|NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Upanishads > Sri Svetasvatara Upanisad > Chapter 5|
dve aksare brahma-pare tv anante
vidyavidye nihite yatra gudhe
ksaras tv avidya hy amrtam tu vidya
vidyavidye isate yas tu so 'nyah
dve-two; aksare-in the imperishable; brahma-pare-above the demigod Brahma; tu-also; anante-unlimited; vidya- knowledge; avidya-and ignorance; nihite-situated; yatra-where; gudhe-hidden; ksarah-the fluctuating material energy; tu-and; avidya-is ignorance; hi-certainly; amrtam-immortality; tu- also; vidya-is knowledge; vidya-knowledge; avidye-and ignorance; isate-controls; yah-He who; tu-but; sah-He; anyah-another.
Both knowledge and ignorance rest in the limitless, eternal Supreme Personality of Godhead. Ignorance is death, but knowledge is immortality. He rules knowledge and ignorance although He is beyond them both.
yo yonim yonim adhitisthaty eko
visvani rupani yonis ca sarvah
rsim prasutam kapilam yas tam agre
jnanair bibharti jayamanam ca pasyet
yah-who; yonim yonim-in all species of life; adhitisthati-is situated (as the Supersoul); ekah-one without a second; visvani-all; rupani-forms; yonih-species; ca-also; sarvah- all; rsim-learned; prasutam-born; kapilam-Brahma; yah-who; tam-Him; agre-at the beginning of the creation; jnanaih-with knowledge; bibharti-maintains; jayamanam-being born; ca-also; pasyet-sees.
He alone rules all species, forms, and universes. In the beginning He fathered the demigod Brahma with a glance and taught Him the truth.
ekaikam jalam bahudha vikurvann
asmin ksetre samharaty esa devah
bhuyah srstva patayas tathesah
sarvadhipatyam kurute mahatma
eka-ekakm-one after another; jalam-network; bahudha- variegated; vikurvan-creating; asmin-in this; ksetre-material world; samharati-withdraws; esah-He; devah-the Supreme Personality of Godhead; bhuyah-again; srstva-creating; patayah-the controllers of the universe; tatha-in the same way; isah- the Supreme Controller; sarva-over everything; adhipatyam- sovereignty; kurute-manifests; maha-atma-the Supreme Person.
Spreading His net everywhere, the Supreme Personality of Godhead retracts the material world. Then again The Supreme Personality of Godhead creates the demigods. The Supreme Personality of Godhead rules all.
sarva disa urdhvam adhas ca tiryak
prakasayan bhrajate yad v anadvan
evam sa devo bhagavan varenyo
yoni-svabhavan adhitisthaty ekah
sarvah-in all; disah-directions; urdhvam-above; adhah- below; ca-also; tiryak-on all sides; prakasayan-lighting; bhrajate-shines; yat-just as; u-certainly; anadvan-the sun; evam-in the same way; sah-He; devah-the Supreme Personality of Godhead; bhagavan-full of all powers and opulences; varenyah- supremely worshippable; yoni-svabhavan-the entire universe; adhitisthati-creates and controls; ekah-one without a second.
As the sun shines in all directions: above, below, and across, so the glorious Supreme Personality of Godhead rules all creatures.
yac ca svabhavam pacati visva-yonih
pacyams ca sarvan parinamayed yah
sarvam etad visvam adhitisthaty eko
gunams ca sarvan viniyojayed yah
yat-who; ca-also; svabhavam-the natures of the various material elements; pacati-develops; visva-of the universes; yonih-creator; pacyan-developed; ca-also; sarvan-all of them; parinamayet-transforms; yah-who; sarvam-all; etat-this; visvam-universe; adhitisthati-creates and controls; ekah-one without a second; gunan-the three modes of material nature; ca- also; sarvan-all; viniyojayer-controls; yah-who.
He creates the worlds. He develops and transforms the creation. He alone rules all the world. He controls the modes of nature.
tad veda-guhyopanisatsu gudham
tad brahma vedate brahma-yonim
ye purva-deva rsayas ca tad vidus
te tan-maya amrta vai babhuvuh
tat-Him; veda-in the Vedas; guhya-the confidential parts; upanisatsu-in the Upanisads; gudham-hidden; tat-Him; brahma-the demigod Brahma; vedate-knows; brahma-of the impersonal Brahman effulgence, and of the Vedic literatures; yonim-the origin; ye-those who; purva-devah-Lord Siva and the other primal demigods; rsayah-the great sages; ca-also; tat- Him; viduh-know; te-they; tat-mayah-devoted to the Supreme Lord; amrtah-free from the cycle of birth and death; vai- certainly; babhuvuh-became.
Knowing Him, who is the author of the Vedas, who is hidden in the Vedas and Upanisads, and whom the demigod Brahma also knows, the great demigods and sages became immortal.
gunanvayo yah phala-karma-karta
krtasya tasyaiva sa copabhokta
sa visva-rupas tri-gunas tri-vartma
pranadhipah sancarati sva-karmabhih
guna-anvayah-bewildered by the three modes of material nature; yah-who; phala-karma-karta-engaged in fruitive actions; krtasya-performed; tasya-of that; eva-certainly; sah-he; upabhokta-is the enjoyer; sah-he; visva-rupah-taking birth in various species of life; tri-gunah-impelled by the three modes of nature; tri-vartma-travelling on three paths (sin, piety, and knowledge); prana-of the Life breath; adhipah-the controller; sancarati-wanders; sva-karmabhih-impelled by the reactions of his fruitive actions.
Bewildered by the modes of nature, the conditioned soul performs fruitive acts and then experiences their results. Bewildered by the modes, he accepts different forms, by his karma traveling here and there on the paths of sin, piety, and transcendental knowledge.
buddher gunenatma-gunena caiva
aragra-matro hy aparo 'pi drstah
angustha-of the thumb; matrah-the size; ravi-with the sun; tulyah-equality; rupah-form; sankalpa-desire; ahankara- and false ego; samanvitah-endowed with; yah-who; buddheh-of the intelligence; gunena-by the quality; atma-of the material body; gunena-by the quality; ca-also; eva-certainly; ara-agra-a tiny point; matrah-the measurement; hi-certainly; aparah- different from the Supreme Personality of Godhead; api-also; drstah-seen.
The conditioned soul is small as a thumb, splendid as the sun, and filled with false-ego and material desire. Different from Him is the Supersoul, whose form is also very small, but who is filled with intelligence and spiritual knowledge.
satadha kalpitasya ca
bhago jivah sa vijneya
sa canantyaya kalpate
bala-agra-the tip of a hair; sata-bhagasya-of one hundredth; sata-dha-into one hundred parts; kalpitasya- divided; ca-and; bhagah-minute portion; jivah-the living entity; sah-that; vijneyah-to be understood; sah-he; ca- and; anantyaya-for liberation; kalpate-is fit.
If we divide the tip of a hair into one hundred parts and then take one part and divide this into another one hundred parts, that ten-thousandth part is the dimension of the living entity. Although encased within the temporary material body, the tiny soul may one day qualify itself to become liberated and return to the eternal spiritual world.*
naiva stri puman esa
na caivayam napumsakah
yad yac chariram adatte
tena tena sa raksyate
na-not; eva-certainly; stri-woman; na-nor; puman-man; esah-he; na-nor; ca-also; eva-certainly; ayam-he; napumsakah-nueter; yat yat-whatever; sariram-body; adatte-he accepts; tena tena-by that body; sah raksyate-he is designated.
The individual spirit soul is not female. It is not male. It is not neuter. These designations arise only from the various material bodies the soul accepts.
karmanugany anukramena dehi
sthanesu rupany abhisamprapadyate
sankalpana-desire; sparsana-contact of the senses with the sense-objects; drsti-experiences the pleasant and unpleasant results; mohaih-by bewilderment; grasa-food; ambhu-by water; vrstya-by rain; ca-also; atma-of the body; vivrddhi- development; janma-birth; karma-anugani-according to his actions; anukramena-by travel; dehi-the embodied conditioned soul; sthanesu-in various positions within the material world; rupani-various forms; abhisamprapadyate-attains.
With the illusions of lusty glances and touches, and with a rain of food and drink, the conditioned soul nourishes his next birth. According to his deeds he attains different bodies in different conditions of life.
sthulani suksmani bahuni caiva
rupani dehi sva-gunair vrnoti
kriya-gunair atma-gunais ca tesam
samyoga-hetur aparo 'pi drstah
sthulani-large; suksmani-and small; bahuni-many; ca- also; eva-certainly; rupani-forms; dehi-the embodied spirit soul; sva-gunaih-by his desires; vrnoti-accepts; kriya-gunaih- by the results of his actions; atma-gunaih-by his thoughts and conceptions of Life; ca-also; tesam-of them; samyoga-hetuh-the reasons; aparah-not the Supreme; api-even; drstah-is observed.
According to his own merit the conditioned soul accepts many different bodies, both large and small. According to his deeds and character he is linked to different bodies. Thus it is seen he is different from the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
anady-anantam kalilasya madhye
visvasya srastaram aneka-rupam
jnatva devam mucyate sarva-pasaih
anandi-without beginning; anantam-without end; kalilasya- of the material creation; madhye-in the midst; visvasya-of the universe; srastaram-the creator; aneka-in many; rupam-forms; visvasya-of the universe; ekam-one without a second; parivestitaram-all-prevading; jnatva-having understood; devam- the Supreme Personality of Godhead; mucyate-one becomes liberated; sarva-pasaih-from all the bonds of material existance.
By knowing the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who has no beginning and no end, who has many forms, who created the universe, and who is present everywhere in the universe, one becomes free of all bondage.
ye vidus te jahus tanum
bhava-by pure devotional service; grahyam-attainable; anida-akhyam-whose form is not material; bhava-of creation; abhava-and anihillation; karam-the cause; sivam-auspicious; kala-sarga-karam-the creator of the ingredients of the material manifestations; devam-the Supreme Personality of Godhead; ye- those who; viduh-understand; te-they; jahuh-give up; tanum- the material body.
By knowing the auspicious Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is attained only by love, who is not material, who is the creator and destroyer of the worlds, and who is the creator of time, the individual souls become free from having to accept another material body.