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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Narahari Chakravarti Thakura > Bhaktiratnakara > CHAPTER 5




Glory to Shri Gaura Govinda, the Lord of everything.

Glory to Nityananda, Deva Haladara, glory to Shri Advaita the foremost distributor of devotion.

Glory to Shri Pandita Gadadhara the mine of love. Glory to Shrivasa Panditathe friend of the poor. Glory to all the devotees of Shri Mahaprabhu.

Have mercy on us as we are completely dependent on your grace. Glory to all the listeners of Bhaktiratnakara who possess all devotional qualities. Kindly listen to my story.

I have been discussing the affectionate behavior of Shri Rupa Gosvami toward Shrinivasa Acarya and Narottama Mahasaya. One day Shri Jiva Gosvami decided he would request Shrinivasa and Narottama to tour all of the holy places. He wondered who should guide them on such a tour. While he ws contemplating this point Raghava Gosvami arrived from Govardhana. Shri Jiva was very glad to see him and inquired about his well being. Raghava told Shri Jiva, "I have decided to tour Vraja and for that reason I have come here early." Shri Jiva was quite happy to hear that and asked Raghava to take Shrinivasa and Narottama with him. Raghava was pleased with the idea. Meanwhile, Shrinivasa and Narottama arrived there and bowed at the feet of Shri Jiva and Raghava. Raghava embraced Shrinivasa and Narottama very affectionately for which the two boys were overjoyed. Shri Jiva Gosvami told them about the tour of the holy places in Vraja and overwhelmed with joy they took their leave from the devotees. Shri Jiva Gosvami hearily bid them farewell.

Shrinivasa and Narottama tour Vrndavana with Shri Raghava

Shri Raghava travelled happily to Mathura with Shrinivasa and Narottama. They first reached the temple of Shri Kesava Deva where Subhuddhi Roy had once stayed. They all sang in praise of Shri Subhuddhi Roy and in the evening began a nama sankirtana. Who can described the devotional character of Raghava Gosvami who was always absorbed in the joy of divine love of God?

The eulogy of Shri Raghava Gosvami


Who can describe the activities of such a great Vaishnava as Shri Raghava? He belonged to a Kulin brahmin family of South India and he always showed favor to the poor. He published different holy books like Bhaktiratna Prakasa. As a great scholar Raghava Gosvami always lived in Govardhan, the place which was most dear to him.

It is stated in Gaura Gana Desa Dipika: the person who was Sakhi Champakalata, the dearest friend of Shri Radha in Vraja, has appeared as Shri Raghava Gosvami, the resident of Govardhan, in Gauralila. He has published a book called Bhaktiratna Prakasa.

From time to time Raghava Pandita would visit the holy places in Vrndavana and at other times he stayed with Shri Dasa Gosvami. Sometimes both of them would come to Vrndavana to meet the other devotees. Raghava always chanted the glories of radha Krishna and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and floated in his own tears. He used to roll in the dust of Vrndavana and he never felt the urge of hunger. Who can undrstand the depths of his attachment from worldly pleasures? Shri Raghava knew that Shrinivasa and Narottama were of the same mentality - full of love and devotion - and therefore he loved them intensely. At dawn, in the absence of the other listeners, Shri Raghava began to describe the uncountable pastimes of Shri Krishna in Mathura Mandala. King Bajaranath of Mathura Mandala established many villages which he named after the variious lilas of Krishna. By installing many deities of Krishna and by developing many kundas King Bajaranath satisfied his own long-cherished desires. In the coure of time the holy places of Vraja were forgotten: no one cared to discuss or remember those holy places or those pastimes. Much later, Shri Krishna Chaitanya, who was Vrajendra Kumar himself, came to Mathura and indicated the obscure locations of those holy places. He described everything about those places to Sanatana and Rupa. Although Rupa and Sanatana were familar with the places andtheir importance, never the less they sought evidence from the scriptures.  After collecting scriptural references, they travelled to each of the holy places in Vraja. With utmost care they revealed many of the holy places which were concealed. They also revealed the glory of Radha and Krishna and the essence of their divine love. Rupa and Sanatana were very dear to Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and because of their sincere endeavor to reveal the holy places, people now know the glory of Mathura.

Description of the glories of Mathura

Mathura Mandala cover 25 Yajanas of land. One who takes his bath anywhere in Mathura is freed from his sins. Adi Varahapurana confirms that statement about Mathura: as darkness is vanquished by the sun rise, as mountains tremble in fear of thunder, as snakes fear Garuda, as clouds are removed by the blowing wind, as miseries are destroyed through cultivation of knowledge, s deer tremble in fear of lions, as heaps of grass can be burnt by fire, so all the sins of man can be destroyed by observing all the places of Mathura.

In the conversation of Hara Gaurai in the Patala Khanda of Padma Purana, the same information has been given: each and every step taken within the 20 yajanas of Mathura give the same virtous result as an asvamedha Yajana. If anyone commits a sin - either intentionally or unintentionally - he can be freed from that sim by visiting any place within Mathura.(Adi VP and P Purana)

According to the Padma Purana: any sin committed in Mathura, is destroyed in Mathura itself. By living in Mathura one can attain the foregos of human life namely virtue love, wealth and salvation (dharmarth, Kalm, mokasha?)

The Patala Khanda of Padma Purana says: O Maha devi the result of whatever sin forces a man to suffer ten years outside of Mathura can be destoryed within ten days by living in Mathura. In the Adi Varaha Purana it is stated: O Vasundhare, in all, on the earth, or in th sky, there is no place more dear to me than Mathura.

There are also quotes from Narada in the Mathura Khanda of Skanda Purana: the results which one gets by living in India for thirty thousand and thirty hundred years is easily attained simply by remembering the glory of Mathura.

In Patala Khanda of Padma Purana it is stated: if someone cherishes the hope of visiting Mathura but never gets the opportunity or if someone dies outside Mathura cherishing that hope of visiting Mathura he will attain a birth in Mathura.

In Adi varaha Purana it is stated: O Vasudhav, I have indicated 60 thousand millions and 60 hundred million holy places in Mathura Mandala. From the Mathura Khanda of Skanda Purana it is stated: O King, in the course of time, it may be possible to count the particles of dust on the earth but the number of holy places in Mathura cannot be counted. Dear man, do live in Mathurapuri where Govinda - the creator of the three worlds - and his Gopis exist eternally. O lovers of worldly affairs do take a lesson. If your want to get eternal happiness simply live in Mathura in Madhupur.

Another quote from Adi Varaha Purana says: the person who rejects Mathura and lives in any other holy place or even expresses his love for living outside of Mathura is a foolish person. By my illusory potency that man will pass life after life in this material world. The same verse is quoted in the Skanda Purana.

The Adi Vraha Purana also says: Madhupuri is the refuge of those who have been rejected by friends and family and have no other shelter. Mathura is the goal for those who want to visit the most worthy places, the most secret place of all.

Again in the Adi Varaha Purana it is stated: O devi within the three worlds there is certainly no other holy place that Mathura. I have lived there throughout the ages.

In the fourth chapter of Shrimad Bhagavatam (4/8/42) it is stated: My dear, let all good come to you. Go to the bank of the Jamuna where you will find the holy and auspicious Madhuvana, the eternal abode of Shri Hari.

A verse in Vishnu Purana  says: Satrughna founded the city of Mathura after killing the powerful demon Lavana, the son of the demon Madhu. Madhuvana is the abode of Mahadevi, the deity of all deities, and a great devotee of Hari. Mahadev executed his meditation in Mathura, the place which can destroy all sins.

In Padma Purana there is a verse: Mathura may be extended up to 40 Yajanas. The Lord of Lords, Shri Hari remains there eternally.

A verse in the Adi Purana says: the opportunity to live in mathura cannot be gained by different types of virtues, different types of charieties, austure practices or various oracles but can only be gained by the grace of Lord Krishna. Living in mathura is made possible by the grace of Shri Krishna, and without that grace one cannot remain  in Mathura for even a second

In the Uttra Khanda of the Padma Purana there is a verse: Only those persons who have faithful devotion to Shri Hari and have gotten his grace are inclined to live in Mathura.

Again in the Nirvana Purana of Padma Purana: O great brahmin when a person obtains virtue through religious meditation and austerities and he continually follows the path of celebacy, only then can he attain the darshan of my auspicious Mathurapuri. No other type of effort will help him attain this.

Another verse in the Adi Varaha Purana states: The ultimate goal of the Yogis and the great source is easily attained by one who dies in Mathura. O devi, any person who dies in any place within Mathura - a holy place, a home or even a courtyard - attains certain salvation. However, if he meets death any where else he wil not attain salvation. In this world mathura is the best of all holy places such as Kashi and others. Whoever can sincerly maintain Brahmacarya, die and be ceremeated her, he can attain the four types of salvation. That same salvation is awarded to insects who die here or even trees which fall with their roots torn up.

Another verse in the Patala Khanda of Padma Purana states: If the ceremony of Pindadana (offering homage to dead souls) of low caste people like Candalas, Sudras, women and animal-killers can be performed in Mathura, those people will avoid repeated births. O Devi if any being dies inthe drain, on the bricks or even in the crematorium or the sky or on any platform of any house in Mathura, he can surely attain salvation.

A verse in the Saura Puranas states: upon the earth exists the sand holy places of Mathura which is gratified as the dust of the feet of Lord Krishna, the Lord of the three worlds. That holy place is decorated by celestial roads. Simply by touching the dust of Mathura people can attain salvation from the miseries and agonies of the material world.

In Mathura Khanda it is stated: Thoughts such as "I shall live in Mathura" or "I shal go to Mathura" are also sufficent to gaurantee attainment of salvation from the material world.

A verse in Brahamanda states: those who get the darshan of Lord Achyuta, the son of Devaki, can attain Vishnuloka and are never driven back to the material world. Those who devotedly perform the festivals related to the Yatras of Krishna also go to Vishnuloka freed from all sorts of vices and sins. Another verse in the Patla Khanda of Padma Purana says: Women, untouchables, Sudras, animals, birds, deer, etc. can attain salvation if they die in Mathura. Those who die by snake bite, by the attack of wild animals, from fire, from water, or any other sort of unnatural death, while in Mathura, are transferred to Vaikuntha loka, the abode of Hari.

A verse in the Brahmananda Purana says: O great sage, I assure you that there is no other place in this world like Mathura. It can fulfil all the desires of all living beings.

The Mathura Khanda of the Skanda Purana states: is there any type of result which cannot be attained in mathura where Kshetrapala Mahadev exists eternally and where there are holy places like Visramghat? Mathura suffices the three objects of human life for those who enjoy sensual and earthly pleasures (religion, wealth and love; it grants salvation to those who seek; and restores devotional qualities on the devotees. Wise men should take shelter in Mathura.

The Adi Varaha Purana states: as even the Lord himself cannot describe all these spiritual qualities of Mathura, Mathura must be a special creation of Providence,.

The Mathura Khanda states: O King, this eternal place Mathura is shaped like a lotus situated on the chakra of Vishnu and it shall never perish.

The Patala Khanda of Padma Purana again states: the word Mathura is comprised as Ma the first letter, thu the middle letter and ra the last. Just like the work Onkara, these three syallables make the word Mathura. Ma represents Maharudra Siva; thu represents Vishnu and ra represents Brahma. Salvation is the self desired for all those who visit holy places, but those who desire instead devotion to Hari can obtain that only in Mathura. O great sage, if anyone spends even three days in Mathura, Hari grants them precious divine love which even the most sacred of salvation remain eager to get.

From the Brahmanda Purana there is a verse: the attainment of precious divine love which maybe obtained by serving the holy places of the three worlds can easily be attained only by touching the dust of Mathura.

The Mathura Khanda of Skanda Purana states: O King, those who constantly remember Mathura and the king of Mathura Krishna may attain the result of visiting all holy places; they will also attain devotional servitude at the feet of Lord Hari.

In the Patala Khanda of Padma Purana states: Mathura is more glorious than the Vaikuntha dham of Narayana for anyone who spends even one day in Mathura he will become devoted to the lotus feet of Shri Hari.

A verse in the Adi Vraha Purana says: if anyone desires freedom from material bondage and success in the realm of devotion he should sing the glories of Mathura with his body and mind and words. Krishna's Mathura Mandala covers 20 Yajanas.

According to the scriptures the boundry of Mathura extends from Jayavara to Saukarai Vatweswara. The name Jayavara comes from the name of a brahmin and Saukarai comes from Adi Sakara. The temple of Vateswara Siva is there and the state is ruled by Shri Surasana. People used to call the place Varaha Dasanahrada, but the Puranas says that was Jayawara Saukari.

The Yamuna Mahatmya of Padma Purana states: in ancient times it was a beautiful place occupied by Apsaras. An ascetic brahmin named  Jayavara who lived there was overwhelmed by sensual pleasures. That brahmin had become very thin because of a curse from Indra, yet he freed himself from sin through austere practices. That brahmin then travelled East till he reached Saukalapuri where Lord Adi Varaha Deva had previously manifest himself to rescue the Earth when it had sunk in the ocean of universal czthclysm. The present name of Saukaripuri is Sukaratala.

There are many holy places within the district of Mathura's 20 Yojanas. The Puranas classified these holy places within Mathura Mandala where Krishna used to play, stating that these holy places covered 12 yojanas. This is also confirmed in the mathura Khanda.

A verse in the Adi Varaha Purana states: Mathura Mandala extends throughout 24 krosas and is decorated with dvadasvanas where Mathura devi, the bestower of all accomplishments, used to exist. O vasundhari the lotus-like Mathura is the bestower of salvation for all. Within the seed-pod of Mathura exists Adi Kesava deva, man's deliverer from the miseries and agonies of life. Those who die within the seed pod can attain salvation as well as those who die on its petals.

O mind, why do you remant after observing Hari deva, the worshipable Lord of Mahadev, the deity of deities who is seated on the western petal of this lotus? If anyone gets the darshan f Govindadev seated on the northern petal, he will be freed from births of the material world until the time of the universal deluge. Lord Visanti is known to have sat on the Southern petal.   

If any person can get the darshan of Kesava dev on the twelfth day of the full moon in the month of Jaistha after taking a bath in Mathura and maintaing complete indifference to material pleasures, he will obtain the ultimate refuge. O Vasundhari, when I lie down all the holy places, and lakes of the world come to Mathura.

The Skanda Purana states: originally Matyurapuri is the forest of the demon Madhu who was slain by the almighty Shri Hari. O King, nothing is impossible within this Madhuvana of Shri Hari. I am not capable of mentioning the names of all the holy places.

Explaining the glory of Mathura through these Puranic references, Raghava Pandita could not check his emotions. After finishing the required morning duties Shrinivasa acarya, Narottama and Raghava Pandita began to tour Mathura. They went first fothe house of a Sanai brahmin where Krishna Chaitanya used to beg alms. The brahmin was a disciple of Madavendra Puri Gosvami and had witnessed the transcendental pastimes of Chaitanya.

Shri Raghava Pandita said to Shrinivasa, "Gaura Candra used to dance here in ecstasy. Numerous people came to observe his dancing, and they all became absorbed in nama sankirtana. They cried as they thought of Mahaprabhu as Vrajandan himslef. They would not leave his association as they swam in an ocean of love. That was the wonderful pastimes of Mahaprabhu here." Raghava Pandita sighed deeply while remebering the pastime of Gauranga Candra and Narottama and Shrinivasa cried in ecstasy. They rolled on the ground as they cried and their bodies were covered with dust. After a long time they were able to control themselves.

"A wise person once told them that Advaita Gosvami stayed in Mathura during his pilgrimage because of the beauty here," said Raghava Pandita. "At that time there was a worthless brahmin in Mathura who invariably spoke ill of the Vaishnava devotees. That was his worst habit. He was a proud scholar and a wicked man so the inhabitants of mathura feared him. Once he used abusive language about the Vaishnavas in front of Shri Advaita Prabhu. Advaita became so furious that his lips began to tremble and his eyes grew red. He shouted at the brahmin, `O wicked man, today you will not be freed from me. I shall severe your head from yur body with this chakra.' Advaita assumed a four armed figure, andthe brahmin began to tremble in fear. He folded his hands and tried to pacify Advaita by saying, `O Lord, punish me as you like. Unfortunately I have lost my good intelligence and according to Vaishnava tattva I have comitted sins. Please be kind to me and save me from these sins.' The brahmin began to cry helplessly, and Advaita concealed his four handed figure. Seeing the wretched condition of the brahmin Advaita felt pity for him and decided to bless him. `The sins which you have comitted will send you to hell,' said Advaita. `But I will tell you what you must do now. By admitting your guilt mentality you must try to give up all pleasures and engage yourself in nama sankirtana. Serve the Vaishnavas with your heart and soul and be very cautious in your dealings with them.  Engage yourself in worship according to the standards of pure devotion and do not tell anyone what you have seen today.'

After advising the brahmin Prabhu Adaita left on pilgrimage. The brahmin absorbed himself in nama sankirtana and proved himself humble by visiting every house in Mathura with tears in his eyes. Observig his sincere efforts the Vaishnavas became satisfied and wished him well. The Vaishnavas wondered what had caused the change in the brahmin's behavior. One man knew the reason. `A brahmin once came to Mathura whose effulgence was as bright as the sun. But most likely he was the Lord in a human form. He has changed the brahmin.' Shrinivasa this places is very auspicious. Now I will show you the place which is shaped like a crescent.

In the Adi Varaha Puana it is stated: If the killer of a brahmin, a drunkard or a killer of cows, or any person who violates Brahmacarya can so circumbulate Mathura, hw will be freed from the results of his sins. Any pilgrim from a far away country who so corcumbulates Mathura he becomes empowered to purify others whom he meets in his travles.

This is the room of Devaki and Vasudeva where Lord Krishna took his birth. According to the Puranas, darshan of this birth place of Krishna can free even a sinner from his sinful reactions.

O Shrinivasa, look at Kesava deva because in this place Shri Chaitanya once danced in ecstasy. Those who saw him dance thought that he was Shri Kesava Ray himself. Who can describe the glory of Shri Kesava Ray? Whoever so circumbulates Shri Kesava Ray in Mathura attains the virtue of circumbulating the earth with its seven islands. Singing the kirtana of Kesava Rai will destroy sins comitted in this age and in ages to come.

Look at beautiful Mathura where the deities of Dirghaaisnu, Padmanava and Sayambhuva exist. The darshan of these deities fulfil the desires of all mankind. (Adi Varaha Purana)

O Shrinivasa, taking darshan of the relatives of Krishna like Ekanamsa devi (Yoga maya), Yasoda devi and Deviki devi can save a person from the sin of killing a brahmin. (Adi Varaha Purana)

In Mathura lives the deity of Viriteswara. Darshan of Kshetrapatla Mahadeva will assist one in reaching the abode of Krishna. (Adi Varaha Purana). If anyone does not care for the worship of Siva, who is my great devotee, how can that sinner attend devotion to me?"

Description of the holy places of Mathura

Now I look at this great holy place named Shri Visranti. It was here that Krishna took rest after killing Kamsa. O Shrinivasa, the supreme ascetic Shri Chaitanya also performed many transcendental activities here. All people - women, men, aged, young and even children - would gather to see the great ascetic. Millions of people acknowledged that the best of all ascetics had come to Mathura. Raising their arms in the air and crying, they would shout the name of Hari. The beauty of Gaura Candra charmed the entire world and they could not take their eyes off him. The Lord had fulfilled the desires of every one.

In the Mathura Khanda of Skanda Purana it is stated: the world-famous holy place of Shri Visranti is situated in Mathura. By visiting this place a traveller attains eternal rest. By bathing here and worshipping Achutya, one attains immortality because he is automatically freed from the miseries and agonies of the material world. (Saura Purana)

The Yamuna Mahatma of the Padma Purana states: it has been said that divine results can be gained from visiting the mountain Kalinda, from visiting Mathura, from he ganga of Sukartala flowing westwards and from the meeting point of the Bhagirathi. According to scholars, only Shri Virasantai can bestow million of divine results on people. A person can attain Vaikuntha dham if he takes a bath in Tirtha. (Adi Varaha Purana)  Now lets look at the beautiful place Gatasiama. Darshana gives the divine results attainable from all other holy places together.(Adi Varaha Purana)

The 24 Tirthas of Jamuna flowing in Mathura

O Shrinivasa, in this crescent shaped place there are 24 tirthas of Shri Jamuna. This first one is called Adi Murmukta tirtha. One who bathes in this place gains salvation and one who dies here is promoted to Vishnu loka.(Adi Varaha Purana)

This next place is called Ghuhya tirtha. One who bathes in this place gains salvation and goes to Vishnu tirtha. (Adi Varaha Purana) This next place known as Prayaga thirtha is not attainable even by demigods. By bathing here one gets the same result as performing an Agni Stoma yajna. (Saura Purana)

This holy place is called Kankahna Tirtha. By bathing here one attains happiness as in the heavenly planets. (Adi Varaha Purana)

This place is called Timduka tirtha. By bathing here one is promoted to Vishnu loka. (Adi Varaha Purana)  This place is called Surya Tirtha and it destroys all sins. It was here that Bali the son of Virachana, performed his tapasya. Bathing here during the solar eclipse, on Samkanti and on Sunday will result ifn the benefit as performing the Rajasuya Yajna. (Adi Varaha Purana)

This place is called Vataswami tirtha and it is the greatest of all. Vataswami Surya has become famous here. Whoever performs sincere worship here on a Sunday will recover from disease, gain wealth in his life and attain the ultimate goal after death. (Saura Purana)

This place is called Dhruva tirtha. It was here that Dhruva did his tapasya by bathing here one is certainly promoted to Dhruva loka. Whoever can perform this sraddhi ceremony in the auspicious titripaksha here will gaurantee the attainment of salvation for the ancestors on his father's side. Performing the ceremony of Pindadana in Dhruva tirtha gives more valuable results than performing the same ceremony in Gaya. Whoever performs Japa, Homa, Tapasya, dhana, or puja here attains one hundred times more results that performing the same activities in any other holy place. (Adi Varaha Purana) and (Skanda Purana)

This place south of Dhruva tirtha is called Rishi tirtha. By bathing here one attains Vishnu loke and also Krishna Bhakti. (Adi Varaha Purana and Skanda Purana)

South of Rishi tirtha is Moksha tirtha. A bath here guarantees salvation.

This is koti tirtha, a place which cannot be attained even by demigods. By bathing here and givine in charity here one attains Vishnu loka.

This place is called Bhodhi tirtha. One attains pitri loka by performing the Pindadana ceremony here.

This holy place is called Nava Tirtha and it is North of Asikunda. Neither now nor in the future will there ever be a tirtha in the world like Nava tirtha.

This place is called Samyanya tirtha. By bathing here one attains Vishnu loka. (Adi Varaha Purana)

This place is called Dharapatana tirtha. By bathing here one attains happiness unavailable even in heaven and by dying here one attains Vishnu loka.

This holy place is called Naga tirtha and it is the greatest of all great Tirthas. By bathing here one attains Swarga loka and by dying here one avoids rebirth.

This place is called Ganatavarana tirtha. By bathing here one's

sins are destroyed and he is promoted to Surya loka. (Adi Varaha Purana)

This holy place is called Brahma tirtha. One who bathes here attains Vishnu loka. Whoever can bathe here, drink the water of the holy place, remain contented and sit on a celsetial seat without feeling restless will get the grace of Brahma and attain the abode of Vishnu. (Adi Varaha Purana)

This holy place is called Sone tirtha. It was here that Jamuna was used to carry pure water. By bathing here one becomes accomplished in all spheres of life and attains Sone loka.

This place is known as Saraswati Patana. By bathing here a person becomes an ascetic although he may have no right to be an ascetic by the rules of Chatura Varna (Adi Varaha Purana).

This is called Chakra Tirtha. By bathing here after fasting for three days one becomes free from the sin killing a brahmin (Adi Varaha Purana).

This holy place is called Dasasamedha tirtha. In ancient times the sages worshipped this tirtha. If one bathes here in a contented mood he easily obtains heaven.

This place is known as Vighanarajra tirtha. As it is most auspicious and it frees one from misery. A bath here prevents the king of miseries from causing pain to anyone. (Yama)

This place is called Koti Tirtha and it is alos auspicious. One bath in this holy place delivers the same result as a million baths in the Ganges.

"O listeners there are 24 tirthas on the Northern and Southern side of Shri Vishnuvanti. The 12 on the North extend up to Dasasvamadha and the 12 on the South extend to Moksha tirtha. (Mathura Khanda)

Other tirthas of Mathura

O Shrinivasa, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu happily bathes in all 24 ghats of the Jamuna. The pastimes which he performed at each ghat is beyond description. Millions of people took their baths with Prabhu and floated in the ocean of happiness. Even demi gods used to mingle with the common people to observe the lila of Mahaprabhu. They all sang the glories of Shri Krishna Chaitanya. Now, Shrinivasa, we will visit other holy places.

This place is known as Gokarnakhya but sometimes it is called Viswanath tirtha. It is a favorite place of Lord Vishnu.

This place is known as Krishna Ganga. The Adi Varaha Purana states that although a person can take his bath in five tirthas namely Visvinti, Sokara, Nainisa, Proyaga and Puskara - the results obtained from these five tirthas are ten times less than the result attained from one bath in Krishna Ganga.

This holy place is called Vaikuntha. A bath here promotes one to Vishnu loka.

This place is called Asikunda Tirtha. If anyone gets the darshan of the four deities - namely Varaha Devi, Narayani Devi, Yamana devi and the auspicious Langali Devi - after taking a bath in this kunda, he gets the same result as circumbulating earth with its four oceans. He attains the good results of visiting all the holy places of Mathura. (Adi Varaha Purana)

This is a well named Chatu Samudaika. By bathing here one is promoted to Deva loka.

O Shrinivasa, who can describe the numerous glorious of Shri Mathura? Bathing in the Jamuna of Mathura those results one hundred times superior to those obtained from bathing in the Ganges.

In the Matsya Purana, in a conversation between Yuddistra and Narada, it is stated: O Yuddistra, a man becomes virtous if he takes a bath in the Jamuna, drinks pure water and sings for glories. Even the darshan of Jamuna gives auspicious results. One who believes in the Jamuna or drinks her water guarantees her auspiciousness for seven generations of his family. Whoever dies on the bank of the Jamuna attains the eternal abode.

In the Vishnu Dharmattare it is stated: O King, whoever performs the sraddha ceremony on the bank of the Jamuna attains immoral results and becomes happy in heaven.

In the Mathura Khanda of Padma Purana, regarding the contest of the creation of Prajapati marichi, it is said: Rasaswarupa Krishna, the cause of all causes, the eternal, onmiscient blissful Lord, Rasamaya, who is glorified as Brahma by the Upaishads, existed in the form of Jamuna. As iron becomes gold by the touch of the phiolsophers stone, so sins become virtues by the touch of the waters of the Jamuna.

In the Adi Varaha Purana it says: if there are two brahmins - one living in mathura with no knowledge of the Vedas and the other a scholar in all four Vedas who lives outside Mathura - you should feed the ignorant Mathura brahmin. Although a peasant of Mathura may be wicked and unreligious, nevertheless he is respectable to me because a Mathura vasi is always my personification. O Vasundhari all the residents of Mathura are personifications of me.  If you feed one brahmin of Mahura you earn the same virtue of feeding millions of other brahmins. The Mathura vasis are worshipped by me because they are my favorite. WHen as resident of Mathura feels satisfied then I also feel satisfied. The places where they reside are certainly holy places and thier houses are full of auspiciousness. In Mathura the insects, birds, animals and other living beings are all eligible for salvation. Lascovious men who lust after other women are all deities disguised as human beings.

O Shrinivasa just see Mathua where Krishna enacted many pastimes. This is the house of the gardener Sudama who was a favorite friend of Krishna. Here Krishna killed the Kansa's washer amd he and the cowherd boys dressed themselves in the washer man's clothes. This is the road by which Krnsa went to the palace of Kamsa while the residents of Mathura watched overwhelmed by his beauty. Here Krishna broke the bow with ease. He and his friends strolled about in a magnificent way. The demon Kuvalayapida blocked Krishna's path here and Krishna killed him easily uprooting his tusks. This is the arena where the great wrestling match took place. Ths is the platform where Krishna sat, this is the platform where Nanda and the other Gopals had sat. They all enjoyed Krishna's wrestling. Krishna found that killing Kamsa was great fun. This place known as Kansa khali is the place where Kansa was killed. Here is the temple of Kubja, known as Kubja kupa. Everyone knows this place. The wonderful pastimes of Krishna with Kubja is known throughout the three worlds. These two places Baladva Kunda and Krishna Kupa, are the places where Krishna and balarama sported with their friends. It was here that Shri Krishna Chaitanya sat surrounded by people after completing his tour of Mathura. People were overwhelmed to see the ecstatic condition of Mahaprabhu. The brahmin residents of Mathura thought that the ascetic must be Krishna himself. Who could realise the transcendental activities of Mahaprabhu when he concealed himself behind the wall of his golden complexion? A man said, "Very, very fortunate as we have observed Mahaprabhu conquering Mathura." While describing these pastimes Raghava Pandita became so overwhelmed that he could not control himself. Even Narottama and Shrinivasa fell on the ground and burst into loud sobbing, calling the name of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. After sometime they pacified themselves and Raghava took them to other holy places of Mathura.        

This is the place where Gopala stayed for one month. Shri Rupa Gosvami and his followers became ecstatic when they saw the deity of Shri Gopala. The residents of Mathura were equally happy to have Shri Rupa and his followers in their midst. Look Shrinivasa, this is the famous tree under which the son of Ravani, Balarama used to play. During his pilgrimage, Prabhu Nityananda also came to Mathura and stayed here for sometime. He fell into ecstasy seeing his familar sporting places and he roamed here and there in that ecstasy. The residents of Mathura forgot all thier miseries in the pleasure of seeing Adhuta Candra. Taking darshan of all those places will help one forget the agonies of love and become devoted to the feet of Nityananda.

The Dvadasavanas of Mathura Mandala

Raghava Pandita, Shrinivasa and Narottama then took darshan of Kesava's beautiful dvadasavanans which are auspicious, which removes sins, which bestows virtues.

On the western side of the Jamuna or Madhu tola, Kumuda, Bahuala, Kanyi, Khadinar and Vrndavana: on the Eastern side of Shri Badro, Bandari, Bilva, Lauha, and Mahavana (Padma Purana and Skanda Purana)

1.  Madhuvana

O Shrinivasa, this is Madhuvana and its darshan will satisfy all desires. In this forest there is a kunda full of transparent water and blue lotuses. If anyone bathes in that water and gives in chatiry he will posess the deserving result.

2.  Talavana

For the good of the adavaras and for his own pleasures Krishna killed the demon who is the protector of the tala flute.(Skanda Purana)

3. Kunudavana

A person is certain to attain Vishnuloka if he visits this place. (Adi Varaha Purana)

Shri Raghava Pandita pointed out to Shrinivasa that there was another holy place named Daliha. That name has been given by Vajranva and became famous as Kaliupvana in the Padma Purana. It was there that Krishna killed Dantavakra. Again Shri Raghava told them the story about Dantavakra. Once Nanda and others went to visit Krishna at Kurukshetra. Krishna met them and satisfied each person in every way. He assured them that he would visit Vraja in a very short time. Although they were satisfied by his nectar like words and they took their eave from him still out of eagerness they used to wait on the bank of the Jamuna in hopes of seeing him. When the gopis left Kurukshetra Krishna felt very depressed. He went to Dwarka to kill Sishupala and then went to Mathura on the pretext of killing Dantavakra. After that work was completed he crossed the river Jamuna hurriedly and went to meet Nanda and the others. On seeing Krishna the Gopis ran forward shouting welcome, welcome. Krishna returned to his own house in Vraja with and the other gopis and enjoyed himself with the gopas as he always had before. Because the villagers shouted Aoray Aoray (welcome, welcome), the village is now known as Aoray.

4.  Gaurai

There is another village called Jourbaj and Shri Raghava also told the story of that village. Once there was a large village called Dhana where lived a distinguished zamindar who had a good relationship with Shri Nanda Maharaja. When Nanda returned from Kurushetra the zamindar had a large reception and asked Nanda to glorify the village by staying there for sometime. In Sanskrit this glory is called Gaurava. So the village was named Gauravi but at this time it is known as Gaurai.

In Gopala Champu the same story is told in different ways. When Nandaraj, the master of Vraja returned from Kurukshetra without Krishna he was so depressed that he did not want to go back to his own house. He advised his followers to stay in Gaurai, a place which was far from Gokula. Just as the Parasthana dham has become famous by the name Parashtattna, so also Golulapali was named Golulapati.

It was called Gokulapati, after the owner Gokul Nandaraj.

Shri Raghava happily travelled all round Mathura showing the holy places where Krishna had performed his lilas to Shrinivasa and Narottama. Then Shri raghava changed the direction to show them a place called Sasthi Karatari. The place is now known as Sasthighara. It is a beautiful and pleasant place the favorite spot of Lord Krishna. Whoever takes a bath here or fasts for one day is certain to attain Vidyadhara loka.

This place is called Sakata Rohana, in Adi Varaha Purana. It is on the west side of Mathura and thousands of bumble bees live here.

Raghava also pointed out another place known as Garuda Govinda. Once, just in play, Shridham transformed himself into Garuda and Shri Krishna also turned into Vishnu Narayana, and mounted the bed-carrier. The whole place was named after him. The same story is given in Shri Laghu Bhagavatam mrta.

While describing the ways of the holy places Raghava arrived at Sastikas`ratavi and explained to Shrinivasa the source of tht name of that holy place. Originally it had been called Sasti kalatavi but more recently was known as Sastighara. He pointed out the place where Krishna used to mount his chariot. At that time that place was very beautiful and had been very dear to Lord Krishna. Bumble bees used to hum musically in the beautiful flowerly ardens of Sastikaratavi. If anyone fasts for one day and bathes in this place he enjoys the pleasures of Vidya dhar Loka. This place is called Sakatagram. (Adi Varaha Purana)

The Pandita also showed Shrinivasa and Narottama a beautiful lotus filled pond named Sankarshan kunda in one lake known as Manasarsai. A visit to this holy forest would bestow the same virtue as the darshan of Krishna and Lakshmi.

According to Adi Varaha Purana Bahula is the best of all forests. Whoever enters this forest attains Agni loka after that. In Skanda Purana, Mathura Khanda it is also written tht Bahula, the wife of Shri Hari lives in the holy forest. O king, this place is asupicious because herein Shri Vishnu and Lakshmi resided inside a clump of lotuses in the Sankarshan kunda and whoever enters there in or takes a bath in th month of Chaitra is able of have darshan of Shri Vishnu with Lakshmi.

Another holy place is known as Mayurgram. Here Krishna used to enjoy the dancing peacocks with peahens. It was wonderful to watch Radha and Krishna in the midst of the flock of peacocks. The dancing birds turned towards Radha and Krishna and expanded their plumage. The sakhis stood all around and clapped while the peacocks danced. Raghava Pandita pointed out another holy place to Narottama and Shrinivasa, called Dakshin Jainad where Krishna enjoyed himself with his beloved Radha. As Raghava continued to describe the holy places they walked until they reached a place called Gandheswar Sthan a place which was named after Krishna's perfume.

Salaya was another place where saint Santanu had performed his tapasya. The lake inside the holy place is full of clear water. As they looked around Salaya Raghava led them to different holy forests.

Bahula forests

When they reached Bahula forest Raghava Pandita told them that this was the place where Shri Chaitanya had come in ecstatic joy in a course of his pilgrimages of the Vrndavana forests. Seeing him millions of cows surrounded him and looked at him longingly. Then Gaura touched each one of them as he had touched them when he was in Vrndavana as Krishna. The dear animals, peacocks and koels expressed their joy by flying over his head and running around him. People were overwhelmed to see that even he trees showered flowers on Shri Mahaprabhu's head. All of them said that he must be the same sannyasi form of Shri Krishna. Simply to deceit people he covered his beautiful complexion with a fair one. Crowds of people came forward to meet him; they expressed their desires and he satisfied them all.

There is another village called vasati in the kingdom of king Vasibanu. No one had previously lived in the village of Rowor which is now called Rol. In both of these villages Krishna and Balarama passed their lives in joyful play.

Radha Kunda and Syama Kunda in Airatagrama

The story of the vilasa of Krishna in the village of Airat is a charming one. Once Krishna killed a demon in the form of a boar. Afterwards he wanted to touch Radharani but she jokingly rebuked him saying he could not touch her with his unpurified hands. Since he had killed a boar, a boar was actually a demon, she told him he had to purify himself by bathing in all the holy places before he could touch her. Krishna said, "I shall bathe in the water of all the holy places by calling them all together here." He stomped on the earth and created a depression which immediately filled up the water of all the holy places. The personification of each holy place also appeared before Krishna, introduced himself and praised Krishna in different ways. In front of Radha and the Gopinis Krnsa then took a bath in the water, uttering the name of each holy place as he did. He finished his bath sometime before midnight. Even now people follow the same system of bathing in the holy lake. Unmoved by Krishna's joke Radha also created another lake in her perference. When Krishna learned that she also wanted water he ordered the Ganges, which represents all the holy places, to fill up her lake. The personified holy rivers also worshipped radha with obliged respect. From that time on radha and Krishna enjoyed their pastimes with the sakhis on the sides of the two lakes such was surrounded by beautiful trees and plants. Even now people enjoy bathing in those two holy lakes.

In the Vraja vilasa chapter of the book Stavavali a description of Radha Kunda and Shyama Kinda is given in a beautiful way. Radha Kunda is surrounded by subaladi and Shyama Kunda and other kunjas of Lalita and the other eight sakhis were also beautiful and pleasant places to see.

Shri Narahari Cakravarty has written a few sayings describing Radha Kunda. The inner meaning of the sayings is that Radha and Krishna are enjoying the beauty of the kunda. The lake is full of divine water and lotuses. The bumble bees hum amongst the lotuses and the gentle wind causes small ripples in the water. Aquatics move pleasurbly through the water. The banks of the lakes are decorated with different kinds of gems andt he platforms are decorated with painted pictures. The house of Madana bows its head in inferiority, a golden-gem studded swing hangs from the trees and the birds and peacocks sing and dance as Radha and Krishna swing. As Narahari sings his songs he enjoys the darshan of Radha within his heart.

The glory of Radha Kunda and Shyama Kunda

Whoever bathes in Radha Kunda and Shyama kunda gets the glorified results of performing Rajasuya-Ashwamedhea Yajana. Shyama Kunda is also known as Airsta Kunda. This is confirmed in Adi Varaha Purana.

Raghava Pandita confirmed that the glory of Radha Kunda is very good. In the Mathura Kunda it is stated that if any person offers a lake to Radha Kunda in the month of Kartik, as a devotee of Vishnu he will be able to visualise the entire universe.

In Padma Purana there is a description of the glory of kartik month. Therein it is written that this Radha Kunda is so dear to Lord Krishna is situated near the Gurkadan mountain. If one wants to please Lord Hari or becomes his beloved, he should bathe in the radha Kunda during th emonth of Kartik. This Kunda is as dear to Krishna as Radha herself. She is themost beloved of the Gopis. It is the duty of the devotees to bathe in the Radha Kunda during the month of Kartik and hereafter worship Janaidana. This simple worship requires only one day and pleases Krishna more than the worship of janaidana or Urthana akadashi.

The discovery of Shri Radha Kunda and Shyama Kunda by Shri Mahaprabhu

Shri Raghava continued to describe the beauty of Radha Kunda. After visiting the other forests of Vrndavana Chaitanya Mahaprabhu came to Radha Kunda and saw in it a tamala tree. He inquired about the history of the two kundas from the residents of Airsta village and also from a brahmin who had accompanied him from Mathura, but no one was able to answer him. By is own divine power, mahaprabhu knew that these lakes were unlived because they were being used as paddy lives. He took a bath in whatever little bit of water was there and glorified the kundas in various ways. Then he marked his forehead with mud from the lake. The villagers were startled by his behavior but they admitted that seeing Mahaprabhu they felt symptoms of ecstasy. The sannyasi had won them over quite suddenly. They felt that the sannyasi was not an ordinary person but they were unable to express their feelings. Some men thought he must be Krishna in a different body because all of the animals and birds had come to see him, as if meeting a friend after a very long time. Peacocks danced inthe blooming trees, put flowers on his head. Koels and parrots whistled the name of Krishna. Cows and deer also came to see him, they were full of tears of enchantment. Another spoke, "O brothers he must be an incarnation of Krishna who has come to earth to free us from our vices. Let us offer our respects at his feet. We have always known these two paddy fields as Kali and Goari, but by his mercy we now understand that they are holy kundas." Not even Brahma can describe the ecstaic expression of Shri Mahaprabhu when he discovered the Kundas.

The fulfillment of Shrila Dasa Gosvami's desire

Shri Raghava described the transformation of the two paddy fields into beautiful lakes full of water. One day Raghunatha Dasa Gosvami considered that if these two paddy fields were transformed into beautiful lakes his deisres would be fulfilled. For this purpose money was needed, so Raghunath Dasa scholded himself again and again, ashamed of his desire for money. Full of shame he decided to stay alone and behave cautiously for sometime. But Krishna is always aware of the desires of his devotees. Meanwhile a rich person had gone to Badairkashrana to get the darshan of the Lord nd he offered the Lord quite a lot of money. In a dream that night Shri Krishna ordered the man to take his money to raghunath Dasa in Airat village, he told the man that if Rghunath did not agree to take the money, he should remind Raghunath about his desire to clean the two kundas for bathing and drinking water. THat sincere devotee went directly to that village and happily revealed to Shri Raghunath the instruction given to him by Krishna in a dream. Although Raghunatha was overwholemed he accepted the money and gave orders to begin cleaning the lakes.

While clearing the paddy fields they saw a few old trees which stood in the way of their making te lake square, so they decided that the next day they would cut the tree down. That night Raghunath had a dream in which King Yuddistra told him not to cut the trees down as he and his four brothers were living within those trees. He advised Raghunath to go to Manas-pavana ghat and identify one. Early the next morning raghunath went to the South, recognised the South trees and ordered the people not to cut those trees. For that reason they could not make Shyama Kunda square. The kunda was filled with clear water and Shri Raghunatha became very satisfied.

Shri Raghunatha dasa accepts a house

Raghunatha Dasa Gosvami had no desire for a house an dspent both day and night under a tree. One day Sanatana Gosvami went to visit Gopala Bhatta's house and take his bath in the manas-pavan ghat. He saw a tiger coming to the ghat for drinking water and then returned to the forest, crossign very close to Shri Raghunath who was meditating beneath this tree. When raghunatha finished his meditation and opened his eyes he saw Sanatana and went forward immediately to pay his obeisances and touch Sanatana's feet. Sanatana embraced him affectionately and asked him to please live in ahouse. From that day on Shri Raghunatha stayed in a house. It was beyond the capabilities of raghava Pandita to describe the activities of Raghunatha.

Dasa Gosvami used to favor a Vrajavasi named Dasi. One day this Dasa went to sakhistakhli village and got a large leaf of a Palash tree. He knew that Rabhunath took only one glass each day. A cup made from this large leaf would naturally be bigger than usual and thus Raghunath would take a larger quantity of juice. With this in mind Dasa made a cup from the leaf and carried juice to Dasa Gosvami. Dasa Gosvami immediately noticed the new leaf and asked Dasa about it. Gosvami immediately told him how and why he had taken the leaf, but when  raghunatha heard that the leaf was from Stkhistahai he grew angry. He threw down the cup and ordered Dasa never to go agian to Sakhistahai as it was th residence of Candravali. Dasa then understood the true idnetity of this saint as a nitya siddha. Whoever doubts that is the most sinful man in the world.

One day Raghunatha ate rice with milk and afterwards felt very heavy with indigestion. As no one could determine the reason for this Shri Vallabha Para Vittal brought two doctors. By taking his pulse the doctors determined that indigestion was caused by taking milk with rice. At last raghunatha admitted that he had actually eaten the milk and rice whereupon everyone was astonished.

Living in Radha by the grace of Shrila Dasa Gosvami

Shri Raghava told Shrinivasa and Narottama that only by the grace of Raghunath Dasa Gosvami could one live in Radha Kunda. The Malya hari kunda is famous as the place where Krnsa enacted the pastime of stealing a garland from Shri Radha. Shri Raghava has described this incident in the book Shri Muktamala Chairatra.   

Raghava pointed out Siva Khore, Vanakhanore and other kundas in a joyful mood and then he took Shrinivasa and Narottama to meet Shri Dasa Gosvami. They both touched Dasa Gosvamis's feet, lying down on the ground. Although he was weak with old age, Dasa Gosvami was delighted to meet the boys and stood up to embrave both of them, speaking very softly to Shrinivasa. Krishna Dasa Kaviraja also came there and Shrinivasa and Narottama touched his feet. Krishna dasa Kaviraja and loved Shrinivasa as his own soul. All the Vaishnavas of Radha Kunda including Dasa the vrajabasis came forward to meet Shrinivasa and Narottama. Taking permission ofthe devotees they went to take a bath in the Radha Kunda. After finishing their meal both of them went directly to Radha Kunda and became overwhelmed by its beauty.   

A kunja called Saval was on the North side of Shyama Kunda near Manas Pavana ghat. This place, where the five Pandavas stood as trees, is very dear to Radhika. Shrinivasa and Narottama bathed there with joyful hearts and then returned to the house of Shri Gopala Mata Mahaprasad. They remained quite joyful in Radhakunda for the entire day and they continued their tour the next morning. Raghava Pandita took them to see Mukhara, a village to the South of the Kunda which was originally the home of Radha's godmother Nakula. It was here that Radha and Krishna met condestinely.

The places of Krishna's lila surrounding Govardhana

Shri Raghava took Shrinivasa and Narottama to see the places near Govardhan where Krishna had performed his lilas and one by one he described them all. The place known as Kusuka Saivor is famous for lilas of Radha Krishna. In another place called Narda Kunda, Narda Muni had fulfilled his desires by performing tapasya. In the Puranas it is written that Narda performed his tapasya on the order of Virnda. In a place called Ratna Sinhasana, Radha used to sit on a throne. That was the place where Krishna killed Sankha Chuda and that story has been described in the Bhagavatam. Paliuivaran is a beautiufl garden where Jutheswarai used to stay. Shri Krishna also enjoyed himself with his friends in a holy place called Alograma. In the place Indra Dhvajabedi, Nandaraj used to worship Indra. It was there that Shri Krishna used to send his cows, calling each one by the sound of his flute.

Rinmochana (Papmachana Akhyana) is famous for its holiness. If a person bathes there he will be freed from all vices. This is Sankaishana Kunda and whoever wants to fulfil his desires should take a bath here.

In Parasavri village Radha and Krishna enacted their Yasuratra in this kirtana. In Chandra Sarvar, Shri Krishna took rest after Yasuratra. Now we see the beautiful Gandhava Kunda, where the Gandhavas became overwhelmed by the beautiful songs of Krishna. No one can describe all the pastimes of Radha Krishna during the time of Vasanta rasa in Govardhan.

In the Govardhan Ashrayadasaka of Stavavali it is given in an inscription: this is Yasa Sthali where Radha, the lover of Krishna was worshipped by hundreds of Lakshmis. It is surrounded by her beautiful sakhis, her neck decorated by the loving hand of Krishna, danced in spring time enchantment. All fortunate persons take shelter of the great Govardhan Yasa Sthali.

There is another village called Paitha where Krishna once hid his self from the Gopis who began searching here and there for him. Krishna appeared before the Gopis in his four handed Vishnu form but upon arrival of Radha two other hands disappeared. So strong was the love of Radha that Krishna could not retain his four armed form. This has been written in the Nayika Prakara of Ujjamanilmani.

After showing all the holy places Shri Raghava returned to Gouai Tirtha with Shrinivasa and Narottama. This place is called Neepa Kunda because it is surrounded by beautiful neepa (Kadamba) trees. Another holy place is called Aniyor. It was here that by Krishna's order Nanda and the other Gopas stopped the worship of Indra and started the worship of Govardhan by offering various kinds of foods. The voice of Govardhan resounded in the sky, "Ani Aur Ani Aur" (Bring me more water) and for that reason this place is called Aniyor. By visitiing Annyakuta all desires will be fulfilled. In Stavavali is written Shri Krishna the killer of Aga, took all the food which was offered to Govardhan by Shri Nanda by transforming himself into a huge body and by depriving Radha of a boon. The place Govinda Kunda has its own glory because it was here that Indra performed the Abhsieak of Krishna. In the Ravivi vilas chapter of Stavavali it is said that out of fear of Lord Krishna Indra performed the Abhisek ceremony of Krishna in front of everyone by bringing the holy water of Mandakani from Sarbui. From this holy water Govinda Kunda was formed. In Adi Varaha Purana it is said that by bathing or performing tapasya at Govinda Kunda one attains salvation on the virtues of performing one hundred Yajnas.

There is a pond Govinda which is called Dana Nivinata kunda which is surrounded by a dense forest. It was here that Gopala hid and performed his danakeli pastimes. This place is not known by common people; only one who understands the real meaning of Krishna's pastimes can visit here. Adi Varaha Purana has stated the same fact. It was here that Gopala gave darshan to Madhavendra Puri on the pretext of bringing him milk. Gopala lived in Gothuli on the mountain. On the far side of Govardhan is Apsara Kunda where fortunate people can take bath. The holy place Shyama Dhak is a quiet area with a old palash.

While describing all these places, Shri Raghava Pandita took his two followers to his own cave. He told them from that cave they daily enjoy the beauty and glory of Govardhan.

In Saradi Kunda Indra was blessed by Lord Krishna. In Rudra Kunda Mahadeva sat in meditation on Krishna. In Kadamkhandi Shri Krishna watched the path by which Radha had gone. In Danghali Krishna used to taste Radha. Disguised as king Madana Krishna took his share of the milk from Radha while his friends blocked her way. In Vraja Vilasa the same story is given. When Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu visited here and heard the pastimes from his followers, he danced in ecstasy in front of everyone. When people saw him dance they aid he must be the avatar of Hari. Who can describe the lilas of Krishna in Govardhan? Some people call Danghali as KRsna bedi. Shri Rupa has described the dana lila in his book Danakeli Kaulaudi.

Brhna Kunda is also situated near Govardhan and is surrounded by the lakes of Indra.

The story of a Govardhan brahmin who was a devotee of Baladev

Once a rich devotee of Baladev named Artha Vanta lived in Govardhan. His mind was always absorbed in thoughts of Balarama. He believed that one day Baladeva would kindly grant him darshan for that reason he wandered around Govardhan. The brahmin was fortunate and one day he got the information that Baladev would grant him darshan. Just to fulfil this devotee's desire Nityananda Nandaram went to Govardhan on pilgrimage. Nityananda remained in a lonely place but whoever saw him was moved by his celestial body.


In Kundala Kunda Krishna used to dress up. In Bedakhoira Kunja Radha and Krishna performed lilas within the closed room of the kunja. In Choiana Pahadi hill Krishna joyfully performed different lilas. Once Krishna and his cowherd boyfriends climbed this hill simply to see the beauty of the grazing cows. Dressed in attractive clothing Krishna stood beneath a tree there playing his flute while standing in hs three fold bending form. As soon as the sound of his flute was heard people from all directions would gather near him standing motionless as they heard the sweet music. Within this earth is there any comparison for that heavenly music? Even the mountains melted at the sound of his flute. The foot prints of Shri Krishna as well as those who came to hear his flute on that mountain and therefor it is called Coiana Pahadi (Coiana means foot).


Pg.171  Here is another village called haioyal where Krishna became ashamed when he was defeated in a dice game with Radhika. Lalita said to Radhika, "You have easily defeated the master of your soul in this dice game ain in every other way. But we shall see who wins in the game of love. The friends of Radha then escorted their divine pair to the Nikunja Mandir and secretly watched them. Observing this celestial loving relationship between Radha and Krishna the sakhis felt themselves to be most fortunate. 


In Satoan village Shri Sanatana Muni worshipped Krishna. Krishna used to roam freely in Sarya Kunda Nandana kupa and Vadyashila. It was in Paigram (Pai means to get) Shri Radhika and her sakhis caught hold of Krishna after searching for him. In this place called Chalana Shila Krishna sat down, being unable to move out of the mood of love.


In Kanair village (kan means feelings of love or desire) Krishna passionately waited for Radha.


In Vichorgram (Vichor means seperate) Chandramukhi and her friends met Krishna and after their celestial enjoyments the gopis returned to their own homes. Because of the seperation from Krishna it is called Vichora.


In Tiloyara village Krishna would play without taking a moments rest. And under the Srnagaravana Krishna decorated Radhika with different dresses. Lalapur is famous for Shri Krishna's lilas and the Vasasi village is perfumed by the scent of Krishna's body which maddens not only the bumble bees but the entire world. It was here that Radha and Krishna played Holi with their friends. In Payagram Krishna ate Parananya with his friends and snatched yogurt from the gopis in Dadigram. He passed his time in merriement in Kolaravana which is now called Kolavana.


Shri Mahaprabhu visits Shesashayee

Once Krishna laid down in his ananta ashija in Shesashayee Khirsanudia and Shri Radhika massaged his lotus feet. Their divine beauty cannot be described. The Vraja vilas of Stavavali describes that where Krishna was lying down in Ananta ashijya Radhika wanted to hold his soft lotus feet on her chest but considering that her hard breasts might hurt his soft feet she restrained herself. I pray to that Shesasayee Krishna to grant me a residence in this beautiful ghosta.


Pg.172  Raghava explained that when Shri Krishna Chaitanya Candra came to this place he was overwhelmed by divine love when he saw this celestial beauty of shesashayee Krishna. Those persons who saw the heavenly transformation of Chaitanya were also moved and tears flowed from their eyes. They discovered the fact that this person could not be an ordinary human being. But must be God in the dress of a sannyasi, and this sannyasi must be shesasayee Bhagavan himself. While speaking they looked continually at the moon like face of Chaitanya. O Shrinivasa, said Shri Raghava, "the character of Mahaprabhu is unfathomable and only by his disire will you be able to understand it." Raghava then pointed put a Kadamba flower garden where Krishna used to roam. Then there was Khanigram in Khambahara where Krishna and Balarma grazed their cattle. Khanigram is on one boundry of Vraja and on another boundry there is Vanachara which was also famous for the pastimes of Krishna. In Kharano Balarama enquired about the well being of his cowherd boyfriends. In Ujani the Jamuna changed her course and flowed upstream while listening to the sweet music of Krishna's flute. In Khelanavana which is now called Khela tirtha Krishna and Balarama played continually, forgetting even their food until their mothers came to feed them.


Balarama's rasalila

Balarama, the son of Rohini performed his rasalila in Ranaghat. This place is situated quite a long distance from where Krishna had his rasakela.


Balarama was the second body of Krishna himself and the depth of his real self was like the depth of a million oceans. He came to Vraja from Dvaraka and stayed during the two months of Chaita and Vaishakh to console Shri Nanda, Yasoda and the others. He pleased his sakhas in various ways. There also Balarama gave soloce to all the Krishna priyas and charmed his own dear and loving gopis by having lilas with them. At that time Krishna killed Sankhachuda. Then Krishna and Balarama both performed divine lilas with their own lovers and played Holi. Only a learned devotee can describe the beauty of these celestial activities. In Shri Krishna Chaitanya Carita Murari Gupta says; "Look at Rama and Krishna who are covered with jewels and suitablu dressed for spring time. In a humorous mood they performed their kelis with their own beautiful Vraja ladies. They are gracefully dancing and singing in a delighful mood with their pretty gopis.


Pg.173  The gopis who were not fortunate enough to associate with Krishna forgot their sorrow when Balarama performed his lila with them. How Balarama increased their enjoyemnt is beyond description.


In Shrimad Bhagavatam it is stated that Bhagavan Shri Balarama stayed in Vraja for two months and supplied divine enjoyment to the gopis each night. Shri Raghava continued to describe the beauty of Balarama at the time of his rasa keli. "O Shrinivasa, knowing that he would perform his rasa lila with his dear lovers Balarama happily came to this place. This pleasant spot, situated near the Jamuna river, was continually filled with scented air. The flowers of the gardens were in full bloom and the sky was bright from the full moon. The humming of bumble and the sweet whistling of different birds surcharged the atmosphere. Millions of male and female peacocks danced and many deer played in the garden. As Balarama relaxed beneath a tree the guards in heaven sang the glories of Rohini Nandan whose beauty and posture could fasicinate the world. The followinf is a song.


Glory to the valiant Rohini Nandana. The white conch kunda flowers, camphor, and the silver-white mountain bow down to Balarama's beautiful bright complexion, his curly hair, the beauty of the carefree locks of hair on his forehead, his bright tilak. He steers the hearts of young maidens. His lotus eyes are restless and his eyebrows dance like black bumble bees near his bright earrings. With a short nose and a face which conquers the splendour of the moon, it seems like nectar pours from his body. His arms are decorated wtih bangles and jewelled necklaces adorn his strong chest. His thin waist makes the lion feel insufficient and his blue dress enchances his figure. His beautifully shaped thighs and feet fascinate the hearts of all who see him.


Pg.174  O Shrinivasa, who can keep his composure seeing the splendour of Baladev? It was here that Rama sat on a jewelled throne in a graceful Ramostava dress. The beauty of Baladev conquers millions of kamadevas and every movement of his charms the Munis and Indras. The glory of his body which brightens the three worlds can win the pride of a million moons. The silky black curly hair covering his head is decorated with a jewel set crown and flowers. His lips are as red as bind fruit and his teeth sparkle like pearls. A garland of Vaijayanti dangles from his powerful neck. The reddish color of the souls of his feet defeat the sun and the brightness of his nails conquers the darkness.


I am unable to describe the beauty of Baladev as there is no comparison to him in this world. Whoever absorbs the gracefulness of Baladev is the most fortunate person. In the Puranas Baladev Dhyana is written as follows:In this place Rohini Nandana, Balarama, stood in a three fold bending form and blew joyfully on his horn, the sound of which moved the heart of Brahma and others. O Shrinivasa, with one mouth only how can I describe the beauty of Balai's lila? Here in this moon-lit jamuna Upavana, Balarama engaged in lilas surrounded by millions of gopis.


In that Upavana near the Jamuna which was flooded by bright moon light and covered with the scent of lotuses, Balarama perfromed his rasa lila. Then Vaiuni devi, sent by her father Varuna, flowed from a hole in a tree and filled the entire atmosphere with the sweet scent of wine. Baladev breathed the scent and drank the wine with his beloved gopis in that garden. (Shrimad Bhagavatam)


Raghava continued his story, after drinking the wine Rohini Mandana engaged himself in divine love making with his gopis. Some of the gopis played wth mridanga, ranika, and other instruments while other gopis sang the glories of Balarama in beautiful songs based on beautiful tunes and beats. Lord Brahma and others were moved by the music. Shri Balarama himself became overwhelmed by the dance, the songs and music and soon the rasa mandir was filled with celestial joy. To enjoy water sports with his lovers Balarama brought the Jamuna near by pulling her with his plough and then sported in her water. After bathing Balarama changed his dress, drank honey and wine and spent the night with his associates. In the early morning the gopis could not bear their seperation from Balarama and did not want to return to their homes. Balarama consoled them in many ways and sent them to their houses. Out of fear for Balarama the Jamuna offered him prayers and folding her hands she threw herself at his feet.


Pg.177  When by her own quiet nature the Jamuna was flowing to the South ocean she did not respond to the order of Balarama and thus he pulled her with his plough. In this place the Jamuna can be seen as she is. I sing the glory of this place with my devoted heart. (Stavavali/Vraja Vilas)


Shri Raghava told his followers that Rasa Sthali is famous throughout the world and devotees offer their worship as this Ramaghat Pradesh.


Nityananda Prabhu's lila in Ramaghat

WHoever hears the glory of Ramaghat can be easily freed from worldly life.


During his pilgrimages, Shri Rasa VIlasi Rama Nityananda Ray passed some days here. He played with the cowherd boys and ate curd, milk, roots and fruits whenever he felt hungry. He unsuccessfully tried to conceal the perplexieties he felt as Balarama. The local people said,"This must be Rohini Nandan travelling in Vraja as an avadhuta." Seeing Nityananda's divine performance people of different ages were attracted.


Raghava showed the shakata tree whose wood Nityananda used to clean his teeth. In Ramaghat there is a brahmin who could not live for a moment without the thought of Baladev. To satisfy his devotees Nityananda gave him darshan as Baladev. Here also, Kalandi prayed to Nityananda, Shri Vasa Vilas Balarama. Even the demigods could not restrain their tears of ecstasy in watching the sports of Nityananda in this place.


When Nityananda slept on a bed of dust beneath the trees he would always call out in his dream, "when will the enancipation of this wretched soul take place? When is Navadvipa going to reveal himself in Navadvipa? I will witness it with my own eyes." No one could understand the meaning of his words.


Kachchavana is a place near Ramaghat where the children used to play as Kachchapa (turtle) in Bhushanavana the sakhas dressed Krishna in flower ornaments. All these places are famous for Krishna's vilas.


Pg.178  While describing these holy places Shri Raghava and his followers passed through the forest whose beauty created restlessness within his mind. Seeing Bhandirvata (a banyas tree) he sighed. At this place Balarama and Krishna used to wrestle for fun. They also let Pralambha join them as one of their sakhas. Balarama killed him very easily. Once Krishna played his flute in such an enchanting tone that as soon as Radha heard it she could not remain at home but ran to meet Krishna with her friends. Vandir is famous for their various divine performances.


The wrestling sport of Radha Krishna

Here Radha asked Krishna in her soft voice, "How do you play with your friends in this place?" Krishna answered, "I dress as a wrestler and I wrestle with my friends. No one knows wrestling like me and I win very easily."


Then Lalita smilingly requested Krishna to show them his wrestling while dressed as a wrestler. They all then changed into wrestlers costumes but Krishna was very proud of his dress. Radha smiled sweetly when she saw Krishna's wrestling costume and they both entered the wrestling arena. There was no question of winning or losing in that wrestling match and Kandipa the God f love was satisfied to watch the game.


I sing the glory of Vandira where charming Shri Radha, being eager to wrestle with Krishna, dressed herself and her Sakhisin wrestling costumes. With a cheerful mind she wrestled with Vakali, the killer of Bakarakshaksh, who was also dressed as a wrestler for the pleasure of Madana. (Stavavali/Vraja vilas). No one can describe the vilases of Vandira.


Aragram and Munjatali are near Vandira where Krishna swallowed the forest fire to rescue the cows and the cowherd boys. Vandali village is on the other side of the Jamuna. In Tapavana the daughters of the cowherd men performed tapasya. In Gopighat they bathed in the Jaumna. These gopis performed their puja to Kalyani devi in Chiraghat. It was here that they put their clothes on the bank of the Jamuna while having a bath in the river. To enjoy himself Krishna stole the clothes and climbed into a Nipa tree. Having finished their baths they realised they had no clothes and while concealing themselves in the water they bade Shri Krishna to return their dresses. Krishna explained the reaon for that lila and returned their clothes to them. The Gopis dressed themselves only after dedicating themselves to the grace of Krishna. In Nandaghat, Kandananda and others took their bath in the Kananda river. That bath has significant meaning because Nanda had fasted on the day of Ekadashi and on Dvadashi he took his bath in the Kalandi. While bathing a messenger of Raruna abducted Nanda but Krishna rescued him easily from Raruna. As Nanda had become afraid in this place Krishna's great grandson, Vajra, the son of Aniruda, named this place Vaya. Leaving Vaya behind Shri Raghava continued his tour of the holy places around Mathura. In Vatsavana Brahma stole the cows and cowherd boys.


I sing the glory of the place Vatsaharanasthali where Brahma, being inquisitive about the real glory of his own Lord Krishna stole the cows and cowherd boys, and then Krishna to satisfy the long cherished desire of the mothers of the cows and cowherd boys, manifested himself as cows and cowherd boys to eat the food sent by the mothers for their sons. (Stavavali/Vraja Vilas)


In Unaiv Krishna and his boyfriends ate all sorts of food. In Valahara Brahma again stole all the cowherd boys. In Pairkhani Brahma wanted to verify the power of Krishna. In Sui (Sui means that) Brahma was shadowed by the maya of Krishna when he intentionally but secretly stole a calf. Under the veil of maya Brahma failed to identify the stolen with that which had belonged to Krishna. Being overwhelmed he secretly said, ""O this is that; this is that." That is why the name of this place is Sui. In Echamuha village Brahma repented his audicity and sang the glory of Krishna.


"I sing the glory of the place called Viru Chaturmukha. It was here that Brahma, being repentant for his own offense of stealing the cows and cowherd boys fell on the ground at the feet of smiling Vrajendra with his eyes filled with tears and sang the glories of the Lord.


Pg.180  In Augholi Krishna killed Agasura but people now call the place Sapauli (the place of snakes).


"May Saipasthali be my protector for it was here that the powerful Naruri, got angry when his friends were swallowed by a poisonous snake, he killed the Agasuri demon by forcefully entering its poisonous stomach to rescue his followers. (Stavavali/Vraja Vilas)


In Joiat village the demigods sang the glory of Krishna and showered him with flowers. Krishna was given the name Sehana (clever) for killing Agasura the snake and this village Soyano which is now called Sehana was named after him. Tarori in Varli were named by the gopas.


Then Raghava took Narottama and Shrinivasa up a small hill called Krishna Kundatala and showed them the Maghera village and the Tanar forest where Radha and Krishna used to meet.


In Atasa village the saint Astavakra performed tapasya. Shakrasthana was later named Sakasoya. This place is famous because it was here that Shakra (Indra) became repentant and afraid after causing the terrible rain in Vraja. In Varahar village Krishna played with his friends by assuming the Varaha rupa,  In Harasali village Krishna performed his rasa.


"May that Rasasthali, which is the precious gem of the three worlds, be our protector. While dancing with the bright and beautiful wives of the cowherd men, Krishna left them and went with Radha to a solitary place to decorate her with flower ornaments and then engaged himself in divine loving play with her." (Stavavali/Vraja Vilas)


After describing the various holy places Shri Raghava returned to Nandaghata with Shrinivasa and Narottama.





Shri Raghava said that in a lonely place in Nandaghata Jiva Gosvami lived for sometime in seclusion.


Once Shri Rupa was writing a book in a quiet place in Vrndavana. It was a hot day, and to dry the sweat from Rupa's body Shri Jiva would stand beside him and fan him. The beauty of both Shri Rupa and Shri Jiva was bright. At that time Shri Vallava came to visit Rupa and when he looked at Rupa's book Bhaktirasamrta Grantha Mangala Carana he told Rupa, "I shall edit it." When he went to bathe in the Jamuna Shri Jiva followed on the pretext of taking water from the Jamuna. Although he did not know Shri Vallava personally, Jiva asked him, "what is the flaw in Mangala Carana?"


As Vallava mentioned each point he felt required correction Jiva refuted the point by his knowledge of the scriptures. Unable to defeat Shri Jiva in a discussion, Vallava went to Shri Rupa to enquire about the identity of Jiva. Rupa told Vallava that the young Vaishnava was his nephew, and that he had arrived from his village only a few days before. Vallava Bhatta praised Jiva Gosvami and told Rupa the details of their discussion on the book. Then Vallava left that place.


Meanwhile Shri Jiva returned from the river and Shri Rupa scolded him in a very quiet voice, "It was very kind of Bhatta to visit me and for my own benefit he wanted to edit my book. This much you could not tolerate by your Vaishnava grace? Go back to your home and return to Vrndavana whem you will be able to be patient."


At once Shri Jiva left the place and headed East towards his home. When his mind became peaceful he decided to remain in a solitary place in the forest as he did not have permission to return to the association of Rupa Gosvami. He lived here in a hut made of leaves; sometimes he ate a little and sometimes he ate nothing while he passed his time in great distress and lamentation. He thought that if he gave up his life he would be able to obtain the lotus feet of his Lord.


In the course of his travels Sanatana Gosvami came to that village. The villagers came forward to welcome him and ask about his well being. They informed him that one young and beautiful sannyasi had been living in the forest for a long time, eating only a small quantity of fruits or roots or drinking water mixed with atta (flour).


Knowing that this sannyasi must be Shri Jiva, Sanatana went to see him affectionately. Seeing Sanatana within his patched Shri Jiva could not control himself and fell flat on the ground at Sanatana's feet. The villagers were quite astonished. Sanatana asked Shri Jiva to explain his difficulty and Jiva very lovingly explained everything. After consoling the villagers Sanatana left Shri Jiva in his hut and went to see Rupa in Vrndavana.


Pg.182  Hearing of Shri Sanatana's arrival in Vrndavana, Shri Rupa went out to meet him. He asked about the book Bhaktirasamrta sindhu and Rupa said that he had finished writing the book but the editing was incomplete because of Shri Jiva's absence.


Sanatana explained the situation to Shri Rupa and said, "Jiva is alive, but he is so weak that even the breeze can rock his body." At once Shri Rupa brought Jiva back to Vrndavana and nursed him affectionately. Everyone was happy with Shri Jiva's recovery and Rupa Sanatana bestowed all responsibility on him. By their mercy the greatness of Shri Jiva's knowledge spread throughout the world.


A Digvijayi (world conquering scholar) once came to Vrndavana and asked Jiva, "If you will compete with me in debate, then send my Jaya patra, (a written paper acknowledging his defeat by the Digvijayi)." Shri Jiva sent him back the Jaya patra, but the Digvijayi accepted defeat after reading it. The glory of Shri Jiva is beyond description. Then Shri Raghava showed them the hut of Shri Jiva.


After that they crossed the Jamuna river and passed the night in Surukharu village where Krishna was pleased with the demigods, and there Narottama and Shrinivasa saw many far away villages.


Badravana (7)

Leaving Surukharu in the morning they came to Badravana. In Adi Varaha Purana it is written that whoever goes to Badravana, the sixth most important forest, becomes a single minded devotee of Me and by the grace of this forest he goes to heaven.


Vandiravana (8)

It was here that Rama and Krishna used to play with their friends. The eleventh forest is Vandiravana. It is a beautiful place which is dear to the Yogis. Simply glancing at the forest saves one from another birth. Getting darshan of Vasudeva in this forest - the best forest of all - also saves one from another birth. Any person who enters this having controlled his eating and containance can bathe here, be freed from all sorts of sins and go Indra Loka (Adi Varaha Purana)


In Chaheir village Krishna took rest after playing with his friends in Vandari. In Mathagram, Rama and Krishna used to play with their friends. The huge earthen vessel which the Vrajabasis used to store curd in is the source of the name of this holy place, Matha.


Dilvavana (9)

It was here that Balarama and Krishna ate ripe bael fruits (bael means bilva).


According to Adi Varaha Purana this forest Dilvavana is worshipped by the demigods and who ever visits it will also be worshipped in Brahma Loka.


In Dilvavana a man can be freed from his vices by bathing in Krishna Kunda. Previously the Jamuna flowed in a single course and Manas Sorvar was on the other side of the river. Now the jamuna had divided herself into two and meets again at another point to create a circle around Manas Sorvar. All of these places were Krishna's lila sthali.


Lohovana Naukakeli (10)

It was here that Krishna killed the demon Lohajanghansura and grazed his cows. Adi Varaha Purana says that this ninth forest Lohajanghansura which was protected by the demon Lohajanghana, is the destroyer of all vices.


Raghava showed his followers the pleasant places where Nanda Kumar had roamed and after seeing the deities of Krishna and Balarama, Nrsingha and others, Raghava took them near the Jamuna where Radha Krishna's Naukakeli was performed.


Once Radha and her friends came to cross the Jamuna with their milk vessels and their beauty attracted Krishna. Krishna had been waiting for them with a broken boat to help them cross the river. Pg.184  When Radha saw him she called again and again to have him take them to the other side of the river. Krishna took them over in his boat and the charming incident which ensured has been described beautifully by the poets in their writings.


"Glory to Shri Hari who was feigning idle sleeping in his boat while the gopis repeatedly requested him to take them to the other side of the river. Radha anxiously told Krishna, "this boat is broken and the river is very deep here. We are only young girls and this situation is not in our favor. But Yadynanda, the only way we will be saved is with you as our boat man. O Yadunandana, on your suggestion I have thrown away my milk vessels, my necklace and also my scarf yet the other bank is not even in sight. This boat is filled with water and at any moment it will sink caught by a storming whirlpool. Alas, what an unforseen calamity. Despite this Krishna you are clapping joyfully. My hands cannot stop bailing out water from the boat and you cannot stop making jokes from your side. O Krishna, if I save myself this time I will never again put foot on your boat."


Pg.185  Mahavana (11)

In ecstatic emotion the three pilgrims entered Mahavana and Shri Pandit told Shrinivasa and Narottama that this was the residence of Nanda and Yasoda. The divine glory of this place cannot be described. Raghava said, "This is the birth place of Shri Krishna Candra where Nanda became overwhelmed with joy to see the face of Krishna. The cowherd men and women also came to see him and Nanda celebrated the birth of his son by distributing many things to the people. At that time the whole world was filled with ecstatic joy."


"I pray to that mahavana where Vrajaraja Nanda celebrated the birth of Krishna by bestowing eighteen million cows each wearing a large pearl necklace, celestail ornaments, and a tremendous quantity of jewellery and oil to the brahmins." (Stavavali/Vraja Vilas)


In the first song of Nandattasava in Stavamali Gitavali (Bhairavi raga) it is written; Yasoda gave birth to a beautiful son so the gopis were overwhelmed with joy. Some cowherd men presented gifts, others danced continously singing beautiful songs, while others distributed cream and curd. Some went around satisfying the desires of others and some simply absorbed Krishna's eternal beauty.



In another song (Asavari Raga) it is said: Brahmins are fully satisfied by the gifts of cows. O Prajesvara please satisfy the sinners. O Nandaraja you have got a beautiful son so please satisfy the ghosta brahmins with gifts sutiable for your celebration. My heart is filled with joy seeing the face of your son and it desires something which no one else has got. Let me be absorbed in your son who is like a floating black swan in Shri Sanatana's hut. Shri Raghava continued his description of the  holy places. It was here that Nanda performed all the rituals to celebrate the birth of Krishna. In a Ghoshala Nanda divulged his mind to Gargicarya and admitted his fear of Kamsa. Garga performed the name  giving ceremony of Rama and Sita very secretly in a Ghosala. Brajendra Kumar Krishna killed Putana here and the cremation of Putana was done  here.


Here Krishna once broke a chariot while lying on the ground. In Padyacali there is a description of Krishna's childhood in which it is stated; On seeing the glory of that baby, Shri Krishna who has bright red palms and feet and is decorated ith beautiful Gorcama tilaka. While lying on his back he broke the chariot.


Here Krishna has to lie in mother's lap to suck her breast milk. Being overwhelmed by the beauty of the face of her son Yasoda happily fed him in this way. "Lying in his mother's lap with half closed eyes Krishna is sucking one breast and caressing the other which is also filled with milk. His mother also caresses him with her fingers. Krishna smiles continually showing his bright teeth which are whitened by the milk,  May all of these teeth protect you." (Padyavali)



Raghava pointed out the place where Krishna used to give pleasure to Yasoda by crawling. "Attentive to the worries of Brajesvari, Krishna would crawl with restless eyes across the ground showing his sweet lips in nectarine smile. His complexion was like a dark Tamar leaf and it glittered. I pray to this boy." (Padyavali)


When the gopis would ask Krishna to find his eyes, ears, eyes, face and tuft of hair, the Lord would point with his little finger and give them great pleasure. It was here that Krishna would smear dust on his body and Yasoda would say, "I have just bathed you and perfumed you and you have immediately covered yourself with dust." (Padyavali)


It was here that beautiful Krishna used to turn to his mother for milk. Once Tainavaita carried Krishna high in the sky and Krishna enjoyed the view. He carried Tainavaita near the palace of Kamsa. Krishna once ate earth and showed Brajeswari the whole Brahmanda withiin his mouth. Because of this the place is called Brahmanda. It was here that Yasoda and the other gopis enjoyed the beauty of her son as they sat in the compound of the house.


"When Nandana was five years old, he was very restless, playing in the compound of Nandananda, his eyes covered by tufts of curly hair and decorated with bangles, nupra and necklaces." (padyavali)


Pg.188  In a verse of Padyavali it is described that Lord Krishna felt the love and excitment of a youth even in his childhood. The gopis would try to stop his crying by kissing his lips, pressing their necks on his, looking into his beautiful eyes with their foreheads touching and holding him tightly to their breasts. May that Lord Krishna whose lilas are beyond our conception be our protector.


Banamali Krishna used to give pleasure to the newly wedded gopis by playing in his father's lap. When Yasoda would ask him, "how much milk have you taken today," the naughty Lord Krnsa would hold the breast of a growing gopi to show the amount. May that Krishna be our protector. That Kesava used to embrace the young gopi wives by touching their breasts and saying. "O thief, give back my playing ball which you have stolen and are hiding in your blouse." (Padyavali)


"I sing the glory of the childhood of Lord Krishna when he crawled toward a vessel full of cream but being afraid of his mother continually he turned his face to see her." (Padyavali)


Pg.189  During his sleep Krishna used to call the demigods which made Yasoda very anxious. "O Siva, welcome here. Please sit down. O Brahma, please sit on my left side. O Kadakayar, O Indra how are you? Where are you Kadakayar? I cannot see you here." When mother Yasoda heard her child speaking like this in his sleep she said, "My dear child, why are you saying all these unearthly things?" And to free him from evil spirits she put saliva on the child. (Padyavali)


It was here that Yasoda used to tell the story of Rama to Krishna when she put him to sleep. Yasoda said, "There was a king called Rama." "Yes," said Krishna eagerly. "The name of his wife was Sita," mother Yasoda continued. "When he went to the forest of Panchvati on his father's order, Ravana kidnapped his wife." Hearing the stories of his previous lilas Krishna became restless and said, "O Laxmana, where is my bow and arrow?" May these excited words of Krishna protect you.


When Krishna was still awake Mother Yasoda said, "the evening is coming to an end now dear. Why are you not sleeping?" "O mother, I cannot sleep", replied Krishna. "Alright dear, listen to another wonderful story which will make you sleep", said Yasoda. "Yes please tell me," answered Krishna.


Now Yasoda began, "Nirsinha deva appeared from a pillar to kill the demon Hiranjaksipu." When he heard this wonderful story Devaki Nandana's face brightened with a sweet smile. (Padyavali)

In another place Raghava pointed out where Mother Yasoda had tied Krishna to an Udukhala (mortar for grinding corn) and Krishna accepted it as great fun. Raghava also showed the place where Krishna granted salvation to Yamalarjuna and explained how this place had become a tirtha. The water of the kunda here is clear and pure. A bath in this kunda during fast gives one an eternal result and visiting Mahavana helps one attain the pleasures of Indra loka. The temple of Gopisvara is another holy place and darshan of that temple will destroy all types of sins. This is Krishna's favorite Mahavana where he performed many pastimes. The Sapta Samudra kupas are here. The Puranas say that the performance of pinda here has eternal results.


Astha Mahavana was always my favorite. A man who visits here can be worshipped in the abode of Indra. Yamunajana kunda and a holy kunda are in Mahavana. In this tirtha Krishna has a little boy toppled a chariot, breaking the vessels of milk and curd. Fasting and bathing here gives eternal results. Gopesvara Mahadeva, the destroyer of all sins exists in this Mahavana. (Adi Varaha Purana)


Shri Shri Mahaprabhu in Mahavana

Shri Raghava said, "O Shrinivasa, it was here that Shri Chaitanya became overwhelmed in ecstatic joy upon seeing the birth place of Krishna. Chaitanya's ecstatic dancing and singing captivated the hearts of all who saw him. People came from all around to see Mahaprabhu and shouted the name of Hari in ecstatic emotion. Thinking that this man was not a saint but Krnsa himself, people cried emotionally and rolled on the ground. Mahavana became an ocean of happiness. Shri Chaitanya remained in ecstatic love while absorbing the deity of Madan Gopala. Who can describe the supernatural and divine lilas of Mahaprabhu?"


Shri Sanatana's darshan of Madan Gopala lila in Mahavana

Then Raghava took his two followers to the holy place where Gosvami Sanatana had once stayed. The residents of Mahavana felt very fortunate to have Sanatana amongst them. Sanatana decided to stay at mahavana for the darshan of Madan Gopal everyday. Madan Gopal used to play in Ramanaka the sandy beach of the Jamuna. One day Madan Gopal came to play just like a cowherd boy with the other boys of Mahavana. Seeing the divine way the boy played Sanatana thought that this cowherd boy could not be an ordinary child. When the boys had finished playing Sanatana followed Madan Gopal home. He saw the boys enter the temple but by the time Sanatana entered he saw only Madan Mohan deity instead of Madan Gopal the cowherd boy. Sanatana bowed before the deity and returned to his own place saying nothing to anyone. This Madan Gopal was completely controlled by the devotional love of Sanatana.


This next holy place is called Gopakupa. Shri Gokul and Mahavana are the same. The beauty of this place is enchanting. After sometime Upananda and other cowherd men moved to Gokul and the Balya lila of Krishna engladdened the cowherd men and women was performed here. Also see this old beautiful tree.


The arrival of Mahaprabhu at Gokula

The inhabitants of Gokul would rest under this tree and Mahaprabhu also sat here. In the course of time Mahaprabhu came to Agravana from Prayaga and then went to see the ashram of Muni Janadagni. Prabhu visited Renuka village which was named after Janadagni's wife Renuka. It was the birth place of Parasharama. Mahaprabhu went to Gokul from Renuka via Vrajagrama.


Mahaprabhu had darshan of Shri Madhavadeva in Prayaga and then danced with his followers in ecstatic devotional love. After taking darshan of Skshayavata he bathed in the Triveni.  He also enjoyed his bath in the Jamuna like a elated Ravana, shouting in ecstasy and walking with determined steps. After crossing the river Jamuna he visited Agravana where Renuka village had been the birth place of Parasharama the great warrior. After havingdarshan of Jamuna, who always flowed towards Vrndavana, Mahaprabhu went to Rajagrama. At last Mahaprabhu entered Gokula and became overwhelmed with ecstatic love. (CC)


Here Lord Chaitanya became maddened with ecstatic love and performed san kirtan.  He went with his followers to see Krishna's birthplace. Chaitanya described the various episodes of Krishna's birth to his companions and his mind became overwhelmed. This is the place where Nanda Maharaja and other cowherd men would consult with their friends and also where elderly gopis would sing theglories of Krishna. But because the residents of Gokul frequentlyfaced calamities they decided to shift to Vrndavana.  Raghava pointed out the path by which the cowherd men from Gokul and Rawal would use to go to Vrndavana. During their journey they had great fun crossing the Jamuna near Vandiravana. In Sakarali village they collected the cows and calves and all took rest. Rawal was the village of Vrishabhanu where Shri Radhika took birth to enlighten the whole world.


"Let my mind be filled with love for Vishabhanupur in Rawal where the precious gem Shri Radha appeared in the mine of Kirtida's room for which mother was praised by the demigods, rishis and human beings." (Stavavali) This is a song.


What a happy moment passed in Vishabhanu's temple when Radhika took birth from Kirtida's womb. Brightening the world Shri Radha vanguished the sighs and depressions of everyone. Her body was soft as milk cream and beautifully shaped. Seeing her beauty her parents could not control their excitment and repeatedly looked at her moonlike face. A glorious sound is covering the world and the gopis are singing the Mangala Geet. Various instruments accompany the song and shouting in jubilation dancing gopis join in. Tamuk, curd and milk were brought for the occasion and the cowherd men laughed and enjoyed themselves. The brahmins and the singers were offered valuable gifts and Narahari also became joyful observing the fun.


Raghava continued to explain that seeing the beauty of Radha her parents were unable to take their minds away from her. For her well being they distributed many things to the visitors. As Radha played with her friends, her mother's joy increased. Vishabhanu also observed the fun with his friends in Rawal.


O Shrinivasa, after coming from Gokul Candra stayed here for sometime and he became overwhelmed with spiritual joy when he saw the Rawal village. Seeing this sannyasi saint people came from all directions with the name of Hari on their lips. When they saw the beauty of his face they felt that the sannyasi must be Krishna who had come to earth to enjoy himslef as a fair sannyasi. Other people were not able to express their feelings in words but everyone cried in enchantment. After performing his divine lilas in Rawal, Chaitanya went to Mathura with Sanodra.


O Shrinivasa, this pleasant and lonely place is full of the childhood lilas of Radhika.


After discussing these different holy places they passed the night in Rawal discussing the glory of Krishna. No one can describe the aesthetic feelings of love Shri Raghava, Shrinivasa and Shri Narottama experienced. Whoever hears this story attentively will be blessed by Shri Radha, Shri Krishna and Shri Chaitanya.


The next day they crossed the river Jamuna and entered Mathura. They saw the prison where Vasudeva and Ugrasena had been held and the place where Kamsa snatched the dughter of Yasoda (Devi Chandrika) and attempted to kill her. They saw a place where Vasudeva passed urine on a stone and the path by which Vasudeva carried Krishna towards Gokul and the way he had returned after keeping Krishna safely in Yasoda's house.


The story of Sudarshana-Vidyadhia in Ambika Kanana

After bathing in Vishrama Tirtha Raghava and his followers went to Ambika Kanana on the bank of the Krishna Ganga. They were happy to have drshan of Shri Ambika Devi and Gokarnakhya Siva.


Then Raghava spoke softly and pointed out a beautiful place on the bnk of the river Krishna Ganga. It was here that Nanda and other cowherd men came to see the deities and offer puja in various ways to Mahadeva and Ambika. While Nanda was taking rest a large poisonous snake came to bite him. Seeing his father in distress Lord Krishna touched the snake with his foot while a divine smile crept across his lips. Getting the touch of the lotus feet of Lord Krishna the snake was transformed into a divine personality. He told Krnsa that previously he was a Vidyadhara named Sudarshana but was cursed by a brahmana to become a snake. The Vidyadhara praised the glories of Krishna and returned to his heavenly planet. Seeing the super natural performance of Krishna, Nanda and the other cowherd men were overjoyed and returned to their homes with Krishna and Balarama.


Raghava then took them to the greatest of all holy places, Shri Akkrura Tirtha. This place was a favorite of Krishna's. Whatever benefit you can get by bathing in all the holy places will be accomplished by one bath here. On Pornima during the month of Kartik whoever bathes on this day, the day of the solar eclipse gets the benefit of performing a rajasuya or asvamedha yajna (Saura Purana).


Krishna begs food in Akkrura village

Pg.194  Shri Chaitanya came to beg in Akkrura village in order to avoid crowded Vrndavana. No one could understand his mind.


Once in this beautiful place, Angrira and other saints performed a sacrifice with a view to getting sufficient food. Krishna sent one of his sakhas here but the saints grew angry by the boy's requests and sent him away. When the boy returned to Krishna and told his story Krishna sent him to the wives of those saints. They were delighted to feed Krishna and his friends and brought the food to this place. Krishna enjoyed himself eating the food prepared by the wives of the saints and therefore this place is name Bhojana Sthala.


"This is the place where the beautiful wives of the Yajnoc brahmans fed various types of fine food to Krishna and Balarama with great love and devotion. I sing the glory of this place and also the glory of those wives.


Shri Vrndavana (12)

Pg. 195  Shri Raghava described the glory of Vrndavana to Shrinivasa and Narottama. "O holy earth this twelfth forest of Vrndavana is the destroyer of all vices and is protected by Vrnda devi. It is certainly my favorite place. Here I will perform pastimes with my gopas and gopis in the famous beautiful places which are beyond the attainment of the demigods." (Adi Varaha Purana)


Vrndavana is completely under Vrnda devi's grace. Shri Hari himself lives in this splendid yet incomprehensible place which is worshipped by Brahma, Vedra and other demigods. Extending over wide area, VRndavana is decorated with tulasivana and is the ashram of saints. Vrndavana is as dear to Govinda as Shri Laksmi is to Shri Vishnu. Surrounded by his cowherd boys and cows Madhava sports in Vrndavana with Balarama. O what a beautiful place is Vrndavana where Govardhana mountain sweeps away the sins of mankind. Within Vrndavana are the different holy places created by Bhagavan Vishnu." (Skanda Purana Mathura Khanda)


Pg.196  Vrndavana is always decorated by fresh flowers, green trees and creepers and the beauty of this place stirs the hearts of the gopis and gopas. It is in a dear place for grazing cows. The beauty of the forest is eternal and it destroys the miseries and sins of mankind. (Padma Purana)


There is a verse in the Shrimad Bhagavatam in which one gopi says:"O Sakhi, Vrndavana is a special creation of the earth. Because Vrndavana derives its beauty from the lotus feet of Devaki Nandana all living entities stand motionless at the feet of the mountain they see the dance of the peacocks and are enchanted by the sound of Govinda's flute."


Pg.197  Raghava then told his followers something which was written in Goutami tantra where Krishna says to Narada, "Every part of this beautiful Vrndavana is my abode. Every creature or demigod who lives in this place will attain Golokadham after death. The cowherd girls who live in my abode are Yoginis. The five Yojanas (nearly 25 miles) of Vrndavana forest are like my body and the spinal cord of the body is Kalindi who flows with nectar like water. Deities and other spirits live here in invisible bodies. And I, living within every being, never leave this place. My appearance and disappearance has been enacted in every age. The divine and glorious illumination of this place are beyond worldly vision."


"The glory of VRndavana is beyond anyone's calculation. Vrndavana extends over 16 krosa, where in the Shastra it is said 5 yojana. Whoever has darshan of Govinda in Vrndavana never goes to Yamalaya but conversely attains the glory f a virteous person. The temple of Shri Govinda Deva is situated in Vrndavana and is surrounded by devotees. A fortunate person can have His darshan."


"In Vrndavana the temple of Govinda Deva is surrounded by devoted worshippers. I prefer to live there. O king, in this world Vrndavana is the Vaikuntha of Govinda. Vrnda and other female devotees of Krishna also remain there. O Mahapala, those great souls who get darshan of the powers of Govinda in Vrndavana are the most glorified persons in this world." (Narada Muni Skanda Purana)


Shri Govinda deva and the auspicious methods of worship  Pg.198

Vrajendra's son, Shri Govinda deva, performed his lilas in various ways according to his own desires. Worldly persons see him as a deity but his devotees know him as Govinda himself. In Vrndavana he enjoys himself with his beloved gopis and a Karnika of a eight petalled lotus. (Karnika equals the seed pod of the lotus)


The dark complexion, yellow robed, Nirguna (without attributes), two armed Govinda deva, with his head adorned with a peacock comb, with hands holding a flute and stick stands in the center of the sixteen petalled lotus with eight clustered petals symbolizing Vrndavana in the shape of a thousand petalled lotus in the center of which is Mathura Mandir, specifically Gokul. On either sides stands Radha and Candravali. (Atharveda)


I bow to the feet of Radha the Godess of the Yogapatha who stands always with Govinda with her wonderful gestures and postures. (Sanmohana Tantravakya)


The Yogapatha in Vrndavana is one of the wonders of the world. Govinda's beauty is indescribable in this place.


Pg.199  In the Padma Purana, Parvati asks, "O Lord of mercy, please describe the wonderful nectarine beauty of Govinda. I want to hear it."


Mahadeva answers, "There is a place in the centre of Vrndavana which is decorated with Nandara trees and many other kinds of trees. It covers several miles and is the abode of happiness. Bumble bees him there being maddened by the sweet scent of the flowers. The eternal place of Govinda is that Siddhapatha which is covered by seven veils. It is the best place for those who want to hear. In that place there is a jewel studded platform of the holy Hemapatha.  Within the center of Hemapatha the bright and beautiful Yogapatha is situated. This octagonal patha is elimated by different bright objects. A golden throne bedecked with bright jewels is there. And on the throne is a eigth petalled lotus. Govinda forms his favorite place within the pollen which are enriched with abundant happiness. How can I sufficiently glorify this place? I pray to that Govinda who remains within the pollen worshipped by the gopis. he is Vrndavana Natha, Gokulapati. He is young and beautiful and the dear most associate of the maidens of Vraja."


Raghava then quoted a verse from the Varaha Tantra that Vrndavana patha was floating on an ocean of love with Radha upon that jewel studded golden throne. The pollen is a immortal place where Govinda resides eternally.


"Within the pollen of the lotus Shri Krishna performs his maha lila. What can be said about the maha lila? Krishna, the eternal master of Vrndavana assumed his Gopala form on that mountain of Mahalila rasa. The charming third petal of the lotus is the brightest and best of all desired objects. Pg.200  The glory of the pollen of this lotus cannot be described and it is the Vallabha of the Vrajabasis, the concealer of hs own divinity, and the dearest of the Gopis, who is splendidly beautiful with his youthful age and his charming gait." (Varaha Tantra)


In the Varaha Tantra Prithivialso inquired about the real identity of Krishna who is the source of every cause, the absolute entity, the ever lasting master of Vrndavana and the source of Nirguna Brahma. He is known as Govinda.


Varaha said, "I pay homage to Govinda who sits on a golden throne with Radha and whose beauty has already been described. I bow to Govinda who is beautifully bedecked in celestial ornaments who is very soft and who is the coinosure of the Gopis eyes as he stands in his three fold bending posture. Within this Yoga Patha with its golden throne exists the divinely dressed Krishna Vallavha, his prkiti Lalita and the the original prkiti Shri Radha. Lalita devi, is in front, Shyamala is positioned in the North East, Shri Madhumati in the North, Dhyana in the North East, Krishna's beloved Visakha in the East, Shaibya in the South East, Padma in the South and Bhadra in the South West. In front of them stands the beautiful Carucandravali. These eight main prkitis are the dearest of Krishna but Radha is the Supreme Goddess. The num prkiti of Krishna. Citra vasha, Vinda, Candra, Madana Sundari, Saprya, Madhymati, Shasi Rekha and Hari Priya also surrounded the place. Radha is the Goddess of Vrndavana and the head of all sixteen prkitis. Lalita is also as dear to Krishna as Radha."


"I sing the glory of Krishna who sits on a jewelled mountain and remains within a golden pavilion inside the kopa tree." (Gautamiya tantra)


According to Shri Raghava, whoever can visualixe Krishna, whose lilas are glorified throughout the world, never wants to see anything else.


"Dear friend, if you want to enjoy yourself with your friends do not visit the place near Keshi tirtha and do not see the deity of Krishna who is known as Govinda as he stands with a sweet smile in his three fold bending form giving meaningful side glances as he holds his flute and wears his peacocl crown." (Bhaktirasamrta Sindhu)


"A man can free himself fron worldly entanglement if he performes dhyna of Krishna within his heart. Krishna is worshipped by the sweet cool breezes created by the waves of the Jamuna. He is situated in the center of a jewelled lotus adorned with celestial ornaments as he stands at the base of a kopa tree surrounded by cows and gopis. With his two hands, beautiful lotus eyes, his dark complexion like a rain cloud and dressed in clothes as bright as lightning Ranamali is the master of everything." (Gopala tapani)


Pg 202  O Shrinivasa, everyone worships the feet of Shri Govinda, Gopinatha and Madan Mohan are the source of everythin within holy Vrndavana. Madan Gopal has become famous as Madan Mohan in this world. The accurate explainations of these poems are given in Urdhamna tantra.


Pg 203-205  Shri Padavati asked Mahadev to explain the glory and true identity of Govinda deva. Shri Mahadev said, "Govinda himself is Gopala and he performs revealed (prakat) and unrevealed (aprakat) eternal lilas. He exists eternally in Yogapatha and Vrndavana and is the only Lord of Vrndavana throughout the four Yugas. He is worshipped by Nanda, Gopa and others in Vatasalya Vilasa. Even Krishna himself is attracted by his own sweet sports and praises his form as Govinda. He awarded the Gopis their clothes and fulfilled the gore of their practice of austerity. He is the Supreme being conceived as the source of consciousness who prevades the entire Vraja Mandir. He is the heart and soul of Shri Radhika. His mouth is reddened by betel leaf and he enjoys his developing manhood as he crosses into the adolscent period. There is a lake called Brahma Kunda which is surrounded by jewels and full of swans and lotuses. On the South there is a jewwlled pavilion surrounded by Mandala trees. That Supreme place Yogapatha is situated in the center of that pavilion. In that place Krishna is fully enchanted and adored by the love of Vrndavaneswari and is completely under her control, her face is bright with a broad smile. The embodiment of the beauty of Krishna is the great sakhi who is known as Lilavati Vindadevi who is expert in every way. She remains forever on the East of Yogapatha. On the South stays Krishna keli, Vinodina Shyam and on the West and North Bagini devi and Siddhesi devi remain respectively. Again on the East is Deva Panchanana, on the South Dasarupa Dhari Sankaishana, on the West the four faced Brahma, and on the North the thousand-faced Ananta devi.


Radhika's dear friend Madan Madini, who always carries a golden stick and is the controller of the place takes Krishna, who is overwhelmed in love, to the kopatauru. Within the abode of Shri Yugula which is the pride of Madana the love God, Madan Madini who develops the loving enviroment even for Madana, builds a love temple using the brightness of the black complexion of Nilkantani Hari.


After discussing these intimate realisations Shri Pandita took Shrinivasa and Narottama to other holy places leaving Vrajonatla behind. He pointed out the place called Sanorakha where Saubhri Muni performed his tapasya. Coming to Kaliyahrada, Shri Raghava told Shrinivasa that Krishna had performed one of his wonderful lilas in that place. Climbing up a kadamba tree he dived into the water of the Kalandi and defeated the serpent kaliya. Everyone enjoyed Krishna's dance on the expanded hoods of Kaliya after which Krishna bestowed his mercy on the serpent and sent him to Ramanak island. Whoever bathes in this lake can be freed from all vices and will attain the abode of Vishnuloka if he dies there. That is confirmed in Adi Varaha Purana.


Pg 206  The twelve-lettered prayers of Shri Govinda give the greatest feeling of love. The first two letters are Kanibija and then Shri Krishnanaya. After the Govindaya and the last Savha. Then comes the Yugalatmaka Govinda mantra. First of all Laksmi bech, then Kama bech and then Napada Radha Govinday Vangmana. In the practice of these Yugamantras help one get the favor of both Radha and Krishna. The main powers behind the practice of these two mantras are the saint, Kamadev, the rhythm, virata and the deity Govinda and Radha Govinda. Radha the Lordess of Yogapatha is the principle power with six parts of the body and Kamabech. The silent meditation of Govinda is as follows: Glory to Govinda who is as beautiful as a new flower,the performer ot immortal lilas who wears a dress of a wrestler. Glory to Govinda who holds the flute in one hand and a jewelled stick in the other, whose beautiful and broad shoulders are covered by a pure bright piece of yellow silk and who has charmed the world. He places his left leg over his right leg while standing in his three fold posture. Having finished this silent meditation one should recite the name of Hari four lakh times. Then one should offer flowers like champakam, asoka, tulasi, kalhara, and padma with til and perform ajyahoma obligations before Shri Govinda dev and SRi Radha. By these practices one will get darshan of Radha Govinda. Shriman Madan Gopala also exists within Vrndavana. Gopala exists eternally as a boy and Govinda dev exists as a matured youth. In comparsion to these two features Gopinath is the most beautiful. Gopal is of a calm but proud disposition; Govinda is of a calm and broad hearted disposition and Gopinath is of a calm and gentle disposition. Gopala is lion necked while Govinda stands in a three fold posture and Gopinath is a flirt with a broad chest. Gopinath,  who is just emerging from childhood, resided in a cave at the boarder of Govardhan Hill, decorated with flowers where he sported during the three periods of the evening. After that Shri Govinda who was matured and had been struck by Madana enjoyed the pleasure of these splendidly decorated Yogapatha. The virtues acheived after many years in different pithas can be attained in Vrndavana in one day. Yogapatha looks like the youthful sun in the morning who is beautiful during the subsequent periods. At noon it is like the bright young sun, in the afternoon like the leaf of a lotus and in the evening like the reddish glow from the heaps of sindhura (red dust). At night Yogapatha looks like the full cool moon and in the deep night it glows blueish like the Indranilamani. In the rainy season it looks like yellow grass glowing like a jewel and in the autumn and winter it resembles the glow of Padma Ranganami and in the winter like the glow of a diamond. In the spring it sparkles like new leaves and in the summer like the flow of nectar. In all seasons Yogapatha provided enjoyment, surrounded by Asoka and other trees and decorated by various types of jewels, surrounded by Parvati, these are the eight names of the Yogapatha: Candravali, Duradharsa Radha Sauvagya, Mandira, Shri Ratnamandap, Shringar Mandap, Souvagya Mandap, Maha Madhuya Mandap, Samrajya Mandap and Surata mandap. Whoever recites the namastaka of the Yogapatha in the morning will attract Govinda deva and attain the love of Krishna. (Urdhanamya tantra)


Pg 207  "Whoever takes his bath in this lilasthan of mine, does homage to the Lord with water from this place, and worships me by fasting, remaining absorbed in my holy name, becomes free from all vices." (Shrimad Bhagavatam)


The beauty of the Kadamba tree from which Krishna dove into the lake is described in the scriptures. "O Vishalakashi, the pundits have visualised many transcendental things in this place. The virteous scented branches is situated on the East side of the Kaliya lake. In Bishalakshi, this charming and auspicious tree blooms throughout the twelve months of the year and brightens the whole world." (Adi Varaha Purana)


"This sin destroying holy place name Kali Tirtha is where Bhagavan Krishna danced on the head of Kaliya. Whoever worships Vasudeva by taking a bath in this holy place achieves the virtue of Krishna seva which is completely unobtainable by vile persons." (Sauy Purana)


Raghava then pointed out the Dvadashaditidya tirtha which according to the Puranas fulfills the desires of all men. "O Vasundhari, whoever takes a bath in Sarya tirtha gets the darshan of Aditya and goes to the abode of Suryaloka having had all his desires fulfilled. There is no doubt that whoever takes a bath in this holy place on the last day of the month on a Sunday gets the pleasure of having his desires fulfilled."(Adi Varaha Purana)


Pg.208  Pointing out one hill Shri Raghava told Shrinivasa that after killing Kaliya in the Kali lake Krishna came to that place and when the Sun God saw Krishna shivering with cold he increased his heat to warm the Lord.


"I continually take shelter of the holy place Dvashashurya where beautiful Murari was stricken with cold and worshipped by twelve sons with great devotional love. Krishna lives gracefully there amidst the croawds of men, women and cows." (Stavavali)