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Hari-bhakti-vilasa selected verses

 

Introduction

 

THE GLORIES OF THE EIGHTEEN LETTER MANTRA

 

 

(It is stated in Tapani scripture that once, all of the sages headed by Saunaka Rsi asked these questions of Lord Brahma:

 

"Please tell us who is the Lord of all lords? Please tell us who death is afraid of. Please tell us by knowing whom, everything is known. Who is covering the whole world? Lord Brahma replied: Lord Krishna is the Supreme Lord. Death personified is afraid of Shri Govinda. One who knows Gopijanaballavah knows everything, and svaha is used to create the universe. The sages then said, "Who is Lord Krishna? Who is Govinda? Who is Gopijanaballabah? What is the word svaha?"

Lord Brahma said, "Lord Krishna is the cause of removing sin. One who knows heaven, Earth and Vedic literatures together is known as Govinda. The giver of knowledge is said to be Vallabha. All creation is guided by the Supreme Lord. Anyone who meditates, enjoys the nectarean holy name and remains disposed in this way attains liberation."

The sages asked, "What is His form? What is the nectarean enjoyment of His mellow? What is the chanting? Please satisfy us who are inquisitive." Lord Brahma said, "One should take shelter of the residents of Vrndavana. The Personality of Godhead, has a complexion which is dark like the rain cloud, Who is always youthful, and WHo is magnanimous like the kalpavrksa tree. Repetition the holy name of the Lord is called chanting. Giving up personal sense gratification and engaging in transcendental activities is called devotional service. Gopijanaballabha maintains the whole universe, and svaha is used as power to create this universe. Lord Krishna is the Supreme eternal among eternals. Lord Krishna is life among all lives. Although He is alone, He maintains everyone. He is the Supreme. Anyone who worships Him achieves the immutable perfection of life. Anyone who does not glorify and chant the holy name of Krishna cannot attain eternal happiness.

Lord Brahma further spoke, " I meditated on the Supreme Lord continuously and at last, Lord Krishna, in the form of a cowherd boy, appeared in front of me. Thereafter, when I payed my obeisances, He gave me an eighteen letter mantra with the pranavah in front and ordered me to create. He then disappeared. When I desired to create, I used this eighteen letter mantra in this way: from "ka" water appeared, from "la" earth appeared, from "e" fire appeared, from "anusvar" the moon appeared and from sound of this, the sungod appeared or from the "klim seed" everything above was created. From the word "Krishna", the sky was created, from the word "ya", air was created. From the word "Govinda", cows were created. From the word "Gopijana," all knowledge was created and from "Vallabha", all human beings (woman and man) were created by me."

 

 

ANUKULASYA SANKALPAH PRATIKULYASYA VARJANAM

RAKSISYATY ITI-VISVASO GOPTRTVA VARANAM TATHA

ATMA NIKSEPA KARPANYE SADVIDHA SARANAGATIH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 11/676 VAISNAVA TANTRA)

 

The six divisions of surrender are, (1) to accept those things favorable to perform devotional service, (2)to reject those things which are unfavorable for the discharge of devotional service, (3) to have the conviction that Krishna will always protect His devotee, (4) to always accept Lord Krishna as ones guardian or master, (5) full self surrender and (6)to always feel oneself meek and humble.

 

 

Quoted from the Vishnu Purana about how the Grhastha should work in this world.

 

(1) One should never tell lies even if they sound sweet. (2) One should not explain anybody else's faults to others. (3)One should not take shelter of others. (4)One should not make enemies of others. One should not speak with an unchaste woman or her husband. (5) One should not speak with a lier. (6) One should not speak with a wicked person who habitually criticizes others. (7) One should be in full knowledge of the ultimate destination. (8) One should not take bath in fast moving currents of water. (9) One should not enter into a burning house. (10) ONe should not climb on a tree. (11) One should not stretch his body or scratch his head simultaneously with two hands. (12)One should not cough while listening to philosophy. (13) One should not laugh very loudly. (14) One should be careful to avoid passing air from the anus. (15) One should not clean his nails with another nail. (Sanatana Gosvami, comments in this regard that one should not remove dirt from one nail with the use of another nail.) (16) One should not chew his nails. (17) One should not write on the Earth with his toenails. (18) One should not look at the sun or moon in an impure condition. (19) One should not jump over the shadow of a worshipable person (demigod, brahmana or a Vaishnava. (20) ONe should never go alone into a thick jungle. (21) One should not enter into an unknown suspected house. (Sanatana Gosvami explains that one should not touch a dead body or the smoke coming out from burning a dead body at a crematorium.) (22) One should stay away from cut hairs, bones, stool and saliva. (23) One should not face a snake. (24) One should not get up in the morning and continue sitting for a long time without bathing. (25) One should not unrestrictively eat more than he needs. (26) One should not sleep too little, (27) One should not sleep too much. (28) One should not sit on too high of a seat. (28) One should not sleep on a bed which is too soft. (29) One should not take ice. (30) One should not allow westbound winds to blow upon him.(31) One should not bathe in the morning sun. (32) One should not take acamana with the left hand. (33) One should not be nude while bathing. (34) One should not sleep nude. (35) One should not wear a gumpsa without underwear (kaupina). (36) One should not shake his wet hairs after taking bath. One should not kick anybody with his foot. (37) One should not shake his feet or leg while sitting. (38) One should go around a respectible person. (39) One should not urinate or evacuate while standing or on the path. (40) One should not take out mucus from his mouth while he worships or during an aupicious function such as chanting japa, performing a fire sacrifice or while near a great saintly person. (41) One should not openly insult a woman nor should he touch them. (42) One should not become jealous of women. (43) One should not give them any authority. (44) At the time of thundering in the sky, or on the eighth day of the waxing or waning moon, in an unclean condition, and during an eclipse, a learned person does not study scriptures. (45) One should not speak sweet words in such a way that it would not benefit him. (46) One should not punish others except his own son or his disciple. (47) One should not wear torn or spotted clothes. (48) One should not touch a person who has taken bath. (49) One should take a cloth bath after copulating with a woman or returning from a crematorium. (50) The mouth of a goat and woman are pure. The mouth of a cow and a calf are impure, but when the calf is sucking the nipples of a milking cow, at that time his mouth is pure. (51) If one touches a woman who is undergoing mensteration or one who has just given birth to a child, or has touched a dead body, he should take bath with clothes. (52) In Bhavisya Purana, it is said that if a brahmana does not chant his Gayatri mantras, the king should put him in the sudra section of town. (53) One should not hit someone on his head. (54) At night, one should not eat yogurt or anything bitter and in the daytime, he should not eat barley or corn. (Sanatan Gosvami gives his commentary saying that "It is prohibited to eat lower grains such a barely or corn in the daytime. One should understand that during the daytime, poverty resides in the lower grains and at night, in yogurt and bitter ingredients. One who is knowledgeable follows this properly). (55) Accumulating offenses against the spiritual master are more serious than committing offenses against the demigods. (56) If a cow is grazing in another's field, one should not complain about it to the landlord. (57) If someone is giving charity to the spiritual master, a brahmana or to a demigod, one should not forbid him to do so.(58) One should keep the secrets of others, confidentially. In other words, one should not speak bad about his superiors. (59) Oh, best of the brahmanas, one should not address a sinner as a sinner and he not call him sinless as well. (60) One should not look at the sun while it is rising or setting. (61) One should not look at a nude man or woman, stool, urine, and left over food. (62) One should not touch a crazy man. (63) One should not touch his own wife when she is eating. (64) One should not look at a woman or ones own wife when she is urinating or evacuating. One should not look at his own reflection in the water. (66) One should give up pleading for the mercy of others. (67) One should not glorify his disciple or himself to others. (68) One should not address the Ganges or the Yamuna as rivers and Govardana as a mountain. (69) One should not touch hairs of the dirty parts of the body. (70) One should not beat the water with his hands or feet. (71) One should not argue with a woman. (73) One should not wake a sleeping person. (74) One should not take a sunbath in the morning sun. (75)One should not touch the smoke from the crematorium. (76) One should not carry shoes in his hands. (77) One should not wash one foot with the other foot. (78) One should not show the sole of his feet to the fire. (79) One should not deceive a brahmana or a Vaishnava. (80) One should not touch any deity with a left hand or a foot. (81) One should not go down into a well. (82) One should not break his promise. (83) One should not trust any animals, snakes and women. (84) ONe should not pass between two brahmanas or two devotees. (85) One should not mix buttermilk and milk together to drink it. (86) One should not drink milk from a cow which has just given birth. One should wait at least ten days to drink the milk. (88) One should use only two kinds of salt (ocean salt and rock salt. (89) One should not sleep over night under a banyan tree or in a cows barn. (90) After shaving ones head, he should take bath.

These instructions are for ones benefit for improvement in spiritual advancement. If somebody does not follow these instructions, they will be implicated with poverty and disease and will consequently be obstructed on the devotional path.

 

There are six Gosvamis, Shri Rupa, Shri Sanatana, etc. who were the associates of Lord Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Whether they are present or they are not present, there is no difference because their teachings will always purify people. They are always addressed as Shrila which gramatically used as LaShri which signifies Laksmidevi, wealth, a renounced form, auspiciousness, goddess of learning, dignity, greatness, prosperity, the three objects of worldly existence (religiousity, economic development and sense gratification), intelligence, fame, development and ultimate perfection. Because personalities who are spiritually purified are said to be associates of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, therefore Shrila is used for such personalities for their uncommon transcendental knowledge, detachment and austerity.

 

Shripada Madhavacarya wrote the commentary on the Shrimad Bhagavatam. Following the statements on the Shrimad Bhagavatam to understand LOrd Shri Krishna with ultimate truth and to spread the influence of devotion to the Vraja dham, Lord SRi Chaitanya instructed Shri Rupa and Shri Sanatana. Therefore, to pacify Shri Rupa and Shri Sanatana and to complete their vow of activities, Shri Gopala Bhatta Gosvami, who was born in the dynasty of Vipra bhatta in south India who was also blessed by Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu an associate of Him had written this wonderful literature.

 

As in the eleventh canto of the Shrimad Bhagavatam, Lord Shri Krishna spoke to Uddhava, "Mad Bhakta puja 'bhyadhikaz" , worshiping My devotee is better than My own worship. Therefore Gopala Bhatta Gosvami was engaged to please Shri Rupa and Shri Sanatana because to explain the glories of devotional service, between the devotee and the Supreme Personality of Godnead is the pleasure of a Vaishnava.

THe ultimate goal of writing scriptures is to bring a human being beyond the bodily conception of life and to teach Vaishnava ettiquite so that one can become purified and go back to Godhead. Although the Vedic literatures are all discussions between different groups of people, still, the ultimate goal is not changed. In all Vedic literature, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the enjoyer of everything is being described, either in personal form or in impersonal form. In the impersonal form, the Abosolute Truth is described as the impersonal Brahman. In personal form, the Supreme is described as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. And in certain places, He is described as Paramatma. As in the Shrimad Bhagavatam, the Supreme Lord is described in three catagories of realizations- Brahman, Paramatma and Bhagavan. As Shrila Jiva Gosvami states in his Krishna Sandarbha, the Brahman, Paramatma and Bhagavan features of the Lord, are all the same one Supreme Personality of Godhead, the source of enjoyment beyond this material world. Whether He is realized as Brahman, Paramatma or Bhagavan depends on the realization of a devotee. Although all three of them are spiritual realizations, Bhagavan realization is the topmost. This Bhagavan realization is directly the realization of the Supreme Lord Shri Krishna. While discussing these three catagories of realizations of the Supreme Lord, the living entity who is situated as marginal potency comes in account. Although the living entity is part and parcel of God, who is always active, due to being captured by the material nature he becomes egoistic. Although the living entity is not dead material but a pure living force, still he is suffering in the material world.

 

The reason the living entity is suffering in the material world is due to Maya, the external illusory energy of the Supreme Lord. Maya forces the living entity to remain in under the modes of goodness, passion or ignorance. Under these modes of nature (goodness, passion and ignorance), he falls into the material conception of life, "I" and thus forgets his eternal relationship with the Supreme Lord. He then becomes attracted to matter such as his body and its expansions and remains eternally in this material world. As long as the mind is engaged in dead matter, the living entity tries to enjoy the material world, but this dead matter is actually the cause the living entity's suffering.

The external potency of the Lord is not cruel because it is the energy of the Lord. Although it tortures the living entity, it is not without good reason. Since the living entity has forgotten the supremacy of the Lord and his relationship with Him, the Lord's external energy, Maya, covers him and tortures him in various ways. This suffering undergone by the living entity will teach him to rectify his fault of forgetfulness of the Supreme Lord. Here a doubt should be presented. Since the living entity is presently in forgetfulness of the Lord, he must have previously been consciousness of the Lord. If the living entity was not conscious of God, how has he come to the forgetful stage? By practicing the spiritual process, one can again become conscious of the Lord, but again he can forget the Lord. It would seem therefore that it is an unsteady platform for the living entity and that there is not real benefit in following spiritual instructions.

 

To clarify this doubt, the living entities have been divided into two catagories according to their natures. One catagory is the eternally conditioned, which by the will of the Lord remain always in forgetfulness. The second catagory is called the eternally liberated souls because they never forget their position and go against the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Both kinds of living entities are described in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (3:7:37) in a conversation between Vidura Maharaja and Maitreya Muni. Vidura asked Maitreya Muni how the whole material creation will be annhiliated. and after annhiliation, who remains in service attitude to Him and after His, who takes rest? In other words, when the annhiliation takes place, He takes rest in the causal ocean, and at that time, who serves Him, and who sleeps when he goes to sleep? It means who is eternally engaged in the service of the Lord and who merges in Him at the time of annhiliation? In this regard, there is a statement in Kasi-

khanda which Jiva Gosvami and Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakur encorporating with Shridar Swami quote this verse which Shrila Prabhupada translates in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (3:7:37). NA CYAVANTE HI YAD-BHAKTA

MAHATYAM PRALAYAPADI

ATO 'CYUTO 'KHILE LOKE

SA EKAH SARVA-GO 'VYAYAH

 

"The devotees of the Lord never annhiliate their individual existences even after the dissolution of the entire cosmic manifestation. The Lord and the devotees who associate with Him are always eternal, in both the eternal and spiritual worlds."

 

TATTVANAM BHAGAVAMS TESAM

KATIDHA PRATISANKRAMAH

TATREMAM KA UPASIRAN

KA U SVID ANUSERATE

(SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM 3:7:37)

 

"Please describe how many dissolutions there are for the elements of the material nature and who survives after the dissolutions to serve the Lord while He is asleep."

 

With this question, we can understand that there are two catagoies of living entities. "PARATATVA JNANA-SAMSARGA ABHAVA MAHA",

The forgetfulness of the Supreme Lord is said to be Paratatva jnana samsarga bhyava which means"to forget the Absolute Truth is mainly due to the lack of proper association. This lack or absence is divided into two-1)a lack of mutual reciprocation and 2)lack of association. Lack of association is further divided into three-a)previously unconscious, b)nonexistence caused by destruction, c)absolutely non existence. In other words, whatever absence was existence was experienced before the existence of some substance of an object it was called Pragbhava, or previously lacking consciousness. Any experience which was gotten after the substance was created and destroyed..........

 

 

One should make the goal of his work to attain the object of perfection. If it is said, "you have sufficent wealth in your house", as a poverty stricken man, after hearing this, makes a great endeavor to attain it and at last becomes successful. It should be understood in a similar way on the spiritual platform. The conclusion is that one should know the subject matter properly and act upon it to attain it. If the living entity was not eternal he would not become attached to performing devotional service and experience of the realization of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. For example, a person may have a golden necklace around his neck, but due to certain circumstances, he forgets about it. If, however, somebody reminds him that he is wearing the necklace, then the person realizes it also. This example is appropriate here.Shrila Jiva Gosvami gives his tika to verse seven in Bhakti Sandharba, saying that Yogendra told King Nimi, "Oh King, as long as firm faith in the Supreme LOrd does not arise in the heart of the living entity, until that time, one should offer his body, mind and words, by acting according to the Vedic instructions. One may say that the living entity has been suffering in this world of duality due to his lack of enthusiasm to realize his own identity. Therefore he is suffering with fear, distress, etc. in different ways. Just as due to ignorance, a person thinks a rope to be a snake, but when he realzes that it is a rope, the illusion that it is a snake does not remain anymore. Similarly, when the living entity becomes ignorant as to his own identity, he identifies with his body and thinks that he is not a spirit soul but a material body, therefore for him, the body becomes the soul, thus fear covers him. Therefore, the question can be asked, "What is the function of the illusory energy for which the living entity has to perform devotion to God. How does the living entity come to the platform of ignorance-is it by himself or by the influence of the illusory energy? The answer to this, it can be said, is that it is done by himself because it is the nature of the living entity to become forgetful, and by being reminded, he comes to knowledge. Forgetfulness is the nature of the living entity. If somebody says that this forgetfulness is caused by the material nature, this is practically impossible because Maya is dead matter and the living entity is active and full of knowledge. Knowledge can overcome the ignorance, but ignorance cannot overcome knowledge. Therefore, it is impossible for Maya to cover the identity of the living entity. Specifically, Maya is the energy of the Lord who is also known as the external energy. The energy is always under the shelter of the energetic, but is never independent, and it always stays under the shelter of the Supreme Lord. Even though Maya is the energy of God, it is not able to cover the constitutional position of the living entity, but it acts under the direction of the Supreme Lord. Maya, the external energy of the Lord is not cruel, therefore. Maya does not cover the living entities identification for no reason. Maya shows her influence upon one who is against the supremacy of the Lord. Therefore, as long as the livng entity does not give up his rebelliousness against God, he does not become free from the covering of the illusory energy. The Supreme Lord is the only one who can free the living entity from fear and the covering of his own identification. Therefore, an intelligent person should surrender to the Lord through devotional service by which he can attain the mercy of the Lord, and thus Maya can also be liberated. Therefore Krishna says in the Bhagavad-gita:

 

DAIVI HY ESA GUNAMAYI

MAMA MAYA DURATYAYA

MAM EVA YE PRADADYANTE

MAYAM ETAM TARANTI TE

 

Bhagavad-gita (7:14)

This divine energy of Mine, consisting of the three modes of material nature, is difficult to overcome. But those who have surrendered unto Me can easily cross beyond it.

 

The external energy of the Lord causes the living entity to accept false things as true and true things as false, happiness as distress and distress as happiness. Just like a magician, when he performs magic, he does not fall into illusion, but he puts everyone else into illusion and makes them lauph and cry. Unless one takes shelter of the lotus feet of the Lord, it is difficult to get the wealth of knowledge and detachment and to break open the covering of Maya. When the living entity vows to not engage in any activity except pure devotional service to the LOrd and feels satisfied in this service to Him, he is called an unalloyed devotee. This can only be achieved by taking complete shelter at the lotus feet of the genuine spiritual master. If somebody has pleased his spiritual master properly, he is qualified to have pure bhakti at the lotus feet of Lord Krishna. The goal of human life is to make a vow in such a way that it pleases the Supreme Lord Shri Vishnu. This can only happen when someone develops some transcendental taste for His transcendental narration. When somebody develops that taste to hear about the devotional service to the Supreme Lord, then he develops transcendental qualities, which is the symptom of doing devotional service. In verse 5:18:12 of the Shrimad Bhagavatam it is stated that a devotee develops the qualities of demigods, by which all of the associates of the Supreme Lord such as the demigods and Garuda become very friendly with this devotee. When someone's mind becomes purified, he can engage in devotional service to the Lord without deviation. In Shrimad Bhagavatam, 1:2:7, it is stated that if somebody engages in devotional service to the Supreme Lord, then knowledge and detachment automatically come to him. Therefore, in the Shrimad Bhagavatam (1:2:8), it is stated that if any service does not bring about attachment to hearing about Vasudeva, the Supreme Lord, it is just hard useless labor. As in Shrimad Bhagavatam (1:2:8), it is called Srama eva, which means desirous service to the Lord. This takes one to the heavenly planet which perishes in due course, because when a sakama devotee does any function for the Lord which takes him to heaven, in due course, he has to fall down into this material world. This is just as vegetation is caused by rain. It is grown, maintained and destroyed in due course. Similarly, all sastric subjects such as yajna, etc. take one to heaven. That is the meaning of "hi". The word kevala also shows that the path of renunciation is also useless if it is bereft of devotional service. Just by becoming desireless and performing some spiritual function is not beneficial alone. If somehow or other one is able to achieve knowledge, that is also not steady. The word "hi" means that if someone has spiritual devotion to the Supreme Lord, he gets the topmost benefit, which is to develop the transcendental qualities within himself. Narada Muni says to Shrila Vyasadeva in Shrimad Bhagavatam (1:5:12) that knowledge without designation is also able to give self realization. Shrila Jiva Gosvami says that some people accept that the result of religiousity is economic development, and economic development results in sense gratification and once somebody's senses are satisfied, that is the end of following a vow of religiousity. This kind of understanding is illusory because the result of dharma is not artha (wealth, money), because the test of real dharma is that it frees one from the repeated cycle of birth and death. If it does not do this, it is not real dharma. The real purpose of religiousity is not to increase economic development, sense gratification, etc. but to learn how rare it is to achieve a human birth and how all of the senses are used to satisfy the Supreme Lord. In other words, one must realize ones human goal of life. Otherwise, ones human existence in this world is useless. As it is stated in the Bhakti sandharba 15, quoted from the Skanda Purana, Reva Khanda,

 

NISCALA TVAYI BHAKTIR YA SAIVA MUKTIR JANARDANA

MUKTA EVA HI BAKTAS TE TAVA VISNO YATO HARE

 

(BHAKTI SANDARBHA 15 SKANDA PURNA)

 

"Oh Lord Janardana, whoever has unalloyed devotion to You is said to be a liberated person. Oh Vishnu, therefore, any person who does real devotion to You is addressed as bhakti and is really liberated."

Taking a vow to perform devotional service is to engage in unalloyed devotional service. Therefore, the result of dharma cannot be an increase in wealth or an increase in sense gratification. If it is so, one should not engage in spiritual activities. Therefore, the real meaning of religiousity is not sense gratification nor the attainment of the heavenly atmosphere, but rather to attiain the abode of the Supreme Lord which is full of bliss and eternity.

For example, in the previous birth, Prahlada Maharaja unconsciously performed a fast on Lord Nrsngadeva's appearance day (Nrsnga Caturdasi fast). In his previous birth, Prahlada Maharaja was a young brahman boy. His character was loosened due to association with a prostitute and he become sinful. One day, he had a quarrel with that prostitute and due to that he had to fast. Due to destiny, that day happened to be the appearance day of Lord Nrsngadeva, and was the day for fasting for Nrsngadeva. He did not know how to observe that Nrsnga fast. Even though he performed it unconsciously, he achieved the result that a person whould achieve by fasting on Nrsngadeva's day with devotion, and in his next life he became a great devotee of Lord Nrsngadeva as Prahlada Maharaja.

Another merit was attained by a hawk who was chased by a dog around the temple and got the result of performing a parikrama (circumambulation). When the hawk was attacked by a dog, this hawk, due to fear started running. Since it ran around the temple, it got the result of circumambulating the temple of the Supreme Lord. By doing so, he achieved the supreme liberation, the supreme abode in Vaikuntha. Similarly, if a rascal pays obeisances unto the Supreme Lord, referring to somebody else (like in the case of Ajamila), they attain the result of performing obeisances and praying to the Supreme Lord.

 

///////////////////////from the padma purana////////////////////

Whatever one sees in this world is governed by the Supreme Lord. He is everywhere. He is present in this universe in the form of holy places. Lord Siva says to his wife Parvati about the holy places in which first is Puskara ksetra, 2) Varanasi which give liberation to everyone, 3)Namisaranaya, the place where all of the holy puranas were spoken, 4)Prayaga, where all the sages brought all of the scriptures which were retrived from the ocean, and 5)the transcendental holy place of the Lord is the chanting of the holy name of the Lord. None of the holy places existing have ever been better nor will they every be better than the holy name of the Lord. In Kaliuga, the holy place named Dvaraka, where Lord Krishna ruled before, if anybody goes to that place, he achieves liberation. If anybody goes to Jaganatha Puri, he becomes free from all kinds of sins and achieves the abode of Lord Vishnu.

Saunaka Rsi asks Suta Gosvami about achieving initiation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Suta Gosvami related the conversation between King Dilipa, the great grandfather of Lord Ramacandra and Vasistha, the family priest. Vasistha then told king Dilipa about the conversation between Narada Muni and Lord Brahma in which Lord Brahma told Narada about his conversation with the Supreme Personality of Godhead who said that everyone, whether he was a brahmana, ksatriya, vaisya, sudra or woman, all are authorized to chant My glories with devotion. Whether he is full of distress, inquisitive, looking for money, or he is searching for knowledge, everybody can take shelter at my lotus feet by chanting My holy name and I will fulfill their desires. The hymn or mantras should not be revealed to those who are not initiated, who are atheistic non devotees, who are very lusty and angry and arrogant, and who have no faith in Me. Anybody who serves Me with unalloyed devotion should be given mantras of Me. One should consider the time, place and circumstances and auspicious moments to give a mantra to the qualified person (this is in reference to the Gayatri mantras). One should not converse with nonvaishnavas and one should not worship demigods, but should surrender and chant only one mantra, that is of the personality of Godhead Who is present everywhere, Who is the ocean of mercy, Shri Narayana Himself, who controls all the demigods. Lord Brahma stated, "O Supreme Lord, You are the father. mother, spiritual master, the one in charge, the friend, brother, the ultimate liberation, the shelter and the best friend of all living entities. I am Your servant and Your son. Oh ocean of mercy, please narrate to me now, the process of initiation to benefit all humanity."

The Supreme Personality of Godhead narrated, "O son, now listen and I will tell you the process of initiation where one should take shelter of a perfect teacher and serve him properly. The teacher should be fully equipted with Vedic knowledge and should be a devotee of Lord Shri Vishnu without envy. He should know all the mantras properly, and should be following a bona fide disciplic succession. He should be expert in knowing about the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and should be following sadhana bhakti properly. He must be twice born and have no worldly interest, being free from attachment, anger and greed. He must have a divine character, in the mode of goodness, and must desire liberation himself and also desire to help others attain the same goal. One should approach such an acarya with folded hands and be controlled by him. If one depends on such an acarya, he will become well qualified. If one allows himself to be controlled by the spiritual master, he will naturally become a qualified disciple. If a teacher sees a qualified disciple who is searching for a perfect bona fide spiritual master, he will impart the secret mantras unto him. Whether it is the Dvadasi (the day after Ekadashi) or some other proper Vaishnava day with consultations for initiating the candidate, he should purify the candidate with pancamrita (milk, ghee, yogurt, honey, and sugar water mixed together) and give him a Tulasi leaf to eat, and put sandlewood on his forehead properly and according to the Vedic rules,one should perform a fire sacrifice and the acarya should start chanting mantras in this way. Oblations should be thrown into the fire, either 108 times or 1008 times with auspicious Vaishnava mantras. Then one should chant the Purusa sukta (prayers offered by the demigods to Lord Vishnu in the milk ocean) and pour ghee into the fire. Then he should teach the candidate how to put on tilaka properly which goes from the tip of the nose to the forehead. Then the acarya should explain the meaning of the mantra to the disciple and give him specific devotional activities. In this way, after properly receiving the mantra from an acarya, he should worship him with proper ornaments etc. O best of the demigods, in this way, if a Vaishnava guru initiates a disciple, that disciple becomes a Vaishnava, the best of all. O Narada, let me tell you the truth again and again, that the Supreme Lord Narayana repeatedly explained this process of initiation to me, personally, for the benefit of all humanity.

Once Lord Brahma asked the Supreme Personality of Godhead about the Vaishnava qualities and symptoms. Lord Shri Vishnu replied to Lord Brahma, stating that He was unable to describe all of the qualities of a Vaishnava even He would speak for ten million kalpas (10,000,000 times 1,000 yugas). He said, O Lord Brahma, I cannot even live for a moment without Vaishnavas. They are My best friends. Those who are free from lust, anger, arrogance, violence, greed, delusion, are Vaishnavas. Vaishnavas are merciful, who are interested in the welfare of all living entities, who speak the truth only, who are interested to instruct others about the goal of life, who follow the Vedic instructions as a way of life, who are worshipping and serving their spiritual master, who see every living entity as equal to him, who welcome and respect guests, who are expert in Vedic knowledge, who have a nice service attitude toward the twice borns, who control their senses, who are not attached to other men's wives, who always follow Ekadashi fasts with devotion, who always sing My glories properly , who respect the demigods, who put Tulasi garlands on themselves after offering it to the Lord, who are decorated with tilaka all over their body, who worship Me always, who have a tilaka made out of the mud from the root of Tulasi, who have Tulasi wood paste on their face after offering it to the Lord, who like to take bath in the Ganges, who become pleased hearing the name of the Ganges, who know and speak the glories or the Ganges, who have Salagram Sila in his own residences, who study Shrimad Bhagavatam , who cleanse My own place, who offer Me a ghee lamp, who build Me a new temple, who take me on procession, whoever drink and place on his head the water emanated from My lotus feet, and after offering Me some foodstuffs, eats them, who distributes foodstuffs and drinks to the needy people, who are engaged in worshipping and serving cows, who help the helpless, who have no interest in criticizing others-these are all called Vaishnavas. Vaishnavas only have good qualities; they do not have any bad qualities. O Brahma, what else can I say, those who worships Me properly through devotional service, who see the wealth of others as useless are certainly all Vaishnavas.

While circumambulating Lord Siva, one should not go across the drain?????? of Lord Siva. If one does so, the worship to Lord Siva becomes fruitless. If one circumbulates Lord Shri Hari, even once, his life becomes perfect. If one circumabulates Lord Shri Hari twice, he attains the position of Lord Indra and at last becomes liberated from all sins and enters into the kingdom of Madhava. One who circles a conch filled with water around Lord Shri Kesava in the temple, he becomes glorified, even by the demigods. If somebody offers seven obeisances to Lord Shri Kesava, all of his sins are destroyed into ashes. If somebody pays obeisances to Lord Shri Hari, falling straight on the ground, whatever merit he achieves, I (Vyasadeva) am unable to describe. After paying obeisances, whatever dust remains on the body of that devotee, for that long he will remain in the abode of the Supreme Lord. Anybody who takes a garland which has been offered to the Supreme Lord and gives it to other devotees, he is called a real Vaishnava. Food offered to the Supreme Lord is very rarely achieved and is hankered for by the demigods, what to speak of the human beings because it removes all sins. Anybody who has smelled the fragrance of the Tulasi leaf, immediately becomes freed from any difficulties he has in his body. Anybody who accepts the carinamrita of the Lord (on his head or in his mouth), with devotion, all of his offenses are destroyed and he has taken bath in all of the places of pilgrimage. Such a person does not die untimely and all of his diseases are removed if he takes the water offered at the Lord's lotus feet and touch it to his head. As one can become free from diseases by taking the correct medicine, in that very way, if one takes the water which has washed the two lotus feet of Lord Vishnu, all of his sins are destroyed. This water should be mixed with the Tulasi leaves which have been offered to Lord Vishnu. One becomes free from the sin of the killing of a brahmana and attains the abode of Lord Vishnu by drinking carinamrta. Whatever results one achieves by donating a mountain of gold, the same results are achieved by drinking Shri carinamrta. If one donates one million horses in charity and donates the whole seven islands, whatever merit is achieved is achieved just by drinking carinamrita. So much merit can be attained by drinking carinamrta which cannot be attained by doing other spiritual activities, because just touching carinamrta, one can be immediately liberated. Anybody who takes carinamrta, does not take another birth and anybody who eats food offered to the Lord, all of his sins are removed and if he eats with devotion, he goes to the abode of the Supreme Lord. Because food offered to the Lord is very rarely achieved, O best of the Brahmanas (Suta Gosvami says), all of the sins walk out from his body. If anybody worships the Supreme Lord, even without following rules and regulations, if he has devotion to the Supreme Lord, He becomes very pleased with the worshipper and achieves the same merit which is achieved by a person who worships him according to scriptural rules and regulations. The Supreme Lord does not become pleased even if a person worships Him according to scriptural rules and regulations, but without devotion. The essence of knowledge is devotional service, and the root of devotional service is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, therefore, anybody who wants liberation must worship the Supreme Lord Hari, but this should be done with full faith. If one has a devotional attitude, he can even worship just by using only water and go to the abode of Lord Shri Vishnu because Lord Shri Vishnu is depending on the devotee's devotion.

The result of performing the Ekadashi fasts is directly described by the Supreme Personality of Godhead. No one else besides Him is able to describe such a great merit. In the beginning of creation, the Supreme Lord created a personified sin, Papa Purusa to destroy the dirty mentality of the living entities. He was put in charge of the sins of the killing of a twice born, sins of drinking wine, of stealing gold, the sin of enjoying the wife of the guru, the sin of disobeying the Vedic instructions, killing of a woman, the killing of a cow, performing an abortion or having an abortion, enjoying another's wife, killing of his own friend, killing ones dependent, becoming disobedient to the husband, criticizing his own qualified guru, selling his own daughter, after giving the faith to someone, not following it, for such class of sinners, the sin personified takes charge and sends them to a hellish planet. Since such people do not follow My orders, they suffer in hell such as Raurava hell (naraka) by the order of Yamaraja.

Once the Supreme Lord mounted upon Garuda and proceded toward the abode of Yamaraja to remove the distress and suffering of living entities there. Seeing Lord Narayana arriving at his place, Yamaraja, the son of th Sun god properly worshipped Him with incense, etc. with happiness. After being worshipped, Lord Shri Vishnu, Who is the Lord of everyone, sat down on the seat made of gold. After being seated, the Supreme Lord, hearing the pitiable cries coming from the southern direction, spoke to Yamaraja, asking him where this cry was coming from. Yamaraja said, O Supreme Lord, those people who break religious principles on the earthly planet come here to suffer in hell. They are suffering here due to their own karma. One who eats the fruits of the tree of sin, suffers greatly which makes them cry loudly for their own sins. Hearing this from the son of the sungod, the lotus- eyed Supreme Lord immediately proceded toward the crying sinful people. Seeing them suffering in a ferocious hell such as Raurava, the Supreme Personality of Godhead thought to Himself, within His heart about their welfare. I have personally created all of these living entities

In the northern direction of India, where the Himalaya is situated, among 125,000 hills, there is a greatly meritorious hill called Bhadarika asrama where Nara and Narayana sat and performed tapasa. On this mountain, Lord Siva describes that the Supreme Personality of Godhead, with matted hairs, was performing tapasa to show the living entities how to perform the purifacatory process. He is being worshipped for six months out of the year by human beings and the other six months, He cannot be worshipped by human beings because it is all covered with snow. The demigods who perform austerities there, worship Him. Anybody who goes to visit Bhadranatha, becomes free from millions of sins. One who takes bath there in Alakananda there, in Ganges there becomes free from great sinful activities. Once, I (Lord Siva) personally clothed went there to perform a particular austerity. The Supreme Personality of Godhead personally appeared near me saying how pleased He was and asked me to ask a boon. He said, "O Siva, anything you desire, I shall give you." Lord Siva replied, "If you are so happy with me, O Supreme Lord, please award me two kinds of boons if You desire so. Let me have Your pure devotional service and let me become You topmost devotee. Everybody should understand that I am Your devotee. The second boon that he asked was, O Lord, by Your mercy, let me have the power to give liberation to my devotees. Let me become famous as a Vishnu bhakta. Anybody who performs austerity for me, let me give him the boon of liberation, O Supreme Lord. Although my whole body is smeared with dirty ashes, still let me become positively famous in this world by Your great mercy."

One who listens to the glories of Tulasi devi becomes purified by removing all of his sins and achieves liberation without a doubt. Anybody who plants a Tulasi in his own house, that house becomes free from sins. Just by seeing Tulasi, one undoubtedly becomes free from the killing of a brahmana. One who worships Lord Shri Hari in the month of Kartika (October-

November), with Tulasi leaves specifically, he becomes very happy. Of one goes around Tulasi, even once, he becomes free from all sins. If a person who is born in a Sudra family wants to become purified, he has to give charity for a long duration of time, but if one worships the Supreme Lord with Tulasi leaves, he becomes purified and free from sins. Therefore, Tulasi worship is a great meritorious function. Haridvara is a greatly meritorious place of pilgrimage where all great sainly persons, sages amoung the demigods and sages among human beings, plus all of the Manus reside. This tirtha has been existing since Satya yuga. This Ganges emanated from the lotus feet of Lord Shri Vishnu and Bhagiratha brought this Ganges through Haridvara to liberate all of his ancestors. Narada Muni then asked, "Please tell me who is that Bhagiratha who brought this Ganges to deliver all living entities, because wherever this Ganges flows that place becomes a meritorious place? If anybody chants 100 names of Ganges or 100 hundred times "Ganga" he becomes free from sins and attains the abode of Lord Vishnu. How did he bring the Ganges? Please tell me of his activities." Lord Shri Siva replied, "Previously, there was a greatly truthful king named Hariscandra who had a son named Rohita, who was a devotee of Lord Shri Vishnu. His son was __________ who was also very religious and he had a son named Subahu, who had a son named Gara, who was also a very religious person. Due to certain circumstances, he become distressed due to not having a son. While wandering about, he came to the asrama of Bhargava who awarded him the benediction of a son whose name was Sagara, who was cared for by Bhargava himself who taught him all kinds of military art as well as Vedic knowledge." When Narada Muni requested Lord Siva to completly narrate the history of King Sagara, Lord Siva began, "Sing Sagara married two wives and he performed great austerities to burn his sins. Being pleased with him, Sage Aurava gave him a boon, saying that he would received six thousand sons at once and only one would become austere. He will carry on the dynasty. In due course of time, one pumpkin like thing took birth in which there were children and they grew very quickly. By drinking the milk of cows and their own mother, they started growing very strong. One boy named Pancajana became the king. His son was Ansumana, who was very strong, and he had a son named Dilipa who became Bhagiratha, who brought the Ganges to this earthly planet by his great austerities. After great austerities, the Supreme Lord released the Ganges to him, which came down to this world where Lord Siva caught hold of her and due to great austerities again, Lord Siva released her. Thus the Ganges came down to Haridvar which became a great place of pilgrimage which is even rare to the demigods. Anybody who takes bath in Haridvar and sees Krishna and circumambulates Him, he never achives any material miseries, and many kinds of sins, including the killing of a bahmana become destroyed. Once, I (Lord Siva) went to see Lord Shri Hari in Haridvara where, by the influence of this great place, I achieved the form of Vishnu. If anybody goes to that place to see Lord Hari, whether he is a man or a woman, they achieve the four armed form and attain the abode of Vishnu. This is just by seeing Lord Hari there. Whether one is desirous of material things or desirous of liberation, he must go to Haridvara where the Ganges flows. By taking bath in the Ganges and drinking its holy water, a person undoubtedly achieves liberation. Just by seeing, just by praying to, just by touching, just by bathing in it (Yamuna), one immediately achieves liberaton. As long as one does not see or take bath in the bluish water of the Yamuna, who is the daughter of the sungod, he carries on wandering in different species of life in this world and remains diseased and dies. Lord Siva continued, "It is rarely available, even to the demigods to take bath in Prayaga where the Ganges, Yamuna and Sarasvati combine. This place of pilgrimage has never existed before and will not be constituted in the future as long as all of the planets like the sun and moon remain in the sky. Prayaga is the best place of pilgrimage. One who takes bath early in the morning in Prayaga becomes free from all great sins and achieves the topmost destination. After taking bath, one should give a little charity to the poor. One who goes to Prayaga and takes bath and sees the banyana tree there becomes free from the killing of a brahmana. This banyana tree is named as an imperishable banyan tree which has existed for milleniums because Lord Shri Vishnu has slept on its leaf at the time of annhiliation. One who worships Lord Shri Vishnu becomes very happy. All the saintly persons and demigods live there. Therefore, anybody, whether he has killed cows, or is a low born person or he is a criminal or a dirty minded person, the killer of a child, the killer of a brahmana, anyone who bathes there, achieves the four armed form and lives in Vaikuntha dham. Anybody who takes bath in Prayage, in the month of Magha, no one can account his merits. Lord Narayana awards him liberation. Just as among the planets, the Sun is considered to be the supermost and among the stars, the moon is considered to be the greatest. In that very way, the month of Magha (December-January) is considered to be the very best in Prayaga.

Whether it is a leaf or manjari or seeds or roots or branches or bark-anything which emanates from Tulasi is purifying, even the clay or mud of it. Anybody whose body is burnt with Tulasi wood, after putting a paste of Tulasi wood on his body, then he will not return again to this world. Even if one piece of Tulasi was there while cremating ones dead body, he becomes free from millions of sins. If the dead body was washed with Ganges water, then he achieves unlimited merits. One who burns frankincense on the fire of Tulasi wood, he achieves the result of performing an Agnistoma. One who cooks food to offer to the Supreme Lord with a Tulasi fire, he achieves the merit of performing one hundred sacrifices and donating one hundred cows. When he offers that food to the Lord, that food becomes equal in quantity to Mount Sumeru to the Supreme Lord. Anybody who offers a lamp to the Lord, lit with the fire of Tulasi, one lamp becomes like one thousand lamps to the Lord. Anybody who offers a paste made of Tulasi wood to the Supreme Lord, he becomes qualified to achieve the mercy of the Lord. In Kaliyuga, if any person daily puts the paste of Tulasi wood on the body of the Supreme Lord with devotion, he enjoys with Lord Shri Hari. If anybody has clay from the root of Tulasi on his body and worships Lord Shri Vishnu, he achieves the merit of donating one hundred cows and the merit of serving the Lord one hundred times on that day. Anybody who worships the Supreme Lord with the soft manjaris from Tulasi and with flowers, his worship is extended as long as the sun and moon show their light on this planet. In anybody's house where there is a garden of Tulasi, by touching it or looking at it, one becomes free from the killing of a brahmana and all of his sins become nullified". Lord Siva continued, "O Narada, anywhere Tulasi is found, the Lord of the universe, Lord Shri Hari resides there happily. There is no poverty in his house and there is no misery caused by seperation from his relatives. There is no misery, there is no fear, and there is no disease in that house. Tulasi is always meritorious, especially in places of pilgrimage. If anybody takes bath in Bennares, whatever merits he gets, one hundred times more merit can be achieved in Kuruksetra. In Prayaga or Naimisaranya, he achieves one hundred times more merit than in Kuruksetra, and ten million times more merit than all of this is achieved by a person who worships Salagram Sila. All kinds of sins are washed if somebody is worshiping Salagram Sila.

Neither by studying Vedic literatures, following their rules, performing sacrifice, traveling to millions of places of pilgrimage, fasting on many occasions, or worshipping the demigods, can one cannot achieve liberation unless he observes Trisprsa Ekadashi. The Supreme Personality of Godhead created His own day for everyone's liberation. Specifically in Kali yuga, one must observe this Trisprsa Ekadashi because practically everyone is engaged in sense gratification, trying to satisfy their senses and they are bereft of following any rules and regulations or meditation on the Supreme Lord. Practically all are lusty, and interested in looking for sense objects, but even to them, the Trisprsa is able to award liberation. Previously, the Supreme Lord, who is in the milk ocean, spoke to me (Lord Siva). When I payed obeisances to the Lord, He spoke to me, saying that anybody who observes Trsprsa Ekadashi (Ekadashi, Dvadasi and Trayodasi combined), even if they are engaged in sense gratification, they will be liberated, having become free from all sinful activities. Specifically, if this Trsprsa Ekadashi falls in the month of Kartika, it removes unlimited sins. Even if a person is a murderer, or has even killed a brahmana, he immediately becomes freed from such sins. This Trsprsa fasting removes all faults and unlimited sins from a person in Kaliyuga. Even if a person is interested in trimarga (religiousity, economic development and sense gratification-dharma, artha, kama), they immediately become free from such by the mercy of trsprsa. By observing such a fast, one becomes unlimitedly happy. Physical and spiritual strength increases and he cannot be disturbed or destroyed, by any amount of weapons. Neither by taking bath in Prayaga nor in Varanasi nor by taking bath in Gomati River, nor by bathing in the Krishna river, can one achieve liberation. O best of the brahmanas, Narada, without observing Trsprsa Ekadashi or bathing in the above mentioned rivers, he achieves liberation, but just by observing this Trsprsa Ekadashi within the house, one can have all of his desires fulfilled and ultimately achieve liberation. This liberation is very rarely achieved, even to a renounced person, but a person who performs Trsprsa Ekadashi properly, can immediately achieve liberation. Then Narada Muni asked how one can observe Trsprsa fasting by which one can be liberated presently. If the Ekadashi is mixed with Dasami, it is said to be increasing the strength of demons. Therefore, the Supreme Personality of Godhead encourages all of His devotees not to observe this particular Ekadashi or even Trsprsa Ekadashi if it is combined with Dasami day because it takes away ones duration of life and physical strength. Just as a woman who is passing through menstruation can remove a person's knowledge, strength and decrease the duration of life, in that very way, Ekadashi which is mixed with Dasami can remove all of this. If anybody observes Trsprsa Ekadashi, all of his millions of sins are removed. Trsprsa signifies Ekadashi in the morning, Dvadasi in the day time and in the last portion of night is Trayodasi. If this day is free from Dasami, that removes all kinds of offenses and will award ultimate liberation. Anybody who has observed Trsprsa Ekadashi which is mixed with Dasami, he has knowingly drunk very strong poison. Therefore, one should not observe Ekadashi which is mixed with Dasami day. This is directly spoken by the Supreme Lord. Anyone, if he observes Trsprsa or Ekadashi mixed with Dasami, then whatever merits he has acquired for millions of births come to an end and then instead of going to heaven, he goes to a ferocious hell. Therefore, one should carefully analyze the fasting days. If ones whole life's merit can be turned into nil, just by observing an unanalyzed Ekadashi (observing the Ekadashi on the wrong day), then why does does he not take care to observe the day of the Supreme Lord properly. After worshiping the spiritual master, one should remain awake over night on the correct fasting day, singing, dancing, and chanting japa nicely and great worship the Supreme Lord. At the last portion of the night, one should give water to the Supreme Lord, take bath properly according to the rules and regulations, one feed a twice born. Whatever merit one achieves by going to the millions of places of pilgrimage and performing millions of sacrifices, the same merit can be attained by performing one Trsprsa Ekadashi properly. Even ksatriyas, vaisyas, sudras, and what to speak of brahmanas can observe this Krishna fasting properly and all of them can achieve liberation without a doubt. As the twelve letter mantra (om namo bhagavate vasudevaya) is described as being the king of all mantras, in that very way, among all fasting days, Trsprsa Ekadashi is said to be the king or leading fast day, because the Supreme Personality of Godhead created this previously. Even if a person is going to fall into hell, just by the observance of Trsprsa, or the day of Lord Hari, Ekadashi, ones destination can be changed. O best of the brahmanas, anybody who wants to be liberated and be free from all amounts of sins, should follow Lord Krishna's instructions, that under proper guidance, he should observe Ekadashi. Anybody in Kaliyuga, who, after knowing of Trsprsa, does not observe it, his existence in this world is useless and at last, after death, he becomes a hobgoblin and has great difficulty in getting out of this material existence. Anybody who chants the thousand names of Lord Shri Vishnu, whether he is a brahmana, ksatriya or vaisya, sudra or woman, he is achieves liberation. While existing in this world, he becomes equipted with all kinds of facilities which includes wealth. Even if one chants one verse or only a half verse of these thousand names of Vishnu, just by chanting with faith, he can cross over this material existence. **********************************************

(SARPAYA SARPA BHADRAM TE GACHA SARPA MAHA VISAH

JANAME JAYASYA YAJNAYTE ASTIKA VACANAM SMARA

ASTIKASYA VACA SATVA YAH SARPO NA NIVARTATE

SATDHA BHIDYATE MURDHNI SINSA VRKSA PHALAM YATHA

(ADI PURANA)

[(If anyone is frightened of snakes or cobras, then he should chant the following mantras)] (O great snake full of poison. Please go away from here remembering the words of Astika Muni who performed the sacrifice of Janmanjaya, the son of Pariksit Maharaja. If any snake does not go away by hearing the names of Astika Muni, then his head is turned into one hundred pieces just as when a tree's fruit falls to the ground, it breaks into pieces.)

 

PARAM SAHASRA NAMAKSAM TE PATHANTI MANISINAH SARVA PAPA VINIRMUKTAS TE YANTI HARI MANDIRAM

PADMA PURANA, UTTARAKHANDA, 72/12

Anybody who chants these thousand names becomes free from all kinds of sins and goes to live near Lord Shri Hari. These purified thousand names of Vishnu are very dear to His devotees and anybody who chants them with devotion, specifically in the morning, they achieve a good duration of life and the wealth in their house increases. Anybody who remains awake at night and chants these thousand names, achieves liberation. If anybody chants these thousand names, and for each name offers a Tulasi leaf at Lord Vishnu's lotus feet, he achieves the result of performing one million sacrifices. Either while walking, while sitting, or anywhere one can chant these names and he achieves the same results from Lord Shri Kesava.

According to Padma Purana, Uttarakhanda, in the section on the glories or Kartika, it is stated that Lord Shri Kesava becomes very pleased by performing meritorious functions. If one goes to take bath in all of the places of pilgrimage of this universe, gives all kinds of charities as is possible, gives unlimited cows in charity, performs all kinds of sacrifices with money or lives in the Puskaraksetra or Kuruksetra, or even lives on the Himalaya which is covered with snow or lives in Mathura Ksetra or lives in Varanasi ksetra, or lives in Sukara ksetra, performs all kinds of austerities, such a person is not as pleasing to the Lord as a person who observes the Kartika (October-November) month fast. When Lord Siva was asked by his son Kartikeya about the four yugas, Lord Siva replied, "Satya-

yuga is dominated with brahmana qualities; Treta yuga is dominated with ksatriya qualities, Dvapara yuga is dominated by vaisya qualities and Kali yuga is dominated by Sudras. Those people who are faithless, who are dirty in their hearts, who are sinful, who are atheistic, whose minds are not steady, who are controversial, these five people cannot get the results of observing the places of pilgrimage. In Kartika, a person should always get up early in the morning and take his bath and then he will become free from all sins. O six faced Kartikeya, there are four kinds of baths: one by air, one by water, one by mantra and another one is early morning. Taking bath with air is the bath when dust is blown by the cows hoof prints and taking bath in the water is taking bath in the oceans, lakes, etc. Mantra bath (Brahma bath) is taking bath by chanting mantras for purification. And a transcendental bath is to take a bath by staying under the sun. Of all kinds of baths, taking bath with water is said to be the best and is meant for brahmanas, ksatriyas, vaisyas, etc. _______ .... chanting mantras, but for women, sudras, children, for young women, for old men and for uniks, there is a system for taking bath quietly, without chanting mantras. Everyone's sins are removed by taking bath early in the morning. The month of Kartika is said to be the month of Vaishnava and the best of all and 330,000,000????? demigods, especially in Kaliyuga, live in Vrndavana. O greatly fortunate one, if one comes to a transcendental land (Vrndavana) and takes bath early in the morning in the Yamuna, he becomes completely purified. If somebody has taken a vow of performing Kartika fast, he should not eat eatables from others. If somebody gives up eating in others houses, then he gets the results of performing a candrayana fast. One should not use oils and ointments in the month of Kartika. One should not take honey. One should not eat out of bell metal plates or pots. One should not eat low class grains. If somebody eats meat in the month of Kartika, he becomes a demon in his next life. If somebody does not follow the rules of Kartika, then he takes birth as a worm in stool for six thousand years. If somebody, after getting liberation from these two above forms, one takes birth in his next life as a stool eating pig in a village. Therefore, one should be careful in eating during the month of Kartika. If somebody properly follows the rules of Kartika, he achieves liberation and achieves an equal form of Vishnu because there is no equal month as great as Kartika which is very lovely to Kesava. As it is said, there are no scriptures equal to the Vedas. There is no equally purifying place as the Ganges. There is no propensity of man equal to speaking the truth. There is no better yuga than satya yuga. There is no more pleasing sense within the body than the tongue, there is no greater happiness in this world than giving charity. There is no better friend of the soul than following the religious rules and regulations of scriptures. There is no better eyes to know the future than astrological calculation. If a person does not fast during the month of Kartika which is very dear to Lord Damodara, he becomes fallen in his actions of human being and falls into the lower species. Because the Kartika month is the best of all, it is very dear to Vaishnavas always. Anybody who burns a lamp or helps others to burn a lamp in the month of Kartika, achieves the same results as performing a Rajasuya sacrifice and a horse sacrifice. One who does not take bath in a holy river or listen to the narration of Lord Vishnu from a Vaishnava or go to see Him, all of his merits for millions of years are removed. In the month of Magha (December-January) in Prayaga or in the month of Kartika (October-November) in Puskara, one who follows rules becomes free from all sins. Those people who are born in Kali yuga are glorified because in this age, one can be liberated just by chanting the holy name of the Lord. What more can be said, O son," Lord Siva says. "By chanting the holy names of the Lord and taking His remnants, one can become free from unlimited sins. Anybody who does not worship Lord Shri Krishna in the month of Kartika properly, Laksmi does not come properly in his house for one million births. He is said to be a rascal, characterless, arrogant, fallen. In Kaliyuga, who does not worship Lord Shri Hari with devotional service, with lotus flowers in the month of Kartika. If somebody offers the Supreme Lord lotus flowers in the month of Kartika, he becomes free from all sins. Anybody who worships Lord Shri Krishna with Tulasi leaves in the month of Kartika, for every leaf he offers, O best of the sages, Narada Muni, he achieves the merit of offering the Lord a peril. Anybody who offers a Tulasi leaf touched with sandlewood paste, he becomes free from whatever sins he has acquired for thousands of births. If somebody wears a garland which has been offered to Lord Krishna, on his neck, then Kaliyuga cannot touch him and he becomes free from all diseases. If somebody sprinkles water which was offered in a conchshell to Lord Shri Hari, and wears a garland offered to the Supreme Lord Hari on his neck, or drinks the water which has washed His lotus feet, puts sandlewood paste ,which had been offered to Him, on his forehead or smells the fragrance of incense which was offered to Him, one becomes free from the sin of killing a brahmana. After observing the fast of Prabhodini Ekadashi (see the rules and regulations of observance in the Ekadashi book by the author) in the month of Kartika, one should fast for the last five days of Kartika which are called Bhisma Pancaka." Lord Siva said that Supreme Lord Himself had given these fives days to Bhismadeva for fasting, and since it was given by Vasudeva to Bhisma, it is called, the five days of Bhisma. These last five days of the light part of Kartika were performed previously by Vasitha, Bhrgu, Garga, etc. in Satyayuga. Ambarisha Maharaja performed this fast and gave up all of his royal happiness in Tretayuga. Celebate brahmanas perform this fast with chanting japa and performance of sacrifice, according to the scriptural rules and regulations. Ksatriyas and vaisyas who were following truthfulness and cleanliness, etc. This five days fast is difficult for those people who are hypocrites and not serious. If someone observes this fast, he has observed all kinds of fasts, because it is greatly meritorious and frees one from great sins. Therefore, everyone should make a great endeavor to fast on these last five days of Bhismadeva. After taking a proper bath in the month of Kartika early in the morning, either in a river or a waterfall, according to the facility available, one should begin this five day fast. This fast should begin from the Ekadashi day and should end on Purnima. One should take bath quietly, without talking, dress in clean clothes and remember Bhismadeva. On the first of these five days, the fasting person should worship the lotus feet of Lord Hari with lotus flowers. On the second day, he should worship the Lord with the Bilva tree leaves. On the third day, he should worship the Lord with Malati flowers with devotion. On the fourth day, he should worship the Lord with sweetrice. On the fifth day, he should offer the Lord yogurt. On the fifth day, he should take a proper bath and worship the Lord. One should give up eating meat and dahl and sexlife, anything which is sinful and one should take vegetables or fruits and worship Lord Krishna. If he needs to eat, he should do so only in the evening. A woman can also do such a thing by the suggestion of a twice-born and if a widow follows this, she can also attain liberation and happiness. All of ones material desires can be fulfilled and all of the senses can be regulated by following this five day fast. One should follow this Kartika fast in a most auspicious place of pilgrimage. If one follows this Kartika fast, one can attain the results attainable from fasting on auspicious fasting days for a whole year. One should give nice charity to a twice-born person. For anybody who fasts for these five days, including the Ekadashi day, the path to hell is completely closed, but he has to make sure that he is not eating any grains on these five days in order to achieve auspicious results from Lord Shri Vishnu. Any merits which are very rarely achieved, are achieved by those people who fast on these five days. Suta Gosvami says, "I have narrated to you about these five days of fasting according to scriptures. These fasts are even very secretive to the demigods and this rewards liberation. If one listens to what I (Suta Gosvami) have said, if anybody fasts on these five days, even if he had sex with a woman who he should not have had sex with (sister, daughter, sister-in-law, mother, niece, etc.), he becomes free from that sin. He even becomes free from the sin of selling his daughter. If somebody attentively listens to this narration, he also achieves liberation. I tell you the truth repeatedly that one should keep this five days fast secretively, and continue performing it unceasingly. Lord Siva says to Skanda (Kartikeya) that such a person surely achieves liberation.

Any person who sees Salagram Sila becomes purified of the killing of a brahmana. If any person has Salagram Sila in his house, all the places of pilgrimage come to that house. Therefore, one should keep Salagram Sila always in his house for auspiciousness. Anybody who worships Salagram Sila with devotion, twenty-one generations of his family are liberated. If anybody worships Salagram Sila properly, his father and mother are glorified because such a worshiper is very difficult to achieve (it is difficult to attain a son who can properly worship Salagram Sila). If anybody sees a Vaishnava chanting or taking prasadam, he becomes free from great sins. Those devotees of Lord Shri Vishnu who wander in this world are just like a fire which can burn the sins of a sinner. The devotees of the Lord are completely free from the sins of this world, just like the moon in the cloudy sky is not affected by the clouds moving in the sky. A Vaishnava cleanses the dry and wet sins of a sinnner (knowingly done sins are called wet and sins performed unknowingly are called dry). A person immediately becomes from the sins accumulated due to body, mind and words just by looking at a Vaishnava who is chanting the holy names of Lord Shri Hari, Vishnu. If a person has commited violence, either by knowledge or without knowledge, that comes to an end just by seeing a Vaishnava. A sinless person, just by seeing a Vaishnava, goes to the Supreme abode. A sinful person becomes completely purified just by looking at a saintly person. I (Lord Siva) said to Parvati, that "I tell you the truth, just by looking at a Vaishnava, one achieves liberation. Anybody who is stuck in the thick, soft mud of sense gratification, O Parvati, becomes liberated just by the association of a Vaishnava, without a doubt. Therefore, one should meditate and remember Vaishnavas, the servants of Lord Shri Vishnu. Because they are equally powerful as Lord Shri Vishnu and they should be understood as much????????? as Shri Vishnu, who is very youthful, bluish-black in color, who has beautiful lotus eyes, who holds a conchshell, disk, club and lotus flower, and wears yellowish garments, having a Kastubha gem on His chest, and a garland of forest flowers, Lord Shri Hari who is decorated with wonderful earrings, who has a very strong effulgence around His head, who has reddish cheeks, who has a nice crown on His head, He has ankle bells and a nice belt and is always smiling. One who meditates on this form, O Parvati, I (Lord Siva) say that these persons really become Vaishnavas, having a form of Vishnu and goes back to Godhead in due course of time. Therefore, one should look at a Vaishnava always, whether he is chanting with devotion or eating, he certainly becomes a Vaishnava and becomes elligible to go back to Godhead. One who drinks the water which has washed the two lotus feet of Lord Vishnu,becomes free from all sins. Even if it is only one drop, it includes all of the water of all of the places of pilgrimage. Even if one touches it, he becomes free from all sins. It removes untimely death and gives one the merit of bathing in the Ganges. If a sinful person drinks this, he becomes free from all sins which he has in his body without a doubt. If it is has a piece of Tulasi and one drinks it and touches it to his head, he goes to the abode of Lord Shri Hari. Shri Saunaka asked Suta Gosvami about who had previously drunk this carinamrta, the water which washed the two lotus feet of Lord Vishnu, and what happened to him. Previously, in Treta Yuga, there was a sinful brahmana named Sudarsana. He would eat on the day of Lord Hari (Ekadashi) and he would criticize all of the scriptures daily as well as all the people who would fast on the Ekadashi day. He would only think of how to fill his belly. One day in the morning, he died. The Yamadhutas came to take him away to Yamaloka. When Yamaraja saw him he asked his secretary to narrate what kinds of sins and merits this person, who had been brought by his messengers, had accumulated. He also said that this person looks like a grieviously sinful person. The secretary, Citragupta, replied, "O Lord (Yamaraja), he has not done any merits, but has only acquired sins. He even ate on the day of Lord Shri Hari (the Ekadashi day). He even ate on the appearance day of the husband of the goddess of fortune (Janmastami). He is the lowest of all mankind because he ate on the birthday of Lord Shri Krishna, Janmastami, therefore he should be put in the greatest hellish planet for millions of years and at last, he should take birth as a worm in stool." Suta Gosvami then said, "Hearing this, the great messengers of Yamaraja took him to the greatest ferocious hell to suffer for the duration of one hundred Manus. (In one day of Lord Brahma, there are fourteen Manus so he was put there to suffer for the period of one hundred Manus) After that he was liberated and he was made as a pig in a village and daily he would eat sufficient stool because he had previously eaten on the day of Lord Shri Hari. After that life, he became a crow who would eat mucus. One day, that crow went to the house of a brahmana where a pot of carinamrta was left outside the door and he drank some and became free from all sins. On the same day, he fell in a hunter's net and was killed, and at last he went to the abode of Lord Shri Hari, carried on a palanquin by two swan like devotees of the Lord. This is the great merit derived from drinking the water which has emanated from washing the two lotus feet of Lord Shri Vishnu, which removes all sins. Whoever even listens to this narration about carinamrta, also becomes free from all sins.

 

FROM VISNU PURANA

CANTO 1 CHAPTER 3

Shri Parasara Muni told Maitreya, "O Maitreya, everything animate and inanimate as well as the creator, Lord Brahma have appeared from the Supreme Lord Shri Vishnu, and their duration of life is also described. O best of the sages, fifteen eye blinks (nimesa) is equal to one kastha and thirty kastha is equal to one kala and thirty kalas are equal to one muhurta. Thirty muhurtas is one day and night of a human being and thirty days is one month which has two parts (fortnights). Six months is called one ayana and two ayanas is equal to one year where the sun travels in northern and southern hemisphere. When the sun travels in the southern hemisphere, it is the night of the demigods and when the sun travels in the northern hemisphere, it is the day of them. Such twelve thousand years of the demigods is equal to four yugas,(Satya yuga, Treta yuga, Dvapara yuga and Kali yuga) and each of these yugas has a different measure of years. Preceding each yuga, there is a period which is one-fourth the duration of that age and that span of time is equal in length to the evening (yuga sandya) of the age it procedes. A single day of Lord Brahma is equal to one thousand times the four yugas (Satya-yuga, Treta-yuga, Dvapara-yuga and Kali-yuga). In one day of Lord Brahma, there are fourteen Manus, seven sages, demigods, Indra, Manus and their sons who appear as emporers who are all created and annhiliated as well. The life of one Manu is equal to about seventy-one times the four yugas in length. (In the calculation of seventy-one times the four yugas times fourteen Manus equals 994 X four yugas and in one day of Lord Brahma, there are one thousand cycles of four yugas. Therefore, there are six cycles of four yugas left. If these are divided into fourteen, then is equals to 5,103 Celestial years. In this way, in one Manu, there are seventy-one cycles of four yugas and 5,103 Celestial years.) According to earthly years, one Manu's life is 306,720,000 years. Not more. Fourteen times this is the day of Lord Brahma. After this, a nimitika annhiliation or periodical annhilation takes place.

At this time, the whole earthly planet, heavenly planets and siddha planets start burning, and all siddhas, due to too much heat get transfered to Janaloka. When these three planetary systems are annhiliated, Lord Brahma goes to sleep for the same duration of time as his day time. In this way, Lord Brahma passes his day and night, months and years, and he thus lives for one hundred years. Now Brahma has passed half of his life and presently we are passing the second half of his life. After Lord Brahma goes to sleep, and the planets are all destroyed, the Lord saves the earth and in Lord Brahmas next day, he generate the whole creation again. After this last nightime of Lord Brahma, the Lord appeared as Lord Varaha, the boar incarnation. When Dhruva Maharaja met Lord Shri Vishnu face to face, after his austerity and tapasya, the Supreme Lord narrated his past life to him (Dhruva). The Supreme Lord said, (Canto 1/Chapter 12 of Vishnu Purana), "O Dhruva, in your previous life, you were the son of a brahmana. You were worshipping Me in unalloyed devotion and pleased Me. You were also devoted to your devoted parents and engaged in your own occupational duty as a brahmana. After some time, a very young prince became your friend and due to enjoying the royal facilities, he was very beautiful and handsome. By his constant association and seeing his rare opulences, you developed a desire to also become a prince. Therefore, O Dhruva, you have gotten your desired goal in this life by being a prince within the dynasty of Svayambhuva Manu and being born in the rare family of King Uttanapada. For anyone who has pleased Me, this position (princely position) is not very significant. By worshipping Me, one can be liberated at once. Now you have seen Me face to face and undoubtedly you shall receive whatever you desired, which will be the best in the three worlds. Some demigods live only for four yugas, and some live until one Manu. But I shall give you the duration of life of one day of Lord Brahma. You will live as long as the sun rays and moon rays reach, and as long as the oceans, rivers and mountains exist on the land called earth. From the earthly planet, 800,000 miles is the sun globe and from the sun globe, 800,000 miles is the moon globe and above the moon globe, 800,000 miles are the stars and galaxies. 1,600,000 miles from the stars is Mercury. Then 1,600,000 miles from that is Venus. Beyond Venus, another 1,600,000 miles is Mars. Beyond Mars, another 1,600,000 miles is Jupiter. Above that, another 1,600,000 miles is Saturn. Above Saturn, another 800,000 miles is the seven sages stars which look, in the form of stars, like a bed. Above that, another 800,000 miles is the Pole Star. Above the Pole Star another 800,000,000 miles is Maharloka where great sages like Brgu Muni reside. Above that another 800,000,000 miles is Janaloka where the four sons (the four Kumaras) of Brahma reside. Above that 640,000,000 miles above that is Tapaloka where the most austere demigods live and above that, another 960,000,000 miles is called Satyaloka or Brahma loka where Lord Brahma himself resides. Quoted from the Vishnu Purana (3:3), there are many branches of the Vedic desire tree which nobody can explain, but it can be explained in essence here that in every Dvapara yuga, Lord Shri Vishnu incarnates as Vyasadeva to benefit the whole human society by dividing the Vedas. He does this to increase the spiritual strength and realizations among human beings, by dividing the Vedic literature and writing in such a way that every human being can understand. That is why the Supreme Lord Madhusudana's names is Vyasa. Presently, Vaivasvata Manu is ruling. In the reign of Vaivasvata Manu there have been twenty-eight Vyasadevas. In every Dvapara yuga, he divided the Vedas into four parts. Their names are as follows:In the first Dvapara yuga of Vaivasvata Manu, it was Lord Brahma himself who divided the Vedas. In the second Dvapara yuga, Prajapati became the Vyasadeva. In the third, Sukracarya (the spiritual master of demons) became the Vyasadeva. In the fourth, Brhaspati (the spiritual master of the demigods) became the Vyasadeva and divided the Vedas into four parts. The fifth Vyasadeva was the sungod himself. In the sixth Dvapara yuga, Vyasadeva was Mrtyu (death personified). The seventh Vyasadeva was Indra himself. The eighth Vyasadeva was Vasistha. The nineth Vyasadeva was Sarasvata. The tenth Vyasadeva was Tridhama. The eleventh Vyasadeva was Trisikha. The twelfth Vyasadeva was Baradvaja. The thirteenth Vyasadeva was Antariksa. The fourteenth Vyasadeva was Varni. The fifteen Vyasadeva was Tryyaruna. The sixteenth was Dananjaya. The seventeenth was Krtunjya. The eighteenth was Jaya. The nineteenth was Baradvaja again. The twentieth was Gautama. The Twenty-first was Haryatma. After him was Vajasrva. The twenty third was Trnavindu. The twenty-fourth Vyasa was Rksa, who was later on Valmiki. My father, Shakti was the twenty fifth Vyasa. And I (Parasara Muni) was the twenty sixth. The twenty seventh was Jatukrna. Then, Krishna Dvapayana Vyasa was the twenty eighth. These are twenty-eight Vyasadevas who previously divided the Vedas. In the next Dvapara yuga, the son of Dronacarya, Asvatthama will become the Vyasadeva, who will be divide one Veda into four Vedas. According to the fourth chapter of the same canto of the Vishnu Purana, only Krishna Dvapayana Vyasa is an incarnation of Narayana who, by permission of Lord Brahma, divided the Vedas into four branches. Parasara Muni says that previous Vyasas, including me (Parasara Muni) also divided the Vedas into four. The same verses of the Vedas were sung in ever millenium. This Vyasa (Krishna Dvapayana Vyasa) is an incarnation of Narayana because none other than Narayana is able to write Shri Mahabharata.

