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The Evidence From Sruti for Lord Chaitanya
mahan-prabhur vai purusah sattvasyesa pravarttakah
surnimalam imam santimisano jyotiravyah
The Personality of Godhead, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, is brilliantly effulgent and imperishable like molten gold. He is the Supreme Controller. He controls the mode of goodness and through saokirtana bestows spiritual intelligence on the living beings. In the guise of a sannyasi, He is the source of spiritual purity and of liberation. He is therefore known as "Mahaprabhu". (Svetasvatara Upanisad 3.12)
yada pasyah pasyate rukma-varnam
kartaram isam purusam brahma-yonim
tada vidyan punya-pape vidhuya
niranjanah paramam samyam upaiti
When one realizes the golden form of Lord Gauranga, who is the ultimate actor and the source of the Supreme Brahman, he attains the highest knowledge. He transcends both pious and impious activities, becomes free from worldly bondage, and enters the divine abode of the Lord. (Mundaka Upanisad 3.3)
Evidence From Bhagavatam for Lord Chaitanya
krishna-varnam tvisakrishnam sangopangastra-parsadam
yajnaih saokirtana-prayair yajanti hi su-medhasah
In the age of Kali, Krishna appears in a golden form, chanting the two syllables krs-na. He descends along with His weapons, limbs, saktis, and eternal confidential associates. Those with intelligence worship Him with the saokirtana yajna. (Bhag. 11.5.32)
'krishna' ei dui varna sada yaora mukhe
athava, krishnake tioho varne nija sukhe.
krishna-varna-sabdera artha dui ta pramana
krishna vinu taora mukhe nahi aise ana.
deha-kantye haya teoho akrishna-varana
akrishna-varane kahe pita-varana.
The two syllables krs-na are always in His mouth, or He always describes Krishna with great pleasure. These are two meanings of the words "krishna varna." Indeed, nothing but Krishna issues from His mouth. If someone tries to describe Him as blackish, the next adjective, tvisakrishnam, immediately restricts him. His complexion is certainly not blackish. Indeed, His not being blackish indicates a golden complexion. (Cc. Adi 3.54,55,57)
asan varnas trayo hy asya grhnato 'nuyugam tanuh
suklo raktas tatha pita idanim krishnatam gatah
This boy, Krishna, has three other colors: white; red, and yellow, as He appears in different ages. Now, in this Dvapara-yuga, he has appeared in a transcendental blackish color. (Bhag. 10.8.13)
sukla-rakta-krishna-pita krame cari varna
cari varna dhari' krishna karena yuga-dharma
In the Satya, Treta, Dvapara, and Kali yugas, Krishna accepts four different colors: white, red, black, and yellow respectively. These are the colors of the different incarnations in different millenniums. (Cc. Madhya 20.330)
lokan vibhavayasi hamsi jagat-pratipan
dharmam maha-purusa pasi yuganuvrttam
channah kalau yad abhavas tri-yugo 'tha sa tvam
[Prahlada said] O Krishna, in this way You appear in various incarnations: as a human being, an animal, a great saint, a demigod, a fish, or a tortoise, thus maintaining the entire creation in different planetary systems. In this way, according to the age, You protect the principles of religion, but, O Mahaprabhu, in the age of Kali, You do not assert Yourself as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Because Your incarnation is hidden in the age of Kali You are known as Triyuga, or the Lord who manifests His supremacy in only three ages. (Bhag. 7.9.38)
Evidence From Mahabharata for Shri Chaitanya
suvarna-varno hemango varangas-candanangadi
sannyasa-krcchamah santo nistha-santi-parayanah
When Krishna appears as Lord Gauranga, in His early pastimes His complexion is golden (suvarna-varna), His limbs are the color of molten white gold (hemanga), His body is extremely beautiful (varangas), and He is decorated with sandalwood pulp (candanangadi).
Shri Chaitanya accepts sannyasa (sannyasa-krt), and shows equanimity (sama). He is peaceful (santa). His mind is always fixed on Krishna, and thus He is nistha, or fixed, in performing the great sacrifice of the holy name of Krishna. He silences the non-devotees and impersonalists who are opposed to the service of the Lord, by promoting the cause of devotion. Thus He distributes real peace. He is therefore an abode of the highest spiritual peace and devotion. (Mahabharata, Dan-dharma ch.149)
Evidence of the Puranas for Lord Chaitanya
aham eva kvacid brahman sannyasasramam ashritah
hari-bhaktim grahayami kalau papa-hatan naran
[The Supreme Lord said to Vyasadeva] O learned brahmana, sometimes I accepted the renounced order of life to induce the fallen people of the age of Kali to accept devotional service to the Lord. (Cc. Adi 3.83)
aham eva dvija-srestha nityam pracchana-vigrahah
bhagavad-bhakta-rupena lokan raksami sarvada
O best of the brahmanas. My disguised form is eternal. In this way, with My own form hidden from ordinary sight I take the form of a devotee and appear among the people in general in order to establish and protect religious principles. (Adi Purana)
The Version of the Gosvamis
antah krishnam bahir-gauram darsitangadi-vaibhavam
kalau saokirtanadyaih smah krishna-chaitanyam-ashritah
I take shelter of Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who is Krishna Himself, thinking of Himself. He is internally Krishna blackish but externally, he appears in golden complexion. In this age of Kali, Krishna appears as Krishna Chaitanya, simultaneously manifesting His eternal associates, opulences, expansions, and incarnations. In this way, he preaches the process of Krishna consciousness by performing saokirtana. (Tattva-sandarbha 2)
Shri Gauranga is the Source of all Avataras
sutiya acchinu ksira-sagara-bhitare
mora nidra bhanga haila nadara huokare
[While sitting on the altar of Vishnu in the house of Shrivasa, Lord Chaitanya said] Lying within the ocean of milk, My transcendental slumber broke, as I awoke to hear the loud cries of My devotees, thus I [Lord Vishnu] have come [as Lord Chaitanya]. (Cb. Madhya 22.16)
sei krishna avatari vrajendra-kumara
apane chaitanya-rupe kaila avatara.
ataeva chaitanya gosani paratattva-sima
taore ksiroda-sayi kahi, ki taora mahima
sei ta' bhaktera vakya nahe vyabhicari
sakala sambhave tmnte, yate avatari.
avatarira dehe saba avatarera sthiti
keho kona-mate kahe, yemana yara mati.
That same Lord Krishna, who is the fountainhead of all avataras is the son of the king of Vraja. He has descended personally [as Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu]. Therefore Lord Chaitanya is the Supreme Absolute Truth. To call Him Ksirodakasayi Vishnu does not add to His glory, but such words from the lips of a sincere devotee cannot be false. All possibilities abide in Him because He is the primeval Lord. All other incarnations are potentially situated in the original body of the primeval Lord. Thus according to one's opinion one may address Him as any one of the avataras. (Cc. Adi 2.109-112)
Shri Gauranga is Unattainable by Worldly Knowledge
bhagavata, bharata-sastra, agama, purana
chaitanya-krishna-avatare prakata pramana.
pratyakse dekhaha nana prakata prabhava
alaukika karma, alaukika anubhava.
dekhiya na dekhe yata abhaktera gana
uluke na dekhe yena suryera kirana
Shrimad-bhagavatam, Mahabharata, the Puranas, and other Vedic literature all give evidence to prove that Lord Chaitanya is the avatara of Krishna. Also, one can directly see Lord Chaitanya's manifest influence in His uncommon deeds and uncommon Krishna conscious realization, but faithless unbelievers do not see what is clearly evident, just as owls do not see the rays of the sun. (Cc. Adi 3.84-86)
Lord Chaitanya's sixfold Nature
sakala vaishnava, suna kari' eka-mana
krishna, guru, bhakta, sakti avatara, prakasa
krishna ei chaya-rupe karena vilasa
I advise all my Vaishnava readers to read and hear with rapt attention this narration of the pastimes of Lord Krishna Chaitanya as inculcated in the revealed scriptures. Lord Krishna enjoys His pastimes by manifesting Himself as the spiritual masters (guru), His devotees (bhakta), His diverse energies (sakti), His incarnations (avataras) and His full expansions (prakasa). (Cc. Adi 1.31,32)
Shri Gauranga is the Supreme Truth
yad advaitam brahmopanisadi tad apy asya tanu-bha
ya atmantaryami purusa iti so 'syamsa-vibhavah
sad-aisvaryaih purno ya iha bhagavan sa svayam ayam
na chaitanyat krishnaj jagati para-tattvam param iha
What the Upanisads describe as the impersonal absolute is but the effulgence of His (Shri Chaitanya's) body. The Lord who is known as the Supersoul is but His localized expansion. He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna Himself, full in six opulences. He is the Absolute Truth, one without second. There is no truth superior to Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. (Cc. Adi 1.3)
Lord Chaitanya is the Jagad-guru
caudda bhuvanera guru chaitanya-gosani
taora guru anya, ei kona sastre nai
Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the jagad-guru, the spiritual master of the fourteen worlds. No other guru can compare with Him. (Cc. Adi 12.16)
Lord Gauranga is the Best of all
saundarye kama-kotih sakala-jana samahladane candrakotir
vatsalye matrkotis tridasavitapinam kotir audarya-sare
gambhirye 'mbodhi-kotir madhurimani sudha-ksira-maddhavihvika-kotir
gaurodevah sa jiyat pranaya-rasapade darsitascarya-kotih
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is lovelier than millions of cupids. He is mellower than millions of moons, dearer than millions of mothers, kinder than millions of wish-fulfilling trees, deeper than millions of oceans, and sweeter than millions of nectarean drinks. All glories to Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the Supreme Lord, who displays millions of amazing sentiments of madhurya-bhakti, the most exalted mellow of pure love of Godhead. (Chaitanya Candramrta 101)
Gauranga's Tattva, Nama, Rupa, and Lila
namo maha-vadanyaya krishna-prema-pradaya te
krishnaya krishna-chaitanya-namne gaura-tvise namah
His nature (tattva) is that He is Krishna Himself. His name (nama) is Krishna Chaitanya. His form (rupa) is golden. His quality (guna) is that He is the most magnanimous of all incarnations. His pastime (lila) is to distribute the highest love of Godhead krishna-prema. I offer my obeisances unto that most generous Lord, Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. (Cc. Madhya 19.53)
Gauranga Delivers All by Distributing Nama
saokirtana-yajne taore bhaje, sei dhanya.
sei ta' sumedha, ara kubuddhi samsara
sarva-yajna haite krishna-nama-yajna sara
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu inaugurated the saokirtana movement. One who worships Him through saokirtana is fortunate indeed. Such a person is truly intelligent, whereas others, who have but a poor fund of knowledge, must endure the cycle of repeated birth and death. Of all sacrificial performances, the chanting of the Lord's holy name is the most sublime. (Cc. Adi 3.77,78)
Gauranga is the Giver of Krishna-prema
uchalila prema-vanya caudike vedaya
stri, vrddha, balaka, yuva, sabare duvaya.
saj-jana, dur-jana, pangu, jada, andha-gana
prema-vanyaya dubaila jagatera jana
The flood of love of Godhead distributed by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu swelled in all directions. Young men, old men, women, and children were all immersed in that inundation. The Krishna consciousness movement begun by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu will inundate the entire world and drown everyone, whether one be a gentleman, rogue, lame, invalid, or blind. (Cc. Adi 7.25,26)
patrapatra-vicara nahi, nahi sthanasthana
yei yanha paya, taoha kare prema-dana
lutiya, khaiya, diya, bhandara ujade
ascarya bhandara, prema sata-guna bade
In distributing love of Godhead, Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and His associates did not consider who was fit and who was unfit, nor where such distribution should or should not take place. They made no such conditions. Rather, wherever they got the opportunity, the members of the Panca-tattva distributed love of Godhead. Although they plundered the storehouse of love of Godhead, ate and distributed its contents, there was no scarcity, for this wonderful storehouse is so complete that as the love is distributed, the supply increases hundreds of times. (Cc. Adi 7.23,24)
Who Cheat Themselves out of Love of God
mayavadi, karma-nistha kutarkika-gana
nindaka, pasandi, yata paduya adhama
sei saba mahadaksa dhasm palaila
sei vanya ta-sabare chunite narila
The impersonalists, fruitive workers, false logicians, blasphemers, non-devotees, and lowest of the student community are very expert in avoiding the Krishna consciousness movement. Therefore the mercy of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu cannot reach them. (Cc. Adi 7.29,30)
One can Know the Conclusion of Scripture by Shri Gauranga's Mercy
shri-chaitanya-prabhum vande balo 'pi yad-anugrahat
taren nana-mata-graha-vyaptam siddhanta-sagaram
I offer my obeisances unto Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, by whose mercy even an ignorant child can swim across the ocean of conclusive truth, which is filled with the crocodiles of various theories. (Cc. Adi 2.1)
hrdaye dharaye ye chaitanya-nityananda
e-saba siddhante sei paibe ananda.
e saba siddhanta haya amrera pallava
bhakta-gana-kokilera sarvada vallabha.
abhakta-ustrera ithe na haya pravesa
tabe citte haya mora ananda-visesa.
[Krishnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami says] Anyone who has captured Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu within his heart becomes blissful by hearing all these transcendental conclusions. These conclusions are like the newly grown twigs of a mango tree in that they are always pleasing to the devotees, who in this way resemble cuckoos. The camel-like non-devotees, however, cannot enter into these topics, and therefore there is special jubilation within my heart. (Cc. Adi 4.233-235)
Lord Gauranga's Preaching Pastimes
sannyasi pandita-ganera karite garva nasa
nica-sudra-dvara karena dharmera prakasa.
'bhakti', ' prema', 'tattva' kahe raye kari' 'vakta'
apani pradyumna-misra-saha haya 'srota'.
shri-rupa-dvara vrajera prema-rasa-lila
ke bujhite pare gambhira caitanyera khela?
To vanquish the false pride of so-called sannyasis and learned scholars, He spread real religious principles, even through a sudra. Lord Chaitanya preached about devotional service, ecstatic love, and the Absolute Truth by making Ramananda Raya, a grhastha from a low family, the speaker. Then the Lord, an exalted brahmana sannyasi, and Pradyumna Misra, the purified brahmana, both heard from Ramananda Raya. The Lord exhibited the glories of the holy name of Krishna through Haridasa Thakura, who was born in a Muslim family. Similarly, He exhibited the essence of devotional service through Sanatana Gosvami, who was almost converted to Islam. The Lord also fully exhibited the ecstatic love and transcendental pastimes of Vrndavana through Shrila Rupa Gosvami. Considering all this, who can understand the deep plans of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu? (Cc. Antya 5.84-87)
vraje ye vihare purve krishna-balarama
koti-surya-candra jini doohara nija-dhama.
sei dui jagatere ha-iya sadaya
gaudadese purva-saile karila udaya.
shri-krishna-chaitanya ara prabhu nityananda
yaohara prakase sarva jagat ananda.
surya-candra hare yaiche saba andhakara
vastu prakasiya kare dharmera pracara.
ei mata dui bhai jivera ajnana-
tamo-nasa kari' kaila tattva-vastu-dana.
yaohara prasade ei tamo haya nasa
tamo nasa kari' kare tattvera prakasa.
surya candra bahirera tamau se vinase
bahir-vastu ghata-pata-adi se prakase.
dui bhai hrdayera ksali' andhakara
dui bhagavata-sange karana saksatkara.
Krishna and Balarama, who formerly appeared in Vrndavana and who were millions of times more effulgent than the sun and moon, have arisen over the eastern horizon of Gauda-desa, being compassionate on the fallen state of the world. The appearance of Shri Chaitanya and Nityananda has surcharged the world with happiness. As the sun and moon drive away darkness and reveal the nature of everything, these two brothers dissipate the darkness of the living beings ignorance and enlighten them with knowledge of the Absolute Truth. By the grace of Shri Chaitanya and Nityananda, all darkness is removed and the truth is brought to light. The sun and moon dissipate the darkness of the external world and thus reveal material reality, but these two brothers dissipate the darkness of the inner core of the heart, and thus help one to meet the two kinds of Bhagavatas. (Cc. Adi 1.85-89,95,97,98)
Shri Gauranga's Example and Precept
hare-krsnety uccaih sphurita-rasano namaganana-
sa chaitanyah kim me punarapi drsor yasyati padam
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu chants the Hare Krishna mantra in a loud voice. The holy name dances on His tongue as He counts His recitations with His effulgent hands. His eyes are large and His long arms, which bend when He performs His pastimes, reach down to His knees. When will he again be visible before me? (Stava-mala 5 Rupa Gosvami)
Gauranga's Principle and Ultimate Goals
ei vancha yaiche krishna-prakatya-karana
asura-samhara anusanga prayojana.
ei mata chaitanya-krishna purna bhagavan
yuga-dharma-pravartana nahe taora kama.
kona karane yabe haila avatare mana
yuga-dharma-kala haila se kale milana.
dui hetu avatari' lana bhakta-gana
apane asvade prema-nama-saokirtana.
sei dvare acandale kirtana sancare
nama-prema-mala gaothi' paraila samsare.
ei-mata bhakta-bhava kari' angikara
apani acari' bhakti karila pracara.
Just as Krishna appeared in order to manifest His Vrndavana pastimes and His suppression of demons was incidental in the same way promulgating the dharma for the age is an incidental reason for Lord Chaitanya's appearance. When He desired to appear for another reason, the time for promulgating the religion of the age also arose. Thus with two intentions, the Lord appeared with His devotees and tasted the nectar of prema along with the congregational chanting of the holy name. He spread saokirtana even among untouchables. He wove a wreath of the holy name and prema with which He garlanded the entire world. In this way, assuming the sentiment of a devotee, He preached devotional service while practicing it Himself. (Cc. Adi 4.36-41)
Shri Gauranga is Like a Lion
chaitanya-simhera nava-dvipe avatara
simha-griva, simha-virya, simhera huokara
sei simha vasuk jivera hrdaya-kandare
kalmasa-dvirada nase yaohara huokare
Thus the lion-like Chaitanya Mahaprabhu has appeared in Navadvipa-dhama. He has the shoulders of a lion, the powers of a lion, and the loud voice of a lion. May that lion be seated in the core of the heart of every living being and with His resounding roar, may He drive away their elephantine vices. (Cc. Adi 3.30,31)
Shri Gauranga's Eternal Reason for Appearing
anarpita-carim cirat karunayavatirnah kalau
samarpayitum unnatojjvala-rasam sva-bhakti-shriyam
sada hrdaya-kandare sphuratu vah saci-nandana
May that Lord who is known as the son of Shrimati Sacidevi be transcendentally situated in the inner-most chambers of your heart. Resplendent with the radiance of molten gold He has appeared in the age of Kali by His causeless mercy to bestow what no incarnation ever offered before the most sublime and radiant spiritual knowledge of the mellow taste of His service. (Cc. Adi 1.4)
Lord Gauranga's Confidential Reason for Appearing
shri-radhayah pranaya-mahima kidrso vanayaiva-
svadyo yenadbhuta-madhurima kidrso va madiyah
saukhyam casya mad-anubhavatah kidrsam veti lobhat
tad-bhavadhyah samajani saci-garbha-sindau harinduh
Desiring to understand the glory of Shrimati Radharani's love, the wonderful qualities in Him that she alone relishes through Her love, and the happiness she feels when she realizes the sweetness of His love, Lord Hari, richly endowed with Her emotions, appears from the womb of Sacidevi as the moon appears from the ocean. (Cc. Adi 1.6)
Internally He has the Mood of Shri Radha, Externally He Preaches the Holy Name
sei radhara bhava lana chaitanyavatara
yuga-dharma nama-prema kaila paracara
Lord Chaitanya appeared with the sentiments of Shri Radha. He preached the dharma of this age, the chanting of the holy name of Krishna, and pure love of Godhead (Krishna-prema). (Cc. Adi 4.220)
The Pastimes of Shri Chaitanya are Eternal
adyapiha chaitanya ei saba lila kare
ya'ra bhagye thake se dekhaye nirantare
As yet, no one can completely see the opulences of all the pastimes Lord Chaitanya performed, because they are without limit in time and space. They are unlimited and eternal. (Cb. Madhya 23.513)
Materialistic and Demonic Persons are Envious of Shri Gauranga
purve yaiche jarasandha-adi raja-gana
veda-dharma kari' kare visnura pujana
krishna nahi mane, tate daitya kari' mani
chaitanya na manile taiche daitya tare jani
hena krpamaya chaitanya na bhaje yei jana
sarvottama ha-ileo tare asure ganana
Formerly, even kings like Jarasandha strictly followed the Vedic rituals, thus worshiping Lord Vishnu. One who does not accept Krishna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead is certainly a demon. Similarly, one who does not accept Lord Chaitanya as Krishna, the same Supreme Lord, is also considered a demon. One who does not show respect to this merciful Lord, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu or does not worship Him, should be considered a demon, even if that person is very exalted in human society. (Cc. Adi 8.8,9,12)
Gauranga is not the Enjoyer of the Rasa Dance
ei mata capalya karena saba sane
sabe strimatra na dekhena drstikane
"stri" hena na prabhu ei avatare
sravane o na karila vidita samsare
ata eva yata maha-mahima sakale
"gauranga nagara" hena stava nahi bale
The Lord was apt to indulge in indiscriminate, merciful behavior towards all, except that He never looked at a woman, even by a sidelong glance. It is known to all the world that He did not even allow the name of a woman to enter His ear. Those who are His real devotees, therefore, never address Shri Gauranga as "Gauranga-nagari," or the enjoyer of women. Although all forms of praise are applicable to the Lord, the wise sing only what is in accordance with His nature. (Cb. 15.28-31)
The Glories of the Mercy of Gaura-Nitai
chaitanya-nityanande nahi esaba vicara
nama laite prema dena, bahe asrudhara
svatantra isvara prabhu atyanta udara
taore na bhajile kabhu na haya nistara
If one only chants with some slight faith the holy names of Lord Chaitanya and Lord Nityananda, very quickly he is cleansed of all offenses. Thus, as soon as he chants the Hare Krishna mantra, he feels the ecstasy of love of Godhead. Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the independent Supreme Personality of Godhead is greatly magnanimous. Unless one worships Him, one can never liberated. (Cc. Adi 8.31,32)
The Position of Those who Cheat Themselves out of Lord Gauranga's Mercy
chaitanyavatare vahe premamrta-vanya
saba jiva preme bhase, prthivi haila dhanya.
e-vanyaya ye na bhase, sei jiva chara
koti-kalpe kabhu tara nahika nistara
There is now a flood of the eternal nectar of love of God because of the incarnation of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. All living entities are floating in that flood. The entire world is now thankful to the Lord. Whoever does not float in this inundation is most condemned. Such a person cannot be delivered for millions of lifetimes of Lord Brahma. (Cc. Antya 3.254, 255)
avatara sara, gaura-avatara
kena na bhajili ta're
kari' nire vasa, gela na piyasa
apana karama phere
kantakera taru ,sadai sevili amrta paibara
ase prema kalpataru (shri) Gauranga amara
tahare bhavili vise
saurabhera ase, palasa sunkili,
nasate pasila kita
iksudanda bhavi' katha cusili
kemane paibi mitha
hara baliya, galaya parili,
sitala baliya aguna pohali,
samsara bhajili, (shri) Gauranga bhulili,
na sunili sadhura katha
iha-para-kala, du'kala khoyali,
khaili apana matha
Shri Gauranga is the essence of all avataras. Why didn't I worship Him? It is as if I was surrounded by water and dying of thirst but I denied myself a drink. I chewed the thorns on the tree of worldly life and took the blood that flowed through my mouth to be nectar. When I was offered the nectarean fruits of love of Godhead distributed by Lord Gauranga, however, I turned them away, thinking them to be poison. Wishing to smell perfume I sniffed at what I thought was the fragrant flower of material enjoyment. Alas, that flower was odorless like the palasa flower. When I tried to sniff its illusory aroma a bee flew up my nose and stung me. Thinking material life to be as sweet as sugarcane, I tried to taste its nectar. Instead, as I sucked I found it juiceless and dry. In this way, all my attempts at enjoyment proved false.
Admitting defeat, wasted, and worn out, I await the snake of death. Declaring it to be cool and soothing, I have embraced the fire of material life, only to suffer intense miseries, as if struck by lightning. Worshiping family and material life I forgot Gauranga and didn't listen to the words of the saints. Now, in my final days I realize that I am twice dead, for not only am I casting off this mortal body, but I am dead while living, having wasted my life in material indulgence (Mahajana-giti).
Gauranga Appears as His Holy Name and as His Deity
ara dui janma ei saokirtanarambhe
haiba tomara putra ami avilambe
mora arca-murti mata, tumi se dharani
jihvarupa tumi mata, namera janani
ei dui janma mora saokirtanarambhe
dui thani tora putra rahu avilambe
[Lord Chaitanya told Saci] Birth after birth you are My mother. Again, in this birth, I have come to begin the saokirtana movement, and so I have become your son. My appearance in this world is twofold: I appear as the arca-murti and as the holy name. In this way I appear upon the tongue in the form of sound, and as the Deity made from the elements drawn from the earth. In both these forms I am worshiped, and in these two features I have appeared in order to spread the saokirtana movement. (Cb. Madhya 27.47)
Gauranga's Teachings in a Nutshell.
aradhyo bhagvan brajesa-tanayas-tad-dhama vrndavanam
ramya kacid-upasana vraja-vadhu-vargena ya kalpita
shrimad-bhagavatam pramanam-amalam prema pumartho mahan
shri chaitanya mahaprabhur-matam-idam tatradaro nah parah
It is the conclusive opinion of Lord Chaitanya that Shri Krishna, who is Vrajendra-nandana, is the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself, the topmost worshipable Deity; Vrndavana-dhama which is an expansion of Krishna and is nondifferent from Him is the highest worshipable abode; the gopis are the highest example of the worship of Shri Krishna; Shrimad-bhagavatam is the spotless evidence for knowing the absolute truth; krishna-prema is the fifth and highest goal of life. These are the teachings of Shri Chaitanya in a nutshell. (Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura)
Thus ends the Fourth Jewel of the Gaudiya Kanthahara, entitled Gaura-tattva