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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Vedas > Rigvediya Sandhya Vandana

Rigvediya Sandhya Vandana



|| rgvediya sandhya vandanam ||


|| shri gurubhyo namah | harih om ||


            ||  rgvediya pratah sandhya vandanam  ||





 From time immemorial man has been preparing to face uncertainties and

struggling to overcome difficulties in life. Broadly speaking the

difficulties and conflicts he faces can be categorised as physical on the

one extreme and spiritual on the other, intervened by various other stages

like ethical, intellectual, emotional, filial, occupational, professional,

societal, national and so on. While enormous education, training and

efforts go into tackling difficulties, conflicts and uncertainties at the

basest physical level onwards, these are waning with the progression to the

noblest spiritual level. It is towards strengthening in this direction

that man has evolved rituals and faith in that Universal Power and set out

in search thereof. Ideally, man should turn everything he does into sacred

with a view to know himself and his God and towards this strengthen all his

faculties. Sandhyaa vandana, worship of Gods three times a day at the

junctures of Night-Morning-afternoon-evening, invoking their blessings and

strength, is one such important activity.





A Brahmana deserves to be called so only when he conducts himself in the

ways approved in the scriptures and also performs at least the basic ritual

called trikaala Sandhyaa-vandana. Sandhyaa vandana is a daily duty for a

Brahmana after upanayana. It is very auspicious and sacred also. Trikaala

Sandhyaa vandana means paying obeisance to the Lord, three times a day,

i.e., during sun rise, noon and sun-set. It is called Sandhyaa Vandana

also because the obeisance is offered at the junctures of 1. Night and day,

2. morning and afternoon, and 3. Day and night. The first one, praataH

Sandhyaa, is performed when the sun is about to rise and the stars are

still aglitter in the sky. The second one, maadhyaahnika, is performed

during the noon time. The third one saayaM sandhyaa, is performed just

before the sunset. These junction times are regarded as highly sacred

for this purpose.





The basic preparation is to cleanse the body externally.  For praataH

Sandhyaa, it will be by means of the morning bath and for the

other two it will be by means of washing the legs, hands and face. After

this, You will wear clean clothes specially meant for this purpose.

The practice is to wear a dhoti and a shalya.


Thereafter, quietly sit on either a kR^ishhNaajina (deer-skin seat) or

on wooden plaque placed on the floor, in the pooja room (select some other

neat place if pooja room is not available. While for praataH Sandhyaa you can

face either East or North, for the other two you have necessarily to face

North. Keep readily available minimum three vessels, two with clean water

(one for Achamana and the other for Arghya) and ladle (spoon) and the

third one empty (arghya paatra). (Hereafter, the water meant for Achamana

is abbreviated as "AchW", the one for Arghya as "ArgW" and arghya paatra as

"ArgP"). Also ensure that you have complete privacy during the whole

process and avoid external noises like music systems, TV, talking to

others etc.


You will also take the following steps for praataH Sandhyaa only. Keep a set

of mudras (five metallic stamps with different shapes explained later) and

gopichandana (a special veriety of mud ball). Then, apply gopichandana on

your body. Generally, if available, nirmalya tiirtha (holy remnant water

after devara pooja by self or someone) is used for this purpose. In case of

unavailability of nirmaalya tiirtha ArgW can also be used.


Start the process invoking the blessings of the Lord by reciting the

following mantras.


shri laksmivenkatesaya namah ||


shri gurubhyo namah | parama gurubhyo namah ||


shrimadanandatirtha bhagavatpadacarya gurubhyo namah ||


shri vedavyasaya namah ||


harih om ||


gopicandana papana visnudeha samudbhava |

cakrankita namastestu dharana muktido bhava ||


Simultaneously, place a spoon of water (either nirmalya or ArgW) on the

left hand palm, take a piece of gopichandana, rub vigoroursly and prepare

a paste of gopichandana. Apply this paste at 12 places in the body -

one on forehead, three on abdomen, one on chest, one each on shoulders,

all 4 parts of neck, one on bottom of back-bone just above trunk and one

on top of head. Then, one more is applied on the right side of the chest.

Some people do also apply a similar final mark on the left side of the

chest, if this is the tradition that they have been taught as per their

sampradaaya (custom).  While applying, recite Keshavadi Dwadashanama

(explained below), one naama each for one application.


The order for applying naamas are -- on the forehead (keshavaaya namaH),

center of abdomen (naaraayaNaaya namaH), chest (maadhavaaya namaH),

front portion of neck (govi.ndaaya namaH), right side of abdomen (vishhNave

namaH), right shoulder (madhusudhanaaya namaH), right side of neck

(trivikramaaya namaH), left side of abdomen (vaamanaaya namaH), left

shoulder (shriidharaaya namaH), left side of neck (hR^ishhiikeshaaya namaH),

back side (above tunk) (padmanaabhaaya namaH), back side of neck

(daamodaraaya namaH) and on the head, on the chest (shriivatsaaya namaH).

The shapes of the paste applied will be as follows. On the forehead : one

set of vertical parallel lines (first apply the paste with the forefinger

and later run through it with a wet cloth/finger). On the chest: heart

(lotus leaf) shape. On the shoulder: leaf shape (preferably with a stem).

Elsewhere: deepaakaara (burning candle light shape). Concentrate on the

mantra and quickly go through the process of applying the paste instead

of trying to perfect the shapes.


After applying gopichandana, apply mudras as follows in that order.


chakra mudra: one on right side of eye, five on centre of abdomen, three

on heart, two on right of abdomen, three on right of chest, two on right

shoulder both sides of naama, two on right of neck, one on front of neck,

one on left shoulder below the naama.


shankha mudra - one on left side of eye, one on left of abdomen, two on left

of chest, two on left shoulder both sides of naama, two on left of neck,

one on right shoulder below the naama.


gadaa mudra - one on forehead, one on left of abdomen, one on left of

chest, two on left shoulder both sides of naama below shankha mudra.


padma mudra - two on chest, two on right abdomen, two on right shoulder

both sides of naama below chakra mudra.


naaraayaNa mudra - one each overlapping on all mudras and naama.


apavitrah pavitro va sarvavastham gato'pi va |

yah smaretpundarikaksam sabahyabhyantarah sucih ||


[Here one has to sprinkle the water (ArgW) for cleanliness or purity,

both internally and externally, to start the Sandhyaa vandana ]


acamana .................... (1)


om shri kesavaya svaha |

[one has to sip water from Brahma tirtha (AchW) (spoon or laddle) three times



om shri narayanaya svaha | [....2]


om shri madhavaya svaha |[....3]


om shri govindaya namah |

[wash the right palm from the left palm]


om shri visnave namah  |

[wash the left palm with right palm]


om shri madhusudanaya namah |

[touch the upper lip]


om shri trivikramaya namah |

[touch the lower lip]


om shri vamanaya namah |

[touch the right cheek]


om shri shridharaya namah |

[touch the left cheek] [mouth is the seat of Fire God]


om shri hrsikesaya namah |

[wash both the hands]


om shri padmanabhaya namah |

[touch the feet]


om shri damodaraya namah |

[touch the centre of the head with middle finger. Head is the seat of



om shri sankarsanaya namah |

[touch the tip of the nose with the middle finger]


om shri vasudevaya namah |

[touch the right side of the nose with index and thumb fingers]


om shri pradyumnaya namah |

[touch the left side of the nose with index and thumb fingers. Nose is the seat

of Vayu]


om shri aniruddhaya namah |

[touch the right eye with index and middle fingers]


om shri purusottamaya namah |

[touch the left eye with index and middle fingers][eye is the seat of Sun]


om shri adhoksajaya namah |

[touch the right ear with index and fourth fingers]


om shri narasimhaya namah |

[touch the left ear with index and fourth fingers][ear is the seat of Indra]


om shri accyutaya namah |

[touch the navel portion with index and small fingers. Navel is the seat of



om shri janardanaya namah |

[touch the heart portion with palm of the hand][also the seat of Narayana]


om shri upendraya namah |

[touch the head with the hand]


om shri haraye namah |

[touch the right shoulder with all fingers]


om shri krishnaya namah |

[touch the left shoulder with all fingers][shoulder is the seat of Prajapati]


[By touching the respective organs of the body one has to remember & imagine

that these gods are present in these organs]


pranayamah ................... (2)


[This is preamble for Gayatri aawahana i.e. welcome, for this Shri

Hari or Paramaatmaa is R^ishhi devataa and devii gaayatrii is Channdassu.

Practice of praaNaayaamah cleanses one of impurities and provides a

resurgence of spiritual energy to revitalize one's saadhana.


In order to extinquish the sins or effect of base deeds in the previous

night for praataH Sandhyaa this verse is uttered. The pramaana says that

this mantra will destroy all the sins committed previously or previous

night if it is praataH Sandhyaa, morning if it is mandhyanika Sandhyaa and

it is afternoon till evening if it is sayan Sandhyaa.]


om pranavasya parabrahma rsih | paramatma devata |

devi gayatri chandah | pranayame viniyogah ||


om bhuh | om bhuvah | om svah | om mahah | om janah | om tapah |

om satyam | om tatsaviturvarenyam | bhargo devasya dhimahi dhiyo yo nah

pracodayat | om apojyotiraso'mrtam brahma bhurbhuvahsvarom ||


[A married man should hold the nose in all His five fingers while performing

this and bachelors and saints/seers should hold through three fingers i.e.

index, thumb and small fingers. This praaNaayaamaH has three parts to perform

and it is called rechaka, pUraka and kumbhaka. To start with one has to

leave the air from right side of the nose (1 unit of time) that is called

rechaka, secondly one has to inhale the air from left side of nose (2 units

of time) i.e. called pUraka and finally holding the air for 3 units of time

i.e. is called kumbhaka.


Meaning of this mantra is as follows : OM = Paramaatmaa who has all the

virtues is to be called OM, bhuuH = gunapUrna (complete virtues or

characters), bhuvaH = wealthy & never become pauper or most prosperous,

svaH = always happy, mahaH = prayed as the best or excellent, janaH =

creation of the world by Him, tapaH = one who has the complete knowledge,

satyaM = one who controls or decides about the liberation.


yaH = this paramaatmaa, naH = ours, dhiiyaH = mind, prachodayaat.h = initiates,

tasya = of this paramathmaa, savituH = cause of creation, devasya = special

characters, vareNyaM = prayed by all, bharga = paramaathmaa in knowledge form,

dhiimahi = pray for Him.


Apo = paramaatmaa, jyoti.h = cause of brightness, rasaH = has got essence

or substance or aananda ruupa peaceful, amR^itaM = does not have extinction,

bhuuH = complete virtues or characters, bhuvaH = prosperous and wealthy

always, svaH = always happy, OM brahma = all virtues of Paramaatmaa,

dhiimahi = praying for You.


The gist of this verse is:


Shri Hari in the form of Shri Gayatri is complete with all divine virtues,

always prosperous and wealthy, always happy, considered to be the best or

excellent, one who creates this world, one who regulates this world and

one who is being prayed by all of us.


Further, Shri Hari or paramaatmaa also has the power of creating the

brightness (enlightenment), does not have extinction, has complete knowledge,

is always prosperous and wealthy and has got complete virtues, is the

paramaatmaa (Supreme Being) whom I am praying.]


sankalpah ..................... (3)


[Hold right palm over the left palm and keep them on the right thigh and

utter the following mantra ]


shri subhe sobhane muhurte visnorajnaya pravartamanasya adya brahmanah

dvitiye parardhe shri svetavaraha kalpe vaivasvata manvantare

astavimsatitame kaliyuge prathamapade jambudvipe bharatavarse

bharatakhande dandakaranye godavaryah daksine parsve salivahanasake

bauddhavatare ramaksetre asminvartamanena candramanena asya shri

amuka samvatsare   amuka ayane   amuka rtau   amuka mase    amuka pakse

amuka tithau    amuka vasare    amuka naksatre   subhayoga subhakarana evanguna

visesana visistayam subhatithau


asmadadigurunam shrimanmadhvacaryanam hrtkamalamadhyanivasi

suryantargata shri bharatiramanamukhyapranantargata shri

laksminarayana preranaya shri laksminarayana prityartham

pratah sandhyamupasisye |


[For any prayer or performance of any sacred work whether it is Sandhyaa,

puja, yagna, or any ritual performed by any individual this customary

sankalpa has to be narrated. It denotes the commitment and determination

of the performer to rightfully and sincerely perform such sacred rituals.

Here in this sankalpa it is nothing but remembering which of the samvatsara

(year), period or season (R^itau), month (mAse), the half of lunar month

(pakshe), lunar day (tithau), day (vAsare), star of the day (nakshatre)

has to be to according to the calendar. Kaala, i.e. kaaladevata is equally

God. Even one has to remember that the prayer is initiated by paramaatmaa

and to get His blessings & love, I am performing the respective ritual.

This is a must as it has been understood that without this sankalpa the

prayer or ritual will not materialise or not received by the God.


The need for this is to totally concentrate on the present moment instead of

the usual mind's habit of either brooding over the past or dreaming of the



marjanam ....................... (4)


[Keep a spoon or ladle of water (ArgW) in the left hand and from tulasi or

basil leaves sprinkle the water in three different directions to the organs

of the body. Firstly one has to sprinkle feet, centre of the head and heart,

secondly heart, feet and centre of the head and finally centre of the head,

heart and feet like this one has to sprinkle three ways or nine times]


om apohistheti tryarcasya suktasya | sindhudvipa rsih |

apo devata gayatri chandah | marjane viniyogah ||   ........ (4.1)


om apohistha mayo bhuvah | tanaurje dadhatana |

maheranaya caksase | yovah sivatamo rasah |

tasya bhajayate hanah | usatiriva matarah |

tasma aranga mamavah yasya ksayaya jinvatha |

apojanayatha ca nah ||   ........ (4.2)


[maarjanam.h means cleansing or scouring. It is again purifying the body

and mind for offering Arghya and chanting Gayatri mantra.


For R^ik mantras sindhudviipa is R^ishhiH, paramaatmaa is devataa and

Gayatri is chhandassu.


Here is the substance of this verse. It is prayer to Water related devataas



"Hey, Water related devataas, You are bestowing on us happiness by causing

the water to flow, and You bless us with grains and other related needs

and also confer on us devotion and knowledge towards Shri Hari which guides

all of us in the path of liberation."


"Hey, Water related devataas, You are auspicious, You are very eminent,

You are bestowing on us happiness and joy and confer on all of us love like

mothers feeding and protecting their newborn kids. In order to destroy the

sins which we have committed and also to acquire knowledge we are praying

Shri Narayana who is omnipresent in the water and whom we are praying to

bless us to lead a happy life and also to liberate us at the earliest."]


jalabhimantranam ...................... (5)


[While uttering this, take a spoon of water (ArgW) and sip it after

completing the following portion]


suryascetyasya mantrasya | narayana rsih |

suryamamanyu manyupatayo ratrirdevata |

prakrtischandah | jalabhimantrane viniyogah ||   ........ (5.1)


om || suryascamamanyuscamanyupatayasca manyukrtebhyah |

papebhyoraksantam | yadratrya papamakarsam |

manasa vaca hastabhyam | padbhyamudarena sisna |

ratristadavalumpatu | yatkinca duritam mayi |

idamaham mamamrtayonau surye jyotisi juhomi svaha ||  ........ (5.2)


[The verse which has started with sUryascha, Narayana is R^ishi,

manyupathi ratri niyamaka durga is devataa and it is in prakR^iti



"Hey, paramaatmaa, You are the one who controls the Sun who is very bright,

You are the one who controls Shri Rudra who is known for His wildness

You protect us from the sins which are caused by the ferocity and the

initiatives of Shri Rudra devataas."


"Hey, paramaatmaa, please also protect me from not committing sins like,

sins during night times, sins from mind, sins by mouth or talking or

speaking, sins through hands, sins from feet, sins from belly and

sins through the sex organs. If I commit any sins, ratrii abhimani

(related) devataa should bless me to wipe it off and if any of my sins

are over, I am performing homa (burnt offering) of the same to You i.e.,

Shri Narayana who is shining in the form of Sun."]


acamana - [1]


punarmarjanam ....................... (6)


[ mantra as described in [4] should be repeated ]


apohistheti navarcasya suktasya | sindhudvipo ambariso rsih

apodevata | gayatri chandah pancami vardhamana |

saptami pratistha | antyaidve anustabhau punarmarjane

viniyogah || ........ (6.1)


om apohistha ...........  om apojanayatha ca nah ||   [4.2]


[ Procedure as described in [4] - should be repeated ]


om sam no devirabhistaye apo bhavantu pitaye |

sam yorabhisravantu nah ||   ........ (6.3)

isanam varyanam ksayantiscarsaninam |

apoyacami bhesajam ||    ........ (6.4)

apsu me somo abravidantarvisvani bhesaja |

agninca visvasambhuvam ||    ........ (6.5)

apah prnita bhesajam varutham tanve3mama |

jyokcasuryandrse ||    ........ (6.6)

idamapah pravahata yatkincaduritam mayi |

yadvahamabidudroha yadvassepa utanrtam ||  ........ (6.7)

apo adyanvacarisam rasena samagasmahi |

payasvanagna agahi tam ma samsrja varcasa ||  ........ (6.8)

sasrsistadapaso divanaktanca sasrsih |

varenyakraturahama devi ravase huve ||  ........ (6.9)


[The first three verses are already dealt in maarjanam.h para [4].


"Aapshabda vaachya Shri Paramaatma, You bless us with the wealth of needs

like drinking water, happiness and good health."  (6.3)


"Aapshabda vaachya Shri Paramaathma, the grains which are grown through water

mainly referring to rice & like food grains, You are the owner. You confer

on us the knowledge of medicine to destroy sansaric troubles for two and

four legged animals."  (6.4)


"There are different medicines in water which can cure many diseases. Hey,

Paramaatma You have manifested in the form of of water to bless us with

the knowledge to understand these curative medicines."  (6.5)


"Hey, Paramaatma, bless us with the preventive medicine i.e. knowledge for

all diseases of my body and soul so that for long time I can visualize You

in my life."  (6.6)


"Hey, Paramaatma, if I have committed any sins, if I have betrayed anybody

and if I have cursed anybody or if I have mistaken any body please

pardon me."  (6.7)


"Hey, Paramaatma, now I am following Your directions and Your principles and

I am drowning in water, You are like fire in the water and rescue me and

infuse in me Your energies."  (6.8)


There is a definite relationship between water and Narayana. Shri Hari is

incarnated and is ominipresent in water. Shri Hari created water-related

amruta (knowledge) to lead us towards liberation. For this purpose He

created day and night abhmimani (related) devataas. For acquisition of

knowledge and protection of my body (from any diseases) I am welcoming

You (Narayana) to reside in my soul and body.  (6.9)]


acamana - [1]


papapurusavisarjanam (aghamarsanam) ................. (7)


om rtancetyasya suktasya | aghamarsana rsih |

bhavavrtto devata | anustup chandah | papapurusa visarjane

viniyogah || ........... (7.1)


om rtam ca satyam cabhiddhastapasodhyajayata | tatoratryajayata tatah

samudro arnavah | samudradarvavadhisamvatsaro ajayata ||

aho ratrani vidadhadvisvasya misatovasi |

suryacandramasau dhata yatha purvamakalpayat | divam ca

prthivincantariksamatho svah ||  ............ (7.2)


[While uttering this verse take a spoon of water (ArgW) in right-palm then

after completing the verse inhale the water from right side of the nose and

exhale the air from the left side of the nose and pour out the water on

the earth on one's left side.


