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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Chaitanya Bhagavata > Caitanya Bhagavata with Commentaries > Adi-khanda > 11-Meeting with Sri Isvara Puri > Adi-khanda 11/51-127

Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata

Adi-khanda -


Vyasa Avatara Shrila Vrindavana dasa Thakura

Chapter Eleven: Meeting with Shri Ishvara Puri



CB Adi-khanda 11.101

TEXT 101

padaiya padiya thakura sandhya-kale

ishvara-purire namaskaribare cale


After studying and teaching, the Lord went in the evening to offer His obeisances to Ishvara Puri.

CB Adi-khanda 11.102

TEXT 102

prabhu dekhi’ shri-ishvara-puri harashita

‘prabhu’ hena na janena, tabu bada prita


Ishvara Puri was happy to see Nimai, and though he did not know Him as the Supreme Lord, he still had love for Him.

CB Adi-khanda 11.103

TEXT 103

hasiya bolena,-“tumi parama-pandita

ami punthi kariyachi krishnera carita


Ishvara Puri smiled and said, “You are a big scholar. I’ve written a book about the characteristics of Lord Krishna.

CB Adi-khanda 11.104

TEXT 104

sakala baliba,-kotha thake kon dosha?

ihate amara bada parama-santosha”


“I would be most satisfied if You would tell me if there is any fault in it.”

CB Adi-khanda 11.105

TEXT 105

prabhu bole,-“bhakta-vakya krishnera varnana

ihate ye dosha dekhe, se-i ‘papi’ jana


The Lord replied, “Whoever finds fault in a devotee’s description of Lord Krishna is a sinful person.

CB Adi-khanda 11.106

TEXT 106

bhaktera kavitva ye-te-mate kene naya

sarvatha krishnera priti tahate nishcaya


“Krishna is certainly pleased with His devotee’s poetry, even though it is imperfectly composed.

CB Adi-khanda 11.107

TEXT 107

murkha bole ‘vishnaya’, ‘vishnave’ bole dhira

dui vakya parigraha kare krishna vira


“An uneducated person may chant vishnaya, while a sober person will chant the proper form, vishnave, but the Supreme Lord Krishna will accept both forms when they are chanted with devotion.


To Lord Krishna, a pandita expert in correct language and someone ignorant of correct language are both equal. Of the two, Krishna bestows more mercy on the one who has more enthusiasm for the service of Krishna. Krishna, the omniscient Supersoul of every living entity, is not guilty of the fault of partiality. So-called learned persons who are devoid of devotion proudly consider themselves learned as they reveal their foolishness by pointing out faults in the transcendental language of the pure devotees. The Supreme Lord and master of Sarasvati confirms the foolishness of the so-called learned offenders who are envious of the devotees at every step. Thus their pride of learning is diminished. Due to the absence of realization in the Absolute Truth, Shri Krishna Chaitanya, they belch forth mundane knowledge of sense enjoyment. This is the cause of their disease and falldown.

CB Adi-khanda 11.108

TEXT 108

murkho vadati vishnaya      dhiro vadati vishnave

ubhayos tu samam punyam      bhava-grahi janardanah


“At the time of offering obeisances to Lord Vishnu, a foolish person chants vishnaya namah (this is improper due to faulty grammar) and a learned person chants vishnave namah (this is the correct form). But both achieve equal piety by their offering of obeisances, because Lord Shri Janardana sees the sentiment of the living being, in other words, He sees the degree of devotion, or in other words, He awards the result accordingly (He does not see one’s foolishness or intelligence).

CB Adi-khanda 11.109

TEXT 109

ihate ye dosha dekhe, tahara se dosha

bhaktera varnana-matra krishnera santosha


“One who finds fault with a devotee is himself at fault, for a devotee’s descriptions are meant only for the pleasure of Krishna.

CB Adi-khanda 11.110

TEXT 110

ataeva tomara se premera varnana

ihate dushibeka kon sahasika jana?”


“Therefore who will dare find fault with your devotional descriptions of Krishna’s pastimes?”

CB Adi-khanda 11.111

TEXT 111

shuniya ishvara-puri prabhura uttara

amrita-sincita haila sarva-kalevara


Hearing Nimai’s reply was like a shower of nectar on the body of Ishvara Puri.

CB Adi-khanda 11.112

TEXT 112

punah hasi’ bolena,-“tomara dosha nai

avashya baliba, dosha thake yei thani”


He then smiled and said, “You will not be at fault, but You must tell me if there is any error in the book.”

CB Adi-khanda 11.113

TEXT 113

ei-mata prati-dina prabhu ta’na sange

vicara karena dui cari danda range


Thereafter Nimai would daily sit with Ishvara Puri for one or two hours to discuss his book.

CB Adi-khanda 11.114-119

TEXTS 114-119

eka-dina prabhu ta’na kavitva shuniya

hasi’ dushilena, “dhatu na lage” baliya

prabhu bole,-“e dhatu ‘atmanepadi’ naya”

baliya calila prabhu apana-alaya


ishvara-puri o sarva-shastrete pandita

vidya-rasa-vicare o bada harashita

prabhu gele sei ‘dhatu’ karena vicara

siddhanta karena tanhi ashesha-prakara


sei ‘dhatu’ karena ‘atmanepadi’ nama

ara dine prabhu gele, karena vyakhyana

“ye dhatu ‘parasmaipadi’ bali’ gela tumi

taha ei sadhilun ‘atmanepadi’ ami”


After hearing his poetry one day, the Lord smiled and said, “The verb root of this sentence is incorrect. The atmanepadi form should not be used here.” After saying this, the Lord returned home. Ishvara Puri was a learned scholar in the scriptures, and he enjoyed analyzing scholastic topics. After Nimai left, Ishvara Puri considered the verb root that he had used and came to a conclusion from many different angles. He left the verb in its atmanepadi form, and when Nimai came the next day, he explained, “I have concluded that the verb that You said yesterday should be parasmaipadi should remain atmanepadi.”


Dhatus are verb roots that indicate actions. When mixed with the ten inflective classes beginning with lat they produce the various tenses and moods. Considering each verb in the three persons and three numbers results in nine forms for each tense and mood. Some of these roots are atmanepadi, and some are parasmaipadi; and apart from these, some are ubhayapadi. The parasmaipadi roots have 90 forms, and there are the same number of atmanepadi forms. Thus altogether there are 180 forms of these two kinds of roots.


Since Nimai Pandita said that the form of the root in the verse spoken by Ishvara Puri was not atmanepadi, Ishvara Puripada concluded that according to grammar the form of the root was ubhayapadi. Therefore there was no fault in using the atmanepadi form of the root.

CB Adi-khanda 11.120

TEXT 120

vyakhyana shuniya prabhu parama-santosha

bhritya-jaya-nimitta na dena ara dosha


When the Lord heard his explanation, He was most satisfied with His servant’s victory and He did not find any further fault.

CB Adi-khanda 11.121

TEXT 121

‘sarva kala prabhu badayena bhritya-jaya’

ei ta’na svabhava sakala vede kaya


The Vedas declare that the Lord by nature always expands His devotees’ glories by making them victorious.

CB Adi-khanda 11.122

TEXT 122

ei-mata kata-dina vidya-rasa-range

achila ishvara-puri gauracandra-sange


In this way Ishvara Puri passed a few months enjoying scholastic pastimes with Shri Gaurachandra.

CB Adi-khanda 11.123

TEXT 123

bhakti-rase cancala-ekatra nahe sthiti

paryatane calila pavitra kari’ kshiti


Ishvara Puri, however, would not remain in one place due to the restless nature of his ecstatic love. He thus went out on pilgrimage to purify the earth.


After purifying the town of Navadvipa, Shri Ishvara Puripada went elsewhere for the service of Krishna. Such traveling to different places by the maha-bhagavatas is considered restlessness by fools. But those who have strong enthusiasm for serving Krishna are not solicitors of material objects for sense gratification like the ordinary materialistic fools.

CB Adi-khanda 11.124

TEXT 124

ye shunaye ishvara-purira punya-katha

ta’na vasa haya krishna-pada-padma yatha


Whoever hears the auspicious topics about Shri Ishvara Puri lives at the lotus feet of Lord Krishna.

CB Adi-khanda 11.125-126

TEXTS 125-126

yata prema madhavendra-purira sharire

santoshe dilena saba ishvara-purire

paiya gurura prema krishnera prasade

bhramena ishvara-puri ati nirvirodhe


Shri Madhavendra Puri happily gave the complete treasure of his ecstatic love to Shri Ishvara Puri. By the mercy of Krishna, Shri Ishvara Puri obtained love of God from his spiritual master, so he traveled free from all anxieties.


A description of Shri Ishvara Puripada’s respectful and unalloyed service to his spiritual master, Shri Madhavendra Puripada, and the attainment of his mercy is found in the Chaitanya-caritamrita (Antya 8.26-30).

CB Adi-khanda 11.127

TEXT 127

shri krishna-chaitanya nityananda-canda jana

vrindavana dasa tachu pada-yuge gana


Accepting Shri Chaitanya and Nityananda Prabhu as my life and soul, I, Vrindavana dasa, sing the glories of Their lotus feet.


Thus ends this English translation of the Gaudiya-bhashya commentary on Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata, Adi-khanda, Chapter Eleven, entitled, “Meeting with Shri Ishvara Puri.”