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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Rupa Goswami > Krishna Janma Tithi Vidhih

Shri Shri Krishna Janma Tithi Vidhih

 

 

On the day before Janmastami (ie the saptami) one should build

the snana vedi (altar on which the deity will be bathed) in

the courtyard, to the accompaniment of devotional songs and

instrumental music.

 

One should then have some holes dug at the four corners of the

mandapa area and place in the holes banana trunks. The area

should be surrounded seven times with red string and covered

with a newly painted canopy.

 

Inthe four directions one should then plant poles with flags

on them and place there all sorts of auspicious items, such as

durba, kusa, lamps, nima fruit, mustard seeds and a svastika

(made of raw rice mixed with kumkum). Over the doors strings

of leaves should be hung.

 

(According to Hayasirsa Pancaratra the flags in the eight

irections should be colored as follows:

 

east:red

south east:fiery

south:black

south west:white

west:yellow

north west:coppery red

north:white

north east:multicolored

 

In the early morning of the astami, groups of devotees, to the

accompaniment of singing, dancing and instumental music,

should complete the decoration of the vedi with lamps,

auspicious pots etc.

 

One should perform all the purvanga karmas such as suchi,

nyasa, etc for the purification of the body, mind, place and

materials.

(see puja manual)

 

Having completed the construction and decoration of the

mandapa (pavilion) and the vedi (altar), and having purified

the place acording to the rules of puja, one should then bring

the Lord onto the vedi while waving camaras and sheltering him

with an umbrella.

 

Svasti Vacana (Invocation of Auspiciousness):

 

One should recite:

 

†††† punantu ma devajanah punantu manasa diyah

†††† punantu visva bhutani jatavedah punihi mam

 

One brahmana should say:

p-p-p-

†††† asya karmana punyaham bhavanto bruvantu

Three (or the rest) brahmanas should throw rice from their

right hands saying:

 

†††† om punyaham om punyaham om punyaham

 

†††† udgateva sakune sama gayasi

††††††††† brahma putra iva savanesu samsasi

†††† vrseva vaji sisu matir apitya

††††††††† sarvato nah sakune bhadrama vada

†††† visvato nah sakune punyama vada

 

A brahmana should say:

 

†††† asya karmana svasti bhavanto bruvantu ayusmate svasti

 

Three (or the rest) brahmanas should throw rice from their

right hands saying:

 

†††† om svasti om svasti om svasti

 

†††† svasti na indro vrddha sravah

††††††††† svasti nah pusa visva vedah

†††† svasti nah tarksyo aristanemih

††††††††† svasti no brhaspatir dadhatu

 

A brahmana should say:

 

†††† asya karmano rddhim bhavanto bruvantu

Three (or the rest) brahmanas should throw rice from their

right hands saying:

 

†††† om rdhyatam om rdhyatam om rdhyatam

 

†††† rdhyama stomam sanuyama vaja

††††††††† ma no mantra sarathehopa yatan

†††† yaso na pakkam madhu gosvanta

††††††††† ra bhutamso asvinoh kamam aprah

 

Dig Bandhana (Binding the Directions):

 

One should then perform dig bandhana, or protecting oneself in

all ten directions by throwing white mustard seeds in the

directions starting from the east, going clockwise, while

saying:

 

(east) pracyai dise svaha

(southeast) arvacyai dise svaha

(south) daksinayai dise svaha

(southwest) arvacyai dise svaha

(west) praticyai dise svaha

(northwest) arvacyai dise svaha

(north) udicyai dise svaha

(northeast) arvacyai dise svaha

(upwards) urdhvayai dise svaha

(downwards) arvacyai dise svaha

p-p-p-

†††† disah pradisa adiso vidisa uddiso digbhyah svaha

††††† apasarpantu te bhuta ye bhuta bhuvi samsthitah

†††† ye bhuta vighnakartaras te nasyantu sivajnaya

 

Ghata Sthapana (Establishing the pot):

 

One should then perform ghat stapana, establishing the pot

beside the central vedi.

 

Touching the earth one should say:

 

††† bhur asi bhmir asy aditir asi

††† visvadhaya visvasya bhuvanasya dhatri

††† prthivim yaccha prthivim drmha prthivim ma himsih

 

Touching rice paddy one should say:

 

†††† dhanyam asi dhinuhi devan

†††† pranaya tvodanaya tva vyanaya tva

†††† dirghamanu prasitim ayuse dham

††††††††† devo vah savita hiranyapanih

†††† pratigrbhnatv acchidrena panina

††††††††† caksuse tva mahinam payo'si

 

Placing the pot on the rice paddy one should say:

 

†††† ajighra kalasam mahya tva visantv indavah

†††† punarurja nivartasva sa nah sahasram dhuksvorudhara

†††† payasvati punarmavi satadrayih

 

Pouring water into the pot one should say:

 

†††† varunasyottanbhanam asi

†††† varunasya skambhasarjani stho

†††† varunasya rta sadany asi

†††† varunasya rta sadanam asi

†††† varunasya rta sadanam asida

 

One should place five leaves on the pot saying:

 

†††† asvathe vo nisadanam parne vo vasatih krta

†††† gobhaja it kilasatha yat sanavatha purusam

 

One should place a coconut or banana on top saying:

 

†††† yah phalinir ya aphala apuspa yas ca puspinih

†††† brhaspatiprasutas ta no muncantv amhasah

 

One should place flowers on the pot saying:

 

†††† shris ca te laksmis ca patnyavahoratre

††††† parsve naksatrani rupam asvinau vyattam

†††† isnann isanamum ma isana sarvalokam ma isana

 

One should worship Ganesa in the pot saying:

 

†††† gananam tva ganapati'gum havamahe

†††† priyanam tva priyapati'gum havamahe‘

p-p-p-

†††† nidhinam tva nidhipati'gum havamahe vaso mama††††

ahamajani garbhadhama tvam ajasi garbhadham

 

Sankalpa (Ceremonial Vow):

 

One should then perform sankalpa:

 

om visnu

om tat sad

asya bhadre masi

krsne pakse

astamyam tithau

acyuta gotrah

...... dasa (name of person)shri krishna priti kamah

shri krishnasya janma mahotsave

mahapuja purvaka mahabhisekam aham karisye

 

One should pray:

 

†††† avatara sahasrani karosi madhusudana

†††† na te sankyavataranam kascij janati vai bhuvi

 

†††† deva brahmadayo vapi svarupam na vidus tava

†††† atas tvam pujayisyami matur utsanga samsthitam

 

†††† vanchitam kuru devesa duskrtam caiva nasaya

†††† kurusva me dayam deva samsararti bhayapaha

 

Upacara Dana (offering the articles of puja):

 

One should offer each article saying the appropriate mantras:

 

Asana (seat):

 

†††† purusam evedam sarvam yad bhutam yac ca bhavyam

†††† utamrtat vaseysano tad annenatirohati

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam asanam + mula mantra

 

Svagatam (welcome):

 

One should welcome the Lord:

 

†††† tasya te paramesana svagatam svagatam bhavet

†††† krtartho'nugrhito'smi sakalam jivitum tu me

††††† yad agato'si devesa cidananda mayavyaya

 

†††† svagatam su svagatam shri krishna + mula mantra

 

Padyam (footwash):

 

One should offer water mixed with millet, durba, and

visnukranta herb.

 

†††† etavan asya mahima ato jyayams ca purusah‘

p-p-p-

†††† pado'sya visva bhutani tripadasyamrtam divi

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† etat padyam + mula mantra

 

Arghyam (offering of auspicious articles):

 

One should offer water mixed with sesame, mustard seeds,

flowers, sandalwood paste, barley and kusa tips over the Lords

head, (or hands) saying:

 

†††† tripad urddhva udait purusah pado'syeha bhavat punah

†††† tato visvan vyakramata sasananasane abhi

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam arghyam + mula mantra

 

Acamaniyam (mouthwash):

 

One should offer water, with nutmeg, cloves and kakkola to the

Lord's mouth, (three times) saying:

 

†††† tato virad ajayata virajo adhi purusa

†††† sa jato atyaricyata pascad bhumim atho purah

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam punar acamaniyam + mula mantra

 

Madhuparka (edible offering):

 

One should offer ghee, yoghurt and honey in proportions of

1:3:1 for the Lord to eat, saying:

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† esa madhuparka + mula mantra

 

Punar Acamaniyam (mouthwash):

 

One should offer acamana again to Lord's mouth, saying:

 

†††† tato virad ajayata virajo adhi purusa

†††† sa jato atyaricyata pascad bhumim atho purah

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam punar acamaniyam + mula mantra

 

One should make a stiff dough from flour, sugar and water and

fashion into receptacles for holding wicks and ghee (pista

dipa).‘

p-p-p-

One should wave the lamps before the Lord saying:

†††† om hiranya garbhah samvartatagre

†††††††† bhutasya jatah patir eka asit

†††† sa dadhara prthivim dyam utemam

†††††††† kasmi devaya havisa vidhema

 

†††† ya atmad abalada yasa mrtyuh

†††††††† upkasate prasisam yasya devah

†††† yasya chayamrtam yasya mrtyuh

†††††††† kasmai devaya havisa vidhema

 

†††† ya pranito nimisato mahitvai

††††††††† kaidraja jagato babhuva

†††† ya ise asya dvipada catuspadah

††††††††† kasmai devaya havisa vidhema]

 

†††† yasyema himavanto mahitva

††††††††† yasya samudra rsaya sanahuh

†††† yasyemah pradiso yasya bahu

†††††††† kasmai devaya havisa vidhema

 