This verse is from pApaparihari R^ishiH, satya and bhakti devataa and

anushhTup chhanddassu . You should have the feeling that in order to

extinguish the sins committed you are offering, symbolically, a spoon full

of water.  (7.1)


Before Brahma thought about anything, Paramaatma created truth, from the

same Paramaatma night was born and from the same Paramaathma ocean was born.


Paramaatma, the supreme head of everything, created the following in that

order: four-headed Brahma, night, day and all kinds of living beings.


Paramaatma, one who is the cause of creation has created first the Sun

& the moon, then He created heaven, then He created the universe, then He

created the sky and then He created heavenly bodies.  (7.2)]


arghyapradanam ......................... (8)


pranayamah   [2]




om purvokta evam guna visesana visistayam subhatithau

suryantargata shri bharathiramana mukhyapranantargata

savitrnamaka shri laksminarayana preranaya shri laksminarayana

prityartham prathah sandhyanga arghya pradhanam karisye || ..... (8.1)


om pranavasya parabrahma rsih | paramatma devata |

devi gayatri chandah | vyahrtinam prajapati rsih |

agnivayusurya devata | gayatryusniganustubhah chandamsi |

gayatryah visvamitra rsih | savita devata | gayatri chandah

pratararghyapradhane viniyogah ||  .......... (8.2)


om bhurbhuvah svah | tatsaviturvarenyam | bhargo devasya dhimahi

dhiyo yonah pracodayat om ||                 (ityarghyam)  ....  (8.3)


[Pratah Arghya should be offered facing the Sun i.e. facing East, you should

be in standing position, seeing the Sun, both the hands should fold make like

cow's face or bowl and it should be upto your nose's height.


Write this figure (yantra) and words (preferably in devanagari script)

using your small finger in the bowl where arghya offering water (ArgW)

has been kept:





                        svah  vam bhuh






There is story behind this offering Arghya : Mandeha's were powerful Asuraas

(demons) and they are devoted to Shri Brahma. They got a boon from Him that

even if they die one day they should be born the next day. They were trying

to consume the Sun God himself as a result of these Arghyas; Whenever they

were killed, because of Brahma's blessings they are born the next day. It

is believed this process goes on even now. In order to kill these Asuraas

and to protect the Sun God for illuminating all of us, we have to offer

three Arghyas on each occassion. Three Arghyas are offered as follows:

the first one is to destroy the Asuraas' vechicle, the second to destroy

their weapons and the third to kill them. This story has been explained

in Vishnu Purana of 8th chapter.


If the prescribed time for performing Sandhyaa has passed, You have to offer

the fourth Arghya as compensation.]


om praticksvetyasya mantrasya vasistha rsih | indra somau devata |

anustup chandah | arghyadhikararthe atma samraksanarthe ca

jape viniyogah ||  ........... (8.4)


harih om | praticaksva vicaksvendrasca somajagrtam

raksobhyo vadhamasyatamasanim yatu madbhyah ||  ........... (8.5)


asya shri gayatri sirasah brahmarsih | apo devata gayatri

chandah gayatryakarsane viniyogah ||   ........... (8.6)


om apojyotiraso'mrtam brahma bhurbhuvahsvarom ||  ....... (8.7)


[For pratichxva verse Vashishhta is R^ishI, Moon and Indra are devataas

and anushhTup chhannadassu. This verse is for obtaining eligibility and

capability for offering Arghya and protection of the soul.


The presence of Moon and Indra is invoked to watch out Asuraas see that the

later will not spoil the process of performing Sandhyaa and prevent the

performer realising the benefits thereof. It is believed that both Sun &

Indra are capable of killing or destroying these Asuraas, who cause

impediments and even destroy the process of performing sacred rituals.

The Lord Indra, the head of devataas, uses His weapon, Vajrayudha for the



prayascittarghyam  .............. (8.8)


sandhya kalatikramadosa prayascittartham caturtharghya pradanam

karisye ||


om bhurbhuvahsvah | om tatsaviturvarenyam bhargo devasya dhimahi |

dhiyo yonah pracodayat || om apojyotiraso'mrtam brahma

bhurbhuvahsvarom ||              (ityarghyam)


devata tarpanam  ................... (8.9)


[Devataa tarpaNa should be given to every day. For shukla paksha (first

half of lunar month) devataa tarpaNa is given with the first 12 names of

Vishnu (keshava etc.) and during krishna paksha (second half of lunar month)

it is given with the 12 names starting from sankarshana. The procedure for

giving tarpaNa is: take one ladle full of water from ArgW in left hand and

pour it on right hand fingers so that it falls through the fingers

(except thumb) to ArgP.  This tarpaNa should not be given on ekadashi,



[During shukla paksha]


kesavam tarpayami | narayanam tarpayami | madhavam tarpayami |

govindam tarpayami | visnum tarpayami | madhusudanam tarpayami |

trivikramam tarpayami | vamanam tarpayami | shridharam tarpayami |

hrsikesam tarpayami | padmanabham tarpayami |

damodaram tarpayami |


[During krishNa paksha]


sankarsanam tarpayami | vasudevam tarpayami | pradyumnam tarpayami |

aniruddham tarpayami | purusottamam tarpayami | adhoksajam tarpayami |

narasimham tarpayami | acyutam tarpayami | janardanam tarpayami |

upendram tarpayami | harim tarpayami | shrikrishnam tarpayami |


[During both shukla paksha and krishna paksha]


