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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami > Govinda Lilamrta 2 > Chapter-13


"The service of the six seasonal forests (2)"



Then Krishna and His girlfriends came to the border between the monsoon- and the autumn-forest. Seeing its beauty, He told His beloved Radhika: "Priye! Look! This forest looks as beautiful as an adolescent girl in puberty The childhood of the monsoon is over and the youth of autumn is starting. Priye, look! This forest is as beautiful as a girl in puberty! Her childhood of monsoon is over and her youth of autmn is starting! Look! The bumblebees leave the flowerless Yuthika-vines like men that leave their old ladies and take shelter of fresh young girls (flowers)." (1-3)



parinata vara gunja punja sonataviyam

patita sikha sikhanda kasa puspaih sita bhuh

sikhitatir api muka vagmini hamsa panktih

kathayati rtu Iaksmim saradim aga tam nah



"We have come to the beautiful autumn-forest, that is reddened by ripe gunja-beads. Innumerable peacockfeathers have fallen on the ground and heaps of Kasa-flowers have whitened the ground. The peacocks are silent but the swans are cooing: "the autumn has come!" (4)



"0 Fairfaced girl! Look how many Sephali-flowers are falling on the ground because thirsty bees are touching them, just as the sakhis were agitated when I touched them (while looking for My flute) and they fled in all directions!" (5)



Kundalata said: "Behold the forest before You, 0 king and queen of Vrndavana! It is called Sarada, or autumn, and it is adorned by Your girlfriend Sarada! Look at this forest that is eager to serve You with its restless Khanjanabird-like eyes, its lotus-like face, it's bee-like locks, it's playing Cakravaka-flamingolike breasts, it's white cloud-dress, it's red lotus-lips, it's cooing cranes as its anklebells and it's blue lotus-earrings!" (6-7)



"This autumnal friend looks out for You down the road to decorate all Your limbs with Rangana- and Jatiflowers, Your heads with beautiful white lotusflowers, Your ears with red and blue lotuses and Your bed in the kunja-cottage with automatically falling Sephali-flowers. The fragrance of the blooming Chatima-trees is the fluid of the lusty elephant of the autumn-forest. His body is covered by blankets of white autumn-clouds, the Kasa-flowers are its beautiful whisk, the lusty bulls, bees and birds resound as its waistbells, the cranes coo like its jingling anklebells and the swans coo like its bells." (8-10)



"This autumn-forest looks like Lord Vishnu's form, fondled by Kamala's (the goddess of fortune's) hands (or:has lakes full of kamala lotusflowers), it is the shelter for parama hamsas (0r. the lakes are full of swans, hamsas) and is beautified by His disc, the cakra (or: Cakravaka-flamingoes are swimming in its lakes)." (11)



Everyone sat down under a tree with ripe, nectarean fruits to listen to the quarrel of a suka and sarika pair of parrots.



vedantadhyapanacarya anucana vayam dvy~ah

stribhir asprsta vrksanam patamah phafa bhaksana(

lIÁ_ _vanam vrndavanesena dattam etat pra(usya(a

asmabhyam sarikas tasmad gacchatanya(ra dasikah



The suka said: "0 sarikas ! Go to another forest! We are dvijas (brahmanas or birds) we have studied Vedanta! We will fall from our caste if we eat fruits that were touched by women! You are just maidservants, go somewhere else! The Lord of Yrndavana has given this forest to us, being pleased with us!" (13-14)

(Note: brahmanas are twice born: first from the mother; then through the sacred thread-ceremony, and birds are first born from the mother and then from the egg)



prabhu dvisah praja yuyam radhaiva yad vanesvari puranesv idam evok tam radha vrndavane vane



The sarikas replied: "You sukas are all envious of the Lord! Radha is the only queen of this forest! It is said in the Purana's (Matsya Purana) radha vrndavane vane!" (15)



The sukas replied: "The srutis say that this is Krishna's forest and the srutis (Veda) are more authoritative than the smrtis (Puranas)! You consider this yourself! Everyone knows this forest as Han vana and the srutis and smrtis testify this. This gives joy to the whole world!" (16-17)



The sarikas said: "This forest is not just related to Your Lord, it is Radha's only! It is even related to Her body, as it is Her very bodily reflection!" (18)



"The cowherdboys look nice outwardly, but inside they are crooked and dirty! They look like ripe Maha Kala fruits!" (19)



The sukas say: "0 sarikas ! The juice of the gopis is hidden by a hard bark of unwillingness and bones of pride, just like a coconut, but my Lord Krishna is devoid of any faulty bark-covering, He is juicy inside out, like a grape!" (20-21)



The saris said: "Although your Lord Acyuta is juicy within, He is always covered by a thick bark of crookedness and impudence. Without a juice-squeezer one cannot get any juice from this thick bark! Similarly, Acyuta does not give any rasa (transcendental flavour) unless we use the instrument of our mana (pique). Krishna is just like a black sesame-seed: juicy within, but with a hard deceitful bark outside, not giving any juice without being hit by the instrument of our proud unwillingness." (22-23)



gopi sreni java fiva saurabha bahir ujjvala

n ilotpalanibhah krishnah surucih saurabhanvitah



The sukas said: "The gopis are just like Java-flowers: bright on the outside, but without any fragrance, while Krishna is like a blue lotusflower: looking beautiful and smelling nicely also!" (24)



nianjistheva md isa svantar bahir api sadaika rageyam sphatika man ivad isas te nava nava sangad vibhinna rago' yam



The sarikas said: "My mistress is just like a Manjistha-flower: beautiful inside out, but Your Lord is like a chrystal: reflecting every colour that shines in it, always again attracted to new (female) company!" (25)



The sukas said: "Through the fire of Krishna's strength, the wormlike demonesses (like Putana) were burned to ashes. Who can compete with Krishna, the lifter of Govardhana Hill?" (26)


vrajesvararadhana tusta visnuna krsne nidhayadbhuta saktim atmanah baki bakadya nisatah surarayah

krsnenabhy~nair iha kirtir arpita


The sari said: "Lord Yisnu gave Krishna His wonderful power; being pleased with Nanda Maharaja's worship of Him. Only a fool praises Krishna, making Him famous as the killer of Bakasura and Baki (Putana)." (27)



tusto' yam adrir balibhug vrajasya svayam samutthaya nabhasya tisthat adho'sya hastam vinidhaya krsnodharoddhrtau kirtim uricakara


"Govardhana Hill was pleased with the food offered to him by the people of Vraja and lifted himself into the air. Krishna just had to stand under him and now the whole world praises Him as Govardhana-dhari!" (28)



"May our Lord Krishna, who enchants the whole world, who destroys the patience of all the women with His beauty, who stuns the goddess of play, who lifted Govardhana Hill as if it was a ball, who has innumerable qualities, who pleases all the people with His character and whose fame is spead throughout the world, protect us!" (29)



shri radhikayah priyata surupata susijata nartana gana cat Un gunali sampat kavita ca rajate jagan mano mohana citta mohini


The sarika said: "With Her loveliness, Her fine bodily form, Her good behaviour; Her expertise in dancing and singing, all Her fine qualities and Her poetic skill, Shri Radhika enchants the mind of world-enchanting Krishna."




The suka said: "Krishna only relishes Radha's lips as the bees relish the jasmines, and Radha relishes the bliss of serving Krishna's lotusfeet." (31)



The sarika said: "Radhika always prays for Krishna's company, but when She gets it She becomes as hot as the sun in June out of proud anger. She prays for Krishna's loving service, but when She comes close to Him in Yrndavana, then She behaves as if She is lording it over Him! How amazing!" (32)



The suka said: "Han's flute stuns the rivers, attracts andenchants the whole world and makes all the ladies give up their chastity! Who can describe the glories of Krishna's flute? It makes the ladies' love for other men (like their husbands) fade away, it showers their hearts with its nectarean sound and it awakens everyone's natural love for Krishna!" (33-34)



Then the suka's and sarika's, intoxicated with love for their master Shri Krishna and their mistress Shri Radhika, joyfully discussed Their glories amongst eachother. (35)



One suka said: "Who carried Govardhana Hill on one finger to curve Indra's mountain-like pride, and who enjoyed dancing on the hoods of the Kaliya-snake, tell me? It was Krishna!" (36)



One sari said: "Whose mountain-like breasts carry Giridhari like a playlotus and who dances on the snake-like head of the snake-catcher Krishna's mind, tell me? It is SnIa Radha!" (37)


One suka said: "How can the Atimukta-flowers (Madhavi) witti tneir ~iossoming ooaies nouri~n aii tfi~ honeybees with their juice? It is only by Madhava's (the spring's) power (Or: How can the sages, that are already liberated, become nourished by nectarean divine love? Only because of Madhava's (Krishna's) all-attractive power!)" (38)



"One sarika said: "How can the Atimukta (Madhavi-) vines always produce honey so that they attract the bees? Because they associate with the followers of Krishna. (Or: How can the liberated souls be attracted to the nectar of devotion? By associating with the devotees of Krishna, who know the essence of life)." (39)



A suka said: "Who looked at the naked girls after stealing their clothes by the Yamuna, where they were bathing, who broke the vows of all chaste girls, who killed a calf (Vatsasura), a woman (Putana) and a bull (Aristasura) without shame, tell me? It was Krishna!" (40)



One suka said: "Who gave Putana, who wanted to kill Him, playing His mother; a position as His mother (see Bhag. 3.2.23), who herds the calves and also killed a calf, who killed Dhenukasura and also herds Dhenu's (cows) and who killed a bull (Aristasura) and herds bulls as well? Who tested the hearts, bodies and words of the maidens (when He stole their clothes by the Yamuna), and later acted as their husband (during the Rasa dance) as He had promised, who took away the chastity of the young girls, but made them must chaste (to Him), tell me? It was Krishna!" (41-42)



Thus they all drank the nectar of the parrots' clever words through the cups of their ears. Radha and Krishna Each told Their friends to reward these birds and then went to admire the beauty of the autumn-forest. (43)



Lalita gave a whole field of ripe grapes to the sarika's and Subala gave a whole garden of ripe pomegranateseeds to the kira's (male parrots). (44)



Meanwhile, Nandimukhi told Radha and Krishna: "Behold the Hemantaforest, named Hemanta Santa, before You~ It is eager to offer its wealth (of fruits and flowers) to Your lotusfeet!" (45)



"This forest pleases all Your five senses with the fragrance of the wonderful blooming Amlana-, Kuruntakaand Kurabaka-flowers, with the sweet sounds of the partridges, Lava-birds, Kikhi-birds, parrots and bumblebees with the pleasant taste of ripe oranges, and with it's cool breezes! Krishna! This Hemanta-forest shines like Your own body! Just as You are surrounded by Your friends, this forest is surrounded by blooming Jhinti-flowers, just as Your body is shining without wilting away (amfana) this Hemantaseason is full of spotless amlana)-flowers. Just as Your body increases the influence of the flower-archer Cupid, this forest also increases Cupid's influence, just as You are surrounded by the gopis this forest also has Gopivines. Just as Your body is blooming with Cupid's flower-arrows, this forest also has blooming flower-arrows, and just as Sukadeva sings Your glories in Shrimad Bhagavata, the Suka-parrots sing Your glories in this forest!" (46-47)



Then Han very blissfully described the beauty of the winterforest to His lover; saying: "0 Fairfaced girl! Behold the winterforest, that looks like the best of dancing-girls, dressed in nice multicolored clothes in the form of ripe wheat. There are many parrots that are intoxicated with lust, reciting the auspicious invocations of theaterplays, and the ripe oranges of this forest are her breasts!" (48-49)



"0 Chaste girl! Out of fear of the winter-cold the warmth of the sun takes shelter of the fortress of Your breasts! Therefore Your Cakravaka-bird like breasts, relieved of their pain of separation, are happy day and night!" (50)


"In the winter the heat of fires are fearfully hiding from the cold, running to different places: some hide in the wellwater; some in the hollows of the trees and some in the caves of the mountains! Day and night the witch of wintercold drinks the blood of the sun's and the fire's heat, in an unseen way!" (51-52)



"The young men that lie to sleep with their young ladies at nighttime are afraid to give up the warm embrace of their lovers' breasts. They worship the sun to lengthen so that they can delay their morning rise. The sun mercifully fulfills their desire and rises later." (53)



"Look at these ripe oranges before Us! Their qualities remind Me of the kunkuma-smeared breasts of the young maidens in the Rasanight!" (54)



Then forestqueen Vrnda said to her king and queen : "Behold the Sisira rucira forest before You, that is eager to serve You! Any creature who enters this forest shivers and horripilates (of cold or loving ecstasy) at some places there is some warmth under the high trees. The sun's rays become mild and it moves southwards. This beautiful winterforest is as if praising You with love with its larks and Harita-birds, offering You a red sari with its Java- and Bandhuka-flowers, a blouse with Damanaka-flowers and a white gown with Kunda-flowers." (55-57)



"In the morning and evening thin sunrays fall on the roots of the sunstone-covered trees with closed leaves. The deer slowly graze there, basking in the thin sunrays. Seeing You coming, they comer before You, adorned with tears and goosepimples of love. In the winter the warmth of the sun and the length of the days decrease daily, the sun's heart's friends, the lotusflowers, whither away and the fierce sunrays become milder because of the wintercold. Who, except for the Lord of the Universe, is not controlled by time?" (58-59)



"Out of fear of the strong cold, the sun invests it's wealth of warmth in the fortress-like breasts of the gopis, who quickly offer these breasts to Krishna for His enjoyment, not caring for morality out of intense love." (60)



Hearing Yrnda's words and seeing the beauty of the winterforest, Krishna became very happy and He sweetly told His beloved: "0 Beautiful girl, look! The bees leave the closed lotusfiowers, seeing the winter has come, and go to the blooming Kundaflowers where they find pleasure!" (61)



"0 beautiful girl! Look! The bumblebees leave the lotusflowers, that are the abodes of Indira (the goddess of beauty) and that are afflicted by the severe cold and fly to the Kundaflowers!" (63)



"The winter is the soldier of the eclipse who is attacking the sun, but being unable to completely defeat him, he sets the lotusflowers on fire, knowing they are dear to the sun." (64)



"The ripening Badari-fruits remind Me of the breasts of the Vraja gopis that came up from the water of the Yamuna (when I stole their clothes)." (65)



Vrnda gave Han two soft white Java-flowerbuds and He decorated Radha's ears with them, His hands shivering and horripilating of love, and Shri Radhika also also adorned Han with earrings made of Kundaflowers. (66)



radhayah karapankaje'tha nihita kaundi muda vrndaya ya mala Iaghu Iohitotpala kula srag diptim esa dadhe suksmendivara malya rociranaya krishnasya kanthe'rpita

tenasya hrdi yojita sapulake campeya ma Jya dyut~m


Vrnda placed a garland of Kundaflowers in Radhika's lotushand and that made the white garland turn slightly red (from the reddish luster of Radhika's handpalm). Radhika joyfully hung that garland around Krishna's neck and so it became a tender garland of blue lotusflowers. Then, when Krishna hung it around Radhika's neck it looked like a garland of golden Campaka-flowers. (67)



Seeing this, Visakha smiled and said: "Look at this tender blooming (puspita) Kunda-vine (kundalata) that makes one lusty honeybee (ah) after the other drink her honey (0r:~menstruating (puspita) Kundalata lets one lusty man (ah) after the other drink the nectar of her lips)." (68)



Citra said: "0 Chaste girl! This is not so amazing for Subhadra's wife (Kundalata) to do, for the girl Varksi (the daughter of the trees) acted with the same love for the Praceta-sages! (See Bhag. Canto 4, chapter 30)" (69)



Kundalata said: "Look at this, amazing! Hundreds of honeybees leave the nearby Bandhujiva-flowers to kiss one particular one (all the gopis leave their husbands to join Krishna)!" (70)



Citra said: "These bees have the same lustre as Krishna, they collect only the essence, the purest honey, they also look at Krishna and they sing in the fifth note like Krishna's Murali-flute (or: the gopis only accept prema as the essence of life, so they leave everything behind for Krishna. They are like the moonbeams and Krishna is like the honey). (71)



Then Han told His beloved: "Radhe! Your incomparible qualities eclipse even those of the goddess of fortune, who gave up her pride and became Your follower; what to speak of any other lady?" Hearing this, Radhika began the following discussion with Han. She said: "That Laksmi is Your wife!" Han said: "That's why You are that Shri (Laksmi)!" Radbika said: "How can a cowherdgirl be the goddess of fortune?" Han said: "If I am the husband of the gopis as well as of Laksmi, then you must all be goddesses of fortune!" Radhika said: "This restless Laksmi gave up her prowess to become a human girl , being attracted to You!" Han said: "She has attained Your human-like form to become My wife!"

Radhika: "The does are also Your dear ones, since You attracted them with Your flute!" Han said: "They are dear to Me because their eyes look like Your eyes!" Radhika: "The Yamuna is also Your lover; since she has the same name and complexion as You (krishna) have!" (72-81)



Krishna said: "Because Visakha has no (vi) branches (sakha) she is My beloved, that's why she became like You!" (82)



Radhika said: "The bees are also Your lovers, as they sleep on the garland on Your chest." (83) Krishna said: "They look like Your locks, therefore they are always dear to Me" (84)



Radhika:        "Your body is as tender as a blue lotusflower and Your waist is slender. How could You lift Govardhana Hill for seven days?" (85)



Krishna said: "It was easy But how do You lift these two golden mountains (breasts) on Your tender body all the time (that's even more astonishing!)?" (86)



Radhika: "The moonrays are unable to tolerate their separation from You and thus they are divided on Your chest (as My nailmarks)." (87)



Krishna:         "Your face is like the moon and I always think of Your nails, so now they are externally manifest (as Your nailmarks on My chest)." (88)



Radhika: "Although this vine is always full of bees and honey, they increase Your happiness." (89)



Krishna: "Your lips are like flowerbuds, carrying Your flower-like smiles!" (90)



Radhika: "0 Krishna! This young maiden Lalita is expert in Cupid's battle like Parvati, the mother of the heroic child Skanda!" (91)



Krishna said: "0 Radhe with the nice voice! This Lalita is a heroine in the battle of words, but when she is called out for the conjugal battle she runs away!" (92)



Krishna: "The musk-pictures on Your breasts look just like blackbees on golden lotusbuds." (93)



Radhika said: "0 Krishna! Your wonderful words are like sharp swords that chop up the hearts and senses of all the young girls!" (94)



Krishna: "These Pika-birds sing high in the fifth note, causing the young girls to catch an conjugal fever. But is it their fault (Is it My fault that the gopis are agitated by My words)?" (95)



Radhika: "0 Krishna! Thus incomparible flute of Yours is the best scholar of the irreligious scriptures, making all the girls of the world mad like hens!" (96)



Krishna said: "Radhe! My flute destroys all the faults of the housewives, making them follow the religious scriptures (that say that one must surrender unto Me), that fulIfill all My desires!" (97)



Radhika said: "The maiden that were devoted to Katyayani were very tender. How could they tolerate the attacks of a mad elephant like You?" (98)



Krishna: "They can tolerate it just as the Yuthi-flowers can tolerate the approach of a large honeybee (or: I'm a lusty boy (mattali) after the nectar of young, easy girls (ganika). Why would'nt they like that?)" (99)



Radhika: "This fresh golden plain with small snakes coiling on it looks just like Your belly with its fine hairs!" (l00)



Krishna: There are also many snakes in the golden valley of Your beloved Govardhana Hill that shine just like ~our braid hanging down Your back!" (101)



Radhika said: "Krishna! Why are the beautiful Cakora-birds leaving their beloved moon and wander in the sky in he daytime, finding great pleasure there?" (102)



(rsna: "Seeing that the moon in the sky is waning, the Cakora's leave him and begin to drink the rays of Your )eautifully shining moonlike face for their nourishment and happiness." (103)



Fhen Radha and Acyuta began a joking discussion about the nature of Their girlfriends to embarrass them with Their hidden praises. Krishna said: "Radhe! Who is expert in speaking, who is very hottempered and sharp, who runs away when being called for the conjugal battle and who stops other girls from taking part in that battle, hough they may be eager for it, tell Me?" Radhika said: "That is Lalita!" (104-105)


"Who is averse to the battle of Cupid, but still sometimes anoints her breasts with aguru, kunkuma and musk to adore her beloved Lord, tell Me?" Radhika said: "It is Visak ha!" (106)



Krishna said: "Who walks around, although she is a motionless vine (lata), leaving her husband far behind to embrace the black Tamala-tree (Krishna), tell Me?" Radhika said: "It is Campakalata!" (107)



Krishna asked: "Who is expert in making pictures (citra) and different ornaments (srngara   ornament, or eros), who is very mild and who does not tolerate pride, giving Us happiness, tell  Me?" Radhika said: "It is Citra!"(108)



Krishna asked: "Who is expert in the kama sastras (conjugal scriptures) after I learned them from  her; and then offered her body to Me in solitude, tell Me?" Radhika said: "It is Tungavidya!" (109)

(Tungavidya means: advanced knowledge).



Krishna: "Who shows raga (passion or redness) when she rises (like the moon, indu), who is  very crooked in kala (artfulness, or moonphases) and who arouses lusty feelings at first sight  (like the moon)?" Radhika: "It is Indulekha (moonbeam)!" (110)



Krishna: "Who makes Us happy by dancing natana (male dance) and Jasya (female dance) and acting on the ranga (loveplay, or stage)?" Radhika said: "It is Rangadevi!" (111)



"Who is expert in playing dice and refuses to take Cumbaka-jewels (or kisses) from Me as a  wager when she defeats Me, and also does not want to give them when she is defeated, tell Me?"  Radhika said: "It is Sudevi!" (112) 


"Who are satisfied when others are satisfied and sorry when others are suffering? Who are not  elated when happiness comes and not upset when sorrow comes to them, and are always dedicated  to worshiping their beloved Lord, like the beautiful Vaishnava's, tell Me after consideration, 0  Moonfaced girl?" Radhika: "They are My girlfriends (Lalita, Visakha etc)!" (113)



In this way Krishna happily wandered around, joking with the artistic gopis, touching their  breasts, kissing their lips, giving them flowers, like a Pika-bird intoxicated from relishing the  buds (lips) and fruits (breasts) of the vines gopis finally arriving in Lalitanandada kunja. (114)



In the poem Govinda Lilamrta, which is the result of service to Shri Rupa Gosvami, who is a  honeybee at Shri Chaitanya's lotusfeet, the encouragement of Shri Raghunatha Dasa Gosvami, the  association of Shri Jiva Gosvami and the blessing of Shri Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami, this was  the thirteenth chapter; dealing with the midday pastimes.