†††† yena dyaur ugra prithivi ca driha

††††††††† yena svah stabhitamyena nakah

†††† yo antarikse rajaso vimanah

††††††††† kasmai devaya havisa vidhema

 

†††† yam krandasi avasa tastabhane

††††††††† abhyaiksetam manasa rejamane

†††† yatra dhi sura udito vibhati

††††††††† kasmai devaya havisa vidhema

 

†††† apo ha tad brhatir visvamayan

††††††††† garbham dadhana janayantir agnim

†††† tato devanam samavartatasurekah

††††††††† kasmai devaya havisa vidhema

 

†††† yascid apo mahina paryapasyad

†††††††† daksom dadhana janayanti yajnam

†††† yo devesvadhi deva eka asit

†††††††† kasmai devaya havisa vidhema

 

†††† ma no himsij janita ya prthivya

††††††††† yo va divam satyadharma jajana

†††† yas capas candra brhatir jajana

†††††††† kasmai devaya havisa vidhema

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† esa dipah + mula mantra

 

One should rub sesame powder on the Lord's body saying:

 

†††† murdhanam divo aratim prthivya

††††††† ††vaisvanaramrta a jatam agnim

†††† kavim samrajam atithim jananam

††††††††† asanna patra janayanta devah

††††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye‘

p-p-p-

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam tila udvartanam + mula mantra

 

Snana (bath):

 

One should bathe the Lord in water mixed with sesame seed

paste, saying:

 

†††† tilo'si soma devatyo

††††††††† gosavo eva nirmitah

†††† prayatnam adbhih prktah sudhaya

††††††††† pustva pitrn lokan prnahi nah svaha

 

One should change the Lord's cloth and bathe him again in pure

water, saying:

 

†††† varunasyottanbhanam asi

†††† varunasya skambhasarjani stho

†††† varunasya rta sadany asi

†††† varunasya rta sadanam asi

†††† varunasya rta sadanam asida

 

†††† tat tva yami brahmana vandamanas

††††††††† tada saste yajamano havirbhih

†††† ahedamano varuneh bodhyu

††††††††† rusamsa ma na ayuh pra moshih

 

†††† varunah pravita bhuvan

†††† mitro visvabhir utibhih

†††† karatam nah suradhasah

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam snaniyam + mula mantra

 

Panca Gavya Snana:

 

††††† Cow urine:

 

†††† Om bhur bhuvah svah

†††† tat savitur varenyam

†††† bhargo devasya dhimahi

†††† dhiyo yo nah pracodayat

 

†††† Cow dung:

 

†††† gandha dvaram duradharsam nitya pustam karisinim

†††† isvarim sarva bhutanam tvam ihopa hvaye shriyam

 

†††† Milk:

 

†††† apyayasva sametu te visvatah soma vrsnyam

†††† bhava vajasya samgathe

 

†††† Yoghurt:††††† dadhi kravno akarisam jisnor asvasya

varjinah‘

p-p-p-

†††† surabhi no mukha karat pranayu'gum si tarisat

 

†††† Ghee:

 

†††† tejo'si sukram asi amrta asi dhamanam asi

†††† priyam devanam anadhrstam deva yajanam asi

 

†††† Kusa water:

 

†††† devasya tva savituh prasave

†††† 'svino bahubhyam psrno hastabhyam

†††† sarasvatyai vaco yantur yantirye dadhami

†††† brhaspates tva samrajyenabhisincmi

†††† anaye justam grhnami

†††† agni somabyam justam grhnami

 

Pancamrta Snana:

 

†††† Milk:

 

†††† payah prthivyam paya osadisu

†††† payo divy antarikse payo dhah

†††† payasvatih pradisah santu mahyam

 

†††† Yoghurt:

 

†††† dadhi kravno akraisam jisnor asvasya vajinah

†††† surabhi no mukha karat pra na ayumsi tarisat

 

†††† Ghee:

 

†††† ghrtam ghrtapavanah pibata

†††† vasam vasapavanah pibata

†††† antariksasya havir asi svaha

 

†††† disah pradisa adiso vidisa uddhiso digbhyah svaha

 

††††† Honey:

 

†††† madhu vata rtayate madhu ksaranti sindhavah

†††† madhvir nah santvosadhih

†††† madhu naktam utosaso mahdumat parthivam rajah

†††† madhu dyaur astu nah pita

†††† madhuman no vanaspati madhuma stu suryah

†††† madhvir gavo bhavantu nah

††††

†††† Sugar:

 

†††† apam rasam udvaya samsurye santam samahitam

†††† apam rasasya yo rasa tam vo grhnamy uttamam

†††† upayama grhito' sindraya tva justam

†††† grhnamy esa te yonir indraya tva justatamam

 

Usnodaka Snana (warm water bath):

 

One should bathe the Lord in warm water, saying:

††††† sapta te agne samidhah sapta jihvah sapta rsayah

†††† sapta dhama priyani‘

p-p-p-

†††† sapta hotrah saptadha tva yajanti sapta yonir

†††† aprnasva grtena svaha

 

Sarvausadhi Snana (herbal bath):

 

One should bathe the Lord in water with mura, mamsi, vaca,

kustham, saila, tumeric, daru haridra, sati, campaka and

musta, saying:

 

†††† ya osadhih purva jata devbhyas triyugam pura

†††† manainu babhrunam aham satam dhamani sapta ca

 

Mahausadhi Snana (second herbal bath):

 

One should bathe the Lord in water mixed with sahadevi, vaca,

vyaghri, bala, atibala, akhapuspa, simhi and suryavarta,

saying:

 

†††† ya osadhi somarajni vahvih sata vicaksanah

†††† ta mahyam asinnasane'cchidrah sarma yachata

 

Mangala Snana (auspicious bath):

 

One should bathe the Lord in water mixed with auspicious

elements.

 

†††† sumangalir iyam vadhur imam sameta pasyata

†††† saubhagyam asyai dattvaya'thas tam vi paretana

 

Bija-astaka Snana (eight-seed bath):

 

One should bathe the Lord in water mixed with eight seeds,

barley, wheat, wild rice, sesame, millet, rice paddy, panic

seed, and rice which grows in sixty days, saying:

 

†† †††?

 

Gandhodaka Snana (scented bath water):

 

One should bathe the Lord in water mixed with scents such as

musk and aguru, over which has been chanted the savitri

gayatri.

 

Gandha (sandalwood):

 

One should smear the Lord's body with sandalwood pulp, saying:

 

†††† drupadad iva mumucanah svinnah santomalad iva

†††† putam pavirenavajyam apah suddhantu mainasah

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† esa gandhah + mula mantra

 

Candanodaka Snana (Sandalwood water):

 

One should bathe the Lord in water mixed with sandalwood‘

p-p-p-

paste, saying:

 

†††† samudram gaccha svaha antariksa gaccha svaha

†††† devam savitaram gaccha svaha mitra varunau gaccha svaha

††† ahoratre gaccha svaha chandamsi gaccha svaha

†††† deva savitaram gaccha svaha yajnam gaccha svaha

†††† somam gaccha svaha divyam nabho gaccha svaha

†††† agnim vaisvanaram gaccha svaha

†††† mano me hardi yaccha divam te dhumo gacchatu

†††† svar jyotih prthivim bhasmanaprna svaha

 

Sahasra Dhara Snana (shower):

 

One should bathe the Lord with pure water showered from the

sahasra dhara (pot with holes in the bottom), saying:

 

†††† tam savitur varenyaysacitram

††††††††† aham vrne sumatim visvajanyam

†††† yamasya kanvo aduhat prapinam

††††††††† sahasradharam payasa mahim gam

 

One should bathe the Lord with maha osadhi from the sahasra

dhara, saying:

 

†††† ya osadhih purva jata devabhyas triyuga pura

†††† manai mu babhrunam aham satam dahmani sapta ca

 

One should bathe the Lord with gandhah water from the sahasra

dhara, saying:

 

†††† gandhah dvaram duradharsam nityapustam karisinam

†††† isvarim sarva bhutanam tvam ihopa hvaye shriyam

 

One should bath the Lord with astaka bija water from the

sahasra dhara, saying:

 

†††† a brahman brahmano brahmavarcasi

†††† jayatama rastre rajanyah sura

†††† isvyo'tivyadhi mahratho jayatam

†††† dogdhri dhenur bodhanadvanasuh

†††† saptih purandhir yosa jisnu rathesthah

†††† sabheyoyuvasya yajamansya viro jayatam

†††† nikame nikame nah parjanyo varsatu

†††† phalavatyo na osadhyah pacyantam

†††† yogaksemo nah kalpatam

 

One should bathe the Lord in water mixed with flowers from the

sahasra dhara, saying:

 

†††† osadhdaya prati grbhnita puspavaith supippalah

†††† ayam vo garbha rtviyah pratnam sadhastham asadat

 

One should bath the Lord in fruit water from the sahasra

dhara, saying the same mantra as for the flower flower:

 

†††† osadhdaya prati grbhnita puspavaith supippalah

†††† ayam vo garbha rtviyah pratnam sadhastham asadat

One should bathe the Lordin jewel water from the sahasra‘

p-p-p-

dhara, saying:

 

†††† asuh sisano vrsabho na bhimo

††††††††† ghanaghanah ksobhanas carsaninam

†††† sankrandano'nimisa ekavirah

††††††††† satam sena ajayat sakam indrah

 

Kalasa Snana (Waterpot bath):

 

One should bathe the Lord in water from eight kalasas. One

kalasa should hold approximately twelve kilograms (liters) of

water. The kalasas should be unbroken with rounded bottoms and

graceful neck. One should bathe the Lord with the water,

saying:

 

†††† etonv indram stavama suddham suddhena amna

††††††††† suddhadair uktair vavrddhamsam sudha asirvan mamattu

†††† indrah suddha na a gahi suddhah suddhabhir utibhih

††††††††† suddho rayim ni dharaya sudho mamaddhi somyah

†††† indrah suddho hi no rayim suddho ratnani dasuse

††††††††† suddho vrtrani jighnase suddho vajam sisasas

 

One should bathe the Lord in sixteen kalasas of tirtha water

mixed with tulasi and sandalwood paste, saying the purusa

sukta:

 

 

Purusa Suktam:

 

om sahasra sirsa purusahsahasraksah sahasrapat

sa bhumim visvato vrtva' atyatisthad dasangulam

 

om purusa evedam sarvam yad bhutam yac ca bhavyam

utamrtatvasyesanoyad annenatirohati

 

om etavan asya mahimaato jyayams ca purusah

pado'sya visva bhutani tripad asyamrtam divi

 

om tripad urdhva udait purusah pado'syeha'bhavat punah

tato visvan vyakramatsasananasane abhi

 

om tasmat virad ajayata virajo adhipurusah

sa jato atyaricyata pascad bhumim atho purah

 

om yat purusena havisa deva yajnam atanvata

vasanto asyasid ajyam grisma idhmah sarad dhavih

 

om saptasyasan paridhayah trih sapta samidhah krtah

deva yad yajnam tanvanah abadhnan purusam pasum

 

om tam yajnam barhisi prauksan purusam jatam agratah

tena deva ayajanta sadhyarsayas ca ye

 

om tasmad yajnat sarva hutah sambhrtam prsad ajyam

pasums tams cakre vayavyan aranyan gramyas ca ye

 

om tasmad yajnat sarva huta rcah samani jajnire

chandamsi jajnire tasmatyajus tasmad ajayata‘

p-p-p-

om tasmad asvaayajanta ye ke cobhayadatah

gavo ha jajnire tasmat tasmaj jata aja vayah

 

om yat purusam vyadadhuh katidha vyakalpayam

mukham kim asya kau bahu ka uru padav ucyete

 

om brahmo'sya mukham asit bahu rajanyah krtah

uru tad asya yad vaisyah padbhyam sudro ajayata

 

om candrama manaso jatas caksoh suryo ajayata

mukhad indras cagnis ca pranad vayur ajayata

 

om nabhya asid antariksamsirsno dyauh samavartata

padbhyam bhumir disah srotrat atha lokam akalpayan

 

vedaham etam purusam mahantam

aditya varnam tamasas tu pare

sarvani rupani vicitya dhirah

namani krtvabhivadan yad aste

 

dhata purastad yam udajahara

sakrah pravidvan pradisas catasrah

tam evam vidvan amrta iha bhavati

nanyah pantha ayanaya vidyate

 

om yajenena yajnam ayajanta devas tani dharmani prathamany

asan

te ha nakam mahimanah sacante yatra purve sadhyah santi devah

 

Vastram (cloth):

One should wipe the Lord and dry him and change his cloth. One

should offer a pleasing dress to the Lord saying:

 

†††† abhi vastra suvasananyarsa

††††††††† 'bhih dhenuh sudughah puyamanah

†††† abhi candra bhartave no hiranya

††††††††† 'bhiyasvan rathino deva soma

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

idam vastram + mula mantra

 

Yajnopavita (sacred thread):

 

One should offer a sacred thread to the Lord saying:

 

†††† yajnopavitam paramam pavitram

††††††††† prajapater yat sahajam purastat

†††† ayusyam agryam pratimunca subhram

††††††††† yajnopavitam balam astu tejah

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam yajnopavitam + mula mantra

p-p-p-

Nirmancana (aratrika):

One should wave the herbs sahadeva, sadabhadra, suryavarta and

kusa tips in circles before the Lord, saying:

 

†††† kandat kandat prarohanti purusah parusas pari

†††† eva no durve pratanu sahasrena satena ca

 

One should offer sirisa and tumeric in the same way with the

same mantra.

 

Drsti Uttarana (deliverance from evil glances):

 

One should wave nima fruits, white and black mustard seeds and

salt in front of the Lord to drive away inauspicious entities.

 

Matsya Mocana:

 

One should throw a silver fish into a pot of water.

 

Padyam (footwash):

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† etat padyam + mula mantra

 

Acamaniyam (mouthwash):

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam acamaniyam + mula mantra

 

Kalasa Drsti (viewing an auspicious pot):

 

One should present a pot filled with water and topped with

leaves and a coconut to the Lord and place it before him along

with a variety of fruits.

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam mangala kalasam + mula mantra

 

Netronmilanam (opening the eyes):

 

One should then bless the Lord's eyes by touching them with a

golden wand, saying:

 

tac caksur devahitam purastac chukram ucarat

pasyema saradah satam jivema saradah satam

srnuyama saradah satam prabravama saradah satam

adinah syama sarah satam bhuyas ca saradah satat

 

Anjana (ointment):

 

One should apply collyrium to the Lord's eyes, saying:

††††† anjate vyanjate samanjate‘

p-p-p-

††††††††† kratum rihanti madhunabhyanjate

†††† sindhor ucchvase patayantam uksanam

††††††††† hiranya pavah pasum asu grbhnate

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam anjanam + mula mantra

 

Tilaka:

 

One should aply rocana (yellow pigment made with cow urine)

tilaka to the Lord's forehead saying:

 

†††† yunjanti bradhnam arusam carantam apri tasthusah

†††† rocante rocana divi

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† esa tilakah + mula mantra

 

One's mother or sister should then touch one hundred and eight

blades of durba grass and puffs of raw cotton to the Lord's

head.

 

Homa (fire sacrifice):

 

On one's birthday one should perform six acts using sesame.

Thus on the Lord's appearance day his body is rubbed with

sesame, he is bathed in sesame water, and later he will be

offered sesame foods. One should also give gifts of sesame,

sow sesame seeds and perform homa with sesame, using the deity

mula mantra.

 

Puspa, Mala (flowers and garlands):

 

One should give the Lord flowers and garlands.

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† etani puspani + mula mantra

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

††††

†††† idam malyam + mula mantra

 

Pratisarah (wrist band):

 

One should bind the right wrist of the Lord with yellow thread

saying:

 

†††† dirghaytvaya balaya varcase suprajastvaya,

†††† casas atho jiva saradah satam

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye‘

p-p-p-

†††† govindaya namo namah

†††† esa pratisarah + mula mantra

 

Darpana (mirror):

 

One should offer a mirror to the Lord and let him look at his

reflection.

 

†††† pratipad asi pratipade tvanupady asi anupade tva

†††† sampad asi sampade tva tejo'si tejase tva

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† esa darpanah + mula mantra

 

Ghrta Darsana:

 

One should show the auspicious element ghee to the Lord,

saying:

 

†††† ghrtavati bhuvananam abhi shriyor

††††††††† vi prthivi madhu dughe supesasa

††††† dyava prthivi varunasya dharmana

††††††††† viskabhite ajare bhure retasa

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam ghrtam + mula mantra

 

Camara (Whisk):

 

One should wave the camara over the Lord saying:

 

†††† vato va mano va gandharvah sapta vimsatih

†††† te agre'svam ayunjams te asmin javam adadhuh

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† esa camara seva + mula mantra

 

Bhusana (ornaments):

 

One should decorate the Lord with ornaments saying:

 

†††† hiranya purah sa hiranya samdrg

††††††††† apam napat sedu hiranya varnah

†††† hiranyayat pari yoner nisadya

††††††††† hiranyada dadaty annam asmai

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† etany abharanani + mula mantra

 

Godana:‘

p-p-p-

On the occasion of a birthday a cow may be given to a

brahmana.

 

Vandapanam:

 

On an auspicious day one should worship auspicious items. One

should bring forth the following items and say the appropriate

mantra.

 

earth:

 

†††† bhur asi

†††† bhumirasy

†††† aditir asi

†††† visvadhaya visvasya bhuvanasya dhatri

†††† prthivim yaccha

†††† prthivim drmha

†††† prthivim ma himsih

 

gandha:

 

††††† tvam gandhara akhanams

††††††††† indras tvam brhaspatih

†††† tvam osadhe samo raja

††††††††† vidvan yaksmadam ucyata

 

stone:

 

†††† pra parvatasya vrsabhasya prstha

††††††††† navas caranti svasi ca iyanah

†††† ta ava vrtrannadharag udakta

††††††††† ahir budhnyam anu riyamanah

†††† visnor vikramanam asi

††††††††† visnor vikrantam asi

†††† visnoh krantam asi

 

rice paddy:

 

†††† dhanyam asi dhinuhi devan

††††††††† pranaya tvodanaya tva vyanaya tva

†††† dirgham anu prasitim ayuse dham

††††††††† devo vah savita hiranyapanih

†††† pratigrbhnatv acchidrena panina

††††††††† caksuse tva mahinam payo'si

 

durba grass:

 

†††† kandat kandat prarohanti†††

††††††††† purusah parusaspari

†††† eva no durve pratanu†††††††

††††††††† sahasrena satena ca

 

flowers:

 

†††† om shris ca te laksmis ca patnyav

††††††††† aho ratre parsve naksatrani rupam††††† asvinau

vyattam

††††††††† isnannisanamum ma isana ‘

p-p-p-

†††† sarvalokam ma isana fruit:

 

†††† yah phalini ya aphala††

††††††††† apuspa yasca puspinih

†††† brhaspati prasutas††††

††††††††† ta no muncantv amhasah

 

yoghurt:

 

†††† dadhikravno akarisam†††

††††††††† jisnor asvasya vajinah

†††† subabhi no mukha karat††

††††††††† pra na ayumsi tarisat

 

ghee:

 

†††† ghrtavati bhuvananam

††††††††† abhishriyor vi prthvim

†††† madhudughe supesasa

†††††††††† dyava prthivi varunasya

†††† dharmanaviskabhite

††††††††† ajare bhuri retasa

 

svastikam:

 

†††† svasti na indro vrddha sravah††

††††††††† svasti nah pusa visvavedah

†††† svasti nas tarksyo aristanemih

††††††††† svasti no brhaspatir dadhatu

 

sindhur (vermilion):

 

†††† sindhor iva pradhvane sughanaso†††

††††††††† vatapramiyah patayanti yahvah

†††† ghrtasya dhara aruso na vaji††††

††††††††† kastha bhindann urmibhih pinvamanah

 

conch:

 

†††† agnir rsih pavamanah

††††††††† pancajanyah purohitah

†††† tamimahe mahagayam

 

kajjala (collyrium):

 

†††† samiddho anjan krdaram matinam

††††††††† ghrtam agne madhumat pinvamanah

†††† vaji vahanvajinam jatavedo

††††††††† devanam vaksi priyama sadhastham

 

rocana:

 

†††† yunjanti bradhnam arusam

††††††††† carantam pari tasthusah

†††† rocante rocana divi

 

 

gold:‘

p-p-p-

†††† hiranyarupah sa hiranyasamdrg

††††††††† apam napat sedu hiranyavarnah

†††† hiranyayat pari yoner nisadya

††††††††† hiranyada dadaty annam asmai

 

silver:

 

†††† rupena vo rupam abhyagam

††††††††† tutho vo visvaveda vibhajatu

†††† rtasya patha preta candra

††††††††† daksina visvah pasya

†††† vyantariksam yatasva sadasyaih

 

copper:

 

††††† asau yas tamro aruna

††††††††† uta babhruh sumangalah

†††† ye cainam rudra abhito diksu

††††††††† shritah sahasraso'vaisam heda imahe

 

white mustard seed:

 

†††† raksohanam balagahanam vaisnavim idam

††††††††† aham tam balagam utkirami

†††† yam me nistyo yam amatyo nicakhanedam

††††††††† aham tam balagam utkirami

†††† yam me savandhur yam asavandhur nicakhanedam

††††††††† aham tam balagam utkirami†††

†††† yam me sajato yam asajato

††††††††† nicakhanotkrtyam kirami

 

mirror:

 

†††† pratipad asi pratipade

††††††††† tvanupadasy anupade tva

†††† sampadasi sampade tva

††††††††† tejo'si tejase tva

 

lamp:

 

†††† shriye jatah shriya a niriyaya

††††††††† shriyam vayo jaritrbho dadhatu

†††† shriyam vasana amrta tvam ayan

††††††††† bhavantu satya samitha mitadrau

 

One should then place all the items on a beautiful plate, and

holding the plate with one's two hands offer it three times in

aratrika fashion to the Lord, saying:

 

†††† svasti na indro vrddha sravah††

††††††††† svasti nah pusa visvavedah

†††† svasti nas tarksyo aristanemih

††††††††† svasti no brhaspatir dadhatu

 

and:

††††† mahi gandhah sila dhanyam durba puspam phalam dadhi

††††††††† grtam svastika sinduram sankha kajjala rocanah

†††† siddhannam kanacanam raupyam tamram siddhartha darpanau‘

p-p-p-

††††††††† dipah prasasta patram ca vandaniyah subhe dine

 

Samskaras:

 

The samskaras ending with upanayanam (giving the sacred thread

may then be performed for the Lord. The performers of the

rites should be worshipped by giving cloth, garlands etc.

 

Dhupa (incense):

 

One should offer incense to the Lord, saying:

 

††††† dhurasi dhrva dhurvantam

†††† dhruva tam yo'sman dhurati

†††† tam dhurva ya vayam dhurvamah

†††† devanam asi vahnitamam sasnitamam

†††† papritamam justatamam devahutamam

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† esa dhupah + mula mantra

 

Dipa (lamps):

 

One should offer lamps saying:

 

†††† agnir jyotir jyotir agnih svaha

†††† suryo jyotir jyotir suryah svaha

†††† agnir varco jyotir varcah svaha

†††† suryo varco jyotir varcah svaha

†††† jyotir surya suryo jyotih svaha

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† esa dipah + mula mantra

 

Naivadyam (food):

 

One should then offer nice foodstuffs, such as sesame laddus,

popped rice, rice boiled in milk and sugar, various beverages,

four types of rice with various times representing the six

tastes. When offering according to the standard method one may

say the mantra:

 

†††† om visvesvaraya visva sambhavaya visva pataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam naivedya + mula mantra

 

Acamaniyam (mouthwash):

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

†††† idam acamaniyam + mula mantra

 

