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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Prayers and Songs > Songs of the Vaishnava Acharyas > Songs of Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura

Songs of Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura



Kirtana songs to be sung at dawn

(from Gitavali)

Part One


udilo aruna puraba-bhage,

dwija-mani gora amani jage,

bhakata-samuha loiya sathe,

gela nagara-braje

1) When the rising sun appeared in the East, the jewel of the twice-born, Lord Gaurasundara, awakened, and, taking His devotees with Him, He went all over the countryside towns and villages


 ‘tathai tathai bajalo khol,

ghana ghana tahe jhajera rol,

preme dhala dhala sonara anga,

carane nupura baje

2) and played the mridanga, and the cymbals chimed in time. Lord Gauranga’s shimmering golden features danced, and His footbells jingled.


mukunda madhava yadava hari,

bolena bolo re vadana bhori’,

miche nida-bashe gelo re rati,

divasa sharira-saje

3) All the devotees chanted the names Mukunda, Madhava, Yadava and Hari, their mouths being filled with the vibrations. They would announce to the still sleeping people, "You spend your nights uselessly sleeping and your days decorating your bodies!


emana durlabha manava-deho,

paiya ki koro bhava na keho,

ebe na bhajile yashoda-suta,

carame poribe laje

4) You have achieved such a rare human body, but you do not care for this gift. You remain not serving the darling of Yashoda and slowly fall through your last moments to death.


udita tapana hoile asta,

dina gelo boli’ hoibe byasta,

tabe keno ebe alasa hoy,

na bhaja hridoya-raje

5) With every rising and setting of the sun, a day passes and is lost. Then, why do you remain idle and not serve the Lord of the heart?


jivana anitya janaha sar,

tahe nana-vidha vipada-bhar,

namashraya kori’ jatane tumi,

thakaha apana kaje

6) This temporary life is full of various miseries. Take shelter of the holy name as your only business.


jivera kalyana-sadhana-kam,

jagate asi’ e madhura nam,


hrid-gagane biraje

7) To penetrate the darkness of ignorance and bless everyone’s heart, the holy name has risen like the shining sun.


krishna-nama-sudha koriya pan,

jurao bhakativinoda-pran,

nama bina kichu nahiko aro,


8) Drink the pure nectar of the holy name. There is nothing but the name to be had in the fourteen worlds. It has filled the soul of Shri Bhaktivinoda Thakura.

Part Two


jiv jago, jiv jago, gauracanda bole

kota nidra jao maya-pishacira kole

1) Lord Gauranga is calling, "Wake up, sleeping souls! Wake up, sleeping souls! How long will you sleep in the lap of the witch called Maya?


bhajibo boliya ese samsara-bhitare

bhuliya rohile tumi avidyara bhare

2) You have forgotten the way of devotional service and are lost in the world of birth and death.


tomare loite ami hoinu avatara

ami bina bandhu ara ke ache tomara

3) I have descended just to save you; other than Myself you have no friend in this world.


enechi aushadhi maya nashibaro lagi’

hari-nama maha-mantra lao tumi magi’

4) I have brought the medicine that will wipe out the disease of illusion from which you are suffering. Take this maha-mantra—Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare/Hare Rama, Hare Rama Rama Rama, Hare Hare."


bhakativinoda prabhu-carane pariya

sei hari-nama-mantra loilo magiya

5) Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura says: "I fall at the Lord’s feet, having taken this maha-mantra. "

Shri Nama

(from Gitavali)


gay gora madhur sware

hare krishna hare krishna krishna krishna hare hare

hare rama hare rama rama rama hare hare

(1) Lord Gaurasundara sings in a very sweet voice, Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare.


grihe thako, vane thako, sada ‘hari’ bole’ dako,

sukhe duhkhe bhulo na’ko, vadane hari-nam koro re

(2) Whether you are a householder or a sannyasi, constantly chant "Hari! Hari!" Do not forget this chanting, whether you are in a happy condition or a distressful one. Just fill your lips with the hari-nama.


maya-jale baddha ho ’ye, acho miche kaja lo ’ye,

ekhona cetana pe’ye, ‘radha-madhav’ nam bolo re

(3) You are bound up in the network of maya and are forced to toil fruitlessly. Now you have obtained full consciousness in the human form of life, so chant the names of Radha-Madhava.


jivana hoilo shesha, na bhajile hrishikesha

bhaktivinodopadesha, ekbar nam-rase mato re

(4) Your life may end at any moment, and you have not served the Lord of the senses, Hrishikesha. Take this advice of Bhaktivinoda Thakura: "Just once, relish the nectar of the holy name!"


(from Kalyana-kalpataru)

Part One


gopinath, mama nivedana shuno

vishayi durjana, sada kama-rata,

kichu nahi mora guna

(1) 0 Gopinatha, Lord of the gopis, please hear my request. I am a wicked materialist, always addicted to worldly desires, and no good qualities do I possess.


gopinath, amara bharasa tumi

tomara carane, loinu sharana,

tomara kinkora ami

(2) 0 Gopinatha, You are my only hope, and therefore I have taken shelter at Your lotus feet. I am now Your eternal servant.


gopinath, kemone shodhibe more

na jani bhakati, karme jada-mati,

porechi somsara-ghore

(3) 0 Gopinatha, how will You purify me? I do not know what devotion is, and my materialistic mind is absorbed in fruitive work. I have fallen into this dark and perilous worldly existence.


gopinath, sakali tomara maya

nahi mama bala, jnana sunirmala,

swadina nahe e kaya

(4) 0 Gopinatha, everything here is Your illusory energy. I have no strength or transcendental knowledge, and this body of mine is not independent and free from the control of material nature.


gopinath, niyata carane sthana

mage e pamara, kandiya kandiya,

korohe karuna dana

(5) 0 Gopinatha, this sinner, who is weeping and weeping, begs for an eternal place at Your divine feet. Please give him Your mercy.


gopinath, tumi to’ sakali paro

durjane tarite, tomara shakati,

ke ache papira aro

(6) 0 Gopinatha, You are able to do anything, and therefore You have the power to deliver all sinners. Who is there that is more of a sinner than myself?


gopinath, tumi kripa-parabara

jivera karane, asiya prapance,

lila koile subistara

(7) 0 Gopinatha, You are the ocean of mercy. Having come into this phenomenal world, You expand Your divine pastimes for the sake of the fallen souls.


gopinath, ami ki doshe doshi

asura sakala, pailo carana,

vinoda thakilo bosi’

(8) 0 Gopinatha, I am so sinful that although all the demons attained Your lotus feet, Bhaktivinoda has remained in worldly existence.

