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††††††††† This chapter describes the appearance of the Lordís elders and eternal associates by the desire of the Lord, the godless atmosphere of Navadvipa, Shri Advaita Prabhuís worship of Krishna with water and tulasi leaves, the appearance of Shri Nityananda on the thirteenth day of the waxing moon, the prayers offered by the demigods to the Lord in the womb, the appearance of Shri Gaurachandra on the full moon night of the month of Phalguna amidst the congregational chanting of the holy names, and the joyful celebration of the Lordís appearance.
The science of the Supreme Lord and His various incarnations is difficult to understand. What to speak of ordinary living entities, even Lord Brahma cannot fathom this science without the mercy of the Lord. The statement of Lord Brahma in the Shrimad Bhagavatam is the evidence in this regard. Although the cause of the Supreme Lordís appearance is most confidential, the statements of Bhagavad-gita reveal that Lord Vishnu appears in every millenium in order to protect the pious people, deliver the miscreants, and reestablish the principles of religion.
Therefore the author has pointed out that the chanting of the holy names of Krishna is the religious principle for the age of Kali. Shri Gaurahari has appeared along with His abode, Shri Navadvipa, to propagate this yuga-dharma. The author also explains that by the will of the Lord, great devotees and eternal associates such as Ananta, Shiva, and Brahma appeared prior to the Lord in various impious families and impious places where the Ganges does not flow and the holy names are not chanted. In this way such families and places were purified. The author also describes how after the appearance of Shri Gaurahari, His associates joined Him in Navadvipa to assist in His sankirtana movement. At the time of the Lordís appearance, Shri Navadvipa was most prosperous. Millions of people took bath at each of the bathing ghatas on the Ganges. By the benedictions of Sarasvati and Lakshmi, the residents of Navadvipa were absorbed in scholastic pursuits and material enjoyment, but there was ample evidence of peopleís aversion to Lord Krishna. Although it was the beginning of Kali-yuga, people exhibited the behavior foretold for the future of the age. People considered their religious duty was to worship demigods such as Mangalacandi, Vishahari, and Vashuli. They thought the purpose of having money was to spend it for enjoying the marriage of their sons and daughters or the marriage of idols. Since the so-called brahmanas and scholars maintained the asslike mentality of accepting only the gross meaning of the scriptures without understanding the actual purport, when they tried to teach their students, both teachers and students were bound by the ropes of Yamaraja and led to hell. Even the so-called austere renunciates did not chant the names of Hari. Everyone was maddened with pride on account of their high birth, opulence, knowledge, and beauty. At that time Shri Advaita Acarya Prabhu, along with pure devotees like Shrivasa, loudly chanted the names of Lord Hari. But people who were averse to the Lord continually harassed and teased the nonenvious pure devotees. When the compassionate Shri Advaita Prabhu saw peopleís extreme aversion to Krishna cause great distress to the devotees, He began to worship Krishna with water and tulasi with a vow to bring about the advent of Krishna. Before the advent of Lord Gaurahari, Shri Nityananda Prabhu-who is nondifferent from Lord Baladeva, the elder brother of Krishna-appeared from the womb of Padmavati, the wife of Hadai Pandita, in the village of Ekacaka, in Radha-desha, on the thirteenth day of the waxing moon in the month of Magha. Meanwhile, in Navadvipa, Shri Vishvarupa Prabhu, who is nondifferent from Nityananda Prabhu, appeared as the son of Shaci and Jagannatha, after their many daughters had met early deaths. A few years after the advent of Shri Vishvarupa, Shri Gaurahari, the original Personality of Godhead, appeared in the hearts of Shri Shaci and Jagannatha, who are nondifferent from Devaki and Vasudeva. Understanding this, the demigods offered prayers to Lord Shri Gaura-Krishna, the Supreme Absolute Truth and source of all incarnations, who was situated within the womb of Shaci. Shri Gaurachandra, the inaugurator of the sankirtana movement, appeared during an eclipse on the full moon night in the month of Phalguna as everyone engaged in the congregational chanting of the names of Hari. This chapter ends with the jubilant celebration of the Lordís advent accompanied by the chanting of auspicious hymns and the demigodsí visit to the house of Shaci in the form of human beings.
Commentary and Chapter Summaries of His Divine Grace Om Vishnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya Shri Shrimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada.