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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Chaitanya Bhagavata > Caitanya Bhagavata with Commentaries > Adi-khanda > 13-Defeating Digvijayi > Adi-khanda 13/150-200

Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata

Adi-khanda -


Vyasa Avatara Shrila Vrindavana dasa Thakura

Chapter Thirteen: Defeating Digvijayi



CB Adi-khanda 13.151

TEXT 151

prabhure asiya vipra dandavat haila

prabhu o viprere kole kariya tulila


The brahmana came and offered his obeisances to the Lord, who picked up the brahmana and embraced him.

CB Adi-khanda 13.152

TEXT 152

prabhu bole,-“kene bhai, e ki vyavahara?”

vipra bole,-“kripa-drishti yehena tomara


The Lord said, “O brahmana, why have you come so early? What is the reason for this behavior?” The brahmana replied, “It is all due to Your merciful glance.”

CB Adi-khanda 13.153

TEXT 153

prabhu bole,-“digvijayi haiya apane

tabe tumi amare e-mata kara’ kene?”


The Lord said, “You are the champion of learning. Why are you treating Me like this?”

CB Adi-khanda 13.154

TEXT 154

digvijayi bolena,-“shunaha, vipra-raja!

toma’ bhajilei siddha haya sarva-kaja


The Digvijayi replied, “Please listen, O king of the brahmanas. Just by worshiping You, all one’s activities become successful.

CB Adi-khanda 13.155

TEXT 155

kali-yuge vipra-rupe tumi narayana

tomare cinite shakti dhare kon jana?


“You are the Supreme Lord Narayana, but You have appeared in Kali-yuga in the form of a brahmana. Who has the power to recognize You?

CB Adi-khanda 13.156

TEXT 156

takhani mora citte janmila samshaya

tumi jijnasile, mora vakya na sphuraya


“Doubts arose in my mind when You asked me questions that I was unable to answer.

CB Adi-khanda 13.157

TEXT 157

tumi ye agarva prabhu,-sarva-vede kahe

taha satya dekhilun, anyatha kabhu nahe


“O Lord, all the Vedas confirm that You are devoid of pride. Now I have seen this with my own eyes. There is no doubt about it.

CB Adi-khanda 13.158

TEXT 158

tina-bara amare karila parabhava

tathapi amara tumi rakhila gaurava


“Although You have defeated me three times, You have maintained my prestige.

CB Adi-khanda 13.159

TEXT 159

eho ki ishvara-shakti vine anye haya?

ataeva, tumi-narayana sunishcaya


“Is this possible for anyone other than the Supreme Lord? Therefore You are certainly Lord Narayana.

CB Adi-khanda 13.160-162

TEXTS 160-162

gauda, trihuta, dilli, kashi-adi kari’

gujarata, vijaya-nagara, kanci-puri

anga, banga, tailanga, odhra, desha ara kata


panditera samaja samsare ache yata

dushibe amara vakya,-se thakuka dure

bujhitei kona jana shakti nahi dhare


“I met with innumerable scholars wherever I have gone-Gauda, Trihuta, Delhi, Kashi, Gujarat, Vijayanagara, Kancipura, Anga, Bengal, Andhra, Orissa. What to speak of refuting my statements, none of those scholars had even the power to understand them.

CB Adi-khanda 13.163

TEXT 163

hena ami toma’ sthane siddhanta karite

na parinu, saba buddhi gela kon bhite?


“Though I am such a scholar, I was still unable to establish my conclusions before You. Where did all my intelligence go?

CB Adi-khanda 13.164

TEXT 164

ei karma tomara ashcarya kichu nahe

‘sarasvati pati tumi’,-devi more kahe


“This is not an astonishing achievement for You, for You are the Lord of Sarasvati. She personally told me this.

CB Adi-khanda 13.165

TEXT 165

vada-shubha-lagne ailana navadvipe

toma’ dekhilana dubiya ye bhava-kupe


“I came to Navadvipa at a most auspicious time. Although I was drowning in the dark well of material life, I somehow saw You.


“I entered Navadvipa at an auspicious moment and attained darshana of You. When persons are drowning in the well of material life, they have no opportunity to see You. So far I have remained intoxicated with material knowledge, but now I was able to see You by the accumulated strength of my past pious deeds.”

