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Vyasa Avatara Shrila Vrindavana dasa Thakura
Chapter Ten: Marriage with Shri Lakshmipriya
CB Adi-khanda 10.51
hena mate donhe cini’ donhe ghare gela
ke bujhite pare gaurasundarera khela?
After recognizing each other in this way, they both returned to their homes. Who can understand the pastimes of Lord Gaurasundara?
CB Adi-khanda 10.52
ishvara-icchaya vipra vanamali nama
sei dina gela tenho shacidevi-sthana
By the Lord’s will, that very day a brahmana named Vanamali went to the house of mother Shaci.
CB Adi-khanda 10.53
namaskari’ aire vasila dvija-vara
asana dilena ai kariya adara
That respected brahmana offered mother Shaci his obeisances, and she respectfully offered him a seat.
CB Adi-khanda 10.54
aire bolena tabe vanamali acarya
“putra-vivahera kene na cintaha karya?
Vanamali Acarya then asked Shaci, “Why aren’t you thinking about arranging your son’s marriage?
Vanamali Ghataka is described in Gaura-ganoddesha-dipika (49) as follows: “The matchmaker Shri Vishvamitra, who arranged the marriage of Shri Ramacandra and who was the brahmana messenger that Rukmini sent to Keshava, has now appeared as Vanamali Acarya.”
CB Adi-khanda 10.55
vallabha-acarya kule shile sadacare
nirdoshe vaisena navadvipera bhitare
“In Navadvipa resides one Vallabhacarya, who is born in an exalted family. He is pure, well-behaved, and decorated with many good qualities.
CB Adi-khanda 10.56
ta’na kanya-lakshmi-praya rupe shile mane
se sambandha kara yadi iccha haya mane”
“He has a daughter whose beauty, qualities, and temperament are as good as Lakshmi. If you wish I will arrange their marriage.”
CB Adi-khanda 10.57
ai bole,-“pitri-hina balaka amara
jiuka, paduka age, tabe karya ara”
Mother Shaci replied, “My son is fatherless. Leave Him alone to study for some time. Later I will consider.”
CB Adi-khanda 10.58
aira kathaya vipra ‘rasa’ na paiya
calilena vipra kichu duhkhita haiya
The brahmana was not satisfied with Shaci’s answer and therefore left disappointed.
It is stated by Hemacandra: “The word rasa refers to water, semen, the five superior rasas such as shringara, the seven inferior rasas such as vira, as well as the poison of creatures like snakes, the sentiments by which one’s heart melts, ragas (tunes), the art of painting, the constituents of the body, the six tastes such as bitter, and mercury.” According to mundane alankara-shastra: When the happiness of the mind, sthayi-bhava, or permanent ecstasy (or rati), is nourished by ingredients such as vibhavas, or special ecstasies, it produces an indescribable ecstatic transformation called rasa. Rasas are of nine varieties-shringara or adi (conjugal), vira (chivalry), karuna (compassion), adbhuta (wonder), hasya (laughter), bhayanaka (fear), bibhatsa (disaster), raudra (anger), and shanta (neutrality). According to another opinion there are ten varieties-the above, plus vatsalya, or parenthood. One should also consider the meanings of the heart’s desire, the confidential meaning or purport, happiness, ecstasy or loving sentiments, as well as the word rasa in the words svarasa or svarasya, which refers to the intention or desire.
According to the transcendental alankara-shastra, Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu:
vyatitya bhavana-vartma yash camatkara-bhara-bhuh
hridi sattvojjvale badham svadate sa raso matah
“That which is beyond imagination, heavy with wonder, and relished in the heart illumined with goodness-such is known as rasa.”
sthayi bhavo ‘tra sa proktah shri-krishna-vishaya ratih
“Continuous ecstatic love for Krishna is called permanent ecstasy.”
Mother Shaci neglected or ignored the proposal for Nimai’s marriage suggested by the best of the matchmakers, Vanamali Acarya, and changed the topic of conversation. Therefore Vanamali did not get any rasa from Shaci’s words, rather he perceived an absence of rasa or dry shanta-rasa, that is, he perceived an indifferent unchangeable mood. That is why in ordinary alankara literature dry shanta-rasa is not actually accepted as rasa, because it is devoid of the reciprocation of feelings, as stated: shamasya nirvikaratvan natya-jnair naisha manyate-“Due to the unchanging nature of shama-bhava (shanta-rasa), learned persons do not accept it as a rasa.”
CB Adi-khanda 10.59
daive pathe dekha haila gauracandra-sange
ta’re dekhi’ alingana kaila prabhu range
As he left, by providence he met Gaurachandra, who happily embraced him.
CB Adi-khanda 10.60
prabhu bole,-“kaha, giyachile kon bhite?”
dvija bole,-“tomara janani sambhashite
The Lord inquired, “Tell me, where have you been?” The brahmana replied, “I was speaking with Your mother.
CB Adi-khanda 10.61
tomara vivaha lagi’ balilana ta’ne
na jani’ shuniya shraddha na kailena kene?”
“I offered her a proposal for Your marriage, but for some reason I don’t understand, she refused.”
CB Adi-khanda 10.62
shuni’ ta’na vacana ishvara mauna haila
hasi’ ta’re sambhashiya mandire aila
Hearing his words, Nimai remained silent for a moment. He then smiled and spoke a little more with the brahmana before returning to His house.
CB Adi-khanda 10.63
jananire hasiya bolena seikshane
“acaryere sambhasha na kaile bhala kene?”
When the Lord got home, He asked His mother, “Why didn’t you respect the brahmana’s proposal?”
CB Adi-khanda 10.64
putrera ingita pai’ shaci harashita
ara dine vipre ani’ kahilena katha
Mother Shaci was pleased to receive an indication from her son. The next day she called the brahmana to her home.
CB Adi-khanda 10.65
shaci bole,-“vipra, kali ye kahila tumi
shighra taha karaha,-kahinu ei ami”
Shaci said, “O brahmana, I’ve decided that you may immediately arrange what you proposed yesterday.”
CB Adi-khanda 10.66
aira carana-dhuli laiya brahmana
seikshane calilena vallabha-bhavana
The brahmana took the dust from mother Shaci’s feet and immediately left for the house of Vallabhacarya.
CB Adi-khanda 10.67
vallabha-acarya dekhi’ sambhrame tahane
bahu-mana kari’ vasailena asane
On seeing the brahmana, Vallabha offered him a seat with great respect.
CB Adi-khanda 10.68
acarya bolena,-“shuna, amara vacana
kanya-vivahera ebe kara’ su-lagana
Vanamali Acarya said, “Please hear me. Choose an auspicious day for the marriage of your daughter.
The word su-lagana means “an auspicious time.” The portion of the zodiac that appears on the eastern horizon at a particular time is called the udaya-lagna, or rising sign. Since the zodiac is divided into twelve, each part is known as a lagna.
CB Adi-khanda 10.69
parama-pandita, sarva-gunera sagara
“The son of Jagannatha Mishra, Shri Vishvambhara, is highly learned and an ocean of good qualities.
CB Adi-khanda 10.70
tomara kanyara yogya sei mahashaya
kahilana ei, kara yadi citte laya
“This great personality is the proper match for your daughter. Now you decide what you would like to do.”
CB Adi-khanda 10.71
shuniya vallabhacarya bolena harishe
“sehena kanyara pati mile bhagyavashe
Vallabhacarya joyfully replied, “Such a husband for my daughter is achieved by great fortune.
CB Adi-khanda 10.72-73
krishna yadi suprasanna hayena amare
athava kamala-gauri santushta kanyare
tabe se se hena asi’ milibe jamata
avilambe tumi iha karaha sarvatha
“If Krishna is pleased with me and Lakshmi and Parvati are pleased with my daughter, then I will blessed with such a husband for my daughter. You may arrange everything without delay.
CB Adi-khanda 10.74
sabe eka vacana balite lajja pai
ami se nirdhana, kichu dite shakti nai
“But I have one request that I am embarrassed to disclose. I am poor and have no means to offer a dowry.
CB Adi-khanda 10.75
kanya-matra diba panca-haritaki diya
sabe ei ajna tumi anibe magiya”
“I can offer only five haritaki [myrobalan] fruits along with my daughter. Please beg their consent.”
CB Adi-khanda 10.76
vallabha-mishrera vakya shuniya acarya
santoshe aila siddhi kari’ sarva karya
Hearing the words of Vallabha Mishra, Vanamali Acarya happily completed all the formalities.
CB Adi-khanda 10.77
siddhi-katha asiya kahila ai-sthane
“saphala haila karya kara’ shubha-kshane”
He then returned to mother Shaci’s house and informed mother Shaci, “The formalities have been completed. Now you may choose an auspicious time for the ceremony.”
CB Adi-khanda 10.78
apta loka shuni’ sabe harashita haila
sabei udyoga asi’ karite lagila
When the Lord’s relatives heard the news, they joyfully began to make arrangements.
CB Adi-khanda 10.79
adhivasa-lagna karilena shubha-dine
nritya, gita, nana vadya va’ya nata-gane
On an auspicious day they held the Adhivasa ceremony, during which people danced and sang while musicians played various instruments.
The rituals in which sandalwood pulp and flower garlands are offered the day before an auspicious ceremony is called Adhivasa.
CB Adi-khanda 10.80
catur-dike dvija-gana kare veda-dhvani
madhye candra-sama vasilena dvija-mani
All around the brahmanas recited Vedic hymns as Nimai, the jewel of the twice-born, appeared like the moon in their midst.
While performing the ritualistic ceremonies and purificatory rites prescribed in the griha-sutras, Vedic mantras are recited. Udvaha, or the marriage ceremony, is one of the forty-eight, sixteen, or ten samskaras.
