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The Holy Name is Beyond Rules and Regulations
This is another aspect of the holy name's transcendental power. Karma, or material activities, are very complex and intricate, as krishna explains in the Bhagavad-gita.} Therefore, all activities of charity, penance and sacrifice are controlled in the Vedic system by strict rules and regulations regarding place and time. The holy name, however, is different. This is explained by Sukracarya, the head priest of the demoniac daityas. After Bali Maharaja had completed his sacrificial rituals, Lord Vamana asked Sukracarya to enumerate and correct the king's faults and discrepancies. The acarya, who is one of the greatest experts of karma-kdnda activities, answered:
(40) Srimad-Bhagavatam 8.23.16
mantratas tantratas chidram desa-kalarha-vastutah
sarvam karoti nischidram anusankirtanam tava
There may be discrepancies in pronouncing the mantras and observing the regulative principles, and, moreover, there may be discrepancies in regard to time, place, person and paraphernalia. But when Your Lordship's holy name is chanted, everything becomes faultless. The holy name, being purely spiritual, it is not influenced by the network of material karma. Srila Sanatana GosvamI denotes in his Hari-bhakti-vilasa, the "working manual" of all Gaudiya Vaisnavas:
(41-42) Hari-bhakti-vilasa 11.412-413
na desa-niyamo rajan na kala-niyamas tatha vidyate natra sandeho visnor namanukirtane
kalo 'sti dane yajne ca snane kalo 'sti saj-jape visnu-sankirtane kalo nasty atra prthivitale
na—no; desa—concerning the place; niyamah—rule; rdjan—oh king; na— no; kala—concerning time; niyamah—rule; tatha—as well; vidyate—there is; na—not; atra—in this regard; sandehah—doubt; visnoh—of Lord Visnu; nama—of the names; anu-kutane—referrring the chanting; kalah—special time and place; asti—there is; dane—for giving charity; yajne—for performing sacrifice; ca—and; snane—for taking bath; kalah—special time and place; asti—there is; sat-jape—for chanting mantras (like am tat sat); vinu-sankirtane—for the chanting of the holy names of Visnu; kalah— special time and place; na—never; asti—there is; atra—here; prthivi-tale— on earth.
Oh King, there are no rules whatsoever governing the time and place wherein the holy name of Visnu can be chanted. Of this, there can be no doubt. Charity and sacrifice are governed by various rules regarding time and place, as are the taking of one's bath and the silent uttering of different mantras. However, the holy name of Visnu can be chanted at any time and place on earth.
Srila Sanatana GosvamI asserts that there are no restrictions for the holy name even regarding proper cleanliness. He quotes a conver¬sation between Narada Muni and his disciple Mrgari, a previously cruel, godless hunter who was converted by the sage into a great devotee:
(43) Hari-bhakti-vilasa 11.408
na desa-niyamas tasmin na kala-niyamas tatha
nocchistadau nisedho 'sti sri-harer namni lubdhaka
na—no; desa—concerning the place; niyamah—rule; tasmin—for it (the holy name); na—no; kala—concerning time; niyamah—rule; tatha—as well; na—not; ucchista—concerning impurity because one has not washed his hands and mouth after meal; adau—starting with, and so on; nisedhah—prohibition; asti—there is; srf-hareh—of Lord Sri Hari; namni— for the name; lubdhaka—oh hunter.
Oh hunter, there are no restrictions on when or where the holy name of Sri Hari may be chanted and no prohibitions regarding the unclean-ness of the mouth from which the holy name comes forth.
Narada Muni himself recounted to Srila Vyasadeva how he gave up all considerations regarding external rules and regulations once he had received the holy name:
(44) Srimad-Bhdgavatam 1.6.26
namany anantasya hata-trapah pathan guhyani bhadrani krtani ca smaran
gam paryatdms tusta-mand gata-sprhah kalam pratiksan vimado vimatsarah
Thus, I began chanting the holy name and fame of the Lord by repeated recitation, ignoring all the formalities of the material world. Such chanting and remembering of the transcendental pastimes of the Lord are benedictory. So doing, I traveled all over the earth, fully satisfied, humble and unenvious.