 

A boy, after his thread ceremony should go to the house of a guru in celibate condition and study Vedic literature very carefully. He should live there, serving and following the the teacher properly and follow different vows of austerity and study, performing Sandya (Gayatri) ceremonies properly. When the guru stands up, he should stand up. When the guru walks, he should walk behind him. When he (the guru sits down on a seat, he should sit on the floor lower than him. He should never act against his teacher. When the guru takes bath, he should take bath after his guru. Whatever the teacher requires, the student should provide (worshipable ingredients such as flowers, etc.) When he completes his education, he should give guru daksina (money and gifts). At this time, he should enter into grhasta asrama if he so desires and follow the rules for grhastas. If he (the grhasta) receives a celibate guest who travels from place to place, he should carefully provide all of his needs. The grhasta asrama is the shelter for persons who do not have a place to live or fixed food to eat. When such people come to the house, a grhasta should speak very sweetly, inquiring as where he has come from, where he will sleep and eat, and thus provide him with everything he needs. When a guest goes hopelessly from a grhasta's house, he takes all of the grhastas merits and gives him all of his sins. Therefore a grhasta should never insult an unknown guest or show him any pride or any disrespect when he arrives at the house, or tease him or speak harshly or abuse him. If a grhasta follows this law, he becomes free from all sins and attains the spiritual destination. After performing the grhasta's duties, he should leave his wife with grown up sons and enter into the forest. In accordance with the rules for renounced persons, he should eat only leaves, fruits, roots, etc. growing his hairs, mustache and beard. Wearing whatever is available, and eating unfixed food, taking bath three times a day, worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead, begging alms from qualified people, tolerating heat and cold he should completely depend on Krishna. If a retired person follows such law, he becomes freed from all acquired sins and achieves the eternal abode of the Lord. The fourth asrama is called the renounced order. He should not have any attachment to his son, wealth and his wife of any kind. He should give up jealosy. He should not be attached to religiousity, economic development, and sense gratification. He should not have feelings of this is my friend, and he is my enemy. He should equally treat every living entity. He should stay one day to five days in each place. He should be free from lust, anger, pride, greed and illusion and attachment and for self interest. One who follows this process achieves the Supreme abode of the Lord.

A grhasta should carefully maintain his family. If he begets a son, after the tenth day of his birth, he should observe a name ceremony for him. Inviting at least two brahmanas, he should seat them facing east and feed them sumptuously. He should give the boy a masculine name, which should be a name of God, and add the last name as Sharma, Varma, etc. If he is a brahmana, he should give his son the last name of Sharma and if he is a ksatriya, he should give his son the last name of Varma. If he is a Vaisya, he should give his son the last name Gupta. If he is a Sudra, he can name him Dasa. The child's should not meaningless, nor should it be a bad or inauspicious word or any name which could be criticized later. His name should be composed of an even number of letters and should have a soothing pronunciation. The last letter should be a small letter (small alphabets). Thereafter(when he grows up some), there should be a thread ceremony and he should be sent to learn his education. After education, if he desires he can enter into grhasta life. If not, he should firmly deside to remain celibate for his whole life. If he is desirous to marry, he should marry a qualified girl who is two-thirds of his age. One should not marry a girl who is older than him or who is younger than what is prescribed. One should not marry a girl who has too much hair or which is too black or too white. Any girl who has extra limbs or lesser limbs or who is impure, or has too many skin hairs or who comes from a low class family, or who is diseased, who is a cruel or bad charactered or harsh speaking woman, who has mustacheh marks, whose face looks like that of a man, whose voice is flat, or whose voice is crow-like, whose eyes are completely round, who has hairs one her thighs, whose knees are very high, who, while laughing has pits on her cheeks, whose face always remains morose, whose nails are yellowish, who has red eyes, who has fat hands or legs, a wise man should not make connection with such a woman. Any woman who is too short, or too tall, or whose eyebrows are connected with each other, whose teeth are seperated in the mouth, whose teeth are coming out from the front, one should not marry with such a woman. A woman who is clean and is coming from good house, with good qualities, she should be married. There are eight kinds of marriages explained by the sages according to his order, he should be married by one of these eight marriage processes[brahma, daiva, arsha, prajapati, asura (demonic), gandharva, raksasa and pisacha (sp?)]. Finding a qualified, religious, meritoreous wife, one can live in grhasta asrama properly following the rules. If one does so, he can go back to Godhead. I am speaking all of this from the third canto, chapters 9,10,11 of the Vishnu Purana). He should develop a saintly character which is established by the seven sages, the manus and the prajapatis. He should get up early in the morning and think of religious activities and actions in which there is no loss of wealth. He should give up acting against religious principles and should not work in such a way which will displease him in the future or create problems. He should not act against the society. He should not evacuate or urinate in his own shadow or in the shadow of a cow, facing the sun, in fire or in front of respectable persons. He should not evacuate or urinate in the tilled fields, in the crops, in the cow barns, where people live or pass through, on the river banks of holy places, within the water and in crematoriams. He should not pass in the holes of rats, etc.???? After evacuating, he should clean his hands with clay (in modern society, he should use soap), a mimimum of seven times and then wash with clean water. Then he should touch a little water with his head, navel and then take bath, chanting mantras and then worship the Supreme Lord with flower and incense after wearing clean clothes. After worshipping, he should make an offering with sumputuous clean food in goodness to the Lord. Then distribute some to the needy and birds etc. Feed some to a cow. After feeding a guest, one should speak very sweetly to him. As he is going out of the house, the grhasta should walk behind him until he leaves the premises. If a guest is coming from a long distance, he should treat him very nicely, but this is not true of a guest who lives nearby. He should not ask the name and address of the unknown guest while feeding him. If a guest goes hopelessly from a house, he leaves his sins and takes all the merits of a house holder, therefore, every householder should carefully entertain a guest. Any person who eats without taking care of his guest, he varily eats sin. Then he should feed a married daughter if she lives in the house, a distessed patient, and a pregnant woman, an old person and children before he himself eats. If he does not do this, then his every morsel is turned into sin and after death, he goes to hell where he becomes a worm who eats only mucus. If a person eats food without taking bath, he eats his own evacuation. Those persons who eat without chanting japa, eat flesh, blood and pus. Those people who eat without feeding the children and old persons within the house, he verily eats evacuation. Those people who do not give charity as householders but eat sumptuously themselves, he eat poisoned food. After cleaning ones hands and feet, one should take his meals very attentively and in a happy mood. While eating, he should not look hither and thither. One should face either east or north, and with one pointed intelligence, he should eat good quality, higienic, alkalaine food after taking his acamana. One should not eat from the house of a bad charactered sinful person who is not even properly initiated. One should not eat in an unclean place, untimely (such as dawn and dusk) and old stale food, but fruits, roots, chutneys, and Guda (Jaggery) can be eaten old. One should not eat food which is not nourishing. While eating, first he should eat the sweets, then salty foods, then foods which are sour and at last bitter and hot foods. One who takes liquid foods first, secondly, hard foods and at last, drinkables, never becomes sick or week. One should eat silently and should not criticize the food. At least the first five morsels, he should eat quietly because they are to satisfy five life airs (pranas). After eating, one should take nice acamana and then wash his hands properly facing east or north and then again take acamana and remember the Supreme Lord Krishna. A wise person should chant his Gayatri in the evening when the sun is still in the down sky and in morning while the stars are twinkling in the sky after performing acamana systematically. A person who is not unclean, not disturbed, not fearful, not diseased should perform Sandya or Gayatri. He should not be in such adverse conditions when chanting Gayatri. Any person besides one who is diseased, who sleeps while the sun is rising or the sun is setting is eligible to perform atonements (he becomes condemned). Therefore, a grhasta, (what to speak of any other asrama) should get up ninety minutes before sunrise, and after cleaning up, should chant his Gayatri mantras. Those rascals who do not chant Gayatri at least in the morning and in the evening, fall into the Andhatamisra hell. A grhasta, if he acheives a guest in the evening, he should take care of him according to his capacity, with respectable words, food and a bed to rest on. He (the grhasta) should sleep on a bed which is free of bugs, not broken, not dirty, not too high or low and not too hard, and face either south or east.

He should not face other directions because he can become diseased. He should enjoy copulation with his own wife at the time when she is fertile. When the wife is unhappy, diseased, passing through menstruation, does not desire copulation, when she is angry, distressed or pregnant, he should not desire copulation with her in such conditions. If a woman is hard natured, is not desirous for copulation, is very hungry, has eaten too much, or if she is another's wife, he should not desire copulation with her. He should copulate with his clean wife after she bathes and is she wearing flowers and scents and is in excited condition. After eating too much food or in hungry condition, one should not copulate even with his own wife. One who enjoys his own wife on the fourteenth day of the waxing or waning moon, on the eighth day of the waxing or waning moons and on the dark moon nights and full moon day and when the sun travels in the Zodiac, he falls in the hell which is filled with stool and urine because these are auspicious days when one should engage in spiritual functions-chanting japa, etc. One should not copulate in the cow barns. One should not have sex through any part of the body where one is not supposed to have sex, after using medicated ointments, in the house of a brahmana, in the temple, or in the place of the spiritual master. Under a tree, in the courtyard, in a holy place, in the animal barn, at the road crossings, in the crematoriam, in the garden, or within the water, one should not enjoy copulation. Early in the morning or in the evening (dawn and dusk) when the urge for evacuation or urination is felt, one should not have sex. If one enjoys sex on the auspicious days, he looses money. If one enjoys in the daytime, he becomes sinful. If one enjoys a woman on the bare earth, he becomes diseased. If one enjoys a woman in the water, he achieves inauspiciousness. One should not even talk seductively or think about enjoying another's wife, because if one does so, he will become a boneless worm. Attachment to another's wife takes away happiness from this world and the next. In this world, his duration of life is decreased and after death, he falls into a ferocious hell. Therefore, understanding this, a wise man should careful avoid associating with another's wife and with even his own wife when she is not fertile. (Especially) if he is very excited sexually, then he should only enjoy his own wife when she is fertile.

A householder should not usurp anybody elses wealth. He should not speak any unsweet or unpleasant words. One should not lie sweetly. He should not find faults in others. He should not make enemy of other's wives or anyone else. He should not climb on rejected and criticizeable carriers (donkies, cows and bulls). A wise grhasta should not associate with those people who are criticized by the society, who are fallen or mad. A person who has too many enemies, who enjoys torturing others, who is not steady, who is the husband of a retched woman, who is a lyer, who is addicted to spending too much money, who always criticizes others (fault finder), he should not make friendship with them or walk with them. He should not bathe in a river facing the current. He should not enter into a house which has taken fire. He should climb on the tip of a tree. He should not rub his teeth together. He should not put his fingers all the time inside the noise. He should not twist his body with closed mouth. He should not couph with a closed mouth. A wise person should not laugh very loudly. He should not pass air loudly (wind). He should not chew his nails or straw. He should not write on the earth. He should not chew his beard or mustache. He should not rub two pieces of stone or two lumps of mud. He should not see in the sky when only one star has come up. He should not see a nude woman and the rising and setting of the sun. He should not hate a dead body or smell from the dead body because that smell is a portion of Soma (the moon). The wise person should always avoid staying at night in the cross ways, near a fig tree which is on a holy spot, at a crematoriam, in a garden or with a bad charactered lady. A wise person should always avoid jumping over the shadow of his own worshipable, respectable personalities and staying in a lonely house and forest. He should avoid hairs, bones, thorns, impure objects, sacrifice of a living entity, ashes, dew, and wet spot caused by bathing. An intelligent person should avoid associating with an unideal person. He should not be attached to a stupid person. He should not go near the snake, and after sleeping, if he awakens, he should not continue laying down for a long time. A wise person should not take too long of a time to get up, to sleep, to bathe, to sit and do excercises. A wise person should give up the animals which have sharp teeth, horns and dew, and should not face the blowing wind and strong sun. He should not take bath with a nude body and sleep nude and take acamana in a nude body. He should not keep his sikha untied to worship Krishna. He should not chant japa, perform sacrifice, worship the Supreme Lord or take acamana while wearing only one piece of cloth. He should not stay with a doubtful person (a person whose character is questionable), but association with a good charactered, knowledgable person is always glorifiable. A wise person should not quarrel with good or bad people because, O king, marriage and arguments are done with equally qualified people. An intelligent person should not increse his enmity with others and should tolerate a small amount of insult or loss. Even if he is going to gain something by haveing enmity toward someone, still he should do so. An intelligent person should not continue to wear a wet dhoti which he wore while taking bath, and he should not squeeze the water from his body with his hands. He also should not dry his hair or take acamana while standing. (The body body should be dried using a gumpsa, a towel or a piece of cloth and one should take acamana while sitting down.) One should not keep a foot upon the other foot. He should not stretch his legs (outstretched toward the worshipable personality) in front of his own spiritual master or respectable person, what to speak of in front of the Deities. And due to false ego, one should not sit in a more elevated place to them on a seat which is higher than them. The temple, auspicious ingredients, and respectable personalities, while walking, he should not pass these on his left side. An intelligent person should not spit, evacuate or urinate facing the sun, moon, fire, water, air and respectable personalities. He should not evacuate or urinate while standing or while on a walkable path. He should not walk over or cross over mucus, stool, urine or blood. One should not sneeze or spit while being served eatables, worshiping the Supreme Lord or performing auspicious functions such as chanting japa or performing sacrifices, and in respectable personalities. An intelligent person should not insult any person and should not trust them in any way. One should not envy them or disrespect them in any way. An idea person should always give respect to knowledgeable persons, auspicious things such as flowers, gold, ghee and spiritualists. He should always help orphans, the distressed and saintly persons. A person who worships great sages, gives oblations to the forefathers, and observes auspicious days, achieves the meritorious abode (the spiritual world). Any person who controls his senses and speaks short, sweet and perfect statements, attains the imperishable abode. Intelligence, shyness, forgiveness, godly thoughts and softness person always remains sinless. A wise man should not study scriptures during untimely thundering in the sky, on the holy days, in unclean conditions, and during luner and solar eclipses. Any person who soothes down an angry person is the friend of all. He should be greedless. One who convinces one against his fear.For one who has a saintly nature, reaching heaven is a very small reward. He should go with a stick at night in the forest and wherever he goes, he should wear shoes. An intelligent person should not walk while looking upwards or hither and thither or on the objects which are far distance. He should walk, looking on the ground a maximum of twelve feet distance. A person who is educated in the transcendental science, who is meek, who follows instructions, who is very intelligent, who speaks and behaves nicely even with sinful people, who speaks sweetly even with bad charactered people, and whose heart melts when somebody comes to behave with him friendly, liberation is within the hand of such a person. The whole earth is maintained due to these people who are free from lust, anger, greed and envy and who always following Vedic instructions. An intelligent person should always speak such kind of truth that it is pleasing to others. If he notices that by speaking the truth, some certain persons feel unhappy, he should remain silent. Even if he finds that by speaking sweet words others will attain loss, then he should not say these things. In that condition, he should say only what will be beneficial to him, even if that statement is not very sweet. An intelligent and wise person should act in such a way, that every living entity will be benefitted in this world and after death, in the next world. He should engage his mind words and actions in that way. Canto 3, Chapter 13

Intelligent people should bathe the dead body very nicely and decorate it with flower garlands properly and take it outside the village and burn it in the crematorium area, and then take bath in complete clothes, facing in the southern direction. He should then offer some water to that dead person, stating his own name and dynasty (gotra). Everyday until the house becomes purified, he should eat only boiled rice without any dahl or vegetables. If brahmanas want to eat in the house, he should feed them because by feeding brahmanas, the dead person feels satisfied. On the third day, seventh day and nineth day after death, one should take bath and give water to the dead person, mixed with some sesame seeds. On the fourth day after death, one should take some bones or ashes of the dead person to put in a holy place. A man should not copulate with his wife until the house is purified. A person's house remains contaminated for only one day if the person who died was a child, or if he died at a long distance or in a different country, if either a saintly person or fallen person died within the house, if he died either by drowning or by being burnt in fire or due to suicide such as hanging himself. One should not eat in the house of a dead person for at least ten days, and in unclean condition, one should not give charity or take charity, perform sacrifices or teach others. This ten days uncleanliness is only for the brahmana. For the ksatriya, the period is twelve days and for the vaisya it is fifteen days. A sudras house becomes purified in one month. On the eleventh, the thirteenth, the sixteenth or the thirty-first day, one should perform a sacrifice and invite brahmanas to feed. The remnants of their food should be given to the dead on kusa grass. Then every month on the death day, he should perform some sort of a sacrifice and feed the brahmanas until the end of one year. He can do pinda-dana in Gaya. One should invite a brahmana who knows the six limbs of scriptures, who can chant the Vedic mantras clearly, who performs sacrifices, who is very austere, who knows the Sama Veda, who chants japa, his own nephew, his own brother in law, his own father in law, his maternal uncle, a brahmacari (celebate), a yogi who burns five fires, a disciple and a person who is very dear to his parents. These kinds of brahmanas should be invited.

A person who has betrayed his own friend, one who has bad nails, a unik, one who has black teeth, one who enjoys his own daughter, one who does not know Vedic knowledge, one who sells soma juice (beer), one who is criticized by the society, a fault finder, a ritualistic smarta brahmana, one who educates after taking salery or one who gives salary to be educated, one who is the husband of a twice married woman, one who has rejected his good parents, one who takes care of a sudra's offspring, one who is the husband of a sudra woman, one who earns his livihood by making a business out of spiritual life. Such persons should not be invited to eat in the sraddha ceremony. He should invite the brahmanas the day before the sraddha ceremony, and if there is an univited sadhu who comes in, he should also feed him sumptuously and nicely. When the brahmanas come to his house, he should wash their feet very nicely and offer them acamana and a seat to sit down. If he is inviting brahmanas for his fore- father's sraddha ceremony, he should invite an uneven number of brahmanas. If he is inviting them to please the Supreme Lord Shri Krishna, then he should invite an even number of brahmanas. He should feed the brahmanas who were invited for the forefather's sraddha ceremony with them facing the northern direction. He should face the brahmanas who were invited for pleasing the Supreme Lord in eastern direction while feeding them. If there is a hungry person who comes, he should also be given some food. Before feeding the brahmanas, he should prepare a red hot fire and place a little ghee, some food which is free from salt and leafy vegetables in the fire. After feeding the brahmanas he should give them some charity (daksina) and silently, he should himself accept eatables. A real nude person is he who is not educated in spiritual science. Another kind of nude person is he who does not fall into one of the four asramas (brahmacari, grhasta, vanaprastha and sanyasa). Another kind of nude person is he who, after taking grhastha asrama, does not, in due course of time, take vanaprastha and sanyasa. Another nude person is he who does not take to and follow proper Vedic instructions even though he is capable of doing so. If a person is healthy and not in a difficult situation, but he does not perform his daily prescribed duties, then he can only be purified by performing an act of atonement. If someone comes to see a person who is not following Vedic principles properly, but looks Vedic, and touches him, he should take a cloth bath for his own purification. Any grhasta is considered sinful if within his house, the demigods, the sages, and the forefathers are not respected and welcome, but are criticized. One should not speak to such a person, or sit with him, or associate with him. If somebody sits in the same seat or eats in his house or sleeps on his bed (with such a person), he immediately becomes fallen. Anyone who eats without feeding saintly persons, demigods, and guests, verily eats sin. A brahmana, after giving up his own religious and occupational duties, who takes up another's duties, is similarly said to be nude. Anywhere, all of the four asramas are combined in their actions, all saintly qualities diminish. One should not speak with hypocrites, especially on the fasting days or after bathing. One should do his daily routine or spiritual services. If any person sees a house where there is no daily routine done for at least one month, then he should see the sun for his own purification. Just by associating with hypocrites, by speaking with them, sitting with them, etc. one becomes sinful. Hypocrites, impious people, those who do dirty activities secretly,those who are hard hearted and selfish, show bottle spiritualist, one should not respect them and should avoid their association by staying at a distance. By associating with such people and scripturally nude people, one ruins at least one day's merits. VISNU PURANA,canto 4, chapter 15

Maitreya Muni asked Parasara Muni, O sage, previously, Hiranyakasipu, after being killed by the Lord did not achieve liberation and appeared as Ravana. Ravana was also killed by the Supreme Lord and did not achieve liberation and appeared now as Sisupala. After being killed by the Lord, Sisupala achieved liberation. Now please remove my doubts as to why Hiranyakasipu and Ravana did not achieve liberation although they were both killed by the Lord and only Sisupala achieved it. In answer to this, Parasara Muni says, "In previous times, the king of demons, Hiranyakasipu, who was very proud of his power and royal situations did not like to recognize the Supremacy of the Supreme Lord. When the Supreme Lord appeared to kill him in the form of Nrsngadeva, he could not understand that He was the Supreme Lord, Vishnu. Due to his rajaguna, or passionate attitude, he could only think that this living entity of half lion and half man was (obtainied) due to some pious activities and he wanted to firmly fight with Him. He had no understanding that He was the Supreme Lord as he came to face Him. After being killed by the Supreme Lord, he appeared as Ravana, who defeated the three worlds, but he could also not recognize the eternal personality of Godhead in whom the whole creation rests. Due to his lusty desires, he stole Mother Sita, but he could not recognize the Supreme Lord Rama who incarnated as a human being as the son of Dasaratha. Although he was killed by Him, he could not understand that this was the infallible personality and could not be attached to Him. At the time of death, he saw Lord Rama, but his consciousness was that here is a great human being. After being killed by the infallible personality of Godhead Rama, Ravana took birth as the son of Cediraja as Sisupala and achieved unlimited imperishable wealth and did not like to recognize the Supremacy of the Lord. Due to his previous activities, and demonic nature, he always envied the Supreme Lord. He always liked to criticize Him and disrespect Him in every way, but he would recite different names of the Supreme Lord which took place due to His transcendental pastimes. He would always remember the lotus-eyed personality of Godhead who wears yellowish garments, who has a nice crown on his head bedecked with peacock feather, who wears a nice garland, who has four long arms, holding a conchshell, disk, club, and lotus flower and who has a transcendental form. At the time of moving, at the time of eating, bathing, sitting and sleeping, he always thought of this kind of form. He would always abuse Him. While abusing the Lord, he would pronounce the transcendental names of the Supreme Lord and remember them in his mind and heart. He would always think of the form of the Lord holding a disk in His hand and coming to kill him. Because he was thinking in this way, when he was killed by the Supreme Lord, he attained liberation.

