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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Puranas > THE FIFTH VEDA PURANA > LESSON FOUR PART 2







     jalaja nava laksani

   sthavara laksha-vimsati

     krimayo rudra sankhyakat

   prkshinam dasa-laksanam

     trimsal-laksani paravah

   catur laksani manusah


There are 900,000 species living in the water. There are also 2,000,000 nonmoving entities such as trees and plants. There are 1.100,000 species of insects and reptiles and there are 1,000,000 species of birds. As far as animals are concerned there are 3,000,000 varieties and there are 400,000 human species.


                                          (Padma Purana)


(S.B. 2.10.37-40)


   Brahma and his sons like Daksa, the periodical heads like Vaivasvata Manu, the demigods like Indra, Candra and Varuna, the great sages like Bhrgu, Vyasa and Vasistha, the Gandharvas, Vidyadharas, Asuras, Yaksas, Kinnaras and Angels, the serpentines, the monkey shaped Kimpurusas, the Human Beings, the inhabitants of Matrloka, the demons, Pisacas, ghosts, spirits, lunatics and evil spirits, the good and evil stars, goblins, the animals in the forest, the birds, the household animals, the reptiles, the mountains, the entities born from the embryo, from eggs, from perspiration, from seeds and all others, whether they be in water, land or air, in happiness or distress. All of them, according to their past deeds are created by the Supreme Lord.




   Beings who have a living force (vegetables, trees and plants), are superior to earth, stone or dull matter, etc. Superior to non-moving beings are snakes and worms, etc., or beings that move. Superior to snakes and worms are animals with developed intelligence. Superior to animals are human beings. Superior to human beings are ghosts - because they have no material (gross) bodies. Superior to ghosts are Gandharvas. Superior to Gandharvas are the Siddhas. Superior to the Siddhas are the Kinnaras. Superior to the Kinnaras are the demons. Superior to the demons are the demigods. Of the demigods Indra is the topmost. Brahma's direct sons like Daksa, etc., are superior to Indra. among Brahma's sons Siva is the most elevated.




(S.B. Canto 6, Chapter 6)


   Prajapati Daksa begot sixty daughters in the womb of his wife Aksini. These daughters were given in charity to different people to increase the population.


   Ten daughters were given to Dharmaraja, thirteen to Kasyapa, and twenty-seven to the moon god. In this way fifty daughters were distributed. Of the other ten, two were given to Bhuta, Angira and Krsasva and the remaining four were given to Kasyapa. Thus Kasyapa got seventeen  of Daksa's daughters. It was because of the union of these daughters with various exalted personalities, that the entire universe was filled with various kinds of living entities in various bodies like humans, demigods, birds, etc.






   Daksa was the son of Brahma and therefore a brahmana. Due to his misbehaving like a non- brahmana by insulting Lord Siva, he had to take birth in the womb of a ksatriya. Thus he became the son of the Pracetas. Also because of his disrespecting Lord Siva, he had to undergo the tribulation of taking birth in the womb of a woman.


   The controversy of the Daksa yajna took place during the Svayambhuva manvantara and as a punishment he was killed by Virabhadra. But because that was not sufficient he also had to take birth from Marisa and the Pracetas. According to Visvanatha Cakravati Thakura, Daksa underwent penance up to the fifth manvantara and then at the beginning of the sixth manvantara (Caksusa), Daksa took birth again (as previously mentioned), and on the order of Brahma, engaged in generating the population of the universe.


                                            (S.B. 4.30.48-50)