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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Upanishads > Taittiriya Upanishad > Part Three Regarding Varuna and Bhrigu

Part Three

Regarding Varuna and Bhrigu

Chapter I-Definition of Brahman

Om. May Brahman protect us both! May Brahman bestow upon us both the fruit of Knowledge! May we both obtain the energy to acquire Knowledge! May what we both study reveal the Truth! May we cherish no ill-feeling toward each other!

Om. Peace! Peace! Peace!

Harih Om. Bhrigu, the son of Varuna, approached his father Varuna and said: "Venerable Sir, teach me about Brahman."

To him, the son, he said this: "Food, the vital breath, the eye, the ear, the mind, speech."

To him he said further: "That from which these beings are born, That by which, when born, they live, That into which they enter, they merge-seek to know That. That is Brahman."

He performed austerities. Having performed austerities-

Chapter II-The Body as Brahman

He realised that food is Brahman; for from food, verily, are these beings born; by food, when born, do they live; into food do they enter, do they merge.

Having realised this, he approached his father again and said:

"Venerable Sir, teach me Brahman."

To him, the son, he said this: "Seek to know Brahman by means of austerities. For austerities are Brahman."

He practised austerities. Having practised austerities-

Chapter III-The Prana as Brahman

He realised that the prana is Brahman; for from the prana, verily, are these beings born; by the prana, when born, do they live; into the prana do they enter, do they merge.

Having realised this, he approached his father again and said:

"Venerable Sir, teach me Brahman."

TO him, the son, he said this: "Seek to know Brahman by means of austerities. For austerities are Brahman."

He practised austerities. Having practised austerities-

Chapter IV-The Mind as Brahman

He realised that the mind is Brahman; for from the mind, verily, are these beings born; by the mind, when born, do they live; into the mind do they enter, do they merge.

Having realised this, he approached his father again and said:

"Venerable Sir, teach me Brahman."

To him, the son, he said this: "Seek to know Brahman by means of austerities; for austerities are Brahman."

He practised austerities. Having practised austerities-

Chapter V-The Intellect as Brahman

He realised that the intellect is Brahman; for from the intellect, verily, are these beings born; by the intellect, when born, do they live; into the intellect do they enter, do they merge.

Having realised this, he approached his father again and said:

"Venerable Sir, teach me Brahman."

To him, the son, he said this: "Seek to know Brahman by means of austerities; for austerities are Brahman."

He practised austerities. Having practised austerities-

Chapter VI-Bliss as Brahman

He realised that Bliss is Brahman; for from Bliss, verily, are these beings born; by bliss, when born, do they live; into bliss do they enter, do they merge.

This is the wisdom taught by Varuna and learnt by Bhrigu. It is established in the heart. He who knows this is established in the Bliss of Brahman. He becomes a possessor of food and an eater of food. He becomes great in offspring and cattle and in spiritual radiance and great in fame.

Chapter VII-The Importance of Food (1)

Let him never condemn food; that is the vow.

The prana is, verily, food; the body is the eater of food. The body rests on the prana; the prana rest on the body. Thus food rests on food.

He who knows this resting of food on food is established; he becomes a possessor of food and an eater of food. He becomes great in offspring and cattle and in spiritual radiance and great in fame.

Chapter VIII-The Importance of Food (2)

Let him never abandon food; that is the vow.

Water is, verily, food; fire is the eater. Fire rests on water and water rests on fire. Thus food rests on food.

He who knows this resting of food on food is established; he becomes a possessor of food and an eater of food. He becomes great in offspring and cattle and in spiritual radiance and great in fame.

Chapter IX-The Importance of Food (3)

Let him make food plentiful; that is the vow.

The earth is, verily, food; the akasa is the eater. The akasa rests on the earth and the earth rests on the akasa. Thus food rests on food.

He who knows this resting of food on food is established; he becomes a possessor of food and an eater of food. He becomes great in offspring and cattle and in spiritual radiance and great in fame.

Chapter X-Meditation on Brahman

Let him not deny lodgings to anyone: this is the vow. Therefore he should procure much food by any means whatsoever. He should say: "The food has been prepared for you."

If this food is given first, food comes to the giver first. If this food is given in the middle, food comes to the giver in the middle. If this food is given last, food comes to the giver last.

He who knows this.

One should meditate on Brahman as preservation in speech, as acquisition and preservation in the prana and the apana, as action in the hands, as movement in the feet, as evacuation in the anus. These are the meditations on Brahman through actions.

Next through the gods: One should meditate on Brahman as satisfaction in rain, as power in lightning;

As fame in cattle, as light in the stars, as procreation, immortality and joy in the organ of generation and as everything in the akasa.

Let him contemplate Brahman as the support and he will be supported; let him contemplate Brahman as greatness and he will become great; let him contemplate Brahman as the mind and he will be endowed with mind.

Let him contemplate Brahman as adoration and all desires will fall down before him in adoration. Let him contemplate Brahman as the Supreme Lord and he will be endowed with supremacy. Let him contemplate Brahman as the destructive agent and his enemies who hate him and also those who do not hate him will perish.

This he who is in this man and that he who is in yonder sun, both are one.

He who knows this, after dying to this world, attains the self which consists of food, attains the self which consists of the vital breath, attains the self which consists of the mind, attains the self which consists of the intellect, attains the self which consists of bliss. Then he goes up and down these worlds, eating the food he desires, assuming the forms he likes. He sits, singing the chant of the non-duality of Brahman: "Ah! Ah! Ah!"

"I am food, I am food, I am food! I am the eater of food, I am the eater of food, I am the eater of food! I  am the uniter, I am the uniter, I am the uniter!

"I am the first-born of the true, prior to the gods and the navel of Immortality. He who gives me away, he alone preserves me. He who eats food-I, as food, eat him.

"I overpower the whole world. I am radiant as the sun."

Whosoever knows this, attains Liberation. Such, indeed, is the Upanishad.

Om. May Brahman protect us both! May Brahman bestow upon us both the fruit of Knowledge! May we both obtain the energy to acquire Knowledge! May what we both study reveal the Truth! May we cherish no ill-feeling toward each other!

Om. Peace! Peace! Peace!

End of Taittiriya Upanishad