CB Adi-khanda 10.81
ishvarere gandha-malya diya shubha-kshane
adhivasa karilena apta-vipra-gane
At an auspicious moment the relatives and brahmanas offered sandalwood pulp and flower garlands to the Lord, thereby completing the Adhivasa ceremony.
CB Adi-khanda 10.82
divya gandha, candana, tambula, mala diya
brahmana-ganere tushilena harsha haiya
The relatives also satisfied the brahmanas by offering them sandalwood pulp, betel nuts, and flower garlands.
CB Adi-khanda 10.83
vallabha-acarya asi’ yatha-vidhi-rupe
adhivasa karaiya gelena kautuke
Following tradition, Vallabhacarya also came and joyfully took part in the Adhivasa ceremony.
CB Adi-khanda 10.84
prabhate uthiya prabhu kari’ snana-dana
pitri-gane pujilena kariya samana
After Nimai woke the next morning, He took bath, gave charity, and respectfully worshiped His forefathers.
CB Adi-khanda 10.85
nritya-gita-vadye maha uthila mangala
catur-dike ‘leha-deha’ shuni kolahala
Auspicious sounds of singing, dancing, and musical instruments filled the atmosphere. Everywhere excited people were calling out, “Take this! Give that!”
CB Adi-khanda 10.86
kata va milila asi’ pati-vrata-gana
kateka va ishta mitra brahmana sajjana
Many chaste women, well-wishers, friends, and respected brahmanas graced the function.
CB Adi-khanda 10.87
khai, kala, sindura, tambula, taila diya
stri-ganere ai tushilena harsha hana
Mother Shaci happily satisfied the ladies with puffed rice, bananas, vermilion, betel, and oil.
CB Adi-khanda 10.88
prabhura vivahe asi’ achena kautuke
Demigods and their wives took the form of humans and also happily attended the Lord’s marriage.
CB Adi-khanda 10.89
vallabha-acarya ei-mata vidhi-krame
karilena deva-pitri-karya harsha-mane
Vallabhacarya joyfully worshiped the demigods and forefathers according to Vedic injunctions.
CB Adi-khanda 10.90
tabe prabhu shubha-kshane go-dhuli-samaye
yatra kari’ ailena mishrera alaye
At an auspicious time, at dusk, the Lord arrived at the house of Vallabhacarya.
The phrase go-dhuli-samaya refers to the time of sunset when the herds of cows return to the goshala and the dust from their hooves covers the sky. Generally this is a suitable for auspicious activities like marriage. This time has three symptoms: (1) in autumn and winter season when the sun rays are mild and the sun appears to be red ball, (2) in summer and spring season when the sun is setting and only half of it is visible, and (3) in rainy and fall season when the sun becomes invisible after setting.
CB Adi-khanda 10.91
prabhu asileha matra, mishra goshthi-sane
ananda-sagare magna haila sabe mane
As soon as the Lord arrived, Vallabhacarya and his associates drown in an ocean of bliss.
CB Adi-khanda 10.92
sambhrame asana diya yatha-vidhi-rupe
jamatare vasaila parama-kautuke
He then respectfully offered a seat to his son-in-law and welcomed Him according to Vedic injunctions.
CB Adi-khanda 10.93
sheshe sarva-alankare kariya bhushita
lakshmi-kanya anilena prabhura samipa
Vallabhacarya then had his beautifully decorated daughter brought before the Lord.
CB Adi-khanda 10.94
hari-dhvani sarva-loke lagila karite
tulilena sabhe lakshmire prithvi haite
Everyone began to chant the names of Hari as they lifted Lakshmi off the ground.
CB Adi-khanda 10.95
tabe lakshmi pradakshina kari’ sapta-bara
yoda-haste rahilena kari’ namaskara
Then Lakshmi was carried around Nimai seven times. As they placed her before Him, she offered Him obeisances with folded hands.
CB Adi-khanda 10.96
tabe sheshe haila pushpa-mala-phela-pheli
lakshmi-narayana donhe maha-kutuhali
As they finally exchanged flower garlands, Lakshmi and the original Narayana were both greatly pleased.
CB Adi-khanda 10.97
divya-mala diya lakshmi prabhura carane
namaskari’ karilena atma-samarpane
After Lakshmi offered flower garlands at the feet of the Lord, she offered Him obeisances with full surrender.
CB Adi-khanda 10.98
sarva-dike maha jaya-jaya-hari-dhvani
uthila paramananda, ara nahi shuni
All that could be heard was the ecstatic chanting of “All glories to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Hari!”
CB Adi-khanda 10.99
hena-mate shri-mukha-candrika kari’ rase
vasilena prabhu, lakshmi kari vama-pashe
In this way, after they performed the ceremony of seeing each other’s face for the first time, the Lord sat down with Lakshmi on His left.
CB Adi-khanda 10.100
prathama-vayasa prabhu jinina madana
vama-pashe lakshmi vasilena seikshana
The Lord’s fresh youthful beauty defeated that of Cupid, as Lakshmi then sat at His left side.
Commentary and Chapter Summaries of His Divine Grace Om Vishnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya Shri Shrimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada.