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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Nityananda dasa > Prema Vilasa > CHAPTER19




          All glories to Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Nityananda Prabhu, Advaitacandra and all the devotees.  All glories to Shrinivasa Acarya Thakura, Narottama Thakura Mahsaya, Shri Syamananda and Ramacandra, the abode of good qualities.  Now I shall describe the glories of Ramacandra, whose power of devotion is beyond compare.


          One day Shrinivasa Acarya, along with his two wives, enjoyed the company of king Vira Hamvira at Vana Vishnupura. After taking his bath, Shrinivasa took his seat and began to perform his worship of the Lord.  He was the embodiement of Shri Mani Manjari, a confidant of Shri Radha, thus he began to think about Shri Vrndavana Dhama.  As his meditation increased, he lost all external consciousness.  In this state he obersed the pastimes  of Shri Radha and Krishna.  He saw Radha and Her sakhis enjoying in the waters of the Jamuna. While Shri Radha played excitedly, She did not notice when her nose ring fell into the water.  After sometime they got out of the water and put on their clothes and ornaments.  Noting that Shri Radhika had lost Her nose ring, Shri Rupa Manjari winked at Shri Gunamanjari, indicating that she should go in search of the nose ring as quickly as possible. Understanding everything, Gunamanjari requested Mani Manjari to go at once to look for the nose ring in the waters of the Jamuna.  The rest of the sakhis entered into the kunja, while Shri Mani Manjari searched for the nose ring.  Her search, however, was in vain. Unable to find the nose ring she was greatly disappointed.


          Meanwhile, the two wives of Shri Acarya were extremely anxious about their husband's state of being.  Shrinivasa's body was stiff and no sound of breathing could be heard.  The whole day and night passed by and his condition did not change.  Filled with fear, the ladies began to cry loudly. Hearing their wails, the king came to find out what the commotion was about.  Other devotees also rushed to the spot and were also frightened by the appearance of Shrinivasa.  The night passed away and the new day began in the third prahara, still Acarya remained in the same condition, and the ladies continued to cry loudly. 


          Filled with anxiety the king and other devotees examined the body of Acarya and were relieved to find that there were some signs of life in his body.  Thus they tried to pacify the wives of Acarya.  Suddenly Shri Isvari remembered that Ramacandra Kaviraja, being empowered by Acarya, was capable of understanding the state of mind of Shrinivasa.  Isvari told the king, "Send someone immediately to bring Ramacandra here."  The king quickly carried out her order.


          Ramacandra, who was anxious to see his beloved spiritual master, rushed to the house of Vira Hamvira.  The king at once informed Shri Isvari of his arrival and took him to the inner part of the house.  Standing at a distance, Ramacandra worshiped the feet of his guru.  He then took the dust from the feet of the wives of Acarya and placed it to his head. Observing the state of Shrinivasa, Ramacandra consoled them saying, "Don't worry, prabhu will come to his senses soon."


          Ramacandra who was also an embodiment of Shri Mani Manjari (??) also went into a deep state of trance and went to the place of Radha Krishna.  After bowing to the feet of Radha Krishna and the sakhis, he went to the bank of the Jamuna.  There he found out that Shri Mani Manjari had been searching for something within the water of the Jamuna.  He at once jumped into the water and found the nose ring under a lotus leaf.  He immediately brought the nose ring to Mani Manjari, who was very happy. "O my dear friend," she said, "come with me quickly to the kunja."  Together they rushed to the kunja and Mani Manjari gave the nose ring to Guna Manjari, who in turn gave it to Rupa Manjari, who put it on Radhika's nose.  Shri Radha was dressed soo gorgeously that all the sakhis were mesmerized by Her beauty.  And when Radha and Krishna met together the sakhis became mad observing the beauty of the divine couple.


          At that moment Ramacandra suddenly came back to consciousness and began chanting the holy name of the Lord. At the same moment, Shrinivasa also returned to external consciousness and sat up.  Remembering what he had seen in his meditation, Shrinivasa began to cry.  He embraced Ramacandra, who fell at the feet of his master.  All the devotees jubilantly chanted, "Hari, Hari." 


          Greatly relieved, Shri Isvari and Shri Gaurangapriya went to the kitchen and began to cook.  They prepared a varieity of foodstuffs and offered everything to Krishna.  Shri Acarya then took prasada.  Ramacandra took Acarya's remnants and the rest of the devotees also accepted prasada.  After washing their mouths everyone rested comfortably, talking endlessly about the pastimes of the Lord.  In this way the night passed happily.  The glories of Shri Ramacandra are beyond my capacity to describe.


          Now I shall tell some pastimes about Syamananda prabhu, which even the demigods in heaven find hard to grasp.  After Syamananda left Vraja he went to Amvika via Gauda and Gaderhat.  There he happily took darsana of the Deity of Mahaprabhu, and bowed at the feet of his spiritual master, Hrdaya Chaitanya, as well as his parama-guru, Gauridasa Pandita.  They listened intently as he described everything about his visit to Vrndavana, but were very upset upon hearing that the books of the Gosvamis had been stolen. 


          Syamananda remained with them for sometime, and eventually received the relieving news that the books had been recovered.  Shortly thereafter, Syamananda took leave of his guru and returned to his own country, Utkala. 


          In the village of Dharendra, Syamananda's birthplace, Syamananda vigorously preached the message of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.  Nama sankirtana was introduced and by his Syamandana's grace many fallen souls were delivered. 


          One day as Syamananda roamed through the streets performing sankirtana, a Pathan named Sher Khan, a royal representative, became furious upon seeing the sankirtana party.  The Yavana and his associates angrily attacked the party, and broke their musical instrucments.  Filled with rage, Syamananda shouted loudly.  The potency of his angry sound vibration burned the moustaches of the petrified Yavanas, and forced them to vomit blood.  Having chastized the miscreants, Syamananda returned home.


          The next day a huge sankirtana party again paraded the streets in great grandeur.  Again the Yavana dacoit, Sher Khan, came across the sankirtana party.  Seeing Syamananda at the head of the group, he at once fell at his feet with a humble appeal.  "O my lord, be merciful to me.  I am a great sinner, please give me shelter at your feet.  I'm very sorry I tried to stop your sankirtana.  Due to this offence my beard and moustache were burnt and my nose bled profusely.  I even had a dream in which Alla appeared to me.  He slapped my face and said, `I am your Alla.'  Saying this he showed me His golden complexioned form and said, `I am Shri Krishna Chaitanya, the only resort for the entire world.  Syamananda is My very dear devotee.  If you do not go to him and accept initiation, you will be doomed to suffer the miseries of hell.'  Oh what a beautiful form I saw with my very own eyes. I was unable to control my tears.  You are the Jagad guru, so please be kind to me.  There is no one as worthless as I, yet I beg for your mercy."  Lamenting in this way, he humbly begged to be forgiven.  Syamananda, of course, pardoned him and showered his mercy upon him.  I heard this incident directly from my guru.


          After delivering the Yavana, Syamananda went to preach at Rayani village on the bank of the river Suvararekha. Acyutananda was the king of this village.  The kings sons, Rasika and Murari, received the blessings of Syamananda and became his intimate associates.  They travled on with Syamananda to Balaramapura and Nrsimhapura.  In Gopivallavapura, Syamananda preached intensely and accepted many disciples.


          Syamananda instructed Rasika to worship Shri Govinda. The glory of Rasika's devotional service is also beyond description.  He preached widely, delivered numerous yavanas and made many disciples.


          One day, while Syamananda sat with his disicples in Gopivallavapura, a sannyasi approached him in an argumentative way.  The sannyasi was a Vaidantik yogi and possessed deep knowledge of the sastras.  A strong debate inssued between Syamananda and the sannyasi and at last Syamananda managed to change the views of the sannyasi. Syamananda expertly revealed the similarlities between the Advaitavada and the views of the Gosvamis.  The sannyasi accepted defeat and left feeling deeply impressed with Syamananda.


          That night the yogi had a revealing dream.  He saw that Syamananda was formerly a milkman but had been transformed into a brahmana due to his sincere worship.  It was clear that Syamananda extremely exalted person.  In the morning the yogi came before Syamananda and feel at his feet.  "There is no greater sinner in this world than I," he said.  "Please kindly save me from the reactions of my sins."  The kind-hearted Syamananda responded by placing his feet on the head of the yogi and initiation him with the Krishna mantra.  From that time forward the yogi was known as Damodara, and became a devout servant of Krishna.


          On another occassion, Damodara came upon Syamananda sitting in a secluded spot, and immediately offered his obeisances.  Looking up at Syamananda, Damodara noticed that he was seemed to be glowing with divine beauty.  The sacred thread draped across Syamananda's chest shone brilliantly. Just at that moment, Shri Rasika and some other devotees also arrived at the spot and fell prostrate on the ground before Syamananda offering prayers.  After covering his sacred thread, Syamananda began sankirtana. 


          Shri Syamananda prabhu had a great attachment for Shri Advaita Prabhu, and folliwng in his footsteps, Syamananda was eager to distribute love of God to all.  He preached widely and delivered many fallen souls from the clutches of maya. In Krishna lila, Syamananda prabhu is Shri Kanaka manjari, a confidant of Shri Radha.  I possess very limited knowledge of the glories of Syamananda, but by the order of my guru, I attempt to glorify him to the best of my ability.


          I have already mentioned the Deity installation performed by Narottama dasa, now I shall describe that event more elaborately. 


          One day while Thakura Mahasaya was sitting alone in a guiet spot, a letter suddenly arrived from Shri Acarya explaining that he was on his way to Vrndavana.  Narottama was very happy to hear from Shrinivasa, but this news that Acarya had gone to Vrndavana perturned his mind.  Eventually this disturbance reached a peak and he decided to take action.  Narottama called Ramacandra and ordered him to go to Vrndavana and bring Shri Acarya back.  Thus Ramacandra left for Vrndavana.


          After the departure of Ramacandra, Narottama left for Nilacala.  There he took darsana of Lord Jagannatha and visited the sacred places of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's pastimes.  He traveled on to the home of Syamananda, where he spent a few days, then  on to Gauda.  There he visited Khardaha, Santipura, Amvika, Navadvipa, Ekacakra and Katwa. He returned to his home via Shri Khana and Yajigrama. 


          One day Narottama began to think about installing a Deity in his house.  His plans were confirmed by the Lord when at night the Deities of Gauranga, Vallavi Kanta, Shri Krishna, Vraja Mohana, Radha Kanta and Radha Ramana appeared before him in a dream.  Suddenly Narottama's dream broke and he awoke.  He spent the rest of the night crying joyfully.


          In the morning he completed his daily duties, then immediately began plans for carving the six Deities.  Stone was purchased and artisans worked laboriously until the Deities were completed.  Five of the Deities were carved beautifully, but, although the utmost care had been taken, the Deity of Lord Gauranga was not satisfactory. Disheartened, Thakura Mahasaya cried, calling out, "Gauranga, Gauranga," again and again.


          Later, in a dream, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu appeared before Narottama.  Sitting at his side, the Lord said, "My dear Narottama, listen to Me carefully.  You are trying to carve a Deity of Me, but it will never turn out beautiful because I do not intend to appear in that form.  I will now tell you were you can find a Deity of Me.  Before I accepted the renouned order, I modelled My own image Myself and placed in the water of the Ganges.  No one know about this, but because you My dear devotee I am blessing you with this knowledge.  That Deity is now inside the rice godown of Vipradasa."  Saying this Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu disappeared.


          The following morning, Narottama finsihed his oblations, then began making inquieries about the rice godown of Vipradasa.  Someone told him that Vipradasa was a very welthy man who did a good business selling huge quanities of rice and other grains which were stocked in his godowns. 


          Narottama hurried to the house of Vipradasa, who welcomed him resectfully and asked what had brought Narottama to his home.  Thakura Mahasaya explained, "I have some work to tend to in your rice godown." 


          Vipradasa replied, "O Mahasaya, it is not possible for you to enter that godown as it is infested with snakes, who hiss loudly if anyone comes near. Though the godown is filled with rice no one, not even I, can enter it."


          "Don't worry," Narottama said.  "The snakes will leave the place if I go there."  Saying this he went to the godown and entered.  Sure enough, the snakes immediately fled from the place.  Narottama found the Deity of Shri Chaitanya then walked out the godown unscathed.  Everyone heaved a sigh of relief. and marveled at the beauty of the Deity.  Those who had formerly seen Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu personally, verified that the Deity looked exactly like Him.  Amazed by the spiritual potency of Thakura Mahasaya, Virpradasa and his entire family surrendered at his feet. 


          Preparations for the installation ceremony were at once begun.  Inivitations were sent to all the Vaishnavas far and wide.  Yet, Narottama was feeling disturbed due to not receiving any news from Shrinivasa.  To his relief, a letter finally arrived saying that Ramacandra would be returning soon along with Shri Acarya. 


          Together, Ramacandra and Shrinivasa traveled to Vishnupura, then on to Khardaha, Katwa and Amvika.  In Amvika they happily took darsana of the Mahaprabhu Deity.  They traveled on to Santipura and Navadvipa, then Yajigrama via Shri Kanda, where stayed for sometime.  When they finally reached Bhudari, Narottama heard about their arrival and rushed toward Bhudari with his followers to greet them. 


          Knowing that Narottama was on his way, Ramacandra and Shri Acarya went forward to meet him.  Narottama fell at the ell of Shri Acarya, who embraced im warmly.  Ramacandra and Narottama offered obeisances and embraced each other affectionately.  Govinda Kaviraja also offered his respects to Narottama, then they all went the house of Ramacandra and became immersed in discussions about Vrndavana. 


          Ramacandra said the the Gosvamis of Vrndavana remembered Narottama with great affection, and Lokanatha Gosvami sent him his blessings.  Hearing this Narottama cried, calling out the name of Lokanatha.  With effort, Narottama calmed himself and informed Shrinivasa about the Deities he had made. Everyone was excited and pleased to hear about the forthcoming installation ceremony.  Shrinivasa told Ramacandra and the others to go to Khetari to arrange for the abhiseka ceremony, assuring them that he would join them there later.


          Thus Ramacandra and the others went to Khetari, where they busied themselves with prepartions for the festival. Ramacandra appointed different persons to various duties. Although the abhiseka was to be performed on the auspicous Falgun Purnima, the sankirtana programme was already begun. As the devotees hurried about making various arrangements, the heretics watched with amazement.


          Finally the Mahantas began to arrive; Shrinivasa, Ramacandra, Shri Govinda, Vyasacarya, Krishna Vallava, Divyasimha, Premananda, Shri Gokula Vidyavanta from Kanchanagadia, Syamadasa, Shri Gopaladasa from Bundhaipura, Karnapura, Vamsi dasa and many others.  Syamananda arrived from Utkala, Rasika Murari, Jahnava Isvari from Khardaha, Jagadurlava the son of Viracandra prabhu,? Gungavallava-son in law of Madhava Acarya ?, Krishnadasa, Suryadasa, Raghupati, Murari, Chaitanya dasa, Shri Jiva??Pandita Nrsimha, Gaurangadasa, Kamalakara Pipalai, Mina Ketana Ramadasa, Sankara, Kanai.  Nayana Vaskara and Raghunatha Acarya came from Halisahara, Hrdaya Chaitanya and his followers, Gopala and Acyutananda-the sons of Advaita Acarya from Santipura. Kanu Pandita, Vishnudasa Acarya, Janardana, Kamadeva, Banamali dasa, Narayana, Purusottama, Syamadasa, Madhava Acarya-the author of Krishna Mangala and a dear devotee of Mahaprabhu and Advaita.  He left his family due to the wish of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.  Shripati and Shrinidhi came from Navadvipa. Yadunandana brought all the devotees from Katwa, accompanied by Krishnadasa of Akaihat.  Shri Raghunandana came from Khanda with Locana dasa and other devotees.  Sivananda, Vaninath, Shri Hari Acarya, Jita Misra, Kashinath Bhagavatacarya, Raghu Misra, Shri Uddhava and Jagannatha and all the devotees of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu all arrived in Kheturi to attend the festival.


          Narottama personally welcomed all the guest with the utmost care and respect, and arranged for everyone's housing. Shri Govinda and Shri Santosh were assigned to serving the duty of serving the guests.  After taking prasada, the Mahantas happily retired for the night.


          That night Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu told Narottama in a dream, "Tomorrow I shall dance in the sankirtana along with all of you."  The Lord place His feet on the head of Narottama and disappeared.  Narottama awoke with excitement. He, along with Mahantas, performed their morning duties and assembled to inaugurate the installation ceremony.

          While Shrinivasa bowed at the feet of Shri Jahnava, requesting her permission to commence the ceremony, Narottama appealed for the approval of the Mahantas to begin.  With their blessings, Narottama happily called out the names of the Deities which he had seen in a dream; "Gauranga, Vallavi Kanta, Shri Krishna, Vraja Mohana, Radha Mohana, and Radha Kanta."  Thus on the auspicious day of Phalgun Purnima, after perfroming the abhiseka ceremony, the Deities were installed by Thakura Mahasaya on their thrones. 


          Shrinivasa Acarya decorated the Deities with opulent clothes and beautiful ornaments.  The Mahantas wept in joy when they saw the beauty of the Deities.  Jubilant cries of, "Jaya! Jaya!" filled the air, and the demigods showered flowers from the heavens.  The melodious sounds of various musical instruments playing, combined with the sweet sound of of Vedic hymns chanted by the brahmanas, filled the hearts and minds of all with joy.  It entire scene was soo auspicous that it can only be compared to appearance day of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. 


          According to the hymns of Shri Gopala comprising of ten letters ??, the worship of the Deities began.  Thereafer, everyone watched with pleasure as the arati ceremony was performed.  Everyone present fell flat on the ground before the Deities offering their humble obeisances.  Narottama's happiness knew no bounds; he felt as if he were swimming in a ocean of bliss.  Meanwhile, Shrinivasa jubilantly gathered all the preparations cooked for the Deities.  He put each item in a separate container, placed everything before the Deities and requested Their Lorships to accept the offering.  After sometime he offered water to wash the mouths of the Deities, then placed betel leaves before Them.  When the doors of the Deity room opened everyone fell flat before the Deities, offereing their obeisances again and again.  The devotees also offered their respects to the associates of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who returned their love by affectionaely embracing each of them.


          Filled with the satisfaction of the Lord's darsana, Shri Jahnava asked Shrinivasa, "How do you perform the worship of Shri Gauranga?" 


          Shrinivasa explained, "According to the principles laid down by the Gosvamis, I worship Gauranga with the hymns of Radha Krishna ??"  The Gosvamis have also stated that Chaitanya Mahaprabhu should be worshiped with the Gopala mantra consisting of ten letter."


          With appreciation and approval Shri Jahnava replied, "Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the combined form of Radha and Krishna." Saying this she fell silent.

          Narottama bowed at the feet of Jahnava Isvari, and she in turn offered her heartfelt blessings.  Thakura Mahasaya then paid his respects to the associates of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who embraced him with affection.  Shri Isvari then ordered Shrinivasa to bring garlands and sandalwood paste to offer to the associates of Mahaprabhu.  Shrinivasa obeyed at once, decorating each devotee with a garlands and sandalwood paste.


          Thereafter the Mahantas gave their permission for Narottama to begin sankirtana.  Narottama first bowed at the feet of the devotees then began to sing.  Devidasa accompanied him on the khola, Gauranga dasa played the karatalas in perfect rythmn, as Vallava, Gokula and others sang sweetly.  The devotees lifted their arms and danced in ecstacy, calling out the name of Gauranga.  They sang the bhava of Shri Radha in which Shri Gauranga Candra always remained absorbed.?? 


          The devotional power of Narottama's beautiful sweet voice attracted the Supreme Lord Himself, Shri Shri Gaurachandra, along with His associates to appear before the assembly of Vaishnavas.  Nityananda Prabhu, Advaita Acarya, jShrivasa, Gadadhara, Shri Murari, Haridasa, Svarupa Damodara, Rupa, Sanatana, Gauridasa and others all danced ecstatically on the sankirtana plastform.  Enchanted by the sankirtana, everyone forgot themselves entirely and tears flowed like streams from their eyes.  The son of Saci danced madly along with Shri Acyutananda and other devotees.  Suddenly Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu along with His associates disappeared from the scene.  Who can comprehend the transcendental activities of the Lord?  He appears and disappears by His own sweet will. 


          The devotees, however, were unable to bear the Lord's separation and cried bitterly.  Narottama, Syamananda, and Shrinivasa threw themselves on the ground.  Crying loudly they soaked their bodies with tears until eventually they fell unconscious with despair.  Shrinivasa and the others gradually pacified themselves, yet Narottama was unable to control himself. He cried insessantly, calling out the name of Gaura. Everyone tried their best to console him saying, "By the power of your devotional service you made it possible for all of us to see Gauranga dancing with Nityananda, Advaita and others."  The devotees embraced Narottama and offered him their obeisances.


          The devotees brought a large quantity of red kumkum powder and requested Shrinivasa , Narottama and Acyutananda to smear the powder on the body of the Lord.  Responding to their request, Shri Jahnava Isvari smeared the powder on the body of the Deities.  Thereafter Acyuta, Gopala, Narottama, Shrinivasa, Viracandra, Syamananda, Ramacandra, Hrdaya Chaitanya, Shri Raghunandana and other devotees all smeared the red powder on the bodies of Their Lordships.  After offering the red dust to Shri Gauranga, the Mahanatas playfully threw the dust on each other, while singing the pastimes of Lord Krishna.  As they played joyfully, the red powder filled the air, turning the land and water scarlet red.  After kirtana the Mahantas happily took prasada.


          In the evening everyone attending the arati ceremony, and in honor of the Lord's appearance, the Deity of Mahaprabhu was carried to the middle of the platform.  On the order of Shri Isvari, Shrinivasa began the abhiseka ceremony, following the standard procedures as observed for the celebration of Lord Krishna's appearance.  Whoever tries to differentiate between Lord Krishna and Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is sure to suffer in hell.  After offering bhoga to the Deities, the Lord was placed in a bed to rest.  Thereafter the Mahanatas accepted prasada and retired for the night.


          After attending Mangala arati the following morning, the Mahantas, reluctant to leave, decided to stay one more day in Kheturi.  The next day Narottoma sadly bid farewell to everyone.  I am unable to describe Narottama's exemplarly service attitude towards the Deities, as well as the Vaishnavas.


          Shri Locana dasa, the author of Chaitanya Mangala, was the disciple of Shri Narahari and belonged to a family of Vaidyas from Shri Khanda.  Songs from his famous book were constantly chanted in the house of Narottama.  It was their custom to first sing Shri Chaitanya Mangala followed by beautiful songs from Krishna Mangala.  ??


          Shri Madhava Acarya, a man endowed with extrordinarly good gualities, wrote in verse the Shri Dasama Skhanda of Shrimad Bhagavatam.  The family geneology of Madhava is as follows:  Durga dasa Misra, a veritable mine of transcendental qualities, was a Vaidic brahmana from Nadia. His wife, Shri Vijaya, gave birth to two exceptionally brilliant sons, Sanatana and Kalidasa.  The wife of Sanatana, Mahamaya, gave birth to one only one daughter named Vishnupriya.  Vishnupriya was married to Shri Krishna Chaitanya. 

          The wife of Kalidasa Misra, Vidhamukhi, gave birth to an exalted son named Madhava.  Kalidasa, however, died at a young age, leaving Vidyamukhi a widow with only one son.  The ceremony of accepting the sacred thread was performed for Madhava when he was eight years old.  Thereafter he began studying the scriptures.  Within no time he proved himself a talented scholar and was awarded the title "Acarya".  ???When the abhiseka of Shri Gauranga was performed, Madhava went to the house of Shrinivasa and became mad with ecstacy upon observing the beauty of the Deity.  From that day, he became wholeheartedly devoted to Shri Chaitanya.  ??Madhava Acarya was present the day that Shri Chaitanya gave his devotees advise in a loud voice.??  The maha-mantra entered his ears and filled his heart with love.  Madhava lay prostrate on the ground at the feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and the Lord blessed him by placing His feet on Madhava's head.  At that time Madhava asked Mahaprabhu what was the proper method of chanting the holy name.  Shri Chaitanya advised him to cite the name lakhs of times daily.  From that day, Madhava became completely indifferent to family life and soon composed a book of songs entitled Shri Krishna Mangala based on the tenth canto of Shrimad Bhagavatam.  He dedicated the book to the lotus feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who favored him greatly.  Mahaprabhu ordered Advaita Acarya to give initiation to Madhava.  Thus Advaita poured the maha-mantra into Madhava's ear, then the Radha Krishna nama.  He also gave Madhava the Kama Gayatra and Kama Vija and explained their meanings.  In this way Madhava became an expert in the method of worshiping, and his apathy for family life increased. 


          Aware of her son's frame of mind, Madhava's mother made a desperate attempt to arrange her son's marriage. Understanding his mother's intentions, Madhava fled from his house and rushed to Vrndavana.  There he settled into the life of an ascetic, surrendering himself at the feet of Shri Rupa Gosvami.  Thus he learned the proper methods of performing bhajan.  He worshiped Krishna in the Vraja style of Madhurya-bhava and thus came to understand his own spiritual identity as Shri Madhavi sakhi.  By the mercy of Shri Rupa, Madhava attained the power of Uddipana.??


          One day Madhava received the news of his mother's death. Thus he went to Santipura, then on to Keturi with Acarya and observed the abhiseka of the Deity.  Threafter he quickly returned to Vrndavana.  At that time I (the author) went to Vrndavana with Shri Isvari and traveled there with Madhava. Along the way he gave me many valuable instructions, thus I have great respect for him.


          Now I shall describe Narottama's service to the Deities. He installed the Deities on six separate thrones placed in six different rooms.  The Deities were worshiped with the utmost care according to Asta Kalin religious practises.?? Narottama spent the rest of his time discussing Chaitanya Bhagavata and Chaitanya Charitamrita.  The Chaitanya Bhagavata was formerly known as Chaitanya Mangala, but the Manhantas of Vrndvana changed the name.  Narottama's house was filled with saints and Mahantas continuously discussing the pastimes of Krishna.  The beautiful sankirtana performances held there regularly were sweet enought to melt the hearts of even the most demoniac character.  The devotees would first sing Chaitanya Mangala and then Shri Krishna Mandala.  Govinda often sang songs about the pastimes of Gaura Krishna, and Narottama sang Vidyapati and Candidasa's songs about the pastimes of Krishna.  Narottama's  singing captivated the hearts and minds of all.  Every year on the full moon day in the month of Falguna, a grand festival was held in Kheturi, attending by all the Vaishnavas.


          Now I will describe Shri Jahnava Thakurani's journey to Vrndavana.  She departed from Kheturi, accompanied by myself and various other devotees.  Along the way, a dacoit leader named Kutub-ud-din and his followers decided to attack us and rob our wealth.  Yet, mysteriously they were unable to find a way to execute their plan.  They spent the entire night roaming the forest but were unable to approach our party.  By morning they where filled with fear, thus the leader approached Shri Jahnava saying, O mother, save me.  I wanted to rob you of your wealth, but despite my best endeavor throughout the entire night I was not able to get anywhere near you.  Everywhere I looked I found venomous snakes trying to bite us.  Caught in this dilemna, a loud sound suddenly came from somewhere and you mother saved us from the snakes. Being afraid, I came her to take shelter at your feet." Thakurani was pleased and showered her blessings upon the Yavanas.  At that moment a loud voice blared out the name of Hari, and the Yavanas immediately began to chant the holy name of Krishna.


          On another occassion Shri Isvari and myself halted at a village which was filled with heretics, who enjoyed taunting us.  However, that night devi Chandika appeared before these rascals in a dream and angrily chastised them, "You have irritated Shri Jahnava, for this you will suffer great miseries.  If you ask for her mercy, you will avoid the miseries, otherwise you will die."


          In the morning the heretics all rushed before Shri Jahnava and fell at her feet begging forgiveness.  She, being an ocean of kindness, offered her blessings without hesitation.  Thus all of them became her followers.  After visiting Vrndavana, Shri Jahnava returned to Kheturi where she stayed for some time.


          At that time Madhava Acarya stayed with us and charmed everyone with his singing.  Madhava was a Varendra brahmana and a favorite devotee of Nityananda prabhu.  Madhava knew nothing other than the lotus feet of Nitai.  Ganga, the daughter of Nityananda Prabhu was wed to Madhava Acarya. Although normally marriages were not arranged between Radi and Varendra clan, by the mercy of Shri Isvari anything is possible.  Madhava Acarya was said to be the Santanu (father of Bhisma) and Ganga, his wife, was goddess Ganga.  I had the good fortune of learning the art of playing musical instrucments from Madhava Acarya.


          Soon it was time again to celebrate the Falguna Purnima festival in Kheturi. Gradually Kheturi was filled with numerous devotees; Shrinivasa, Syamananda, Viracandra, Acyutananda and mother other Vaishnavas arrived.


          On the morning of the full moon day sankirtana began, the Deities were bathed, the pastime of throwing kumkum powder ensued, then everyone relished prasada.  In the evening arati was performed and sankirtana began.  Shri Vasu Ghosa sang, accompanied by Devi dasa and Madhava Acarya on the mrdanga, while Gauranga and Govinda dasa played the kartalas.  Santosa, Govinda and Gokula started singing Krishna lila of Candidasa, as Acyutananda, Viracandra, Shrinivasa, Syamananda, Narottama and Ramacandra danced without upraised arms.  Attracted by Narottama's devotion, Shri Krishna was obliged to appear there along with Shri Radha.  The earth and water in all ten directions suddenly became brilliantly effulgent, and the air was filled with an extrodinary scent. Stunned, everyone observed the beauty of the divine couple. Suddenly the Lord disappeared. Narottama fell to the ground unconcious, while Ramacandra and others cried loudly.  Who can understand the pastimes of the Lord?  Gradually everyone came to their senses and embraced Narottama lovingly, saying "You are the embodiment of devotion.  By your grace we have attained the perfection of life."


          One day, Narottama becamed absorbed in deep meditation wherein he personally witnessed the pastimes of Radha Krishna. Narottama's friends and disciples became frightened upon seeing his stiff bodyt which appeared lifeless.  Ramacandra, understanding Narottama's state of mind, assured them that he would soon return to external consciousness.  Yet, to everyone's dismay, two days passed and still Narottama remained lay unconscious.  Hoping to pacify everyone, Shrinivasa Acarya took it upon himself to bring Narottama back to his senses.  As soon as Shri Acarya chanted the  holy name into his ear, Narottama regained consciousness and bowed at the feet of Shrinivasa, who embraced him lovingly.


          Now listen as I describe how Narottama delivered the many heretics.  Gurudasa Bhattacarya was a scholarly Vaidic brahmana from Gopalapura and the teacher of many pupils. However, due to criticizing Narottama, he was attached with leprosy.  Despite the best Sastayana treatment, he could not be cured.  Being a worshiper of Bhavani, he prayed intently, begging her to relief him from the horrible disease.  Bhavani appeared before him in a dream and explained that his disease was to due to offences at the feet of Narottama.  "You think that Narottama is a sudra, but you do not know that he is the embodiment of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's divine love and the deliverer of the universe.  If you offer him sincere respect all your  miseries will vanish.  Anyone who considers Narottama a sudra, or an ordinary man, he and his family are sure to suffer in hell.  A Vaishnava is always superior to even brahmanas.  Although one may be decorated with a sacred thread, if he is devoid of devotion to Krishna he is no better than a sudra."  Saying this, Bhavani disappeared.


          The brahmana awoke in the morning and immediately rushed to Kheturi where he fell at the feet of Narottama.  After explaining the details of his dream, the brahmana pleaded, "O my lord, have mercy on me and save me from damnation.  There is no one as worthless as me."  In answer to his sincere prayer, Narottama placed his feet on the brahmana's head, curing him from his disease.  The ocean of mercy, Thakura Mahasaya, made that brahmana his servant and disciple.  From that time on, people were filled with awe and respect for Narottama and many came to take refuge at his feet.


          One great scholar and Vaidik brahmana named Jagannatha Acarya from Bhudari became angry upon hearing that Narottama had given  initiation to a brahmana.  Hoping to get the power to defeat Narottama in debate, he began to worship goddess Kali.  However, the goddess revealed to him in a dream that Narottama was the embodiment of ecstatic love for Krishna. Frightened, Jagannatha quickly went to Kheturi and fell at the Narottama's feet, who kindly accepted him as his disciple.  In this way, many brahmanas took initiation from Thakura Mahasaya.


          Harish Candra Raya, the Zamindar of Jalpantha, was a dacoit and betrayer of the king.  One day, however, he happened to meet Narottama and the evil intentions in his suddenly vanished.  Thus he took shelter at Narottama's feet, becoming his disciple.  Similarly, one brahmana from Vangadesh who was a leader of dacoits, also was saved from his fallen condition by the mercy of Thakura Mahasaya.  The list of dacoits who attained the blessings of Narottama is long; Govinda Vandhopadhya, Ramjaya Cakravarty, Lalita Ghosal, Kalidasa Catta, Nilmani Mukhuti, Harinath Ganguli and Siva Cakravarti.  The armies of Tarachand Raya, a relative of Candra Raya, all accepted initiation from Thakura Mahasaya. Prior to that, they defeated the Yavanas and looted many cities, with the help of Candra Raya.  Yet on the day when Candra Raya was arrested, they all ran away. in fear.  Later, when they heard the glories of Narottama, they gave up their sinful lives and surrendered at the feet of Thakura Mahasaya.

          King Narasimha Raya of Pakka Palli lived in a beautiful city near the bank of the Ganges.  He was kind to his subjects and welcomed all brahmana Panditas in his court.  One day, a great brahmana scholar named Rupa Narayana came to the court of Narasimha Raya.  This brahmana was endowed with a wonderful character and had never been defeated by anyone. Now listen to the history of Rupa Narayana.


          The state of Karnapura in Vangadesha was a pure country occupied by the Pathans.  The capital of the country, Egarasindura, was situated on the bank of the river Brahmaputra, as were the cities of Majufarapura, Daggada, Kutisvara and Hosenpura.  Egarasindura and Daddada were famous trade centers, inhabitated by business minded men from various parts of the country.  People traveled long distances to buy and sell commodities there.  Near Egarasindura was a village named Bhityadiya which was dominated by Kulinas.  A brahmana named Laksminath Lahiri resided there along with his beautiful wife Kamal devi.  Laksminath was a respected brahmana, and blessed with a son named Rupacandra whose beauty challenged the of Indra, the king of heaven.  However, the boy was a prankster from hisearly childhood.  Though Lakminath tried his best to educate his son, Rupacandra completely neglected his studies.  One day, Laksminath blew up.  Out of frustration he threw ashes on his son's plate while he was eating rice.  Rupacandra immeidately stood up, bowed at the feet of his mother and left home--never to return.  He walked a long distance and eventually arrived at the house of a village Pandita.  Rupacandra stayed there and studied Vyakarana, earning the title of Cakravarty.  He then traveled on to further his education in Navadivpa.  There he earned the title of Acarya.  From there he moved on to Nilacala, where he observed Mahaprabhu in sankirtana.  From a distance he paid his respects to Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and happily took darsana of Lord Jagannatha.  Leaving Puri, he went to Pune in Maharastra and studied the all aspects of Vedic wisdom.  Eventually he received the title of ??"Professor" from goddess Sarasvati Herself.


          With his knowledge Rupacandra conquered many countries, defeated Panditas far and wide.  Eventually he arrived in Vrndavana.  There he heard about the two undefeatable scholars, Rupa and Sanatana.  Rupacandra paid a visit to Rupa and Sanatana and offered his respects.  They warmly welcomed him, inquiring about his well being and the purpose for his visit.  Rupacandra said, "I have completed my studies of all the scriptures and would now like to have a debate with you. "Disinterested the two Gosvamis replied, "What is the purpose of such a debate?"  The Pandita answered, "I want to see who will be the winner."  "There is no need to debate," the Gosvamis replied, "we accept defeat from you."  Disappointed, Shri Rupacandra left the place.


          Rupacandra went to the bank of the Jamuna where he bragged everyone, "The Gosvamis were afraid to debate with me."  Overhearing his boasting statements, Shri Jiva angrily stated, "I am a pupil of Rupa and Sanatana.  If you can defeat me then I shall accept you as the winner.  You will now learn how clever Rukpa and Sanatana are by indulging in debate with me."


          Thus a heated debated inssued which continued for five days without conclusion.  At last, on the seventh day Shri Jiva was declared the undiputed winner.  Shri Jiva expertly defeated the philosophy of Advaitavada held by Rupacandra, and established the superiority of the path of devotional service above jnana and karma. 


          The defeated Rupacandra humbly bowed at the feet of Shri Jiva Gosvami, who embraced Rupacandra and placed his feet on his head.  Shri Rupacandra said, "O master, by your grace I have seen the truth.  Please forgive my offenses and purify my mind."  Shri Jiva said, "You have done nothing wrong to me, ??you have been favored by Prabhu Chaitanya Gosvami."  Hearing this Rupacandra tearfully took the dust of Shri Jiva's feet and placed it on his head.  "O Shri Jiva," he continued, "there is no limit to the offences I have committed.  Out of pride I insulted Rupa and Sanatana.  Remembering my arrogance my heart burns with misery."  In this way Rupacandra lamented his previous conceited behavior, and Shri Jiva affectionately consoled him. 


          When Shri Jiva took brought him before Shri Rupa and Sanatana, Rupacandra lay prostrate on the ground at the feet of the two Gosvamis lamenting, "There is no one in the three worlds who is a more worthless sinner than I.  Puffed-up with false prestige, I foolishly invited you to debate with me.  O my lords please forgive me.  Due to the mercy of Shri Jiva Gosvami I am now able to come before you with the proper mentality."  Appreciating the humility of Rupacandra, Shri Rupa and Sanatana blessed him, placing their feet on his head saying, "You have done nothing offensive as your mind has now become purified by the mercy of Shri Krishna Chaitanya."  Saying this Rupa and Sanatana embraced Rupacandra, who humbly requested to be initiated.  As Rupa and Sanatana considered his request, a voice was suddenly heard from the sky, "Give Rupacandra Harinama.  He will get the Gopalamantra from Narottama."  Being thus ordered, the Gosvamis poured Harinama into the ears of Rupacandra.  Santana told him, "Always chant the holy name of the Lord, in time you will receive the Krishnamantra from Narottama who has taken birth in a village named Kheturi in Gaderhat Gopalapura.  At the age of 12, he will come to Vrndavana and take initiation from Lokanatha Gosvami," saying this he fell silent. 


          Rupacandra took the dust of the feet of the Gosvamis on his head, then suddenly the Supreme Lord Narayana entered in the body of Rupacandra.  Observing the spiritual effulgence of Rupacandra, the Gosvamis embraced him saying, "As Narayana has entered into your body, from now on you shall be known as Rupanarayana."  Speaking thus, they empowered him with divine shakti. 


          Rupanaryana stayed in Vrndavana, studying Bhakti sastras from Shri Jiva Gosvami. He read the Bhagavata as well as many Gosvami literatures, visited all the holy places in Mathura, and absorbed himself in nama sankirtana.  Daily he bowed to the feet of the Vaishnavas; Shri Rupa, Sanatana, Raghunatha Bhatta, Shri Jiva, Gopala Bhatta, Raghunatha dasa, Krishnadasa brahmacari, Kashiswara and others, who all offered him their blessings.  Eventually Rupanarayana bid farewell to all and started for Nilacala.


          In Nilacala he found out that Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu had departed from the world.  Overwhelmed with sadness, Rupanaryana fell on the groun unconscious.  Due to the desire of the Lord, he fell asleep and in a dream the Lord directed him as such, "Listen to me Rupanarayana, soon you will meet Narasimha Raya, and shortly thereafter you will meet Narottama who will give you the Gopala mantra."  Saying this Mahaprabhu placed His feet on the head of Rupanarayana then disappeared.  Waking from his sleep, Rupanarayana cried joyfully and rushed to the house of Gadadhara Pandita to report everything.  From there he went to meet Shri Svarupa Damodara, who gave him many valuable instructions.  Svarupa Damodara Gosvami blessed Rupanaryana by placing his feet on his head and empowering him divine potency.


          Rupanarayana went to the temple of Jagannatha where he sang his own compositions in glorification of Lord Jagannatha.  While in Puri, Rupanarayan met all the devotees of Mahaprabhu.  One day he happened to come across Ramananda and humbly bowed to his feet upon learning of his identity. 


          After some time, Rupanarayana traveled on to Gauda where he received the heart-breaking of the worldly disappearance of Shri Advaita Prabhu.  Filled with lamentation, Rupanaryana eventually fell asleep and was blessed with the darsana of Advaita Acarya who lovingly placed his feet of Rupanaryana's head.


          Rupanaryana traveled on to various places until he heard the devastating news of Nityananda Prabhu's departure from this world.  Nityananda Prabhu, also appeared to him in a dream.  Placing his feet on the head Rupanaryana, Nitai also assured him, "Do not worry.  You will soon get the association of Narasimha and after that you will meet Narottama."  Thus speaking, Nityananda Prabhu vanished.


          Rupanaryana woke up and went to the Ganges to take his bath.  At that time a king, accompanied by many brahmana Panditas and subjects, arrived at the same spot. Rupanarayana was elated to find out that the king was none other than Narasimha Raya.  While Rupanarayana was bathing, the king noticed him and was enchanted by his beauty.  Thus the king took the initiation to introduce himeself and kindly invited Rupanarayana to his palace. 


          The brahmana scholars in the court of the king challenged Rupanaryana to prove his his spiritual prowess by debating with them. Needless to say, Rupanaraya easily defeated them.  Thus his fame spread rapidly throughout the country.  The king enjoyed his company greatly and depended upon his good counsil to solve many problems.  I (the poet) was fortunate enough to take lessons on yoga from Rupanarayana.  He was a versatile genius in all yoga sastra, and thus I accepted him as my yoga guru.  Shri Isvari instructed me to write something about his glories.


          One day as Narasimha sat in his court with Rupanaryana, some brahmana Panditas arrived there to lodge their complaints against the son of Krishnananda Datta, Narottama dasa Thakura.  They accused him of ushering in the age of Kali by committing the great offence of initiating a brahmana, although he was nothing more than a sudra.  With great apprehention they expressed their concern, " Since Narottama has been preaching Vaisnavism, the worship of all other gods is being completely neglected and the offering of animals in sacrifice is now practically obsolete.  Many people have taken Vaishnava mantras and given up eating meat." Someone else gripped, "All Vaidik and Tantric rituals have been discarded by these people, who simply sing and dance like madmen in sankirtana.  Narottama probabaly has some mystical powers by which he has captured the minds of these people.  He has somehow managed to initiate many scholarly brahmana disciples.  It seems he is going to make a laughing stock of the brahminical class."  In this way they appealed to the king to save the prestige of the brahmana class by sending Rupanarayana to defeat Narottama in a debate. 


          Turning to Rupanarayana the king asked his advice. Without hesitation Rupanarayana authoritatively replied, "O king, taking these brahmanas with us, we must leave at once. Do not think of doing anything else.  The time of your good fortune has now come.  By his immense spiritual potency, Thakura Mahasaya is drawing us to him."  Rupanaryana ordered the brahmana scholars, "Let us go immeidately to the place of Narottama.  There we will defeat him in debate."  Yet, within himself Rupanaryana thought, "All of us will be delivered by the mercy of Thakura Mahasaya." Thus Raya, Rupanarayana, and all the professors started for Kheturi.  Not far from Kheturi, they stopped to rest at Kumarapura.


          Meanwhile, news spread to Thakura Mahasaya and his disciples in Kethuri that Narsimha Raya and a band of scholars were approaching with the intention of defeating Narottama in debate.  The disciples quickly devised a brilliant scheme, and with the permission of Narottama, Ramacandra, Govinda, Ganganarayana, Harihara, Ramakrishna and Jagannatha started for Kumarapura.  There each of them secretly accepted the guise of various types of shopkeepers (Sindi, Varai, Teli and Kumar).  Corresponding with their new dress, each devotee sat in the appropriate shop selling their wares. 


          As expected, some of the pupils of the brahmana Panditas came to those shops to buy various items.  To their amazement, when the pupils asked the price of an item, the shopkeeper replied speaking in Sanskrit.  Being proud brahmanas, they concealed their surpise, and replied also in Sanskrit.  One thing led to another and eventually each pupil found themselves caught in a heated debate with the shopkeepers.  Within no time, the pupils were easily defeated.  The victorious shopkeepers jokingly teased the pupils, telling them to return to their studies and send their professors for further debates.  Humiliated, the pupils returned to their camp and reported the extraordinary event. "When we asked the shopkeepers where they recieved their education from they told us that they had studied in Kheturi."


          Outraged at the audicity of the shopkeepers, the indignant professors rushed to the marketplace to save the honor of the brahmanas--or so they thought.  To their dismay, the professors were also easily defeated in debate by the shopkeepers.  Humiliated, they returned to the king and said, "We will not go to Kheturi, let us leave this place immediately."  Rupa Narayana tried to pacify them saying, "Don't be afraid, Narottama Thakura will shower his blessings on all of us.  What is the need to run away.  Actually, according to sastras the position of a Vaishnava is superior to all. 


          The goodhearted shopkeepers then came before the pupils with the items they had come to purchase in their shops and offered them to the students free of charge.  "We could make a profit from you," they said, but we would rather give you these items as a gift to the brahmanas."  Saying this the shopkeepers left.


          That night after finishing their meal, the king and his followers took rest.  As the Panditas slept goddess Bhagavati appeared before them in their dreams.  Holding a sword in her hand she angrily chastised them, "You rogues, I shall behead you so-called Panditas.  All your studies have been in vain because you have criticized Narottama.  By this offence you have purchased your ticket to hell.  It is not enough just to satisfy me.  Narottama is the incarnation of the Lord's ecstatic feature.  A true brahmana is one who has actually understood Brahman.  Narottama not only understands Brahman, but he has captured the Supreme Brahman, Krishna within his heart and thus a bright sacred thread is permanently imbedded in the heart of Narottama.  The sacred thread worn by brahmanas is simply the external sing of the class of brahmana.  You must become true brahmanas by accepting initiation from Narottama tomorrow.  You can be saved from the suffering of hell only by the mercy of Narottama." Saying this Bhagavati disappeared.


          The professors woke up from their sleep trembling with fear.  When they revealed the dream to the king he said, "You did not heed my advice regarding Narottama.  He is not an ordinary man, even the demigods in heaven worship his feet." Understanding their mistake, the Panditas took their bath and rushed towards Kheturi.


          In Kheturi they offered their obeisances to the Deity, then went straight to Narottama and fell flat at his feet begging, "O respected Gosvami, please be merciful to us." Narottama offered his blessings and gave them initiation in Krishna mantra.


          Following is a list of the chief Panditas:  Yadunath Vidyabhusana, Kalinath Tarkabhusana, Haridasa Siromani, Candra Kanta Naya Panchanama, Sivacandra Vidyavagisha and Durgadasa Vidyaratna.  But I do not know the names of the pupils.


          King Narasimha and Rupanarayana also offered their respect to the Deities then to Narottama, who mercifully placed his feet on their head.  Narottama also gave initiation in the Krishna mantra to King Narasimha.  After hearing the glories of Rupanarayana from Narasimha, Narottama happily showedhis favor to Rupanarayana by pouring Hari mantra and its meaning into his ear.  He also gave him the Gopala mantra comsisting of ten letters and the Kama gayatra and Kama bija.  Rupanaryana lay prostrate at the feet of Narottama and took the feet of his guru to his head.  He also bowed at the feet of Ramacandra and others.


          Rupa Narayana, King Narasimha and the others observed the arati ceremony, then happily took prasada.  Shri Thakura Mahasaya respected prasada first, then gave his remnants to his disciples.  The following day Narasimha brought his wife to Narottama and she was also given initiation.


          One day two brahmanas from Kheturi came to Narottama and after bowing at his feet explained, "We had a dream that you would give us initiation."  Accepting them, Narottama chanted the Krishna mantra into their ears and they became ecstatic with love.  These two brothers belonged to Sarvarna caste and Radha class, their names were Shri Balarama and Rupanarayana?. They were residents of Kheturi and known to be very devotionally minded.  Observing the natural devotional tendencies, Narottama engaged them in the service of the Deities.  Gradually Narottama's influence spread and many persons came to him for initiation. 


          Now I shall describe some incidents which will help to purify the minds of the listeners.  In due course of time the full moon day in the month of Falguna again approached.  As usual, all the Mahantas began to assemble in Kheturi for a grand festival.  Thus Narottama arranged a festival on the third day of the full moon in this month--to have the upper hand over the heretics???.  Many, many Vaishnavas attended, to name a few:  Syamananda, Rasika, Hrdaya Chaitanya, Acyutananda, Krishna Misra, Vasudha, Jahnava, Ganga and Viracandra, Madhava Acarya, Sundarananda, Yadunandana, Shri Raghunandana, Shridasa, Gokulananda, Sulochana, Raja Vira Hamvira, Krishna Bhatta Vyasa and Shrinivasa Acarya. 


          During the festival Shrinivasa gave discourses on Shrimad Bhagavatam. Viracandra Gosvami also delivered an astounding lecture expertly expouding Vaishnava philosophy. "O my brothers," he said, "do not accept anyone other than a Vaishnava as your worshipful guru.  If you have accepted a non-Vaishnava guru, please leave him at once and worship the feet of a pure Vaishnava.  The Krishna mantra is the essence of all types of mantras.  Let us simply accept the Krishna mantra as our all and all."  Again he reiterated, "You must take that mantra from a Vaishnava who is properly following the authorized sampradaya.  Discard any mantra given by an asampradayee."


          He went to to explain further, "A man is called a Vaishnava when he becomes the bearer of the Krishna mantra. Such a Vaishnava is great that a brahmana.  If one is a Krishna devotee he cannot be considered a sudra, whereas a so-called brahmana who has no devotion to Krishna is the lowest of sudras.  Just as bell metel in turned to gold through an alchemical process, similarly anyone may become a brahmana with the help of initiation in the Krishna mantra.  Because Narottama has come from a Kayastha family some foolish persons ignore him calling him a sudra.  But he is a great devotee of Krishna, which makes him far greater than a brahmana.  Anyone who has deep knowledge of the sastra understand this principle very well.  The sastra states that initiation in Krishna mantra makes a person a brahmana.  He who disregards this sastric conclusion surely goes to hell.  The Supreem Lord is known as Brahman, Paramatma and Bhagavan.  A person can be called a brahmana when he serves Krishna inwardly and outwardly.  Everyone can see the sacred thread of a brahmana, but a true brahmana hides it in his heart.  After tearing open his heart only will one be able to see the sacred thread of a genuine brahmana.  Narottama is the incarnation of the devotional love of Nityananda Prabhu, thus you should accept Narottama as a part of God Himself.  He can show you his sacred thread by tearing open his heart, just as Hunuman revealed Sita Rama seated in his heart."


          Narottama then revealed to the devotees a brilliant auspicious sacred thread within his heart.  The heretic, however, were unable to perceive this transcendental phenomenon.  The devotees were mad with joy, and the atheists trembled with fear.  Everyone, even the non-believers, spontanceouly bowed at the feet of Narottama and sang his glories loudly.  Narottama then hid his sacred thread, and offered his blessings to the heretics.  Transformed by the love of Narottama, they embraced one another and offered their respects at the feet of all the devotees. 


          After taking a little rest, the sankirtana recital began.  After bowing at the feet of Narottama, Rupanarayana began to sing, accompanied by Narasimha on the khola. Their performance was wonderful and everyone beagn danced and sang in ecstacy. 


          After the sankirtana Rupanarayana was introduced to Viracandra who embraced him affectionately.  Rupanarayana fell at Viracandra's feet taking the dust of his feet on his head.  Viracandra told Rupanarayana, "You devotion has melted my heart. You will be the inheritor of the power of Shri Rupa Gosvami.  Thus I am giving you the title Gosvami." Rupanarayana was elated with joy and placed the feet of Viracandra on his head.  Acyutananda, Krishna Misra, Shri Gopala, Shrinivasa, Syamananda, Raghunandana, Ramacandra, Santosh Datta, Shri Gokula Nanda, Vasudha, Jahnava, Ganga, Shri Govinda and all the others devotees also showered their blessings upon Rupanarayana, who humly took the dust of each of their feet. 


          After the Mahantas departure from Kheturi, Rupanarayana remained there for some time.  One day he requested Thakura Mahasaya to give him his siddha nama.  Thakura Mahasaya blessed him and gave him his siddhanama as "Narayana manjari."  The glory of Narottama is endless.  How can an ignorant person like I properly describe him?

          As my Thakurani, Shri Jahnava, had promised she sent a beautiful Deity of Shri Radha to Shri Gopinatha in Vrndavana, where She was installed on Gopinatha's left side.  I h ave not described the life of Shri Isvari elaborately here because I have done so in Vira Candra Carita.  Jahnava had eights sons, but seven of them died. Only Viracandra surrvived. 


          At the time of the disappearance mahotsava for Narahari Sarkara in Shri Khanda, all the Mahantas assembled in honor of that great Vaishnava.  One blind man Ramai also attended that festival to enjoy the singing and dancing.  However, bieng unable to observe the dancing due to his blindness, he began to lament piteously.  Seeing Ramai's dilemn, Viracandra prabhu showered his mercy upon him.  He touched the eyes of Ramai saying, "See Ramai, everyone is dancing in sankirtana." Regaining his eyesight, Ramai was overwhelmed with ecstacy and fell at the feet of Viracandra, who placed his feet on Ramai's head.  Everyone present shouted joyfully, embraced one another and praised Viracandra profusely.


          Viracandra prabhu had a number of disciples.  One of them was Jaya Gopala of Kandra village.  Unfortunately, he disobeyed the order of his guru and was thus rejected by Viracandra prabhu.


          One day Viracandra took permission from his mother and startef for Nilacala to see Lord Jagannatha.  There he met all the associates of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and visited all the places of the Lord's pastimes.  He then traveled on to Gopivallavapura where he met Shri Syamananda.  After a few days he came to Kardaha.  Then he started for Vrndavana. From Khardaha he went to Navadvipa via Amvika and Santipura. In Navadvipa he enjoyed visitng the sacred sites of Mahaprabhu's pastimes.  He traveled passed through Khanda, then on to Yajigrama, where he stayef for two to four days. Kheturi was his next stop via Katwa and Budhari.  He stayed in Kheturi for some days then went on to Vrndavana.


          In Vrndavana he met all the Gosvamis and visited Mathura mandala.  He took the darsana of Shri Govinda, Gopinatha, Radha Ramana, Madanan Mohana, Radha Damodara, and Radha Vinoda.  After visiting Vraja, Viracandra went to Ekacakra, the birthplace of Nityananda Prabhu.  Seeing the places of Nitai's childhood sports, Viracandra wept with love.  From there he returned to Kheturi, where he was greeted with respect and love by Narottama.  They embraced each other, took darsana of the Deities, and became absorbed in sankirtana.  After some time they sat down to take prasada and talked about Vrndavana.  Viracandra conveyed Lokanatha Gosvami's blessings to Narottama, and Narottama wept with gratitude.


          After some time Viracandra started for Yajigrama.  When Shrinivasa Acarya heard that Viracandra was coming, he rushed forward to greet him.  He ushered Viracandra to his house where he and his wife, Gaurangapriya Iswari, bowed humbly at his feet.  Viracandra warmly embraced Shrinivasa.  Sitting together Shrinivasa listened intently to the news of Vrndavana and recieved the blessings of Bhatta Gosvami as conveyed by Viracandra.  After a few days Viracandra returned to Khardaha via Khanda and bowed at the feet of Vasudha and Jahnava. Viracandra then described his tour to his mothers.  As I have explained the glories of Viracandra in Viracandra Carita, I will not elaborate on them further now.


          The order of my spiritual master is my only shelter. Falling at the feet of Shri Jahnava and Viracandra, I, Nityananda dasa write Prem Vilasa.