CB Adi-khanda 13.166

TEXT 166

avidya-vasana-bandhe mohita haiya

vedana pasari’ tattva apana’ vanciya


“I was bewildered by nescience and material desires, and I cheated myself as I wandered throughout the world forgetful of my constitutional position.


When living entities are illusioned about self-realization, they become averse to the service of the Lord and are thus bound by desires for material enjoyment. When conditioned souls who are controlled by maya become foolish due to material knowledge, they are cheated out of self-realization.

CB Adi-khanda 13.167

TEXT 167

daiva-bhagye pailana toma’ darashane

ebe kripa-drishtye more karaha mocane


“I’ve met You by some great fortune, now please deliver me by Your merciful glance.

CB Adi-khanda 13.168

TEXT 168

para-upakara-dharma-svabhava tomara

toma’ vine sharanya dayalu nahi ara


“It is Your nature to engage in the welfare of others; indeed, there is no shelter or source of compassion other than You.


The second line of this verse is explained in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (3.2.23) in following words of Uddhava, who was feeling separation from Lord Krishna: “Alas, how shall I take shelter of one more merciful than He who granted the position of mother to a she-demon [Putana] although she was unfaithful and she prepared deadly poison to be sucked from her breast?”


Also in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (10.48.26) Shri Akrura offered the following prayers to Krishna and Balarama when They visited his house: “What learned person would approach anyone but You for shelter, when You are the affectionate, grateful and truthful well-wisher of Your devotees? To those who worship You in sincere friendship You reward everything they desire, even Your own self, yet You never increase or diminish.”

CB Adi-khanda 13.169

TEXT 169

hena upadesha more kaha, mahashaya!

ara yena durvasana citte nahi haya”


“O Lord, please instruct me in such a way that I may have no material desires in my heart.”

CB Adi-khanda 13.170

TEXT 170

ei-mata kakuvada aneka kariya

stuti kare digvijayi ati-namra haiya


After speaking many plaintive words in this way, the Digvijayi humbly offered prayers to the Lord.

CB Adi-khanda 13.171

TEXT 171

shuniya viprera kaku shri-gaurasundara

hasiya tahane kichu karila uttara


Hearing the brahmana’s submissive words, Shri Gaurasundara smiled and replied.

CB Adi-khanda 13.172

TEXT 172

“shuna, dvija-vara, tumi-maha-bhagyavan

sarasvati yahara jihvaya adhishthana


“Listen, O best of the brahmanas. You are most fortunate, for Sarasvati resides on your tongue.

CB Adi-khanda 13.173-174

TEXTS 173-174

‘digvijaya kariba’,-vidyara karya nahe

ishvare bhajile, sei vidya ‘satya’ kahe

mana diya bujha, deha chadiya calile

dhana va paurusha sange kichu nahi cale


“Conquering the world is not the proper use for knowledge, the proper use of knowledge is to worship the Supreme Lord. Try to understand, when one gives up his body, he cannot take wealth and reputation with him.


Because ordinary foolish people consider material knowledge and spiritual knowledge as one, or equal, they think that the bondage of material knowledge is the platform of knowledge. The living entities’ desire for digvijaya, or achieving victory over others, is born of false ego resulting from material knowledge. Vidya, or knowledge, actually refers to the supreme service of Lord Vishnu, because wealth, physical strength, and good health do not follow a person at the time of death. A person who accepts material enjoyment as all in all utilizes his wealth, knowledge, and physical strength to increase his sense enjoyment, but after his death these material assets become most useless.

CB Adi-khanda 13.175

TEXT 175

eteke mahanta saba sarva parihari’

karena ishvara-seva dridha-citta kari’


“That is why devotees renounce material endeavors and serve the Supreme Lord with firm determination.


“Considering all these points, the magnanimous devotees give up desires for and dependence on all material assets and engage in devotional service with full determination for the duration of their lives.”

CB Adi-khanda 13.176

TEXT 176

eteke chadiya vipra, sakala janjala

shri-krishna-carana giya bhajaha sakala


“Therefore, O brahmana, give up all materialistic association and immediately begin to worship the lotus feet of Lord Krishna.