Part Two


gopinath, ghucao samsara jwala

avidya-jatana, aro nahi sahe,


(1) 0 Gopinatha, please remove the torment of worldly existence. I can no longer tolerate the pain of ignorance and the repeated succession of births and deaths.


gopinath, ami to’ kamera dasa

vishaya-basana, jagiche hridoye,

phadiche karama phasa

(2) 0 Gopinatha, indeed I am a servant of lust. Worldly desires are awakening in my heart, and thus the noose of fruitive work is beginning to tighten.


gopinath, kabe va jagibo ami

kama-rupa ari, dure teyagibo,

hridoye sphuribe tumi

(3) 0 Gopinatha, when will I wake up and abandon afar this enemy of lust, and when will You manifest Yourself in my heart?


gopinath, ami to’ tomara jana

tomare chariya, samsara bhajinu,

bhuliya apana-dhana

(4) 0 Gopinatha, I am Your devotee, but having abandoned You and thus having forgotten my real treasure, I have worshiped this mundane world.


gopinath, tumi to’ sakali jano

apanara jane, dandiya ekhano,

shri-carane aeho sthano

(5) 0 Gopinatha, You know everything. Now, having punished Your servant, please give him a place at Your lotus feet.


gopinath, ei ki vicara taba

bimukha dekhiya, charo nija-jane,

na koro’ karuna-laba

(6) 0 Gopinatha, is this Your judgment, that seeing me averse to You, You abandon Your servant and don’t bestow even a particle of mercy upon him?


gopinath, ami to murakha ati

kise bhalo hoya, kabhu na bujhinu,

tai heno mama gati

(7) 0 Gopinatha, I am certainly very foolish, and I have never known what is good for me. Therefore such is my condition.


gopinath, tumi to’ pandita-bara

mudhera mangala, tumi anveshibe,

e dase na bhavo’ para

(8) 0 Gopinatha, You are indeed the wisest person. Please look for a way to bring about auspiciousness for this fool, and please do not consider this servant as an outsider.

Part Three


gopinath, amara upaya nai

tumi kripa kori’, amare loile,

samsare uddhara pai

(1) 0 Gopinatha, I have no means of success, but if You take me, having bestowed Your mercy upon me, then I will obtain deliverance from this world.


gopinath, porechi mayara phere

dhana, dara, suta, ghireche amare,

kamete rekheche jere

(2) 0 Gopinatha, I have fallen into the perils of material illusion. Wealth, wife, and sons have surrounded me, and lust has wasted me away.


gopinath, mana je pagala mora

na mane shasana, sada acetana,

vishaye ro ’yeche ghora

(3) 0 Gopinatha, my mind is crazy and does not care for any authority. It is always senseless and has remained in the dark pit of worldly affairs.


gopinath, hara je menechi ami

aneka jatana, hoilo bifala,

ekhano bharasa tumi

(4) 0 Gopinatha, I have accepted my defeat. All of my various endeavors were useless. Now You are the only hope.


gopinath, kemone hoibe gati

prabala indriya, boshi-bhuta mana,

na chare vishaya-rati

(5) 0 Gopinatha, how shall I make any advancement when my mind has come under the control of the powerful senses and does not abandon its attachment to materialism?


gopinath, hridoye bosiya mora

manake shamiya, laho nija pane,

ghucibe vipada ghora

(6) 0 Gopinatha, after sitting down in the core of my heart and subduing my mind, please take me to You. In this way the horrible dangers of this world will disappear.


gopinath, anatha dekhiya more

tumi hrishikesha, hrishika damiya,

taro ’he samsriti-ghore

(7) 0 Gopinatha, You are Hrishikesha, the Lord of the senses. Seeing me so helpless, please control these senses of mine and deliver me from this dark and perilous worldly existence.


gopinath, galaya legeche phasa

kripa-asi dhori’, bandhana chediya,

vinode koroho dasa

(8) 0 Gopinatha, the noose of materialism has become fixed around my neck. Taking up the sword of Your mercy and cutting this bondage, make this Bhaktivinoda Your humble servant.


(from Sharanagati)



kripa-bindu diya, koro’ ei dase,

trinapekha ati hina

sakala sahane, bala diya koro’,

nija-mane spriha-hina

1) Gurudeva, give to this servant just one drop of mercy. I am lower than a blade of grass. Give me all he1p. Give me strength. Let me be as you are, without desires or aspirations.


sakale sammana korite shakati,

deho’ natha! jathajatha

tabe to’ gaibo, hari-nama-sukhe,

aparadha ha ’be hata

2) I offer you all respects, for thus I may have the energy to know you correctly. Then, by chanting the holy name in great ecstasy, all my offenses will cease.


kabe heno kripa, labhiya e jana,

kritartha hoibe, natha!

shakti-buddhi-hina, ami ati dina,

koro’ more atma-satha

3) O Lord and Master! When will such mercy fall to this one who is weak and devoid of intelligence? Allow me to be with you.


jogyata-vicare, kichu nahi pai,

tomara karuna—sara

karuna na hoile, kandiya kandiya,

prana na rakhibo ara

4) If you examine me, you will find no qualities. Your mercy is all that I am made of. If you are not merciful unto me, I can only weep, and I will not be able to maintain my life.

Manasa Deha Geha

Mind, Body, and Home

(from Sharanagati)


manasa, deho, geho, jo kichu mor

arpilu tuwa pade, nanda-kishor!

(1) Mind, body, and family, whatever may be mine, I have surrendered at Your lotus feet, O youthful son of Nanda!


sampade vipade, jivane-marane

day mama gela, tuwa o-pada barane

(2) In good fortune or in bad, in life or at death, all my difficulties have disappeared by choosing those feet of Yours as my only shelter.


marobi rakhobi—jo iccha tohara

nitya-dasa prati tuwa adhikara

(3) Slay me or protect me as You wish, for You are the master of Your eternal servant.


janmaobi moe iccha jadi tor

bhakta-grihe jani janma hau mor

(4) If it is Your will that I be born again, then may it be in the home of Your devotee.


kita-janma hau jatha tuwa das

bahir-mukha brahma janme nahi ash

(5) May I be born again even as a worm, so long as I may remain Your devotee. I have no desire to be born as a Brahma averse to You.


bhukti-mukti-spriha vihina je bhakta

labhaite tako sanga anurakta

(6) I yearn for the company of that devotee who is completely devoid of all desire for worldly enjoyment or liberation.


janaka, janani, dayita, tanay

prabhu, guru, pati—tuhu sarva-moy

(7) Father, mother, lover, son, Lord, preceptor, and husband; You are everything to me.


bhakativinoda kohe, shuno kana!

radha-natha! tuhu hamara parana

(8) Thakura Bhaktivinoda says, "O Kana, please hear me! O Lord of Radha, You are my life and soul!"


