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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Vraja Mandala > Vraja Mandala Parikrama > 32. NANDAGRAM



Krishna lived here from the age of 7 to 10. Nanda Maharaja built his house on top of the large hill here to protect Krishna from the demons sent by King Kansa. Nanda Maharaja and the other  cowherd men decided to move from Gokula to here because of the disturbances caused by demons trying to kill Krishna.The hill that the main temple is on is called Nandisvara Hill. Lord Siva  prayed to Krishna to be allowed to witness his transcendental pastimes. After Lord Siva performed penances for many centuries Lord Krishna asked him what he wanted. He told Krishna that he  wanted to be a mountain in Vrindavana so that the gopis would step on him and they would leave the dust of their feet on him. Krishna granted him this boon and Lord Siva became this hill.  Nandagram is built upon him.Parjanya Maharaja, the grandfather of Krishna, was instructed by Narada Muni to come to Nandisvara Hill. He performed austerities here for many years. After this,  Prajanya stayed here with his family. Nanda Maharaja and hisi community lived in Nandagram before Krishna appeared. There was a meeting of the residents led by Upananda, the elder brother  of Nanda Maharaja, and they decided to go to Gokula. After Krishna became seven years old the family moved back to here.When Krishna and Balarama came to Nandagram this was the first  time they took out the cows for grazing. Before coming to Nandagram they only took out the calves for grazing. Most of the gopis got married in Nandagram, Varsana or Javat. At one time there  were many kundas in the area of Nandagram, but many of the kundas have disappeared.


How to Get Here: Nandagram is 48 km (29 miles) northwest of Vrindavana. The name of the town at Nandagram is Nandagoan. The easiest way to get here is to take a taxi, which takes about an  hour. To get here by public transportation from Vrindavana you first take a public bus to the town of Kosi (40 km) and from there you take a tempo to Nandagaon, which is 8 km away. The Braja  Darsana bus comes here after stopping in Varsana. This bus departs at 8 am from the Vrindavana bus stand and also stops near the front of the ISKCON temple.


Practicalities in Visiting Nandagram


The parikrama (circumambulation path) of Nandagram is 6 km. The panda guides are very persistent. If you talk to any of them or take anything from them, you should expect to give a donation.  There is a dharamshala (a basic hotel for pilgrims) across from Lalita-Kunda, on the road that goes to Varsana.Getting Around: The Nandagram temple is on top of the main hill (which is called  Nandisvara hill) here. The village that is on and surrounding the hill is called Nandagaon. Pavana Sarovara is north of the hill. Further north is Moti-Kunda.Directly south of the hill is the main  village area. The Narasimhadeva temple and Yasoda's yoghurt pot are in this area. Further south, in the outskirts of the village, is Yasoda-Kunda and Nanda-Kunda. To the east of the Nandisvara  hill, just across the road next to the hill, is Lalita-Kunda. A little south of Lalita-Kunda is Uddhava Kyari, East of Nandagram, about 1˝ km into the fields, is Ter Kadamba, which is a fairly difficult  place to get to. Charan Pahari, where the footprints to Krishna are enshrined, is west and a little south of Nandisvara hill. About a kilometer west of Nandagram is Vrinda-Kunda, which is located  in a secluded place.


Nanda Bhavan or Nandagram Temple


There are two black marble Deities of Krishna and Balarama in this temple. They are both in threefold bending forms, holding flutes. On their left and right are two tall deities of Yasoda and Nanda  Maharaja. Next to the deity of Mother Yasoda is a deity of Srimati Radharani and next to Nanda Maharaja are two of Krishna's friends, Sudama and Madhumangala. The deities in this temple were  originally installed by Vajranabha.On the ceiling of the inner dome of this temple are many paintings depicting Krishna's pastimes. Many people visit this temple.How to Get Here: This temple is  on the top of the hill and you can see it clearly from the road.


Nandisvara Temple


On the side altar of the Nandagram Temple there is a Sivalinga called (Nandiswara), who is said to have been installed by Vajranabha. This linga of Lord Siva resides eternally in Nandagram  performing bhajan (worship) to Sri Krishna. This is one of the five presiding Siva-lingas of Braja. These Siva-lingas protect the holy dhama from any disturbing elements.Once Lord Siva came to  the house of Nanda and Yasoda and asked to see child Krishna. When Yasoda saw his frightening appearance (Lord Siva has ashes, snakes and bones on him) she would not allow him to  enter. He tried to persuade her but she would not agree. Lord Siva then left and went to the forest to meditate on Krishna.In the house, child Krishna started to cry and no one could stop him.  Mother Yasoda realized that may be because she did not receive a guest properly there was some reaction. She then sent everyone to go find the tantric yogi who had come to her house earlier.  After a short while they returned with Lord Siva.When Lord Siva came before Krishna, He immediately stopped crying and smiled brilliantly. Mother Yasoda then said to Lord Siva "My son has  finally stopped crying, what can I do for you." Lord Siva replied that he just wanted to be able to see child Krishna and to be able to eat the remnants of His food. Even today the priests of the  Nandagram temple offer the remnants of what was offered to Lord Krishna to the Nandesvara-linga in this temple.


How to Get Here: This temple of Lord Siva is in the same enclosure as the main Nandagram Temple on top of the hill.


Pavana Sarovara


This lake is located at the bottom of Nandisvara Hill. Mother Yasoda used to bath Lord Krishna here. This is said to be one of Lord Krishna's favorite lakes. Nanda Maharaja and the male  members of the family would take bath here. Krishna would come here after the cows would return from grazing and give the cows a bath and drink this water. Pavana means "something that  purifies."Radharani would come to cook for Krishna every morning On the bank of this kunda. There is a well here from which Srimati Radharani drew water, then She would cook for Krishna.

Because She had received a benediction from Durvasa Muni that vj^hoever ate Her cooking would never become ill, mother Yasoda would always try to arrange that Srimati Radharani would  cook for her son.The bhajan kutir of Sanatana Gosvami is near the bank of this kunda. It is said that Krishna came to Sanatana Gosvami and told him that in a cave on Nandisvara hill there were  deities of Nanda Maharaja, Mother Yasoda, Krishna and Balarama. Sanatana Gosvami had these deities installed in a temple on top of Nandisvara hill.There is also the puspa-samadhi of  Akincana Krishnadas Babaji, who is disciple of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Maharaja, next to this kunda. He passed away at Nandagram.


How to Get Here: This kunda is across the road, north of the Nandagram temple. Everyone knows where it is located.To get to Sanatana Gosvami's bhajana kutir, if you are going toward  Vnnda-Kunda, there is road that bears off to the right from the main road Just where this road bears to the right, near the water pump, is a small path that leads to Pavana Sarovara. You take this  path about 12 m (40 ft) and then enter the first door on the left. There is no sign over this door.




This is the place where Sri Krishna made his field of pearls that is mentioned in Srila Raghunatha Dasa Gosvami's Sri Mukta Charitra. This story is described in the section of this book about  Malyahari-Kunda in the chapter about Govardhana and Radha-Kunda. There is a small temple here with Radha Krishna Deities. Moti means "pearl."


How to Get Here: This place is on the same side of the Nandisvara Hill as Pavana Sarovara. If you just came down the steps from the Nandagram temple. You keep going straight down the road,  passing Pavana Sarovara on the left. This kunda is about half a km down the road, on the right.




The place where Parjanya Maharaja performed austerities is near Ksunnahar-Kunda. This place is close to Pavana Sarovara. This kunda is about 300 m down the road, on the right. It is difficult  to tell exactly where this kunda is located.


Uddhava Kyari


Uddhava Kyari is where Uddhava met the gopis, when he was sent by Krishna to deliver a message to them. Uddhava came to this secluded forest area to deliver the message. Srimati  Radharani exhibited maha-bhava, the topmost symptoms of ecstatic love, while the message was being read to the gopis.Uddhava is described as the most exalted personality in the Vrisni  dynasty, almost equal to Krishna. He was a great friend, and on account of being the direct student of Brihaspati, the teacher and priest of the heavenly planets, he was very intelligent and sharp  in decision. From the intellectual standpoint, he was highly qualified. Krishna, being a very loving friend of Uddhava,wanted to send him to Vrindavana just to study the highly elevated ecstatic  devotional service practiced there. Even if one is hXghly elevated in material education and is even the disciple of Brihaspati, he still has to learn from the gopis and the residents of vrindavana  how to love Krishna to the highest degree. Sending Uddhava to Vrindavana with a message to the residents of Vrindavana to pacify them was Krishna's special favor to Uddhava." {Krishna Book,  Chap. 45)


How to Get Here: This place is between Varsana and Nandagram. Off the road, in the middle of the forest. It is about 3/4 of a km from Nandagram.


Narasimha and Varaha Temple


At the bottom of the hill, on the opposite side from Pavana Sarovara, is a Narasimhadeva temple. Nanda Maharaja worshiped the Narasimha and Varaha Deities that are seen in this temple.  Nanda Maharaja was advised by Garga Muni to worship Lord Narasimha because so many demons were disturbing the residents of Vrindavana. Lord Narasimha is the Deity in the center of the  altar. To the left of Lord Narasimha is a Deity of Sad Bhuja, the six armed form of Lord Caitanya. The Sad Bhuja form of the Lord has two arms holding a bow and arrow (Lord Rama), two arms  playing a flute (Lord Krishna) and two arms holding a danda and water pot (Lord Caitanya). On the far left side of the altar is Maharaja Nanda's Deity of Lord Varaha. On the right side of the altar  are the Deities of Lord Caitanya and Prabhu Nityananda.Nanda Maharaja's Lord Narayana Deity is also here, but this Deity is not on the altar or worshiped because it is disfigured. This Deity is  located to the left of the altar.


How to Get Here: This temple is on the opposite side of Nandisvara Hill from Pavana Sarovara. The Deities are worshiped in a small house-like temple in the village. If you are coming from the  Nandagram temple on top of the hill, you come down the steps and walk about 250 m. This temple will be on your left hand side, set back from the road. It is down a lane, about 50 m from the  road.From Yasoda-Kunda, you walk towards the main temple on top of Nandisvara Hill. The Narasimha temple is 300 m away, on the right hand side.


Yasoda's Yogurt Pot


Close to the Narasimha temple is a pot used by mother Yasoda to make yogurt. It is sunk into the ground, in a broken down stone hut. It is 4˝ feet across and five feet deep. You can

get inside this large yogurt pot.


How to Get There: From the Narasimha Temple make a right onto the road. You then walk about 150 m, taking the left fork in the road. You cross the road and walk 40 feet (12 m) and the yogurt  pot is located in a stone hut, which is about 50 feet (15 m) from the road, in a small yard. It is not far from the steps that go up Nandisvara Hill to the Nandagram temple, on the other side of the  hill (south side) from Pavana Sarovara.




Three hundred metres from the Narasimha temple is Yasoda-Kunda. Mother Yasoda would bathe Krishna here. Near here, off the same road that Yasoda-Kunda is located on, is Nanda-



How to Get Here: This kunda is about a half a km from Nandisvara Hill, on the same side of the hill as the Narasimhadeva temple. If you are coming from Varsana, you turn left down a dirt side  road, about half a km before the main Nandagram Temple, to get to this-Kunda. This kunda is then about a half a km away, on the left side of the road.To get here from the Narasimha temple you  make a left and walk away from Nandisvara hill (south). The road forks in two directions. If you take the main left road, after about 300 m, at the intersection you make a right and go about 50 m  (150 ft). Yasoda-Kunda is on your left about 50 m (150 ft) from the road. If you take the right fork in the road, the road ends with this kunda in front of you. From the road it is hard to see this  kunda.




Once Krishna was playing and he forgot about eating or bathing. Mother Yasoda sent Mother Rohini go get Krishna and Balarama, but they would not come. Mother Yasoda then went to get the  boys herself, but they just ran away from her. Mother Yasoda then told them to be careful of the bogey man or in Hindi "/iaŤ" and she described him. She said that he has a huge mouth, sharp  pointy teeth, long ears, fire coming from his nose, and horrible red eyes. She said the bogey man is coming to put us in a sack and eat us for supper. She then cried in fear and started to run  away. Krishna and Balarama then became scared and came running home as fast as they could.There are four stone Hau statutes here, which are about two feet tall and three feet long.


