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Patala Six Shri Krishna-sahasra-nama
A Thousand Names of Shri Krishna
kathitam me tvaya deva
shri-naradah uvaca-Shri Narada said; kathitam-told; me-to me; tvaya-by you; deva-O lord; hari-namanukirtanam-the glorification of Lord Hari's holy name; papa-sins; apaham-removing; maha-great; saukhyam-happiness; bhagavat-of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; bhakti-devotional service; karanam-the cause.
Shri Narada said: O lord, you have described to me the chanting of the glories of Lord Hari's holy name, which removes sins, brings great happiness, and brings devotion to the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
tatraham yani namani
tany aham jnatum icchami
tatra-there; aham-I; yani-which; namani-names; kirtayami-I glorify; surottama-O best of the demigods; tany-them; aham-I; jnatum-to know; icchami-wish; sakalyena-completely; kutuhalat-with a yearning to know.
O best of the demigods, I chant some names of the Lord, but now I yearn to know them all.
bhumy-ambu-tejasam ye vai
paramanun api dvija
shakyante ganitum bhuyo
janmabhir na harer gunan
shri-shivah uvaca-Shri Shiva said; bhumy-of earth; ambu-water; tejasam-and fire; ye-which; vai-indeed; paramanun-atoms; api-even; dvija-O brahmana; shakyante-is able; ganitum-to count; bhuyah-more; janmabhih-by births; na-not; hareh-of Lord Hari; gunan-the qualities.
O brahmana, if one is somehow able to count the atoms of earth, water and fire (in the universe), even in many births he cannot count the qualities of Lord Hari.
tathapi mukhyam vakshyami
namnam sahasram parvatyai
yad ihoktam kripaluna
tathapi-still; mukhyam-the most important; vakshyami-I will speak; shri-vishnoh-of Lord Vishnu; paramadbhutam-very wonderful; namnam-of the names; sahasram-a thousand; parvatyai-to Parvati; yat-what; iha-here; uktam-told; kripaluna-merciful.
Still, I will tell you the most important, most wonderful thousand names of Lord Vishnu, which the merciful Supreme Lord previously told Parvati.
samadhi-nishtham mam drishtva
apricchat paramam devam
samadhi-nishtham-rapt in meditation; mam-me; drishtva-seeing; parvati-Parvati; vara-varnani-exalted; aprcchat-said; paramam-to the supreme; devam-Lord; bhagavantam-the Supreme Personality of Godhead; jagad-gurum-the master of the universes.
Seeing that In was rapt in meditation, exalted Parvati asked a question of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the master of the universes.
tada tasyai maya prokto
namnam sahasram ca tatha
tada-then; tasyai-to her; maya-by me; proktah-previously described; mat-parah-worshiped by me; jagad-ishvarah-the master of the universes; namnam-of names; sahasram-a thousand; ca-and; tatha-so; guna-qualities; karma-and activities; anusaratah-according to.
Then the Supreme Lord, the master of the universes, whom I have already described, and who is the object of my worship, told her a thousand names that describe His qualities and activities.
tad aham te 'bhivakshyami
puman siddhim avapnuyat
tat-that; aham-I; te-to you; abhivakshyami-will speak; maha-bhagavatah-a great devotyee; bhavan-you; yasya-of whom; eka-once; smaranena-by remembering; eva-indeed; puman-a person; siddhim-perfection; avapnuyat-attains.
Because you are a great devoteee of the Lord I will tell you those names. By once remembering them a person attains perfection.
krishnam purana-purusham manasa smarami
udyan-rising; navina-new; jalada-cloud; abham-splendor; akuntha-in the spiritual world; dhishnyam-whose home; vidyotita-blazing; anala-fire; manohara-beautiful; pita-yellow; vasam-garments; bhasvat-shining; mayukha-light; mukuta-crown; angada-armlets; hara-necklaces; yuktam-with; kanci-kalapa-belt; valaya-bracelets; anguribhih-with rings; vibhatam-splendid; brahmadi-headed by Brhama; deva-gana-by the demigods; vandita-bowed down; pada-feet; padmam-lotus; shri-by the goddess of fortune; sevitam-served; sakala-all; sundara-sannivesham-handsome; gah-cows; gopa-gopas; gopavanita-gopis; muni-vrinda-and sages; jushtam-worshiped; krishnam-Krishna; purana-purusham-the ancient Supreme Person; manasa-with the heart; smarami-I remember.
In my heart I meditate on Shri Krishna, the ancient Supreme Person, splendid as a rising new cloud, His home the spiritual world, wearing beautiful yellow garments splendid as a blazing fire, a splendid crown, armlets, necklaces, belt, bracelet, and ring, His lotus feet worshiped by Brahma and the demigods, served by the goddess of fortune, possessing all handsomeness, and worshiped by the cows, gopas, gopis, and sages.
om namo vasudevaya
om-Om; namah-obeisances; vasudevaya-to the son of Vasudeva; krishnaya-Krishna; paramatmane-the Supersoul; pranata-to they who bow down; klesha-sufferings; samhartre-removing; paramananda-transcendental bliss; dayine-giving.
Om. Obeisances to Vasudeva's son, Shri Krishna, the all-pervading Supersoul, who removes the sufferings of they who bow before Him, and gives great transcendental bliss.
om krishnah shripatih shriman
shridata shrikarah shrisah
Om. The Supreme Personality of Godhead is all-attractive (krishna), the husband of the goddess of fortune (shripati), handsome (shriman), the maintainer of the goddess of fortune (shridhara), the abode of happiness for the goddess of fortune (shrisukhashraya), the giver of transcendental opulences (shridata), the master of the goddess of fortune (shrikara and shrisah), served by the goddess of fortune (shrisevya), and the object of meditation for the goddess of fortune (shrivibhavana).
paramatma param brahma
paranandah param dhama
He is the Supersoul (paramatma), the Supreme Brahman (param brahma), the supreme master (paresha and parameshvara), the supreme bliss (parananda), the supreme abode (param dhama), and the giver of supreme bliss (paramananda-dayaka).
He is independent (niralamba and niravagraha), without a material form (nirakara), untouched by matter (nirlepa), full of transcendental bliss (nityananda), eternally liberated (nitya-mukta), free of material actions (niriha), and dear to they who have no material desires (nispriha-priya).
priya-kirtih priyat priyah
He speaks pleasantly (priyamvada), is affectionate (priyakara, priyada, and priyasanjana), is a follower of His dear devotees (priyanuga and priyalambi), glorifies His dear devotees (priya-kirti), and is dearer than the dearest (priyat priya).
mahatma mahatam shreshtho
He is the greatest renunciant (maha-tyagi), the greatest enjoyer (maha-bhogi), the greatest yogi (maha-yogi), the greatest performer of austerities (maha-tapah), the greatest person (mahatma), the greatest of the great (mahatam shreshtho), the great master of the worlds (maha-loka-pati), and the greatest (mahan).
His desires are all fulfilled (siddhartha and siddha-sankalpa). He gives perfection (siddhida), is attained by they who are perfect (siddhi-sadhana), and is the master of the perfect (siddhesha), the goal of the path of perfection (siddha-margagra), and the only protector of the realm where the perfect beings live (siddha-lokaika-palaka).
ishto vishishtah shishteshto
jyeshthah shreshthash ca sarveshto
vishnur bhrajishnur avyayah
He is the object of worship (ishta), the greatest (vishishta), worshiped by the wise (shishtesht), the greatest (mahishtha), the greatest victor (jishnu-sattama), the eldest (jyeshtha), the best (shreshtha), worshiped by all (sarveshta), all-pervading (vishnu), the most glorious (bhrajishnu), and eternal (avyaya).
vibhuh shambhuh prabhur bhuma
pritiman priti-data ca
He is all-powerful (vibhu), happy (shambhu), the master (prabhu), the master of the earth (bhuma), self-born (svambhu), the form of transcendental bliss (svananda-murtiman), and affectionate (pritiman, priti-data, pritida, and priti-vardhana).
He is the master of yoga (yogeshvara), approached by performance of yoga (yoga-gamya), the master of the yogis (yogisha), the farther shore attained by performing yoga (yoga-paraga), the giver of yoga (yoga-data), the master of yoga (yoga-pati), and the giver of yogic perfections (yoga-siddhi-vidhayaka).
He is truthful (satya-vrata and satya-para). He is present in the three phases of cosmic manifestation-creation, maintenance, and annihilation (tri-satya). He is the cause of the creation (satya-karana), the shelter in which the creation rests (satyashraya), and the destroyer of the creation (satya-hara). He is the protector of the creation (sat-pali). He makes the creation prosper (satya-vardhana).
He is all bliss (sarvananda), He removes everything (sarva-hara), He is present everywhere (sarvaga), He controls everything (sarva-vashya-krit) and protects everything (sarva-pata), He is all happiness (sarva-sukha), and He is the ocean of all the Vedas (sarva-shruti-ganarnava).
He protects the people from many sufferings (janardana). He is the master of the universes (jagannatha), the protector of the universes (jagat-trata), the father of the universes (jagat-pita), the creator of the universes (jagat-karta), the maintainer of the universes (jagad-dharta), and the personified bliss of the universes (jagad-ananda-murtiman).
svar-patir jagatam patih
He is the master of the earth (dhara-pati), the master of the planets (loka-pati), the master of the heavenly planets (svar-pati), the master of the universes (jagatam pati), the master of knowledge (vidya-pati), the master of wealth (vitta-pati), the master of the devotees (sat-pati), and the master of the goddess of fortune (kamala-pati).
He appears in four forms (catur-atma and catur-vyuha), has four arms (catur-bahu), gives the results of action to the four kinds of men (catur-varga-phala-prada), resides in four abodes (catur-dhama), and creates the four yugas (catur-yuga-vidhayaka).
deva-krid deva-bhrid devo
He is the first of Deities (adi-devo), the master of the demigods (deva-deva and devesha), the maintainer of the demigods (deva-dharana and deva-bhrid), the creator of the demiogds (deva-krid), the Supreme Lord (deva), and the Lord whose lotus feet the demigods praise (devedita-padambuja).
He is the master of the universes (vishveshvara and vishva-nayaka), the form of the universes (vishva-rupi), the soul of the universes (vishvatma), all-pervading, with His faces everywhere in the universes (vishvato-mukha), the creator of the universes (vishva-su), the giver of results to the residents of the universes (vishva-phala-da), and present everywhere in the universes (vishvaga).
bhuta-krid bhuta-bhrid bhavo
He is the creator of the living entities (bhuta-krit and bhuta-bhavana), the maintainer of the living entities (bhuta-bhrit), the supreme being (bhava), the Supersoul present in the living entities (bhutatma), the giver of powers and opulences (bhutida), the expander of powers and opulences (bhuti-vistara), the personification of powers and opulences (vibhutir), and the protector of powers and opulences (bhuti-palaka).
He is the resting place of the living entities (narayana and nara-shayi), the father of the living entities (nara-su), the life of the living entities (nara-jivana), the only giver of the results of work to the living entities (naraika-phala-da), the giver of liberation to the living entities (nara-mukti-da), and the leader of the living entities (nara-nayaka).
He has thousands of forms (sahasra-rupa and sahasra-vigraha), thousands of names (sahasra-nama), thousands of heads (sahasra-shirsha), and thousands of feet, eyes, arms, and heads (sahasra-padakshi-bhuja-shirshavan).
His navel is a lotus (padma-nabha), the lotus is born from Him (padma-garbha and padmi), His eyes are like the lotus (padma-nibhekshana), He rests on a lotus (padma-shayi), He wears a lotus garland (padma-mali), and His feet bear the signs of lotuses (padmankita-pada-dvaya).
viryavan sthairyavan vagmi
shauryavan dhairyavan kshami
dhiman dharma-paro bhogi
He is powerful (viryavan), steady (sthairyavan), eloquent (vagmi), heroic (shauryavan), patient (dhairyavan), tolerant (kshami), intelligent (dhiman), religious (dharma-para), the greatest enjoyer (bhogi), full of all opulences (bhagavan), and the killer of fears (bhaya-nashana).
jayanto vijayo jeta
amani manado manyo
He is victorious (jayanta, vijaya, and jeta), the giver of vitory (jayada and jaya-vardhana), humble (amani), respectful (manada), worshipable (manya), glorious (mahimavan), and very powerful (maha-bala).
satushtas toshado data
jnani yashasvan dhritiman
He is satisfied (satushta), the giver of satisfaction (toshada), generous (data), the supreme controller (damana), kind to the poor and fallen (dina-vatsala), wise (jnani), famous (yashasvan), patient (dhritiman), and the shelter of great strength (maha-ojo-balashraya).
He appeared as the Hayagriva incarnation (hayagriva). He is very powerful (maha-teja), a great ocean of transcendental pastimes (maharnava-vinoda-krit), the killer of Madhu and Kaitabha (madhu-kaitabha-vidhvamsi), the author of the Vedas (veda-krid), and the protector of the Vedas (veda-palaka).
sanandash ca sanatanah
He is Sanat-kumara (sanat-kumara), Sanaka-kumara (sanaka), Sananda-kumara (sananda), and Sanatana-kumara (sanatana). He observes an unbroken vow of celibacy (akhanda-brahma-vratavan), He is the Supersoul (atma), and He is the philosopher of yoga (yoga-vicaraka).
He is Narada Muni (shri-narada and deva-rishi), He teaches how to act without incurring karmic results (karmakarma-pravartaka), He is the author of the Satvata Tantra (satvatagama-krit), and He teaches the people what is auspicious and what is not auspicious (loka-hitahita-prasucaka).
He is a transcendental boar (adi-kola), the beneficiary of the Vedic sacrifices (yajna-tattvam), the boar born from Brahma's nostril (dhatri-nasa-putodbhava), the boar that lifted the earth in its tusk (dantagra-nyasta-bhu-gola), and the killer of Hiranyaksha's strength (hiranyaksha-balantaka).
He is the master of the earth (prithvi-pati), very powerful (shighra-vega), the Lord whose bodily pores are great oceans (romantar-gata-sagara), the Lord whose breathing makes the golden mountains tremble (svasavadhuta-hemadri), and the master of the Prajapatis (prajapati-pati).
He is endless (ananta), the maintainer of the earth (dharani-bharta), the Lord who resides in Patalaloka (patala-tala-vasa-krit), the fire of time (kalagni-javana), the king of the kings of snakes (naga-raja-raja), and very splendid (maha-dyuti).
He appeared as Lord Kurma (maha-kurma), the universe is His body (vishva-kaya), He is the maintainer of Lord Shesha (shesha-dhrik), He protects all (sarva-palaka), He is the master of the pitas (loka-pitri-ganadhisha), and His feet are glorified by the pitas (pitri-stuta-maha-pada).
He is merciful (kripamaya), self-manifested (svayam-vyakti), Dhruva is full of love for Him (dhruva-priti-vivardhana), Dhruva offers prayers to His feet (dhruva-stuta-pada), He grants residence in Vishnuloka (vishnu-loka-da), and He is worshiped by the worlds (loka-pujita).
He appeared as Lord Shukla (shuklah). Kardama Muni performed austerities to please Him (kardama-santapta). He is pleased at heart by austerities (tapas-toshita-manasa). He fulfills the heart's desires (mano-'bhishta-prada). He is a lake filled with drops of happiness (harsha-bindv-ancita-sarovara).
He is sacrifice personified (yajna), the master of the demigods (sura-ganadhisha), the killer of the Daityas and Danavas (daitya-danava-ghataka), the protector of the Manus (manu-trata), and the protector of the people (loka-pala). He has taken birth to protect the people (loka-palaka-janma-krit).
He is bears the name Kapila (kapilakhya). He is the protector of the sankhya philosophy (sankhya-pata), the son of Kardama Muni (kardamanga-samudbhava), the master of all mystic perfections (sarva-siddhi-ganadhisha), and the Lord who gave liberation to Devahuti (devahuti-gati-prada).
datto 'tri-tanayo yogi
He is Dattatreya (datta), the son of Atri Muni (atri-tanaya). He is the greatest yogi (yogi), the teacher of the path of yoga (yoga-marga-pradarshaka), the bliss of Anasuya (anasuyananda-kara), and the object of the prayers of all the yogis (sarva-yogi-jana-stuta).
He is Narayana Rishi (narayana), Nara Rishi (nara-rishi), the son of Dharma (dharma-putra), very intelligent (maha-manah), the person who defeated Lord Shiva's spear (mahesha-shula-damana), and the person who gave to Lord Shiva a benediction (maheshaika-vara-prada).
He performs austerities until the end of the kalpa (akalpanta-tapa), He is a great philosopher (dhira), He subdues the passion of Kamadeva and others who are passionate (manmathadi-madapaha), He created Urvashi (urvashi-srik), He defeated Kamadeva (jitananga), and He is dear to Markandeya Muni (marakandeya-priya-prada).
He is Rishabha (rishabha), the delight of Maharaja Nabhi (nabhi-sukhada), the dear son of Meru-devi (meru-devi-priyatmaja), the creator of the brahmanas and the kings of the yogis (yogi-raja-dvija-srashta), and the teacher of yoga (yoga-carya-pradarshaka).
He has eight arms (ashta-bahu), He purified Daksha's yajna (daksha-yajna-pavana), He is kind to all (akhila-sat-krita), He mediated the quarrel between Shiva and Daksha (dakshesha-dvesha-shamana), and He gave transcendental knowledge to Daksha (daksha-jnana-pradayaka).
He was born in the dynasty of King Priyavrata (priyavrata-kulotpanna), He bore the name Gaya (gaya-nama), He is very famous (maha-yasha), He performs great deeds (udara-karma), He knows everything (bahu-vit), and He is a great ocean of transcendental virtues (maha-guna-ganarnava).
He appears in the form of a swan (hamsa-rupi), speaks the truth (tattva-vakta), distinguishes virtue from vice (gunaguna-vivecaka), comforts Brahma's embarrassment (dhatri-lajja-prashamana), and is dear to the brahmacaris (brahmacari-jana-priya).
vaishyah prithuh prithvi-dogdha
He is the farmer (vaishya), King Prithu (prithu), who milked the earth (prithvi-dogdha), gave milk to all living entities (sarva-jivana-doha-krit), is the first king (adi-raja), gave shelter to the living entities (janavasa-karaka), and leveled the earth (bhu-sami-kara).
His feet were glorified by the Pracetas (praceto-'bhishtuta-pada), His form is peaceful (shanta-murti), He is handsome (sudarshana), He is the king of the host of days and nights (diva-ratri-ganadhisha), and He is the shelter of the people of Ketumala-varsha (ketumala-janashraya).
He is Kamadeva (shri-kamadeva), He enjoys amorous pastimes with the goddess of fortune (kamala-kama-keli-vinoda-krit), He gives love for His feet (sva-pada-rati-da), He fulfills desires and brings happiness (abhishta-sukha-da), and He destroys sufferings (duhkha-nashana).
vibhur dharma-bhritam shreshtho
He is all-powerful (vibhu), He is the best of they who uphold the principles of religion (dharma-bhritam shreshtha), the Vedas are His head (veda-shirsha), the brahmanas are His sons (dvijatmaja), and He is the teacher of eighty-thousand sages (ashtashiti-sahasranam muninam upadesha-da).
He is Satyasena (satya-sena), He burned the yakshas and rakshasas (yaksha-raksho-dahana), He is the protector of the poor and wretched (dina-palaka), He kills the enemies of Inrda, Mitra, and the demigods (indra-mitra-surari-ghna), and He is the son of Dharma and Sunrita (sunrita-dharma-nandana).
He takes away all that is inauspicious (hari), He protected the best of the elephants (gaja-vara-trata), He killed the crocodile (graha-pasha-vinashaka), He was glorified in the forest of Mount Trikuta (trikutadri-vana-shlaghi), and He brought auspiciousness to all (sarva-loka-hitaishana).
He is the son of Vikuntha-devi (vaikuntha), He brought glorious happiness (shubhra-sukha-da), He made Vikuntha-devi become very beautiful (vikuntha-sundari-krita), He is dear to the goddess of fortune (rama-priyakara), He is handsome and glorious (shriman), and He reveals Himself to His own devotees (nija-loka-pradarshaka).
He saved the demigods from great sufferings when they were cursed by a brahmana (vipra-shapa-parikhinna-nirjararti-nivarana), He churned the ocean of milk (dugdhabdhi-mathana), He is the greatest brahmana (vipra), He is the son of Vairaja (vairaja-tanaya), and He is invincible (ajita).
He lifted Mount Mandara (mandaradri-dhara), he became a great turtle (kurma), He brought auspiciousness to both the demigods and the demons (deva-danava-sharma-krit), He made Jambudvipa level (jambudvipa-sama), He is the creator (srashta), and He extracted nectar (piyushotpatti-karanam).
He appeared as Dhanvantari (dhanvantari), who cures disease (ruk-shamana and ruk-prashantaka), carries nectar (amrita-dhrik), composes the Ayur Veda (ayur-veda-kara), is the king of physicians (vaidya-raja), and is the giver of medical knowledge (vidya-pradayaka).
He made the demigods fearless (devabhaya-kara), as Mohini-devi He bewildered the demons (daitya-mohini), He assumes any form He wishes, including the form of a girl (kama-rupini), He gave the demigods nectar to drink (girbanamrita-pa), and He cheated the demon Danavas (dushta- daitya-danava-vancaka).
He appeared as a great fish (maha-matsya), who had a gigantic form (maha-kaya), who swan in the shalva ocean (shalvantar-gata-sagara), who defeated the demon enemies of the demigods (devari-daitya-damana), and who protected the rice crop (vrihi-bija-surakshaka).
His tail made great waves in the ocean (puccha-ghata-bhramat-sindhu), He was pleased with Satyavrata (satyavrata-priya-prada), He protected the devoted Satyavrata (bhakta-satyavrata-trata), and He revealed the three Vedas (yoga-traya-pradarshaka).
He appeared as Lord Nrimha (narasimha), who licked His tongue (lola-jihva), whose ears were pointed (shanku-karna), whose claws were powerful weapons (nakhayudha), whose mane was a moving cloud (satavadhuta-jalada), and the splendor of whose teeth eclipsed all other splendor (danta-dyuti-jita-prabha).
He killed Hiranyakashipu (hiranyakashipu-dhvamsi). He killed the pride of many demons (bahu-danava-darpa-ha). His lotus feet were glorified by Prahlada (prahlada-stuta-padabja). For His devotees He kills the sufferings of repeated birth and death (bhakta-samsara-tapa-ha).
His kills the fears of Brahma, Indra, and Shiva (brahmendra-rudra-bhiti-ghna), He acts for the demigods' benefit (deva-karya-prasadhaka), He is glorious like a blazing fire (jvalaj-jalana-shankasha), and He kills all fears (sarva-bhiti-vinashaka).
He kills the greatest sins (maha-kalusha-vidhvamsi), fulfills all desires (sarva-kama-vara-prada), kills the power of time (kala-vikrama-samharta), and kills the sufferings coming from inauspicious astrological conditions (graha-pida-vinashaka).
He cures all diseases (sarva-vyadhi-prashamana), punishes the powerful demons (pracanda-ripu-danda-krit), and removes the sufferings of Shiva, who is afraid of the horrible demons (ugra-bhairava-santrasta-hararti-vinivaraka).
Lord Brahma is His parasol (brahma-carmavrita-shira), Lord Shiva's head is His ankle-bells (shiva-shirshaika-nupura), the heads of the twelve Adityas are His jewels (dvadashaditya-shirshaika-mani), and the protectors of the directions are His ornaments (dik-pala-bhushana).
He is Vamana (vamanq), who killed Aditi's fears (aditi-bhiti-ghna), who is the decoration of the brahmanas (dvijati-gana-mandana), and who on the preText of begging for three steps of land took the opulence of the three worlds from Bali Maharaja (tripada-vyaja-yacnapta-bali-trailokya-sampada).
With His toe He broke an opening in the universe (pannakha-kshata-brahmanda-kataha), His power is without limit (amita-vikrama), He is the father of the sacred Ganges (svardhuni-tirtha-janana), He is worshiped by Brahma (brahma-pujya), and He removes fears (bhayapaha).
The river that flows from His foot destroys a flood of sins (svanghri-vari-hataghaugha), He revealed the universal form (vishva-rupa-pradarshana), He is affectionate to Bali Maharaja (bali-priya-kara), He brings His devotess to the spiritual world (bhakta-svarga-dogdha), and He holds a club (gada-dhara).
He is Jamadagni's son Parashurama, (jamadagnya), who is very powerful (maha-virya), who holds an ax (pashu-bhrit), who defeated Kartaviryarjuna (kartavirya-jit), who defeated a thousand of Kartaviryarjuna's soldiers (sahasrarjuna-samharta), and who killed all the kshatriyas (sarva-kshetra-kulantaka).
He killed all the kshatriyas on the earth (nihkshatra-prithvi-karana), defeated all the heroic warriors (vira-jit), gave the earth's kingdoms to the brahmanas (vipra-rajya-da), taught the Dhanur Veda to Dronacarya (dronastra-veda-pravada), and glorified His guru, Lord Shiva (mahesha-guru-kirti-da).
shri-ramo ramacandrash ca
He is the sun that makes the lotus of the Surya-vamsha bloom (surya-vamshabja-tarani), He is the son of Shri Dasharatha (shrimad-dasharathatmaja), He is Shri Rama (shri-rama, ramacandra, and ramabhadra), and His power is without limit (amita-prabha).
His complexion is dark (nila-varna-pratikasha), He is the life of Kaushalya (kaushalya-prana-jivana), His eyes are lotus flowers (padma-netra), His face is a lotus flower (padma-vaktra), and His lotus feet bear the marks of lotus flowers (padmankita-padambuja).
His arms are long (pralamba-bahu), His limbs are handsome (carv-anga), He wears jewel ornaments (ratna-bharana-bhushita), His garments are splendid (divyambara), His bow is splendid (divya-dhanu), and He controls the best of splendid weapons (dishta-divyastra-paraga).
He holds a sword in His hand (nistrimsha-pani), He is the king of heroes (viresha), His strength has no limit (aparimeya-parakrama), His guru is Vishvamitra (vishvamitra-guru), He holds a bow (dhanvi), and He is best of they who know the Dhanur Veda (dhanur-veda-vid-uttama).
His arrows fly straight and always hit their target (riju-marga-nimnitteshu-sangha-tadita-tadaka), His arma are powerful (su-bahu), and with His great strength He killed many demons (bahu-viryadhya-bahu-rakshasa-ghataka).
He broke Shiva's bow (prapta-candisha-dor-danda-canda-kodanda-khandana), delighted King Janaka (janakananda-janaka), and became Sita's beloved hero (janaki-priya-nayaka).
He killed the pride of His enemies (arati-kula-darpa-ghna), and eclipsed the power of Parashurama (dhvasta-bhargava-vikrama). On His father's order He left the opulence of the kingdom (pitri-vak-tyakta-rajya-shri) and enjoyed a festival of transcendental pastimes as He lived in the forest (vana-vasa-kritotsava).
He defeated the demon Viradha (viradha-radha-damana), lived in a palace on Mount Citrakuta (citrakutadri-mandira), and made Dandakaranya forest auspicious even though it was cursed by a brahmana (dvija-shapa-samucchanna-dandakaranya-sharma-krit).
He killed 114 horrible demons (caturdasha-sahasrogra-rakshasa-ghna). He killed the demon Khara (kharantaka), took away the life of the demon Trishira (trishirah-prana-shamana), and killed many evil demons (dushta-dushana-dushana).
He was troubled by treacherous Marica (cadma-marica-mathana). He suffered in separation from Sita (janaki-viraharti-krit). He performed the funeral ceremony of Jatayu (jatayushah kriya-kari). He expertly killed Kabandha (kabandha-vadha-kovida).
He lived in a cave in Rishyamuka (rishyamuka-guha-vasi). He befriended five monkeys (kapi-pancaka-sakhya-krit). With His left foot He kicked far away the great mountain that was the Dundubhi's skeleton (vama-padagra-nikshipta-dundubhy-asthi-brihad-giri).
He easily broke the seven unbreakable tala trees (sakantakara-durbheda-sapta-tala-prabhedaka). He killed Vali, the king of Kishkindha (kishkindhadhipa-vali-ghna) and gave Vali's kingdom to His own friend Sugriva (mitra-sugriva-rajya-da).
For His sake Hanuman set fire to Lanka with his tail (anjaneya-svalangula-dagdha-lanka-mahodaya). In separation from Sita He became an ocean of tears (sita-viraha-vispashta- rosha-kshobhita-sagara).
He built across the ocean a wonderful bridge made of boulders thrown from the tops of mountains (girikuta-samutkshepa-samudradbhuta-setu-krit). He kicked away Vibhishana's fears (pada-prahara-santrasta- vibhishana-bhayapaha).
Unhappy by hearing Angada's words, He defeated horrible Ravana's army (angadokti-pariklishta-ghora-ravana-sainya-jit). He killed Nikumbha, Kumbha, Dhumraksha, Kumbhakarna, and many other heroic warriors (nikumbha-kumbha-dhumraksha-kumbhakarnadi-vira-ha).
He cut off the ten heads of Ravana, who had madly tried to lift Mount Kailasa (kailasa-sahanonmatta-dashanana-shiro-hara). He was pleased when Sita's purity was proved in the trial by fire (agni-samsparsha-samshuddha-sita-samvaranotsuka).
Leaving the realms of the monkeys and demons, He returned to His own kingdom (kapi-rakshasa-rajanga-prapta-rajya-nijashraya), where He became the king of Ayodhya (ayodhyadhipati), the crown of all kings (sarva-rajanya-gana-shekhara).
His activities were inconceivable (acintya-karma), He was a great king (nripati), He sat on a great throne (prapta-simhasanodaya), He punished the wicked and evil-minded (dushta-durbuddhi-dalana), and He protected the poor and helpless (dina-hinaika-palaka).
He is the source of all opulence and good fortune (sarva-sampatti-janana), He can understand the motives of the crooked (tiryan-nyaya-vivecaka), and he protected a brahmana's son burned by a shudra's terrible austerities (shudra-ghora-tapah-plushta- dvija-putraika-jivana).
His heart was pained by a wicked person's words (dushta-vak-klishta-hridaya), He sent Sita into exile (sita-nirvasa-karaka), He performed many ashvamedha yajnas (turanga-medha-kratu-yat), and His sons were Kusha and Lava (shrimat-kusha-lavatmaja).
For the sake of the truth He left Lakshmana (satyartha-tyakta-saumitra), He brought His associates to the spiritual world (sunnita-jana-sangraha), His glories are earrings worn by the saintly devotees (sat-karna-pura-sat-kirti), and His glories destroy the sins of the world (kirtya lokagha-nashana).
He is Bharata (bharata), who, out of love fro His elder brother's lotus feet, renounced the throne (jyeshtha-padabja-rati-tyakta-nripasana). He gave all auspiciousness to the bona-fide spiritual masters (sarva-sad-guru-sampanna), and He killed millions of Gandharvas (koti-gandharva-nashaka).
He was Lakshmana (lakshmana), who dearly loved His elder brother (jyeshtha-nirata). He killed the demigods' enemies (deva-vairi-ganantaka), He killed Indrajit (indrajit-prana-shamana), He was Rama's brother (bhratriman), and He left His body (tyakta-vigraha).
He was Shatrughna (shatrughna), who defeated His enemies (amitra-shamana), who killed Lavana (lavanantaka-karaka), who was praised by His noble brothers (arya-bhratri-jana-shlaghya), and whose virtues are praised by the saintly devotees (satam shlaghya-gunakara).
He stays on a banyan leaf (vata-patra-puta-sthayi), He is the giver of liberation (shri-mukunda) and the shelter of all (akhilashraya). To Markandeya Rishi He showed the universe present in His slender abdomen (tanudararpita-jagan- mrikanda-tanaya). He stays in the spiritual world (khaga).
He is the first (adya), the first of Deities (deva-ganagranya), and pleased by the prayers and obeisances of His friends (mitra-stuti-nati-priya). He gave a spiritual mantra to the demigods when they were terrified of Vritrasura's horrible body (vritra-ghora-tanu-trasta-deva-san-mantra-sadhaka).
He is the Deity worshiped by the brahmanas (brahmanya), He praises the brahmanas (brahmana-shlaghi), He loves the brahmanas (brahmanya-jana-vatsala), and He protected the Valakhilyas when they fell in the puddle of a cow's hoofprint (gosh-padapsu-galad-gatra- valakhilya-janashraya).
daushmantir yajvanam shreshtho
He was Daushmanti Bharata (daushmanti), who was the best of performers of sacrifice (yajvanam shreshtha). He filled the kings with wonder (nripa-vismaya-karaka), performed many ashvamedha-yajnas (turanga-medha-bahu-krit), and was the corwn of generous philanthropists (vadanya-gana-shekhara).
He was Vasavi's son (vasavi-tanaya), Vyasa (vyasa), who arranged the branches of the Veda (veda-shakha-nirupaka), wrote the Puranas and Mahabharata (purana-bharatacarya), and brought auspiciousness to the people of Kali-yuga (kali-loka-hitaishana).
He was Balarama (balabhadra), who is the delight of Rohini's heart (rohini-hridayananda), and the reservoir of great strength (balashraya). He is the same as Lord Sankarshana (sankarshana), He holds a plow in His hand (sira-pani), His weapon is a club (mushalastra), and He is splendid (amala-dyuti).
His limbs are white like a conchshell, jasmine flower, or the moon (shankha-kundendu-shvetanga), He broke many palm trees (tala-bhit), put an end to Dhenuka (dhenukantaka), killed Mushtika and Arishta (mushtikarishta-hanana), and with His plow dragged the Yamuna (langalakrishta-yamuna).
He killed Pralamba (pralamba-prana-ha), agitated Rukmi (rukmi-mathana), put an end to Dvivida (dvividantaka), loved Revati (revati-priti-da), enjoyed pastimes with the beautiful gopis (rama-ramana), and put an end to Balvala (balvalantaka).
He dragged Hastinapura (hastinapura-sankarshi) and His transcendental feet were worshiped by the Kauravas (kauravarcita-sat-pada). Brahma and the other demigods offered prayers to His lotus feet (brahmadi-stuta-padabja). He protects the demigods and the Yadavas (deva-yadava-palaka).
Note: The first sentence here is the last of Lord Balarama's names. Lord Krishna's names begin with the second sentence.
He is the master of the illusory potency (maya-pati and maha-maya), He gives orders to the illusory potency (maha-maya-nidesha-krit), He is the full moon risen from the ocean of the Yadu dynasty (yadu-vamshabdhi-purnendu), and He is Balarama's dear younger brother (baladeva-priyanuja).
narakriti param brahma
He is the Supreme Brahman, who has a humanlike form (narakriti param brahma), He is perfect and complete (paripurna), He is the Supreme (parodaya), He is full of all opulences, beginning with all-knowledge (sarva-jnanadi-sampurna), He is full of transcendental bliss (purnananda), and He is the oldest (puratana).
He wears yellow garments (pitambara), He renounces sleep (pita-nidra), homeless, He performs great austerities (pita-veshma-maha-tapah), and He has a broad chest (mahoraska), powerful arms (maha-bahu), and very valuable jewel earrings (maharha-mani-kundala).
He is decorated with a glistening golden crown, necklace, and earrings (lasad-ganda-sthali-haima-mauli-mala-vibhushita), He has handsome ears (su-caru-karna), and He wears glistening shark-shaped earrings (su-bhrajan-makarakriti-kundala).
His hair is splendid, dark, and curly (nila-kuncita-su-snigdha-kundala), His face is moonlight (kaumudi-mukha), His nose is handsome (su-nasa), His teeth are jasmine flowers (kunda-dashana), and His lips are splendid red lotuses (lasat-kokanadadhara).
He smiles very gently (sumanda-hasa), His eyes and eyebrows are handsome and glorious (rucira-bhru-mandala-vilokana), His neck is a conchshell (kambu-kantha), He is the great Brahman (brihad-brahma), and He is decorated with bracelets and armlets (valayangada-bhushana).
kaushtubhi vana-mali ca
He wears a Kaustubha jewel (kaushtubhi) and a garland of forest flowers (vana-mali), He holds a conch, disc, club, and lotus (shankha-cakra-gadabja-bhrit), and He bears the mark of Shrivatsa (shrivatsa-lakshya lakshyanga), and all auspicious marks (sarva-lakshana-lakshana).
His belly is a flower petal (dalodara), His navel is deep (nimna-nabhi), He is pure (niravadya), and independent (nirashraya), and a sash of bells decorates His hips (nitamba-bimba-vyalambi-kinkini-kanci-mandita).
His knees and thighs are graceful (sama-janghajanu-yugma), He is handsome and splendid (sucaru-ruci-rajita), and His lotus feet bear the marks of a flag, thunderbolt, elephant-goad, lotus, and arrow (dhvaja-vajrankushambhoja-sharancita-padambuja).
The bumblebees that are His devotees drink the nectar of His lotus feet (bhakta-bhramara-sanghata-pita-padambujasava), and His noble-hearted devotees shine with the moonlight of His candrakanta jewel toenails (nakha-candramani-jyotsna-prakashita-maha-manah).
Glistening anklets shine on His lotus feet (padambuja-yuga-nyasta-lasan-manjira-rajita), and He is a splendid lotus flower growing in His devotee's heart (sva-bhakta-hridayakasha- lasat-pankaja-vistara).
He delights all living beings (sarva-prani-janananda), He is pleased by Maharaja Vasudeva's prayers (vasudeva-nuti-priya), He is the delight of Devaki (devaki-nandana), He delights the worlds (loka-nandi-krit), and He breaks the devotees' fears (bhakta-bhiti-bhit).
Shesha is His servant and follower (sheshanuga), He reclines on Shesha (sesha-shayi), He offers respects to Yasoda (yashoda-nati-manada), He delights Nanda (nandananda-kara), and He is the friend of Gokula's gopas and gopis (gopa-gopi-gokula-bandhava).
He delights all the people of Vraja (sarva-vraja-jananandi), He is dear to the devoted cowherd people (bhakta-ballava-vallabha), His splendid limbs are smooth asnd free of all imperfection (baly-avyanga-lasad-gatra), and He is encircled by a gopi's arms (ballavi-bahu-madhya-ga).
He drank the milk of Putana's breast (pita-putanika-stanya), He dried up Putana's life (putana-prana-shoshana), He stayed on Putana's chest (putanorah-sthala-sthayi), and He gave liberation to Putana (putana-moksha-dayaka).
He delighted the assembled people (samagata-jananandi), He knocked over the cart (shakatoccata-karaka), He was blessed by the brahmanas (prapta-viprashisha), He is the supreme controller (adhisha), and He is shelter where the mystic perfections, beginning with laghima, rest (laghimadi-gunashraya).
He clung to Trinavarta's neck (trinavarta-gala-grahi), He killed Trinavarta (trinavarta-nishudana), He delighted His mother (janany-ananda-janak), and He showed to His mother the entire universe in His mouth (jananya mukha-vishva-drik).
He enjoyed playing like a child (bala-krida-rata), He enjoyed pastimes of talking like a child (bala-bhasha-liladi-nirvrita), He is kind to the gopas and gopis (gopa-gopi-priya-kara), and He is expert at singing and dancing (gita-nrityanukarakah
His limbs are anointed with fresh butter (navanita-viliptanga), He is fond of fresh butter (navanita-lava-priya), He steals fresh butter (navanita-lavahari and navanitanutaskara).
His waist was tied with a rope (damodara), He uprooted the arjuna trees (arjunonmula), He made the gopis think only of Him (gopaika-mati-karaka), He played in Vrindavana forest (vrindavana-vana-krida), and He is expert at enjoying many different pastimes (nana-krida-visharada).
He was pulled about as he clung to a calf's tail (vatsa-puccha-samakarshi), He killed Vatsasura (vatsasura-nishudana), He was the enemy of Bakasura (bakari), He killed Aghasura (agha-samhari), and He killed Aghasura, who tried to kill the gopa boys (balady-antaka-nashana).
He is fond of the Yamuna's shore, which is filled with pleasant breezes (yamunanila-sanjushta-su-mrishta-pulina-priya), He stays with the gopa boys (gopala-bala-puga-stha), and He eats a lunch mixed with yogurt (snigdha-dadhy-anna-bhojana).
He pleases the cows, gopas, and gopis (go-gopa-gopi-priya-krit), He is very wealthy (dhana-bhrit), He breaks illusion (moha-khandana), He bweildered the creator Brahma (vidhatur moha-janaka), and He showed very wonderful powers and opulences (aty-adbhutaishvarya-darshaka).
Brahma offered prayers to His lotus feet (vidhi-stuta-padambhoja), He bewildered the gopa boyas (gopa-balaka-buddhi-bhit), He broke Kaliya's pride (kaliya-darpa-dalana), and He was pleased by the prayers of the serpent's wives (naga-nari-nuti-priya).
He extinguished a forest fire (davagni-shamana), He protects all the people of Vraja (sarva-vraja-bhrit), He is the life of all living entities (jana-jivana), and He extinguished a terrible fire in Munaranya forest (munjaranya-praveshapta-kricchra-davagni-darana).
He enjoys happy pastimes eternally (sarva-kala-sukha-krida), He wears a peacock-feather crown (barhi-barhavatamsaka), He is the life of the gopis (go-dhug-vadhu-jana-prana), and He is expert at playing the flute (venu-vadya-visharada).
He stole the gopis' garments and placed them in a tree (gopi-pidhanarundhana), He gave the gopis the benediction they followed a vow to obtain (gopi-vrata-vara-prada), He extinguished the brahmanas' pride (vipra-darpa-prashamana), and He gave His mercy to the brahmanas' wives (vipra-patni-prasada-da).
He stopped the sacrifice for King Indra (shatakratu-makha-dhvamsi), He removed Indra's pride (shakra-darpa-madapaha), He lifted Govardhana Hill (dhrita-govardhana-giri), and He made the people of Vraja fearless (vraja-lokabhaya-prada).
Indra glorified Him splendidly (indra-krita-lasat-kirti). He is the king of the cows (govinda), the festival of happiness for Gokula (gokulotsava), and the protector of Nanda (nanda-trana-kara). The demigod of the waters praised Him (deva-jaleshedita-sat-katha).
He was glorified by the people of Vraja (vraja-vasi-jana-shlaghya) and He showed them His own transcendental abode (nija-loka-pradarshaka). He enjoys pastimes with the gopis maddened by His expert flute-playing (su-venu-nada-madanonmatta-gopi-vinoda-krit)
He removed the gopis' pride (go-dhug-vadhu-darpa-hara), the chanting of His transcendental glories is a festival of great happiness (sva-yashah-kirtanotsava), He enjoyed with the girls of Vraja (vrajangana-janarama), and He was the beloved of the beautiful girls of Vraja (vraja-sundari-vallabha).
He enjoyed the pastime of the rasa dance (rasa-krida-rata), He was the central ornament in the great circle of the rasa dance (rasa-maha-mandala-mandana), He enjoyed pastimes in Vrindavana forest (vrindavana-vanamodi), and He enjoyed pastimes on the Yamuna's shore (yamuna-kula-keli-krit).
He sang duets with the gopis (gopika-gitika-gita), He cut off Shankhacuda's head (shankhacuda-shiro-hara), and He rescued terrified Nanda Maharaja who was held in a great serpent's mouth (maha-sarpa-mukha-grasta-trasta-nanda-vimocaka).
His feet were worshiped by the Vidyadhara Sudarshana (sudarshanarcita-pada), He killed the demon Arishta (dushtarishta-vinashaka), He was the enemy of Keshi (keshi-dveshi), He killed Vyomasura (vyoma-hanta), and He heard Narada glorify Him (shruta-narada-kirtana).
He was kind to Akrura (akrura-priya-krit), He killed a cruel washerman (krura-rajaka-ghna), He wore nice garments (su-vesha-krit), He was opulently decorated with many garments offered by the florist Sudama (sudama-datta-maladhya), and He was anointed with sandal paste by the hunchback Kubja (kubja-candana-carcita).
He delighted the people of Mathura (mathura-jana-samharshi), He broke the great bow (canda-kodanda-khanda-krit), He cut apart Kamsa's army (kamsa-sainya-samucchedi), and He was worshiped by the brahmanas and merchants (vanig-vipra-ganarcita).
He killed the great Kuvalayapida (maha-kuvalayapida-ghati), He crushed Canura (canura-mardana), and He created a great festival of happiness for the men and women at the arena (ranga-shalagatapara- nara-nari-kritotsava).
He killed Kamsa (kamsa-dhvamsa-kara), granted Kama sarupya liberation (kamsa-sva-sarupya-gati-prada), made Ugrasena king (kritograsena-nripati), and delighted all the Yadavas (sarva-yadava-saukhya-krit).
He made His mother and father happy (tata-matri-kritananda), gave His mercy to the gopa Nanda (nanda-gopa-prasada-da), took shelter of His guru, Sandipani Muni (shrita-sandipani-guru), and crossed to the farther shore of knowledge (vidya-sagara-para-ga).
He killed the demon Pancajana (daitya-pancajana-dhvamsi), was pleased by Pancajana's conchshell (pancajanya-dara-priya), gave to Sandipani Muni his dead son (sandipani-mritapatya-data), and was worshiped by Kala Yamaraja (kala-yamarcita).
He pacified Kubja's passionate desires (sairandhri-kama-santapa-shamana), pleased Akrura (akrura-priti-da), held the sharnga bow (sharnga-capa-dhara), and expertly shot many arrows (nana-shara-sandhana-kovida).
He wore unbreakable transcendental armor (abhedya-divya-kavaca), His charioteer was Daruka (shrimad-daruka-sarathi), His flag bore the insignia of Garuda (khagendra-cihnita-dhvaja), He held the cakra in His hand (cakra-pani), and He held a mace (gada-dhara).
He held the sword Nandaka (nandaki), He was opulent with the Yadavas' armies (yadu-senadhya), He han an inexhaustible quiver (akshaya-bana-nishangavan), He could not be defeated in battle by any demigod or demon (surasurajeya-ranya), and He defeated the king of the Magadhas (jita-magadha-yuthapa).
He destroyed the Magadhas' flag (magadha-dhvajini-dhvamsi), protected Mathura City (mathura-pura-palaka), built Dvaraka City (dvaraka-pura-nirmata), and kept the people safely there (loka-sthiti-niyamaka).
He is the cause of all opulence and good fortune (sarva-sampatti-janana), and the cause of His devotees' happiness (svajanananda-karaka). His Dvaraka was filled with kalpa-vriksha trees (kalpa-vrikshancita-mahi). To the earth He brought the Sudharma assembly-house (sudharmanita-bhu-tala).
He killed Kalayavanasura (yavanasura-samharta), fulfilled Mucukunda's desires (mucukundeshta-sadhaka), and, on the advice of a brahmana sent by Rukmini, went by chariot to Kundina City (rukmini-dvija-san-mantra-rathaika-gata-kundina).
He kidnapped Rukmini (rukmini-haraka), shaved Rukmi's head (rukmi-munda-mundana-karaka), was kind to Rukmini (rukmini-priya-krit), and became beautiful Rukmini's husband (sakshad-rukmini-ramani-pati).
He was a bumblebee drinking the nectar of the lotus flower of Rukmini's face (rukmini-vadanambhoja-madhu-pana-madhuvrata). To get the Syamantaka jewel He defeated Jambavan, who was His devotee and the king of the Rikshas (syamantaka-nimittatma-bhaktarkshadhipa-jit). He is pure (shuci).
Jambavan worshiped His lotus feet (jambavarcita-padabja), He became the husband of Jambavan's daughter (sakshaj-jambavati-pati), He accepted the hand of Satyabhama (satyabhama-kara-grahi), and He became the beloved of beautiful Kalindi (kalindi-sundari-priya).
He defeated seven sharp-horned bulls (sutikshna-shringa-vrishabha-sapta-jid), He defeated many kings (raja-yutha-bhid), and He became the greatest hero for Nagnajit's daughter, the heroine Satya (nagnajit-tanaya-satya-nayika-nayakottama).
He was the Lord of Bhadra (bhadresha), the beloved of Lakshmana (lakshmana-kanta), the dear master of Mitravinda (mitravinda-priyeshvara), and the hero that defeated Mura (murajit), killed Mura's general (pitha-senani-nashana), and put an end to Narakasura (narakantaka).
The earth worshiped His lotus feet (dhararcita-padambhoja), He removed Bhagadatta's fears (bhagadatta-bhayapaha), and He was the hero that married the splendid girls Naraka kidnapped (narakahrita-divya-stri-ratna-vahadi-nayaka).
He was splendid with 16,108 wives (ashtottara-shata-dvy-ashta-sahasra-stri-vilasavan), and because of the girl Satyabhama's words He stole the Parijata tree (satyabhamabala-vakya-parijatapaharaka).
He broke the strength of the demigods' king (devendra-bala-bhit), He enjoyed many pastimes with His wives (jaya-jata-nana-vilasavan), He broke Rukmini's pride (rukmini-mana-dalana), and He was enchanted by His wives' beauty and playfulness (stri-vilasa-vimohita).
He was the father of Kamadeva (kama-tata). Samba was His son (samba-suta). He had countless children and grandchildren (asankhya-putra-prapautravan). So His grandson could attain Usha, He defeated Banasura's thousand arms (ushashagata-pautrartha- bana-bahu-sahasra-jit).
First He defeated Nandi (nandy-adi-prathama-dhvamsi), and then He playfully defeated invincible Lord Shiva (lilajita-maheshvara). Shiva offered prayers to His feet (mahadeva-stuta-pada). He rescued King Nriga from his sufferings (nriga-duhkha-vimocaka).
He protected His relatives by telling them of the sufferings created by stealing a brahmana's property (brahmasvapahara-klesha-katha-svajana-palaka), He was the enemy of Paundraka (paundrakari), He beheaded the king of Kashi (kashi-raja-shiro-harta), and He is always unconquerable (sadajita).
He put an end to the fire-demon Lord Shiva created in response to Sudakshina's vows and worship (sudakshina-vrataradhya- shiva-krityanalantaka), He set fire to Varanasi (varanasi-pradahana), and His powers were seen by Narada (naradekshita-vaibhava).
His powers, opulences, and glories are wonderful (adbhutaishvarya-mahima) and He is the author of all religious principles (sarva-dharma-pravartaka). The kings imprisoned by Jarasandha chanted His glories (jarasandha-nirodharta-bhubhujerita-sat-katha).
Narada Muni informed Him of King Yudhishthira's plan to worship Him (naraderita-san-mitra-karya-gaurava-sadhaka). He planned to visit the place where King Yudhishthira lived with His wives and children (kalatra-putra-san-mitra-sad-vrittapta-grihanuga).
He was determined to kill Jarasandha (jarasandha-vadhodyoga-karta), He brought auspiciousness to the kings (bhupati-sharma-krit), He acted to fulfill Yudhishthira's plans (san-mitra-kritya-carita), and He arranged that the Rajasuya-yajna be performed (rajasuya-pravartaka).
He was glorified by all the sages (sarvarshi-gana-samstutya), He killed Shishupala (caidya-prana-nikrintaka), He was worshiped by the people of Hastinapura (indraprastha-janaih pujya), and He bewildered Duryodhana (duryodhana-vimohana).
He destroyed the city named Saubha, which was given by Lord Shiva (mahesha-datta-saubhakhya-pura-bhit), He killed His enemies (shatru-ghataka), He killed His enemy Dantavakra (dantavakra-ripu-cchetta), and He gave Dantavakra liberation (dantavakra-gati-prada).
He troubled Viduratha (viduratha-pramathana), removed the burden of the earth (bhuri-bharavataraka), was the Pandavas' messenger (partha-duta), brought auspiciousness to the Pandavas (partha-hita), fulfilled the Pandavas' wishes (parthartha), and was Arjuna's charioteer (partha-sarathi).
He broke Arjuna's illusion (partha-moha-samucchedi), revealed the scripture Bhagavad-gita (gita-shastra-pradarshaka), and gave liberation to they who were killed by Arjuna's arrows (partha-bana-gata-prana-vira-kaivalya-rupa-da).
He burned the sinful deeds of Duryodhana and the others (duryodhanadi-duvritta-dahana), gave liberation to Bhishma (bhishma-mukti-da), had Yudhishthira perform an ashvamedha-yajna (parthashvamedhaharaka), and had Yushishthira crowned king (partha-rajya-prasadhaka).
He fulfilled Kunti's desires (prithabhishta-prada), gave victory to Bhima (bhima-jayada), is the giver of victory (vijaya-prada), fulfilled Yudhishthira's desires (yudhishthireshta-sandata), and was pleased with Draupadi (draupadi-prita-sadhaka).
Sahadeva glorified His feet (sahadeverita-pada), and Nakula worshiped His form (nakularcita-vigraha). He saved King Puru's descendent, who even while in the womb was burned by a brahmastra weapon (brahmastra-dugdha-garbhastha-puru-vamsha-prasadhaka).
His arrival in Dvaraka was a festival of happiness for the women in the capitol city of the Purus (pauravendra-pura-stribhyo dvaraka-gamanotsava), and He was glorified by the people of Anarta-desha (anarta-desha-nivasat-prajerita-mahat-katha).
He is kind to His dear devotees (priya-priti-kara), He broke the poverty of His brahmana friend (mitra-vipra-daridrya-bhanjana), on the preText of visiting holy Kurukshetra He pleased Yudhishthira (tirthapadesha-san-mitra-priya-krit), and He also pleased King Nanda (nanda-nandana).
He gave transcendental knowledge to the gopis (gopijana-jnana-data), He was pleased by His father's yajna (tata-kratu-kritotsava), He described the activities of the devotees (sad-vritta-vakta), He acted in a saintly way (sad-vritta-karta), and He protects they who act in a saintly way (sad-vritta-palaka).
He gave transcendental knowledge to His father (tatatma-jnana-sandata), He brought back Devaki's dead sons (devaki-mrita-putra-da), He was kind to Shrutadeva (shrutadeva-priya-kara), and He increased the bliss of Mithila's king (maithilananda-vardhana).
He curbed Arjuna's pride (partha-darpa-prashamana), returned the brahmana's dead sons (mrita-vipra-suta-prada), was pleased by His many jewellike wives (stri-ratna-vrinda-santoshi), and enjoyed with them many water-pastimes (jala-keli-kalotsava).
He is pleasing to the people as millions of moons (candra-koti-jananandi), splendid as millions of suns (bhanu-koti-sama-prabha), invincible as millions of Yamarajas (kritanta-koti-durlanghya), and handsome as millions of Kamadevas (kama-koti-manohara).
He is wealthy as millions of Kuveras (yaksha-rat-koti-dhanavan), powerful as millions of Maruts (marut-koti-sva-viryavan), deep as millions of oceans (samudra-koti-gambhira), and steady as millions of Himalaya mountains (himavat-koty-akampana).
He is a philanthropist that gives the wealth obtained by performing millions of ashvamedha-yajnas (koty-ashvamedhadhya-hara), He is sacred as millions of holy places (tirtha-koty-adhikahvaya), He puts an end to death as effectively as millions of immortality potions (piyusha-koti-mrityu-ghna), and He fulfills as desires as millions of Kamadhenu cows (kamadhuk-koty-abhishta-da).
He is splendid as millions of Indras (shakra-koti-vilasadhya), He is the leader of millions of universes (koti-brahmanda-nayaka), His efforts are never thwarted (sarvamoghodyama), His glories are limitless (ananta-kirti), and His heroic power is also limitless (nihsima-paurusha).
His glory fulfills all desires (sarvabhishta-prada-yasha). To hear and chant His glories is the most pious deed (punya-shravana-kirtana). His humanlike activities are glorified by Brahma and the demigods (brahmadi-sura-sangita- vita-manusha-ceshtita).
He is without beginning, middle, or end (anadi-madhya-nidhana), He neither grows nor declines (vriddhi-kshaya-vivarjita), He gives transcendental knowledge to His devotees, beginning with Uddhava (sva-bhaktoddhava-mukhyaika-jnana-da), and He is transcendental knowledge personified (jnana-vigraha).
On the preText of a brahmana's curse He destroyed the power of the Yadu dynasty (vipra-shapa-cchala-dhvasta-yadu-vamshogra-vikrama), He gave to the hunter Jara, residence in the spiritual world in the same body (sa-sharira-jara-vyadha-svarga-da), and He was glorified by the residents of the spiritual world (svarga-samstuta).
He delights the liberated, they who yearn for liberation, and even the materialists (mumukshu-mukta-vishayi-janananda-kara), He is fame personified (yashah), His fame kills the sins of Kali-yuga (kali-kala-mala-dhvamsi-yashah), and hearing about Him is the most auspicious activity (shravana-mangala).
He is dear to the devotees (bhakta-priya), He is the welfare of the devotees (bhakta-hita), He is a lotus flower that pleases the bumblebees that are His devotees (bhakta-bhramara-pankaja), He protects all who remember Him (smrita-matrakhila-trata), and He is the author of sacred mantras and yantras (yantra-mantra-prabhanjaka).
All auspiciousness flows from His holy name (sarva-sampat-sravi-nama), He is fond of tulasi garlands (tulasi-dama-vallabha), His form cannot be measured (aprameya-vapu), He is decorated with splendid and priceless ornaments (bhasvad-anarghyanga-vibhushana).
He gives happiness to the world (vishvaika-sukha-da), He protects the happiness of the devotees in the world (vishva-saj-janananda-palaka), He is the crest jewel of the demigods (sarva-deva-shiro-ratnam), and He enjoys pleasures that are limitless and wonderful (adbhutananta-bhogavan).
He is beyond the material senses (adhokshaja), He is the life of the people (janajivya), He is the shelter of all saintly devotees (sarva-sadhu-janashraya), His name destroys all fears (samasta-bhaya-bhin-nama), and remembrance of Him destroys all fears (smrita-matrarti-nashaka).
The people are filled with bliss by hearing His glories (sva-yashah-shravanananda-jana-ragi), He is an ocean of virtues (gunarnava), His form is beyond description (anirdeshya-vapuh), He is the shelter of the distressed (tapta-sharana), and He is the life of the people (jiva-jivana).
He is the supreme wealth (paramartha), the supreme object of knowledge (param-vedya), the supreme splendor (para-jyotih), the supreme destination (para-gati), the ultimate goal of the Vedas (vedanta-vedya), the master of all opulences (bhagavan), and an endless ocean of happinesses (ananta-sukha-sagara).
His glories break the bonds that tie one to the material world (jagad-bandha-dhvamsa-yasha), He is the shelter of they who live in the material world (jagaj-jiva-janashraya), He is the sole ruler of the spiritual world (vaikuntha-lokaika-pati), and He is dear to the people of the spiritual world (vaikuntha-jana-vallabha).
He is Pradyumna (pradyumna), who is Rukmini's son (rukmini-putra), the killer of Shambara (shambara-ghna), dear to Rati (rati-priya), the holder of a bow of flowers (pushpa-dhanva), victorious in the entire world (vishva-jayi), and the killer of Dyuman (dyumat-prana-nishudaka).
He is Aniruddha (aniruddha), who is Kamadeva's son (kama-suta), the father of the Vedas (shabda-yoni), very powerful (maha-krama), Usha's husband (usha-pati), the master of the Vrishnis (vrishni-pati), the master of the senses (hrishikesha), and the master of the mind (manah-pati).
He is the teacher of Shrimad-Bhagavatam (shrimad-bhagavatacarya), the ocean of all Vedanta philosophy (sarva-vedanta-sagara), Shukadeva Gosvami (shuka), the knower of all principles of religion (sakala-dharma-jna), and kind to King Parikshit (parikshin-nripa-sat-kripa).
He is Lord Buddha (shri-buddha), who destroys the demonic concept of life (dushta-buddhi-ghna), who leads the demons outside the Vedic system (daitya-veda-bahish-kara), who teaches the path of atheism (pakhanda-marga-pravada), and who, without any weapons, conquered the world (nirayudha-jagaj-jaya).
He is Lord Kalki (kalki), who puts an end to the Kali-yuga (kali-yuga-cchedi), who starts the Satya-yuga again (punah-satya-pravartaka), who is the son of the brahmana Vishnuyashah (vipra-vishnuyasho-'patya), and who revives the principles of religon, which had been destroyed (nashta-dharma-pravartaka).
He will appear in the Sarasvata-manvantara (sarasvata). He is the king of the worlds (sarvabhauma), He took the three worlds from King Bali (bali-trailokya-sadhaka), in the eighth manvantara He will teach the principles of religioon (ashtamy-antara-sad-dharma-vakta), and He is dear to King Bali (vairocani-priya).
He is the giver of long life (ayushkara), the master of the goddess of fortune (rama-natha), the killer of the demigods' enemies (amarari-kula-krintana), the person who gives auspiciousness to King Indra (shrutendra-hita-krit), and the giver of liberation to the great philosophers and heroes (dhira-vira-mukti-phala-prada).
His armies are everywhere (vishvaksena), He is Shiva's friend (shambhu-sakha), He comes as the protector of the tenth manvantara (dashamantara-palaka), He brings auspiciousness to the ocean of Brahmasavarni Manu's family (brahmasavarni-vamshabdhi- hita-krit), and He makes the universe prosper (vishva-vardhana).
He teaches the principles of religion (dharma-setu), He kills irreligion (adharma-ghna), He assigns the post of Indra (vaidhritendra-pada-prada), He kills the demons (asuranta-kara), He is Devaryaka's son (devaryaka-sunu), and He is eloquent (subhashana).
He resides in His own spiritual abode (svadhama), He is the son of Sunrita (sunrita-sunu), He is the son of the brahmana Satyateja (satyatejo-dvijatmaja), He protects the yugas in the reigns of the twelve manus (dvishan-manu-yuga-trata), and He guards the gate of Patalaloka (patala-pura-darana).
He is the son of Devahotra (daivahotri), the son of Brihati (barhateya), the ruler of the heavenly worlds (divam-pati), very dear (ati-priya), the protector of the demigods (trayodashantara-trata), and the king of yoga and the yogis (yoga-yogi-janeshvara).
He is the resting place of the Vedic sacrifices (satrayana), He has powerful arms (brihad-bhanu), He is Garuda (vainateya), He is the best of the wise (vid-uttama), He is the author of the karma-kanda (karma-kandaika-pravada), and He is the author of the devotional Tantras (deva-tantra-pravartaka).
He is Brahma (parameshthi and brahma), He is the oldest (para-jyeshtha), He is the master and creator of the material universe (vishva-srijam-pati), from Him is born the lotus of the universe (abja-yoni), He rides on a swan (hamsa-vaha), and He is the grandfather of all the worlds (sarva-loka-pitamaha).
shantah shuddhah sanatanah
He is all-pervading (vishnu), and He is the protector of all the worlds (sarva-jagat-pata). He is peaceful (shanta), pure (shuddha), eternal (sanatana), worshiped by the brahmanas (dvija-pujya), an ocean opf mercy (daya-sindhu), the shelter (sharanya), and affectionate to the devotees (bhakta-vatsala).
rudro mridhah shivah shanto
shambhuh sarva-haro harah
kapardi shankarah shuli
try-aksho 'bhedyo maheshvarah
He is Shiva (rudra, mridha, shiva, shanta, and shambhu, sarva-hara, hara, kapardi, shankara, shuli, try-aksha, abhedya, and maheshvara).
He is the judge of all (sarvadhyaksha), He has all powers (sarva-shakti), He is all that has meaning (sarvartha), His faces are everywhere (sarvato-mukha), He resides everywhere (sarvavasa), He assumes any form He wishes (sarva-rupa), and He is the original cause of all causes (sarva-karana-karanam. Om.
ity etat kathitam vipra
ity-thus; etat-this; kathitam-spoken; vipra-O brahmana; vishnoh-of Lord Vishnu; nama-sahasrakam-thousand names; sarva-papa-all sins; prashamanam-subduing; sarva-all; abhishta-desired; phala-results; pradam-giving.
O brahmana, now I have spoken Lord Vishnu's thousand names, which extinguish all sins, fulfill all desires, . . .
manah-of the mind and heart; shuddhi-purity; karam-doing; ca-and; ashu-at once; bhagavat-to the Lord; bhakti-devotional service; vardhanam-increase; sarva-all; vighna-obstacles; haram-removing; sarva-all; ashcarya-wonder; aishvarya-opulence and power; pradayakam-giving.
. . . purify the mind and the heart, make devotion for the Lord grow, remove all obstacles, give all wonderful powers and opulences, . . .
shraddhaya paraya bhaktya
shravanat pathanaj japat
sarva-all; duhkha-sufferings; prashamanam-quell; catur-vargya-the four goals of life; phala-results; pradam-granting; shraddhaya-with faith; paraya-great; bhaktya-with devotion; shravanat-from hearing; pathanat-from reciting; japat-from chanting; praty-aham-day after day; sarva-varnanam-of all varnas; vishnu-of Lord Vishnu; pada-of the feet; ashrita-taken shelter; atmanam-of they whose hearts.
. . . stop all sufferings, and grant the results of the four goals of life for people from all varnas who take shelter of Lord Vishnu's feet and with faith and with great devotion day after day hear, read, or chant them.
etat pathan dvijo vidyam
kshatriyah prithivim imam
vaishyo maha-nidhim shudro
vanchitam siddhim apnuyat
etat-this; pathan-reading; dvijah-a brahmana; vidyam-knowledge; kshatriyah-a ksatriya; prithivim-earth; imam-this; vaishyah-a vaisya; maha-nidhim-great wealth; shudrah-a sudra; vanchitam-desired; siddhim-perfection; apnuyat-attains.
By chanting these names a brahmana attains knowledge, a kshatriya attains the entire earth, a vaishya attains great wealth, and a shudra attains whatever perfection he desires.
jnanajnanat cared dhareh
namnam dashaparadhamsh ca
pramadad acared yadi
dvatrimshat-32; aparadhan-offenses; yah-one who; jnana-out of knowledge; ajnanatpout of ignorance; caret-does; dhareh-of Lord Hari; namnam-of the names; dasha-ten; aparadhan-offenses; ca-and; pramadat-foolishly; acaret-may do; yadi-if.
If out of foolishness one deliberately or accidentally commits the 32 offenses or the 10 offenses to the holy name, . . .
samahita-mana hy etat
pathed va shravayet japet
smared va shrinuyad vapi
tebhyah sadyah pramucyate
samahita-manah-with a controlled mind; hy-indeed; etat-this; pathet-should read; va-or; shravayet-should recite; japet-should chant; smaret-should remember; va-or; shrinuyat-should hear; va-or; api-also; tebhyah-to them; sadyah-atb once; pramucyate-is liberated.
A person who attentively reads, recites, chants, remembers, or hears these names becomes at once liberated.
natah parataram punyam
trishu lokeshu vidyate
na-not; atah-than this; parataram-more; punyam-sacred; trishu-in the three; lokeshu-worlds; vidyate-is; yasya-of whioch; eka-once; kirtanena-by glorifying; api-also; bhava-of material existence; bandhat-from the bonds; vimucyate-is liberated.
Nothing in the three worlds is more sacred than these names. By chanting them even once one is liberated from the bonds of repeated birth and death.
atas tvam satatam bhaktya
shraddhaya kirtanam kuru
vishnor nama-sahasram vai
atah-therefore; tvam-you; satatam-always; bhaktya-with devotion; shraddhaya-with faith; kirtanam-glorification; kuru-should do; vishnoh-of Lord Vishnu; nama-sahasram-thousand names; vai-indeed; bhagavat-priti-karanam-the cause of love for the Lord.
Therefore, with faith and devotion you should always chant these thousand names of Lord Vishnu, which grant pure love for the Lord.
dhanyo 'smy anugrihito 'smi
yatah krishnasya paramam
sahasram nama kirtitam
shri-naradah uvaca-Shri Narada said; dhanyah-fortunate; asmy-I am; anugrihitah-indebted; asmi-I am; tvaya-by you; ati-karunatmana-very mericful at heart; yatah-brecause; krishnasya-of Lord Krishna; paramam-supreme; sahasram-thousand; nama-names; kirtitam-glorified.
Shri Narada said: I am fortunate. You, who are very merciful at heart have been kind to me, for you have spoken to me the thousand transcendental names of Lord Krishna.
yady alasyat pramadad va
sarvam pathitum anv-aham
na shaknomi tada deva
kim karomi vada prabho
yady-if; alasyat-out of laziness; pramadat-out of foolishness; va-or; sarvam-all; pathitum-recited; anv-aham-day after day; na-not; shaknomi-I am able; tada-then; deva-O Lord; kim-what?; karomi-should I do; vada-tell; prabhah-O Lord.
If, out of laziness or foolishness, I cannot chant all these names every day, what should I do? Please tell me, O Lord.
yadi sarvam na shaknoshi
praty-aham pathitam dvija
tada krishneti krishneti
krishneti praty-aham vada
shri-shivah uvaca-Shri Shiva said; yadi-if; sarvam-all; na-not; shaknoshi-you are able; praty-aham-every day; pathitam-to recite; dvija-O brahmana; tada-then; krishna iti krishna iti krishna iti-Krishna! Krishna! Krishna!; praty-aham-every day; vada-recite.
Shri Shiva said: O brahmana, if you cannot recite all these names every day, then every day chant: Krishna! Krishna! Krishna!
etena tava viprarshe
sarvam sampadyate sakrit
kim punar bhagavan-namnam
etena-by this; tava-of you; viprarshe-O sage of the brahmanas; sarvam-all; sampadyate-is attained; sakrit-once; kim-what?; punah-more; bhagavan-namnam-of the Lord's names; sahasrasya-thousand; prakirtanat-from chantiing.
O sage of the brahmanas, by once chanting this name you will attain everything. How much more, then, will you attain by chanting the Lord's names a thousand times?
taraty addha prapadye tam
yat-of whom; nama-of the name; kirtanena-by chanting; evaindeed; puman-a person; samsara-sagaram-the ocean of birth and death; taraty-crosses; addha-indeed; prapadye-attains; tam-Him; krishnam-Krishna; gopala-rupinam-who has the form of a cowherd boy.
By chanting the Lord's holy names one crosses the ocean of birth and death and attains Lord Krishna, whose form is that of a cowherd boy.