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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Chaitanya Bhagavata > Caitanya Bhagavata with Commentaries > Adi-khanda > 2-The Lord's Appearance > Adi-khanda 2/101-150

Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata

Adi-khanda -


Vyasa Avatara Shrila Vrindavana dasa Thakura

Chapter Two: The Lord’s Appearance



CB Adi-khanda 2.101

TEXT 101

sabei sva-dharma-para, sabei udara

krishna-bhakti bai keha na janaye ara


All these devotees were engaged in their prescribed duties, they were all magnanimous, and they knew nothing other than the devotional service of Lord Krishna.


The associates of Shri Chaitanyadeva were as good and as magnanimous as the Lord Himself. They had no interest in the living entities other than engaging them in the service of Krishna.

CB Adi-khanda 2.102

TEXT 102

sabe kare sabare bandhava-vyavahara

keha karo na janena nija-avatara


They all had friendly relationships with each other, although they were unaware of each other’s identity.


Relatives and friends cooperated with the devotees in the service of Lord. Those relatives and friends of the devotees forgot themselves as they developed friendship with the devotees according to their own tastes.

CB Adi-khanda 2.103

TEXT 103

vishnu-bhakti-shunya dekhi’ sakala samsara

antare dahaye bada citta sabakara


The hearts of these devotees burned on seeing the people of the world devoid of devotion to Lord Vishnu.


The devotees’ hearts burned as they observed the godless mentality of the living entities who were forced to enjoy the fruits of their karma.

CB Adi-khanda 2.104

TEXT 104

krishna-katha shunibeka hena nahi jana

apana-apani sabe karena kirtana


Because they could not find anyone interested in hearing topics of Lord Krishna, they would engage in kirtana by themselves.


Since the devotees of Gaura did not find anyone interested in hearing the topics of Lord Hari, they happily engaged in congregational chanting of the names of Hari by themselves.

CB Adi-khanda 2.105

TEXT 105

dui cari danda thaki’ advaita-sabhaya

krishna-katha-prasange sakala duhkha yaya


They would remain together for a couple hours in the house of Advaita Prabhu and mitigate their distress with topics of Krishna.


The devotees remained one or two hours in the association of Advaita Prabhu and got relief from their distress by discussing topics of Krishna.

CB Adi-khanda 2.106

TEXT 106

dagdha dekhe sakala samsara bhakta-gana

alapera sthana nahi, karena krandana


The devotees felt that the entire world was burning, and they felt sorry because they could not find anyone to speak with.


The devotees found that discussion of topics not related to Krishna was very prominent, so they considered the people of this world who were averse to Krishna as unworthy of speaking to. The devotees understood that the ultimate goal of such people was inauspicious, so they felt pity on them and cried.

CB Adi-khanda 2.107

TEXT 107

sakala vaishnava meli’ apani advaita

prani-matra kare keha nare bujhaite


Shri Advaita Acarya along with the other Vaishnavas tried to preach to the people, but they could not understand anything.


Shri Advaita Prabhu and the Vaishnavas tried to explain the science of self-realization to the people of this world, but no one could understand them.

CB Adi-khanda 2.108

TEXT 108

duhkha bhavi’ advaita karena upavasa

sakala vaishnava-gane chade dirgha shvasa


In distress, Advaita Acarya began to fast and the Vaishnavas sighed deeply.


Because the people of this world could not understand the importance of hearing topics of Hari, Shri Advaita Prabhu became afflicted with distress and began to fast. Other devotees were also disappointed and sighed deeply.

CB Adi-khanda 2.109

TEXT 109

‘kena va krishnera nritya, kena va kirtana?

kare va vaishnava bali’, kiba sankirtana?’


People did not know why the devotees danced for Krishna or chanted His names. They could not understand who was a Vaishnava or what the purpose of sankirtana was.


Ordinary people could not enter into the mysteries of why Shri Advaita Prabhu danced and chanted, who was a Vaishnava, and what was the purpose of sankirtana. Similarly, ordinary people and fruitive workers are unable to understand the chanting of Krishna’s names that is currently practiced by the servants of the Shri Vishva-vaishnava Raja-sabha.

CB Adi-khanda 2.110

TEXT 110

kichu nahi jane loka dhana-putra-ashe

sakala pashandi meli’ vaishnavere hase


People could not understand any of these things because their hearts were filled with desires for wealth and children. All the atheists would laugh at the Vaishnavas.


Since materialists consider wealth and children the only purpose of life, they can neither recognize pure Vaishnavas nor understand the purpose of sankirtana. They are struck with wonder on seeing the activities of the Vaishnavas, but they are unable to understand the actual purpose behind those activities and simply taunt and laugh at them.

CB Adi-khanda 2.111

TEXT 111

cari bhai shrivasa miliya nija-ghare

nisha haile hari-nama gaya uccaih-svare


Every evening Shrivasa Pandita and his three brothers would loudly chant the names of Hari in their house.


At night, the four brothers headed by Shrivasa loudly chanted the maha-mantra in Shrivasa’s courtyard.

CB Adi-khanda 2.112

TEXT 112

shuniya pashandi bole,-’haila pramada

e brahmana karibeka gramera utsada


On hearing this chanting, the atheists would remark, “What madness! This brahmana, Shrivasa, will ruin this village.


Those envious of the Vaishnavas became bewildered on seeing Shrivasa’s activities. They feared that by chanting the names of Hari, which deliver one from material life, all the living entities would be delivered. Therefore all the opulences and beauty of the village would be destroyed by such chanting. The word e brahmana refers to Shrivasa Thakura.





CB Adi-khanda 2.113

TEXT 113

maha-tivra narapati yavana ihara

e akhyana shunile pramada nadiyara’


“The Mohammedan King is very cruel by nature. If he hears about this kirtana, the whole district will suffer.”


The word maha-tivra means “very violent” or “formidable.”

The phrase yavana narapati refers to the Lodi and Sayed dynasty kings and their subordinates, who were the administrators of Bengal. If such administrators, who were envious of devotional service, heard about the strong introduction and preaching of day and night kirtana in Navadvipa, the capitol of Bengal, they would oppress and torture the citizens.

CB Adi-khanda 2.114

TEXT 114

keha bole,-’e brahmane ei grama haite

ghara bhangi’ ghucaiya phelaimu srote


Someone else said, “I’ll drive this brahmana out of town, break his house, and throw it in the Ganges.


Some people considered, “In order to drive Shrivasa Pandita out of this village, we will break his house and throw it in the Ganges.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.115

TEXT 115

e vamune ghucaile gramera mangala

anyatha yavane grama karibe karala’


“If we get rid of this brahmana, then it will be good for the village. Otherwise the Yavanas will take over the town.”


“If we can drive Shrivasa out of the capitol, then the town will prosper. If Shrivasa remains here, the Mohammedan King will destroy the villagers’ peace and happiness.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.116

TEXT 116

ei-mata bole yata pashandira gana

shuni’ krishna bali’ kande bhagavata-gana


Hearing the atheists speak in this way, the devotees began to cry and chant Krishna’s name.

CB Adi-khanda 2.117

TEXT 117

shuniya advaita krodhe agni-hena jvale

digambara hai’ sarva-vaishnavere bole


When Advaita Acarya heard these things, He became as angry as fire. Neglecting whether He was dressed properly, He spoke to all the Vaishnavas.


Shri Advaita Prabhu became angry like fire on hearing the words of those who were envious of the Vaishnavas. Neglecting His dress, He spoke to the Vaishnavas.

CB Adi-khanda 2.118-119

TEXTS 118-119

‘shuna, shrinivasa, gangadasa, shuklambara

karaiba krishne sarva-nayana-gocara

saba uddharibe krishna apane asiya

bujhaibe krishna-bhakti toma-saba laiya


“Listen, Shrivasa, Gangadasa, and Shuklambara! I will make Krishna descend for all to see. He will personally come and deliver one and all by preaching devotional service with your help.


Shri Advaita Prabhu said, “O Shuklambara! O Gangadasa! O Shrivasa! Please listen. The people of this world are misguided due to a lack of Krishna consciousness. I will bring Shri Krishna and show everyone. Shri Krishna will personally appear and deliver everyone. Along with devotees like yourselves, He will deliver everyone by teaching them the necessity of devotional service.

CB Adi-khanda 2.120

TEXT 120

yabe nahi paron, tabe ei deha haite

prakashiya cari-bhuja, cakra laimu hate


“If I fail to do this, then I will manifest four arms and take up My disc.

CB Adi-khanda 2.121

TEXT 121

pashandire katiya karimu skandha nasha

tabe krishna-prabhu mora, muni-tanra dasa’


“I will sever the heads of the atheists, and then it will be confirmed that Krishna is My Lord and I am His servant.”


“If I am unable to bring the Supreme Lord to preach the process of worshiping Krishna, then I will manifest four arms from this body and sever the heads of the atheists with My conchshell, disc, club, and lotus flower. If I can do this, then I will know that Shri Krishna is My Lord and I am His worthy servant.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.122

TEXT 122

ei-mata advaita balena anukshana

sankalpa kariya puje krishnera carana


In this way Shri Advaita Acarya constantly worshiped the lotus feet of Krishna with great determination.


The words sankalpa kariya mean “with a determined and unwavering heart.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.123

TEXT 123

bhakta-saba niravadhi eka-citta haiya

puje krishna-pada-padma krandana kariya


The other devotees also shed tears as they all constantly worshiped Krishna with fixed determination.

CB Adi-khanda 2.124

TEXT 124

sarva-navadvipe bhrame bhagavata-gana

kothao na shune bhakti-yogera kathana


As the devotees wandered through Navadvipa, they never heard any topics concerning devotional service.

CB Adi-khanda 2.125

TEXT 125

keha duhkhe cahe nija-sharira edite

keha ‘krishna’ bali’ svasa chadaye kandite


Seeing the people’s pathetic condition, some of the devotees wanted to give up their bodies, while other devotees sighed deeply as they called out the name of Krishna and cried.


The devotees desired to give up their bodies out of distress for the living entities of that time who had no inclination for serving the Lord. They displayed compassion for the living entities by crying, sighing heavily, and fasting. Seeing the behavior of people who were averse to Krishna, the devotees’ hearts were afflicted with distress.

CB Adi-khanda 2.126

TEXT 126

anna bhala-mate karo na rucaye mukhe

jagatera vyavahara dekhi’ paya duhkhe


The devotees became so unhappy by seeing people’s behavior that they lost their desire to eat.

CB Adi-khanda 2.127

TEXT 127

chadilena bhakta-gana sarva upabhoga

avataribare prabhu karila udyoga


As the devotees gave up all material comforts, the Supreme Lord prepared to advent.


As the devotees anticipated the Lord’s appearance, they refrained from all forms of material happiness and enjoyment. The Supreme Lord prepared to advent as His heart melted with compassion for the devotees’ distress.

CB Adi-khanda 2.128

TEXT 128

ishvara-ajnaya age shri-ananta-dhama

radhe avatirna haila nityananda-rama


By the order of the Lord, Shri Nityananda Rama, who is nondifferent from Ananta, first appeared in Radha-desha.


By the order of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Shri Krishnacandra, Shri Baladeva, who is nondifferent from Ananta, appeared as Nityananda Svarupa in the village of Ekacakra, of Radha-desha.

CB Adi-khanda 2.129-130

TEXTS 129-130

magha-mase shukla-trayodashi shubha-dine

padmavati-garbhe ekacaka-nama grame

hadai-pandita name shuddha-vipra-raja

mule sarva-pita tane kare pita-vyaja


He appeared from the womb of Padmavati in the village of Ekacakra on the auspicious thirteenth day of the waxing moon in the month of Magha. The Lord, who is the original father of everyone, accepted Hadai Pandita, the king of the brahmanas, as His father.


Shri Nityananda Svarupa appeared as the son of Hadai Pandita, the personification of pure goodness, from the womb of Padmavati, the personification of pure goodness, on the thirteenth day of the waxing moon in the month of Magha.