How to Get Here: The place where the stone Haus are located is next to'lYasoda-Kunda, off the road. If you just came from the road and are standing next to Yasoda-Kunda, the stone Haus are  to your right, behind some trees. You can get to this place by turning right just before entering the enclosure.For Yasoda-Kunda. You then walk about 30 m (100 ft) and make a left, and the Haus  are about 15 m (50 feet) away.


Nanda Baithak (Baithana) and Nanda-Kunda


Nanda Baithak means "the place where Nanda Maharaja would call for an assembly." Baithak means "a conference or sitting place." The leaders of the community would come here to discuss  any danger or difficulties. Before Krishna was born, they discussed the fact that Nanda and Yasoda did not have a child and how they could have a child.Whenever there was a problem  concerning Krishna, Nanda Maharaja, Upananda and the other senior brajabasis would meet here to solve the difficulties. Because the cowherd men would sit here, the place is known as  Baithana.This place is in the same enclosure as Nanda-Kunda. Nanda-Kunda is where Nanda Maharaja would take bath There is a temple here. Sanatana Gosvami stayed here for a few days at  the request of the local villagers.


How to Get Here: This place is on the same road as Yasoda-Kunda, about a quarter km away. Most people know it as Nanda Baithak and not Nanda-Kunda (so ask for Nanda Baithak). Nanda  Biathak is in the same compound as Nanda-Kunda. You have to go through a gate to get to these places from the road.


Charan Pahari


There is the impression of Krishna's feet here. Charan Pahari is on the southwest side of Nandagram, close to the road that goes to Kamyavana. This place is about a km from Pavana  Sarovara.


How to Get Here: From Pavana Sarovara, You head in the direction of the turnoff to Vrinda-Kunda. From Pavana Sarovara it is about a km away, on the left hand side of the road, about 35 m (100  feet) from the road. There is a 5 feet high structure over the footprint. Everyone in the area knows where this place is located.If you go west from the Narasimha temple or Yasoda-Kunda (you  turn left after leaving Yasoda-Kunda) you will come to this place after about 3/ 4 km. It is a little hard to find going this way, because the dirt roads here go in several different directions.


Vrinda-Kunda and Gupta-Kunda


Vrinda-Kunda is where Srimati Vrinda Devi is said to contemplate how she will arrange the daily pastimes of Radharani and Krishna. Next to Vrinda-Kunda is Gupta-Kunda, which is where  Radharani is said to secretly meet Krishna. There is a beautiful deity of Vrinda Devi in the temple here. She has a yellow parrot on her left hand. This parrot is said to fly around Vrindavana and on  returning tells Vrinda Devi what is happening in Vrindavana. The parrot is named Daksa and is said to have 1 lakh (100,000) disciples. Vrinda Devi arranges the pastimes in Vrindavana. Tulasi is  an expansion of Vrinda devi. Paumamasi is the guru of Vrinda Devi.Gupta-Kunda is considered to be one of the most important kundas in the Braja area. It is said to be one of the three  yoga-pithas in Braja. The other two are at Radha-Kunda and near the Govindaji temple in Vrindavana. A yoga-pitha is an eternal center of the Lord's pastimes. It is said that Radha and Krishna  meet in the morning at Gupta-Kunda, during the mid-day at Radha-Kunda and near the Radha Govinda temple in Vrindavana at night.There is an ancient Radha Krishna murti here, carved out of  stone, that is said to have been established by Vajranabha, the great grandson of Krishna. This murti has been desecrated by the Muslims, so worship is no longerr done to this murti. Every  Monday the local villagers come and pour milk over this Murti of Radha ad Krishna.Vrinda-Kunda, Gupta-Kunda and the small temple here are now in the care of ISKCON. Vrinda-Kunda is about  one km from the village of Nandagaon (NaiYdagram), not far from Pavana Sarovara. There is a good view of the Nandagrarri temple from Vrinda-Kunda. The living facilities are very basic at the  temple here, as there is no electricity.


How to Get Here: Vrinda-Kunda is one km from Nandagram. To get to Vrinda-Kunda you can take a taxi and stop at Varsana and Nandagram on the way. To get here from Vrindavana by public  transportation you first take a public bus to the town of Kosi and from there you take a tempo to Nandagaon and then walk the remaining km from there.If you are at Nandagram and are on the  road facing Pavana Sarovara you make a left and go about half a km. There is a road here that goes only to the right and there is a sign here that says Vrinda-Kunda, which points to the right.  You make a right here and go about a km. Vrinda-Kunda will be on your left. There is a small temple here and kundas on both sides of the temple.




At this place, Lalita Devi would arrange secret meetings between Krishna and Srimati Radharani. It is also said that Lalita Devi swung on a swing here with Krishna.Next to this kunda, there is a  temple with Deities of Krishna, Radha (on the right), and Lalita (on the far right). It seems that you can have darshan of the Deities in this temple at any time during the day. There is a large  concrete swing platform here, about 30 m (100 feet) from Lalita-Kunda.Next to the kunda is the old road to Mathura. This is the road that Akrura took to come to Nandagram from Mathura.

The story of this place is that Krishna warned Radharani that she should be careful about associating too closely with Narada Muni, because he is expert at instigating disputes between people.  Radharani did not take this warning seriously. One day Narada Muni came to Braj a hoping to be fortunate enough to see some of the Lord's pastimes. Krishna, hearing the sweet singing of  Narada, granted him a wish. Narada told Krishna that his only request was to see Lalita and Him sitting side by side swinging together.One day Radha was late in meeting with Krishna, so  Krishna decided to fulfill the desire of Narada and swing with Lalita. Lalita did not want to do this, but Krishna insisted. Krishna then sat next to Lalita and they were swung together. Narada Muni  saw them s\vinging together. He immediately went to the house of Srimati Radharani and told her that Lalita Devi was swinging with Krishna. He told her to go to Lalita-Kunda and see what was  happening.She immediately ran there and seeing Lalita and Krishna swinging together, she became very angry and ran away. Krishna then tried to pacify her, but she did not want to hear  anything He had to say. He then told her that Narada Muni had requested Him to swing with Lalita, and that Narada was so expert at causing quarrels that he had fooled even her. He told her that  He hoped that in the future She would not trust Narada again.


How to Get Here: This kunda is just off the road that goes from Nandagram to Varsana, not far from Uddhava Kyari. It is directly east of the Nanda Maharaja temple, on the other side of the road.


Nanda Maharaja's Bagichi (Garden)


This is the garden of Nanda Maharaja. All the fruits, flowers and vegetables in this garden were used for Balarama and Krishna.


How to Get Here: This place is between Nandagram and Ter Kadamba.


Ter Kadamba (Sri Rupa Gosvami's Bhajana Kutir)


Ter Kadamba is a small forest close to Nandagram. It is said that Krishna would sit here and play His flute, attracting the cows. Krishna would take the cows grazing here. It is said that Krishna  would sit here and count the cows when they came back from grazing. It is also said that Radharani would walk by this place from Javat, when she would come to cook for Krishna at Pavana  Sarovara. Very few people visit this place. The person who looks after this place does not speak English, but is very knowledgeable about the places in the area. He is also a very nice devotee.

The bhajana-kutir of Rupa Goswami is located here. He lived here for a while. There is a Ter Kadamba tree here that Rupa Gosvami is said to have sat under, when he wrote.


How to Get Here: This place is 1˝ km east of Nandagram, off a dirt road, in the middle of some fields, completely by itself. It is between Nandagram and Javat. If you just came from Pavana  Sarovara and made a right onto the road to Varsana, the road that goes to this place is the first dirt road on the left. Ter Kadamba is 1˝ (1 mile) down this road, on the left hand side. It is possible  to drive to this place, but for the first 150 m the road is pretty bad. To get here, you can ask for the Asesvara Mahadeva Temple,which is across the dirt road and down about 300 m from this  place. The place that marks where the bhajana kutir of Sanatana Gosvami is located is a 20 foot high brick building.




It is said that Mother Yasoda would churn yogurt here and from that yogurt she would extract ghee. Whatever was left was called chaj. There was so much milk and butter in those days that the  chaj would be throw into this kunda.