“That is why you should give up the desire for external material advancement and begin to worship the lotus feet of Shri Radha-Govinda without wasting a moment.” Now that Shri Keshava Bhatta has given up the inappropriate purport of the six branches of philosophy that he was initiated into before receiving these instructions of Shri Gaurasundara, the ten verses composed by Shrila Nimbakacaryapada appeared in his memory by the mercy of Mahaprabhu. Gaurasundara’s instruction to serve Radha-Govinda inspired him with his predecessor gurus’ unexpressed emotions, which manifested in his heart in the form of verses. Since before receiving the Lord’s mercy Keshava Bhatta was indifferent to these verses composed by his predecessor gurus, he displayed negligence for the service of the lotus feet of Radha-Govinda and eagerness to accumulate material fame in the form of becoming a Digvijayi.

CB Adi-khanda 13.177

TEXT 177

yavat marana nahi upasanna haya

tavat sevaha krishna kariya nishcaya


“Up to the time of your death, serve Krishna with confidence.


One who rejects the worship of Krishna cannot properly explain the purport of Vedanta philosophy, one of the six branches of philosophy. Being initiated into all these instructions, the compiler of Krama-dipika instructed his disciples headed by Gangalya Bhatta about the process of worshiping Radha-Govinda. Later on, Keshava and other scholars of Kasmira left the subordination of Shriman Mahaprabhu and took to another path. Turning away from the mercy of Shriman Mahaprabhu, Keshava Kashmiri and other so-called followers of the Shri Nimbarka-sampradaya, as well as so-called scholars of the Shri Vallabha-sampradaya, rejected the most beneficial and pure lotus feet of Shriman Mahaprabhu, the worshipable Lord of the compiler of Krama-dipika, and took to another path. Both Shri Sanatana Gosvami and Shri Gopala Bhatöa Gosvami understood Kesavacarya, the compiler of Krama-dipika, as a recipient of Shriman Mahaprabhu’s mercy, and therefore they collected ingredients from his book in their compilation of Gaudiya Vaishnava smriti. Later on the followers of Keshava Kashmiri gave up the lotus feet of Mahaprabhu and attempted to establish their own independent sampradaya.

CB Adi-khanda 13.178-179

TEXTS 178-179

sei se vidyara phala janiha nishcaya

‘krishna-pada-padme yadi citta-vitta raya’

maha-upadesha ei kahilun tomare

 ‘sabe vishnu-bhakti satya ananta-samsare’


“Know without doubt that the goal of knowledge is to fix one’s mind on Krishna’s lotus feet. The best advice I can give you is that devotional service to the Supreme Lord Vishnu is the only substantial truth throughout all the worlds.”


Shri Gaurasundara said, “If the living entities engage all their knowledge, experience, and wealth in the service of Lord Hari, then they will attain supreme auspiciousness. This important instruction will permanently establish within this world the actual purport of serving Vishnu. All topics of this world will be changed and destroyed in due course of time, but the propensity for eternal service to the Supreme Lord will always remain intact.”

CB Adi-khanda 13.180

TEXT 180

eta bali’ mahaprabhu santoshita haiya

alingana karilena dvijere dhariya


After saying this, the Lord embraced the brahmana in satisfaction.

CB Adi-khanda 13.181

TEXT 181

paiya vaikunöha-nayakera alingana

viprera haila sarva-bandha-vimocana


Being embraced by the Lord of Vaikunöha, the brahmana was freed from all material bondage.

CB Adi-khanda 13.182

TEXT 182

prabhu bole,-“vipra, saba dambha parihari’

bhaja giya krishna, sarva-bhute daya kari’


Then the Lord said, “O brahmana, give up your pride, worship Krishna, and be merciful to all living entities.

CB Adi-khanda 13.183

TEXT 183

ye kichu tomare kahilena sarasvati

se sakala kichu na kahiba kanha’ prati


“What Sarasvati told you in confidence should not be told to anyone.

CB Adi-khanda 13.184

TEXT 184

veda-guhya kahile haya paramayu-kshaya

paraloke ta’ra manda janiha nishcaya”


“If one discloses topics that are more confidential than those of the Vedas, then know for certain that his duration of life is diminished and his advancement in the next life will be checked.”


If one reveals the confidential meaning of a mantra, he is not actually benefited in this world; rather, the speaker only gains a shortened lifespan for endeavoring to reveal the mystery. If one reveals the purport of the most confidential Vedic mantras to faithless persons, then those unfortunate persons will misuse the purport of the mantras by preaching mundane baula, sahajiya, and smarta philosophies as the path of devotional service. Therefore even the mistake of accepting an unqualified disciple yields adverse results.

