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SECTION C. VAISNAVAS
THE DEFINITION OF BHAGAVAT
1. The Padma Purana says that one who has given up all demigods and accepted the shelter of Shri Hari alone and become engaged in His service is known as a bhagavat.
PROCEDURES FOR PERFORMING SRADDHA OF A VAISNAVA
1. The Hari Bhakti Vilasa states that a devotee will perform sraddha with the foodstuff that has been offered to the Lord.
2. The Padma Purana says that other demigods should be worshipped with the foodstuffs offered to Shri Hari; one should offer Shri Hari's remnants to the forefathers also. That will give him endless result.
3. The Brahma Purana mentions that if at the time of sraddha, one offers mahaprasad and tulasi to the forefathers and demigods, his forefathers become fully satisfied for millions of kalpas.
4. The Moksa Dharma mentions that according to the Vaishnava regulations, one should worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead before sunrise and then worship his forefathers with the remnants of the Lord.
5. The Skanda Purana says that if one rejects an illiterate Vaishnava thinking he is uneducated and offers the sraddhya to the scholars of Vedas instead, that sraddha is accepted by the raksashas. If a Vaishnava takes one handful of food in sraddhya and drinks one palmful of water, then that foodstuff becomes like Mount Sumeru and that water becomes like an ocean.
6. It has been stated that one must feed the Vaishnavas in sraddha and that Vaishnavas are forbidden to eat in a sraddha. But when the sraddha is performed according to pure Vaishnava regulations, by offering the remnants of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Vaishnavas can accept mahaprasad in that sraddha. One should not perform sraddha on fast days such as Ekadashi.
THE PROCEDURE OF VAISNAVA SHRADDHA
1. A devotee of the Lord will perform shraddha by first offering the foodstuffs to the Lord and then perform the shraddha with the prasad of the Lord.
2. The Padma Purana mentions that other demigods should be worshipped by foodstuffs first offered to Shri Hari; the forefathers should also be offered Shri Hari's remnants. By doing that, one derives endless pious results.
3. The Brahma Purana says that if one makes the pinda with the maha prasad of the Lord and offers it with Tulasi to his forefathers and demigods at the time of shraddha, his forefathers become fully satisfied for millions of Kalpas.
4. The Moksha Dharma says that following the Vaishnava regulations, worshipping the Supreme Personality of Godhead after sunrise, one should worship his forefathers with the foodstuffs that have first been offered to the Lord.
5. The Skanda Purana states that if one considers an uneducated Vaishnava to be ignorant and offers the shraddha to a knower of the Vedas instead rejecting the Vaishnava, that shraddha is received by the Rakshasas. If a Vaishnava takes just a handful of food in the shraddha and a palmful of water, that food becomes like Mount Sumeru and the water like the ocean.
ONE SHOULD NOT PERFORM SHRADDHA ON THE DAY OF FASTING
1. The Padma Purana says:
"Oh Ram! If the shraddha day falls on the day of Ekadashi, then it should be performed on Dvadasi."
2. The Skanda Purana says that if the shraddha falls on the day of Ekadashi, one should fast on Ekadashi and perform the shraddha on Dvadasi.
3. The Harita Smrti says that one should not perform pitri shraddha on the day of fasting.
4. One should not eat without worshipping the Lord.
5. The Kurma Purana states that one should not eat without worshipping Janardan or eat things that have not been offered to Shri Vishnu.
6. The Harisesa Pancaratra mentions that the food of irreligious persons who eat without worshipping Govinda is like dogstool and their water like wine.
7. The Vishnu Dharmakar states that a man should worship the Lord once, twice or three times a day; if one eats without worshipping the Lord, he goes to hell. One should not eat that which has not been offered to the Lord.
8. The Brahmanda Purana says that leaves, flowers, fruits, water, foodstuff, medicine and whatever else one eats should not be taken without being offered to the Lord. If one takes anything without offering it to the Lord, he is supposed to atone for that. Therefore, everything must first be offered to Shri Vishnu.
9. The Padma Purana mentions that food from non-devotees and fallen people and the foodstuff that has not been offered to Shri Vishnu is like dog's meat. Both the Vishnu Darmatan and Agni Purana state that after devotees offer perfumes, foodstuff, sweet meats, garlands, cloth and ornaments, that is everything to Shri Vishnu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, those remnants of Shri Vishnu should be accepted.
10. The Gautamia Tantra says one should worship Shri Hari every day with sacred items. After offering foodstuffs to Shri Krishna one should eat that himself, or if a Vaishnava is available, the mahaprasad should be offered to him with devotion.