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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Puranas > THE FIFTH VEDA PURANA > LESSON FIVE PART ONE








   The atomic description of the Shrimad Bhagavatam is almost the same as the modern science. This is further described in the Paraman-vada of Kanada. Time is measured in terms of its covering a certain space of atoms. Standard time is calculated in terms of the movement of the sun. The time covered by the sun in passing over an atom is calculated as atomic time.


Two atoms               - a double atom

Three double atoms      - a hexatom (particle visable in


Three hexatoms          - a truti or 18 atomic particles, or one

                          second divided in 16,875 parts.

One hundred trutis      - one veda

Three vedas             - one lava

Three lavas             - one nimesa

Three nimesas           - one ksana

Five ksanas             - one kastha or 8 seconds

Fifteen kasthas         - one laghu or 2 minutes

Fifteen laghus          - one (nadika-danda) or 30 minutes

Two dandas              - one muhurta or one hour

Six to seven dandas     - one prahara or quarter of a day

Fifteen days and nights - two weeks or a fortnight

Two fortnights          - one month


   During the period of one month the moon wanes and is called krishna paksa, the dark moon or amavasya. In the same month the moon waxes and is called gaur-paksa or sukla paksa, the full moon or purnima.


    Purnima to amavasya is called krishnapaksa (dark moon).

   Amavasya to purnima is called gaurpaksa (bright moon).


   Two months - one season


   During the first six months the sun travels from south to north and is known as uttarayana. During the second six months the sun travels from north to south and is known as daksinayana. Two solar movements equals one day and night of the demigods.