Songs for the Honoring of Spiritual Food

(from Gitavali)


Part One

(this first song should be sung before honoring the Lord’s prasada)



sharira abidya-jal, jodendriya tahe kal,

jive phele vishaya-sagore

ta’ra madhye jihwa ati, lobhamoy sudurmati,

ta’ke jeta kathina samsare


krishna baro doyamoy, koribare jihwa jay,

swa-prasad-anna dilo bhai

sei annamrita pao, radha-krishna-guna gao,

preme dako chaitanya-nitai

O Lord, this material body is a place of ignorance, and the senses are a network of paths to death. Somehow, we have fallen into this ocean of material sense enjoyment, and of all the senses the tongue is most voracious and uncontrollable; it is very difficult to conquer the tongue in this world. But You, dear Krishna, are very kind to us and have given us such nice prasada, just to control the tongue. Now we take this prasada to our full satisfaction and glorify You Lord—Radha and Krishna—and in love call for the help of Lord Chaitanya and Nityananda.

Kabe Ha’be Bolo

(from Sharanagati)


kabe ha’be bolo se-dina amar

(amar) aparadha ghuci’, shuddha name ruci,

kripa-bale ha’be hridoye sancar

1) When, oh when will that day be mine? When my offenses ceasing, taste for the name increasing, when in my heart will your mercy shine, when, oh when will that day be mine?


trinadhika hina, kabe nije mani’,

sahishnuta-guna hridoyete ani’

sakale manada, apani amani,

ho’ye aswadibo nama-rasa-sar

2) Lower than a blade of grass, more tolerant than a tree. When will my mind attain this quality? Respectful to all, not expecting their honour, then shall I taste the name’s nectar sublime. When, oh when will that day be mine?


dhana jana ara, kobita-sundari,

bolibo na cahi deho-sukha-kari

janme-janme dao, ohe gaurahari!

ahaituki bhakti carane tomar

3) Great wealth or followers, feminine beauty, I won’t care for them or the comforts of my body. Birth after birth give me, Oh Lord Chaitanya, causeless devotion to Your feet divine, when, oh when will that day be mine?


(kabe) korite shri-krishna-nama uccarana,

pulakita deho gadgada bacana

baibarnya-bepathu ha’be sanghatana,

nirantara netre ba’be ashru-dhar

4) When will I utter Krishna, Krishna, Krishna, with words choked up and shivering body? When will I be trembling all over, lose bodily color, tears pouring from my eyes, when, oh when will that day be mine?


kabe navadwipe, suradhuni-tate,

gaura-nityananda boli’ nishkapate

naciya gaiya, beraibo chute,

batulera praya chariya bicar

5) When in Navadvipa along the Ganges bank,  shouting ‘Gaura-Nityananda’ as a surrendered soul, dancing, chanting, running everywhere, when will I become half mad of mind? When, oh when will that day be mine?


kabe nityananda, more kori ’doya,

charaibe mora vishayera maya

diya more nija-caranera chaya,

namera hatete dibe adhikar

6) When will Lord Nityananda show mercy upon me, when will I reject the world of maya? Bestow unto me the shade of Your lotus feet, let the right to preach the name be mine. When, oh when will that day be mine?


kinibo, lutibo, hari-nama-rasa,

nama-rase mati’ hoibo bibasha

rasera rasika-carana parasha,

koriya mojibo rase anibar

7) I will beg, borrow, or steal the nectar of the name. By the name’s effect I will feel paralyzed. Oh! Enjoyer of the nectar of the name, When will I touch your lotus feet till the end of time? When, oh when will that day be mine?


kabe jibe doya, hoibe udoya,

nija-sukha bhuli’ sudina-hridoya

bhakativinoda, koriya binoya,

shri-ajna-tahala koribe pracar

8) When kindness to all beings will be appearing, with free heart forget myself comforting, Bhaktivinoda in all humility prays, "Now I will set out to preach Your order sublime." When, oh when will that day be mine?


(from Gitavali)

(at Thakura Bhaktivinoda’s home at Surabhi-kunja in Godruma-dvipa)


bhaja bhakata-vatsala shri-gaurahari

shri-gaurahari sohi goshtha-bihari


(1) Just worship Shri Gaurahari, who is always affectionate toward His devotees. He is the same Supreme Godhead, Krishna, who sported in the cowherd pastures of Vraja and stole the hearts of Nanda and Yashoda.


bela ho’lo damodara aisa ekhano

bhoga-mandire bosi’ koraho bhojana

(2) Mother Yashoda calls to Krishna, "My dear Damodara, it is very late. Please come right now, sit down in the dining hall, and take Your lunch."


nandera nideshe baise giri-bara-dhari

baladeva-saha sakha baise sari sari

(3) On the direction of Nanda Maharaja, Krishna, the holder of Govardhana Hill, sits down, and then all the cowherd boys, along with Krishna's elder brother, Shri Baladeva, sit down in rows to take their lunch.


shukta-shakadi bhaji nalita kushmanda

dali dalna dugdha-tumbi dadhi moca-khanda

(4) They are then served a feast of shukta and various kinds of green leafy vegetables, then nice fried things, and a salad made of the green leaves of the jute plant. They are also served pumpkin, baskets of fruit, small square cakes made of lentils and cooked-down milk, then thick yogurt, squash cooked in milk, and vegetable preparations made from the flower of the banana tree.


mudga-bora masha-bora rotika ghritanna

shashkuli pishtaka khir puli payasanna

(5) Then they receive fried squares of mung dahl patties, and urad dahl patties, capatis, and rice with ghee. Next, sweets made with milk, sugar, and sesamum; rice flour cakes; thick cooked-down milk; cakes floating in milk; and sweet rice.


karpura amrita—keli rambha khira-sara

amrita rasala, amla dwadasha prakara

(6) There is also sweet rice that tastes just like nectar due to its being mixed with camphor. There are bananas, and cheese which is nectarean and delicious. They are also served twelve kinds of sour preparations made with tamarinds, limes, lemons, oranges, and pomegranates.


luci cini sarpuri ladòu rasabali

bhojana korena krishna ho’ye kutuhali

(7) There are puris made with white flour and sugar; puris filled with cream; laòòus; and dahl patties boiled in sugared rice. Krishna eagerly eats all of the food.


radhikara pakka anna vividha byanjana

parama anande krishna korena bhojana

(8) In great ecstasy and joy Krishna eats the rice, curried vegetables, sweets, and pastries cooked by Shrimati Radharani.


chale-bale laòòu khay shri-madhumangala

bagala bajay ara drya hari-bolo

(9) Krishna’s funny brahmana friend Madhumangala, who is very fond of laòòus, gets them by hook or by crook. Eating the laòòus, he shouts, "Haribol! Haribol!" and makes a funny sound by slapping his sides under his armpits with his hands.


radhikadi gane heri’ nayanera kone

tripta ho’ye khay krishna jashoda-bhavane

(10) Beholding Radharani and Her gopi friends out of the corners of His eyes, Krishna eats at the house of mother Yashoda with great satisfaction.


bhojanante piye krishna subasita bari

sabe mukha prakhaloy ho’ye sari sari

(11) After lunch, Krishna drinks rose-scented water. Then all of the boys, standing in lines, wash their mouths.


hasta-mukha prakhaliya jata sakha-gane

anande bishrama kore baladeva-sane

(12) After all the cowherd boys wash their hands and mouths, in great bliss they take rest with Lord Balarama.


jambula rasala ane tambula-masala

taha kheye krishna-candra sukhe nidra gela

(13) The two cowherd boys Jambula and Rasala then bring Krishna pan made with betel nuts, fancy spices, and catechu. After eating that pan, Shri Krishnacandra then happily goes to sleep.


bishalakha shikhi-puccha-camara òhulaya

apurba shayyaya krishna sukhe nidra jaya.

(14) While Krishna happily takes His rest on an excellent bedstead, His servant Vishalaksha cools Him with a fan of peacock feathers.


jashomati-ajna pe’ye dhanishtha-anito

shri-krishna-prasada radha bhunje ho’ye prito

(I5) At mother Yashoda’s request the gopi Dhanishtha brings remnants of food left on Krishna’s plate to Shrimati Radharani, who eats them with great delight.


lalitadi sakhi-gana avashesha paya

mane mane sukhe radha-krishna-guna gaya

(16) Lalita-devi and the other gopis then receive the remnants, and within their hearts they sing the glories of Radharani and Krishna with great joy.


hari-lila ek-matra jahara pramoda

bhogarati gay thakur bhakativinoda

(17) Thakura Bhaktivinoda, whose one and only joy is the pastimes of Lord Hari, sings this Bhoga-arati song.

Jaya Radha-Madhava

(from Gitavali)

(jaya) radha-madhava (jaya) kunja-bihari

(jaya) gopi-jana-vallabha (jaya) giri-vara-dhari

(jaya) jashoda-nandana, (jaya) braja-jana-ranjana,

(jaya) jamuna-tira-vana-cari

Krishna is the lover of Radha. He displays many amorous pastimes in the groves of Vrindavana, He is the lover of the cowherd maidens of Vraja, the holder of the great hill named Govardhana, the beloved son of mother Yashoda, the delighter of the inhabitants of Vraja, and He wanders in the forests along the banks of the River Yamuna.

(Shrila Prabhupada was very fond of this song and sang it just before his lectures. In Allahabad and Gorakhpur Shrila Prabhupada fell into a trance after singing the first two lines, and after some time he came back into external consciousness and said, "Now just chant Hare Krishna." Shrila Prabhupada said that this song is "a picture of Vrindavana. Everything is there—Shrimati Radharani, Vrindavana, Govardhana, Yashoda, and all the cowherd boys.")

Radha-Krishna Bol

(from Gitavali)


‘radha-krishna’ bol bol bolo re sobai

(ei) shikha diya, sab nadiya

phirche nece’ gaura-nitai

1) Chant, chant "Radha-Krishna!" Everyone chant! When Lord Chaitanya and Lord Nityananda came dancing through Nadia, They gave these teachings: Chant, chant "Radha-Krishna!" Everyone chant!


(miche) mayar boshe, jaccho bhese’,

khaccho habuòubu, bhai

2) You are caught up in a whirlpool of senseless action and are sinking lower and lower. Chant, chant "Radha-Krishna!" Everyone chant!


(jiv) krishna-das, e bishwas,

korle to’ ar duhkho nai

3) If you just understand that the spirit soul is the eternal servant of Krishna, you will never have any more sorrows.


(krishna) bolbe jabe, pulak ha’be

jhorbe ankhi, boli tai

4) Chant Hare Krishna and your eyes will fill with tears and your body will feel transcendental shivering. Chant, chant "Radha-Krishna!" Everyone chant!


(‘radha) krishna’ bolo, sange calo,

ei-matra bhikha cai

5) Simply chant "Radha-Krishna" and join with us. Those are the only alms we beg. Chant, chant "Radha-Krishna!" Everyone chant!


(jay) sakal’bipod bhaktivinod

bole, jakhon o-nam gai

6) "All dangers will be gone when that Name is chanted," says Bhaktivinoda Thakura. Chant, chant "Radha-Krishna!" Everyone chant!


(from Sharanagati)




bhakata-seva, parama-siddhi,

prema-latikara mula

1) The dust of the lotus feet of pure devotees, enthusiatic devotional service, and service to the pure devotees of the highest order are the roots of the creeper of devotion.


madhava-tithi, bhakti-janani,

jetane palana kori

krishna-basati, basati boli’,

parama adare bori

2) The holy days like Ekadashi and Janmashtami are the mother of devotion for those devotees who respect them. Let the holy places of Krishna’s pastimes be my places of worship, and bless me.


gaur amara, je-saba sthane,

koralo bhramana range

se-saba sthana, heribo ami,


3) May I always visit all the holy places associated with the lila of Lord Chaitanya and His devotees.


mridanga-badya, shunite mana,

abasara sada jace

gaura-bihita, kirtana shuni’,

anande hridoya nace

4) When I hear the sound of the mridanga in my heart I always desire to join in kirtana; and when I hear the bonafide songs decribing Lord Chaitanya’s pastimes, my heart dances in ecstasy.


jugala-murti, dekhiya mora,

parama-ananda hoya

prasada-seba korite hoya,

sakala prapanca jaya

5) Whenever I see the transcendental shri-vigrahas of Radha-Krishna I am in bliss, for by taking Their Lordships’ prasada we can conquer over the material elements.


je-dina grihe, bhajana dekhi,

grihete goloka bhaya

carana-sidhu, dekhiya ganga,

sukha sa sima paya

6) One day while performing devotional practices, I saw my house transformed into Goloka Vrindavana. When I take the caranamrita of the Deity, I see the holy Ganges waters that come from the feet of Lord Vishnu, and my bliss knows no bounds.


tulasi dekhi’,  juraya prana,

madhava-toshani jani’

gaura-priya, shaka-sevane,

jivana sarthaka mani

7) By seeing the tulasi tree my heart feels joy and Lord Madhava (Krishna) is also satisfied. When I eat the prasada favored by Lord Chaitanya it is a new life’s experience. (Lord Chaitanya was very fond of a green vegetable preparation called sak, and there is another song in this book that tells of the amazing effects of this type of prasada.)


bhakativinoda, krishna-bhajane,

anakula paya jaha

prati-dibase, parama-sukhe,

swikara koroye taha

8) Bhaktivinoda concludes by saying: "Whosoever attains the stage of enthusiasm for these devotional practices will be supremely blissful wherever he may be."


(from Gitavali)


(kiba) jaya jaya goracander aratiko shobha

jahnavi-tata-vane jaga-mana-lobha


(First Refrain)

gauranger arotik shobha


(1) All glories, all glories to the beautiful arati ceremony of Lord Chaitanya. This Gaura-arati is taking place in a grove on the banks of the Jahnavi [Ganges] and is attracting the minds of all living entities in the universe.


dakhine nitaicand, bame gadadhara

nikate adwaita, shrinivasa chatra-dhara

(2) On Lord Chaitanya’s right side is Lord Nityananda, and on His left is Shri Gadadhara. Nearby stands Shri Advaita, and Shrivasa Thakura is holding an umbrella over Lord Chaitanya’s head.


bosiyache goracand ratna-simhasane

arati koren brahma-adi deva-gane

(3) Lord Chaitanya has sat down on a jeweled throne, and the demigods, headed by Lord Brahma, perform the arati ceremony.


narahari-adi kori’ camara dhulaya

sanjaya-mukunda-basu-ghosh-adi gaya

(4) Narahari Sarakara and other associates of Lord Chaitanya fan Him with camaras, and devotees headed by Sanjaya Panòita, Mukunda Datta, and Vasu Ghosha sing sweet kirtana.


shankha baje ghanta baje baje karatala

madhura mridanga baje parama rasala

(Second Refrain)

shankha baje ghanta baje

madhur madhur madhur baje

(5) Conchshells, bells, and karatalas resound, and the mridangas play very sweetly. This kirtana music is supremely sweet and relishable to hear.


bahu-koti candra jini’ vadana ujjvala

gala-deshe bana-mala kore jhalamala

(6) The brilliance of Lord Chaitanya’s face conquers millions upon millions of moons, and the garland of forest flowers around His neck shines.


shiva-shuka-narada preme gada-gada

bhakativinoda dekhe gorara sampada

(7) Lord Shiva, Shukadeva Gosvami, and Narada Muni are all there, and their voices are choked with the ecstasy of transcendental love. Thus Thakura Bhaktivinoda envisions the glory of Lord Shri Chaitanya.

Shri Nama-kirtana

Chanting of the Holy Names

(from Gitavali)


yashomati-nandana, braja-baro-nagara,

gokula-ranjana kana

gopi-parana-dhana, madana-manohara,


1) Lord Krishna is the beloved son of mother Yashoda; the transcendental lover in the land of Vraja; the delight of Gokula; Kana [a nickname of Krishna]; the wealth of the lives of the gopis. He steals the mind of even Cupid and punishes the Kaliya serpent.


amala harinam amiya-vilasa

vipina-purandara, navina nagara-bora,

bamshi-badana suvasa

(2) These pure, holy names of Lord Hari are full of sweet, nectarean pastimes. Krishna is the Lord of the twelve forests of Vraja, He is ever-youthful and is the best of lovers. He is always playing on a flute, and He is an excellent dresser.


braja-jana-palana, asura-kula-nashana


govinda madhava, navanita-taskara,

sundara nanda-gopala

(3) Krishna is the protector of the inhabitants of Vraja; the destroyer of various demoniac dynasties; the keeper and tender of Nanda Maharaja’s cows; the giver of pleasure to the cows, land, and spiritual senses; the husband of the goddess of fortune; the butter thief; and the beautiful cowherd boy of Nanda Maharaja.


yamuna-tata-cara, gopi-basana-hara,

rasa-rasika, kripamoya

shri-radha-vallabha, brindabana-natabara,


(4) Krishna wanders along the banks of the River Yamuna. He stole the garments of the young damsels of Vraja who were bathing there. He delights in the mellows of the rasa dance; He is very merciful; the lover and beloved of Shrimati Radharani; the great dancer of Vrindavana; and the shelter and only refuge of Thakura Bhaktivinoda.

 Ohe! Vaishnava Thakura

(from Sharanagati)



vaishnaba thakura, doyara sagara,

e dase koruna kori’

diya pada-chaya, shodho he amaya,

tomara carana dhori

1) 0 venerable Vaishnava, O ocean of mercy, be merciful unto your servant. Give me the shade of your lotus feet and purify me. I hold on to your lotus feet.


chaya bega domi’, chaya dosha shodhi’,

chaya guna deho’ dase

chaya sat-sanga, deho’ he amare,

boshechi sangera ashe

2) Teach me to control my six passions; rectify my six faults, bestow upon me the six qualities, and offer unto me the six kinds of holy association.


ekaki amara, nahi paya bala,


tumi kripa kori’, shraddha-bindu diya,

deho’ krishna-nama-dhane

3) I do not find the strength to carry on alone the sankirtana of the holy name of Hari. Please bless me by giving me just one drop of faith with which to obtain the great treasure of the holy name of Krishna.


krishna se tomara, krishna dite paro,

tomara shakati ache

ami to’ kangala, ‘krishna’ ‘krishna’ boli’,

dhai tava pache pache

4) Krishna is yours; you have the power to give Him to me. I am simply running behind you shouting, "Krishna! Krishna!"


*The six passions are those pertaining to words, the mind, anger, the tongue, the stomach and the genitals. The six faults are overeating, attachment to material things, inability to follow regulative principles, sense gratification, useless idle talk, and impure habits. The six positive qualities are enthusiasm in practicing devotional service, firm faith in devotional processes, a strong desire to attain prema-bhakti, a favorable service attitude, avoidance of non-devotees, and appreciation of the company of devotees. The six methods of association are to go to an assembly of devotees, to invite devotees into one’s home, to discuss and hear devotional topics, to take the maha-prasada of devotees and to offer maha-prasada to devotees.

Vibhavari Shesha

(from Kalyana-kalpataru)


vibhavari shesha, aloka-pravesha,

nidra chari’ utho jiva

bolo hari hari, mukunda murari,

rama krishna hayagriva

(1) The night has come to an end and the light of dawn is entering. O jiva soul, arise and give up your sleep. Chant the holy names of Lord Hari, who is the giver of liberation; the enemy of the Mura demon; the supreme enjoyer; the all-attractive one; and the horse-headed incarnation, Hayagriva.


nrisimha vamana, shri-madhusudana,

brajendra-nandana shyama

putana-ghatana, kaitabha-shatana,

jaya dasharathi-rama

(2) Lord Hari [Krishna] incarnated as the half-man, half-lion, Nrisimha. He appeared as a dwarf-brahmana named Upendra and is the killer of the Madhu demon. He is the beloved son of the King of Vraja, Nanda Maharaja, and is blackish in complexion. He is the slayer of the Putana witch and the destroyer of the demon Kaitabha. All glories to Lord Hari, who appeared as Lord Rama, the son of King Dasharatha.


yashoda dulala, govinda-gopala,

vrindavana purandara

gopi-priya-jana, radhika-ramana,

bhuvana -sundara-bara

(3) He is the darling of mother Yashoda; the giver of pleasure to the cows, land, and spiritual senses; and the protector of the cows. He is the Lord of the Vrindavana forest; the gopis’ beloved; the lover of Radhika; and the most beautiful personality in all the worlds.


ravanantakara, makhana-taskara,


brajera rakhala, gopa-vrinda-pala,

citta-hari bamshi-dhari

(4) As Ramacandra He brought about the end of the demoniac King Ravana; as Krishna He stole the older gopis’ butter; He stole the younger gopis’ clothes while they were bathing in the Yamuna. He is a cowherd boy of Vraja and the protector of the cowherd boys. He steals the hearts of all and always holds a flute.


yogindra-bandana, shri-nanda-nandana,


navina nirada, rupa manohara,


(5) Lord Krishna is worshiped by the best of yogis and is the son of Nanda. He removes all the fears of the inhabitants of Vraja. He is the color of a fresh rain cloud, and His form is enchanting. When He wanders about, playing His flute, He looks very charming.


yashoda-nandana, kamsa-nisudana,


kadamba-kanana, rasa-parayana,


(6) He is the son of Yashoda and the killer of King Kamsa, and He sports in the rasa dance among the groves of Vraja. Krishna engages in this rasa dance underneath the kadamba trees, and He resides in the forest of Vrindavana.


ananda-vardhana, prema-niketana,

phula-shara-jojaka kama

gopangana-gana, citta-vinodana,


(7) He increases the ecstasy of His devotees. He is the reservoir of all love and is the transcendental Cupid who uses His flowered arrows to increase the loving desires of the gopis. He is the pleasure of the gopis’ hearts and the abode of all wonderful qualities.


jamuna-jivana, keli-parayana,


nama-sudha-rasa, gao krishna-jasha

rakho vacana mana mora

(8) Lord Krishna is the life of the River Yamuna. He is always absorbed in amorous pastimes, and He is the moon of the gopis’ minds, which are like the cakora birds that subsist only upon moonlight. O mind, obey these words of mine and sing the glories of Shri Krishna in the form of these holy names, which are full of nectarean mellows.

Amar Jivan

My Life

(from Sharanagati)


amara jivana, sada pape rata,

nahiko punyera lesha

parere udvega, diyachi ye koto,

diyachi jivere klesha

1) I am an impious sinner and have caused others great anxiety and trouble.


nija sukha lagi’, pape nahi òori,

daya-hina svartha-paro

para-sukhe duhkhi, sada mithya-bhashi,

para-duhkha sukha-karo

2) I have never hesitated to perform sinful acts for my own enjoyment. Devoid of all compassion, concerned only with my own selfish interests, I am remorseful seeing others happy. I am a perpetual liar, and the misery of others is a source of great pleasure for me.


ashesha kamana, hridi majhe mora,

krodhi, dambha-parayana

mada-matta sada, vishaye mohita,

himsa-garva vibhushana

3) The material desires within the core of my heart are unlimited. I am wrathful, devoted to false pride and arrogance, intoxicated by vanity, and bewildered by worldly affairs. Envy and egotism are the ornaments I wear.


nidralasya hata, sukarye virata,

akarye udyogi ami

pratishtha lagiya, shathya-acarana,

lobha-hata sada kami

4) Ruined by laziness and sleep, I resist all pious deeds; yet I am very active and enthusiastic to perfrom wicked acts. For worldly fame and reputation I engage in the practice of deceitfulness. Thus I am destroyed by my own greed and am always lustful.


e heno durjana, saj-jana-varjita,

aparadhi nirantara

shubha-karya-shunya, sadanartha-manah,

nana duhkhe jara jara

5) A vile, wicked man such as this, rejected by godly people, is a constant offender. I am such a person, devoid of all good works, forever inclined toward evil, worn out and wasted by various miseries.


bardhakye ekhona, upaya-vihina,

ta’te dina akincana

bhakativinoda, prabhura carane,

kore duhkha nivedana

6) Now in old age, deprived of all means of success, humbled and poor, Bhaktivinoda submits his tale of grief at the feet of the Supreme Lord.



by His Divine Grace

 A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada


Amara jivana sada pape rata nahiko punyera lesha. This is a song sung by Bhaktivinoda Thakura in Vaishnava humbleness. A Vaishnava is always meek and humble. So he is describing the life of the people in general, taking himself to be one of them. He says that “My life is always engaged in sinful activities, and if you try to find out, you will not find even a trace of pious activities—only sinful activities.” And parere udvega, diyachi ye koto, diyachi jivere klesha: “I am always inclined to give trouble to other living entities. That is my business. I want to see that others are suffering, and then I enjoy.” Nija sukha lagi’, pape nahi òori: “For my personal sense gratification, I accept any kind of sinful activity.” Daya-hina svartha-paro: “I am not at all merciful, and I see only to my personal interest.” Para-sukhe duhkhi, sada mithya-bhashi: “As such, when others are suffering I become very happy, and I am always speaking lies. Even for ordinary tbings I am accustomed to speaking lies.” Para-duhkha sukha-karo: “And if someone is suffering, that is very pleasant to me.” Ashesha kamana, hridi majhe mora: “I have got lots of desires within my heart, and I am always angry and falsely prestigious, always puffed up with false pride.” Mada-matta sada vishaye mohita: “I am captivated by subject matters of sense gratification, and I am almost crazy.” Himsa-garva vibhushana: “My ornaments are enviousness and false pride.” Nidralasya hata, sukarye virata: “I am conquered by sleep and laziness, and I am always averse to pious activities.” Akarye udyogi ami: “And I am very enthusiastic to perform impious activities.” Pratishtha lagiya shathya-acarana: “I always cheat others for my prestige.” Lobha-hata sada kami: “I am conquered by greediness and always lusty.” E heno durjana saj-jana-varjita: “I am so fallen, and I have no association with devotees.” Aparadhi nirantara: “I am an offender always.” Shubha-karya-shunya: “In my life there is not a bit of auspicious activity”; sadanartha manah: “and my mind is always attracted by something mischievous.” Nana duhkhe jara jara: “Therefore, at the fag end of my life I am almost invalid by all such sufferings.” Bardhakye ekhona upaya-vihina: “Now in my old age I have no alternative”; ta’te dina akincana: “therefore by force I have now become very humble and meek.” Bhakativinoda prabhura carane, kore duhkha nivedana: “Thus Bhaktivinoda Thakura is offering his sad statement of his life’s activities at the lotus feet of the Supreme Lord.”

Anadi Karama Phale

“The Reactions of Beginningless Karma”

(from Gitavali)


anadi’ karama-phale, paòi’ bhavarnara jale,

taribare na dekhi upaya

ei vishaya-halahale, diva-nishi hiya jvale,

mana kabhu sukha nahi paya

1) I have fallen into the ocean of material existence as a result of my selfish activities, which are without beginning, and I see no means of deliverance from this great ocean of nescience. Day and night my heart burns from the poison of these worldly activities, and on account of this my mind never finds any satisfaction or happiness.


asha-pasha-shata-shata, klesha deya avirata,

pravritti-urmira tahe khela

kama-krodha-adi chaya, batapaòe deya bhaya,

avasana hoilo asi’ bela

2) Hundreds and thousands of desires, like nooses around my neck, constantly give me misery and trouble. In that great ocean of nescience play the waves of materialistic tendency. In this world there are many thieves and rogues, of whom six are prominent; lust, anger, greed, illusion, and madness. They are causing me great fear, and in this way my life is coming to an end.


jnana-karma-thaga dui, more pratariya loi,

avasheshe phele sindhu-jale

e heno samaye, bandhu, tumi krishna kripa-sindhu,

kripa kori’ tolo more bale

3) The two highway robbers, mental speculation and fruitive activity, have cheated me and misled me, and finally they are throwing me into the ocean of misery. At such a time as this, my dear Krishna, You are the only friend, and You are the ocean of mercy and compassion. I have no strength to get out of this ocean of nescience, so I pray to Your lotus feet that You will be kind and by Your strength uplift me from this ocean of suffering.


patita-kinkare dhari’, pada-padma-dhuli kari’,

deho bhaktivinoda ashraya

ami tava nitya-dasa, bhuliya mayara pasha,

baddha ho’ye achi dayamaya

4) Accept this fallen servant and fix me as a particle of dust on Your lotus feet. Kindly give me shelter to this Bhaktivinoda. O most merciful Lord, actually I am Your eternal servant, but having forgotten this I have become bound up in the network of maya.



by His Divine Grace

 A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada


Anadi karama-phale paòi’ bhavarnava-jale taribare na dekhi upaya. This is a song sung by Bhaktivinoda Thakura depicting the conditioned soul. Bhaktivinoda Thakura is presenting himself as one of the ordinary human beings, saying “Due to my past fruitive activities, I have now fallen into this ocean of nescience, and I do not find any means of coming out of this great ocean.” Ei vishaya-halahale: “It is just like an ocean of poison.” If one takes some pungent food, it burns the heart. Similarly, although we are trying to be happy by sense enjoyment, actually our situation is becoming just the opposite, and the effort is causing our hearts to burn. And diva-nishi hiya jvale: “That burning sensation is going on day and night, twenty-four hours a day.” Mana kabhu sukha nahi paya: “And on account of this my mind is not at all satisfied.” Asha-pasha-shata-shata klesha deya avirata: “I am always making hundreds and thousands of plans to become happy, but actually all of these plans give me pain, twenty-four hours a day.” Pravritti-urmira tahe khela: “My position is exactly like one who is being dashed again and again by the waves of the ocean.” Kama-krodha-adi chaya, batapaòe deya bhaya: “Besides that, there are so many thieves and rogues. Especially they are six in number—namely lust, anger, greed, envy, illusion, and madness. They are always present, and I am afraid of them. “Avasana hoilo asi’ bela: “In this way my life is becoming advanced, or in other words I am coming to the point of the end of my life.” Jnana-karma-thaga dui, more pratariya loi: “Although this is my position, still, two kinds of activities are cheating me, namely mental speculation and fruitive activities.” (Thaga means “cheater.”) And avasheshe phele sindhu-jale: “After misleading me, they bring me to the seashore and push me down within the sea.” E heno samaye bandhu, tumi krishna kripa-sindhu: “Under the circumstances, my dear Krishna, you are my only friend, and You are an ocean of mercy.” Kripa kori’ tolo more bale: “I have no strength to get out of this ocean of nescience, so I pray unto Your lotus feet that by Your strength You kindly pick me up.” Patita-kinkare dhari’ pada-padma-dhuli kari’: “After all, I am Your eternal servant. Somehow or other I have fallen into this ocean, so kindly pick me up and fix me as one of the particles of dust at Your lotus feet.” Deho bhaktivinoda ashraya: Bhaktivinoda Thakura entreats, “Kindly give me shelter at Your lotus feet.” Ami tava nitya-dasa: “I am Your eternal servant.” Bhuliya mayara pasha: “Somehow or other I forgot You, and I have now fallen into the network of maya.” Baddha ho’ye achi dayamaya: “My dear Lord, I have become entangled in this way. Kindly save me.”

Bhuliya Tomare

Forgetting You

(from Sharanagati)


bhuliya tomare, samsare asiya,

peye nana-vidha byatha

tomara carane, asiyachi ami,

bolibo duhkehera katha

(1) O Lord, forgetting You and coming to this material world, I have experienced a host of sins and sorrows. Now I approach Your lotus feet and submit my tale of woe.


janani jathare, chilama jakhona,

bishama bandhana-pashe

eka-bara prabhu! dekha diya more,

vancile e dina dase

(2) While I was bound up tightly in the unbearable confines of my mother’s womb, O Lord, You once revealed Yourself before me. After appearing briefly, You abandoned this poor servant of Yours.


takhona bhavinu, janama paiya,

koribo bhajana tava

janama hoilo, paòi’ maya-jale,

na hoilo jnana-lava

(3) At that moment I thought, “After my birth this time, I will surely worship You with undivided attention.” But alas, after taking birth I fell into the entangling network of worldly illusions; thus I possessed not even a drop of true knowledge.


adarera chele, sva-janera kole,

hasiya katanu kala

janaka janani-snehete bhuliya,

samsara lagilo bhalo

(4) As a dear son fondled in the laps of attentive relatives, I passed my time smiling and laughing. The affection of my father and mother helped me forget You still more, and I began to think that the material world was a very nice place.


krame dina dina, balaka hoiya,

bhelinu balaka-saha

ara kichu dine, jnana upajilo,

patha poòi ahar-ahah

(5) Day by day I gradually grew into a young boy and began playing with other boys. Soon my powers of understanding emerged, so I diligently studied my school lessons every day.


vidyara gaurave, bhrami’ deshe deshe,

dhana uparjana kori

sva-jana palana, kori eka-mane,

bhulinu tomare, hari!

(6) Proud of my accomplished education, I later traveled from place to place and earned much wealth. Thereby maintaining my family with undivided attention, I forgot You, O Lord Hari!


bardhakye ekhona, bhakativinoda,

kandiya katara ati

na bhajiya tore, dina britha gelo,

ekhona ki have gati?

(7) Now in old age, this Bhaktivinoda very sadly weeps as death approaches. I failed to worship You, O Lord, and instead passed my days in vain. What will be my fate now?

Narada Muni Bajay Vina

 “Narada Muni Plays His Vina”

(from Gitavali)


narada muni, bajay vina


nama amani, udita haya,


(1) When the great soul Narada Muni plays his stringed vina, the holy name of Radhika-ramana descends and immediately appears amidst the kirtana of the Lord’s devotees.


amiya-dhara, barishe ghana,

shravana-yugale giya

bhakata jana, saghane nace,

bhoriya apana hiya

(2) Like a monsoon cloud, the holy name showers pure nectar into their ears. Due to great ecstasy, all the devotees enthusiastically dance to their heart’s content.


madhuri-pura, asava pashi’,

mataya jagata-jane

keho va kande, keho va nace,

keho mate mane mane

(3) All the inhabitants of the universe become maddened upon entering these intoxicating showers of divine sweetness. Some people cry, some dance, and others become fully intoxicated within their minds.


panca-vadana, narade dhori’,

premera saghana rol

kamalasana, naciya bole,

‘bolo bolo hari bolo’

(4) Five-faced Lord Shiva embraces Narada Muni and repeatedly shouts in ecstasy, while Lord Brahma dances very ecstatically and exclaims, “All of you chant ‘Haribol! Haribol!’”


sahasranana, parama-sukhe,

‘hari hari’ boli’ gaya

nama-prabhave, matilo vishva,

nama-rasa sabe paya

(5) In supreme happiness, thousand-faced Ananta Shesha sings and calls out, “Hari! Hari!” By the influence of the transcendental vibration of the holy name, the whole universe becomes mad with ecstasy as everyone relishes the mellows of the holy name.


shri-krishna-nama, rasane sphuri’,

pura’lo amar asha

shri-rupa-pade, yacaye iha,


(6) The holy name of Shri Krishna has fulfilled all my desires by thus manifesting on everyone’s tongue. Bhakativinoda, the humble servant of the Lord, therefore prays at the feet of Shri Rupa Goswami that the chanting of harinama may always continue in this way.


by His Divine Grace

 A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada


This is a song sung by Bhaktivinoda Thakura. The purport of this song is that the great soul Narada Muni is playing on his stringed instrument, called the vina, and vibrating Radhika-ramana, one of Krishna’s names. So, as soon as he plucks the strings and chants, all the devotees immediately respond to him, and it becomes a very beautiful vibration. Amiya-dhara, barishe ghana. As the singing goes on with the stringed instrument, it appears that there is a shower of nectar, and all the devotees then dance in ecstasy to the fullest extent of their satisfaction. Then, as they dance, it appears that they become intoxicated by drinking the beverage called madhuri pura. And as one becomes almost mad by drinking, similarly, all the devotees became mad in ecstasy. And some of them are crying, and some of them are dancing, and some of them, although they cannot dance publicly, are dancing within their hearts. Then Lord Shiva embraces Narada Muni and begins to dance and cry out in ecstasy, and when Lord Brahma sees Lord Shiva dancing with Narada Muni, he joins in and says, “All of you kindly chant ‘Haribol! Haribol!’” Then gradually the king of heaven, Indra, also joins in with great satisfaction and begins to dance and to chant “Hari hari bol!”

In this way, by the influence of the transcendental vibration of the holy name of God, the whole universe becomes ecstatic, and Bhaktivinoda Thakura says, “When the whole universe becomes ecstatic in this way, my desires are satisfied, and I therefore pray unto the lotus feet of Rupa Gosvami that the chanting of harinama may go on nicely like this.”