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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Vedas > Purusha-Sukta

Purusha-Sukta

 

OM sahasra sirsha purusha sahasraksha sahasrapat sa bhumim vishvato vritva

tyatishthad dashangulam

 

"A thousand heads hath the Purusha, a thousand eyes, a thousand feet. Though He pervades the universe on all sides, yet He occupies a space ten fingers wide (the heart).

 

Purusha evedam sarvam yadbhutam yachcha bhavyam. Utamritatvasyeshano

yadannenatirohati

 

"This Purusha is all that yet hath been and all that is to be. Though Lord of immortality yet through matter He evolves that the jivas may get their karmaphala, the fruits of actions.

 

Etavanasya mahimato jyayamscha purushah Pado 'sya vishvabhutani tripadasya

mritam divi

 

"All this proclaims His greatness, but greater than this is the Purusha. All creatures are one-fourth of Him, three-fourths are eternality in the transcendental realm.

 

Tripadurdhva udait Purusha pado'sye habhavat punah.

Tato vishva vyakramat sashana nashane abhi

 

"With three fourths the Purusha went up; one-fourth of Him again was here. Thence He strode out to every side over what eats not and what eats.

 

Tasmad viratajayata virajo adhipurusha; sajato atya richyata pashchad

bhumim atho purah

 

"From Him Viraja was born; again a Purusha from Viraja was born. As soon as He was born He spread, eastward and westward o'er the earth.

 

Yat purushena havisha deva yajnam atanvata

Vasanto asyashid ajyam grishma idhmah sharad havih

 

"When Gods prepared the sacrifice with the Purusha as their offering, its oil was spring, the holy gift was autumn, summer was the wood.

 

Tam yajnam barhishi praukshan purusham jatam agratah

Tena deva ayajanta sadhya rishayah cha ye

 

"They balmed as victim on the grass the Purusha born in the earliest time.

With Him the deities and all Sadhyas and Rishis sacrificed.

 

Tasmad yajnat sarva hutah sambhritam prishadahyam

Pashun tams chakre vayavyan aranyan gramyash cha ye

 

"From that great general sacrifice the dripping fat was gathered up.

He formed the creatures of the air, and animals both wild and tame.

 

Tasmad yajnat sarva huta richah samani jajnire

Chhandamsi jajnire tasmad yajus tasmad ajayata

 

"From that great general sacrifice Richas and Sama hymns were born;

Therefrom were spells and charms produced; the Yajus had its birth from it.

 

Tasmad ashva ajayanta, ye ke cha ubhayadatah

Gavo ha jajnire tasmat, tasmat jatah ajavayah

 

"From it horses were born, from it all cattle with two rows of teeth;

From it were generated kine, from it the goat and sheep were born.

 

Yat Purusham yadaduh katidha vyakalpayan

Mukham kim asya kau bahu ka uru pada uchyete

 

"When they divided Purusha how many portions did they make?

What do they call His mouth, His arms? What do they call his thighs and feet?"

 

Brahmano'sya mukham asid, bahu Rajanyah kritah

Uru tad asya yad Vaishyah, padbhyam Shudro ajayata

 

"The Brahmana was His mouth, of both arms was the Rajanya made.

His thighs became the Vaishya, from His feet the Shudra was produced.

 

Chandraama manaso jatash chakshoh Suryo ajayata

Mukhad Indrash chagnis cha, Pranad Vayur ajayata

 

"The moon was gendered from His mind, from His eye the sun had birth;

Indra and Agni from His mouth were born and Vayu from his breath.

 

Nabhya asid antariksam shirshno Dyauh samavartata

Padbhyam Bhumir disha shrotrat tathalokan akalpayan

 

"Forth from His navel came mid-air; the sky was fashioned from His head; Earth from His feet and from His ear the regions. Thus they formed the worlds.

 

Saptasyasan paridhayas trih sapta samidhah kritah

Deva yad yajnam tanvana abadhnan Purusham pashum

 

"Seven fencing sticks had He, thrice seven layers of fuel were prepared;

When the gods offering sacrifice, bound, as their victim, Purusha.

 

Yajena yajnam ayajanta devas tani dharmani prathamany asan

Te ha nakam mahimanah sachanta yatra purve sadhyah santi devah

 

"Gods sacrificing, sacrificed the victim. These were the earliest holy ordinances.

The mighty ones attained the height of heaven, there where the Sadhyas, gods of old, are dwelling.