When the living entity falls in the womb of a woman, he suffers many different ways due to being bitten by different living entities like worms etc. and lying in stool, urine, pus, blood, etc. When the mother eats different kinds of pungent, sour and hot kinds of foodstuffs, he sometimes becomes unconscious. Sometimes he experiences many kinds of pains, but is unable to cry out, helplessly lying there. Certainly, when the time is complete, he is pushed out by the air and he takes birth and experiences many kinds of miseries. In childhood, he always remains in ignorance, not knowing where he has come from, why he is here and who he is, where he will go after death, what is his real identity, why he is tied in the clutches of this material world, what is the reason of being tied in the fangs of material nature, who has sent him in this world, what he should do to get out, what is the real occupation, what is the artificial religious principles, occupational duty, what to accept and what to reject, what is good for him and what is bad for him. In this way, he remains misguided. When he grows into youth, he gets married, produces children, gets a job, passionately engages in different kinds of sinful activities and suffers. He forgets that whatever he does now, hw will have to suffer for later. Because he is unable to control his senses, he accumuates many kinds of sins. While he is lording over the material nature and selfishly enjoying at the cost of other's misery and breaking Vedic principles, he passes his youth. After the youth, when the dwindling stage comes, he experiences some real memories and thus grieves for a long time, considering how he has acted improperly. He lives within the family with grownup children who do not follow his instructions. Sometimes his demands are not fulfilled by them. When he grows completely old, he cannot see properly with his eyes, he cannot eat properly without teeth, he cannot move his hands and legs as he wants, he cannot digest food properly and due to different movements of air and mucus, he makes a sound like grrrrrrr from his throat. At the time of death, he experiences different difficulties and sees the messengers of Yamaraja. Thus he passes away and being taken by the messengers of Yamaraja, he suffers in the hellish planets in various ways. According to his sins, he is punished.

Vishnu Purana canto 6, chapter 5

A living entity does not only suffer in the hellish planets, but also suffers in the heavenly planets because he knows that the heavenly atmosphere is also temporary and he has to fall down from there. Therefore, even there he has no peace. Again and again, he has to fall in the world, either from heaven or hell and go through the embryo to take birth. Sometimes he is destroyed within the embryo as an embryo or sometimes as soon as he comes out from the womb, he is dead. Whether he dies immediately after birth or in the childhood or in the youth or in the mid stage or in old age, he must suffer in every stage. As long as he lives in this world he has to suffer different difficulties and miseries. Just as cotten seed is surrounded by cotten webs. While earning money, protecting money, or loss, problems from the friends and enemies, a person goes through many difficulties in his life. Whatever things please a man, they also, sometimes later become the root cause of his miseries. Whatever misery a person receives from his wife, son, wealth, house, land and money, that much happiness he does not derive. (He receives more miseries from these than happiness.) The people who are suffering with the sun-like miseries of this material nature, they should realize that they have to run into the thick shadow of liberation which is attained by taking shelter at the lotus feet of the Lord. Without taking shelter at the lotus feet of the Lord, where is there any happiness for a person? Therefore, everyone should engage in the service of the Supreme Lord and endeavor to become a devotee. As a devotee he finds happiness because he learns how to use the material facilities for eternal pleasure.

(quoted from Kularnava tantra-chapter 13)

Parvati devi asked Lord Shri Siva, her husband about the symptoms of being a spiritual master and of being a qualified disciple. In reply to her question, Lord Siva said, "JUst by hearing my answer, one will develop a good consciousness toward his spiritual master. ANy person who does not have good qualities, which abide the VEdic literature, who wants to steal or take away other's disciples, who is praised as learned by other pretenders, who is lame, who is deaf, who is blind, who is dirty, who is always sick, who is employed,anyone who dresses as he likes (he does not wear Vedic dress), one who is scurilous or abusive, who makes bad motions or deviates from Vedic instructions, one who walks too fast, one who is fearsome, one who is always sleepy, foolish, slow, lazy, who is engaged in playing cards and gambling, one who has very little devotion in his heart, who does not follow the laws of the state, who is a lyer, who is offensive, who speaks very dry, wicked, who stimulates adirected person, who has badly earned money, who keeps bad women, who follows the rejected rules of the Vedas, one who reveals the message which supposed to be kept secretly, who destroyes the good works,who is coitus, who is hypocrite, one who likes to find faults, who is tricky or deciteful, who is ungrateful, anyone who keeps secrets, who makes a breech of trust, or tretchery, who is mischievious and wants to hurt others, who engages in sinful activities, who intermingles with his bodily relatives, who is not encouraging, who gives false witness, who is always proud and arrogant, who always tells lies, who is stubborn, who speaks to much prajalpa, who have ideas, who argues on small things, who enjoys quarrels, who goes agains someone for small things, who is foolish, who is a worldly philosopher, who is word juggler, who harms or speaks bad from behind, who speaks very sweet in the front, who only speaks about God but has nothing in his heart, who shows his education, and likes his own glorification, who cannot tolerate the praises of others, who is very angry, all of the faults, a guru should not make him a disciple.

One who is not selfishly attached to the wealth of his guru, one who is always hankering for his mercy, who follows his dynasty's religious principles, who is interested in austerity, who lives a renounced life, who is engaged in worship, who is disgusted with his family wealth (not interested to enjoy his family wealth, who is very attentively engaged in chanting japa, who waits for good transcendental instructions, who likes to study ancient Vedic literatures, who does not like to study any material sciptures, such a person should be accepted as a disciple by a spiritual master.

A spiritual master should be wearing very clean garments, his presence should be pleasing, he should be equipted with all good qualities, his bodily limbs should be very nice, who knows the essence of the scriptures, who knows the practical application of all the laws, one who can attract everyone toward him, whose very presence is like a demigod, who has a good face and good speech, who is easily approachable, who is very clean, who removes the bewilderment and doubts of everyone, who is very intelligent and thoughtful, who can see the heart of others just by seeing externally, one who can understand everything according to time, place and circumstance, who instructs others due to his knowledge of past, present and future, whose orders are perfect, who only accepts gifts after being requested, and who is very forgiving. He knows the different divisions of hell, he is very peaceful, who is very merciful to all living entities, all of his senses are under his control and function at his demand, who is well versed in the six scriptures, who is very famous, who is serious, he knows what is to be accepted and what is to be rejected, his presence is very auspicious, he is equal in qualification to Lord Siva and Lord Vishnu, who is very saintly, who is abides by the instructions of Manu Maharaja, who is free from false ego, who is completely satisified, who has transcendental strength of philosophy, who likes to associate with true saintly persons, who is sober, who is very kind, who is a sweet and very satisfying speaker, who is loving to the devotees, who has equal vision, who is thoughtful and deep in knowledge, who is learned and follows the virtuous rules, who is superior in everything, who is a godly spiritual master, he is the best in the bunch, he only wants as much as is required to live daily, he is attached to spiritual instructions, he does not criticize others, by words he is not envious, he is not fearful, he is not quarrelsome, he is not arrogant or proud, he is free from all this. He takes the vow from following his own learning from the spiritual master, he shows the path of transcendence and knowledge, whatever is available, he is satisfied with it, he can see the difference between good qualities and bad, he is not attached to women and wealth, he is free from bad association and sense gratification, he is free "I, me. mine" false ego, he is free from duality, he is not greedy, his association is not bad, he does not take sides, he is very thoughtful, he is equipted with the wealth of spiritual education, he does not sell the mantras or education, he is free from material association, he is not compromising in Vedic instructions, he has decided his goal, he is very religious, he is not disturbed by praise and criticism, he does not depend on anyone (he is independent), he follows rules and regulations, if he has all of these qualities, he is said to be the spiritual master, Oh dear one (Parvati).

One should worship such a spiritual master with devotion which can award liberation after a perfect life in this world because such a spiritual master is directly equal to the Supreme Personality of Godhead who incarnates in this world to direct the living entities to the spiritual world, therefore, the Supreme Lord protects the surrendered souls in the form of the spiritual master. Those who are implicated with sin, see the spiritual master as a human being. Those who are meritorious see the spiritual master as equal to God. Although the spiritual master is the Supreme Personality of servitor Godhead who stands in front of the eyes of a person, those who are unlucky are unable to see such a personality, just like an owl cannot see the shining sun even during the day. If the spiritual master did not appear in this world, then how could the living entity attain spiritual ecstacy while in this world and reach the spiritual world and attain liberation. The merciful Lord, in order to help the living entity, has come to show his mercy in the form of the spiritual master in every step of the living entity. By initiating the living entity, he shows the path of liberation. The Lord accepts the worship of the living entity in the form of Vishnu or Krishna. In the form of the spiritual master, he shows how to cut the shackles of material existence of birth and death. Because he shows the essence of Vedic instructions and sows the seed of devotion in the heart of the living entity, and reminds him about the Supreme Lord. One who does not avoid the Varnasrama system in his functions in this world, he is very austere is said to be a guru. ONe whose mind is steady, whose vision is clear, who is happy by seeing others happy, one who knows what to do and what not to do in either the sleeping condition, the dreaming condition or in the awake condition what to do and what not to do properly, he is said to be a spiritual master. One who can talk about the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and who guides everyone to satisfy and please the senses of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, such a spiritual master should be served by a disciple, not others who are showbottles or pretenders. One should respect such a spiritual master who can remove the fear of fearful people who are frighted with the material existence. According to my (Lord Siva's) opinion, he is said to be a spiritual master who fasts properly and establishes such laws to others, who is always happy, one who can describe the process for liberation very quickly, such a spiritual master should be understood to be rarely achievable who can liberate one from this material ocean. A spiritual master who can give the disciple the encouragement and daringness to walk on the spiritual path is said to be a rare spiritual master. It is a rare spiritual master who can quickly convince others with his conviction, he can very easily satisfy everyone, he can instruct everyone on transcendental knowledge, such a spiritual master is very rare. JUst as one lit lamp can light another lamp, in that very way, a realized spiritual master can impart this knowledge in others. Just as a hungry person becomes satisfied by eating eatables, in that very way, any person with realized knowledge can impart knowledge to others. Such a spiritual master is said to be very rare. There are many gurus or spiritual masters, just as there are many lamps in each house, but that spiritual master is said to be rare who is like a sun and is the source of all lamps. There are many spirtual masters who are expert in scriptural knowledge, but that spiritual master is rare who is expert in the essence of knowlege of the Personality of Godhead. There are many spiritual masters who are austere yogis, but that spiritual master is rare who can give self realization to others. There are many spiritual masters who can give mantras in the name of medicine, but it is a rare guru who imparts a mantra which is the essence of all the scriptural instructions and shastras. There are many spiritual masters who are ready to usurp the wealth of their disciples, but he is rare spiritual master who is able to remove the misery of his disciples. JUst as butter gets burnt in contact with fire, in that very way, sins are destroyed in association with a true spiritual master. Just as fire burns dry wood into ashes, in that very way, by the glance of the true spiritual master, the sins of a disciple are immediately destroyed. Devotees whose minds are completely purified are addressed as unalloyed devotees.

 

 

1

 

Hari Bhakti Vilasa

Quoted From Sara Sangraha

 

TAD-VIJNANARTAM SAD GURUM EVABHI GACCHET SAMIT PANIH SROTRIYAM BRAHMA NISTHAM ACARYAVAN PURUSO VEDA

 

(MUNDAKA UPANISAD 1-2-2 CHANDOGYA 6-14-2

quoted in Haribhakti Vilasa 1:35)

It is said in the Vedic scriptures that to understand the Supreme Lord and transcendental science, a dedicated soul, with folded hands, should approach a spirtual master, acarya, who is expert in Vedic literatures, who is coming in disciplic successon, and completely fixed in transcendental realization.

 

NAISA TARKENA MATIR APANEYA PROKTA

ANYENA EVA SUJNANAYA PRESTHAH

 

(KATHA UPANISAD 1-2-9)

 

To achieve the topmost transcendental knowledge, a person, rather than engaging his intelligence and personal abilities in argument or following false paths, he should approach a bonafide spiritual master to attain wonderful transcendental knowledge from him.

 

PARICARYYA YASO LABHA LIPSUH SISYAD GURUR NA HI

KRPA SINDHUH SUSAM PURNAH SARVA SATVOPAKARKAH

NISPRHAH SARVATAH SIDDHAH SARVA VIDYA VISARADAH

SARVA SAMSAYA SANCCHETTA'NALASO GURUR AHRTAH

 

HARI BHAKTI VILASA 1-45, 46) QUOTED FROM THE VISNU SMRITI)

 

A person who is desirous of obtaining wealth, fame or service from others is not qualified to become a guru, but one who is an ocean of mercy or one who feels pain by seeing others in distress, one who is engaged in the welfare of others; one who is free from the desire for sense gratification; one who is merciful to all living entities; one who has achieved perfection in all kinds of knowledge; one who removes all doubts of his followers; and one who is free from all kinds of laziness, is qualified as a spirtual master.

 

 

MAHA BHAGAVATA SRESTHO BRAHMANO VAI GURU NRNAM SARVESAM EVA LOKANAM ASAU PUJYO YATHA HARIH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 1-53 quoted from the PADMA PURANA)

 

It is found in the Padma Purana, that the topmost mahabhagavata devotee (pure devotee), who is engaged in the occupational duty of a Vaishnava continuously, who is expert in glorifying the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Bhagavan, one who is a brahmana (twice born), is able to become the spiritual master for all mankind. Such a brahmana is equally worshipable as Lord Hari among men.

 

MAHA KULA PRASUTO'PI SARVA YAJNESU DIKSITAH

SAHASRN SAKHADHYAYI CA NA GURUH SYAD AVAISNAVAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 1-54) quoted from the PADMA PURANA)

 

Even if one is a famous brahmana, born in a high class family, who is expert in performing sacrifices, who has achieved a Vedic education and who is well versed in Vedic injunctions in a thousand Vedic scriptures, if he is not a Vaishnava, he is unable to become a spiritual master.

 

GRHITA VISNU DIKSAKO VISNU PUJAPARO NARAH

VAISNAVO'BHIHITO'BHIJNAIR ITARO'SMAD AVAISNAVAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 1-55) (quoted from the PADMA PURANA)

 

A person who is initiated in Vishnu mantras, and who is expert in worshiping Lord Vishnu, such a person is known as a Vaishnava. Besides this, everyone else is an avaishnava.

 

 

THE SYMPTOMS OF AN UNQUALIFIED GURU

 

 

BAHVASI DIRGHA SUTRI CA VISAYA ADISU LOLUPAH

HETUVADA RATO DUSTO'VAG VADI GUNA NINDAKAH

AROMA BAHUROMA CA NINDITASRAMA SEVAKAH

KALA DANTO'SITA USTHAS CA DURGANDHI SVASA VAHAKAH

DUSTA LAKSANA SAMPANNO YADYAPI SVAYAM ISVARAH

BAHU PRATIGRAHA ASAKTA ACARYYAH SRI KSAYAVAH

 

(quoted from TAVASAGARA-- HARI BHAKTI VILASA 1-56-58)

 

 

One who eats too much, one who is very slow, one who is hankering for sense gratification, one who is argumentative in untrue subjects, one who is wicked (vicious), one who speaks unspeakable language, one who speaks about the sins of others, one who criticizes the good qualifications of others, one who has no hairs or skin holes on the body and one who has too many hairs or skin holes on the body, one who follows the lower class spiritual orders, one who has black feet, one who has black lips, one who has bad breath, one who has bad character, one who desires to gain more money even if he has sufficient funds--if someone accepts such a spiritual master, his beauty, wealth and good fortune are lost.

THE SYMPTOMS OF A DISCIPLE

 

KAMA KRODHA PARITYASI BHAKTA'S CA GURU PADAYOH

DEVATA PRAVANAH KAYAMANOVAGBHIR DIVA NISAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 1-60 quoted from MANTRA MUKTAVALI)

 

A person who is free from lust and anger, who is completely devoted to the lotus feet of a spiritual master, who is mentally dedicated to the demigods and who is devoted to the Supreme Lord with mind, body and words, day and night, such a person is qualified to be a disciple.

 

 

PLEASE QUOTE S.B. 11-10-6 WITH THE TRANSLATION

 

 

THE UNQUALIFIED DISCIPLE

 

 

SAD GURUH SVASRITAM SISYAM VARSAM EKAM PARIKSAYET

RAJNI CA AMATYAJA DOSAH PATNI PAPAM SVA BHARTARI

TATHA SISYARJITAM PAPAM GURUH PRAPNOTI NISCITAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA-1/76-77 quoted from SARA SANGRAHA)

 

A true spiritual master should examine a candidate who is staying under his shelter for at least one year. It is his duty because the sins acquired by the queen go to the king because the wive's sins are transferred to the husband. In that very way, the sins acquired by the disciples are surely achieved by the genuine spiritual master.

 

GUROR AGRE PRTHAK PUJAM ADVAITAM CA PARITYAJET

DIKSAM VYAKSAM PRABHUTVAM CA GUROR AGRE VIVARJAYET

YATRA TATRA GURUM PASYED TATRA TATRA KRTANJALI

PRANAMET DANDVAD BHUMAU CCHINNA MULA IVA DRUMAH

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 1-89,90)

quoted from Devyagama and spoken by Lord Siva.)

 

One should not accept his own worship and should not think or speak that there is no difference between him and his guru. One should not give initiation to others, one should not give lectures in front of the spiritual master (unless he has been asked by the spiritual master to do so), and one should not show his potency and power in front of the spiritual master. Anywhere that one sees his spiritual master, he should, with folded hands and in a humble mood, pay his obeisances to him just as an uprooted tree falls on the ground.

 

 

YATHA TATHA YATRA TATRA NA GRHANIYAC CA KEVALAM

ABHAKTYA NA GUROR NAMA GRHANIYAC CA YATATMAVAN

PRANAVAH SRIS TATO NAMA VISNU SABDAD ANANTARAM

PADA SABDA SAMETAM CA NATAMURDHANJALI YUTAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 1/94-95)

quoted from Narada Pancaratra

 

 

One should not speak the name of his own spiritual master everywhere. One should not speak the original name of his spiritual master without using a respectable title with it. One should not disrespectfully recite the name of the spiritual master, but if it is necessary, then with folded hands and bowing head, in humble mood, should recite the name of the spiritual master, putting "om shri shrila,"then the name of the spiritual master, and then Vishnupada with it. Thus he may recite the name of his spiritual master.

 

VASUDEVAM PARITYAJYA YO'NYA DEVAM UPASATE

TYAKTVA'MRTAM SA MUDHATMA BHUNKTE HALAHALAM VISAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 1/112 quoted from SKANDA PURANA)

 

(In the conversation between Narada Muni and Lord Brahma)

 

Anyone who gives up the worship of Vasudeva (the son of Vasudeva, and worships other demigods, he is like a person who gives up the nectar and drinks the greatest snake poison.

 

YASTU NARAYANAM DEVAM BRAHMA RUDRADI DAIVATAIH

SAMATVE NAIVA VIKSETA SA PASANDI BHAVED SADA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 1/117)

quoted from VAISNAVA TANTRA

 

Any person who thinks or sees Lord Brahma, Rudra, Indra and other demigod equal to Lord Narayana, he is certainly a hypocritical spiritualist. 1

 

2

 

ADIKSITASYA VAMORU KRTAM SARVA NIRARTHAKAM

PASU YONIM AVAPNOTI DIKSAVIRAHITO JANAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2-6)

quoted from Vishnuyamala

 

For a person who is not properly initiated, all of his activities become fruitless. Such an uninitiated person can take birth in the animal kingdom in the future.

 

ATO GURUM PRANAMYEVAM SARVASVAM VINIVEDYA CA

GRHNIYAD VAISNAVAM MANTRAM DIKSA PURVAM VIDHA NATAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/10 quoted from the VISNU NATAH)

 

Therefore, after paying proper obeisances to the spiritual master and offering him everything, according to rules and regulations, one should accept initiation and mantras from him.

YATHA KANCANATAM YATI KASYAM RASA-VIDHANATAH

TATHA DIKSA VIDHANENA DVIJATVAM JAYATE NRNAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/12 quoted from TATVA SAGARA)

 

As bellmetal is turned into gold when mixed with mercury in an alchemical process, so in that very way, by the process of proper initiation by a bona fide spiritual master, a person is becomes a brahmana.

 

 

MANTRA ARAMBHAS TU CAITRE SYAT SAMASTA PURSARTHADAH

VAISAKHE RATNA LABHAH SYAT JYAISTHE MARNAM DHRUVAM ASADHE BANDHU NASAH SYAT PURNAYUH SRAVANE BHAVET

PRAJAJA NASO BHAVED BHADRE ASVINE RATNA SANCAYAH

KARTIKE MANTRA SIDDHIH SYAT MARGA SIRSE TATHA BHAVET PAUSE TU SATRUPIDA SYAT MAGHE MEDHAVI BARDHANAM

FALGUNE SARVA KAMAH SYUR MALA MASUM PARITYAJET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/17-19 quoted from GAUTAMIYA TANTRA)

 

 

In Gautamiya Tantra, it is stated that one who accepts initiation in Caitra, achieves the four objects of human life (religiousity, economic development, sense gratification and liberation); in Vaisakha, he achieves all kinds of wealth, in Jyestha he certainly achieves death; in Asadha some relatives die; in Sravana he attains an increase in his duration of life; in Bhadhra his offspring die; in Asvina he collects wealth; in Kartika he achieves perfection in chanting of his received mantra; in Pausa he receives torture from his enemies; in Magha he receives an increase of intelligence; in Phalguna he achieves his ultimate goal, but the extra month is rejected for such process. FOOTNOTE NEEDED

 

 

 

 

RAVAU GURAU TATHA SOME KARTAVYAM BHDHA SUKRAYOH

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/22 quoted from the SKANDA PURANA)

The pure days when the initiation should be accepted are Sunday, Thursday, Monday, Wednesday, Friday.

 

ROHINI SRAVANA ARDRA CA DHANISTHA CA UTTARA TRAYAH

PUSYAM SATABHISAS CA IVA DIKSA NAKSATRAM UCYATE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/23 quoted from the Narada tantra

 

The purified constellation days are Rohini, Sravana, Ardra, Dhanistha, Svati, Visakha, Hasta, Jestha, and three Uttaras. One should accept initiation on these constellation days.

 

 

PURNIMA PANCAMI CAIVA DVITIYA SAPTAMI TATHA

TRAYODASI CA DASAMI PRASASTA SARVAKAMADA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/26 quoted from SARA SANGRAHA)

 

The full moon day, the fifth day, the second day, the seventh day, the thirteenth day and the tenth day (of the fortnight) are the best to accept initiation. If one accepts initiation on these days, all of ones desires are fulfilled.

 

SULAGNA CANDRA TARA ADI BALAM ATRA SADAIVA HI

LABDHO'TRA MANTRO DIRGHAYUH SAMPAT SANTATI-VARDHANAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/29 quoted from the RUDRA YAMALA)

 

 

For accepting initiation, one should always check auspiciopus moments, the position of the moon and constellations, accepting initiation at the most auspicious places of pilgrimage increases ones duration of devotional life, wealth of spiritual realization and number of followers.

THE PROCESS OF INITIATION WITH MANTRAS

 

PARIDHAYANSUKE SISYA ACANTO YAGA MANDAPE

GATVA BHAKTYA GURUM NATVA GUROR ASITA DAKSINE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/127)

 

 

A disciple, after taking his bath, wearing very clean and nice clothes with a nice chadder, purifying himself by accepting acamana, with devotion to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, paying his long obeisances at the lotus feet of the spiritual master many times, should sit down with folded hands, facing his spiritual master.

 

 

NYASYA PANITALAM MURDHIN TASYA KARNE CA DAKSINE

RSYADI YUKTAM VIDHIVAN MANTRAM VARATRAYAM VADET

DIRGHA MANTRAM CA SISYASYA YAVADAGRAHANAMPATHET

GURU DAIVATA MANTRAIKYAM SISYASTAM BHAVAYAN PATHET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/130,131)

 

Thereafter, holding the head of the disciple with both of his hands, the spiritual master should recite the mantras in the disciple's right ear systematically. Following the process of great sages, he should recite this mantra three times. If the mantra is very long and difficult, then he should carry on reciting it again and again until the disciple has practiced it. The disciple should at that moment think the spiritual master, demigods and the mantra which he is recieving are equally respectable.

 

 

SVA MANTRO NA UPADESTAVYO VAKTAVYAS CA NA SANSADI

GOPANIYAM TATHA SASTRAM RAKSA NIYAM SARIRAVAT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/136 quoted from NARADA PANACARATR

 

A disciple, after receiving the genuine mantra from his spiritual master should not reveal it to others. Similarly, he should keep the subjects of Vedic literatures (like the Shrimad Bhagavatam) secret and he should protect them as much as he protects his own body.

 

FOOTNOTE NEEDED

 

PRAPTAM AYATANAD VISNOH SIRASA PRANATO VAHET

NIKSIPED AMBHASI TATO NA PATET AVANAU TATHA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/138 quoted from NARADA PANCARATRA)

 

If he obtains a garland or ornament from the temple of Lord Vishnu, he should accept it and wear it upon his neck with bowing head. Thereafter, he should throw it in the water. He should not bury it or throw it on the earth.

 

 

YAIH KRTA CA GURO NINDA VIBOH SASTRASYA NARADA

NAPI TAIH SAHA VAKTAVYAM VAKTAVYAM VA KATHANCANA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/141 quoted from the NARADA PANCARATRA)

 

Oh Narada, under no circumstances should one associate with or talk with a person who criticizes the spiritual master, the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the Vedic Scriptures.

 

EKADASYAM NA CA ASNIYAT PAKSAYOR UBHAYOR API

JAGARAM NISI KURVITA VISESA ARCAYED VIBHUM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/146 quoted from the Pancaratrantara)

 

One should not eat anything on the Ekadashis of both forthights. One should remain awake over night on Ekadashi and specifically worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead and chant His holy names.

 

 

GOPAYED DEVATAM ISTAM GOPAYED GURUM ATMANAH

GOPAYED CA NIJAM MANTRAM GOPAYED NIJA MALIKAM

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/147 quoted from the SAMMOHANA TANTRA)

 

ONe should keep secret his own worshipable Lord. He should keep secret the name of his own spiritual master. He should keep secret his own mantra that he received and he should always hide his own japa mala (chanting beads).

 

NA NINDED BRAHMANAN DEVAN VISNUM BRAHMANAM EVA CA

RUDRAM ADITYAM AGNIM CA LOKAPALAN GRAHANS TATHA

VANDET VAISNAVAM CA API PURUSAM PURVA DIKSITAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 2/221)

 

One should pay obeisances and offer respects to a brahmana; the demigods; Vishnu, the Personality of Godhead; Lord Brahma; Rudra (Lord Siva); Surya (the sun god); Agni (fire god); Lokapalas (the presiding deities of this world; the nine planets; and the devotees (Vaishnavas) who are already initiated and should never criticize them either.

 

3

 

SMARTAVYAH SATATAM VISNUR VISMARTAVYO NA JATUCIT

SARVE VIDHI NISEDHAH SHUR ETAYORE EVA KINKARAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/47 quoted from the GARUDA PURANA)

 

 

Krishna is the origin of Vishnu. He should always be remembered and not forgotten at anytime. All of the rules and prohibitions mentioned in the sastras should be the servants of these two principles.

 

APAVITRAH PAVITRO VA SARVAVASTHAN GOTO'PI VA

YAH SMARET PUNDARIKAKSAM SA VAHYABHYAN TARAH SUCIH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/47 quoted from the (HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/47 quoted from the Garuda Purana spoken by Narada Muni and from the VISNUDHARMA spoken by Pulaksya Rsi (sp??)

 

type translation from the Deity worship book

 

PRAYASCITTANY ASESANI TAPAH KARMATMAKANI VAI

YANI TESAM ASESANAM KRSNA ANUSMARANAM PARAM

KRTE PAPE'NUTAPO VAI YASYA PUNSAH PRAJAYATE

PRAYAS CITTANTU TASYAIKAM HARI SAMSMARANAM PARAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/49,50 quoted from the Vishnu Purana)

 

Among all atonements such as austerity, charity, japa (silent chanting), and fasting, the rememberance of Lord Shri Krishna is the topmost. The atonement to remomve sinful activities is the only way, but remembering Lord Hari is the topmost atonement to remove sin.

 

KARMANA MANASA VACA YAH KRTA PAPA SANCAHAH

SO'PY ASESAH KSAYAM YATI SMRTVA KRSNAGHRI PANKAJAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/55 quoted from the BRAHMA VAIVARTA PURANA)

 

 

Anyone who has accumulated sins by actions, mind and words, those sins are removed only by remembering the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Shri Krishna.

 

 

SAKRN MANAH KRSNA PADARAVINDAYOR

NIVESITAM TAD-GUNA-RAGI YAIR IHA

NA TE YAMAM PASA-BHRTAS CA TAD-BHATAN

SVAPNE 'PI PASYANTI HI CIRNA-NISKRTAH

(SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM 6:1:19)

 

Even if a person has not fully realized Krishna, he becomes completely free from all sinful reactions by accepting the true method of atonement, full surrender at His lotus feet. Even in dreams, such surrendered souls do not see Yamaraja or his carriers, who are equipped with ropes to bind the sinful.

LABHAS TESAM JAYAS TESAM KUTAS TESAM PARA BHAVAH

YESAM INDIVARASYAMO HRDAYASTHA JANARDANAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/62 quoted from the PANDAVA GITA)

The blue lotus colored Supreme Personality of Godhead in the form of Syamasundara, in whoever's heart He resides, ???????????????????????

 

 

 

 

 

VEDESU YAJNESU TAPAHSU CA IVA DANESU TIRTHESU VRATASU CAIVA

ISTESU PURTESU CA YAT PRADISTAM NRNAM SMRTE TAT PHALAM ACYUTE CA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/63 quoted from the SKANDA PURANA)

 

Whatever merit is gained by performing sacrifice, performing austerities, giving charity, going to the places of pilgrimage, fasting, following the scriptural rules and regulations and building water ponds and gardens is all attained by one who remembers the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Shri Vishnu (Krishna).

YASYA SMARANA MATRENA JANMA SAMSARA BANDHANAT

VIMUCYATE NAMAS TASMAI VISNAVE PRABHA VISNAVE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/71 quoted from the SKANDA PURANA)

Just by remembering the all influencial, powerful Lord Shri Vishnu, ones connection within this world of repeated birth and death is completely cut. To such a personality of Godhead, I pay my obeisances.

 

TADAIVA PURUSO MUKTO JANMA DUHKHA JARA ADIBHIH

BHAKTYA TU PARAYA NUNAM YADA IVA SMARATE HARIM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA quoted from Parasara in the SKANDA PURANA

 

When someone remembers the Supreme Lord Hari with devotion, at once he becomes free from fear, distress, old age, etc. without a doubt.

 

NIRASIR NIRMAMO YASTU VISNOR DHYANA PARO BHAVET

TAT PADAM SAM AVAPNOTI YATRA GATVA NA SOCATI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/77 from VISNU DHARMOTTARA)

 

Anyone who, after giving up all sense enjoyment and greed, engages himself in remembering the Supreme Lord Vishnu, he attains Lord Vishnu's abode where there is no distress.

 

 

ETAN SANKHYA-YOGABHYAM

SVA-DHARMA-PARINISTHAYA

JANMA-LABHAH PARAH PUMSAM

ANTE NARAYANA SMRITI

 

(SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM 2:1:6)

 

 

The highest perfection of human life, achieved either by complete knowledge of matter and spirit, by practice of mystic powers, or by perfect discharge of occupational duty, is to remember the Personality of Godhead at the end of life.

 

TATAH PADODAKAM KINCIT PRAK PITVA TULASI DALAIH

GRHITE NACARET TENA SVA MURDHNY ABHISECANAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/87)

 

 

?????????????

 

SARVA MANGALA MANGALYAM VARENYAM VARADAM SIVAM

NARAYANAM NAMASKRTYA SARVA KARMANI KARAYET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/89 from the VAMANA PURANA)

 

The Personality of Godhead, Lord Narayana, who is all auspicious among auspicious things, who is the best of all, who gives benedictions of all kinds, should always be remembered while performing all kinds of activities.

 

 

UPA PATAKESU SARVESU PATAKESU MAHATSU CA

PRAVISYA RAJANI PADAM VISNU DHYANAM SAMACARET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/102 quoted from the Narada Pancaratra)

 

Anyone who wants to become free from all kinds of obstacles and great difficulties, should always remember and worship Lord Shri Vishnu early in the morning or the last part of the night within his house.

 

 

VIBHAJYA PANCADHA RATRIM SESE DEVA ARCAN ADIKAM

JAPAM HOMAM TATHA DHYANAM NITYAM KURVITA SADHAKAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/104 quoted from the VAIHAYASA PANCARATRA

 

 

A mendicant should divide the whole night into five parts after sunset and in the last part he should daily perform japa, sacrifice and meditation on the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

 

RATRES TU PASCIME YAME MUHURTAU BRAHMYA UCYATE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/105 quoted from the VISNU SMRITI)

 

Therefore it is written that the last part of the night is called the brahma muhurta.

 

NA KRSTE SASYA MADHYE VA GO VRAJE JANA SANSADI

NA VARTMANI NA NADYA ADI TIRTHESU PURUSARSABHA

NAPSU NAIVAMBHASAS TIRE NA SMASANE SAMACARET

UTSARGA VAI PURISASYA MUTRASYA CA VISARJANA

NIDHAYA DAKSINE KARNE BRAHMASUTRAH UDANG MUKHAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/160,161,164 quoted from the VISNU PURANA AND VYASA GITA)

 

One should not pass stool and urine on the tilled agricultural land, in the middle of growing crops, in the cow barn, in the midst of habitation, in the path or alleys, on the river banks, in the water, nearby water and at the crematoriam. While passing stood or urine, one should rap his brahman thread (sacred thread) around his right ear and face north if possible.

KARNOPAVITY UDANG VAKTRO DIVASE SANDHYAYOR API

VINMUTRE VISRJEN MAUNI NISAYAM DAKSINA MUKHAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/168 from the SKANDA PURANA, KASI KHANDA)

After putting the brahman thread on the right ear, in the daytime and the evening, one should face in the northern direction and at night in the southern direction. One should remain silent while passing stool and urine. 2

MUKHE PARYYASUITE YASMAD BHAVED ASUCI BHAGNARAH

TATAH KURYAT PRAYATNENA SUDDHYARTHAM DANTA DHAVANAM

UPAVASE'PI NO DUSYED DANTADHAVANAM ANJANAM

GANDHA ALANKARA SAD VASTRA PUSPA MALANULEPANAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/225,226) quoted from the SKANDA PURANA, KASI KHANDA

 

If one does not brush his teeth and clean the mouth, it remains foul. Cleanliness is destroyed with a foul mouth. Therefore one should endeavor to properly brush his teeth. One should even clean his teeth, and possibly put ointment, sandlewood paste, ornaments, clean pure clothing, fragrant flower garlands, even some perfume on the body, even on the fasting days. In this, there is no offense.3

 

TATAS CA ACAMYA VIDHIVAT KRTVA KESA PRASADHANAM

SMRTVA PRANAVA GAYATRAU NIBADHNIYAC SIKHAM DVIJAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/235)

Thereafter, a twice born person (brahmanas ksatriyas, vaisyas) after cleansing his teeth and mouth with proper acamana purification, should tie his sikha while chanting the Gayatri mantra which begins with om.

 

PRATAR MADHYANYAYOH SNANAM VANAPRASTHA GRHASTHAYOH

YATES TRISAVANAM SNANAM SAKRTTU BRAHMACARINAH

SARVE CA API SUKRT KURYYUR ASAKTAU CA UDAKAM VINA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3-240, 241 spoken by Daksa Prajapati)

 

The vanaprasthis (retired persons) and grhasthas (householders) are required to bathe twice daily (in the morning and at noontime. A sanyasi should bathe three times a day and a brahmacari needs to bathe only once a day. If due to some unavoidable circumstance, one is not able to bathe as described here, one bath is sufficient for all. If someone cannot even take one bath, he should at least take a mantra bath.

 

 

SNANA HINO NARAH PAPI SNANA HINO'SUCIH SADA

ASNAYI NARAKAM BHUKTVA PUKKASADISU JAYATE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/247 from the PADMA PURANA)

 

A person who does not take bath is said to be sinful. Without a bath, a person is said to always remain unclean. A person who does not take bath goes to hell and then he takes birth in the womb of woman in the lowest class dynasty.

 

 

YAMYAM HI YATAHA DUHKHAM NITYA SNAYI NA PASYATI

NITYA SNANENA PUYANTE API PAPA KRTO NARAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/249)from the PADMA PURANA

 

A person who takes bath daily will not suffer in hell. What further can be said? Even a sinful person becomes purified by taking bath daily.

 

 

DUH SVAPNAM DUSTA CINTA CA BANDHYA BHAVATI SARVADA

PRATAH SNANA VISUDDHANAM PURUSANAM VISAM VARAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/252 from the PADMA PURANA)

Anyone who takes a morning bath properly never experiences horrifying dreams and dirty anxiety.

 

UTSAHA MEDHA SAUBHAGYA RUPA SAMPAT PRAVARTAKAM

MANAH PRASANNATA HETUH PRATAH SNANAM PRASASYATE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/257 from KASI KHANDA)

 

One who takes bath early in the morning achieves enthusiasm, intelligence, good fortune, good beauty, wealth and happiness of mind. Therefore bathing in the morning is glorified.

GUROH PADA UDAKAM PUTRA TIRTHA KOTI PHALA PRADAM

VIPRA PADODAKA KLINNAM YASYA TISTHATI VAI NARAH

TASYA BHAGIRATHI SNANAM AHANY AHANI JAYATE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/282, 283 from the PADMA PURANA)

Oh son, the water which washes the feet of the pure spiritual master is equal to the water of ten million places of pilgrimage. Furthermore, the water which has washed the feet of a qualified brahmana, if it washes the head of any person, he attains the merit of regularly taking bath in the place of pilgrimage where the Ganges flows.

 

PRTHIVYAM YANI TIRTHANI TANI TIRTHANI SAGARE

SA SAGARANI TIRTHANI PADE VIPRASYA DAKSINE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/284 from GAUTAMIYA TANTRA)

 

Whatever places of pilgrimage are available on this planet, they are all combined in the ocean. Furthermore, all the places of pilgrimage including the ocean are within the right foot of a qualified brahmana.

TATHAIVA TULASI MISRA SALAGRAMA SILA JALAM

ABHISEKAM VIDADHYA CA PITVA TAT KINCIT AGRATHAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/286 from GAUTAMIYA TANTRA)

 

A person should drink a portion of Tulasi leaf water which has been used to bathe Salagram Sila and then touch it to his head.

 

SALAGRAMA SILA TOYAM APITVA YASTU MASTAKE

PRAKSE PANAM PRAKURVITA BRAHMA HA SA NIGADYATE

VISNU PADODAKAT PURVAM VIPRA PADODAKAM PIVET

VIRUDDHAM ACARAN MOHAD BRAHMA HA SA NIGADYATE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/288, 289 from the GAUTAMIYA TANTRA)

 

One who does not drink the water which emminates from bathing Salagram Sila, and touching it to his head, he is considered a killer of a brahmana. Before drinking the water which has emanated from washing the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu, one should drink the water which has washed the feet of a pure brahmana. Anyone, due to illusion, who acts otherwise, is also considered equally the killer of a brahmana as well.

 

AKALA MRTYU HARANAM SARVA VYADHI VINASANAM

VISNOH PADODAKAM PITVA SIRASA DHARAYAMY AHAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/290 from the GAUTAMIYA TANTRA)

 

This is the month for accepting carinamrta. This carinamrta removes untimely death and frees one from all kinds of diseases. I therefore accept this carinamrta emanating from washing the lotus feet of Lord Vishnu and I place it on my head.

 

 

GANGA GODAVARI REVA NADYO MUKTI PRADAS TU YAH

NIVASANTI SA TIRTHAS TAH SALAGRAMA SILA JALE

KOTI TIRTHA SAHASRAIS TU SEVITAIH KIM PRAYOJANAM

TIRTHAM YADI BHAVET PUNYAM SALAGRAMA SILODBHAVAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/293, 294 from the PADMA PURANA

 

The water which washed Salagram Sila includes the water from the Ganga, Godavari, Reva and other liberating rivers. If this bath water from the Salagram Sila is available, then there is no need for thousands of other places of pilgrimage.

GANGA PRAYAGA GAYA NAIMISA PUSKARANI

PUNYANI YANI KURU JANGALA YA MUNANI

KALENA TIRTHA SALILANI PUNANTI PAPAM

PADODAKAM BHAGAVATAH PRAPUNATI SADYAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/301 from the NRSINGHA PURANA)

Ganga, Prayaga, Gaya, Naimisa, Puskara, Kuruksetra, together with other places of pilgrimage remove the sins of a person after long connection with them. But water which has washed the lotus feet of the Supreme Personality of Godhead at once purifies a person.

 

YO'NYATRA KURUTE YATNAM DHARMA KARYYE DVIJOTTAMAH

VIHAYA SANDHYA PRANATIM SA YATI NARAKAYUTAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 3/315 from MANU SMRITI)

 

Any twice born brahmana who does not perform the Gayatri mantra properly and engages in other activities and vows, goes to hell for one billion years.

4

 

 

KRSNALAYAM YO KURUTE PATAKABHIS CA SOBHITAM SADAIVA TASYA LOKE TU VASAS TASYA NA CA ANYATAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/50 quoted from the BRHAN NARADIYA PURANA)

 

 

(In Dvaraka Mahatmya it is stated) Any person who decorates the temple of Lord Hari with a nice flag, lives eternally in His (Lord Hari) abode. He does not live anyehere else besides there.

 

SUVARNA RUPYA SANKHASMA SUKTI RATNA MAYANI CA

KAMSYAYA TAMRA RAITYAMI TRAPUSI SAMAYANI CA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/59 quoted from the BRAHMA PURANA)

 

Gold, silver, conchshell, stone, perils, quartz, bellmetal, iron, copper, brass, aluminum and lead utensils are purified by washing them with water.

 

SUTIKA SAVA VINMUTRA RAJAHSVALA HATANI CA

PRAKSEPTAVYANI TANY AGNAU YACCA YAVAT SAHED API

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/67 from the BRAHMA PURANA)

 

If the utensils are touched by a woman who has just given birth to a child, touched a dead body, who has evacuated, who has urinated or who is passing through menstruation, they can only be purified by heating it over a fire (flame).

 

MADYAIR MUTRA PURISAIR VA SLESMA PUYASTHISTHIVANAIH

SAM PRSTAM NAIVA SUDHYETA PUNAH PAKENA MRNMAYAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4-70 from MANU SMRTI)

 

 

If an earthen pot is touched with wine, urine, stool, mucus, pus or the salaiva of a person, even if it is heated over fire (flame), it cannot be purified.

 

 

SNATASYA VANHI TAPTENA TATHAIVA ATAPA VARINA

SARIRA SUDDHIR VIJNEYA NA TU SNANA PHALAM BHAVET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/119)

 

Any person who takes bath with hot water which is heated with fire or with sunlight, his body certainly becomes cleansed, but he does not get the result of taking a bath.

 

PAURNA MASYAM TATHA DARSE YAH SNAYAD USNA VARINA

SA GO HATYA KRTAM PAPAM PRAPNOTI IHA NA SAMSAYAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/122 by Svayambhuva Manu)

 

Any person who takes a hot bath on a full moon day and newmoon day becomes implicated with the sin of killing a cow in this world. Of this there is no doubt.

 

 

SNANA SATI TARE NAIVA VASASAMBHASI GATRATAH

SAM MARJJYA VASASI DADHYAT PARIDHANA UTTARIYA KE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/144 PADMA PURANA)

 

Whatever cloth one has used while taking bath, after taking bath, the same cloth cannot be used to dry the body. Another piece of cloth should be used to dry the body. Afterwards garments can be used to cover the body.

 

NAGNAU MALINA VASTRAH SYAT NAGNAS CA ARDHA PATAH SMRTAH

NAGNO DVIGUNA VASTRAH SYAT NAGNO RAKTA PATAS TATHA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/147 spoken by Atri Muni)

 

 

Anyone who is wearing dirty clothes is equal to a nude man. Ordinarily,if the cloth is torn into half, the person wearing it is said to be naked as well. Any person who is wearing double clothes is also said to be nude. Anybody wearing red colored clothes is said to be nude.

 

SAUCAM SAHASRA ROMANAM VAYU AGNI ARKA INDU RASMIBHIH

RETAH SPRSTAM SAVA SPRSTAM AVIKKAM NAIVA DUSYATI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/153 spoken by Angira Muni)

 

 

Woolen clothes can be purified by air, fire and sunlight and moonlight. A blanket made from sheep wool, even if they are touched by a mensturating lady, or a dead body, they do not become contaminated. DHARAYED VASASI SUDDHE PARIDHANA UTTARIYAKE

ANICCHANNA SUDESE SUKLE ACAMET PITHA SAMSTHITAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/161 spoken by Angira Rsi)

 

 

One should wear a chadder which is not torn, which is very beautiful, pure, clean and bright. After putting on nice garments one should sit on a seat and take acamana.

TATO DVADASABHIH KURYAN NAMABHIH KESAVA ADIBHIH

DVADASA ANGESU VIDHIVAD URDHVA PUNDRANI VAISNAVAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/169 from the BRAHMA PURANA, spoken by the Supreme Personality of Godhead)

Thereafter, a Vaishnava should put twelve tilaka marks on his body, chanting the names of Kesavah namah all over his body bodily limbs. Sacred clay should be used for tilaka and the tilaka marks should be shooting upwards.

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(In this regard, Sanatana Gosvami gives a nice commentary, saying that "this sacred tilaka should begin saying Kesavaya namah from the forhead. The length of this tilaka should be approximately eight inches, but on other parts of the body, the size of the tilaka is said to be equal to the size of a lamp's flame and this should be used according to ones sampradaya or Vaishnava tradition.)

 

????????????????a verse was on the tape but not written

HBV 4/172,173 PADMA PURANA UTTARAKHANDA

 

/

URDHVA PUNDRE TRIPUNDRAM YAH KURUTE NARADHAMAH

BHANKTVA VISNU GRHAM PUNDRAM SA YATI NARAKAM DHRUVAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/181 from the PADMA PURANA, spoken by Shri Narada Rsi.)

 

Any person who puts upward sacred tilaka on his forehead and above that puts on tripundra (three lines going north to south), he attains the sin of breaking a temple of Lord Vishnu and thus goes to hell without a doubt.

 

 

 

YASYA URDHVA PUNDRAM DRSYETA LALATE NO NARASYA HI

TAD DARSANAM NA KARTAVYAM DRSTVA SURYA NIRIKSAYET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/186 quoted from PADMA PURANA, UTTARAKHANDA in KARTIKA MAHATMYA SECTION)

 

Any person who does not have a Vaishnava tilaka which shoots upwards like a flame, to see his face is not auspicious. If suddenly, due to destiny, one sees his face, he should purify himself by seeing the sun.

 

URDHVA PUNDRE NA KURVITA VAISNAVANAM TRIPUNDRAKAM

KRTA TRIPUNDRA-MARTYASYA KRIYA NA PRITAYE HAREH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/189 KARTIKA MAHATMYA)

 

A Vaishnava should not use tripundra, (the three lines which go from north to south) instead of Vaishnava tilaka which shoots upwards like a flame on his body. Anyone who puts this tripundra (the three lines going north to south), his services are not for pleasing Lord Shri Hari.

 

URDHVA PUNDRAM MRDA SAUMYAM LALATE YASYA DRSYATE

SA CANDALO'PI SUDDHATRMA PUJYA EVA NA SAMSAYAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/193 from the PADMA PURANA)

 

If anybody wears a beautiful Vaishnava clay tilaka mark which shoots upwards, if such a person is seen, even if he is born in a dogeater's family, he is considered pure and is undoubtedly a worshipable person as well.

 

 

URDHVA PUNDRASYA MADHYE TU VISALE SUMANOHARE

LAKSMYA SARDHAM SAMASINO DEVADEVO JANARDANAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/194 from the PADMA PURANA, UTTARAKHANDA, conversation between Lord Siva and Parvatidevi)

 

In that beautifully arranged Vaishnava tilaka mark which shoots upwards like a flame, which has a broad space between in which the Lord of all Lords, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Narayana resides which His consort, Laksmidevi. U

 

URDHVA PUNDRA DHARO MARTYO GRHE YASYA ANNAM ASNUTE

TADA VINSAT KULAM TASYA NARAKAD UDDHARAMY AHAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/203 BRAHMANDA PURANA spoken by the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

 

 

If a Vaishnava who wears the sacred tilaka mark which goes upward like a flame eats in anyones house some grains, I (the Supreme Personality of Godhead) twenty previous generations from their suffering in hellish planets.

 

 

VIKSADARSE JALE VAPI YO VIDADHYAT PRAYATNATAH

URDHVA PUNDRAM MAHABHAGA SA YATI PARAMAM GATIM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/204 BRAHMANDA PURANA)

 

 

(This is spoken by the Supreme Lord about how to put a tilaka mark on ones forhead) Any person who sees his reflection within a mirror or in steady water and carefully decorates his forhead with Vaishnava tilaka which shoots upwards like the flame of a lamp, goes back to Godhead.

 

 

DASANGULA PRAMANANTU UTTAMOTTAMA UCYATE

NAVANGULAM MADHYAMAM SYAD ASTANGULA MATAH PARAM

ETAIR ANGULI BHEDAIS TU KARAYEN NA NAKHAIH SPRSET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/205,206 quoted form the BRAHMA PURANA)

 

(The Supreme Personality of Godhead said about the size of the tilaka) If any person's tilaka is as long as ten fingers, it is said to be the best. The second best is that which is the length of nine fingers, and the lowest kind of tilaka is when it is eight fingers long on ones forehead. In this way, there are differnces of ways to apply the Vaishnava tilaka which goes upwards like a flame, but one should never touch or make his tilaka with the finger nail.

 

ARABHYA NASIKAMULAM LALATANTAM LIKHEN MRDAM

NASIKAYASTRA YO BHAGA NASA MULAM PRACAKSATE

SAMARABHYA BHRUVOR MULAM ANTARALAM PRAKALPAYET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/211 212 PADMA PURANA, UTTARAKHANDA)

 

(One should begin his tilaka from the root of his nose to the end of the forehead) From the beginning of the forehead until the end of the forehead, one should put a sacred clay mark with a space in it. The third portion of the nose is said to be the root of the nose from between the eyebrows until the end of the forehead, one should leave a space within his tilaka.

 

NIRANTARALAM YAH KURYYAD URDHVA PUNDRAM DVIJADHAMAH

HI TATRA STHITAM VISNUM LAKSMIM CAIVA VYAPOHATI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/213)

 

Certainly Laksmi and Narayana leave the tilaka of the that lowest twice born person who puts on Vaishnava tilaka which goes upwards like the flame of a lamp without keeping a space within it (the tilaka).

 

VAMA PARSVE STHITO BRAHMA DAKSINE TU SADA SIVAH

MADHYE VISNUM VIJANIAT TASMAT MADHYAM NA LEPAYET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/217 PADMA PURANA, UTTARAKHANDA)

On the left side of Vaishnava tilaka, Lord Brahama resides and on the right side, Sadasiva, the original Lord Siva resides and within the space of the tilaka, Lord Hari stays eternally. Therefore, one should not apply tilaka without leaving a space in the middle.

ANAMIKA KAMADOKTA MADHYAMA AYUSKARI BHAVET

ANGUSTHAH PUSTIDAH PROKTAS TARJJANI MOKSA SADHANI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/221 from SMRITI)

 

(The outcome of applying tilaka with the use of different fingures) One who uses the ring finger to apply tilaka achieves his desired goal of life. One who uses the middle fingure increases his duration of life. One who uses his thumb to apply his tilaka achieves nice nourishment. Anyone who uses the little fingure achieves liberation.

GOPI CANDANA KHANDANTU YO DADATI HI VAISNAVE

KULAM EKOTTARAM TENA SAMBHAVET TARITAM SATAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/228 by Narada Muni in the PADMA PURANA)

 

Anyone who gives a piece of gopicandana (sacred clay) to a Vaishnava, he delivers or purifies 108 ancentors of his dynasty.

 

 

SRI KHANDE KVA SA AMODAH SVARO VARNAH KVA TADRSAH

TAT PAVITRYAM KVA VAI TIRTHE SRI GOPI CANDANE YATHA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/231 from SKANDA PURANA, KASI KHANDA SECTION, spoken by Yamaraja)

 

In which candana can such a nice sweet fragrance be found as is found in gopi candana (sacred clay). Where is that color equal to the color of gopicandana? Where is that heavenly feeling which is felt by one using gopicandana? Where is that thing which is more purifying than gopicandana?

 

 

GRHA NA PIDANTI NA RAKSASAM GANAH

YAKSAH PISACA URAGA BHUTA DANAVAH

LALATA PATTE KHAGA GOPI CANDANAM

SANTISTHATE YASYA HAREH PRASADATAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/238 from GARUDA PURANA spoken by Narada Muni)

 

 

Oh king of the birds (Garuda), if gopicandana is marked on anyones forehead by the mercy of the Supreme Lord, no planets (Sun, Moon, Mars, etc.) yaksas (semi demigods) pisaca (ghosts and devils), snakes and demons can harm him if he is wearing gopicandana on his forehead.

 

 

DUTA SRNATU YAD BHALAM GOPI CANDANA LANCHITAM

JVALADINDHANAVAT SO'PI TYAJYO DURE PRAYATNATAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/240 SKANDA PURANA KASI KHANDA

spoken by Yamaraja)

 

Yamaraja said, Oh messengers, listen to me. Anyone whose forehead has the mark of gopicandana, please carefully leave them alone as one stays away from a red hot fire.

 

 

TULASI MRTTIKA PUNDRAM LALATE YASYA DRSYATE

DEHAM NA SPRASATI PAPAM KRIYAMANAS TU NARADA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/243 SKANDA PURANA, KASI KHANDA)

 

Brahma said, Oh Narada, whoever's forehead is decorated with nice Vaishnava tilaka with clay obtained from Tulasi's root, even if he commits sin, the sin is unable to touch his body.

 

FOOTNOTE

 

SANNIVEDYAIVA HARAYE TULASI KASTA SAMBHAVAM

MALAM PASCAT SVAYAM DHATTE SA VAI BHAGAVATOTTAMAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/309 quoted from the SKANDA PURANA)

 

 

Any person who wears a garland of Tulasi wood after placing it on the neck of Lord Hari, he is certainly the greatest devotee.

 

 

HARAYE NARPAYED YAS TU TULASI KASTHA SAMBHAVAM

MALAM DHATTE SVAYAM MUDHAH SA YATI NARAKAM DHRVAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/310 SKANDA PURANA)

 

 

That foolish person, who after making a nice garland from Tulasi wood does not offer it to the Supreme Lord Hari, but instead wears it himself, he certainly goes to the hellish planets.

 

 

NIRMALAYA TULASI MALA YUKTO YASCASCARYED HARIM

YAD YAT KAROTI TAT SARVAM ANANTA PHALADAM BHAVET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/319 from AGASTYA SAMHITA)

 

Anyone who wears a Tulasi garland which has been offered to Lord Hari, then whatever he does to worship Him will give him unlimited results

 

TULASI KASTHA MALANCA KANTHASTHAM VAHATE TU YAHA

APY ASAUCO'PY ANACARO MAME VAITY NA SAMSAYAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/322 from VISNU DHARMOTTARA by the Supreme Personality of Godhead)

 

Any person who wears a garland of Tulasi wood around his neck, even if he is impure or does not have a good character, he achieves liberation. Of this, there is no doubt.

 

TULASI KASTHA MALANTU PRETA RAJASYA DUTAKAH

DRSTVA NASYANTI DURENA VATODDHUTAM YATHA DALAM

TULASI KASTHA MALABHIR BHUSITO BHRAMATE YADI DUHSVAPNAM DURNIMITTANCA NA BHAYAM SASTRAJAM KVACIT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/337, 338 quoted from GARUDA PURANA, spoken by Markandeya Muni)

 

 

If the messengers of Yamaraja see a person who is wearing a garland or necklace of Tulasi wood around his neck, they run away from him has a leaf is blown by the wind. If anybody wanders about, wearing a necklace of Tulasi wood around his neck, he becomes free from all bad dreams, dangerous situations and all kinds and fear from weapons.

 

 

RIKTA PANIR NA PASYETA RAJANAM BHISAJAM GURUM NA UPAYANAKARA PUTRAM SISYAM BHRTYAM NIRIKSAYET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/343 from SMRTI MAHARNAVA)

 

One should not visit a king, a spiritual master, or a doctor with empty hands. One should not welcome his own son, his disciple or a servant with a gift.

 

 

 

PRATHAMAM TU GURUM PUJYA TATAS CAIVA MAMARCANAM

KURVAN SIDDHIM AVAPNOTI HY ANYATHA NISPHALAM BHAVET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/344 from SMRTI MAHARNAVA spoken by the Supreme Personality of Godhead)

 

If anyone worships his spiritual master first and then Me, he certainly achieves perfection. Otherwise, his worship remains fruitless.

 

YASYA DEVE PARA BHAKTIR TATHA DEVE TATHA GURAU

TASYAITE KATHITA HY ARTHAH PRAKASANTE MAHATMANAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/346 stated in the SRUTIS, SVETASVATARA UPANISAD)

 

Only unto those great souls who have implicit faith in both the Lord and the spiritual master are all the imports of Vedic knowledge automatically revealed.

 

ACARYA MAMA VIJANIYAN NAVA MANYETA KARHICIT

NA MARTYA-BUDDHYASUYETA SARVA DEVA-MAYO GURUH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/347 SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM 11:17:27)

 

One should know the acarya as Myself and never disrespect him in any way. One should not envy him, thinking him an ordinary man, for he is the representative of all the demigods.

YASYA SAKSAD BHAGAVATI JNANA DIPA PRADE GURAU

MARTYA SAD DHIH SRUTAM TASYA SARVAM KUNJARA SAUCA VAT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/349 SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM 7:15:26

The spiritual master should be considered to be directly the Supreme Lord because he gives transcendental knowledge for enlightenment. Consequently, for one who maintains the material conception that the spiritual master is an ordinary human being, everything is frustrated. His enlightenment and his Vedic studies and knowledge are like the bathing of an elephant.

 

 

GURUR BHAHMA GURUR VISNU GURUR-DEVO MAHESVARAH

GURUR EVA PARAM BRAHMA TASMAT SAMPUJAYET SADA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/352 quoted from MANU SMRITI)

 

 

The spiritual master is equal to Lord Brahma. He is equal to Lord Siva. He is equal to the Supreme Brahman. Therefore, one should worship his own spiritual master very carefully at all times.

 

GURUR YASYA BHAVET TUSTAS TASYA TUSTO HARIH SVAYAM

GUROH SAMASANE NAIVA NA CAIVA UCCA ASANE VASET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/353 VAMANA KALPA, spoken by Brahma)

 

 

If the spiritual master is pleased upon someone, Lord Hari Himself is pleased with him. ONe should not sit on the spiritual master's seat or an equal or higher seat than him.

 

 

 

HARAU RUSTE GURUS TRATA GURAU RUSTE NA KASCANA

TASMAT SARVA PRAYATNENA GURUM EVA PRASADAYET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/360 quoted from the ADITYA PURANA))

 

 

If Lord Hari is displeased with someone, the spiritual master can protect him, but if the spiritual master becomes unhappy with someone, there is no shelter for him. Therefore, one should carefully endeavor to properly please ones spiritual master.

 

PRATIPADYA GURUM TASTU MOHADVI PRATI PADYATE

SA KALPA KOTIM NARAKE PACYATE PURUSA DHAMAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/365 quoted from BRAHMA VIVARTA PURANA)

 

ANy person who has once accepted a bona fide spiritual master and then, due to illusion, gives him up, that lowest of mankind then falls into hell to suffer for ten million kalpas (ten thousand yugas).

 

AVAISNAVA UPADISTENA MANTRENA NIRAYAM VAJET

PUNAS CA VIDHINA SAMYAG GRAHAYED VAISNAVAD GUROH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/366 quoted from NARADA PANCARATRA)

 

 

If someone, due to some circumstance is initiated by a non Vaishnava spiritual master, he is destined to go to hell. He should again accpet reinitiation from a Vaishnava spiritual master according to Vedic instructions.

 

(Shrila Sanatan Gosvami writes a commentary on this verse, stating) "Either he is situated properly or he is situated improperly." From this quote, it should be understood that the spiritual master is never to be rejected, but if somebody has accepted a non vaishnava spiritual master then according to scriptures, it is allowable that such a spiritual master be rejected because such a spiritual master remains selfish while delivering the mantra. A real sadhu or a saintly person (Vaishnava) is not like that. He is very merciful upon a person to whom he is delivering the sacred mantra. Vaishnava generally means a twice born person who knows the scriptures properly.

 

YE GURU AJNAM NA KURVANTI PAPISTHAH PURUSADHAMAH

NA TESAM NARAKA KLESA NISTARO MUNI SATTAMA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/367 quoted from AGASTYA SAMHITA)

 

Oh best of the sages, any person who avoids or dissobeys the orders of the spiritual master, such a sinful person, the lowest of mankind, is taken to hell for suffering, and there is no deliverance for him.

 

ADHI KSIPYA GURUM MOHAD PURUSAM PRAVADANTI YE

SUKARATVAM BHAVATY EVA TESAM JANMA SATESV API

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 4/369 quoted from AGASTYA SAMHITA)

 

 

Those people, due to ignorance, who disrespect a spiritual master, and think of him as an ordinary person, they all take their next hundred births as pigs.

 

5

 

TESAM AGAMA MARGENA SUDDHIR NA SRAUTA VARTMANA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/5 quoted from VISNU YAMALA)

 

In Kaliyuga, whatever brahmanas take birth are equal to sudras and are equally impure. According to scriptural injunctions, they are purified, but in Kaliyuga, they cannot be purified by chanting or learning Vedic mantras.

 

 

ASINAH PRAGUDAGVAR ARCCED STHIRAYANTV ATHA SAMMUKHAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/20 quoted from SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM

11:27:19)

 

One should sit on a seat in front of the Deity, facing east or north to worship Him.*

 

VANSAD AHUR DARIDRATVAM PASANE VYADHI SAMBHAVAM

DHARANYAM DUHKHA SAMBHUTIM DAURBHAGYAM DARAVASANE

TRNA ASANE YASOHANIM PALLAVE CITTA VIBHRAMAM

DARBHASANE VYADHI NASAM KAMBALAM DUHKHA MOCANAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/25,26 quoted from NARADA PANACARATRA)

 

If one sits on a bamboo seat, he invites poverty; one who sits on a seat made from stone invites disease; if one sits on a seat made from clay, he invites distress; if one sits on a seat made of wood, he invites misfortune, if one sits on a seat made from straw, his fame is destroyed; if one sits on a seat made from leaves, it causes bewilderment; A seat made from kusa grass removes diseases and a seat made out of wool removes all kinds of distress.

 

SAUVARNAM RAJATAM KANSYAM YENA DIYATE BHAJANAM

TAN SARVAN SAMPARITYAJYA TAMRANTU MAMA ROCATE

PAVITRANAM PAVITRAM YO MANGALANAM CA MANGALAM

VISUDDHANAM SUCINCAIVA TAMRAM SANSARA MOKSANAM

DIKSITANAM VISUDDHANAM MAMA KARMA PARAYANAH

SADA TAMRENA KARTAVYAM EVAM BHUMI MAMA PRIYAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/356, 36, 37 quoted from the VARAHA PURANA)

 

(The Supreme Personality of Godhead says) The utensils made out of gold, silver and bellmetal, which are used for My worship, I reject them. I only like copper pots. Among all purified metals, copper is most purified and among all auspicious utensils, the most auspicious and purified is copper and it cuts the shackles of this material world if someone uses it for Me. Oh Mother Earth, an initiated and purified person who is engaged in My worship, it is his duty to use copper pots for my worship because they are very pleasing to Me.

 

 

KECIT CA TAMRA PATRESU GAVYADER YOGA DOSATAH

TAMRA ATI RIKTAM ICCHANTI MADHU PARKASYA BHAJANAM

 

(HARI BHAKIT VILASA 5/38 quoted from the VARAHA PURANA)

 

But, gavya, etc, if put with a copper pot, is spoiled, therefore, instead of copper pots, for madhuparka, one should use other kinds of pots.

 

Sanatan Gosvami gives his commentary on this verse. He states that clarified butter mixed pancagavya (ghee, milk, yogurt, stool and urine of a cow), or pancamrta (milk, ghee, yogurt, honey, and sugarwater), if they are put together in the copper pot, they are said to be destroyed. Furthermore, the smriti sastra says. TAMRA PATRE STHITAM GAVYAM MADYA TULAYAM GHRTAM VINA, "If panacagavya or madhuparka is put into a copper pot, it turns into wine, with the exception of ghee. This is the opinion of the authorities. The Supreme Personality of Godhead in the boar incarnation directly stated DADHI SARPIR MADHU SAMAM PATRE AUDUMBARE MAMA, "One should offer Me a mixture of yogurt, ghee, honey etc. in a pot made of audumbara wood.

 

GHRTAM DADHI TATHA KSAUDRAM MADHUPARKO VIDHIYATE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/49 from VISNU DHARMA)

 

Madhuparka is a combination of ghee, honey and yogurt.

 

 

 

SAILI DARU MAYI LAUHI LEPYA LEKHYA CA SAIKATI

MANOMAYI MANIMAYI PRATIMA ASTVIDHA SMRTA

CALA ACALETI VDIVIDHA PRATISTHA JIVA MANDIRAM

UDVASA VAHANE NA STAH STHIRAYAM UDDHAVARCANE

ASTHIRAYAM VIKALPAH SYAT STHANDILE TU BHAVED DVAYAM

SNAPANAM TV AVILEPYAYAM ANYATRA PARIMARJANAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/257,258,259 quoted from SRIMAD BHAGAVATAM 11:27:12-14)

 

Stone, wood, iron or metal, mud, picture, sand, mind and jewels are the eight ingredients that Deities can be made from in this world. THerefore, there are two kinds of Deities, moveable and immoveable into which the Supreme Lord is called. Oh Uddhava, with both the moveable and immoveable forms, the Lord may be invited or sent away, but in the form of Salagram Sila, this principle in not applicable. Bathing of wooden or clay Deities is done with a wet cloth. Otherwise, all the Deities are bathed with water.

 

 

 

 

GANDAKYAS CA IVA DESE CA SALAGRAMA STHALAM MAHAT

PASANAM TAD BHAVAM YAT TAT SALAGRAMAM ITI SMRTAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/296 from GAUTAMIYA TANTRA)

 

Near the Gandaki River, there is a big place called Salagram. The stones which appear in that place are called Salagram Sila.