indram tarpayami | agnim tarpayami | yamam tarpayami |

nirrtim tarpayami | varunam tarpayami | vayum tarpayami |

kuberam tarpayami | isanam tarpayami | adityam tarpayami |

candram tarpayami | kujam tarpayami | budham tarpayami |

gurum tarpayami | sukram tarpayami | sanim tarpayami |

rahum tarpayami | ketum tarpayami |


dhyana slokam  ................... (8.10)


hrdayasthatu gayatri hrdguhamukhanihsrta |

hatva hyadittha satrumsca pravisya hrdayam mama ||


ramapatim purnagunam mukundavyasam ca vijnana sahasrabhanum |

purnaprabodham ca sutattva dipam kramat gurumsca pranamami

murdhna  ||


bhutoccatanam ......................... (9)


apasarpantvityasya mantrasya vamadevo rsih bhutani devata

anustup chandah bhutoccatane viniyogah ||   .......... (9.1)


apasarpantu e bhuta e bhuta bhuvi samsthitah |

e bhuta vighnakartarastenasyantu sivajnaya ||

apakramantu e bhutah krurascaiva tu raksasah |

yascatra nivasantaiva devata bhuvi santatam |

tesamapyavirodhena brahma karma samarabhe ||   .............. (9.2)


[This verse is from Vamadevaka namaka Paramaatma, Bhutani devataa and

anushhTup chhandassu.


Meaning : All Asuraas living on this earth should disappear. Those Asuraas

who obstruct good and sacred work should be destroyed by the orders of

Shri Rudra devataa.


It is a prayer to the existing devataas who are present in different forms

and taking their permission to start the sacred Sandhyaa and request or pray

to them to destroy all Asuraas, devils etc who are obstructing the ritual.]


[Those who have got the upadesha of  tatvanyaasa, maatR^ikaanyaasa etc., should

do them here. aasanashuddhiH will be a part of that. After tatvanyaasa and

maatR^ikaanyaasa, do Gayatri Japa and naaraayaNa ashhTakshara mantra japa,

follwed by any other mahaa mantra, then again maatR^ikaanyaasa and tatvanyaasa

then sa.ndhyopasthAnam.h (which will be posted later) ]


asanasuddhih .............................. (10)


nirastah paravasuh idamahamarva vasoh sadanesidami asane somamandale

kurmaskandhe upavisthosmi | prthviti mantrasya meruprstha

rsih | kurmo devata | sutalam chandah | asane viniyogah ||

anantasanayanamah | kurmasanayanamah |  .......... (10.1)


prthivi tvaya dhrta loka devi tvam visnunadhrta | tvam ca

dharaya mam devi pavitram kuru casanam || mam ca putam kurudhare

natosmi tvam suresvari ||  .......... (10.2)


om ityekaksaram brahma | agnirdevata brahma ityarsam | gayatram

chandah | paramatmam sarupam sayujyam viniyogah ||  ........ (10.3)


ayatvityasyamantrasya | vamadevarsih | gayatri pratipadya

shri narayano devata | anustup chandah | gayatrai avhaahane

viniyogah ||  ........... (10.4)


ayatu varadadevi | aksarambrahma sammitam | gayatri chandasam

matedam brahma jusasvame | yadahnatkurutepapam tadahnatpratimuccyate |

yadratriyatkurutepapam tadratriyatpratimuccyate |

sarvavarne mahadevi sandhyavidye sarasvati ||  ........... (10.5)


ojosi sahosi balamasi bhrajosi | devanam dhamanamasi |

visvamasi visvauh sarvamasi survaurabhibhorom ||

gayatrimavahayami savitrimavahayami sarasvatimavahayami

chandarsinavahayami shriyamavahayami balamavahayami || ........... (10.6)


gayatryah gayatrichando visvamitrarsih savita devata |

agnirmukham | brahmasirah | visnuhhrdayam | rudrah sikha |

prthivi yonih pranapana vyanodana samana sapranaraktavarna |

sankhyayanasagotra | gayatri caturvimsatyaksaratripada

satkuksih | pancasirsopanayane viniyogah ||  ........... (10.7)


[Paravasu was killed, I am living in the hearts of arvahasu. This has been

told by Surya (Sun). By reciting this cut a thread of the cloth worn by

you and make two small pieces. Throw the one on the left hand, on the left

side and keep the other under the seat.


Silently think like this. Earth is like four poles i.e. four sides (North,

South, East & West) having a seat like the turtle/tortoise (referring to

kurma incarnation). I am sitting on that. Parmaatma is sleeping on top

of snake (shesha) bed. I am bowing to You. I am bowing to Vishnu Kurma

(tortoise) one who is protecting the earth (Brahmanda) from destruction.


For Prithvi verse merupR^ishhTha is R^ishi kuurma (tortoise) is the devataa

sutalam is chhanndassu. After this, settle on the seat for chanting Gayatri



Prayer to Prithvi i.e. earth. All regions of Loka are covered by You,

Prithvi Namaka Daivi, You are decorated by Vishnu vakya Paramaatma. Hey,

Prithivi, You authorise me by purifying the seat where I am sitting.

Prithivi, You also purify me. You are very special and I am bowing You.

By uttering this, touch the seat and bow to it.


Paramaatma is called as OM; He has got the form of Brahma and Agni devataa.

Like the same Brahma is R^ishi, Gayatri chhanddassu and in the form of OM.


'Ayaatu' verse is to welcome Gayatri. For this verse Vasudevaka Paramaathma

is R^ishi, Gayatri Pratipadya Narayana is devataa and it is in anushhTup



"Hey, Wealth bestowing devataa, bless us with Brahma verse (Gayatri) which

is immortal and is considered to be the mother of all Vedas (Gayatri);

Please bless me Para Brahma (Gayatri verse). By uttering this Gayatri

verse all the sins committed by me in my daily life will be destroyed



"I am praying to Paramaathma, who is in the form of Saraswathi who is also

Sandhyaa devataa and knowledge devataa. Please extinguish, through the night

related devataa who is none other than Shri Hari, all my sins committed in

the night."


This is a prayer to Paramaatma who is in the form of Gayatri. "Hey,

Paramaatma - You are instrumental for everythig, You have all the patience,

You have all the powers, You have the vision, for devataas You are Sharanya

(protecting them), You are ominipresent, You have complete form, You are

controlling everything, You are instrumental for everybody's life-activities

and enemies are being defeated by Your single word 'OM'. By all the above

things You are being called Paramatma by the name Gayatri, the same

Gayatri I am inviting in my mind (aahvaana), I am welcoming Savitri, I am

welcoming Saraswati, I am inviting Chhanddassu, R^ishis, Parabrahma, I am

inviting Lakshmi and Vayu who is well known for His powers."


For Gayatri verse, Gayatri is Channdassu, Vishwamitra is R^ishi and

Paramaatma who is called very sacred (savitR^inamaka). This Paramaatma is

in the following form : His appearance is like fire in His body, His face

is like four headed Brahma, He has got the heart which is covered by the

whole universe, He appears like Rudra, He has the Sankarshana's hair, He

is the earth, He has yoni sthana, He has five vital airs like praNa, apAna,

vyAna, udana and samana and He has upa prana like devadatta, kurma, kR^ikara,

dhananjaya and naaga, His colour appears like blood and He belongs to

sankhyasana gotra. He has been called in 24 keshava namas, His presence is

there in all three places i.e.. earth, vaikuntha and paataala, He has covered

in all four regions (i.e. North, South, East and West), He has five heads

like vyakarana, shiksha, kalpa, nirukta and jyotishha this Gayatri I am

praying and worshipping.]


pranayamah - [2]


om pranavasya ||| amrtam brahma bhurbhuvasvarom ||


gayatri japah .............................. (11)


karanyasah   ............ (11.1)


[By uttering these verses one has to touch the respective organs]


om tatsaviturangusthabhyam namah | [thumb finger]

om varenyam tarjanibhyam namah | [index finger]

om bhargo devasya madhyamabhyam namah | [middle finger]

om dhimahi anamikabhyam namah | [ring finger]

om dhiyo yo nah kanisthikabhyam namah | [small finger]

om pracodayat karatalakaraprsthabhyam namah | [front & back side of

the hands]


sadanganyasah  .......... (11.2)


om tatsaviturhrdayaya namah | [heart]

om varenyam sirase svaha | [centre portion of the head]

om bhargodevasya sikhayaivausat | [back portion of the hair of the head]

om dhimahi kavacaya hum | [both shoulders]

om dhiyo yo nah netrabhyam vasat | [both eyes]

om pracodayat astrayaphat | [clap]

om bhurbhuvahsvarom |


agaccha varade devi jape me sannidhau bhava |

gayantam trayase yasmadgayatri tvam tatah smrta ||  ....... (11.3)


["Hey, Gayatri, You are very special, please come and be present in me; You

are protecting all of us and You are well known as Gayatri, whom I am praying."]


asya shri gayatrimantrasya savitrnamaka shri laksminarayano devata |

shri laksminarayana prasadasiddhyarthe yathasakti jape viniyogah ||


dhyanam  ................. (11.4)


dhyayetsada savitrmandalamadhyavarti narayanah sarasijasanivistah |

keyuravan makarakundalavan kiriti hari hiranmayavapuh

dhrtasankhacakrah ||


bharatiramana mukhyapranantargata savitrnamaka shri laksmi

narayana preranaya savitrnamaka shri laksminarayana prityartham

yathasakti gayatrimantrajapam karisye ||


[For this Gayathri verse, vishwamitra is R^ishi, Shri Lakshmi Narayana is

devataa, in order to impress Shri Lakshmi Narayana, and in order to get love

and affection from Shri Lakshmi Narayana I am reciting this according to my

abilities & capabilities.


While reciting the japa, imagine the following picture of Shri Lakshmi Narayana

who is the subject and object of your prayer. They are :


Settled in the centre of the Sun, He is sitting in the posture of a yogi

(padmasana), He has been decorated with the ornament of shoulder, He has

worn ear rings, He has put head gear, He has the necklace, He has the

body of hiranya and He has conch shell and wheel on His both hands. The

same Shri Lakshmi Narayna is the subject and object of my prayer. This prayer

is initiated by Shri Lakshmi Narayana and I am praying to please Him and to

get love from Him. I am chanting this verse sincerely according to my

abilities and capabilites.


Take note of the following guidelines while reciting Gayatri Japa :


1. Laughing/Smiling, talking with others, looking here and there, sitting

other than in the posture of yogi, hands together, allowing the mind to

wander, touching the places which are below the navel portion etc., which

are all unholy, should not be done.


2. Reciting should be with calmness and peace of mind.


3. PrataH Sandhyaa Gayathri japa can be recited by standing & facing towards

the East till the Sunrise. Later it can be recited either standing or sitting.

But Madhyanika Gayathri japa and Sayam Sandhyaa Gayathri japa should be

recited only sitting.


4. While counting the beads, cover the right hand either by the left hand or

with a cloth and the number of Gayatri mantraH to be recited should be ten

or in geometrical progression thereof (i.e. 100, 1000 etc.)


5. Pause after every 5 verses.


6. There are three methods of uttering Gayatri verses. One is by uttering

loudly, second is whispering i.e. speaking through lips without being heard by

any body and third silently chanting in your mind, always dwelling on their

meaning. It is believed that the third method is better than the second and

second one is better than the first.


7. Counting of the Gayatri verses should be done through finger beads on

circular basis in clockwise direction. Start counting from middle bead of

ring finger (1), come down to bottom bead (2), traverse through bottom (3),

middle (4) and top bead (5) of little finger, top of ring finger (6),

 8. Hands should rest just above the navel during Pratah Sandhyaa, on the

chest during Madhyahnika and on the nose during Sayam Sandhyaa.


9. Generally, the Gayatri japa should be performed at the same place where

Sandhyaa is performed.]


gayatri mantrah


om bhurbhuvah svah | tatsaviturvarenyam | bhargo devasya dhimahi

dhiyo yonah pracodayat om ||  ...... (11.5)

                                  (iti 1000 100 10 varam japet|h)


punah pranayama karanyasa sadanganyasa rsichandasu krtva

dhyanam ca krtva


bhagavan savitrnamaka shri laksmi narayanapreranaya savitrnamaka

shri laksminarayana prityartham pratassandhyanga shri gayatrimantrajapah

sampurnah | shri krishnarpanamastu ||   .............. (11.6)


pranayamah - [2]


om pranavasya parabrahma                brahma bhurbhuvahsvarom ||


astaksaramantrah  .................. (11.7)


bharatiramana mukhyapranantargata savitrnamaka shri laksmi

narayana preranaya savitrnamaka shri laksminarayana prityartham

yathasakti narayana astaksaramantram karisye ||


        || om om namo narayanaya om ||


[It is also believed that one should recite naaraayaNa ashhTaakshara mantra

after the Gayatri japa. It should be in 1:3 proportion, i.e.for every 10

Gayatri, you should recite 30 narayana ashhTaakshara mantra. After reciting

that, for every 10 Narayana ashhTaakshara MantraH you should offer one Arghya

i.e. in above case you have to offer 3 Arghyas.]


bhagavan savitrnamaka shri laksmi narayanapreranaya savitrnamaka

shri laksminarayana prityartham pratassandhyanga shri narayana

astaksaramantram sampurnam | shri krishnarpanamastu ||  ..... (11.8)


sandhyopasthanam .......................... (12)


jatavedasa ityasya mantrasya kasyapa rsih | durgajatavedagnirdevata |

tristup chandah sandhyopasthane viniyogah ||


om jatavedase sunavama somamaratiyato nidahati vedah sa nah parsadatidurgani

visva naveva sindhum duritatyagnih ||  ............... (12.1)


taccnyorityasya samyurvisvedevah sakvari chandah |

santarthe jape viniyogah ||


om taccanyoravrnimahe gatum yagjnaya gatum yagjnapataye |

devihsvastirastunah | svastirmanusyebhyah |

urdhvam jigatu bhesajam | sanno astu dvipade sam catuspade || .......(12.2)


namo brahmana ityasya mantrasya vamadevo rsih

lingokta devata | tristup chandah sandhyopasthane viniyogah ||


om namo brahmane namo astavgnaye namah prthivyai namah osadibhyah |

namo vace namo vacaspataye namo visnave mahate karomi ||  ..... (12.3)

(iti trivaram pradaksinam krtva)


[For jATavedasE verse kashyapa is R^ishi, jATadevagni is devataa,

trishhTup chhanndasu.


It is a prayer to Paramaatma to extinguish the impact of all our sins. "Hey,

Paramaatma, please solve or extinguish all our sins like the boats crossing the

stormy ocean, here ocean is like Samsaric hurdles and boat or ship is

like You and You have to take through these difficulties and make us happy.

It is also said that You are the cause of knowledge and I pray to you confer

that knowledge on us to solve our problems like crushing the somalata

(juice) or crushing the enemies or burning enemies, who come out cause

difficulties in our life, with the knowledge acquired."  [12.1]


For tachhayo verse shamu is R^ishi, vishwa devataa is devataa, shakwari is

channddassu. To take refuge with Paramaatma this verse is being uttered.


This prayer is for Paramaathma who is in the form of Dhanvanthri - God for

all medicines.


I am praying You to confer on me with all kinds of medicines which can cure

my existing diseases and also bless me with the preventive medicines for

any possible future diseases also.


I am praying to confer on me the determination to perform all my duties,

including the sacred work like yagna (burnt offering) to attain salvation,

with sincerity and dedication


I would like to attain Moksha like any other devataas by doing only satvik

work in my life.


I would like to win over the heart of Paramaatma, who is in the form of

Gayatri and who can bless me to solve or extinguish all problems in my

mundane life and bless me with the remedies and who keeps all human beings,

all animals and all other living beings happy.  [12.2]


For namo brahmane verse vAma deva is R^ishi, lingothkya devataa and trishhTup



I am bowing to Veda, I am bowing to Fire & related devataas, I am bowing to

the universe, I am bowing to medicines, I am bowing to speech related devataa

Shri Saraswati, I am bowing to four headed Brahma & I am bowing to the one

who is being prayed by all and who is omnipresent. [12.3] ]


disaam digisanaam namanam .......................... (13)

[Bowing to different poles ]


om namah pracyai dise yasca devatah etasyam prativasanti

etabhyasca namo namah | [East pole devataa I am bowing to You]


om namah daksinayai dise yasca devatah etasyam prativasanti

etabhyasca namo namah | [South....]


om namah praticyai dise yasca devatah etasyam prativasanti

etabhyasca namo namah | [West....]


om namah udicyai dise yasca devatah etasyam prativasanti

etabhyasca namo namah | [North...]


om namah urdhvayai dise yasca devatah etasyam prativasanti

etabhyasca namo namah | [High rised up height..]


om namah adharayai dise yasca devatah etasyam prativasanti

etabhyasca namo namah | [Lower...]


om namah antariksayai dise yasca devatah etasyam prativasanti

etabhyasca namo namah | [Atmosphere or sky....]


om namah avantarayai dise yasca devatah etasyam prativasanti

etabhyasca namo namah | [Intermediate or subordinate..]


om indraya namah | om gayatryai namah |

om agnaye namah | om savitraye namah |

om yamaya namah | om sarasvatyai namah |

om nirtaye namah | om sarvabhyodevatabhyo namah |

om varunaya namah | om devibhyo namah |

om vayave namah | om rsibhyo namah |

om kuberaya namah | om gurubhyo namah |

om isanaya namah | om munibhyo namah |

om brahmane namah | om matrbhyo namah |

om anantaya namah | om pitrbhyo namah |

om sandhyayai namah | om acaryebhyo namah |

om kamokarsinamo namah | om manyurakarsinamo namah ||  ......... (13.1)


["Hey,devataas I am bowing to You, who always create noble desires and inspire

me towards God"]


om namo bhagavate vasudevaya |

yam sada sarvabhutani sthavarani carani ca |

sayam pratarnamasyati sa mam sandhyabhiraksatu ||  ........... (13.2)


[I am bowing to You, who is said to have six virtues; I am bowing to Your

wealth and I am bowing to Your resources and I am bowing to the one who is

omnipresent. ]


"Hey, Paramaatma, You have been called and praised in different forms as

Sandhyaa namaka, even animals will bow to You during Sandhyaa time, i.e. both

early morning and evening. Hey, Sandhyaa devataa related Paramaathma please

protect me."


"One who is born as Devaki's son, You are loved & liked by the Brahmins, You

have killed the Asuraa called Madhu, You have beautiful eyes, You are omini

present, You are immortal, You have sportive qualities, You always do satvik

work and bestow beneficial things on cows and brahmins, You have got complete

knowledge, You are the one who has spelt Vedas for the first time, Hey,

Paramaatma I am bowing to You."]


sa mam sandhyabhiraksatu om namo namah

brahmanyo devakiputro brahmanyo madhusudanah

brahmanyah pundarikakso brahmanyo visnuracyutah ||  .......... (13.3)


namo brahmanyadevaya gobrahmanahitaya ca

jagaddhitaya krishnaya govindaya namo namah ||  .......... (13.4)


ksirena snapite devi candanena vilepite

bilvapatrarcite devi durge'ham saranam gatah |

shri durgeham saranagatah om namo namah || ............. (13.5)


["Hey, Godess Durga, I take refuge to You. You are sprinkled or bathed in

milk, You have been decorated with sandal paste and bael tree leaves.

I am bowing to You."]


gayatryudvasanam ........................... (14)


asya gayatri udvasana mantrasya ityasya vamadevarsih |

gayatri devata | anustup chandah | gayatryudvasane viniyogah ||


uttame sikhare jate bhumyam parvatamurdhini |

brahmanebhyobhyanujnata gaccha devi yathasukham |

shrigaccha devi yatha sukham gacchatu om namo namah ||  ........... (14.1)


sarvavedesu yatpunyam sarvatirthesu yatphalam

tatphalam samavapnoti stutva devam janardanam |

akasaat patitam toyam yatha gacchati sagaram

sarvadeva namaskarah kesavam pratigacchati |

shri kesavam prati gacchatu || ................. (14.2)


vasanadvasudevosi vasitam te jagattrayam

sarvabhutanivaso'si vasudeva namostute || ................. (14.3)


namo'stvanantaya sahasramurtaye

sahasrapadaksi siroru bahave |

sahasranamne purusaya sasvate

sahastrakotiyugadharine namah || ................. (14.4)


[For Gayatri udwasa verse vamadeva is risi, Gayatri devata and

anushhtup chhanndassu.


I am praying to Paramaatma in the form of Gayatri who is omnipresent in

this unverse, including mountains. I am praying to You to get liberated and I

know You will listen and even obey those who are devoted (brahmins) to You.


I am praying to you, Paramaatma in the form of Gayatri, through Gayantri

mantra as it will confer on me virutes of uttering complete Vedas, it will

confer on me virutes of taking bath in all holy rivers and I am praying this

Mantra to Shri Hari who will kill or destroy all wicked people.


Just like all rain-water falling on earth ultimately reach the ocean,

all prayers reach Keshava.


I bow to You Shri Lakshmi Narayana in the form of Vasudeva. You have been

called Vasudeva because the entire universe has taken refuge in You or the

entire universe is inside You, all three Lokas are in You, all jivas, living

beings and animals have taken refuge in You and You are protecting them.


You have been called Ananta, I bow to You. Anantha means You don't have

any particular place (You are omnipresent), limitless and You are replete

with divine virtues. You have incarnated in thousands of forms, You have

thousands of feet, eyes, heads, legs, shoulders and You have been called on in

thousands of names, I bow to You, one who is holding thousand wheels. You

have been called Keshava wherein fire is present inside You, please make

my mind sacred to remember always Your different forms.]


gotrabhivadanam ......................... (15)


om bhadram no apivataya manah | om santih santih santih ||


sarvarista santirastu | samasta mangalavaptirastu ||

catussagaraparyantam gobrahmanebhyah subham bhavatu ||

amuka gotra    rgsakhadhyayi      sarmn ahambho

abhivadaye | abhivadayami ||  ................ (15.1)


[myself bowing to You (You should hold the ears from both the hands i.e.

holding left ear from middle and forefingers of right hand and holding right

ear from middle and forefingers of left hand, after telling the pravara

one should touch the earth.)


Please confer on me welfare, wealth resources and peace and destroy all bad



Please confer welfare on the cows & brahmins who will be there across the

four oceans.]


samapanam .......................... (16)


yasya smrtya ca namoktya tapassandhyakriyadisu |

nyunam sampurnatam yati sadyo vande tamacyutam |

mantrahinam kriyahinam bhaktihinam ramapate |

yatkrtam tu maya deva paripurnam tadastu me |


[By performing penance, Sandhyaa, karma etc and by remembering Paramaatma in

His different names, His complete virtues and the One who is immortal, any

mistakes committed while performing the above will be extinguishd and the

devotee will get complete benefits of performing the ritual.


"If by any chance if I have committed any mistake while reciting the

Mantras, while performing the Sandhyaa and while remembering You, Hey,

Paramaathma - who is in the form of Shri Lakshmi Narayana, please pardon me

and confer on me the full benefits of performing this ritual."]


anena pratahsandhyavandanena bhagavan shri manmadhvacaryanam

hrtkamalamadhyanivasi anantakalyanagunaparipurnah ksirabdhisayi

nirdosanandatmakah bharatiramanamukhyapranantargata

savitrnamaka shri laksminarayanah priyataam | prito varado bhavatu |

shri krishnarpanamastu ||  ................. (16.1)


[Hold the ArgW in right hand, chant the above mantra and after completing

the same, pour the water in hand to Arghya patra (ArgP).


By performing this Sandhyaa, Paramaatma who is said to have six virtues and

all six resources of wealth, who is residing in Shri Madhawacharya's heart,

who has immense divine virtues, which is full of virtues, who is sleeping

in milky ocean who does not have any vices and who is omniscient, who is

praised by Bharati and Shri Mukhya Prana (and who is devoted to Shri Lakshmi

Narayna), to please You and get Your love I am performing this and kindly

grace me with your blessings.]


acamana - [1]


accyutaya namah | anantaya namah | govindaya namah |

accyutanantagovindebhyonamah ||  ................. (16.2)


kayena vaca manasendriyairva budhyatmana va prakrtisvabhavat |

karomi yadyatsakalam parasmai narayanayeti samarpayami ||  ........... (16.3)


[I am offering to Shri Narayana, who is replete with divine virtues, all my

deeds through my body, my mouth, my mind, my conscience, organs of my body,

my perception, my soul and my natural disposition.]


yadaksarapadabhrastam matrahinam ca yadbhveat |

tatsarvam ksamyatam deva narayana namo'stu te ||  ............... (16.4)


iti rgvediya asvalayana pratah sandhyavandanam sampurnam ||


bharatiramana mukhyapranantargata shri laksmi narayanaya

priyatam priyato varado bhavatu ||


|| shri krishnarpanamastu || shri madhvesarpanamastu ||

        || harih om ||