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1 From Lord Vasudeva was manifested Lord Sesa, who was also named Sankarsana, and who was the father of all living entities. He desired, “I shall create children.”
2 From Him was born the person named Pradyumna. From Pradyumna was born Aniruddha, who had the names Ahankara and Hiranyagarbha. From Pradyumna were born the ten Prajapatis, beginning with Marici and including Sthanu, Daksa, Kardama, Priyavrata, Uttanapada, and Vayu. In this way from Lord Sesa all living beings were born and into Sesa they enter (at the time of cosmic devastation).
3 Lord Sesa fathered all living beings. He protects them. He created grammar, astrology, and the other sciences. He is worshipped by the sages that yearn for liberation. He holds the entire universe on His head. The sages know His glories. The sages glorify Him with prayers. With His many heads He eclipses Mount Meru’s thousand peaks. He created the ether and false ego.
4 Lord Sesa is the Personality of Godhead. Yuga after yuga He appears in many forms. He took birth as Laksmana, the son of Sumitra and descendent of King Iksvaku. Learned in the science of archery and weapons, He killed all the demons and protected varnasrama-dharma.
5 Lord Sesa is the Personality of Godhead. At the time of the yuga-sandhya (junction of the yugas) He appeared as Lord Balarama, the son of Vasudeva and Rohini. He was splendid like an autumn cloud. Expert in fighting with a club and other weapons, and yearning to kill the hosts of demon kings, he uprooted the earth’s burden.
6 In the fourth yuga the Supreme Personality of Godhead takes birth in a brahmana family. Desiring to teach the message of all the Upanisads, preach the truths of the dharma-sastras, and deliver all the people, He preaches all the truths of vaishnava-dharma and He also uproots all the atheists and offenders.
7 He is the Supersoul present in everyone’s heart. He is the object of meditation for they who yearn after liberation. He is the giver of liberation. By meditating on Him one becomes free from all sins. By chanting His holy names one attains liberation.
8 One who meditates on Him during the day becomes free from the sins of the previous night. One who meditates on Him at night become free from the sins of the previous day. This is the secret of the Vedas. This is the secret of the Upanisads. By meditating on Him one attains the fruits of all seasons, one attains peace, one attains a pure heart, one attains the result of all pilgrimages. He who knows this becomes free from again entering a material body. Thus the Upanisad.