CB Adi-khanda 13.185

TEXT 185

paiya prabhura ajna sei vipra-vara

prabhure kariya danda-pranama vistara


After receiving the Lord’s instructions, that best of brahmanas offered repeated obeisances to the Lord.

CB Adi-khanda 13.186

TEXT 186

punah punah pada-padma kariya vandana

maha-kritakritya hai’ calila brahmana


Then, after offering repeated obeisances to the Lord, the brahmana departed in great satisfaction.

CB Adi-khanda 13.187

TEXT 187

prabhura ajnaya bhakti, virakti, vijnana

sei-kshane vipra-dehe haila adhishöhana


On receiving the Lord’s instructions, renunciation, knowledge, and devotional service immediately manifested in the body of the brahmana.


Receiving the mercy of Shri Gaurasundara, Digvijayi Shri Keshava Bhaööa became completely successful. He offered his obeisances to Shriman Mahaprabhu’s lotus feet, knowing them to be the source of all auspiciousness. Being empowered by the Lord, Keshava Bhaööa simultaneously achieved great qualities such as service to the Lord, realization of the Absolute Truth, and detachment for activities not related to the Lord. Though he was initiated in the Vaishnava line, his descendants later on became bereft of Shri Gaura’s mercy. This pastime of converting the nondevotee Keshava Bhaööa into a devotee is most confidential, because up to that point Gaurasundara had not yet bestowed mercy on anyone in the world to advance in devotional service. The process of devotional service that Keshava Bhaööa achieved by receiving mercy from the lotus feet of Shri Gaura is being respected by his followers even today.

CB Adi-khanda 13.188

TEXT 188

kotha gela brahmanera digvijayi-dambha

trina haite adhika haila vipra namra


The Digvijayi’s pride was immediately destroyed, and he became more humble than a blade of grass.


Keshava Bhaööa gave up his pride as a Digvijayi and was initiated by the Lord into the trinad api sunica verse.

CB Adi-khanda 13.189-190

TEXTS 189-190

hasti, ghoda, dola, dhana, yateka sambhara

patrasat kariya sarvasva apanara

calilena digvijayi haiya asanga

hena-mata shri-gauranga-sundarera ranga


He then gave all his elephants, horses, palanquins, wealth, and whatever other assets he had in charity to suitable persons. In this way the Digvijayi continued his travels as a detached person. Such are the pastimes of Shri Gaurasundara.


The phrase patrasat kariya indicates that after donating his possessions to other appropriate persons, he personally became renounced, or free from all material possessions.

CB Adi-khanda 13.191

TEXT 191

tahana kripara ei svabhavika dharma

rajya-pada chadi’ kare bhikshukera karma


The natural characteristics of His mercy is that a person renounces even the position of a king to take the position of a mendicant.


The devotees of Shri Gaurasundara actually follow in His footsteps by giving up their name and fame to accept the role of beggars (tridandi-sannyasis). In other words, they give up the pride of kshatriyas and vaishyas and become established in brahminical principles. The gaura-nagaris and other apa-sampradayas like the householder baulas transform ingredients meant for the service of Shri Gaurasundara into items for their own enjoyment. Such endeavors are extremely adverse to the devotional service of Gaura.

CB Adi-khanda 13.192

TEXT 192

kali-yuge ta’ra sakshi shri-dabira-khasa

rajya-pada chadi’ yan’ra aranye vilasa


The prime example of this in Kali-yuga is Shri Dabira Khasa, who left a kingdom to live in the forest.


One should discuss the following verse from Chaitanya-caritamrita (Antya 6.220) in this regard: “Renunciation is the basic principle sustaining the lives of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s devotees. Seeing this renunciation, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is extremely satisfied.”


Shri Dabira Khasa gave up his previous worldly name and accepted the name “Shrila Rupa Gosvami” given by Shri Gaurasundara. This is the prime example of undergoing the third of the five samskaras required for initiated Vaishnavas.


The words aranye vilasa refer to residing in the forest of Vrindavana. While residing in Vrindavana in this way, there are no desires for enjoying material sense gratification like the sahajiyas.

CB Adi-khanda 13.193

TEXT 193

ye vibhava nimitta jagate kamya kare

paiya o krishna-dasa taha parihare


Even when Krishna’s servants obtain that for which everyone in the world works hard, they easily give it up.


The transcendental devotees never admire the opulences that ordinary materialists achieve while following in the footsteps of the smartas.

CB Adi-khanda 13.194

TEXT 194

tavat rajyadi-pada ‘sukha’ kari’ mane

bhakti-sukha-mahima yavat nahi jane


One finds happiness in kingly opulences only when he does not know the glorious happiness derived from devotional service.


Until the natural propensity of inclination towards the service of the Supreme Lord awakens in one’s heart, it is true that the need for achieving desirable objects is felt in the hearts of conditioned souls. But self-realized liberated souls know that material sense objects are useless, so they become indifferent to material advancement or prosperity. The body and mind that consider aversion to the Lord as most relishable search after material enjoyment. As soon as the conditioned soul’s eternal constitutional duty of service to the Supreme Lord is covered by forgetfulness of his constitutional position, material enjoyment becomes his only desired goal. But when the living entity awakens to his eternal duty of service to the Supreme Lord, the activities of sense enjoyment appear to him as temporary and unpalatable. In the prayers of Lord Brahma found in the conversation between Vidura and Maitreya in Shrimad Bhagavatam (3.9.6) it is stated: “O my Lord, the people of the world are embarrassed by all material anxieties-they are always afraid. They always try to protect wealth, body and friends, they are filled with lamentation and unlawful desires and paraphernalia, and they avariciously base their undertakings on the perishable conceptions of ‘I’ and ‘mine.’ As long as they do not take shelter of Your safe lotus feet, they are full of such anxieties.”

CB Adi-khanda 13.195

TEXT 195

rajyadi sukhera katha, se thakuka dure

moksha-sukho ‘alpa’ mane krishna-anucare


Leaving talks of happiness from kingly opulence far aside, the devotees of Krishna consider even the happiness derived from liberation as insignificant.


When the inclination for serving the Supreme Lord is awakened in the hearts of pure devotees, they think that the four goals of human life-religiosity, economic development, sense gratification, and liberation-are simply cheating, duplicitous, or deceitful. In this regard one should see the purport to the Adi-khanda, Chapter Eight, verse 79.

CB Adi-khanda 13.196

TEXT 196

ishvarera shubha drishöi vina kichu nahe

ataeva ishvara-bhajana vede kahe


Nothing is obtained without the Lord’s merciful glance, therefore the Vedas enjoin one to worship the Supreme Lord.


Endeavors other than service to the Supreme Lord are prominent in persons who are full of anarthas due to ignorance. Only by the mercy of the Lord does a living entity become self-realized, and as a result, he understands that service to the Lord is his only duty. This has been revealed by the Vedic literatures to their followers in the following verse from Shvetashvatara Upanishad (6.23):

yasya deve para bhaktir      yatha deve tatha gurau

tasyaite kathita hy arthah      prakashante mahatmanah

“Only unto those great souls who have implicit faith in both the Lord and the spiritual master are all the imports of Vedic knowledge automatically revealed.”


And Shri Madhvacarya quotes the following verse from the “Maöhara” shruti in his commentary on Vedanta-sutra (3.3.53):

bhaktir evainam nayati      bhaktir evainam darshayati

bhakti-vashah purusho      bhaktir eva bhuyasi

“Bhakti leads the living entity to the Lord, and enables him to see the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The Lord is controlled by bhakti. Bhakti is best of all.”

CB Adi-khanda 13.197

TEXT 197

hena-mate digvijayi paila mocana

hena gaurasundarera adbhuta kathana


The Digvijayi was thus delivered from material life. Such are the wonderful narrations of Shri Gaurasundara.

CB Adi-khanda 13.198

TEXT 198

digvijayi jinilena shri-gaurasundare

shunilena iha saba nadiya-nagare


Soon everyone in Navadvipa heard that Shri Gaurasundara defeated the Digvijayi.

CB Adi-khanda 13.199

TEXT 199

sakala lokera haila mahashcarya-jnana

“nimai-pandita haya maha-vidyavan


People were all astonished, and they said, “Nimai Pandita is a great scholar.

CB Adi-khanda 13.200

TEXT 200

digvijayi hariya calila ya’ra öhani

eta bada pandita ara kotha shuni nai


“He has even defeated the Digvijayi. We have never heard of such a learned scholar as Nimai.


Commentary and Chapter Summaries of His Divine Grace Om Vishnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya Shri Shrimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada.