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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Chaitanya Bhagavata > Caitanya Bhagavata with Commentaries > Adi-khanda > 2-The Lord's Appearance > Adi-khanda 2/151-200

Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata

Adi-khanda -


Vyasa Avatara Shrila Vrindavana dasa Thakura

Chapter Two: The Lord’s Appearance



CB Adi-khanda 2.151

TEXT 151

jaya jaya mahaprabhu janaka sabara

jaya jaya sankirtana-hetu avatara


“All glories to Shriman Mahaprabhu, the father of all living entities. All glories to the Supreme Lord, who has incarnated to inaugurate the sankirtana movement.


The word mahaprabhu refers to He who is directly Krishnacandra and therefore the cause of all causes. He appeared along with His associates in order to deliver the conditioned souls and perform sankirtana with them.

CB Adi-khanda 2.152

TEXT 152

jaya jaya veda-dharma-sadhu-vipra-pala

jaya jaya abhakta-damana-mahakala


“All glories to the protector of Vedic principles, saintly persons, and brahmanas. All glories to the personification of time, which destroys the nondevotees.


In his commentary on Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.3.16), Shri Madhvacarya quotes the following verse from the shrutis: “He is the Lord, the maintainer, controller, and protector of all universes. He is Lord Vishnu.”


After Krishna completed His pastimes in this world, the Vedic religious principles, saintly persons, and brahmanas were bereft of shelter and fell down. Shri Gaurasundara destroyed the non-Vedic philosophies of Buddhism, Jainism, and the logicians’ path of argument and thus protected the prestige of Vedic religious principles, saintly persons, and brahmanas. Shri Gaurasundara is like the personification of death, Yamaraja, for the nondevotees, such as persons with material desires, fruitive workers, and speculators.

CB Adi-khanda 2.153

TEXT 153

jaya jaya sarva-satya-maya-kalevara

jaya jaya iccha-maya maha-maheshvara


“All glories to the Supreme Lord, who possesses a pure spiritual body. All glories to the fully independent Supreme Personality of Godhead.


The body of Shri Gaurasundara is sac-cid-ananda. All glories to that fully independent personality who is the Lord of lords.

CB Adi-khanda 2.154

TEXT 154

ye tumi-ananta-koti-brahmandera vasa

se tumi shri-shaci-garbhe karila prakasha


“You are the shelter of innumerable universes, yet You have entered the womb of mother Shacidevi.

CB Adi-khanda 2.155

TEXT 155

tomara ye iccha, ke bujhite tara patra?

shrishti, sthiti, pralaya-tomara lila-matra


“Who can understand Your supreme will? Creation, maintenance, and annihilation are simply part of Your pastimes.

CB Adi-khanda 2.156

TEXT 156

sakala samsara yanra icchaya samhare

se ki kamsa-ravana vadhite vakye nare?


“For one who destroys the entire creation simply by His desire, can He not kill Ravana or Kamsa simply by giving an order?

CB Adi-khanda 2.157

TEXT 157

tathapiha dasharatha-vasudeva-ghare

avatirna haiya vadhila ta-sabare


“Still, He appeared in the house of Dasharatha and Vasudeva in order to kill them.


While offering prayers to the Lord in the womb, the demigods also prayed, “O moonlike personality. You have appeared in the oceanlike womb of Shaci, yet You are the shelter of innumerable universes.”


The Lord is fully independent and able to destroy the entire universe, so simply by His will demons like Kamsa and Ravana who are averse to Lord Vishnu can be killed by a gesture. Nevertheless, as part of His pastimes, He appeared in the home of Dasharatha and sportingly killed Ravana, and He appeared in the home of Vasudeva and sportingly killed Kamsa.

CB Adi-khanda 2.158

TEXT 158

eteke ke bujhe, prabhu, tomara karana?

apani se jana tumi apanara mana


“Therefore, my Lord, who can understand the cause of Your appearance other than You Yourself?


The Shvetashvatara Upanishad (3.19) states: sa vetti vedyam na ca tasya vetta-“He knows everyone, yet no one knows Him.” Without understanding the purport of this verse, persons whose hearts are attached to false arguments cannot understand the fact that the Lord incarnates according to His own sweet will. In order to bewilder such persons by Your illusory energy, You remain fully independent and beyond the purview of their mental speculation.

CB Adi-khanda 2.159

TEXT 159

tomara ajnaya eka eka sevake tomara

ananta brahmanda pare karite uddhara


“By Your order, each one of Your servants can deliver innumerable universes.


[The Vaishnava poet Shri Devakinanda Dasa has sung:] brahmanda tarite shakti dhare jane jane-“Each and every one of the devotees of Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu can deliver the entire universe.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.160

TEXT 160

tathapiha tumi se apane avatari’

sarva-dharma bujhao prithivi dhanya kari’


“Still You incarnate Yourself to teach religious principles to all and thus make the earth glorious.

CB Adi-khanda 2.161

TEXT 161

satya-yuge tumi, prabhu, shubhra varna dhari’

tapo-dharma bujhao apane tapa kari’


“O my Lord, in Satya-yuga You have appeared with a white complexion to preach the principles of austerity by Your personal example.


The word shubhra indicates the white color accepted by the incarnations for Satya-yuga.

CB Adi-khanda 2.162

TEXT 162

krishnajina, danda, kamandalu, jata dhari’

dharma sthapa’ brahmacari-rupe avatari’


“You wear a deerskin and carry a danda and waterpot, and You wear matted locks of hair. In this way You incarnate as a brahmacari to reestablish the principles of religion.


The word krishnajina refers to the skin of the spotted deer, worn by brahmacaris at the time of sacrificial performances. The word danda indicates either ekadanda or tridanda, which are made from the sticks of the palasha, khadira, or bamboo trees. In other words, vajra-danda, indra-danda, brahma-danda, and jiva-danda are combined together and known as tridanda. The word kamandalu refers to a waterpot made from wood or a gourd. The word jata refers to a bunch of hair that has matted due to not shaving.


The brahmacaris do not always get an opportunity to shave like the pleasure-seeking grihasthas. Therefore they often keep their hair and nails uncut. For those who live at home in comfort, keeping hair and nails uncut is the symptom of an uncultured person, but brahmacaris have some concession in this regard. Those not in the brahmacari ashrama have no right in this matter.

CB Adi-khanda 2.163

TEXT 163

treta-yuge haiya sundara-rakta-varna

hai’ yajna-purusha bujhao yajna-dharma


“You appear in Treta-yuga with a beautiful red complexion. Although You are the Lord of sacrifice, You set the example by engaging in the performance of sacrifice.

CB Adi-khanda 2.164

TEXT 164

sruk-sruva-haste yajna, apane kariya

sabare laoyao yajna, yajnika haiya


“You carry a sacrificial ladle and spoon in Your hands and encourage everyone to perform sacrifice.


The word sruk refers to a ladle made from the wood of the vikankata (bainca) tree and used to offer ghee to the sacrificial fire. It is the length of one’s forearm, and it has a handle on one end and a bowl with a spout shaped like the mouth of a swan on the other end.


The word sruva refers to a spoon made of khadira wood. One end is rounded like the tip of one’s thumb, and the other end has two semi-circular indentations. It is part of the paraphernalia for performing fire sacrifices.

CB Adi-khanda 2.165

TEXT 165

divya-megha-shyama-varna haiya dvapare

puja-dharma bujhao apane ghare-ghare


“In Dvapara-yuga You appear with a transcendental blackish complexion that resembles a monsoon cloud. You preach the process of Deity worship from house to house.

CB Adi-khanda 2.166

TEXT 166

pita-vasa, shrivatsadi nija-cihna dhari’

puja kara, maharaja-rupe avatari’


“You wear yellow cloth, and You are decorated with the mark of Shrivatsa. As a great king, You personally demonstrate the process of Deity worship.


The term maharaja-rupe indicates one who is adorned with items like an umbrella and camara. In this regard one may refer to Shridhara Svami’s Bhavartha-dipika commentary on Shrimad Bhagavatam (11.5.28).

CB Adi-khanda 2.167

TEXT 167

kali-yuge vipra-rupe dhari’ pita-varna

bujhabare veda-gopya sankirtana-dharma


“You appear in Kali-yuga as a brahmana with a golden complexion to inaugurate the congregational chanting of the holy names, which is unknown through the Vedas.


Vedic literature composed on the basis of material knowledge, gathered through pratyaksha, direct understanding, and anumana, hypothetical understanding, is suitable for material enjoyment alone. Although one’s constitutional duties, in the form of chanting the glories of the Supreme Lord, are not directly propagated by the Vedas, they are nevertheless exhibited in this world in the form of devotional service unto the Lord, who is adhokshaja (beyond material perception), sad-dharma-praneta (the director of religious codes), bhagavata-dharmajna (the knower of Vaishnava religious principles), and veda-gopta (the protector of the Vedas). In other words, chanting the holy names of the Lord is a spiritual substance that is nondifferent from Lord Vishnu. The term kali-yuga-avatara refers to Shri Chaitanya, whose complexion is golden, who is the spiritual master for the world, and who is the brahmana inaugurator of the sankirtana movement. The prescribed service of the holy names and forms of the Lord is temple worship in Dvapara-yuga, sacrificial performance in Treta-yuga, and meditation in Satya-yuga. As a teacher, the Lord propagated the religious principles of all four yugas and thus acted as an spiritual master, or acarya. The Lord also revealed that in Satya-yuga one should remain a brahmacari, in Treta-yuga one should remain a grihastha, in Dvapara-yuga one should remain a vanaprastha, and in Kali-yuga one should remain a sannyasi.

CB Adi-khanda 2.168

TEXT 168

kateka va tomara ananta avatara

kara shakti ache iha sankhya karibara?


“Therefore You are the source of innumerable incarnations. Who has the ability to enumerate all of them?


In the Shrimad Bhagavatam (11.5.20-27 and 32) it is stated: “In each of the four yugas, or ages-Krita, Treta, Dvapara and Kali-Lord Keshava appears with various complexions, names, and forms and is thus worshiped by various processes.


“In Satya-yuga the Lord is white and four-armed, has matted locks and wears a garment of tree bark. He carries a black deerskin, a sacred thread, prayer beads, and the rod and waterpot of a brahmacari.


“People in Satya-yuga are peaceful, nonenvious, friendly to every creature, and steady in all situations. They worship the Supreme Personality by austere meditation and by internal and external sense control.


“In Satya-yuga the Lord is glorified by the names Hamsa, Suparna, Vaikuntha, Dharma, Yogeshvara, Amala, Ishvara, Purusha, Avyakta, and Paramatma.


“In Treta-yuga the Lord appears with a red complexion. He has four arms, golden hair, and wears a triple belt representing initiation into each of the three Vedas. Embodying the knowledge of worship by sacrificial performance, which is contained in the Rig, Sama, and Yajur Vedas, His symbols are the ladle, spoon, and other implements of sacrifice.


“In Treta-yuga, those members of human society who are fixed in religiosity and are sincerely interested in achieving the Absolute Truth worship Lord Hari, who contains within Himself all the demigods. The Lord is worshiped by the rituals of sacrifice taught in the three Vedas.


“In Treta-yuga the Lord is glorified by the names Vishnu, Yajna, Prishnigarbha, Sarvadeva, Urukrama, Vrishakapi, Jayanta, and Urugaya.


“In Dvapara-yuga the Supreme Personality of Godhead appears with a dark blue complexion, wearing yellow garments. The Lord’s transcendental body is marked in this incarnation with Shrivatsa and other distinctive ornaments, and He manifests His personal weapons.


“In the age of Kali, intelligent persons perform congregational chanting to worship the incarnation of Godhead who constantly sings the names of Krishna. Although His complexion is not blackish, He is Krishna Himself. He is accompanied by His associates, servants, weapons and confidential companions.”


Elsewhere in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.3.26) it is said: “O brahmanas, the incarnations of the Lord are innumerable, like rivulets flowing from inexhaustible sources of water.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.169

TEXT 169

matsya-rupe tumi jale pralaye vihara

kurma-rupe tumi sarva-jivera adhara


“In the form of Matsya, You enjoy in the waters of annihilation. In the form of Kurma, You are the shelter of all living entities.


As stated in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.3.15-16): “When there was a complete inundation after the period of the Cakshusha Manu and the whole world was deep within water, the Lord accepted the form of a fish and protected Vaivasvata Manu, keeping him up on a boat. The eleventh incarnation of the Lord took the form of a tortoise whose shell served as a pivot for the Mandaracala Hill, which was being used as a churning rod by the theists and atheists of the universe.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.170

TEXT 170

hayagriva-rupe kara vedera uddhara

adi-daitya dui madhu-kaitabhe samhara


“In the form of Hayagriva, You saved the Vedas by killing the original demons, Madhu and Kaitabha.


The Laghu-bhagavatamrita (Purva 50) says: “Lord Hayagriva appeared from the fire sacrifice performed by Brahma. After killing the demons Madhu and Kaitabha, He returned the Vedas.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.171

TEXT 171

shri-varaha-rupe kara prithivi uddhara

narasimha-rupe kara hiranya-vidara


“In the form of Varaha, You delivered the earth, and in the form of Nrisimha, You tore apart the demon Hiranyakashipu.


As stated in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.3.7): “The supreme enjoyer of all sacrifices accepted the incarnation of a boar [the second incarnation], and for the welfare of the earth He lifted the earth from the nether regions of the universe.” The description of Nrisimhadeva’s incarnation is found in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.3.18) as follows: “In the fourteenth incarnation, the Lord appeared as Nrisimha and bifurcated the strong body of the atheist Hiranyakashipu with His nails, just as a carpenter pierces cane.”


The phrase kara hiranya-vidara indicate that Lord Nrisimhadeva tore apart Hiranyakashipu.

CB Adi-khanda 2.172

TEXT 172

balire chala’ apurva vamana-rupa hai’

parashurama-rupe kara nihkshatriya mahi


“In the wonderful form of Vamana, You deceived Bali Maharaja, and in the form of Parashurama, You rid the earth of kshatriyas.


As stated in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.3.19-20): “In the fifteenth incarnation, the Lord assumed the form of a dwarf-brahmana [Vamana] and visited the arena of sacrifice arranged by Maharaja Bali. Although at heart He was willing to regain the kingdom of the three planetary systems, He simply asked for a donation of three steps of land. In the sixteenth incarnation of the Godhead, the Lord [as Bhrigupati] annihilated the administrative class [kshatriyas] twenty-one times, being angry with them because of their rebellion against the brahmanas [the intelligent class].”

CB Adi-khanda 2.173

TEXT 173

ramacandra-rupe kara ravana samhara

haladhara-rupe kara ananta vihara


“In the form of Ramacandra, You killed Ravana, and in the form of Balarama, You performed innumerable pastimes.


It is stated in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.3.22): “In the eighteenth incarnation, the Lord appeared as King Rama. In order to perform some pleasing work for the demigods, He exhibited superhuman powers by controlling the Indian Ocean and then killing the atheist King Ravana, who was on the other side of the sea.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.174

TEXT 174

buddha-rupe daya-dharma karaha prakasha

kalki-rupe kara mleccha-ganera vinasha


“In the form of Buddha, You exhibited compassion, and in the form of Kalki, You destroyed the mlecchas.


The Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.3.24-25) says: “Then, in the beginning of Kali-yuga, the Lord will appear as Lord Buddha, the son of Anjana, in the province of Gaya, just for the purpose of deluding those who are envious of the faithful theist. Thereafter, at the conjunction of two yugas, the Lord of the creation will take His birth as the Kalki incarnation and become the son of Vishnu Yasha. At this time the rulers of the earth will have degenerated into plunderers.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.175

TEXT 175

dhanvantari-rupe kara amrita pradana

hamsa-rupe brahmadire kaha tattva-jnana


“In the form of Dhanvantari, You delivered nectar to the demigods, and in the form of Hamsa, You spoke on the Absolute Truth to Brahma and others.


As stated in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (2.7.19): “O Narada, you were taught about the science of God and His transcendental loving service by the Personality of Godhead in His incarnation of Hamsavatara. He was very much pleased with you, due to your intense proportion of devotional service. He also explained unto you, lucidly, the full science of devotional service, which is especially understandable by persons who are souls surrendered unto Lord Vasudeva, the Personality of Godhead.” Elsewhere, in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.3.17) it is stated: “In the twelfth incarnation, the Lord appeared as Dhanvantari, and in the thirteenth He allured the atheists by the charming beauty of a woman and gave nectar to the demigods to drink.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.176

TEXT 176

shri-narada-rupe vina dhari’ kara gana

vyasa-rupe kara nija-tattvera vyakhyana


“In the form of Narada, You carry a vina and sing Your glories, and in the form of Vyasa, You explain the truth about Yourself.


It is stated in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.3.8): “In the millennium of the rishis, the Personality of Godhead accepted the third empowered incarnation in the form of Devarshi Narada, who is a great sage among the demigods. He collected expositions of the Vedas which deal with devotional service and which inspire nonfruitive action.” Again from the Shrimad Bhagavatam (1.3.21) it is stated: “Thereafter, in the seventeenth incarnation of Godhead, Shri Vyasadeva appeared in the womb of Satyavati through Parashara Muni, and he divided the one Veda into several branches and subbranches, seeing that the people in general were less intelligent.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.177

TEXT 177

sarva-lila-lavanya-vaidagdhi kari’ sange

krishna-rupe vihara’ gokule bahu-range


“In the form of Krishna, Your unlimited enchanting Gokula pastimes include those of all other incarnations.


In the Shrimad Bhagavatam (10.44.14) it is stated: “What austerities must the gopis have performed! With their eyes they always drink the nectar of Lord Krishna’s form, which is the essence of loveliness and is not to be equaled or surpassed. That loveliness is the only abode of beauty, fame, and opulence. It is self-perfect, ever fresh and extremely rare.”


The words krishna-rupe vihara’ gokule are described in the following verses from Laghu-bhagavatamrita (334, 520, 538): “The various wonderfully enchanting sweet pastimes exhibited by the Lord in this world are superior to the opulent pastimes exhibited by Narayana among the demigods. Although Lord Krishna performs His pastimes in Gokula, Mathura, and Dvaraka, His sweet pastimes of Gokula are the topmost. All animate and inanimate living entities become jubilant upon seeing the form of Gopendra-nandana, Shri Krishna, whose beauty is inexhaustible, nectarean, and incomparable.”


It is stated in the Brahmanda Purana:

santi bhurini rupani      mama purnani shad gunaih

bhaveyustani tulyani      na maya gopa-rupina

“All My various forms are full with six opulences, but there is no comparison to My form as a cowherd boy.”


The Padma Purana says:

caritam krishna-devasya      sarvam evadbhutam bhavet

gopala-lila tatrapi      sarvato ‘ti-manohara

“The characteristics of Krishna are certainly wonderful, and His pastimes as a cowherd boy are most enchanting.”


The Tantras state:


nirajyapadabja-nakham calasya

kutrapy adrishta-shruta-ramya-kanter

dhyanam param nanda-sutasya vakshye

“I meditate on Nanda-suta, whose beauty surpasses that of millions of Cupids, who thus adore His lotus feet and toenails. His transcendental effulgence is beyond the description or vision of material senses.”


The Gokula pastimes of Shri Krishna are most perfect because they include all of Krishna’s sweet sportive pastimes as well as the pastimes of all His other incarnations.

CB Adi-khanda 2.178

TEXT 178

ei avatare bhagavata-rupa dhari’

kirtana karibe sarva-shakti paracari’


“In this incarnation as a devotee, You will invest all Your transcendental energies in the performance of kirtana.


“In Your incarnation as Gauranga, You will propagate five forms of eternal service.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.179

TEXT 179

sankirtane purna haibe sakala samsara

ghare ghare haibe prema-bhakti-paracara


“The whole world will be filled with the sound of sankirtana, and pure devotional service will be preached from house to house.


The pastimes of Shri Gauranga are nicely described in the prayers of the demigods. The whole world will achieve complete happiness by proper glorification of Lord Krishna. Then loving service to the Supreme Lord will be preached in every house. From this we get an indication that the Lord wants each person to become adept at kirtana and preaching. Only those who worship Lord Hari are real acaryas and preachers of pure devotional service to the Lord. By artificially imitating the worship of Hari no preaching is successful, because that is not proper behavior. Only those devotees who are well-behaved, freed from bad association, and engaged in the devotional service of Lord Krishna are able to truly preach in every house.

CB Adi-khanda 2.180

TEXT 180

ki kahiba prithivira ananda-prakasha

tumi nritya karibe miliya sarva-dasa


“How can we describe the happiness that this earth planet will enjoy when You dance along with Your servants?

CB Adi-khanda 2.181

TEXT 181

ye tomara pada-padma nitya dhyana kare

tan-sabara prabhavei amangala hare


“The mere presence of those who constantly meditate on Your lotus feet vanquishes all inauspiciousness.


“Each of the Supreme Lord’s incarnations preach and benefit some particular persons, but in Your incarnation as Gauranga You will benefit the entire world by inaugurating the process of kirtana. You will dance with innumerable servants and make the entire world jubilant.”


Shrila Prabodhananda Sarasvatipada has written in his Shri Chaitanya-candramrita (5) as follows:

kaivalyam narakayate tridasha-pur akasha-pushpayate

durdantendriya-kala-sarpa-patali protkhata-damshtrayate

vishvam purna-sukhayate vidhi-mahendradish ca kitayate

yat karunya-kataksha-vaibhavavatam tam gauram eva stumah

“For a devotee who has received Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s merciful glance, kaivalya, merging into the existence of Brahman, appears hellish, the heavenly planets appear like phantasmagoria, the senses appear like serpents with broken teeth, the entire world becomes a replica of Vaikuntha, and the position of demigods headed by Lord Brahma and Lord Indra is considered equal to that of a tiny insect.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.182

TEXT 182

pada-tale khande prithivira amangala

drishti-matra dasha-dik haya sunirmala


“As such persons dance, the touch of their lotus feet destroys all the inauspiciousness of the world. By their glance, the ten directions are purified.

CB Adi-khanda 2.183

TEXT 183

bahu tuli’ nacite svargera vighna-nasha

hena yasha, hena nritya, hena tora dasa


“Such are Your glories, such is the dancing, and such are Your servants that when they dance with their arms raised, the disturbances in the heavenly planets are destroyed.


This temporary material world is full of threefold miseries. Uninterrupted happiness is not found even in the heavenly planets. In the course of enjoying heavenly pleasure there are two impediments-aversion to the Supreme Lord due to sense gratification and being deprived of heavenly pleasures achieved through pious activities by the demons. When the demigods who reside on the heavenly planets raise their arms and happily dance with a desire to serve Lord Vishnu, the fallible heavenly planets no longer remain hated. The characteristics of Krishna’s devotees are like those of the demigods, except that the devotees are freed from all material desires. Such devotees of Krishna can raise their arms and dance in ecstasy. The heroic activities of the Supreme Lord are spotless and bestow all auspiciousness. The devotees of the Supreme Lord also possess such extraordinary qualities. The word hena means “this type” or “this kind.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.184

TEXT 184

padbhyam bhumer disho drigbhyam      dorbhyan camangalam divah

bahu-dhotsadyate rajan      krishna-bhaktasya nrityatah


“‘My dear King, when Krishna’s devotees dance in kirtana, they destroy the inauspiciousness of the earth by the touch of their feet, the directions by their glance, and the higher planetary systems by their upraised arms.’


This verse is found in the Padma Purana and in the Hari-bhakti-sudhodaya (20.68).

CB Adi-khanda 2.185-186

TEXTS 185-186

se prabhu apane tumi sakshat haiya

kariba kirtana-prema bhakta-goshthi laiya

e mahima, prabhu, varnibara kara shakti?

tumi vilaiba veda-gopya vishnu-bhakti!


“O Lord, You will personally appear and perform kirtana with Your pure devotees. O Lord, who has the power to describe Your glories? You will distribute devotional service to Lord Vishnu that is unknown through the Vedas.


“O Lord Gaurasundara! You are the nondifferent golden form of the son of the king of Vraja. You will appear in this world along with Your associates and enjoy the pastimes of distributing love of God through the process of kirtana. Neither the demigods nor the human beings are able to properly describe Your glories. The knowledge of demigods and human beings is mundane; the most beneficial work of distributing pure service to Krishna, which is hidden in the Vedas and not manifest to all, is only possible in Your incarnation as Gaura.”


Shri Damodara Svarupa Prabhu has written in his notebook:

anarpita-carim cirat karunayavatirnah kalau

samarpayitum unnatojjvala-rasam sva-bhakti-shriyam

harih purata-sundara-dyuti-kadamba-sandipitah

sada hridaya-kandare sphuratu vah shaci-nandanah

“May the Supreme Lord, who is known as the son of Shrimati Shacidevi, be transcendentally situated in the innermost core of your heart. Resplendent with the radiance of molten gold, He has descended in the Age of Kali by His causeless mercy to bestow what no incarnation has ever offered before: the most elevated mellow of devotional service, the mellow of conjugal love.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.187

TEXT 187

mukti diya ye bhakti rakhaha gopya kari’

ami-saba ye-nimitte abhilasha kari


“You easily award liberation, but You keep devotional service hidden. We have a desire to attain that devotional service.


One should refer to the Shrimad Bhagavatam (2.10.6 and 5.6.18) in this regard.

CB Adi-khanda 2.188

TEXT 188

jagatera prabhu tumi diba hena dhana

tomara karunya sabe ihara karana


“O Lord, You will freely distribute the treasure of devotional service throughout the world, simply due to Your causeless mercy.


“We are demigods, decorated with all good qualities. We are beyond the jurisdiction of poverty. We therefore have no ulterior motive. Our only desire is to serve Lord Vishnu. Since we are bereft of the Lord’s devotional service, we pray that we may regain that service. You will bestow on all sinful persons of the world the qualification to serve the Supreme Lord, which is the topmost treasure. Although no one is qualified to achieve this benediction, You have the power to bestow causeless mercy on such worthless persons. Therefore Your causeless mercy is the only means of obtaining Your favor.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.189

TEXT 189

ye tomara name prabhu sarva-yajna purna

se tumi haila navadvipe avatirna


“By the chanting of whose holy names all sacrifices are performed, that Lord has now appeared in Navadvipa.


“The four types of sacrifice-meditation, fire sacrifice, Deity worship, and kirtana-are perfected by chanting the holy names of Hari. All sacrifices are complete only by chanting Your names that You have given. You have appeared in Navadvipa to preach these holy names.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.190

TEXT 190

ei kripa kara, prabhu haiya sadaya

yena ama-sabara dekhite bhagya haya


“O Lord, please be merciful to us so that we may have the fortune to see Your pastimes.


The demigods continue with their prayers, “Let us be fortunate enough that we may see Your eternal Gaura pastimes in this material world.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.191

TEXT 191

eta-dine gangara purila manoratha

tumi krida kariba ye cira-abhimata


“The long-cherished desire of the Ganges will now be fulfilled when You sport in her waters.


From time immemorial the Ganges has been famous as the nectar emanating from the lotus feet of Krishna and sustained on the head of Lord Shiva, the topmost Vaishnava. For the benefit of the world she flowed from Haridvara to Ganga-sagara and thus expanded the service attitude of those who live on her banks. Foolish people could not understand that she is the water touched by Your feet, so Gangadevi desired to serve You by being identified in this world as the water touched by Your feet. Therefore her desires will be fulfilled when You wash Your feet and take bath in her waters.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.192

TEXT 192

ye tomare yogeshvara sabe dekhe dhyane

se tumi vidita haibe navadvipa-grame


“You who are seen through the yogis’ meditation as Yogeshvara will now be seen in the village of Navadvipa.


“The great mystic yogis meditate on Your form in their hearts. You will manifest that eternal transcendental form for the benefit of the residents of Navadvipa.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.193

TEXT 193

navadvipa-pratio thakuka namaskara

shaci-jagannatha-grihe yatha avatara


“We therefore offer our respectful obeisances to Shri Navadvipa, where the Lord appeared in the house of Shacidevi and Jagannatha.”


“We offer our obeisances to the abode that is qualified for receiving Your lotus feet.” That abode is nondifferent from Durga, or Nila, who is a manifestation of Narayana’s energy and worshipable by all devotees. That Yogapitha, which is situated in Shri Mayapur, is the site of Shaci and Jagannatha’s house, wherein the Lord took birth. In other words, Shri Navadvipa-dhama is composed of pure goodness and is nondifferent from Vrindavana. It is the basis of the nine types of devotional service for devotees who have taken shelter of a spiritual master.

CB Adi-khanda 2.194

TEXT 194

ei-mata brahmadi devata prati-dine

gupte rahi’ ishvarera karena stavane


In this way the demigods headed by Lord Brahma would daily offer prayers in seclusion.

CB Adi-khanda 2.195

TEXT 195

shaci-garbhe vaise sarva-bhuvanera vasa

phalguni purnima asi’ haila prakasha


The Lord, who is the shelter of all universes, remained in the womb of Shacidevi until the Phalguni Purnima gradually approached.


The Supreme Lord, who is the resting place of innumerable Vaikuntha planets and material universes composed of fourteen planetary systems, has appeared in the womb of Shaci. The Lord remained in the womb of Shaci until the full moon night of the month of Phalguna, in the year 1486. The words shaci-garbha-sindhu refer to the form of pure goodness.

CB Adi-khanda 2.196

TEXT 196

ananta-brahmande yata ache sumangala

sei purnimaya asi’ milila sakala


All the auspicious symptoms present throughout unlimited universes appeared together on that full moon night.


This full moon day became most auspicious as all favorable symptoms gathered together.

CB Adi-khanda 2.197

TEXT 197

sankirtana-sahita prabhura avatara

grahanera chale taha karena pracara


Thus the Lord simultaneously appeared along with the congregational chanting of the holy names, which He inaugurated on the pretext of a lunar eclipse.


The tradition of chanting the names of Hari for fruitive results during solar and lunar eclipses has been current since time immemorial. Although such chanting of the holy names yields insignificant fruits, Shri Chaitanyadeva coincidentally appeared while everyone was thus engaged.

CB Adi-khanda 2.198

TEXT 198

ishvarera karma bujhibara shakti kaya?

candre acchadila rahu ishvara-icchaya


Who has the power to understand the activities of the Lord? By His desire Rahu covered the moon.

CB Adi-khanda 2.199

TEXT 199

sarva-navadvipe,-dekhe haila grahana

uthila mangala-dhvani shri-hari-kirtana


When the inhabitants of Navadvipa saw the eclipse, they began to chant the auspicious names of Hari.

CB Adi-khanda 2.200

TEXT 200

ananta arbuda loka ganga-snane yaya

‘hari bola’ ‘hari bola’ bali’ sabe dhaya


Millions of people went to take bath in the Ganges while chanting, “Hari bol! Hari bol!”


As a lunar eclipse took place that evening, everyone engaged in chanting the holy names of Hari and bathing in the Ganges as though unknowingly celebrating the appearance of the Lord.


Commentary and Chapter Summaries of His Divine Grace Om Vishnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya Shri Shrimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada.