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purusah prakrti-stho hi
bhunkte prakrti-jan gunan
karanam guna-sango 'sya
purusah-the living entity; prakrti-sthah-being situated in the material energy; hi-certainly; bhunkte-enjoys; prakrti-jan-produced by the material nature; gunan-the modes of nature; karanam-the cause; guna-sangah-the association with the modes of nature; asya-of the living entity; sat-asat-in good and bad; yoni-species of life; janmasu-in births.
The living entity in material nature thus follows the ways of life, enjoying the three modes of nature. This is due to his association with that material nature. Thus he meets with good and evil among various species.
bharta bhokta mahesvarah
paramatmeti capy ukto
dehe 'smin purusah parah
upadrasta-overseer; anumanta-permitter; ca-also; bharta-master; bhokta-supreme enjoyer; maha-isvarah-the Supreme Lord; parama-atma-the Supersoul; iti-also; ca-and; api-indeed; uktah-is said; dehe-in the body; asmin-this; purusah-enjoyer; parah-transcendental.
Yet in this body there is another, a transcendental enjoyer, who is the Lord, the supreme proprietor, who exists as the overseer and permitter, and who is known as the Supersoul.