SNIGDHA KRSNA PANDARA VA PITA NILA TATHAIVA CA

VAKRA RUKSA CA RAKTA CA MAHA STHULA TU LANCCHITA

KAPILA DARDURA BHAGNA BAHU CAKRAIKA CAKRIKA

BRHAN MUKHI BRHAC CAKRA LAGNA CAKRATHAVA PUNAH

BADDHA CAKRA ATHAVA KACID BHAGNA CAKRA TV ADHOMUKHI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILAS 5/297, 298 quoted from SKANDA PURANA)

 

There are different kinds of Salagram Silas available such as oily ones, black ones, yellow ones, blue ones, crooked, dry ones, red ones, huge????, without any marks, brown ones, in the shape of a frog, broken, with one or many disk marks, with many faces, specific?????a grand disk mark????, with a broken disc, facing down, complete disc, half disc, etc.

 

 

KHANDITAM SPHUTITAM BHAGNAM PARSVA BHINNAM VIBHEDITAM

SALAGRAMA SAMUDBHUTAM SAILAM DOSAVAHAM NA HI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/309 from BRAHMA PURANA spoken by the Supreme Lord)

 

 

Even if the Salagram Sila is broken in half or broken a little, or having a broken back, even in such a condition, Salagram Sila is free from fault and can be worshiped.

 

 

 

KHANDITAM TRTITAM BHAGNAM SALAGRAME NA DOSABHAK

ISTA TU YASYA YA MURTIH SA TAM YATNENA PUJAYET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/310, SKANDA PURANA, spoken by Lord Siva)

 

 

Broken, deformed or slightly broken Salagram Sila can be worshipped. There is no fault in worshipping Salagram Sila in these conditions. Whatever form one appreciates, he should worship it very carefully.

 

KAMAIH KRODHAIH PRALOBHAIS CA VYAPTO YO'TRA NARADHAMAH

SO'PI YATI HARER LOKAM SALAGRAMA SILARCANAT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/370 from PADMA PURANA)

 

Those people who are the lowest of mankind and who are controlled by lust, anger and greed they can be elevated to the abode of Lord Hari by worshiping Salagram Sila.

 

 

DIKSA VIDHANA MANTRAJNAS CAKRE YO BALIM AHARET

SA YATI VASNAVAM DHAMAM SATYAM SATYAM MAYO DITAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/374 PADMA PURANA)

 

 

Anyone who has attained mantra diksa initiation properly and is worshiping Salagram Sila, whatever he offers to Salagram Sila, he achieves the abode of Lord Vishnu. Of this, there is no doubt. I personally say this.

??????????????/who says this???????????????

 

SALAGRAMA SILA CAKRAM YO DADYAD DANAM UTTAMAM

BHU CAKRAM TENA DATTAM SYAT SASAILAM VANAKANANAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/382 PADMA PURANA

 

Giving charity of Salagram Sila is the best of all charities. Any person who has given this charity has achieved the result of performing all auspicious activities and he has given charity of the whole earthly planet, decorated with forest, jungles, and mountains.

 

 

DRSTVA PRANAMITA YENA SNAPITA PUJITA TATHA

YAJNA KOTI SAMAM PUNYAM GAVAM KOTI PHALAM BHAVET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/384 from SKANDA PURANA)

 

Lord Siva spoke to Skanda, his son, saying that any person who has seen Salagram Sila, payed obeisances to Him, bathed and worshipped Him, has achieved the results of performing ten million sacrifices and giving ten million cows in charity.

PUJITO'HAM NA TAIR MARTYAIR NAMITO'HAM NA TAIR NARAH

NAKRTAM MARTYA LOKE YAIH SALAGRAM SILARCANAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/396 SKANDA PURANA)

 

 

(Lord Siva speaks to his son, Skanda) In this mortal world, if anyone does not worship Salagram Sila, I do not at all accept any of their worship and obeisances.

YO DADATI PHALAM VISNOH SALAGRAMA SAMUDBHAVAM

VIPRAYA VISNU BHAKTAYA TENA ISTAM BAHUBHIR MAKHAIH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/407 SKANDA PURANA)

 

ANy person who has donated a Salagram Sila to the devotee of Lord Vishnu (Vaishnava) or to a qualified pure brahmana, he has achieved the results of performing unlimited sacrifices and austerities.

SA DHANYAH PURUSO LOKE SAPHALAM TASYA JIVITAM

SALAGRAMA SILA SUDDHA GRHE YASYA CA PUJITA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/409 quoted from SKANDA PURANA)

 

In any house, if a person worships Salagram Sila properly, those persons are glorified and their existence is successful in this world.

 

SALAGRAMA SILARUPI YATRA TISTHATI KESAVAH NAVADHANTE'SURAS TATRA BHUTA VETALAK ADAYAH

SALAGRAM SILA YATRA TAT TIRTHAM TAT TAPOVANAM YATAH SANNIHITAS TATRA BHAGAVAN MADHUSUDANAH

 

HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/427, 428 quoted from the BRHAN NARADIYA PURANA)

 

In any place, if Lord Kesava is situated there in the form of Salagram Sila, there, neither demons, nor ghosts, nor devils, can create any obstacles to that person or place. Any place where Salagram Sila is situated can be turned into a place of pilgrimage and a place for performing austerities because the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Madhusudhana (killer of the Madhu demon, personally resides there.)

 

 

SALAGRAMA SILAYAM YO MULYAM UDGHATAYET NARAH

VIKRETA CA ANUMANTA CA YAH PARIKSAM UDIRAYET

SARVE TE NARAKAM YANTI YAVAD AHUTA SAMPLAVAM

ATAH SAMVARJAYED VIPRA CAKRASYA KRAYA VIKRAYAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/436, 437 from SKANDA PURANA

spoken by Lord Siva to his son Skanda)

Oh brahmana, under no circumstances should anyone ever buy or sell Salagram Sila. One should not even suggest a price to be payed for Salagram Sila. No one should find faults in Him or explain some mistakes in Him. All of these persons must go to the hellish planets and live there until the complete annhilation.

 

 

SALAGRAMA SILAYANTU PRATISTHA NAIVA VIDYATE

MAHA PUJANTU KRTVADAU PUJAYET TAM TATO BUDHAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA, 5/438; quoted from SKANDA PURANA)

 

 

There is no installation process for Salagram Sila. The learned and purified souls have recommended a grand worship of Him and then regular worship thereafter.

 

 

SALAGRAMA SILAYANTU SAKSAT SRI KRSNA SEVANAM

NITYAM SANNIHITAS TATRA VASUDEVO JAGAD GURUH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/444 PADMA PURANA))

 

The worship of Salagram Sila is the worship of Lord Hari directly. Jagat Guru, the spiritual master of the universe, Lord Vasudeva, eternally resides within Salagram Sila.

 

STRIYO VA YADI VA SUDRA BRAHMANAH KSTRIYADAYAH

PUJAYITVA SILA CAKRA LABHANTE SASVATAM PADAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 5/452 SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Brahma and Narada Muni)

 

Worship of Salagram Sila can be done by women, sudras (low caste) brahmanas (twice born), ksatriyas (administators), etc. and they can all achieve the eternal abode of Lord Krishna perfectly.

 

6-missing

 

7

 

PASPAIR ARANYA SAMBHUTAIS TATHA NAGARA SAMBHAVAIH

APARYYUSITA-NISCHIDRAIH PROKSITAIR JANTU VARJITAIH

ATMA RAMA UDBHAIR VA PI PUTAIH SAMPUJAYED HARIM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/3 NRSINGHA PURANA)

 

 

Whether flowers are grown in the forest, in the city or within ones own house, whether they are picked from the tree, if they are fresh, not broken into pieces, and are washed and free from all kinds of germs and worms, such pure flowers should be used to worship the Supreme Lord Hari.

 

TANYEVA SUPRASASTANI KUSUMANI MAHASURA

YANI SYUR VARNA YUKTANI RASA GANDHA YUTANI CA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/4 VAMANA PURANA conversation between Bali Maharaja and Prahlada)

 

Oh king of the demons (Prahlada Maharaja), to worship the Supreme Lord, one should use good quality, juicy and naturally fragrant (gum myrrh) flowers.

MALATI TULASI PADMAMAM KETAKI MANI PUSPAKAM

KADAMBA KUSUMAM LAKSMIH KAUSTUBHAM KESAVA PRIYAM

KANTAKINY API DEYANI SUKLANI SURABHINI CA

TATHA RAKTANI DEYANI JALAJANI DVIJOTTAMA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/21, 22 SKANDA PURANA)

Malati (white jasmin), Tulasi, lotus, Ketaki (woodapple),manipuspa, and kadamba flowers are very dear to Lord Shri Kesava, as dear a Laksmidevi and Kaustuba gem are dear to Him.

 

YAIH KAISCID IHA PUSPAIS CA JALAJAIH STHALAJAIR API

SAMPUJYA KATHITAIR BHAKTYA VISNU LOKE MAHIYATE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/54 SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and his wife, Uma)

Whether flowers are grown in the water (lilies or lotus flowers) or grown on the land (jasmin, roses,etc) if these fragrant flowers are used in the service of Lord Shri Hari, the person offering them will be able attain the abode of Lord Hari and live there with full respect.

 

RTUKALA UDBHAVAIH PUSPAIR YO'RCAYED RUKMINI PATIM

SARVAN KAMAN AVAPANOTI YAN DIVYAN YANSCA MANUSAN

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/55 VISNU RAHASYA; conversation between Markandeya and Indradyumna)

 

Any person, if he worships the dear Lord of Rukminidevi with flowers, according to the season, all of his desires will be fulfilled in this world and in the next (the spiritual world).

 

 

VARNANANTU YATHA VIPRAS TIRTHANAM JANHAVI YATHA

SURANANTU YATHA VISNU PUSPANAM MALATI TATHA

MALATYAHI TATHA DEVAM YO'RCCAYED GARUDADHVAJAM

JANMA DUHKHA JARA ROGAIR MUKTO'SAU MUKTIM APNUYAT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/77, 78 SKANDA PURANA; conversation between Lord Brahma and Narada)

 

As brahmanas are considered to be topmost in the social order, and among places of pigrimage, the Ganges is said to be the topmost, among the demigods, Lord Vishnu is the topmost, similarly, among flowers, malati (white jasmine) is the best. Any person who worships Lord Shri Hari, the rider of Garuda, becomes liberated from the repetition of birth and death.

 

PUSPANAIKENA MALATYAH PRITIR YA KESAVASYA HI

NA SA KRTU SAHASRENA BHAVATE NARADO'BRAVIT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/82 GARUDA PURANA)

 

Narada Muni said, The Supreme Lord becomes so happy by being offered just one malati (white jasmine) flower, that He does not even become as happy by the performance of one thousand sacrifices.

 

 

VISNOR ANGAT PARIBHRASTAM MALATI KUSUMAM KHAGA

YO DHARAYET CA SIRASI SARVA DHARMA PHALAM LABHET

ADATVA KESAVE YASTU SVA MURDHNA MALATIM VAHET

SANARAH KHAGA SARDULA SARVA DHARMA CYUTO BHAVET

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/88, 89 GARUDA PURANA

 

Oh best of the birds, any person who takes malati flowers (white jasmine) which have been offered to Lord Hari and places them on his head or other parts of the body, he attains the results of performing all kinds of meritorious activities. If any person takes a malati flower, and without offering it to Lord Kesava, wears it on his own head, he becomes implicated with sins and fallen from all meritorious activities.

 

MALATI MALAYA VISNUH PUJITO YENA KARTIKE PAPAKSARA KRTAM MALAM HATHAT SAURIH PRAMARJJATI

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/92; SKANDA PURANA; conversation between Lord Brahma and Narada Muni)

 

In the month of Kartika (October-November), any person, if he worships Lord Vishnu with Malati (white Jasmine) flowers, whatever sinful activities are registered for him by Yamaraja, death personified, are removed.

 

 

 

KAMALAIH KAMALAKANTAH PUJITAH KARTIKE TU YAIH

KAMALA ANUGA TESAM JANMANTARA SATESU API

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/102 PADMA PURANA; UTTARA KHANDA)

 

Any person who offers lotus flowers to Lord Narayana, the dearest personality of Laksmidevi in the month of Kartika, Laksmidevi resides with him for hundreds of births.

 

KADAMBA KUSUMAIR HRDYAIR'RCAYANTI JANARDANAM

TESAM YAMALAYO NAIVA NA JAYANTE KUYONISU

NA TATHA KETAKI PUSPAIR MALATI KUSUMAIR NA HI

TOSAM AYATI DEVESAH KADAMBA KUSUMAIR YATHA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/111, 112 SKANDA PURANA; conversation between Lord Brahma and Narada Muni)

 

Any person, if he worships Lord Janardana, does not go to suffer in the place of Yamaraja (hell) and does not fall into the lower species in the next life. The Supreme Lord becomes so happy by seeing Kadamabha flowers that He does not even feel satisfied being worshipped with the Ketaki (wood apple) flowers or Malati (white jasmine).

 

 

KARNIKARA MAYAIH PUSPAIH KANTAIH KANAKA SUPRABHAIH

ARCAYITVA ACYUTAM LOKE TASYA LOKE MAHIYATE

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/151; VISNU PURANA)

 

If someone worships the Supreme infallible Lord Hari with the beautiful fresh yellow Karnikara flowers, he remains with full respect in His eternal abode.

 

 

Type the verse and translation for SB 10/21/5 VARHA PIDAM NATAVARA VAPUH KARNAYO KARNIKARAM....

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VARSA KALE TU DEVESAM KUSUMAIS CAMPAKA UDBHAVAIH

YO'RCAYANTI NARA BHAKTYA SAMSARE NA PUNARCATIH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/157 SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Brahma and Narada Muni)

 

Any person who worships the Supreme Lord in the rainy season with the Campaka flower (a fragrant, white or greenish flower), he does not take another birth in this material world with a material body.

 

 

PUSPA JATISU SARVASU SAUVARNAM PUSPAM UTTAMAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/194 SKANDA PURANA conversation between Lord Siva and Uma (his wife)

 

Among all kinds of fragrant flowers, the best flower is considered to be yellow colored flowers which are the Lord's favorite.

 

 

NA SUSKAIH PUJAYED VISNUM KUSUMAIR NA MAHIGATAIH

NA AVISIRNA DALAIH KLISTAIR NA CAIVA ASU-VIKASITAIH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/205 from VISNU RAHASYA)

A whitish fragrant flower, if it falls on the ground (touches the ground), one should not worship Lord Shri Vishnu with it. Any flower, whose petals are not in good condition or it has been made to blossom, such flowers should not be used to worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

 

NA SIRNA DALAIH SLISTAIR NA ASUBHAIR NAVIKASIBHIH

PUTI GANDHA UGRA GANDHINI AMLA GANDHANI VARJAYET

KITA KOSA VIPADDHANI SIRNA PARYUSITANI CA

BHAGNA PATRAN CA NA GRAHYAM KRMI DUSTAM NA CA AHARET

 

HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/210, 211 SKANDA PURANA; conversation between Brahma and Narada

 

 

Any flowers whose petals have become rotten and decayed and whose petals are sticking together, the flowers which are impure or unblossomed, one should not use them for worshiping the Lord. Those flowers in which the fragrance has been created from an external source, which are foul smelling, pungent smelling, sour smelling, one should not offer these flowers. Any flowers which have worms inside are considered contaminated and such rotten flowers, with broken petals, should not be picked.

 

 

NA PARYUSITA DOSOSTI JALAJA UTPALA CAMPAKAIH

TULASY AGASTYA VAKULE VILVE GANGA JALE TATHA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/213 JNANA MALA)

 

The lotus flower, born in the water, Campaka (yellow fragrant flower), Tulasi, Agastya flower, and Bakula flowers, Bilvapaka and Ganges water, these do not become contaminated (stale) even if they are kept for a long time.

 

 

 

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/214 VISNU DHARMOTTARA)

 

NA GRHE KARAVIRASTHAIH KUSUMAIR ARCAYED HARIM

PATITAIR KUSUMAIR AMLANAIH SVASAIRVA JANTU DUSITAIH

AGHATAIR ANGA SANSPRSTAIR DUSITAIS CAIVA NA ARCAYET

 

One should not worship Lord Hari with either a flower from the Karavira tree, whether it is grown in the house or outside. Flowers which have fallen on the ground, unblossomed flowers, bent flowers, foul smelling flowers, flowers with insects inside, flowers which are damaged, flowers which are destroyed with the hands or other parts of the body should not be used in the worship of the Lord.

 

KUSUMAN AMALABHE TU CAURYADANAM NA DUSYATI

DEVATARTHANTU KUSUMAM ASTEYAM MANUR ABRAVIT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/224)

 

(If, due to unavailability, if the flowers are stolen, there are no faults in it.)

Manu Maharaja says: "If the flowers are stolen to worship the Supreme Lord, that is not considered to be theft.

 

 

PUSPE SAKA UDAKE KASTHE TATHA MULE PHALETRNE

ADATTA ADANAM ASTEYAM MUNUH PRAHA PRAJAPATIH

GRHITAVYANI PUSPANI DEVARCANA VIDHAU DVIJAH

NAIKASMAD EVA NIYATAM ANANUJNAPYA KEVALAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/225, 226; KURMA PURANA)

Prajapati Manu says that, If somebody does not donate or give, then if flowers, vegetable leaves, water, wood, roots, fruits, and straw is stolen, then it is not called theft. Oh brahmanas, if somebody takes all these things without being given them by the owner of a garden, then it should not be made a habit to take every time from one place and person.

 

 

HASTE YAD VIDHRTAM PRANAMA SAMAYE YAD VAMA HASTE KRTAM

YACCANTAR JALADHAU TAMA ARCANA VIDHAU PUSPANCA TAD VARJAYET

BHANKTVA YAD VITAPADIKAM KSITIRUHAM CA UTPATYA YACCAHRTAM

YACCAKRAMYA SAMAHRTAM TAD AKHILAM PUSPAM BHAVATY ASURAM

CAURYA AKRSTAM ANUKTI DUSTAM ASUCHI SPRASTAM YAD APROKSITAM

YAC CA AGHRATAM ADHO'MBARE VINIHITAM KRITAM CA TAD VARJAYET

 

 

(HARI BHAKTI VIALASA 7/229, 230;quoted from the KURMA PURANA)

 

 

If someone pays obeisances while having flowers in the hands, that flower cannot be used to worship the Deities. If the flowers are picked with the left hand or flowers are washed by dipping them in the water, these flowers should be rejected in the Deity worship. If the flowers are picked after breaking the branch of the tree or uprooting the tree, or climbing upon the tree, they can only be used to worshsip the demons, not for the demigods or the Supreme Lord. The flowers which are stolen continuously from one place or the flowers which are taken without permission of the owner or flowers which are touched by untouchables (ladies during their menstruation period, etc.), flowers unsprinkled with water, externally scented flowers, flowers which are put inside the cloth which is used on the lower parts of the body and flowers which are bought from a dirty place should be rejected in the worship of the Deities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.)

 

 

 

 

PUSPA ABHAVE HI DEYANI PATRANY API JANARDANE

PATRA ABHAVE PAYO DEYAM TENA PUNYAM AVAPNUYAT

 

(HARI BHAKTI VIASA 7/233 VISNU DHARMOTTARA)

 

 

If there is a shortage of flowers to worship the Supreme Lord, leaves of the tree can be used. If leaves are not even available, water should be offered, because, by doing so, one remains meritorious.

 

PATRANI SA SUGANDHINI PALLAVANI MRDUNI CA

TENA PUNYAM AVAPNOTI PUSPA DANA SUMUDBHAVAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/236 VISNU DHARMOTTARA 3RD CANTO)

 

 

The leaves which are used to worship Lord Shri Hari should be fragrant and very soft. If one uses these leaves, he gets the merit of offering flowers to the Lord.

 

YAD GRHE NASTI TULASI SALAGRAMA SILARCANE

SMASANA SADRSAM VIDYAT TAD GRHAM SUBHA VARJITAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/261 BRHAN NARADIYA PURANA)

 

 

If someone does not have a Tulasi plant in his house to worship Shri Salagram Sila, his house is considered to be like a crematorium and is rewarding inauspiciousness.

Therefore, it is said:

 

TULASIM VINA NA KRIYATE NA PUJA

SNANAM NA YAD TAT TULASIM VINA KRTAM

BHUKTAM NA TADYAT TULASIM VINA KRTAM

PITAM NA TADYAT TULASIM VINA KRTAM

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/262 from the Brhan Naradiya Purana)

 

 

Worship of the Supreme Lord without Tulasi is not considered to be worship. Bathing of the Supreme Lord without Tulasi is not considered to be bathing. Offering food to the Supreme Lord without Tulasi, is not said to be giving Him food, and giving the Lord water with Tulasi is not considered to be offering Him water.

TULASI RAHITAM PUJAM NA GRHNATI SADA HARIH

KASTHAM VA SPARSAYED TATRA NO CETTANNAMATO YAJNET

TULASI DALAM ADAYA YO'NYAM DEVAM PRAPUJAYET

BHAHMA HA SA HI GOGHNAS CA SA EVA GURU TALPAGAH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/263, 264 VAYU PURANA)

 

The Supreme Lord Hari does not accept worship of anyone without Tulasi. Therefore, if Tulasi leaves are not available then one can use Tulasi wood to touch the Supreme Lord's body. If even Tulasi wood is not available, one should chant the name of Tulasi while worshipping Lord Shri Hari. If somebody worships other demigods with Tulasi, they get the sin of killing a brahmana, a cow and enjoying the wife of his own spiritual master. Therefore it is said...,

 

TULASI DALA SAM MISRAM HARER YACCHED CA TAT SADA

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/265 GARUDA PURANA in the matter of making an offering of food to the Lord)

 

 

Therefore, one should always offer food to the Supreme Lord with Tulasi leaves.

KRSNA VAYP ATHAVA 'KRSNA TULASI KRSNA VALHABHA

SITA VAYP ATHAVA KRSNA DVADASI BALLABHA HAREH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VIASA 7/271 VISNU RAHASYA)

 

Whether it be blackish or greenish, all Tulasis are dear to the Supreme Lord Vishnu. Both dvadasi tithis, whether on the dark fortnight or the light fortnight are equally dear to Lord Hari.

 

SARVASAM PATRA JATINAM TULASI KESAVA PRIYA

 

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/274 PADMA PURANA, conversation between Yamaraja and a brahmana)

 

 

Among all kinds of leaves. Tulasi leaves are very dear to Lord Kesava.

YOGINAM VIRATAU VANCHA KAMINANCA YATHA RATAU

PUSPESU API CA SARVESU TULASYANCA TATHA HAREH

NIRASYA MALATI PUSPAM MUKTVA PUSPAM SARORUHAM

GRHANATI TULASIM SUSKAM API PARYYASITAM HARIH

 

(HARI BHAKTI VILASA 7/280, 281 SKANDA PURANA conversation between Markandeya and Indradyumn