Tambulam:‘

p-p-p-

One should offer betel and spices, saying:

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† idam tambulam + mula mantra

 

Nirajana (aratrika):

On a plate made of gold, silver or bell metal one should draw

an eight petalled lotus using kumkum powder. One should make

pista dipas (from barley and wheat flour mixed with sugar and

milk), fill them with ghee and place wicks in them. One should

be placed in the center of the lotus and one in each of the

petals. After lighting the wicks one should chant the deity

mula mantra over the flames and offer the plate to the Lord

nine times, saying:

 

†††† dyauh santir antariksam santih

†††† prthivi santir apah santir

†††† osadhayah santih vanaspataya santih

†††† visve devah santir brahma santih

†††† sarvam santih santir eva santih

†††† sa ma santir edhi

 

†††† om yajnesvaraya yajnaya sambhavaya yajnapataye

†††† govindaya namo namah

 

†††† esa dipah + mula mantra

 

Abhisincana:

 

One may then sprinkle the Lord with auspicious items such as

durba grass, saying:

 

†††† samudra jyesthah salilasya madhyat

††††††††† punana yanty anivisamanah

†††† indro ya vajri vrsabho rarada

††††††††† ta apo devir iha mam avantu

†††† ya apo divya uta va sravanti

††††††††† khanitrima uta vayah svayamjah

†††† samudrartha yah sucayah pavakas

††††††††† ta apo devir iha mam avantu

†††† yasam raja varuno yati madhye

††††††††† satyanrte avapasyanjananam

†††† mahduscutah sucayo yah pavakas

††††††††† ta apo devir iha mam avantu

†††† yasu raja varuno yaso somo

††††††††† visve deva yas urjam madanti

†††† vaisvanaro yasv agnih pravistas

††††††††† ta apo devir iha mam avantu

 

Asirvada (blessings):

The brahmanas should give blessings saying:

 

†††† addhindra prasthitema havimsi

†††† cano dadhisva pacatota somam

†††† prayasvantah prati haryam asi tva‘

p-p-p-

†††† satyah santu yajamanasya kamah

 

or

 

†††† tam arvantam na sanasim arusam na divah sisum

††††† marmrjyante dive dive

†††† bodhadyanma haribhyam kumarah sahadevyah

†††† accha na huta udaram

†††† uta tya yajata hari kumarat sahadevyat

†††† prayata sadya a dade

†††† esa vam devav asvina kumarah sahadevyah

†††† dirghayur astu somakah

†††† tam yuvam devav asvina kumaram sahadevyam

†††† dirghayusam krnotana

 

Stuti (verses of praise):

 

One should then recite verses of praise of Govinda from the

vedas or puranas.

 

Vrata:

 

During the daylight hours of the astami one should observe the

vow of fasting in the association of devotees, and staying

awake at night, at midnight one should perform the abhiseka

according the vidhi just described, accompanied by joyful

singing and dancing. The next day one should celebrate the

Lord's appearance with great festivity and respect

mahaprasadam with the vaishnavas.

 

One who performs worship of th Lord on Janmastami day

according to the method stated above, and with the mood of

service of the inhabitants of Vraja, will certainly gain the

affection of Krishna. Having gained that affection he will be

blessed with deep love of Krishna (prema) and will directly

serve the Lord in Vrndavana eternally.

 

NOTES:

 

The ingredients of padyam may be identified as follows:

 

syamaka: millet, Panicum frumentaceum

visnukranta: butterfly pea, Clitoria ternatea

durva: dub grass, saccharum cylindricum

 

The ingredients of sarvaushadhi may be identified as follows:

 

mamsi: spieknarad, nardostachys jatamamsi

vaca: sweet flag roots, Acorus colamus

kustgyha: kuth (Hindi), saussurea auriculata

saileyam: dill, Anethum graveolens

sati: ginger, Curcuma zedoaria

musta: nut grass, Cyperus Rotrundas

campaka: fruit of the plantain tree rajani dvaya: tumeric,

curcuma longa and a relative, curcuma aromatica

 

Mahausadhi:

p-p-p-

sahadevi: Echites Frutescus

simhi: Solanam melongena

sankhapuspi: dankuni (Bengali), Canscora decussata

vayghri: solanam Jacquini

bala: Sidonia Cordifolia

atibala: Sidonia rhombifolia

suryavarta: Polanisia icosandra

vaca: Acorus colamus

 

Sarvamangala:

 

padmaka: wood from Cerasus puddum

jati: chameli, jasmin grandflora

kunda: Jasmin multiflora

kusa grass

durba: Saccharum cylindricum

rocna: a yellow pigment made from the bile of the cow

 

Nirmancana:

 

sahadeva (bala): Sida cordifolia

sadabhadra: gamari (Bengali), Gmelina arborea

suryavarta: Polanisia icosandra

sirisa: Acacia sirissa

rajani: tumeric, Curcuma longa