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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > Compiled and Imp Scriptures > Chaitanya Bhagavata > Caitanya Bhagavata with Commentaries > Adi-khanda > 1-Summary of Lord Gaura's Pastimes > Summary

Chapter One: Summary of Lord Gaura’s Pastimes




          The first five verses of this chapter are the mangalacarana, or auspicious invocation verses. In the first verse the author offers his respects to both Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu. In the second verse he offers obeisances to only Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In the third verse the author discloses the confidential knowledge that Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is nondifferent from Shri Krishna, the son of Yashoda, and Nityananda Prabhu is nondifferent from Shri Balarama, the son of Rohini. In the fourth verse the author glorifies the form, qualities, and pastimes of Shri Chaitanyacandra. In the fifth verse the author glorifies the pastimes and characteristics of Shri Chaitanya’s devotees. In the beginning of the book, prayers are offered to the devotees and the worship of devotees is described as superior to the worship of the Supreme Lord. The author then offers obeisances to the original Sankarshana, Shri Nityananda-Baladeva, who is not only his spiritual master but who in His incarnation as Sankarshana, or Ananta, serves Shri Krishna Chaitanya in ten different forms and who as Shesha constantly glorifies the qualities of Shri Krishna Chaitanya with His thousands of mouths as He holds the universes on His heads. Shri Nityananda Prabhu is worshipable by even Lord Mahadeva, the greatest of the demigods, therefore He is jagad-guru, the spiritual master of the entire universe, and only by His mercy can one attain the eternal service of Shri Krishna Chaitanya. The author also establishes that Lord Balarama’s rasa-lila is eternal, like that of Lord Krishna, and he cites evidence from the Shrimad Bhagavatam in order to refute oposing views, which are contrary to the conclusions of the scriptures. While describing the glories of Lord Balarama, the author explains that although Balarama is nondifferent from Krishna, the son of Maharaja Nanda, He nevertheless serves Krishna by accepting various forms such as His friend, brother, camara, bed, house, umbrella, clothes, ornaments, and seat. The truths regarding Nityananda-Baladeva, like those of Gaura-Krishna, are difficult for even Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva to understand. In His form as Shesha, Lord Balarama supports the entire universe and constantly glorifies the characteristics of Lord Krishna with His thousand mouths. Shri Nityananda Prabhu is that same Lord Balarama. In other words, Shri Baladeva, who is the original Sankarshana, is Lord Nityananda. Other than by taking shelter of His lotus feet, there is no means for a living entity to gain freedom from material existence and attain the service of Gaura-Krishna. The author composed Shri Chaitanya-mangala or bhagavata by the order and mercy of Shri Nityananda Prabhu. He did not exhibit any pride by presenting this great work, rather he humbly states that living entities who are under the clutches of maya cannot possibly describe by their own endeavor the topics of the Lord, who is the controller of maya. Out of His causeless mercy, the Supreme Lord personally manifests in the heart of a living entity who has received the mercy of the spiritual master.


In this book the pastimes of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu have been described in three divisions: (1) the Adi-khanda, mainly comprising the Lord’s scholastic pastimes, (2) the Madhya-khanda, mainly comprising the inauguration of the sankirtana movement, and (3) the Antya-khanda, mainly comprising the Lord’s distribution of the holy names as a sannyasi in Nilacala. This chapter concludes with a summary of the contents of the entire book.


Commentary and Chapter Summaries of His Divine Grace Om Vishnupada Paramahamsa Parivrajakacarya Shri Shrimad Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Gosvami Prabhupada.