CB Adi-khanda 2.131

TEXT 131

kripa-sindhu, bhakti-data, prabhu balarama

avatirna haila dhari’ nityananda-nama


Lord Balarama is an ocean of mercy and the bestower of devotional service. He appeared as Shri Nityananda Prabhu.

CB Adi-khanda 2.132

TEXT 132

maha-jaya-jaya-dhvani, pushpa-varishana

sangope devata-gana karila takhana


Invisible to humans, the demigods loudly chanted, “Jaya! Jaya!” and showered flowers.

CB Adi-khanda 2.133

TEXT 133

sei-dina haite radha-mandala sakala

badite lagila punah punah sumangala


From that day on, the district of Radha-desha became filled with prosperity.


By the appearance of Shri Nityananda, the whole of Radha-desha gradually became filled with auspiciousness.

CB Adi-khanda 2.134

TEXT 134

ye prabhu patita-jane nistara karite

avadhuta-vesha dhari’ bhramila jagate


In order to deliver the fallen souls, Nityananda Prabhu accepted the dress of a mendicant and traveled throughout the world.


In order to deliver the fallen souls, Shri Nityananda Prabhu accepted the dress of a paramahamsa avadhuta and wandered like a mendicant.


The words avadhuta-vesha indicate accepting the appearance of a sannyasi rather than dressing like a materialist, who is under the control of material sense perception.

CB Adi-khanda 2.135

TEXT 135

anantera prakara haila hena-mate

ebe shuna,-krishna avatarila yena-mate


This is the description of Lord Ananta’s appearance. Now please hear how Krishna made His appearance.

CB Adi-khanda 2.136

TEXT 136

navadvipe ache jagannatha mishra-vara

vasudeva-praya tenho sva-dharme tatpara


Shri Jagannatha Mishra lived in Navadvipa. He was just like Vasudeva, and he was expert in following his prescribed duties.

CB Adi-khanda 2.137

TEXT 137

udara-caritra tenho brahmanyera sima

hena nahi, yaha diya kariba upama


He was greatly magnanimous and the best of the brahmanas. Indeed, I can find no comparison to him.


There is no comparison with Shri Jagannatha Mishra’s magnanimous characteristics in this world.

CB Adi-khanda 2.138

TEXT 138

ki kashyapa, dasharatha, vasudeva, nanda

sarva-maya-tattva jagannatha-mishra-candra


All the good qualities of Kashyapa, Dasharatha, Vasudeva, and Nanda Maharaja were found in the person of Jagannatha Mishra.


All personifications of pure goodness like Kashyapa Muni, the father of Upendra; Dasharatha, the father of Ramacandra; Vasudeva, the father of Vasudeva; and Nanda Maharaja, the father of Vrajendra-nandana, were all simultaneously manifested in the person of Jagannatha Mishra.

CB Adi-khanda 2.139

TEXT 139

tanna patni shaci-nama maha-pati-vrata

murti-mati vishnu-bhakti sei jagan-mata


His wife was the most chaste Shacidevi, the universal mother and personification of devotional service to the Supreme Lord.

CB Adi-khanda 2.140

TEXT 140

bahutara kanyara haila tirobhava

sabe eka putra vishvarupa mahabhaga


After all her daughters expired, the most fortunate Vishvarupa appeared as her son.


Before the Lord’s advent, mother Shaci gave birth to eight daughters, who all expired. Only Shri Vishvarupa was present at the time of the Lord’s birth.

CB Adi-khanda 2.141

TEXT 141

vishvarupa-murti-yena abhinna-madana

dekhi’ harashita dui brahmani-brahmana


Shri Vishvarupa was as attractive as Cupid personified. His mother and father were jubilant on seeing Him.


 Seeing that Shri Vishvarupa was as handsome as Cupid, His father and mother were greatly pleased.

CB Adi-khanda 2.142

TEXT 142

janma haite vishvarupera haila virakti

shaishabei sakala-shastrete haila sphurti


Vishvarupa was detached from the time of His birth, and He realized the purport of the scriptures in His very childhood.


From the time of His birth, Shri Vishvarupa was detached from material enjoyment, which is unrelated with Krishna. In His childhood He became expert in all scriptures.

CB Adi-khanda 2.143

TEXT 143

vishnu-bhakti-shunya haila sakala samsara

prathama-kalite haila bhavishya-acara


As the entire world became devoid of devotion to Lord Vishnu, the future symptoms of Kali began to manifest in the beginning of the age.


The sinful activities predicted for the age of Kali became prominent in the beginning of the age, and the whole world became devoid of the worship of Lord Vishnu.

CB Adi-khanda 2.144-145

TEXTS 144-145

dharma-tirobhava haile prabhu avatare

‘bhakta-saba duhkha paya’ janiya antare

tabe mahaprabhu gauracandra bhagavan

shaci-jagannatha-dehe haila adhishthana


Whenever there is a decline in the practice of religious principles, the Lord incarnates. Knowing that the devotees were in distress, Lord Gaurachandra Mahaprabhu appeared in the bodies of Jagannatha Mishra and Shacidevi.


Whenever there is a decline in religious principles, the merciful Lord and His devotees incarnate in order to reestablish those principles. When Lord Gaurachandra saw the miserable condition of His devotees, He appeared in the bodies of Shaci and Jagannatha.

CB Adi-khanda 2.146

TEXT 146

jaya-jaya-dhvani haila ananta-vadane

svapna-praya jagannatha-mishra shaci shune


As Shri Ananta loudly chanted, “Jaya! Jaya!” Jagannatha Mishra and Shacidevi heard this sound vibration as if it were a dream.


Shri Anantadeva, the servant of the Supreme Lord, began to glorify the Lord with His innumerable mouths. Shri Jagannatha and Shaci heard His chanting as if it were a dream.

CB Adi-khanda 2.147

TEXT 147

maha-tejo-murtimanta haila dui-jane

tathapiha lakhite na pare anya-jane


Both husband and wife manifested brilliant spiritual effulgence, which common people could not perceive.

CB Adi-khanda 2.148

TEXT 148

avatirna haibena ishvara janiya

brahma-shiva-adi stuti karena asiya


Knowing that the Supreme Lord would appear, personalities like Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva came to offer prayers.


In the Shrimad Bhagavatam (11.5.33-34) Karabhajana Muni, one of the nine Yogendras, narrated to Nimi Maharaja as follows: “My dear Lord, You are the Maha-purusha, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and I worship Your lotus feet, which are the only eternal object of meditation. Those feet destroy the embarrassing conditions of material life and freely award the greatest desire of the soul, the attainment of pure love of Godhead. My dear Lord, Your lotus feet are the shelter of all holy places and of all saintly authorities in the line of devotional service and are honored by powerful demigods like Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma. My Lord, You are so kind that You willingly protect all those who simply bow down to You with respect, and thus You mercifully relieve all the distress of Your servants. In conclusion, my Lord, Your lotus feet are actually the suitable boat for crossing over the ocean of birth and death, and therefore even Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva seek shelter at Your lotus feet.


“O Maha-purusha, I worship Your lotus feet. You gave up the association of the goddess of fortune and all her opulence, which is most difficult to renounce and is hankered after by even the great demigods. Being the most faithful follower of the path of religion, You thus left for the forest in obedience to a brahmana’s curse. Out of sheer mercifulness You chased after the fallen conditioned souls, who are always in pursuit of the false enjoyment of illusion, and at the same time engaged in searching out Your own desired object, Lord Shyamasundara.”

CB Adi-khanda 2.149

TEXT 149

ati-maha-veda-gopya e-sakala katha

ihate sandeha kichu nahika sarvatha


All these topics are unknown through the Vedas. Of this there is no doubt.

CB Adi-khanda 2.150

TEXT 150

bhakti kari’ brahmadi-devera shuna stuti

ye gopya-shravane haya krishne rati-mati


Now please hear with devotion the prayers offered by the demigods headed by Brahma. By hearing these prayers, one’s mind becomes attached to Krishna.


If one hears the most confidential prayers offered to Shri Gaurasundara by the demigods, headed by Lord Brahma, one’s attachment for Krishna will certainly increase.


Commentary and Chapter Summaries of His Divine Grace Om Vishnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya Shri Shrimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada.