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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami > Govinda Lilamrita 1 > Chapter-17

Chapter 17

 

1- On Shrimati Radharani's request, Vrnda-devi stroked the parrot who became very happy in her hand. She instructed the parrots to glorify Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities,and the two parrots spoke the following words to the great delight of the assembled gopis.

2- Even though highly elevated poets and philosophers cannot begin to plumb the limitless ocean of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, I, an insignificant person, am now trying to drink that entire ocean by licking it with my tongue. Although no one is able to break the ripe coconut fruit of the Lord's qualities, this greedy parrot repeatedly strikes it with his beak.

3- This shameless person aspires to completely describe Lord Hari's transcendental qualities. It is as if I wished to swim across the great ocean by the strength of my own arms, It is as if I wished to smash apart Mount Sumeru by striking it with my head. It is as if I wished to carry the sun in my hand.

4- Any tongue purified by tasting a single nectarean drop of Lord Hari's transcendental qualities can never again taste anything else. How can that tongue which tastes the first sweet mango fruits ever try to taste the sharply bitter nimba fruit?

5- When Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula, was an infant, Gargacarya described His supreme auspicious beauty, glory, profundity, and other features of the infinity of His divine qualities. Gargacarya explained to the king of Vraja that child Krishna possessed qualities equal to those of Lord Narayana Himself.

6- Lord Krishna, the conqueror of the demons, has an infinite number of transcendental virtues, such as the great love He bears for His devotees, and the fact that He is completely conquered by the love His devotees bear for Him. Because His virtues are infinite, although the devotees earnestly endeavor day and night to count them one by one, it is not possible for them to count them all.

7- Lord Krishna's beauty is the greatest of all ornaments, His age is always situated in the prime of youth, His strength is so great that it reduces great mountains to small toy balls, His character is spotless, His pastimes enchants the entire universe. His generosity is so great that He is prepared to give even Himself to His devotee, His mercy floods the entire world with nectar, and His fame purifies everything. In this world who is able to completely describe the transcendental qualities of Lord Krishna?

8- Youthfulness, the gopis, beauty, sweetness, amorous pastimes, expertise, purity, charming restlessness, and a host of transcendental virtues, have all attained supreme success because they were accepted by Lord krishna, the prince of the cowherds.

9- The fragrance of musk-scented blue lotus flowers emanates from all the limbs of Lord Krishna. The fragrance of aguru-scented parijata flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's eyebrows, and the hair of His armpits and middle. The fragrance of camphor-scented lotus flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's nose, navel, face, hands, feet, and eyes. All these sweet aromas have become waves in a great ocean of fragrance which is flooding the world in all directions.

10- Lord Hari's transcendental qualities enchant the minds of the gopis, who become filled with love for Him. This love charms Lord Hari's mind and senses, and brings Him very firmly under the gopis' control.

11- The gopis became attracted by the sounds of Lord Krishna's flute, and because of that attraction the great festival of the rasa dance occurred. because of this festival all the desires of the Supreme Lord became fulfilled. Because all the Lord's desires were fulfilled, the entire universe became full of joy.

12- playing on the king of Vraja's chest, Lord Krishna appears like a garland of blue lotus petals resting there. How is it possible that this small child has unlimited qualities which even Lord Anantadeva cannot describe with His thousands of voices?

13- Lord Krishna showed Mother Yasoda the entire universe within His body, and He easily lifted Govardhana Hill as if it were a lotus flower in His hand. Although powerful Krishna could act so wonderfully, He still experiences unlimited happiness simply by seeing Shrimati Radharani's louts face. This is certainly very astonishing.

14- Lord Krishna gazed at the form of Shrimati Radharani reflected in the ocean of beauty in His heart, but when one of Radha's rivals stood in Her place, He became immediately horrified and He trembled with anger.

15- Captivated by unparalleled Shrimati Radharani, Lord Hari's mind does not chase after any other gopi. Will a bumble-bee, eager to constantly drink the honey of a great colony of louts flowers ever leave them to go to the flowers of a small vine?

16- By nature the sun is hot, the moon is cool, the earth tolerates anything, the wind is fickle and unsteady, the devotees are saintly and peaceful, the ocean is deep, and Lord Krishna is controlled by love.

17- Although Lord Krishna is very steady-minded, patient, shy, and humble, although He is the greatest exemplar of impeccable good character, although His transcendental form is by nature full of all transcendental bliss, and although all of these good qualities are eternally present within Him and they never decay or lesson, nevertheless, when He sees the face of Shrimati Radharani, He becomes quite beside Himself with love for Her. He trembles with love for Her, and aimlessly wanders about like a madman.

18- If even the chaste minds of Laksmi and the other goddesses of fortune become captivated by a distance glimpse of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, then how can anyone describe the condition of the young girls of Vraja, whose minds are always melting with love for Krishna?

19- The beautiful girls of Vraja worship Lord Krishna offering their perspiration as padya water, their hairs standing up in ecstasy as arghya water, the nectar of their respectful speeches as acamaniya water, the fragrance of their bodies as incense, and their gentle smiles as flowers. The nectar of their embraces and other amorous recreations is the offering of foodstuff they place before the Lord, and the nectar of their kisses is their offering of betel-nuts.

20- Those whose minds are filled with the thirst for material happiness think of Lord Krishna as the best of philanthropists. Those distressed by the troubles of material existence think of Lord Krishna as the most merciful person. The young gopis think of Lord Krishna as cupid personified, and the Lord's enemies think of Him as the incarnation of death. The people of Vraja think of Lord Krishna as their own dear relative. In this way many different classes of people think of Lord Krishna in different ways.

21- I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krishna. An outcast who becomes a devotee of Lord Krishna at once becomes a fully qualified brahmana, and a brahmana averse to Lord Krishna immediately become a degraded outcast. Love for Lord Krishna turns the bitter poison of humbleness into the sweetness nectar. Lord Krishna's fame attracts everyone to him, and makes everyone else seem insignificant in comparison to Him. Separation from Lord krishna transforms the cooling moon into a blazing fire, and the raging fire into nectarean moonlight.

22- If someone says that Lord krishna was cruel to kill Putana and so many of His other enemies, then I say if this is so then why do the greatest poets and philosophers continually glorify Him for His smiling compassion and host of other good qualities?

23- This is not Lord Krishna's form, it is only the Yamuna river. This is not Lord Hari's face, it is actually a lotus flower. These are not Lord Hari's eyes, they are actually a pair of lotus flowers. this is not Lord Hari's curling hair, it is only a swarm of black bees. O gopi-friend, why then are your eyes greedily running after these thing?

24- The minds of the beautiful girls of Vraja were always overcome with various transformations of ecstatic love for Krishna. At first cupid entered their minds and expanded himself within them, and then flute melodies expertly played by the prince of Vraja, also entered their minds.

25- All glories to the sweet flute music played by Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula. That music arouses amorous desires in the hearts of the lotus-eyed gopis, steals away the treasury of their calmness, removes their fear of public opinion, cuts at the root of their pious chastity, and drags them away from their husbands' side. That music causes non-moving entities like trees and flowers to tremble with love of Krishna, and it also causes moving living entities to become stunned in ecstasy.

26- O people, if you say that in this world many men are splendidly decorated with the rare gems of numberless virtues, nectarean mellows of love, charming pastimes, and great riches, and therefore Lord Krishna is not very important among all these men, then I say to you that Lord Krishna, the prince of Vraja, is described by the most elevated sages as the greatest of all persons. He is full of all opulences, and no one can compare with Him.

27- Overwhelmed with love of Krishna, the gopis addressed Krishna's flute in the following words: O dear friend, O cruel flute, on the pretext of producing various musical sounds you are discharging what appears to be at one moment a flood of nectar, and at the next moment a flood of poison. This flood appears to be simultaneously giving us life and killing us. This flood produces within us a mysterious condition that we can neither understand nor bear.

28- The demons yearn after sense-pleasures, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all pleasures to His devotees. The demons greedily run after money, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all wealth to His devotees. The demons aspire to attain a happy situation in life, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who is like the personification of all happiness. The demons desire sovereignty over the world, yet they hate Lord krishna, the master of all the universes. From this we may see that the demons are not very intelligent, for they have become bitter enemies of the only person able to fulfill their desires.

29- Her mind flooded by the swiftly flowing mountain stream of Lord Krishna's transcendental pastimes a certain lotus-eyed girl traveled a little distance from her home. Seeing an old woman, and feeling a hand touch her shoulder, she became frightened until she realized that Krishna had come to her in disguise. She said to Him: Ah, now the rendezvous with  my lover is successful.

30- The hearts of the pious young gopis are all drowned in thinking of Lord Krishna, the hero who lifted Govardhana Hill. Lord Krishna is filled to the depths with all transcendental virtues, and His exemplary good character pleases everyone. He is free from all suffering, and He frees His devotees from all suffering also. His handsome youthfulness has enchanted and stolen away the eyes and hearts of everyone.

31- Lord Hari forcibly took away the demons' lives, Indra's sacrificial offering, and Kaliya's home. Although superficially displeasing to them, these acts become the source of great auspiciousness for all of them.

32- Lord Hari leaves Shrimati Radharani's cottage. His forehead is not only decorated with many designs drawn in the colorful mineral pigments from Govardhana Hill, but it is also marked with the red cosmetics from Shrimati Radharani's feet and lips. As dark as a rain-cloud, Lord Hari's chest is also smeared with the musk from Shrimati Radharani's breasts. For this reason some foolish persons, proud of their expert knowledge of material morality, decline to worship Lord Hari.

33- The treasury of Lord Krishna's sweetness and the treasury of Shrimati Radharani's love for Him, both increase day and night. Radha and Krishna's pastimes in the groves of Vrndavana, and the bliss of their gopi-friends, similarly increase day and night.

34- Lord Krishna's feet are as beautiful as two lotus flowers, His face is as radiant as the moon, His delightful eyebrows are like a swarm of bumble-bees, His charming lips are like nectar, His beautiful restless eyes are like two moving lotus flowers, His splendid teeth are like jasmine buds. His sweet words are like nectar, and the effulgence of His smile is like moonlight.

35- Lord Krishna's hands are like two blossoming flowers, His fingernails are like a line of full moons, His cheeks like two mirrors, and His bodily luster like a dark monsoon-cloud. When the gopis see His lotus face they become like bumble-bees thirsty to drink its nectar. He is like the pleasing moon to the saintly devotees, Those who surrender to Him or offer obeisances to Him, He treats just like His own sons. He is like an ocean of nectar flooding the groves of Vrndavana. He is like a thunderbolt to the demons, and like cupid to the beautiful gopis. No one is as charitable as He. No hero is equal to Him. No one's activities are in any way like His transcendental pastimes. No one is equal to Him in any way. We pray that this Lord krishna, whose lotus face is kissed by the deer-eyed gopis, may protect us.

36- The gopis, who were as beautiful as new creepers, whose breasts were like the fruits of those creepers, whose smiles were like those creepers' flowers, and whose lips were like those creepers new blossoms, were a source of great delight to Lord Krishna.

37- Just as the yogic perfections fulfill the wishes of the great yogis, just as the devotional service of Lord Vishnu fulfills the wishes of the vaishnavas, just as the transcendental cit potency fulfills all the wishes of Lord Narayana, in the same way the vamsi flute fulfills all the wishes of Lord Krishna.

38- Lord Krishnacandra's fame is as sweet as a flood of nectar, as cooling as moonshine, and as purifying as the Ganges river.

39- Lord Krishna's bodily beauty is so great that nothing can be compared to it. Lord Krishna's charming sweetness is so great that even His incomparable beauty cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's host of transcendental qualities are so great that even His charming sweetness cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's exemplary good character is so great that even his host of transcendental qualities cannot be compared to it.

40- Drowning in pure love for Lord Hari, the gopis are situated in the topmost transcendental splendor. More splendid than they, however, is Lord Hari's omniscient expertise, and more splendid than the Lord's expertise is His knowledge of transcendental mellows. Nothing exists which is more splendid than the Lord's knowledge of transcendental mellows.

41- Seeing the wonderful friendship Subala and the other cowherd boys bore for Lord Krishna, and also understanding the secret desire hidden in Lord Krishna's heart, the gopis carefully constructed a nice couch in the grove of Vrndavana forest, brought Lord krishna there, and delighted Him in many ways.

42- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely  opulent and fortunate, for every grove of Vrndavana-forest, in every place along the shore of the Yamuna river, and in every cave of Govardhana Hill, Lord Krishna eternally performs pastimes with the beautiful gopis.

43- The kunkuma powder which anointed the gopis' bodies became rubbed off on Lord krishna's lotus feet, and some of that kunkuma fell from the Lord's soles onto the grasses of Vrndavana. Some aborigine girls took that kunkuma and smeared it on their breasts. In this way they became free from the distressing lust they felt by hearing the sound of Lord Krishna's flute and seeing the beauty of His face.

44- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely fortunate and opulent, for it is the place where the gopis, who are as beautiful as creepers charming vines, whose breasts are like the fruits of those vines, whose smiles are like those vines' flowers, and whose lips are like those vines' new blossoms, brought great transcendental bliss to Lord krishna.

45- The caves of Govardhana Hill are very glorious, for in them even the most degraded persons glorify Lord Hari. In them the beautiful and passionate widows of the demons slain by the Lord celebrate great feasts and orgies with a band of aborigines, and after concluding these horrible activities nevertheless offer prayers praising the spotless transcendental qualities of lord Hari.

46- The asuras said to Kamsa: My dear king, when you are surrounded by us, who are so powerful that we have defeated even the leaders of the demigods, what do you have to fear from this krishna, who is simply a helpless child? When Kamsa heard these words his heart became filled with pride and confidence, but now that Kamsa has met Krishna, I do not know where that pride and confidence have fled?

47- Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities are limitless, His pastimes are limitless, and His glories are limitless. In order to purify myself I have touched a small fragment of the Lord's glories with my words. How can I hope to completely enumerate all the glories of the Lord?

48- By thus diving and surfacing in the transcendental ocean of the description of Lord Hari's qualities, the minds of the male and female parrots blossomed with happiness. They approached their master and mistress, Shri Shri Radha-Krishna, and glorified Their transcendental qualities, begging for the fulfillment of their own spiritual desires in the following words:

49- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. His great beauty criticizes the splendor of the dark cloud, the black anjana ointment and sapphires. Anointed with kunkuma powder, His garments appear like a great sky illuminated by the rising sun and shining bolts of lightning. His beautiful limbs are anointed with sandalwood paste as yellow as the moonlight.

50- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant me the service of His lotus feet, His shark-shaped earrings expertly dance upon His cheeks and the beauty of His face destroys the pride of a multitude of moons and lotus flowers. He is bound by the great and hidden love of the gopis.

51- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. In His eternal youthful form, He is engaged in loving pastimes ( with His devotees). The cowherd boys surround Him and He delights them with His clever joking words. With it's splendor, the forest of Vrndavana, where He performs pastimes, defeats the heavenly Nandana gardens of Lord Indra.

52- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He is delighted by His friends and relatives, who are as if decorated with golden ornaments of pure love for Him. The great demigods who protect different planets in the universe offer obeisances to Him, touching their foreheads to the ground. The brahmanas and spiritual masters continually worship Him.

53- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He easily removed the pride of Indra and the violent anger of Kaliya, and He killed the demons Kamsa and Vatsasura. With the rainfall of His variegated pastimes, He nourishes the cataka birds which are His devotees. With His heroic pastimes, He delights the inhabitants of Vrndavana.

54- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He pleases Shrimati Radharani and the gopis with the nectar of the pastime of the rasa-dance performed in the groves of Vrndavana. With many different playful jokes he delights the gopis. The glory of His loving pastimes engladdens the minds of all the people in the universe.

55- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. By revealing His pastimes of the rasa-dance He also reveals the eternal path of pure devotional service. His great beauty distinguishes Him as the cupid among a multitude of cupids. He emits the sweet fragrance which is a multitude of affectionate sidelong glances aimed at the gopis.

56- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He became delighted by touching Shrimati Radharani on the pretext of placing a garland of flowers upon Her. He became jubilant when He saw Radharani's face which appeared very charming, decorated with the crookedness of pure love. It is as if He were the sandalwood paste which decorates Shrimati Radharani's breasts.

57- Shri Krishna is very dear to Shrimati Radharani, and He become delighted by Her touch, although it is difficult for Laksmi-devi and the other goddesses of fortune to even attain a glimpse of Him. If, by reciting these eight verses, one prays to that Lord Krishna, then Lord will become pleased with that person and engage him in the service of His lotus feet.

58- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. Anointed with kunkuma powder, Her splendid golden complexion removes the pride of the golden lotus flower. Anointed with saffron, Her sweet fragrance chastises the fame of he aroma of the lotus flowers. She is fully qualifies to fulfill all the desire of Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men.

59- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her exquisite and amazing colorful garments chastise the splendor of rubies. She is a garden of blossoming flowers where the maddened bumble-bee krishna performs pastimes. She worships the sun-god to attain the eternal association of Krishna.

60- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her charming delicateness suppresses the fame of the blossoming flowers. Her cooling form is worthy of being served by the moon, sandalwood paste, lotus flowers and camphor, and when She touches Shri Krishna, the master of the gopis, She dispels the burning heat of His desires.

61- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Although the youthful gopis are worshiped by the entire universe, they worship the goddess of fortune named Radharani. She has no peer in the matter of beauty, youthfulness or other opulences, and in loving pastimes, no one is equal to Her.

62- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. She is a learned scholar in the transcendental arts headed by joking, singing in the rasa-dance. She is decorated with transcendental love of God,great beauty, wonderful garments and ornaments, and innumerable transcendental qualities. Even among the gopis, who are praised by the entire universe, She is the best.

63- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. She possesses the eternal opulences of youthful beauty, eternal pastimes, and eternal love of krishna. She causes the gopis, who are all in love with Krishna, to tremble, and She is always attached to meditating on the ornaments, garments, pastimes, and beautiful form of Shri Krishna.

64- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her louts feet. She is decorated with different ecstatic symptoms ( sattvika-bhava ), such as trembling, perspiring, standing up of hairs on the body, tears, and choking up of the voice. She is adorned with different ornaments which are ecstatic emotional transformations, such as impatience, joy and crookedness. She is decorated with beautiful jewels which delight the eyes of krishna.

65- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. If She is separated from Krishna for half a moment, She becomes struck with suffering, unsteadiness and a multitude of other ecstatic symptoms of separation. If, with great effort She regains the association of Krishna, all Her anxieties vanish.

66- Shrimati Radharani is very dear to Krishna, and She is delighted His association. She is accompanied by many jubilant gopi-friends, and is very difficult for Parvati and other exalted ladies to attain even a glimpse of Her. Shrimati Radharani will grant the nectar of Her personal service to that person who glorifies Her by reading these eight verses.

67- The description of Lord Krishna's qualities was like a river of nectar flowing from the mouth of the two parrots. By drinking that nectar the assembled gopis all became immersed in the shoreless ocean of transcendental bliss.

68- Thus ends the seventeenth chapter of Govinda-lilamrta in the matter of the Lord's midday pastimes. Shrila Raghunatha dasa Goswami has ordered me to write this book, which I have been able to do v=by the blessings of Shrila Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami and the saintly association of Shrila Jiva Goswami. I consider this book the ripened fruit of the service I have rendered to Shrila Rupa Goswami, who is like a bumble-bee relishing the honey at the lotus feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.Chapter 17

 

1- On Shrimati Radharani's request, Vrnda-devi stroked the parrot who became very happy in her hand. She instructed the parrots to glorify Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities,and the two parrots spoke the following words to the great delight of the assembled gopis.

2- Even though highly elevated poets and philosophers cannot begin to plumb the limitless ocean of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, I, an insignificant person, am now trying to drink that entire ocean by licking it with my tongue. Although no one is able to break the ripe coconut fruit of the Lord's qualities, this greedy parrot repeatedly strikes it with his beak.

3- This shameless person aspires to completely describe Lord Hari's transcendental qualities. It is as if I wished to swim across the great ocean by the strength of my own arms, It is as if I wished to smash apart Mount Sumeru by striking it with my head. It is as if I wished to carry the sun in my hand.

4- Any tongue purified by tasting a single nectarean drop of Lord Hari's transcendental qualities can never again taste anything else. How can that tongue which tastes the first sweet mango fruits ever try to taste the sharply bitter nimba fruit?

5- When Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula, was an infant, Gargacarya described His supreme auspicious beauty, glory, profundity, and other features of the infinity of His divine qualities. Gargacarya explained to the king of Vraja that child Krishna possessed qualities equal to those of Lord Narayana Himself.

6- Lord Krishna, the conqueror of the demons, has an infinite number of transcendental virtues, such as the great love He bears for His devotees, and the fact that He is completely conquered by the love His devotees bear for Him. Because His virtues are infinite, although the devotees earnestly endeavor day and night to count them one by one, it is not possible for them to count them all.

7- Lord Krishna's beauty is the greatest of all ornaments, His age is always situated in the prime of youth, His strength is so great that it reduces great mountains to small toy balls, His character is spotless, His pastimes enchants the entire universe. His generosity is so great that He is prepared to give even Himself to His devotee, His mercy floods the entire world with nectar, and His fame purifies everything. In this world who is able to completely describe the transcendental qualities of Lord Krishna?

8- Youthfulness, the gopis, beauty, sweetness, amorous pastimes, expertise, purity, charming restlessness, and a host of transcendental virtues, have all attained supreme success because they were accepted by Lord krishna, the prince of the cowherds.

9- The fragrance of musk-scented blue lotus flowers emanates from all the limbs of Lord Krishna. The fragrance of aguru-scented parijata flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's eyebrows, and the hair of His armpits and middle. The fragrance of camphor-scented lotus flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's nose, navel, face, hands, feet, and eyes. All these sweet aromas have become waves in a great ocean of fragrance which is flooding the world in all directions.

10- Lord Hari's transcendental qualities enchant the minds of the gopis, who become filled with love for Him. This love charms Lord Hari's mind and senses, and brings Him very firmly under the gopis' control.

11- The gopis became attracted by the sounds of Lord Krishna's flute, and because of that attraction the great festival of the rasa dance occurred. because of this festival all the desires of the Supreme Lord became fulfilled. Because all the Lord's desires were fulfilled, the entire universe became full of joy.

12- playing on the king of Vraja's chest, Lord Krishna appears like a garland of blue lotus petals resting there. How is it possible that this small child has unlimited qualities which even Lord Anantadeva cannot describe with His thousands of voices?

13- Lord Krishna showed Mother Yasoda the entire universe within His body, and He easily lifted Govardhana Hill as if it were a lotus flower in His hand. Although powerful Krishna could act so wonderfully, He still experiences unlimited happiness simply by seeing Shrimati Radharani's louts face. This is certainly very astonishing.

14- Lord Krishna gazed at the form of Shrimati Radharani reflected in the ocean of beauty in His heart, but when one of Radha's rivals stood in Her place, He became immediately horrified and He trembled with anger.

15- Captivated by unparalleled Shrimati Radharani, Lord Hari's mind does not chase after any other gopi. Will a bumble-bee, eager to constantly drink the honey of a great colony of louts flowers ever leave them to go to the flowers of a small vine?

16- By nature the sun is hot, the moon is cool, the earth tolerates anything, the wind is fickle and unsteady, the devotees are saintly and peaceful, the ocean is deep, and Lord Krishna is controlled by love.

17- Although Lord Krishna is very steady-minded, patient, shy, and humble, although He is the greatest exemplar of impeccable good character, although His transcendental form is by nature full of all transcendental bliss, and although all of these good qualities are eternally present within Him and they never decay or lesson, nevertheless, when He sees the face of Shrimati Radharani, He becomes quite beside Himself with love for Her. He trembles with love for Her, and aimlessly wanders about like a madman.

18- If even the chaste minds of Laksmi and the other goddesses of fortune become captivated by a distance glimpse of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, then how can anyone describe the condition of the young girls of Vraja, whose minds are always melting with love for Krishna?

19- The beautiful girls of Vraja worship Lord Krishna offering their perspiration as padya water, their hairs standing up in ecstasy as arghya water, the nectar of their respectful speeches as acamaniya water, the fragrance of their bodies as incense, and their gentle smiles as flowers. The nectar of their embraces and other amorous recreations is the offering of foodstuff they place before the Lord, and the nectar of their kisses is their offering of betel-nuts.

20- Those whose minds are filled with the thirst for material happiness think of Lord Krishna as the best of philanthropists. Those distressed by the troubles of material existence think of Lord Krishna as the most merciful person. The young gopis think of Lord Krishna as cupid personified, and the Lord's enemies think of Him as the incarnation of death. The people of Vraja think of Lord Krishna as their own dear relative. In this way many different classes of people think of Lord Krishna in different ways.

21- I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krishna. An outcast who becomes a devotee of Lord Krishna at once becomes a fully qualified brahmana, and a brahmana averse to Lord Krishna immediately become a degraded outcast. Love for Lord Krishna turns the bitter poison of humbleness into the sweetness nectar. Lord Krishna's fame attracts everyone to him, and makes everyone else seem insignificant in comparison to Him. Separation from Lord krishna transforms the cooling moon into a blazing fire, and the raging fire into nectarean moonlight.

22- If someone says that Lord krishna was cruel to kill Putana and so many of His other enemies, then I say if this is so then why do the greatest poets and philosophers continually glorify Him for His smiling compassion and host of other good qualities?

23- This is not Lord Krishna's form, it is only the Yamuna river. This is not Lord Hari's face, it is actually a lotus flower. These are not Lord Hari's eyes, they are actually a pair of lotus flowers. this is not Lord Hari's curling hair, it is only a swarm of black bees. O gopi-friend, why then are your eyes greedily running after these thing?

24- The minds of the beautiful girls of Vraja were always overcome with various transformations of ecstatic love for Krishna. At first cupid entered their minds and expanded himself within them, and then flute melodies expertly played by the prince of Vraja, also entered their minds.

25- All glories to the sweet flute music played by Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula. That music arouses amorous desires in the hearts of the lotus-eyed gopis, steals away the treasury of their calmness, removes their fear of public opinion, cuts at the root of their pious chastity, and drags them away from their husbands' side. That music causes non-moving entities like trees and flowers to tremble with love of Krishna, and it also causes moving living entities to become stunned in ecstasy.

26- O people, if you say that in this world many men are splendidly decorated with the rare gems of numberless virtues, nectarean mellows of love, charming pastimes, and great riches, and therefore Lord Krishna is not very important among all these men, then I say to you that Lord Krishna, the prince of Vraja, is described by the most elevated sages as the greatest of all persons. He is full of all opulences, and no one can compare with Him.

27- Overwhelmed with love of Krishna, the gopis addressed Krishna's flute in the following words: O dear friend, O cruel flute, on the pretext of producing various musical sounds you are discharging what appears to be at one moment a flood of nectar, and at the next moment a flood of poison. This flood appears to be simultaneously giving us life and killing us. This flood produces within us a mysterious condition that we can neither understand nor bear.

28- The demons yearn after sense-pleasures, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all pleasures to His devotees. The demons greedily run after money, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all wealth to His devotees. The demons aspire to attain a happy situation in life, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who is like the personification of all happiness. The demons desire sovereignty over the world, yet they hate Lord krishna, the master of all the universes. From this we may see that the demons are not very intelligent, for they have become bitter enemies of the only person able to fulfill their desires.

29- Her mind flooded by the swiftly flowing mountain stream of Lord Krishna's transcendental pastimes a certain lotus-eyed girl traveled a little distance from her home. Seeing an old woman, and feeling a hand touch her shoulder, she became frightened until she realized that Krishna had come to her in disguise. She said to Him: Ah, now the rendezvous with  my lover is successful.

30- The hearts of the pious young gopis are all drowned in thinking of Lord Krishna, the hero who lifted Govardhana Hill. Lord Krishna is filled to the depths with all transcendental virtues, and His exemplary good character pleases everyone. He is free from all suffering, and He frees His devotees from all suffering also. His handsome youthfulness has enchanted and stolen away the eyes and hearts of everyone.

31- Lord Hari forcibly took away the demons' lives, Indra's sacrificial offering, and Kaliya's home. Although superficially displeasing to them, these acts become the source of great auspiciousness for all of them.

32- Lord Hari leaves Shrimati Radharani's cottage. His forehead is not only decorated with many designs drawn in the colorful mineral pigments from Govardhana Hill, but it is also marked with the red cosmetics from Shrimati Radharani's feet and lips. As dark as a rain-cloud, Lord Hari's chest is also smeared with the musk from Shrimati Radharani's breasts. For this reason some foolish persons, proud of their expert knowledge of material morality, decline to worship Lord Hari.

33- The treasury of Lord Krishna's sweetness and the treasury of Shrimati Radharani's love for Him, both increase day and night. Radha and Krishna's pastimes in the groves of Vrndavana, and the bliss of their gopi-friends, similarly increase day and night.

34- Lord Krishna's feet are as beautiful as two lotus flowers, His face is as radiant as the moon, His delightful eyebrows are like a swarm of bumble-bees, His charming lips are like nectar, His beautiful restless eyes are like two moving lotus flowers, His splendid teeth are like jasmine buds. His sweet words are like nectar, and the effulgence of His smile is like moonlight.

35- Lord Krishna's hands are like two blossoming flowers, His fingernails are like a line of full moons, His cheeks like two mirrors, and His bodily luster like a dark monsoon-cloud. When the gopis see His lotus face they become like bumble-bees thirsty to drink its nectar. He is like the pleasing moon to the saintly devotees, Those who surrender to Him or offer obeisances to Him, He treats just like His own sons. He is like an ocean of nectar flooding the groves of Vrndavana. He is like a thunderbolt to the demons, and like cupid to the beautiful gopis. No one is as charitable as He. No hero is equal to Him. No one's activities are in any way like His transcendental pastimes. No one is equal to Him in any way. We pray that this Lord krishna, whose lotus face is kissed by the deer-eyed gopis, may protect us.

36- The gopis, who were as beautiful as new creepers, whose breasts were like the fruits of those creepers, whose smiles were like those creepers' flowers, and whose lips were like those creepers new blossoms, were a source of great delight to Lord Krishna.

37- Just as the yogic perfections fulfill the wishes of the great yogis, just as the devotional service of Lord Vishnu fulfills the wishes of the vaishnavas, just as the transcendental cit potency fulfills all the wishes of Lord Narayana, in the same way the vamsi flute fulfills all the wishes of Lord Krishna.

38- Lord Krishnacandra's fame is as sweet as a flood of nectar, as cooling as moonshine, and as purifying as the Ganges river.

39- Lord Krishna's bodily beauty is so great that nothing can be compared to it. Lord Krishna's charming sweetness is so great that even His incomparable beauty cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's host of transcendental qualities are so great that even His charming sweetness cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's exemplary good character is so great that even his host of transcendental qualities cannot be compared to it.

40- Drowning in pure love for Lord Hari, the gopis are situated in the topmost transcendental splendor. More splendid than they, however, is Lord Hari's omniscient expertise, and more splendid than the Lord's expertise is His knowledge of transcendental mellows. Nothing exists which is more splendid than the Lord's knowledge of transcendental mellows.

41- Seeing the wonderful friendship Subala and the other cowherd boys bore for Lord Krishna, and also understanding the secret desire hidden in Lord Krishna's heart, the gopis carefully constructed a nice couch in the grove of Vrndavana forest, brought Lord krishna there, and delighted Him in many ways.

42- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely  opulent and fortunate, for every grove of Vrndavana-forest, in every place along the shore of the Yamuna river, and in every cave of Govardhana Hill, Lord Krishna eternally performs pastimes with the beautiful gopis.

43- The kunkuma powder which anointed the gopis' bodies became rubbed off on Lord krishna's lotus feet, and some of that kunkuma fell from the Lord's soles onto the grasses of Vrndavana. Some aborigine girls took that kunkuma and smeared it on their breasts. In this way they became free from the distressing lust they felt by hearing the sound of Lord Krishna's flute and seeing the beauty of His face.

44- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely fortunate and opulent, for it is the place where the gopis, who are as beautiful as creepers charming vines, whose breasts are like the fruits of those vines, whose smiles are like those vines' flowers, and whose lips are like those vines' new blossoms, brought great transcendental bliss to Lord krishna.

45- The caves of Govardhana Hill are very glorious, for in them even the most degraded persons glorify Lord Hari. In them the beautiful and passionate widows of the demons slain by the Lord celebrate great feasts and orgies with a band of aborigines, and after concluding these horrible activities nevertheless offer prayers praising the spotless transcendental qualities of lord Hari.

46- The asuras said to Kamsa: My dear king, when you are surrounded by us, who are so powerful that we have defeated even the leaders of the demigods, what do you have to fear from this krishna, who is simply a helpless child? When Kamsa heard these words his heart became filled with pride and confidence, but now that Kamsa has met Krishna, I do not know where that pride and confidence have fled?

47- Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities are limitless, His pastimes are limitless, and His glories are limitless. In order to purify myself I have touched a small fragment of the Lord's glories with my words. How can I hope to completely enumerate all the glories of the Lord?

48- By thus diving and surfacing in the transcendental ocean of the description of Lord Hari's qualities, the minds of the male and female parrots blossomed with happiness. They approached their master and mistress, Shri Shri Radha-Krishna, and glorified Their transcendental qualities, begging for the fulfillment of their own spiritual desires in the following words:

49- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. His great beauty criticizes the splendor of the dark cloud, the black anjana ointment and sapphires. Anointed with kunkuma powder, His garments appear like a great sky illuminated by the rising sun and shining bolts of lightning. His beautiful limbs are anointed with sandalwood paste as yellow as the moonlight.

50- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant me the service of His lotus feet, His shark-shaped earrings expertly dance upon His cheeks and the beauty of His face destroys the pride of a multitude of moons and lotus flowers. He is bound by the great and hidden love of the gopis.

51- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. In His eternal youthful form, He is engaged in loving pastimes ( with His devotees). The cowherd boys surround Him and He delights them with His clever joking words. With it's splendor, the forest of Vrndavana, where He performs pastimes, defeats the heavenly Nandana gardens of Lord Indra.

52- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He is delighted by His friends and relatives, who are as if decorated with golden ornaments of pure love for Him. The great demigods who protect different planets in the universe offer obeisances to Him, touching their foreheads to the ground. The brahmanas and spiritual masters continually worship Him.

53- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He easily removed the pride of Indra and the violent anger of Kaliya, and He killed the demons Kamsa and Vatsasura. With the rainfall of His variegated pastimes, He nourishes the cataka birds which are His devotees. With His heroic pastimes, He delights the inhabitants of Vrndavana.

54- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He pleases Shrimati Radharani and the gopis with the nectar of the pastime of the rasa-dance performed in the groves of Vrndavana. With many different playful jokes he delights the gopis. The glory of His loving pastimes engladdens the minds of all the people in the universe.

55- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. By revealing His pastimes of the rasa-dance He also reveals the eternal path of pure devotional service. His great beauty distinguishes Him as the cupid among a multitude of cupids. He emits the sweet fragrance which is a multitude of affectionate sidelong glances aimed at the gopis.

56- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He became delighted by touching Shrimati Radharani on the pretext of placing a garland of flowers upon Her. He became jubilant when He saw Radharani's face which appeared very charming, decorated with the crookedness of pure love. It is as if He were the sandalwood paste which decorates Shrimati Radharani's breasts.

57- Shri Krishna is very dear to Shrimati Radharani, and He become delighted by Her touch, although it is difficult for Laksmi-devi and the other goddesses of fortune to even attain a glimpse of Him. If, by reciting these eight verses, one prays to that Lord Krishna, then Lord will become pleased with that person and engage him in the service of His lotus feet.

58- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. Anointed with kunkuma powder, Her splendid golden complexion removes the pride of the golden lotus flower. Anointed with saffron, Her sweet fragrance chastises the fame of he aroma of the lotus flowers. She is fully qualifies to fulfill all the desire of Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men.

59- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her exquisite and amazing colorful garments chastise the splendor of rubies. She is a garden of blossoming flowers where the maddened bumble-bee krishna performs pastimes. She worships the sun-god to attain the eternal association of Krishna.

60- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her charming delicateness suppresses the fame of the blossoming flowers. Her cooling form is worthy of being served by the moon, sandalwood paste, lotus flowers and camphor, and when She touches Shri Krishna, the master of the gopis, She dispels the burning heat of His desires.

61- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Although the youthful gopis are worshiped by the entire universe, they worship the goddess of fortune named Radharani. She has no peer in the matter of beauty, youthfulness or other opulences, and in loving pastimes, no one is equal to Her.

62- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. She is a learned scholar in the transcendental arts headed by joking, singing in the rasa-dance. She is decorated with transcendental love of God,great beauty, wonderful garments and ornaments, and innumerable transcendental qualities. Even among the gopis, who are praised by the entire universe, She is the best.

63- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. She possesses the eternal opulences of youthful beauty, eternal pastimes, and eternal love of krishna. She causes the gopis, who are all in love with Krishna, to tremble, and She is always attached to meditating on the ornaments, garments, pastimes, and beautiful form of Shri Krishna.

64- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her louts feet. She is decorated with different ecstatic symptoms ( sattvika-bhava ), such as trembling, perspiring, standing up of hairs on the body, tears, and choking up of the voice. She is adorned with different ornaments which are ecstatic emotional transformations, such as impatience, joy and crookedness. She is decorated with beautiful jewels which delight the eyes of krishna.

65- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. If She is separated from Krishna for half a moment, She becomes struck with suffering, unsteadiness and a multitude of other ecstatic symptoms of separation. If, with great effort She regains the association of Krishna, all Her anxieties vanish.

66- Shrimati Radharani is very dear to Krishna, and She is delighted His association. She is accompanied by many jubilant gopi-friends, and is very difficult for Parvati and other exalted ladies to attain even a glimpse of Her. Shrimati Radharani will grant the nectar of Her personal service to that person who glorifies Her by reading these eight verses.

67- The description of Lord Krishna's qualities was like a river of nectar flowing from the mouth of the two parrots. By drinking that nectar the assembled gopis all became immersed in the shoreless ocean of transcendental bliss.

68- Thus ends the seventeenth chapter of Govinda-lilamrta in the matter of the Lord's midday pastimes. Shrila Raghunatha dasa Goswami has ordered me to write this book, which I have been able to do v=by the blessings of Shrila Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami and the saintly association of Shrila Jiva Goswami. I consider this book the ripened fruit of the service I have rendered to Shrila Rupa Goswami, who is like a bumble-bee relishing the honey at the lotus feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.Chapter 17

 

1- On Shrimati Radharani's request, Vrnda-devi stroked the parrot who became very happy in her hand. She instructed the parrots to glorify Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities,and the two parrots spoke the following words to the great delight of the assembled gopis.

2- Even though highly elevated poets and philosophers cannot begin to plumb the limitless ocean of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, I, an insignificant person, am now trying to drink that entire ocean by licking it with my tongue. Although no one is able to break the ripe coconut fruit of the Lord's qualities, this greedy parrot repeatedly strikes it with his beak.

3- This shameless person aspires to completely describe Lord Hari's transcendental qualities. It is as if I wished to swim across the great ocean by the strength of my own arms, It is as if I wished to smash apart Mount Sumeru by striking it with my head. It is as if I wished to carry the sun in my hand.

4- Any tongue purified by tasting a single nectarean drop of Lord Hari's transcendental qualities can never again taste anything else. How can that tongue which tastes the first sweet mango fruits ever try to taste the sharply bitter nimba fruit?

5- When Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula, was an infant, Gargacarya described His supreme auspicious beauty, glory, profundity, and other features of the infinity of His divine qualities. Gargacarya explained to the king of Vraja that child Krishna possessed qualities equal to those of Lord Narayana Himself.

6- Lord Krishna, the conqueror of the demons, has an infinite number of transcendental virtues, such as the great love He bears for His devotees, and the fact that He is completely conquered by the love His devotees bear for Him. Because His virtues are infinite, although the devotees earnestly endeavor day and night to count them one by one, it is not possible for them to count them all.

7- Lord Krishna's beauty is the greatest of all ornaments, His age is always situated in the prime of youth, His strength is so great that it reduces great mountains to small toy balls, His character is spotless, His pastimes enchants the entire universe. His generosity is so great that He is prepared to give even Himself to His devotee, His mercy floods the entire world with nectar, and His fame purifies everything. In this world who is able to completely describe the transcendental qualities of Lord Krishna?

8- Youthfulness, the gopis, beauty, sweetness, amorous pastimes, expertise, purity, charming restlessness, and a host of transcendental virtues, have all attained supreme success because they were accepted by Lord krishna, the prince of the cowherds.

9- The fragrance of musk-scented blue lotus flowers emanates from all the limbs of Lord Krishna. The fragrance of aguru-scented parijata flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's eyebrows, and the hair of His armpits and middle. The fragrance of camphor-scented lotus flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's nose, navel, face, hands, feet, and eyes. All these sweet aromas have become waves in a great ocean of fragrance which is flooding the world in all directions.

10- Lord Hari's transcendental qualities enchant the minds of the gopis, who become filled with love for Him. This love charms Lord Hari's mind and senses, and brings Him very firmly under the gopis' control.

11- The gopis became attracted by the sounds of Lord Krishna's flute, and because of that attraction the great festival of the rasa dance occurred. because of this festival all the desires of the Supreme Lord became fulfilled. Because all the Lord's desires were fulfilled, the entire universe became full of joy.

12- playing on the king of Vraja's chest, Lord Krishna appears like a garland of blue lotus petals resting there. How is it possible that this small child has unlimited qualities which even Lord Anantadeva cannot describe with His thousands of voices?

13- Lord Krishna showed Mother Yasoda the entire universe within His body, and He easily lifted Govardhana Hill as if it were a lotus flower in His hand. Although powerful Krishna could act so wonderfully, He still experiences unlimited happiness simply by seeing Shrimati Radharani's louts face. This is certainly very astonishing.

14- Lord Krishna gazed at the form of Shrimati Radharani reflected in the ocean of beauty in His heart, but when one of Radha's rivals stood in Her place, He became immediately horrified and He trembled with anger.

15- Captivated by unparalleled Shrimati Radharani, Lord Hari's mind does not chase after any other gopi. Will a bumble-bee, eager to constantly drink the honey of a great colony of louts flowers ever leave them to go to the flowers of a small vine?

16- By nature the sun is hot, the moon is cool, the earth tolerates anything, the wind is fickle and unsteady, the devotees are saintly and peaceful, the ocean is deep, and Lord Krishna is controlled by love.

17- Although Lord Krishna is very steady-minded, patient, shy, and humble, although He is the greatest exemplar of impeccable good character, although His transcendental form is by nature full of all transcendental bliss, and although all of these good qualities are eternally present within Him and they never decay or lesson, nevertheless, when He sees the face of Shrimati Radharani, He becomes quite beside Himself with love for Her. He trembles with love for Her, and aimlessly wanders about like a madman.

18- If even the chaste minds of Laksmi and the other goddesses of fortune become captivated by a distance glimpse of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, then how can anyone describe the condition of the young girls of Vraja, whose minds are always melting with love for Krishna?

19- The beautiful girls of Vraja worship Lord Krishna offering their perspiration as padya water, their hairs standing up in ecstasy as arghya water, the nectar of their respectful speeches as acamaniya water, the fragrance of their bodies as incense, and their gentle smiles as flowers. The nectar of their embraces and other amorous recreations is the offering of foodstuff they place before the Lord, and the nectar of their kisses is their offering of betel-nuts.

20- Those whose minds are filled with the thirst for material happiness think of Lord Krishna as the best of philanthropists. Those distressed by the troubles of material existence think of Lord Krishna as the most merciful person. The young gopis think of Lord Krishna as cupid personified, and the Lord's enemies think of Him as the incarnation of death. The people of Vraja think of Lord Krishna as their own dear relative. In this way many different classes of people think of Lord Krishna in different ways.

21- I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krishna. An outcast who becomes a devotee of Lord Krishna at once becomes a fully qualified brahmana, and a brahmana averse to Lord Krishna immediately become a degraded outcast. Love for Lord Krishna turns the bitter poison of humbleness into the sweetness nectar. Lord Krishna's fame attracts everyone to him, and makes everyone else seem insignificant in comparison to Him. Separation from Lord krishna transforms the cooling moon into a blazing fire, and the raging fire into nectarean moonlight.

22- If someone says that Lord krishna was cruel to kill Putana and so many of His other enemies, then I say if this is so then why do the greatest poets and philosophers continually glorify Him for His smiling compassion and host of other good qualities?

23- This is not Lord Krishna's form, it is only the Yamuna river. This is not Lord Hari's face, it is actually a lotus flower. These are not Lord Hari's eyes, they are actually a pair of lotus flowers. this is not Lord Hari's curling hair, it is only a swarm of black bees. O gopi-friend, why then are your eyes greedily running after these thing?

24- The minds of the beautiful girls of Vraja were always overcome with various transformations of ecstatic love for Krishna. At first cupid entered their minds and expanded himself within them, and then flute melodies expertly played by the prince of Vraja, also entered their minds.

25- All glories to the sweet flute music played by Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula. That music arouses amorous desires in the hearts of the lotus-eyed gopis, steals away the treasury of their calmness, removes their fear of public opinion, cuts at the root of their pious chastity, and drags them away from their husbands' side. That music causes non-moving entities like trees and flowers to tremble with love of Krishna, and it also causes moving living entities to become stunned in ecstasy.

26- O people, if you say that in this world many men are splendidly decorated with the rare gems of numberless virtues, nectarean mellows of love, charming pastimes, and great riches, and therefore Lord Krishna is not very important among all these men, then I say to you that Lord Krishna, the prince of Vraja, is described by the most elevated sages as the greatest of all persons. He is full of all opulences, and no one can compare with Him.

27- Overwhelmed with love of Krishna, the gopis addressed Krishna's flute in the following words: O dear friend, O cruel flute, on the pretext of producing various musical sounds you are discharging what appears to be at one moment a flood of nectar, and at the next moment a flood of poison. This flood appears to be simultaneously giving us life and killing us. This flood produces within us a mysterious condition that we can neither understand nor bear.

28- The demons yearn after sense-pleasures, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all pleasures to His devotees. The demons greedily run after money, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all wealth to His devotees. The demons aspire to attain a happy situation in life, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who is like the personification of all happiness. The demons desire sovereignty over the world, yet they hate Lord krishna, the master of all the universes. From this we may see that the demons are not very intelligent, for they have become bitter enemies of the only person able to fulfill their desires.

29- Her mind flooded by the swiftly flowing mountain stream of Lord Krishna's transcendental pastimes a certain lotus-eyed girl traveled a little distance from her home. Seeing an old woman, and feeling a hand touch her shoulder, she became frightened until she realized that Krishna had come to her in disguise. She said to Him: Ah, now the rendezvous with  my lover is successful.

30- The hearts of the pious young gopis are all drowned in thinking of Lord Krishna, the hero who lifted Govardhana Hill. Lord Krishna is filled to the depths with all transcendental virtues, and His exemplary good character pleases everyone. He is free from all suffering, and He frees His devotees from all suffering also. His handsome youthfulness has enchanted and stolen away the eyes and hearts of everyone.

31- Lord Hari forcibly took away the demons' lives, Indra's sacrificial offering, and Kaliya's home. Although superficially displeasing to them, these acts become the source of great auspiciousness for all of them.

32- Lord Hari leaves Shrimati Radharani's cottage. His forehead is not only decorated with many designs drawn in the colorful mineral pigments from Govardhana Hill, but it is also marked with the red cosmetics from Shrimati Radharani's feet and lips. As dark as a rain-cloud, Lord Hari's chest is also smeared with the musk from Shrimati Radharani's breasts. For this reason some foolish persons, proud of their expert knowledge of material morality, decline to worship Lord Hari.

33- The treasury of Lord Krishna's sweetness and the treasury of Shrimati Radharani's love for Him, both increase day and night. Radha and Krishna's pastimes in the groves of Vrndavana, and the bliss of their gopi-friends, similarly increase day and night.

34- Lord Krishna's feet are as beautiful as two lotus flowers, His face is as radiant as the moon, His delightful eyebrows are like a swarm of bumble-bees, His charming lips are like nectar, His beautiful restless eyes are like two moving lotus flowers, His splendid teeth are like jasmine buds. His sweet words are like nectar, and the effulgence of His smile is like moonlight.

35- Lord Krishna's hands are like two blossoming flowers, His fingernails are like a line of full moons, His cheeks like two mirrors, and His bodily luster like a dark monsoon-cloud. When the gopis see His lotus face they become like bumble-bees thirsty to drink its nectar. He is like the pleasing moon to the saintly devotees, Those who surrender to Him or offer obeisances to Him, He treats just like His own sons. He is like an ocean of nectar flooding the groves of Vrndavana. He is like a thunderbolt to the demons, and like cupid to the beautiful gopis. No one is as charitable as He. No hero is equal to Him. No one's activities are in any way like His transcendental pastimes. No one is equal to Him in any way. We pray that this Lord krishna, whose lotus face is kissed by the deer-eyed gopis, may protect us.

36- The gopis, who were as beautiful as new creepers, whose breasts were like the fruits of those creepers, whose smiles were like those creepers' flowers, and whose lips were like those creepers new blossoms, were a source of great delight to Lord Krishna.

37- Just as the yogic perfections fulfill the wishes of the great yogis, just as the devotional service of Lord Vishnu fulfills the wishes of the vaishnavas, just as the transcendental cit potency fulfills all the wishes of Lord Narayana, in the same way the vamsi flute fulfills all the wishes of Lord Krishna.

38- Lord Krishnacandra's fame is as sweet as a flood of nectar, as cooling as moonshine, and as purifying as the Ganges river.

39- Lord Krishna's bodily beauty is so great that nothing can be compared to it. Lord Krishna's charming sweetness is so great that even His incomparable beauty cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's host of transcendental qualities are so great that even His charming sweetness cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's exemplary good character is so great that even his host of transcendental qualities cannot be compared to it.

40- Drowning in pure love for Lord Hari, the gopis are situated in the topmost transcendental splendor. More splendid than they, however, is Lord Hari's omniscient expertise, and more splendid than the Lord's expertise is His knowledge of transcendental mellows. Nothing exists which is more splendid than the Lord's knowledge of transcendental mellows.

41- Seeing the wonderful friendship Subala and the other cowherd boys bore for Lord Krishna, and also understanding the secret desire hidden in Lord Krishna's heart, the gopis carefully constructed a nice couch in the grove of Vrndavana forest, brought Lord krishna there, and delighted Him in many ways.

42- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely  opulent and fortunate, for every grove of Vrndavana-forest, in every place along the shore of the Yamuna river, and in every cave of Govardhana Hill, Lord Krishna eternally performs pastimes with the beautiful gopis.

43- The kunkuma powder which anointed the gopis' bodies became rubbed off on Lord krishna's lotus feet, and some of that kunkuma fell from the Lord's soles onto the grasses of Vrndavana. Some aborigine girls took that kunkuma and smeared it on their breasts. In this way they became free from the distressing lust they felt by hearing the sound of Lord Krishna's flute and seeing the beauty of His face.

44- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely fortunate and opulent, for it is the place where the gopis, who are as beautiful as creepers charming vines, whose breasts are like the fruits of those vines, whose smiles are like those vines' flowers, and whose lips are like those vines' new blossoms, brought great transcendental bliss to Lord krishna.

45- The caves of Govardhana Hill are very glorious, for in them even the most degraded persons glorify Lord Hari. In them the beautiful and passionate widows of the demons slain by the Lord celebrate great feasts and orgies with a band of aborigines, and after concluding these horrible activities nevertheless offer prayers praising the spotless transcendental qualities of lord Hari.

46- The asuras said to Kamsa: My dear king, when you are surrounded by us, who are so powerful that we have defeated even the leaders of the demigods, what do you have to fear from this krishna, who is simply a helpless child? When Kamsa heard these words his heart became filled with pride and confidence, but now that Kamsa has met Krishna, I do not know where that pride and confidence have fled?

47- Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities are limitless, His pastimes are limitless, and His glories are limitless. In order to purify myself I have touched a small fragment of the Lord's glories with my words. How can I hope to completely enumerate all the glories of the Lord?

48- By thus diving and surfacing in the transcendental ocean of the description of Lord Hari's qualities, the minds of the male and female parrots blossomed with happiness. They approached their master and mistress, Shri Shri Radha-Krishna, and glorified Their transcendental qualities, begging for the fulfillment of their own spiritual desires in the following words:

49- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. His great beauty criticizes the splendor of the dark cloud, the black anjana ointment and sapphires. Anointed with kunkuma powder, His garments appear like a great sky illuminated by the rising sun and shining bolts of lightning. His beautiful limbs are anointed with sandalwood paste as yellow as the moonlight.

50- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant me the service of His lotus feet, His shark-shaped earrings expertly dance upon His cheeks and the beauty of His face destroys the pride of a multitude of moons and lotus flowers. He is bound by the great and hidden love of the gopis.

51- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. In His eternal youthful form, He is engaged in loving pastimes ( with His devotees). The cowherd boys surround Him and He delights them with His clever joking words. With it's splendor, the forest of Vrndavana, where He performs pastimes, defeats the heavenly Nandana gardens of Lord Indra.

52- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He is delighted by His friends and relatives, who are as if decorated with golden ornaments of pure love for Him. The great demigods who protect different planets in the universe offer obeisances to Him, touching their foreheads to the ground. The brahmanas and spiritual masters continually worship Him.

53- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He easily removed the pride of Indra and the violent anger of Kaliya, and He killed the demons Kamsa and Vatsasura. With the rainfall of His variegated pastimes, He nourishes the cataka birds which are His devotees. With His heroic pastimes, He delights the inhabitants of Vrndavana.

54- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He pleases Shrimati Radharani and the gopis with the nectar of the pastime of the rasa-dance performed in the groves of Vrndavana. With many different playful jokes he delights the gopis. The glory of His loving pastimes engladdens the minds of all the people in the universe.

55- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. By revealing His pastimes of the rasa-dance He also reveals the eternal path of pure devotional service. His great beauty distinguishes Him as the cupid among a multitude of cupids. He emits the sweet fragrance which is a multitude of affectionate sidelong glances aimed at the gopis.

56- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He became delighted by touching Shrimati Radharani on the pretext of placing a garland of flowers upon Her. He became jubilant when He saw Radharani's face which appeared very charming, decorated with the crookedness of pure love. It is as if He were the sandalwood paste which decorates Shrimati Radharani's breasts.

57- Shri Krishna is very dear to Shrimati Radharani, and He become delighted by Her touch, although it is difficult for Laksmi-devi and the other goddesses of fortune to even attain a glimpse of Him. If, by reciting these eight verses, one prays to that Lord Krishna, then Lord will become pleased with that person and engage him in the service of His lotus feet.

58- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. Anointed with kunkuma powder, Her splendid golden complexion removes the pride of the golden lotus flower. Anointed with saffron, Her sweet fragrance chastises the fame of he aroma of the lotus flowers. She is fully qualifies to fulfill all the desire of Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men.

59- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her exquisite and amazing colorful garments chastise the splendor of rubies. She is a garden of blossoming flowers where the maddened bumble-bee krishna performs pastimes. She worships the sun-god to attain the eternal association of Krishna.

60- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her charming delicateness suppresses the fame of the blossoming flowers. Her cooling form is worthy of being served by the moon, sandalwood paste, lotus flowers and camphor, and when She touches Shri Krishna, the master of the gopis, She dispels the burning heat of His desires.

61- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Although the youthful gopis are worshiped by the entire universe, they worship the goddess of fortune named Radharani. She has no peer in the matter of beauty, youthfulness or other opulences, and in loving pastimes, no one is equal to Her.

62- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. She is a learned scholar in the transcendental arts headed by joking, singing in the rasa-dance. She is decorated with transcendental love of God,great beauty, wonderful garments and ornaments, and innumerable transcendental qualities. Even among the gopis, who are praised by the entire universe, She is the best.

63- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. She possesses the eternal opulences of youthful beauty, eternal pastimes, and eternal love of krishna. She causes the gopis, who are all in love with Krishna, to tremble, and She is always attached to meditating on the ornaments, garments, pastimes, and beautiful form of Shri Krishna.

64- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her louts feet. She is decorated with different ecstatic symptoms ( sattvika-bhava ), such as trembling, perspiring, standing up of hairs on the body, tears, and choking up of the voice. She is adorned with different ornaments which are ecstatic emotional transformations, such as impatience, joy and crookedness. She is decorated with beautiful jewels which delight the eyes of krishna.

65- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. If She is separated from Krishna for half a moment, She becomes struck with suffering, unsteadiness and a multitude of other ecstatic symptoms of separation. If, with great effort She regains the association of Krishna, all Her anxieties vanish.

66- Shrimati Radharani is very dear to Krishna, and She is delighted His association. She is accompanied by many jubilant gopi-friends, and is very difficult for Parvati and other exalted ladies to attain even a glimpse of Her. Shrimati Radharani will grant the nectar of Her personal service to that person who glorifies Her by reading these eight verses.

67- The description of Lord Krishna's qualities was like a river of nectar flowing from the mouth of the two parrots. By drinking that nectar the assembled gopis all became immersed in the shoreless ocean of transcendental bliss.

68- Thus ends the seventeenth chapter of Govinda-lilamrta in the matter of the Lord's midday pastimes. Shrila Raghunatha dasa Goswami has ordered me to write this book, which I have been able to do v=by the blessings of Shrila Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami and the saintly association of Shrila Jiva Goswami. I consider this book the ripened fruit of the service I have rendered to Shrila Rupa Goswami, who is like a bumble-bee relishing the honey at the lotus feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.Chapter 17

 

1- On Shrimati Radharani's request, Vrnda-devi stroked the parrot who became very happy in her hand. She instructed the parrots to glorify Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities,and the two parrots spoke the following words to the great delight of the assembled gopis.

2- Even though highly elevated poets and philosophers cannot begin to plumb the limitless ocean of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, I, an insignificant person, am now trying to drink that entire ocean by licking it with my tongue. Although no one is able to break the ripe coconut fruit of the Lord's qualities, this greedy parrot repeatedly strikes it with his beak.

3- This shameless person aspires to completely describe Lord Hari's transcendental qualities. It is as if I wished to swim across the great ocean by the strength of my own arms, It is as if I wished to smash apart Mount Sumeru by striking it with my head. It is as if I wished to carry the sun in my hand.

4- Any tongue purified by tasting a single nectarean drop of Lord Hari's transcendental qualities can never again taste anything else. How can that tongue which tastes the first sweet mango fruits ever try to taste the sharply bitter nimba fruit?

5- When Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula, was an infant, Gargacarya described His supreme auspicious beauty, glory, profundity, and other features of the infinity of His divine qualities. Gargacarya explained to the king of Vraja that child Krishna possessed qualities equal to those of Lord Narayana Himself.

6- Lord Krishna, the conqueror of the demons, has an infinite number of transcendental virtues, such as the great love He bears for His devotees, and the fact that He is completely conquered by the love His devotees bear for Him. Because His virtues are infinite, although the devotees earnestly endeavor day and night to count them one by one, it is not possible for them to count them all.

7- Lord Krishna's beauty is the greatest of all ornaments, His age is always situated in the prime of youth, His strength is so great that it reduces great mountains to small toy balls, His character is spotless, His pastimes enchants the entire universe. His generosity is so great that He is prepared to give even Himself to His devotee, His mercy floods the entire world with nectar, and His fame purifies everything. In this world who is able to completely describe the transcendental qualities of Lord Krishna?

8- Youthfulness, the gopis, beauty, sweetness, amorous pastimes, expertise, purity, charming restlessness, and a host of transcendental virtues, have all attained supreme success because they were accepted by Lord krishna, the prince of the cowherds.

9- The fragrance of musk-scented blue lotus flowers emanates from all the limbs of Lord Krishna. The fragrance of aguru-scented parijata flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's eyebrows, and the hair of His armpits and middle. The fragrance of camphor-scented lotus flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's nose, navel, face, hands, feet, and eyes. All these sweet aromas have become waves in a great ocean of fragrance which is flooding the world in all directions.

10- Lord Hari's transcendental qualities enchant the minds of the gopis, who become filled with love for Him. This love charms Lord Hari's mind and senses, and brings Him very firmly under the gopis' control.

11- The gopis became attracted by the sounds of Lord Krishna's flute, and because of that attraction the great festival of the rasa dance occurred. because of this festival all the desires of the Supreme Lord became fulfilled. Because all the Lord's desires were fulfilled, the entire universe became full of joy.

12- playing on the king of Vraja's chest, Lord Krishna appears like a garland of blue lotus petals resting there. How is it possible that this small child has unlimited qualities which even Lord Anantadeva cannot describe with His thousands of voices?

13- Lord Krishna showed Mother Yasoda the entire universe within His body, and He easily lifted Govardhana Hill as if it were a lotus flower in His hand. Although powerful Krishna could act so wonderfully, He still experiences unlimited happiness simply by seeing Shrimati Radharani's louts face. This is certainly very astonishing.

14- Lord Krishna gazed at the form of Shrimati Radharani reflected in the ocean of beauty in His heart, but when one of Radha's rivals stood in Her place, He became immediately horrified and He trembled with anger.

15- Captivated by unparalleled Shrimati Radharani, Lord Hari's mind does not chase after any other gopi. Will a bumble-bee, eager to constantly drink the honey of a great colony of louts flowers ever leave them to go to the flowers of a small vine?

16- By nature the sun is hot, the moon is cool, the earth tolerates anything, the wind is fickle and unsteady, the devotees are saintly and peaceful, the ocean is deep, and Lord Krishna is controlled by love.

17- Although Lord Krishna is very steady-minded, patient, shy, and humble, although He is the greatest exemplar of impeccable good character, although His transcendental form is by nature full of all transcendental bliss, and although all of these good qualities are eternally present within Him and they never decay or lesson, nevertheless, when He sees the face of Shrimati Radharani, He becomes quite beside Himself with love for Her. He trembles with love for Her, and aimlessly wanders about like a madman.

18- If even the chaste minds of Laksmi and the other goddesses of fortune become captivated by a distance glimpse of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, then how can anyone describe the condition of the young girls of Vraja, whose minds are always melting with love for Krishna?

19- The beautiful girls of Vraja worship Lord Krishna offering their perspiration as padya water, their hairs standing up in ecstasy as arghya water, the nectar of their respectful speeches as acamaniya water, the fragrance of their bodies as incense, and their gentle smiles as flowers. The nectar of their embraces and other amorous recreations is the offering of foodstuff they place before the Lord, and the nectar of their kisses is their offering of betel-nuts.

20- Those whose minds are filled with the thirst for material happiness think of Lord Krishna as the best of philanthropists. Those distressed by the troubles of material existence think of Lord Krishna as the most merciful person. The young gopis think of Lord Krishna as cupid personified, and the Lord's enemies think of Him as the incarnation of death. The people of Vraja think of Lord Krishna as their own dear relative. In this way many different classes of people think of Lord Krishna in different ways.

21- I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krishna. An outcast who becomes a devotee of Lord Krishna at once becomes a fully qualified brahmana, and a brahmana averse to Lord Krishna immediately become a degraded outcast. Love for Lord Krishna turns the bitter poison of humbleness into the sweetness nectar. Lord Krishna's fame attracts everyone to him, and makes everyone else seem insignificant in comparison to Him. Separation from Lord krishna transforms the cooling moon into a blazing fire, and the raging fire into nectarean moonlight.

22- If someone says that Lord krishna was cruel to kill Putana and so many of His other enemies, then I say if this is so then why do the greatest poets and philosophers continually glorify Him for His smiling compassion and host of other good qualities?

23- This is not Lord Krishna's form, it is only the Yamuna river. This is not Lord Hari's face, it is actually a lotus flower. These are not Lord Hari's eyes, they are actually a pair of lotus flowers. this is not Lord Hari's curling hair, it is only a swarm of black bees. O gopi-friend, why then are your eyes greedily running after these thing?

24- The minds of the beautiful girls of Vraja were always overcome with various transformations of ecstatic love for Krishna. At first cupid entered their minds and expanded himself within them, and then flute melodies expertly played by the prince of Vraja, also entered their minds.

25- All glories to the sweet flute music played by Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula. That music arouses amorous desires in the hearts of the lotus-eyed gopis, steals away the treasury of their calmness, removes their fear of public opinion, cuts at the root of their pious chastity, and drags them away from their husbands' side. That music causes non-moving entities like trees and flowers to tremble with love of Krishna, and it also causes moving living entities to become stunned in ecstasy.

26- O people, if you say that in this world many men are splendidly decorated with the rare gems of numberless virtues, nectarean mellows of love, charming pastimes, and great riches, and therefore Lord Krishna is not very important among all these men, then I say to you that Lord Krishna, the prince of Vraja, is described by the most elevated sages as the greatest of all persons. He is full of all opulences, and no one can compare with Him.

27- Overwhelmed with love of Krishna, the gopis addressed Krishna's flute in the following words: O dear friend, O cruel flute, on the pretext of producing various musical sounds you are discharging what appears to be at one moment a flood of nectar, and at the next moment a flood of poison. This flood appears to be simultaneously giving us life and killing us. This flood produces within us a mysterious condition that we can neither understand nor bear.

28- The demons yearn after sense-pleasures, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all pleasures to His devotees. The demons greedily run after money, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all wealth to His devotees. The demons aspire to attain a happy situation in life, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who is like the personification of all happiness. The demons desire sovereignty over the world, yet they hate Lord krishna, the master of all the universes. From this we may see that the demons are not very intelligent, for they have become bitter enemies of the only person able to fulfill their desires.

29- Her mind flooded by the swiftly flowing mountain stream of Lord Krishna's transcendental pastimes a certain lotus-eyed girl traveled a little distance from her home. Seeing an old woman, and feeling a hand touch her shoulder, she became frightened until she realized that Krishna had come to her in disguise. She said to Him: Ah, now the rendezvous with  my lover is successful.

30- The hearts of the pious young gopis are all drowned in thinking of Lord Krishna, the hero who lifted Govardhana Hill. Lord Krishna is filled to the depths with all transcendental virtues, and His exemplary good character pleases everyone. He is free from all suffering, and He frees His devotees from all suffering also. His handsome youthfulness has enchanted and stolen away the eyes and hearts of everyone.

31- Lord Hari forcibly took away the demons' lives, Indra's sacrificial offering, and Kaliya's home. Although superficially displeasing to them, these acts become the source of great auspiciousness for all of them.

32- Lord Hari leaves Shrimati Radharani's cottage. His forehead is not only decorated with many designs drawn in the colorful mineral pigments from Govardhana Hill, but it is also marked with the red cosmetics from Shrimati Radharani's feet and lips. As dark as a rain-cloud, Lord Hari's chest is also smeared with the musk from Shrimati Radharani's breasts. For this reason some foolish persons, proud of their expert knowledge of material morality, decline to worship Lord Hari.

33- The treasury of Lord Krishna's sweetness and the treasury of Shrimati Radharani's love for Him, both increase day and night. Radha and Krishna's pastimes in the groves of Vrndavana, and the bliss of their gopi-friends, similarly increase day and night.

34- Lord Krishna's feet are as beautiful as two lotus flowers, His face is as radiant as the moon, His delightful eyebrows are like a swarm of bumble-bees, His charming lips are like nectar, His beautiful restless eyes are like two moving lotus flowers, His splendid teeth are like jasmine buds. His sweet words are like nectar, and the effulgence of His smile is like moonlight.

35- Lord Krishna's hands are like two blossoming flowers, His fingernails are like a line of full moons, His cheeks like two mirrors, and His bodily luster like a dark monsoon-cloud. When the gopis see His lotus face they become like bumble-bees thirsty to drink its nectar. He is like the pleasing moon to the saintly devotees, Those who surrender to Him or offer obeisances to Him, He treats just like His own sons. He is like an ocean of nectar flooding the groves of Vrndavana. He is like a thunderbolt to the demons, and like cupid to the beautiful gopis. No one is as charitable as He. No hero is equal to Him. No one's activities are in any way like His transcendental pastimes. No one is equal to Him in any way. We pray that this Lord krishna, whose lotus face is kissed by the deer-eyed gopis, may protect us.

36- The gopis, who were as beautiful as new creepers, whose breasts were like the fruits of those creepers, whose smiles were like those creepers' flowers, and whose lips were like those creepers new blossoms, were a source of great delight to Lord Krishna.

37- Just as the yogic perfections fulfill the wishes of the great yogis, just as the devotional service of Lord Vishnu fulfills the wishes of the vaishnavas, just as the transcendental cit potency fulfills all the wishes of Lord Narayana, in the same way the vamsi flute fulfills all the wishes of Lord Krishna.

38- Lord Krishnacandra's fame is as sweet as a flood of nectar, as cooling as moonshine, and as purifying as the Ganges river.

39- Lord Krishna's bodily beauty is so great that nothing can be compared to it. Lord Krishna's charming sweetness is so great that even His incomparable beauty cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's host of transcendental qualities are so great that even His charming sweetness cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's exemplary good character is so great that even his host of transcendental qualities cannot be compared to it.

40- Drowning in pure love for Lord Hari, the gopis are situated in the topmost transcendental splendor. More splendid than they, however, is Lord Hari's omniscient expertise, and more splendid than the Lord's expertise is His knowledge of transcendental mellows. Nothing exists which is more splendid than the Lord's knowledge of transcendental mellows.

41- Seeing the wonderful friendship Subala and the other cowherd boys bore for Lord Krishna, and also understanding the secret desire hidden in Lord Krishna's heart, the gopis carefully constructed a nice couch in the grove of Vrndavana forest, brought Lord krishna there, and delighted Him in many ways.

42- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely  opulent and fortunate, for every grove of Vrndavana-forest, in every place along the shore of the Yamuna river, and in every cave of Govardhana Hill, Lord Krishna eternally performs pastimes with the beautiful gopis.

43- The kunkuma powder which anointed the gopis' bodies became rubbed off on Lord krishna's lotus feet, and some of that kunkuma fell from the Lord's soles onto the grasses of Vrndavana. Some aborigine girls took that kunkuma and smeared it on their breasts. In this way they became free from the distressing lust they felt by hearing the sound of Lord Krishna's flute and seeing the beauty of His face.

44- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely fortunate and opulent, for it is the place where the gopis, who are as beautiful as creepers charming vines, whose breasts are like the fruits of those vines, whose smiles are like those vines' flowers, and whose lips are like those vines' new blossoms, brought great transcendental bliss to Lord krishna.

45- The caves of Govardhana Hill are very glorious, for in them even the most degraded persons glorify Lord Hari. In them the beautiful and passionate widows of the demons slain by the Lord celebrate great feasts and orgies with a band of aborigines, and after concluding these horrible activities nevertheless offer prayers praising the spotless transcendental qualities of lord Hari.

46- The asuras said to Kamsa: My dear king, when you are surrounded by us, who are so powerful that we have defeated even the leaders of the demigods, what do you have to fear from this krishna, who is simply a helpless child? When Kamsa heard these words his heart became filled with pride and confidence, but now that Kamsa has met Krishna, I do not know where that pride and confidence have fled?

47- Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities are limitless, His pastimes are limitless, and His glories are limitless. In order to purify myself I have touched a small fragment of the Lord's glories with my words. How can I hope to completely enumerate all the glories of the Lord?

48- By thus diving and surfacing in the transcendental ocean of the description of Lord Hari's qualities, the minds of the male and female parrots blossomed with happiness. They approached their master and mistress, Shri Shri Radha-Krishna, and glorified Their transcendental qualities, begging for the fulfillment of their own spiritual desires in the following words:

49- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. His great beauty criticizes the splendor of the dark cloud, the black anjana ointment and sapphires. Anointed with kunkuma powder, His garments appear like a great sky illuminated by the rising sun and shining bolts of lightning. His beautiful limbs are anointed with sandalwood paste as yellow as the moonlight.

50- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant me the service of His lotus feet, His shark-shaped earrings expertly dance upon His cheeks and the beauty of His face destroys the pride of a multitude of moons and lotus flowers. He is bound by the great and hidden love of the gopis.

51- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. In His eternal youthful form, He is engaged in loving pastimes ( with His devotees). The cowherd boys surround Him and He delights them with His clever joking words. With it's splendor, the forest of Vrndavana, where He performs pastimes, defeats the heavenly Nandana gardens of Lord Indra.

52- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He is delighted by His friends and relatives, who are as if decorated with golden ornaments of pure love for Him. The great demigods who protect different planets in the universe offer obeisances to Him, touching their foreheads to the ground. The brahmanas and spiritual masters continually worship Him.

53- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He easily removed the pride of Indra and the violent anger of Kaliya, and He killed the demons Kamsa and Vatsasura. With the rainfall of His variegated pastimes, He nourishes the cataka birds which are His devotees. With His heroic pastimes, He delights the inhabitants of Vrndavana.

54- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He pleases Shrimati Radharani and the gopis with the nectar of the pastime of the rasa-dance performed in the groves of Vrndavana. With many different playful jokes he delights the gopis. The glory of His loving pastimes engladdens the minds of all the people in the universe.

55- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. By revealing His pastimes of the rasa-dance He also reveals the eternal path of pure devotional service. His great beauty distinguishes Him as the cupid among a multitude of cupids. He emits the sweet fragrance which is a multitude of affectionate sidelong glances aimed at the gopis.

56- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He became delighted by touching Shrimati Radharani on the pretext of placing a garland of flowers upon Her. He became jubilant when He saw Radharani's face which appeared very charming, decorated with the crookedness of pure love. It is as if He were the sandalwood paste which decorates Shrimati Radharani's breasts.

57- Shri Krishna is very dear to Shrimati Radharani, and He become delighted by Her touch, although it is difficult for Laksmi-devi and the other goddesses of fortune to even attain a glimpse of Him. If, by reciting these eight verses, one prays to that Lord Krishna, then Lord will become pleased with that person and engage him in the service of His lotus feet.

58- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. Anointed with kunkuma powder, Her splendid golden complexion removes the pride of the golden lotus flower. Anointed with saffron, Her sweet fragrance chastises the fame of he aroma of the lotus flowers. She is fully qualifies to fulfill all the desire of Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men.

59- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her exquisite and amazing colorful garments chastise the splendor of rubies. She is a garden of blossoming flowers where the maddened bumble-bee krishna performs pastimes. She worships the sun-god to attain the eternal association of Krishna.

60- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her charming delicateness suppresses the fame of the blossoming flowers. Her cooling form is worthy of being served by the moon, sandalwood paste, lotus flowers and camphor, and when She touches Shri Krishna, the master of the gopis, She dispels the burning heat of His desires.

61- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Although the youthful gopis are worshiped by the entire universe, they worship the goddess of fortune named Radharani. She has no peer in the matter of beauty, youthfulness or other opulences, and in loving pastimes, no one is equal to Her.

62- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. She is a learned scholar in the transcendental arts headed by joking, singing in the rasa-dance. She is decorated with transcendental love of God,great beauty, wonderful garments and ornaments, and innumerable transcendental qualities. Even among the gopis, who are praised by the entire universe, She is the best.

63- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. She possesses the eternal opulences of youthful beauty, eternal pastimes, and eternal love of krishna. She causes the gopis, who are all in love with Krishna, to tremble, and She is always attached to meditating on the ornaments, garments, pastimes, and beautiful form of Shri Krishna.

64- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her louts feet. She is decorated with different ecstatic symptoms ( sattvika-bhava ), such as trembling, perspiring, standing up of hairs on the body, tears, and choking up of the voice. She is adorned with different ornaments which are ecstatic emotional transformations, such as impatience, joy and crookedness. She is decorated with beautiful jewels which delight the eyes of krishna.

65- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. If She is separated from Krishna for half a moment, She becomes struck with suffering, unsteadiness and a multitude of other ecstatic symptoms of separation. If, with great effort She regains the association of Krishna, all Her anxieties vanish.

66- Shrimati Radharani is very dear to Krishna, and She is delighted His association. She is accompanied by many jubilant gopi-friends, and is very difficult for Parvati and other exalted ladies to attain even a glimpse of Her. Shrimati Radharani will grant the nectar of Her personal service to that person who glorifies Her by reading these eight verses.

67- The description of Lord Krishna's qualities was like a river of nectar flowing from the mouth of the two parrots. By drinking that nectar the assembled gopis all became immersed in the shoreless ocean of transcendental bliss.

68- Thus ends the seventeenth chapter of Govinda-lilamrta in the matter of the Lord's midday pastimes. Shrila Raghunatha dasa Goswami has ordered me to write this book, which I have been able to do v=by the blessings of Shrila Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami and the saintly association of Shrila Jiva Goswami. I consider this book the ripened fruit of the service I have rendered to Shrila Rupa Goswami, who is like a bumble-bee relishing the honey at the lotus feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.Chapter 17

 

1- On Shrimati Radharani's request, Vrnda-devi stroked the parrot who became very happy in her hand. She instructed the parrots to glorify Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities,and the two parrots spoke the following words to the great delight of the assembled gopis.

2- Even though highly elevated poets and philosophers cannot begin to plumb the limitless ocean of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, I, an insignificant person, am now trying to drink that entire ocean by licking it with my tongue. Although no one is able to break the ripe coconut fruit of the Lord's qualities, this greedy parrot repeatedly strikes it with his beak.

3- This shameless person aspires to completely describe Lord Hari's transcendental qualities. It is as if I wished to swim across the great ocean by the strength of my own arms, It is as if I wished to smash apart Mount Sumeru by striking it with my head. It is as if I wished to carry the sun in my hand.

4- Any tongue purified by tasting a single nectarean drop of Lord Hari's transcendental qualities can never again taste anything else. How can that tongue which tastes the first sweet mango fruits ever try to taste the sharply bitter nimba fruit?

5- When Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula, was an infant, Gargacarya described His supreme auspicious beauty, glory, profundity, and other features of the infinity of His divine qualities. Gargacarya explained to the king of Vraja that child Krishna possessed qualities equal to those of Lord Narayana Himself.

6- Lord Krishna, the conqueror of the demons, has an infinite number of transcendental virtues, such as the great love He bears for His devotees, and the fact that He is completely conquered by the love His devotees bear for Him. Because His virtues are infinite, although the devotees earnestly endeavor day and night to count them one by one, it is not possible for them to count them all.

7- Lord Krishna's beauty is the greatest of all ornaments, His age is always situated in the prime of youth, His strength is so great that it reduces great mountains to small toy balls, His character is spotless, His pastimes enchants the entire universe. His generosity is so great that He is prepared to give even Himself to His devotee, His mercy floods the entire world with nectar, and His fame purifies everything. In this world who is able to completely describe the transcendental qualities of Lord Krishna?

8- Youthfulness, the gopis, beauty, sweetness, amorous pastimes, expertise, purity, charming restlessness, and a host of transcendental virtues, have all attained supreme success because they were accepted by Lord krishna, the prince of the cowherds.

9- The fragrance of musk-scented blue lotus flowers emanates from all the limbs of Lord Krishna. The fragrance of aguru-scented parijata flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's eyebrows, and the hair of His armpits and middle. The fragrance of camphor-scented lotus flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's nose, navel, face, hands, feet, and eyes. All these sweet aromas have become waves in a great ocean of fragrance which is flooding the world in all directions.

10- Lord Hari's transcendental qualities enchant the minds of the gopis, who become filled with love for Him. This love charms Lord Hari's mind and senses, and brings Him very firmly under the gopis' control.

11- The gopis became attracted by the sounds of Lord Krishna's flute, and because of that attraction the great festival of the rasa dance occurred. because of this festival all the desires of the Supreme Lord became fulfilled. Because all the Lord's desires were fulfilled, the entire universe became full of joy.

12- playing on the king of Vraja's chest, Lord Krishna appears like a garland of blue lotus petals resting there. How is it possible that this small child has unlimited qualities which even Lord Anantadeva cannot describe with His thousands of voices?

13- Lord Krishna showed Mother Yasoda the entire universe within His body, and He easily lifted Govardhana Hill as if it were a lotus flower in His hand. Although powerful Krishna could act so wonderfully, He still experiences unlimited happiness simply by seeing Shrimati Radharani's louts face. This is certainly very astonishing.

14- Lord Krishna gazed at the form of Shrimati Radharani reflected in the ocean of beauty in His heart, but when one of Radha's rivals stood in Her place, He became immediately horrified and He trembled with anger.

15- Captivated by unparalleled Shrimati Radharani, Lord Hari's mind does not chase after any other gopi. Will a bumble-bee, eager to constantly drink the honey of a great colony of louts flowers ever leave them to go to the flowers of a small vine?

16- By nature the sun is hot, the moon is cool, the earth tolerates anything, the wind is fickle and unsteady, the devotees are saintly and peaceful, the ocean is deep, and Lord Krishna is controlled by love.

17- Although Lord Krishna is very steady-minded, patient, shy, and humble, although He is the greatest exemplar of impeccable good character, although His transcendental form is by nature full of all transcendental bliss, and although all of these good qualities are eternally present within Him and they never decay or lesson, nevertheless, when He sees the face of Shrimati Radharani, He becomes quite beside Himself with love for Her. He trembles with love for Her, and aimlessly wanders about like a madman.

18- If even the chaste minds of Laksmi and the other goddesses of fortune become captivated by a distance glimpse of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, then how can anyone describe the condition of the young girls of Vraja, whose minds are always melting with love for Krishna?

19- The beautiful girls of Vraja worship Lord Krishna offering their perspiration as padya water, their hairs standing up in ecstasy as arghya water, the nectar of their respectful speeches as acamaniya water, the fragrance of their bodies as incense, and their gentle smiles as flowers. The nectar of their embraces and other amorous recreations is the offering of foodstuff they place before the Lord, and the nectar of their kisses is their offering of betel-nuts.

20- Those whose minds are filled with the thirst for material happiness think of Lord Krishna as the best of philanthropists. Those distressed by the troubles of material existence think of Lord Krishna as the most merciful person. The young gopis think of Lord Krishna as cupid personified, and the Lord's enemies think of Him as the incarnation of death. The people of Vraja think of Lord Krishna as their own dear relative. In this way many different classes of people think of Lord Krishna in different ways.

21- I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krishna. An outcast who becomes a devotee of Lord Krishna at once becomes a fully qualified brahmana, and a brahmana averse to Lord Krishna immediately become a degraded outcast. Love for Lord Krishna turns the bitter poison of humbleness into the sweetness nectar. Lord Krishna's fame attracts everyone to him, and makes everyone else seem insignificant in comparison to Him. Separation from Lord krishna transforms the cooling moon into a blazing fire, and the raging fire into nectarean moonlight.

22- If someone says that Lord krishna was cruel to kill Putana and so many of His other enemies, then I say if this is so then why do the greatest poets and philosophers continually glorify Him for His smiling compassion and host of other good qualities?

23- This is not Lord Krishna's form, it is only the Yamuna river. This is not Lord Hari's face, it is actually a lotus flower. These are not Lord Hari's eyes, they are actually a pair of lotus flowers. this is not Lord Hari's curling hair, it is only a swarm of black bees. O gopi-friend, why then are your eyes greedily running after these thing?

24- The minds of the beautiful girls of Vraja were always overcome with various transformations of ecstatic love for Krishna. At first cupid entered their minds and expanded himself within them, and then flute melodies expertly played by the prince of Vraja, also entered their minds.

25- All glories to the sweet flute music played by Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula. That music arouses amorous desires in the hearts of the lotus-eyed gopis, steals away the treasury of their calmness, removes their fear of public opinion, cuts at the root of their pious chastity, and drags them away from their husbands' side. That music causes non-moving entities like trees and flowers to tremble with love of Krishna, and it also causes moving living entities to become stunned in ecstasy.

26- O people, if you say that in this world many men are splendidly decorated with the rare gems of numberless virtues, nectarean mellows of love, charming pastimes, and great riches, and therefore Lord Krishna is not very important among all these men, then I say to you that Lord Krishna, the prince of Vraja, is described by the most elevated sages as the greatest of all persons. He is full of all opulences, and no one can compare with Him.

27- Overwhelmed with love of Krishna, the gopis addressed Krishna's flute in the following words: O dear friend, O cruel flute, on the pretext of producing various musical sounds you are discharging what appears to be at one moment a flood of nectar, and at the next moment a flood of poison. This flood appears to be simultaneously giving us life and killing us. This flood produces within us a mysterious condition that we can neither understand nor bear.

28- The demons yearn after sense-pleasures, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all pleasures to His devotees. The demons greedily run after money, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all wealth to His devotees. The demons aspire to attain a happy situation in life, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who is like the personification of all happiness. The demons desire sovereignty over the world, yet they hate Lord krishna, the master of all the universes. From this we may see that the demons are not very intelligent, for they have become bitter enemies of the only person able to fulfill their desires.

29- Her mind flooded by the swiftly flowing mountain stream of Lord Krishna's transcendental pastimes a certain lotus-eyed girl traveled a little distance from her home. Seeing an old woman, and feeling a hand touch her shoulder, she became frightened until she realized that Krishna had come to her in disguise. She said to Him: Ah, now the rendezvous with  my lover is successful.

30- The hearts of the pious young gopis are all drowned in thinking of Lord Krishna, the hero who lifted Govardhana Hill. Lord Krishna is filled to the depths with all transcendental virtues, and His exemplary good character pleases everyone. He is free from all suffering, and He frees His devotees from all suffering also. His handsome youthfulness has enchanted and stolen away the eyes and hearts of everyone.

31- Lord Hari forcibly took away the demons' lives, Indra's sacrificial offering, and Kaliya's home. Although superficially displeasing to them, these acts become the source of great auspiciousness for all of them.

32- Lord Hari leaves Shrimati Radharani's cottage. His forehead is not only decorated with many designs drawn in the colorful mineral pigments from Govardhana Hill, but it is also marked with the red cosmetics from Shrimati Radharani's feet and lips. As dark as a rain-cloud, Lord Hari's chest is also smeared with the musk from Shrimati Radharani's breasts. For this reason some foolish persons, proud of their expert knowledge of material morality, decline to worship Lord Hari.

33- The treasury of Lord Krishna's sweetness and the treasury of Shrimati Radharani's love for Him, both increase day and night. Radha and Krishna's pastimes in the groves of Vrndavana, and the bliss of their gopi-friends, similarly increase day and night.

34- Lord Krishna's feet are as beautiful as two lotus flowers, His face is as radiant as the moon, His delightful eyebrows are like a swarm of bumble-bees, His charming lips are like nectar, His beautiful restless eyes are like two moving lotus flowers, His splendid teeth are like jasmine buds. His sweet words are like nectar, and the effulgence of His smile is like moonlight.

35- Lord Krishna's hands are like two blossoming flowers, His fingernails are like a line of full moons, His cheeks like two mirrors, and His bodily luster like a dark monsoon-cloud. When the gopis see His lotus face they become like bumble-bees thirsty to drink its nectar. He is like the pleasing moon to the saintly devotees, Those who surrender to Him or offer obeisances to Him, He treats just like His own sons. He is like an ocean of nectar flooding the groves of Vrndavana. He is like a thunderbolt to the demons, and like cupid to the beautiful gopis. No one is as charitable as He. No hero is equal to Him. No one's activities are in any way like His transcendental pastimes. No one is equal to Him in any way. We pray that this Lord krishna, whose lotus face is kissed by the deer-eyed gopis, may protect us.

36- The gopis, who were as beautiful as new creepers, whose breasts were like the fruits of those creepers, whose smiles were like those creepers' flowers, and whose lips were like those creepers new blossoms, were a source of great delight to Lord Krishna.

37- Just as the yogic perfections fulfill the wishes of the great yogis, just as the devotional service of Lord Vishnu fulfills the wishes of the vaishnavas, just as the transcendental cit potency fulfills all the wishes of Lord Narayana, in the same way the vamsi flute fulfills all the wishes of Lord Krishna.

38- Lord Krishnacandra's fame is as sweet as a flood of nectar, as cooling as moonshine, and as purifying as the Ganges river.

39- Lord Krishna's bodily beauty is so great that nothing can be compared to it. Lord Krishna's charming sweetness is so great that even His incomparable beauty cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's host of transcendental qualities are so great that even His charming sweetness cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's exemplary good character is so great that even his host of transcendental qualities cannot be compared to it.

40- Drowning in pure love for Lord Hari, the gopis are situated in the topmost transcendental splendor. More splendid than they, however, is Lord Hari's omniscient expertise, and more splendid than the Lord's expertise is His knowledge of transcendental mellows. Nothing exists which is more splendid than the Lord's knowledge of transcendental mellows.

41- Seeing the wonderful friendship Subala and the other cowherd boys bore for Lord Krishna, and also understanding the secret desire hidden in Lord Krishna's heart, the gopis carefully constructed a nice couch in the grove of Vrndavana forest, brought Lord krishna there, and delighted Him in many ways.

42- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely  opulent and fortunate, for every grove of Vrndavana-forest, in every place along the shore of the Yamuna river, and in every cave of Govardhana Hill, Lord Krishna eternally performs pastimes with the beautiful gopis.

43- The kunkuma powder which anointed the gopis' bodies became rubbed off on Lord krishna's lotus feet, and some of that kunkuma fell from the Lord's soles onto the grasses of Vrndavana. Some aborigine girls took that kunkuma and smeared it on their breasts. In this way they became free from the distressing lust they felt by hearing the sound of Lord Krishna's flute and seeing the beauty of His face.

44- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely fortunate and opulent, for it is the place where the gopis, who are as beautiful as creepers charming vines, whose breasts are like the fruits of those vines, whose smiles are like those vines' flowers, and whose lips are like those vines' new blossoms, brought great transcendental bliss to Lord krishna.

45- The caves of Govardhana Hill are very glorious, for in them even the most degraded persons glorify Lord Hari. In them the beautiful and passionate widows of the demons slain by the Lord celebrate great feasts and orgies with a band of aborigines, and after concluding these horrible activities nevertheless offer prayers praising the spotless transcendental qualities of lord Hari.

46- The asuras said to Kamsa: My dear king, when you are surrounded by us, who are so powerful that we have defeated even the leaders of the demigods, what do you have to fear from this krishna, who is simply a helpless child? When Kamsa heard these words his heart became filled with pride and confidence, but now that Kamsa has met Krishna, I do not know where that pride and confidence have fled?

47- Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities are limitless, His pastimes are limitless, and His glories are limitless. In order to purify myself I have touched a small fragment of the Lord's glories with my words. How can I hope to completely enumerate all the glories of the Lord?

48- By thus diving and surfacing in the transcendental ocean of the description of Lord Hari's qualities, the minds of the male and female parrots blossomed with happiness. They approached their master and mistress, Shri Shri Radha-Krishna, and glorified Their transcendental qualities, begging for the fulfillment of their own spiritual desires in the following words:

49- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. His great beauty criticizes the splendor of the dark cloud, the black anjana ointment and sapphires. Anointed with kunkuma powder, His garments appear like a great sky illuminated by the rising sun and shining bolts of lightning. His beautiful limbs are anointed with sandalwood paste as yellow as the moonlight.

50- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant me the service of His lotus feet, His shark-shaped earrings expertly dance upon His cheeks and the beauty of His face destroys the pride of a multitude of moons and lotus flowers. He is bound by the great and hidden love of the gopis.

51- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. In His eternal youthful form, He is engaged in loving pastimes ( with His devotees). The cowherd boys surround Him and He delights them with His clever joking words. With it's splendor, the forest of Vrndavana, where He performs pastimes, defeats the heavenly Nandana gardens of Lord Indra.

52- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He is delighted by His friends and relatives, who are as if decorated with golden ornaments of pure love for Him. The great demigods who protect different planets in the universe offer obeisances to Him, touching their foreheads to the ground. The brahmanas and spiritual masters continually worship Him.

53- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He easily removed the pride of Indra and the violent anger of Kaliya, and He killed the demons Kamsa and Vatsasura. With the rainfall of His variegated pastimes, He nourishes the cataka birds which are His devotees. With His heroic pastimes, He delights the inhabitants of Vrndavana.

54- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He pleases Shrimati Radharani and the gopis with the nectar of the pastime of the rasa-dance performed in the groves of Vrndavana. With many different playful jokes he delights the gopis. The glory of His loving pastimes engladdens the minds of all the people in the universe.

55- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. By revealing His pastimes of the rasa-dance He also reveals the eternal path of pure devotional service. His great beauty distinguishes Him as the cupid among a multitude of cupids. He emits the sweet fragrance which is a multitude of affectionate sidelong glances aimed at the gopis.

56- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He became delighted by touching Shrimati Radharani on the pretext of placing a garland of flowers upon Her. He became jubilant when He saw Radharani's face which appeared very charming, decorated with the crookedness of pure love. It is as if He were the sandalwood paste which decorates Shrimati Radharani's breasts.

57- Shri Krishna is very dear to Shrimati Radharani, and He become delighted by Her touch, although it is difficult for Laksmi-devi and the other goddesses of fortune to even attain a glimpse of Him. If, by reciting these eight verses, one prays to that Lord Krishna, then Lord will become pleased with that person and engage him in the service of His lotus feet.

58- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. Anointed with kunkuma powder, Her splendid golden complexion removes the pride of the golden lotus flower. Anointed with saffron, Her sweet fragrance chastises the fame of he aroma of the lotus flowers. She is fully qualifies to fulfill all the desire of Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men.

59- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her exquisite and amazing colorful garments chastise the splendor of rubies. She is a garden of blossoming flowers where the maddened bumble-bee krishna performs pastimes. She worships the sun-god to attain the eternal association of Krishna.

60- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her charming delicateness suppresses the fame of the blossoming flowers. Her cooling form is worthy of being served by the moon, sandalwood paste, lotus flowers and camphor, and when She touches Shri Krishna, the master of the gopis, She dispels the burning heat of His desires.

61- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Although the youthful gopis are worshiped by the entire universe, they worship the goddess of fortune named Radharani. She has no peer in the matter of beauty, youthfulness or other opulences, and in loving pastimes, no one is equal to Her.

62- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. She is a learned scholar in the transcendental arts headed by joking, singing in the rasa-dance. She is decorated with transcendental love of God,great beauty, wonderful garments and ornaments, and innumerable transcendental qualities. Even among the gopis, who are praised by the entire universe, She is the best.

63- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. She possesses the eternal opulences of youthful beauty, eternal pastimes, and eternal love of krishna. She causes the gopis, who are all in love with Krishna, to tremble, and She is always attached to meditating on the ornaments, garments, pastimes, and beautiful form of Shri Krishna.

64- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her louts feet. She is decorated with different ecstatic symptoms ( sattvika-bhava ), such as trembling, perspiring, standing up of hairs on the body, tears, and choking up of the voice. She is adorned with different ornaments which are ecstatic emotional transformations, such as impatience, joy and crookedness. She is decorated with beautiful jewels which delight the eyes of krishna.

65- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. If She is separated from Krishna for half a moment, She becomes struck with suffering, unsteadiness and a multitude of other ecstatic symptoms of separation. If, with great effort She regains the association of Krishna, all Her anxieties vanish.

66- Shrimati Radharani is very dear to Krishna, and She is delighted His association. She is accompanied by many jubilant gopi-friends, and is very difficult for Parvati and other exalted ladies to attain even a glimpse of Her. Shrimati Radharani will grant the nectar of Her personal service to that person who glorifies Her by reading these eight verses.

67- The description of Lord Krishna's qualities was like a river of nectar flowing from the mouth of the two parrots. By drinking that nectar the assembled gopis all became immersed in the shoreless ocean of transcendental bliss.

68- Thus ends the seventeenth chapter of Govinda-lilamrta in the matter of the Lord's midday pastimes. Shrila Raghunatha dasa Goswami has ordered me to write this book, which I have been able to do v=by the blessings of Shrila Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami and the saintly association of Shrila Jiva Goswami. I consider this book the ripened fruit of the service I have rendered to Shrila Rupa Goswami, who is like a bumble-bee relishing the honey at the lotus feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.Chapter 17

 

1- On Shrimati Radharani's request, Vrnda-devi stroked the parrot who became very happy in her hand. She instructed the parrots to glorify Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities,and the two parrots spoke the following words to the great delight of the assembled gopis.

2- Even though highly elevated poets and philosophers cannot begin to plumb the limitless ocean of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, I, an insignificant person, am now trying to drink that entire ocean by licking it with my tongue. Although no one is able to break the ripe coconut fruit of the Lord's qualities, this greedy parrot repeatedly strikes it with his beak.

3- This shameless person aspires to completely describe Lord Hari's transcendental qualities. It is as if I wished to swim across the great ocean by the strength of my own arms, It is as if I wished to smash apart Mount Sumeru by striking it with my head. It is as if I wished to carry the sun in my hand.

4- Any tongue purified by tasting a single nectarean drop of Lord Hari's transcendental qualities can never again taste anything else. How can that tongue which tastes the first sweet mango fruits ever try to taste the sharply bitter nimba fruit?

5- When Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula, was an infant, Gargacarya described His supreme auspicious beauty, glory, profundity, and other features of the infinity of His divine qualities. Gargacarya explained to the king of Vraja that child Krishna possessed qualities equal to those of Lord Narayana Himself.

6- Lord Krishna, the conqueror of the demons, has an infinite number of transcendental virtues, such as the great love He bears for His devotees, and the fact that He is completely conquered by the love His devotees bear for Him. Because His virtues are infinite, although the devotees earnestly endeavor day and night to count them one by one, it is not possible for them to count them all.

7- Lord Krishna's beauty is the greatest of all ornaments, His age is always situated in the prime of youth, His strength is so great that it reduces great mountains to small toy balls, His character is spotless, His pastimes enchants the entire universe. His generosity is so great that He is prepared to give even Himself to His devotee, His mercy floods the entire world with nectar, and His fame purifies everything. In this world who is able to completely describe the transcendental qualities of Lord Krishna?

8- Youthfulness, the gopis, beauty, sweetness, amorous pastimes, expertise, purity, charming restlessness, and a host of transcendental virtues, have all attained supreme success because they were accepted by Lord krishna, the prince of the cowherds.

9- The fragrance of musk-scented blue lotus flowers emanates from all the limbs of Lord Krishna. The fragrance of aguru-scented parijata flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's eyebrows, and the hair of His armpits and middle. The fragrance of camphor-scented lotus flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's nose, navel, face, hands, feet, and eyes. All these sweet aromas have become waves in a great ocean of fragrance which is flooding the world in all directions.

10- Lord Hari's transcendental qualities enchant the minds of the gopis, who become filled with love for Him. This love charms Lord Hari's mind and senses, and brings Him very firmly under the gopis' control.

11- The gopis became attracted by the sounds of Lord Krishna's flute, and because of that attraction the great festival of the rasa dance occurred. because of this festival all the desires of the Supreme Lord became fulfilled. Because all the Lord's desires were fulfilled, the entire universe became full of joy.

12- playing on the king of Vraja's chest, Lord Krishna appears like a garland of blue lotus petals resting there. How is it possible that this small child has unlimited qualities which even Lord Anantadeva cannot describe with His thousands of voices?

13- Lord Krishna showed Mother Yasoda the entire universe within His body, and He easily lifted Govardhana Hill as if it were a lotus flower in His hand. Although powerful Krishna could act so wonderfully, He still experiences unlimited happiness simply by seeing Shrimati Radharani's louts face. This is certainly very astonishing.

14- Lord Krishna gazed at the form of Shrimati Radharani reflected in the ocean of beauty in His heart, but when one of Radha's rivals stood in Her place, He became immediately horrified and He trembled with anger.

15- Captivated by unparalleled Shrimati Radharani, Lord Hari's mind does not chase after any other gopi. Will a bumble-bee, eager to constantly drink the honey of a great colony of louts flowers ever leave them to go to the flowers of a small vine?

16- By nature the sun is hot, the moon is cool, the earth tolerates anything, the wind is fickle and unsteady, the devotees are saintly and peaceful, the ocean is deep, and Lord Krishna is controlled by love.

17- Although Lord Krishna is very steady-minded, patient, shy, and humble, although He is the greatest exemplar of impeccable good character, although His transcendental form is by nature full of all transcendental bliss, and although all of these good qualities are eternally present within Him and they never decay or lesson, nevertheless, when He sees the face of Shrimati Radharani, He becomes quite beside Himself with love for Her. He trembles with love for Her, and aimlessly wanders about like a madman.

18- If even the chaste minds of Laksmi and the other goddesses of fortune become captivated by a distance glimpse of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, then how can anyone describe the condition of the young girls of Vraja, whose minds are always melting with love for Krishna?

19- The beautiful girls of Vraja worship Lord Krishna offering their perspiration as padya water, their hairs standing up in ecstasy as arghya water, the nectar of their respectful speeches as acamaniya water, the fragrance of their bodies as incense, and their gentle smiles as flowers. The nectar of their embraces and other amorous recreations is the offering of foodstuff they place before the Lord, and the nectar of their kisses is their offering of betel-nuts.

20- Those whose minds are filled with the thirst for material happiness think of Lord Krishna as the best of philanthropists. Those distressed by the troubles of material existence think of Lord Krishna as the most merciful person. The young gopis think of Lord Krishna as cupid personified, and the Lord's enemies think of Him as the incarnation of death. The people of Vraja think of Lord Krishna as their own dear relative. In this way many different classes of people think of Lord Krishna in different ways.

21- I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krishna. An outcast who becomes a devotee of Lord Krishna at once becomes a fully qualified brahmana, and a brahmana averse to Lord Krishna immediately become a degraded outcast. Love for Lord Krishna turns the bitter poison of humbleness into the sweetness nectar. Lord Krishna's fame attracts everyone to him, and makes everyone else seem insignificant in comparison to Him. Separation from Lord krishna transforms the cooling moon into a blazing fire, and the raging fire into nectarean moonlight.

22- If someone says that Lord krishna was cruel to kill Putana and so many of His other enemies, then I say if this is so then why do the greatest poets and philosophers continually glorify Him for His smiling compassion and host of other good qualities?

23- This is not Lord Krishna's form, it is only the Yamuna river. This is not Lord Hari's face, it is actually a lotus flower. These are not Lord Hari's eyes, they are actually a pair of lotus flowers. this is not Lord Hari's curling hair, it is only a swarm of black bees. O gopi-friend, why then are your eyes greedily running after these thing?

24- The minds of the beautiful girls of Vraja were always overcome with various transformations of ecstatic love for Krishna. At first cupid entered their minds and expanded himself within them, and then flute melodies expertly played by the prince of Vraja, also entered their minds.

25- All glories to the sweet flute music played by Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula. That music arouses amorous desires in the hearts of the lotus-eyed gopis, steals away the treasury of their calmness, removes their fear of public opinion, cuts at the root of their pious chastity, and drags them away from their husbands' side. That music causes non-moving entities like trees and flowers to tremble with love of Krishna, and it also causes moving living entities to become stunned in ecstasy.

26- O people, if you say that in this world many men are splendidly decorated with the rare gems of numberless virtues, nectarean mellows of love, charming pastimes, and great riches, and therefore Lord Krishna is not very important among all these men, then I say to you that Lord Krishna, the prince of Vraja, is described by the most elevated sages as the greatest of all persons. He is full of all opulences, and no one can compare with Him.

27- Overwhelmed with love of Krishna, the gopis addressed Krishna's flute in the following words: O dear friend, O cruel flute, on the pretext of producing various musical sounds you are discharging what appears to be at one moment a flood of nectar, and at the next moment a flood of poison. This flood appears to be simultaneously giving us life and killing us. This flood produces within us a mysterious condition that we can neither understand nor bear.

28- The demons yearn after sense-pleasures, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all pleasures to His devotees. The demons greedily run after money, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all wealth to His devotees. The demons aspire to attain a happy situation in life, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who is like the personification of all happiness. The demons desire sovereignty over the world, yet they hate Lord krishna, the master of all the universes. From this we may see that the demons are not very intelligent, for they have become bitter enemies of the only person able to fulfill their desires.

29- Her mind flooded by the swiftly flowing mountain stream of Lord Krishna's transcendental pastimes a certain lotus-eyed girl traveled a little distance from her home. Seeing an old woman, and feeling a hand touch her shoulder, she became frightened until she realized that Krishna had come to her in disguise. She said to Him: Ah, now the rendezvous with  my lover is successful.

30- The hearts of the pious young gopis are all drowned in thinking of Lord Krishna, the hero who lifted Govardhana Hill. Lord Krishna is filled to the depths with all transcendental virtues, and His exemplary good character pleases everyone. He is free from all suffering, and He frees His devotees from all suffering also. His handsome youthfulness has enchanted and stolen away the eyes and hearts of everyone.

31- Lord Hari forcibly took away the demons' lives, Indra's sacrificial offering, and Kaliya's home. Although superficially displeasing to them, these acts become the source of great auspiciousness for all of them.

32- Lord Hari leaves Shrimati Radharani's cottage. His forehead is not only decorated with many designs drawn in the colorful mineral pigments from Govardhana Hill, but it is also marked with the red cosmetics from Shrimati Radharani's feet and lips. As dark as a rain-cloud, Lord Hari's chest is also smeared with the musk from Shrimati Radharani's breasts. For this reason some foolish persons, proud of their expert knowledge of material morality, decline to worship Lord Hari.

33- The treasury of Lord Krishna's sweetness and the treasury of Shrimati Radharani's love for Him, both increase day and night. Radha and Krishna's pastimes in the groves of Vrndavana, and the bliss of their gopi-friends, similarly increase day and night.

34- Lord Krishna's feet are as beautiful as two lotus flowers, His face is as radiant as the moon, His delightful eyebrows are like a swarm of bumble-bees, His charming lips are like nectar, His beautiful restless eyes are like two moving lotus flowers, His splendid teeth are like jasmine buds. His sweet words are like nectar, and the effulgence of His smile is like moonlight.

35- Lord Krishna's hands are like two blossoming flowers, His fingernails are like a line of full moons, His cheeks like two mirrors, and His bodily luster like a dark monsoon-cloud. When the gopis see His lotus face they become like bumble-bees thirsty to drink its nectar. He is like the pleasing moon to the saintly devotees, Those who surrender to Him or offer obeisances to Him, He treats just like His own sons. He is like an ocean of nectar flooding the groves of Vrndavana. He is like a thunderbolt to the demons, and like cupid to the beautiful gopis. No one is as charitable as He. No hero is equal to Him. No one's activities are in any way like His transcendental pastimes. No one is equal to Him in any way. We pray that this Lord krishna, whose lotus face is kissed by the deer-eyed gopis, may protect us.

36- The gopis, who were as beautiful as new creepers, whose breasts were like the fruits of those creepers, whose smiles were like those creepers' flowers, and whose lips were like those creepers new blossoms, were a source of great delight to Lord Krishna.

37- Just as the yogic perfections fulfill the wishes of the great yogis, just as the devotional service of Lord Vishnu fulfills the wishes of the vaishnavas, just as the transcendental cit potency fulfills all the wishes of Lord Narayana, in the same way the vamsi flute fulfills all the wishes of Lord Krishna.

38- Lord Krishnacandra's fame is as sweet as a flood of nectar, as cooling as moonshine, and as purifying as the Ganges river.

39- Lord Krishna's bodily beauty is so great that nothing can be compared to it. Lord Krishna's charming sweetness is so great that even His incomparable beauty cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's host of transcendental qualities are so great that even His charming sweetness cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's exemplary good character is so great that even his host of transcendental qualities cannot be compared to it.

40- Drowning in pure love for Lord Hari, the gopis are situated in the topmost transcendental splendor. More splendid than they, however, is Lord Hari's omniscient expertise, and more splendid than the Lord's expertise is His knowledge of transcendental mellows. Nothing exists which is more splendid than the Lord's knowledge of transcendental mellows.

41- Seeing the wonderful friendship Subala and the other cowherd boys bore for Lord Krishna, and also understanding the secret desire hidden in Lord Krishna's heart, the gopis carefully constructed a nice couch in the grove of Vrndavana forest, brought Lord krishna there, and delighted Him in many ways.

42- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely  opulent and fortunate, for every grove of Vrndavana-forest, in every place along the shore of the Yamuna river, and in every cave of Govardhana Hill, Lord Krishna eternally performs pastimes with the beautiful gopis.

43- The kunkuma powder which anointed the gopis' bodies became rubbed off on Lord krishna's lotus feet, and some of that kunkuma fell from the Lord's soles onto the grasses of Vrndavana. Some aborigine girls took that kunkuma and smeared it on their breasts. In this way they became free from the distressing lust they felt by hearing the sound of Lord Krishna's flute and seeing the beauty of His face.

44- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely fortunate and opulent, for it is the place where the gopis, who are as beautiful as creepers charming vines, whose breasts are like the fruits of those vines, whose smiles are like those vines' flowers, and whose lips are like those vines' new blossoms, brought great transcendental bliss to Lord krishna.

45- The caves of Govardhana Hill are very glorious, for in them even the most degraded persons glorify Lord Hari. In them the beautiful and passionate widows of the demons slain by the Lord celebrate great feasts and orgies with a band of aborigines, and after concluding these horrible activities nevertheless offer prayers praising the spotless transcendental qualities of lord Hari.

46- The asuras said to Kamsa: My dear king, when you are surrounded by us, who are so powerful that we have defeated even the leaders of the demigods, what do you have to fear from this krishna, who is simply a helpless child? When Kamsa heard these words his heart became filled with pride and confidence, but now that Kamsa has met Krishna, I do not know where that pride and confidence have fled?

47- Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities are limitless, His pastimes are limitless, and His glories are limitless. In order to purify myself I have touched a small fragment of the Lord's glories with my words. How can I hope to completely enumerate all the glories of the Lord?

48- By thus diving and surfacing in the transcendental ocean of the description of Lord Hari's qualities, the minds of the male and female parrots blossomed with happiness. They approached their master and mistress, Shri Shri Radha-Krishna, and glorified Their transcendental qualities, begging for the fulfillment of their own spiritual desires in the following words:

49- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. His great beauty criticizes the splendor of the dark cloud, the black anjana ointment and sapphires. Anointed with kunkuma powder, His garments appear like a great sky illuminated by the rising sun and shining bolts of lightning. His beautiful limbs are anointed with sandalwood paste as yellow as the moonlight.

50- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant me the service of His lotus feet, His shark-shaped earrings expertly dance upon His cheeks and the beauty of His face destroys the pride of a multitude of moons and lotus flowers. He is bound by the great and hidden love of the gopis.

51- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. In His eternal youthful form, He is engaged in loving pastimes ( with His devotees). The cowherd boys surround Him and He delights them with His clever joking words. With it's splendor, the forest of Vrndavana, where He performs pastimes, defeats the heavenly Nandana gardens of Lord Indra.

52- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He is delighted by His friends and relatives, who are as if decorated with golden ornaments of pure love for Him. The great demigods who protect different planets in the universe offer obeisances to Him, touching their foreheads to the ground. The brahmanas and spiritual masters continually worship Him.

53- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He easily removed the pride of Indra and the violent anger of Kaliya, and He killed the demons Kamsa and Vatsasura. With the rainfall of His variegated pastimes, He nourishes the cataka birds which are His devotees. With His heroic pastimes, He delights the inhabitants of Vrndavana.

54- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He pleases Shrimati Radharani and the gopis with the nectar of the pastime of the rasa-dance performed in the groves of Vrndavana. With many different playful jokes he delights the gopis. The glory of His loving pastimes engladdens the minds of all the people in the universe.

55- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. By revealing His pastimes of the rasa-dance He also reveals the eternal path of pure devotional service. His great beauty distinguishes Him as the cupid among a multitude of cupids. He emits the sweet fragrance which is a multitude of affectionate sidelong glances aimed at the gopis.

56- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He became delighted by touching Shrimati Radharani on the pretext of placing a garland of flowers upon Her. He became jubilant when He saw Radharani's face which appeared very charming, decorated with the crookedness of pure love. It is as if He were the sandalwood paste which decorates Shrimati Radharani's breasts.

57- Shri Krishna is very dear to Shrimati Radharani, and He become delighted by Her touch, although it is difficult for Laksmi-devi and the other goddesses of fortune to even attain a glimpse of Him. If, by reciting these eight verses, one prays to that Lord Krishna, then Lord will become pleased with that person and engage him in the service of His lotus feet.

58- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. Anointed with kunkuma powder, Her splendid golden complexion removes the pride of the golden lotus flower. Anointed with saffron, Her sweet fragrance chastises the fame of he aroma of the lotus flowers. She is fully qualifies to fulfill all the desire of Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men.

59- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her exquisite and amazing colorful garments chastise the splendor of rubies. She is a garden of blossoming flowers where the maddened bumble-bee krishna performs pastimes. She worships the sun-god to attain the eternal association of Krishna.

60- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her charming delicateness suppresses the fame of the blossoming flowers. Her cooling form is worthy of being served by the moon, sandalwood paste, lotus flowers and camphor, and when She touches Shri Krishna, the master of the gopis, She dispels the burning heat of His desires.

61- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Although the youthful gopis are worshiped by the entire universe, they worship the goddess of fortune named Radharani. She has no peer in the matter of beauty, youthfulness or other opulences, and in loving pastimes, no one is equal to Her.

62- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. She is a learned scholar in the transcendental arts headed by joking, singing in the rasa-dance. She is decorated with transcendental love of God,great beauty, wonderful garments and ornaments, and innumerable transcendental qualities. Even among the gopis, who are praised by the entire universe, She is the best.

63- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. She possesses the eternal opulences of youthful beauty, eternal pastimes, and eternal love of krishna. She causes the gopis, who are all in love with Krishna, to tremble, and She is always attached to meditating on the ornaments, garments, pastimes, and beautiful form of Shri Krishna.

64- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her louts feet. She is decorated with different ecstatic symptoms ( sattvika-bhava ), such as trembling, perspiring, standing up of hairs on the body, tears, and choking up of the voice. She is adorned with different ornaments which are ecstatic emotional transformations, such as impatience, joy and crookedness. She is decorated with beautiful jewels which delight the eyes of krishna.

65- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. If She is separated from Krishna for half a moment, She becomes struck with suffering, unsteadiness and a multitude of other ecstatic symptoms of separation. If, with great effort She regains the association of Krishna, all Her anxieties vanish.

66- Shrimati Radharani is very dear to Krishna, and She is delighted His association. She is accompanied by many jubilant gopi-friends, and is very difficult for Parvati and other exalted ladies to attain even a glimpse of Her. Shrimati Radharani will grant the nectar of Her personal service to that person who glorifies Her by reading these eight verses.

67- The description of Lord Krishna's qualities was like a river of nectar flowing from the mouth of the two parrots. By drinking that nectar the assembled gopis all became immersed in the shoreless ocean of transcendental bliss.

68- Thus ends the seventeenth chapter of Govinda-lilamrta in the matter of the Lord's midday pastimes. Shrila Raghunatha dasa Goswami has ordered me to write this book, which I have been able to do v=by the blessings of Shrila Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami and the saintly association of Shrila Jiva Goswami. I consider this book the ripened fruit of the service I have rendered to Shrila Rupa Goswami, who is like a bumble-bee relishing the honey at the lotus feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.Chapter 17

 

1- On Shrimati Radharani's request, Vrnda-devi stroked the parrot who became very happy in her hand. She instructed the parrots to glorify Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities,and the two parrots spoke the following words to the great delight of the assembled gopis.

2- Even though highly elevated poets and philosophers cannot begin to plumb the limitless ocean of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, I, an insignificant person, am now trying to drink that entire ocean by licking it with my tongue. Although no one is able to break the ripe coconut fruit of the Lord's qualities, this greedy parrot repeatedly strikes it with his beak.

3- This shameless person aspires to completely describe Lord Hari's transcendental qualities. It is as if I wished to swim across the great ocean by the strength of my own arms, It is as if I wished to smash apart Mount Sumeru by striking it with my head. It is as if I wished to carry the sun in my hand.

4- Any tongue purified by tasting a single nectarean drop of Lord Hari's transcendental qualities can never again taste anything else. How can that tongue which tastes the first sweet mango fruits ever try to taste the sharply bitter nimba fruit?

5- When Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula, was an infant, Gargacarya described His supreme auspicious beauty, glory, profundity, and other features of the infinity of His divine qualities. Gargacarya explained to the king of Vraja that child Krishna possessed qualities equal to those of Lord Narayana Himself.

6- Lord Krishna, the conqueror of the demons, has an infinite number of transcendental virtues, such as the great love He bears for His devotees, and the fact that He is completely conquered by the love His devotees bear for Him. Because His virtues are infinite, although the devotees earnestly endeavor day and night to count them one by one, it is not possible for them to count them all.

7- Lord Krishna's beauty is the greatest of all ornaments, His age is always situated in the prime of youth, His strength is so great that it reduces great mountains to small toy balls, His character is spotless, His pastimes enchants the entire universe. His generosity is so great that He is prepared to give even Himself to His devotee, His mercy floods the entire world with nectar, and His fame purifies everything. In this world who is able to completely describe the transcendental qualities of Lord Krishna?

8- Youthfulness, the gopis, beauty, sweetness, amorous pastimes, expertise, purity, charming restlessness, and a host of transcendental virtues, have all attained supreme success because they were accepted by Lord krishna, the prince of the cowherds.

9- The fragrance of musk-scented blue lotus flowers emanates from all the limbs of Lord Krishna. The fragrance of aguru-scented parijata flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's eyebrows, and the hair of His armpits and middle. The fragrance of camphor-scented lotus flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's nose, navel, face, hands, feet, and eyes. All these sweet aromas have become waves in a great ocean of fragrance which is flooding the world in all directions.

10- Lord Hari's transcendental qualities enchant the minds of the gopis, who become filled with love for Him. This love charms Lord Hari's mind and senses, and brings Him very firmly under the gopis' control.

11- The gopis became attracted by the sounds of Lord Krishna's flute, and because of that attraction the great festival of the rasa dance occurred. because of this festival all the desires of the Supreme Lord became fulfilled. Because all the Lord's desires were fulfilled, the entire universe became full of joy.

12- playing on the king of Vraja's chest, Lord Krishna appears like a garland of blue lotus petals resting there. How is it possible that this small child has unlimited qualities which even Lord Anantadeva cannot describe with His thousands of voices?

13- Lord Krishna showed Mother Yasoda the entire universe within His body, and He easily lifted Govardhana Hill as if it were a lotus flower in His hand. Although powerful Krishna could act so wonderfully, He still experiences unlimited happiness simply by seeing Shrimati Radharani's louts face. This is certainly very astonishing.

14- Lord Krishna gazed at the form of Shrimati Radharani reflected in the ocean of beauty in His heart, but when one of Radha's rivals stood in Her place, He became immediately horrified and He trembled with anger.

15- Captivated by unparalleled Shrimati Radharani, Lord Hari's mind does not chase after any other gopi. Will a bumble-bee, eager to constantly drink the honey of a great colony of louts flowers ever leave them to go to the flowers of a small vine?

16- By nature the sun is hot, the moon is cool, the earth tolerates anything, the wind is fickle and unsteady, the devotees are saintly and peaceful, the ocean is deep, and Lord Krishna is controlled by love.

17- Although Lord Krishna is very steady-minded, patient, shy, and humble, although He is the greatest exemplar of impeccable good character, although His transcendental form is by nature full of all transcendental bliss, and although all of these good qualities are eternally present within Him and they never decay or lesson, nevertheless, when He sees the face of Shrimati Radharani, He becomes quite beside Himself with love for Her. He trembles with love for Her, and aimlessly wanders about like a madman.

18- If even the chaste minds of Laksmi and the other goddesses of fortune become captivated by a distance glimpse of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, then how can anyone describe the condition of the young girls of Vraja, whose minds are always melting with love for Krishna?

19- The beautiful girls of Vraja worship Lord Krishna offering their perspiration as padya water, their hairs standing up in ecstasy as arghya water, the nectar of their respectful speeches as acamaniya water, the fragrance of their bodies as incense, and their gentle smiles as flowers. The nectar of their embraces and other amorous recreations is the offering of foodstuff they place before the Lord, and the nectar of their kisses is their offering of betel-nuts.

20- Those whose minds are filled with the thirst for material happiness think of Lord Krishna as the best of philanthropists. Those distressed by the troubles of material existence think of Lord Krishna as the most merciful person. The young gopis think of Lord Krishna as cupid personified, and the Lord's enemies think of Him as the incarnation of death. The people of Vraja think of Lord Krishna as their own dear relative. In this way many different classes of people think of Lord Krishna in different ways.

21- I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krishna. An outcast who becomes a devotee of Lord Krishna at once becomes a fully qualified brahmana, and a brahmana averse to Lord Krishna immediately become a degraded outcast. Love for Lord Krishna turns the bitter poison of humbleness into the sweetness nectar. Lord Krishna's fame attracts everyone to him, and makes everyone else seem insignificant in comparison to Him. Separation from Lord krishna transforms the cooling moon into a blazing fire, and the raging fire into nectarean moonlight.

22- If someone says that Lord krishna was cruel to kill Putana and so many of His other enemies, then I say if this is so then why do the greatest poets and philosophers continually glorify Him for His smiling compassion and host of other good qualities?

23- This is not Lord Krishna's form, it is only the Yamuna river. This is not Lord Hari's face, it is actually a lotus flower. These are not Lord Hari's eyes, they are actually a pair of lotus flowers. this is not Lord Hari's curling hair, it is only a swarm of black bees. O gopi-friend, why then are your eyes greedily running after these thing?

24- The minds of the beautiful girls of Vraja were always overcome with various transformations of ecstatic love for Krishna. At first cupid entered their minds and expanded himself within them, and then flute melodies expertly played by the prince of Vraja, also entered their minds.

25- All glories to the sweet flute music played by Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula. That music arouses amorous desires in the hearts of the lotus-eyed gopis, steals away the treasury of their calmness, removes their fear of public opinion, cuts at the root of their pious chastity, and drags them away from their husbands' side. That music causes non-moving entities like trees and flowers to tremble with love of Krishna, and it also causes moving living entities to become stunned in ecstasy.

26- O people, if you say that in this world many men are splendidly decorated with the rare gems of numberless virtues, nectarean mellows of love, charming pastimes, and great riches, and therefore Lord Krishna is not very important among all these men, then I say to you that Lord Krishna, the prince of Vraja, is described by the most elevated sages as the greatest of all persons. He is full of all opulences, and no one can compare with Him.

27- Overwhelmed with love of Krishna, the gopis addressed Krishna's flute in the following words: O dear friend, O cruel flute, on the pretext of producing various musical sounds you are discharging what appears to be at one moment a flood of nectar, and at the next moment a flood of poison. This flood appears to be simultaneously giving us life and killing us. This flood produces within us a mysterious condition that we can neither understand nor bear.

28- The demons yearn after sense-pleasures, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all pleasures to His devotees. The demons greedily run after money, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all wealth to His devotees. The demons aspire to attain a happy situation in life, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who is like the personification of all happiness. The demons desire sovereignty over the world, yet they hate Lord krishna, the master of all the universes. From this we may see that the demons are not very intelligent, for they have become bitter enemies of the only person able to fulfill their desires.

29- Her mind flooded by the swiftly flowing mountain stream of Lord Krishna's transcendental pastimes a certain lotus-eyed girl traveled a little distance from her home. Seeing an old woman, and feeling a hand touch her shoulder, she became frightened until she realized that Krishna had come to her in disguise. She said to Him: Ah, now the rendezvous with  my lover is successful.

30- The hearts of the pious young gopis are all drowned in thinking of Lord Krishna, the hero who lifted Govardhana Hill. Lord Krishna is filled to the depths with all transcendental virtues, and His exemplary good character pleases everyone. He is free from all suffering, and He frees His devotees from all suffering also. His handsome youthfulness has enchanted and stolen away the eyes and hearts of everyone.

31- Lord Hari forcibly took away the demons' lives, Indra's sacrificial offering, and Kaliya's home. Although superficially displeasing to them, these acts become the source of great auspiciousness for all of them.

32- Lord Hari leaves Shrimati Radharani's cottage. His forehead is not only decorated with many designs drawn in the colorful mineral pigments from Govardhana Hill, but it is also marked with the red cosmetics from Shrimati Radharani's feet and lips. As dark as a rain-cloud, Lord Hari's chest is also smeared with the musk from Shrimati Radharani's breasts. For this reason some foolish persons, proud of their expert knowledge of material morality, decline to worship Lord Hari.

33- The treasury of Lord Krishna's sweetness and the treasury of Shrimati Radharani's love for Him, both increase day and night. Radha and Krishna's pastimes in the groves of Vrndavana, and the bliss of their gopi-friends, similarly increase day and night.

34- Lord Krishna's feet are as beautiful as two lotus flowers, His face is as radiant as the moon, His delightful eyebrows are like a swarm of bumble-bees, His charming lips are like nectar, His beautiful restless eyes are like two moving lotus flowers, His splendid teeth are like jasmine buds. His sweet words are like nectar, and the effulgence of His smile is like moonlight.

35- Lord Krishna's hands are like two blossoming flowers, His fingernails are like a line of full moons, His cheeks like two mirrors, and His bodily luster like a dark monsoon-cloud. When the gopis see His lotus face they become like bumble-bees thirsty to drink its nectar. He is like the pleasing moon to the saintly devotees, Those who surrender to Him or offer obeisances to Him, He treats just like His own sons. He is like an ocean of nectar flooding the groves of Vrndavana. He is like a thunderbolt to the demons, and like cupid to the beautiful gopis. No one is as charitable as He. No hero is equal to Him. No one's activities are in any way like His transcendental pastimes. No one is equal to Him in any way. We pray that this Lord krishna, whose lotus face is kissed by the deer-eyed gopis, may protect us.

36- The gopis, who were as beautiful as new creepers, whose breasts were like the fruits of those creepers, whose smiles were like those creepers' flowers, and whose lips were like those creepers new blossoms, were a source of great delight to Lord Krishna.

37- Just as the yogic perfections fulfill the wishes of the great yogis, just as the devotional service of Lord Vishnu fulfills the wishes of the vaishnavas, just as the transcendental cit potency fulfills all the wishes of Lord Narayana, in the same way the vamsi flute fulfills all the wishes of Lord Krishna.

38- Lord Krishnacandra's fame is as sweet as a flood of nectar, as cooling as moonshine, and as purifying as the Ganges river.

39- Lord Krishna's bodily beauty is so great that nothing can be compared to it. Lord Krishna's charming sweetness is so great that even His incomparable beauty cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's host of transcendental qualities are so great that even His charming sweetness cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's exemplary good character is so great that even his host of transcendental qualities cannot be compared to it.

40- Drowning in pure love for Lord Hari, the gopis are situated in the topmost transcendental splendor. More splendid than they, however, is Lord Hari's omniscient expertise, and more splendid than the Lord's expertise is His knowledge of transcendental mellows. Nothing exists which is more splendid than the Lord's knowledge of transcendental mellows.

41- Seeing the wonderful friendship Subala and the other cowherd boys bore for Lord Krishna, and also understanding the secret desire hidden in Lord Krishna's heart, the gopis carefully constructed a nice couch in the grove of Vrndavana forest, brought Lord krishna there, and delighted Him in many ways.

42- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely  opulent and fortunate, for every grove of Vrndavana-forest, in every place along the shore of the Yamuna river, and in every cave of Govardhana Hill, Lord Krishna eternally performs pastimes with the beautiful gopis.

43- The kunkuma powder which anointed the gopis' bodies became rubbed off on Lord krishna's lotus feet, and some of that kunkuma fell from the Lord's soles onto the grasses of Vrndavana. Some aborigine girls took that kunkuma and smeared it on their breasts. In this way they became free from the distressing lust they felt by hearing the sound of Lord Krishna's flute and seeing the beauty of His face.

44- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely fortunate and opulent, for it is the place where the gopis, who are as beautiful as creepers charming vines, whose breasts are like the fruits of those vines, whose smiles are like those vines' flowers, and whose lips are like those vines' new blossoms, brought great transcendental bliss to Lord krishna.

45- The caves of Govardhana Hill are very glorious, for in them even the most degraded persons glorify Lord Hari. In them the beautiful and passionate widows of the demons slain by the Lord celebrate great feasts and orgies with a band of aborigines, and after concluding these horrible activities nevertheless offer prayers praising the spotless transcendental qualities of lord Hari.

46- The asuras said to Kamsa: My dear king, when you are surrounded by us, who are so powerful that we have defeated even the leaders of the demigods, what do you have to fear from this krishna, who is simply a helpless child? When Kamsa heard these words his heart became filled with pride and confidence, but now that Kamsa has met Krishna, I do not know where that pride and confidence have fled?

47- Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities are limitless, His pastimes are limitless, and His glories are limitless. In order to purify myself I have touched a small fragment of the Lord's glories with my words. How can I hope to completely enumerate all the glories of the Lord?

48- By thus diving and surfacing in the transcendental ocean of the description of Lord Hari's qualities, the minds of the male and female parrots blossomed with happiness. They approached their master and mistress, Shri Shri Radha-Krishna, and glorified Their transcendental qualities, begging for the fulfillment of their own spiritual desires in the following words:

49- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. His great beauty criticizes the splendor of the dark cloud, the black anjana ointment and sapphires. Anointed with kunkuma powder, His garments appear like a great sky illuminated by the rising sun and shining bolts of lightning. His beautiful limbs are anointed with sandalwood paste as yellow as the moonlight.

50- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant me the service of His lotus feet, His shark-shaped earrings expertly dance upon His cheeks and the beauty of His face destroys the pride of a multitude of moons and lotus flowers. He is bound by the great and hidden love of the gopis.

51- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. In His eternal youthful form, He is engaged in loving pastimes ( with His devotees). The cowherd boys surround Him and He delights them with His clever joking words. With it's splendor, the forest of Vrndavana, where He performs pastimes, defeats the heavenly Nandana gardens of Lord Indra.

52- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He is delighted by His friends and relatives, who are as if decorated with golden ornaments of pure love for Him. The great demigods who protect different planets in the universe offer obeisances to Him, touching their foreheads to the ground. The brahmanas and spiritual masters continually worship Him.

53- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He easily removed the pride of Indra and the violent anger of Kaliya, and He killed the demons Kamsa and Vatsasura. With the rainfall of His variegated pastimes, He nourishes the cataka birds which are His devotees. With His heroic pastimes, He delights the inhabitants of Vrndavana.

54- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He pleases Shrimati Radharani and the gopis with the nectar of the pastime of the rasa-dance performed in the groves of Vrndavana. With many different playful jokes he delights the gopis. The glory of His loving pastimes engladdens the minds of all the people in the universe.

55- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. By revealing His pastimes of the rasa-dance He also reveals the eternal path of pure devotional service. His great beauty distinguishes Him as the cupid among a multitude of cupids. He emits the sweet fragrance which is a multitude of affectionate sidelong glances aimed at the gopis.

56- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He became delighted by touching Shrimati Radharani on the pretext of placing a garland of flowers upon Her. He became jubilant when He saw Radharani's face which appeared very charming, decorated with the crookedness of pure love. It is as if He were the sandalwood paste which decorates Shrimati Radharani's breasts.

57- Shri Krishna is very dear to Shrimati Radharani, and He become delighted by Her touch, although it is difficult for Laksmi-devi and the other goddesses of fortune to even attain a glimpse of Him. If, by reciting these eight verses, one prays to that Lord Krishna, then Lord will become pleased with that person and engage him in the service of His lotus feet.

58- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. Anointed with kunkuma powder, Her splendid golden complexion removes the pride of the golden lotus flower. Anointed with saffron, Her sweet fragrance chastises the fame of he aroma of the lotus flowers. She is fully qualifies to fulfill all the desire of Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men.

59- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her exquisite and amazing colorful garments chastise the splendor of rubies. She is a garden of blossoming flowers where the maddened bumble-bee krishna performs pastimes. She worships the sun-god to attain the eternal association of Krishna.

60- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her charming delicateness suppresses the fame of the blossoming flowers. Her cooling form is worthy of being served by the moon, sandalwood paste, lotus flowers and camphor, and when She touches Shri Krishna, the master of the gopis, She dispels the burning heat of His desires.

61- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Although the youthful gopis are worshiped by the entire universe, they worship the goddess of fortune named Radharani. She has no peer in the matter of beauty, youthfulness or other opulences, and in loving pastimes, no one is equal to Her.

62- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. She is a learned scholar in the transcendental arts headed by joking, singing in the rasa-dance. She is decorated with transcendental love of God,great beauty, wonderful garments and ornaments, and innumerable transcendental qualities. Even among the gopis, who are praised by the entire universe, She is the best.

63- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. She possesses the eternal opulences of youthful beauty, eternal pastimes, and eternal love of krishna. She causes the gopis, who are all in love with Krishna, to tremble, and She is always attached to meditating on the ornaments, garments, pastimes, and beautiful form of Shri Krishna.

64- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her louts feet. She is decorated with different ecstatic symptoms ( sattvika-bhava ), such as trembling, perspiring, standing up of hairs on the body, tears, and choking up of the voice. She is adorned with different ornaments which are ecstatic emotional transformations, such as impatience, joy and crookedness. She is decorated with beautiful jewels which delight the eyes of krishna.

65- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. If She is separated from Krishna for half a moment, She becomes struck with suffering, unsteadiness and a multitude of other ecstatic symptoms of separation. If, with great effort She regains the association of Krishna, all Her anxieties vanish.

66- Shrimati Radharani is very dear to Krishna, and She is delighted His association. She is accompanied by many jubilant gopi-friends, and is very difficult for Parvati and other exalted ladies to attain even a glimpse of Her. Shrimati Radharani will grant the nectar of Her personal service to that person who glorifies Her by reading these eight verses.

67- The description of Lord Krishna's qualities was like a river of nectar flowing from the mouth of the two parrots. By drinking that nectar the assembled gopis all became immersed in the shoreless ocean of transcendental bliss.

68- Thus ends the seventeenth chapter of Govinda-lilamrta in the matter of the Lord's midday pastimes. Shrila Raghunatha dasa Goswami has ordered me to write this book, which I have been able to do v=by the blessings of Shrila Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami and the saintly association of Shrila Jiva Goswami. I consider this book the ripened fruit of the service I have rendered to Shrila Rupa Goswami, who is like a bumble-bee relishing the honey at the lotus feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.Chapter 17

 

1- On Shrimati Radharani's request, Vrnda-devi stroked the parrot who became very happy in her hand. She instructed the parrots to glorify Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities,and the two parrots spoke the following words to the great delight of the assembled gopis.

2- Even though highly elevated poets and philosophers cannot begin to plumb the limitless ocean of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, I, an insignificant person, am now trying to drink that entire ocean by licking it with my tongue. Although no one is able to break the ripe coconut fruit of the Lord's qualities, this greedy parrot repeatedly strikes it with his beak.

3- This shameless person aspires to completely describe Lord Hari's transcendental qualities. It is as if I wished to swim across the great ocean by the strength of my own arms, It is as if I wished to smash apart Mount Sumeru by striking it with my head. It is as if I wished to carry the sun in my hand.

4- Any tongue purified by tasting a single nectarean drop of Lord Hari's transcendental qualities can never again taste anything else. How can that tongue which tastes the first sweet mango fruits ever try to taste the sharply bitter nimba fruit?

5- When Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula, was an infant, Gargacarya described His supreme auspicious beauty, glory, profundity, and other features of the infinity of His divine qualities. Gargacarya explained to the king of Vraja that child Krishna possessed qualities equal to those of Lord Narayana Himself.

6- Lord Krishna, the conqueror of the demons, has an infinite number of transcendental virtues, such as the great love He bears for His devotees, and the fact that He is completely conquered by the love His devotees bear for Him. Because His virtues are infinite, although the devotees earnestly endeavor day and night to count them one by one, it is not possible for them to count them all.

7- Lord Krishna's beauty is the greatest of all ornaments, His age is always situated in the prime of youth, His strength is so great that it reduces great mountains to small toy balls, His character is spotless, His pastimes enchants the entire universe. His generosity is so great that He is prepared to give even Himself to His devotee, His mercy floods the entire world with nectar, and His fame purifies everything. In this world who is able to completely describe the transcendental qualities of Lord Krishna?

8- Youthfulness, the gopis, beauty, sweetness, amorous pastimes, expertise, purity, charming restlessness, and a host of transcendental virtues, have all attained supreme success because they were accepted by Lord krishna, the prince of the cowherds.

9- The fragrance of musk-scented blue lotus flowers emanates from all the limbs of Lord Krishna. The fragrance of aguru-scented parijata flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's eyebrows, and the hair of His armpits and middle. The fragrance of camphor-scented lotus flowers emanates from Lord Krishna's nose, navel, face, hands, feet, and eyes. All these sweet aromas have become waves in a great ocean of fragrance which is flooding the world in all directions.

10- Lord Hari's transcendental qualities enchant the minds of the gopis, who become filled with love for Him. This love charms Lord Hari's mind and senses, and brings Him very firmly under the gopis' control.

11- The gopis became attracted by the sounds of Lord Krishna's flute, and because of that attraction the great festival of the rasa dance occurred. because of this festival all the desires of the Supreme Lord became fulfilled. Because all the Lord's desires were fulfilled, the entire universe became full of joy.

12- playing on the king of Vraja's chest, Lord Krishna appears like a garland of blue lotus petals resting there. How is it possible that this small child has unlimited qualities which even Lord Anantadeva cannot describe with His thousands of voices?

13- Lord Krishna showed Mother Yasoda the entire universe within His body, and He easily lifted Govardhana Hill as if it were a lotus flower in His hand. Although powerful Krishna could act so wonderfully, He still experiences unlimited happiness simply by seeing Shrimati Radharani's louts face. This is certainly very astonishing.

14- Lord Krishna gazed at the form of Shrimati Radharani reflected in the ocean of beauty in His heart, but when one of Radha's rivals stood in Her place, He became immediately horrified and He trembled with anger.

15- Captivated by unparalleled Shrimati Radharani, Lord Hari's mind does not chase after any other gopi. Will a bumble-bee, eager to constantly drink the honey of a great colony of louts flowers ever leave them to go to the flowers of a small vine?

16- By nature the sun is hot, the moon is cool, the earth tolerates anything, the wind is fickle and unsteady, the devotees are saintly and peaceful, the ocean is deep, and Lord Krishna is controlled by love.

17- Although Lord Krishna is very steady-minded, patient, shy, and humble, although He is the greatest exemplar of impeccable good character, although His transcendental form is by nature full of all transcendental bliss, and although all of these good qualities are eternally present within Him and they never decay or lesson, nevertheless, when He sees the face of Shrimati Radharani, He becomes quite beside Himself with love for Her. He trembles with love for Her, and aimlessly wanders about like a madman.

18- If even the chaste minds of Laksmi and the other goddesses of fortune become captivated by a distance glimpse of Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities, then how can anyone describe the condition of the young girls of Vraja, whose minds are always melting with love for Krishna?

19- The beautiful girls of Vraja worship Lord Krishna offering their perspiration as padya water, their hairs standing up in ecstasy as arghya water, the nectar of their respectful speeches as acamaniya water, the fragrance of their bodies as incense, and their gentle smiles as flowers. The nectar of their embraces and other amorous recreations is the offering of foodstuff they place before the Lord, and the nectar of their kisses is their offering of betel-nuts.

20- Those whose minds are filled with the thirst for material happiness think of Lord Krishna as the best of philanthropists. Those distressed by the troubles of material existence think of Lord Krishna as the most merciful person. The young gopis think of Lord Krishna as cupid personified, and the Lord's enemies think of Him as the incarnation of death. The people of Vraja think of Lord Krishna as their own dear relative. In this way many different classes of people think of Lord Krishna in different ways.

21- I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krishna. An outcast who becomes a devotee of Lord Krishna at once becomes a fully qualified brahmana, and a brahmana averse to Lord Krishna immediately become a degraded outcast. Love for Lord Krishna turns the bitter poison of humbleness into the sweetness nectar. Lord Krishna's fame attracts everyone to him, and makes everyone else seem insignificant in comparison to Him. Separation from Lord krishna transforms the cooling moon into a blazing fire, and the raging fire into nectarean moonlight.

22- If someone says that Lord krishna was cruel to kill Putana and so many of His other enemies, then I say if this is so then why do the greatest poets and philosophers continually glorify Him for His smiling compassion and host of other good qualities?

23- This is not Lord Krishna's form, it is only the Yamuna river. This is not Lord Hari's face, it is actually a lotus flower. These are not Lord Hari's eyes, they are actually a pair of lotus flowers. this is not Lord Hari's curling hair, it is only a swarm of black bees. O gopi-friend, why then are your eyes greedily running after these thing?

24- The minds of the beautiful girls of Vraja were always overcome with various transformations of ecstatic love for Krishna. At first cupid entered their minds and expanded himself within them, and then flute melodies expertly played by the prince of Vraja, also entered their minds.

25- All glories to the sweet flute music played by Lord Krishna, the moon of Gokula. That music arouses amorous desires in the hearts of the lotus-eyed gopis, steals away the treasury of their calmness, removes their fear of public opinion, cuts at the root of their pious chastity, and drags them away from their husbands' side. That music causes non-moving entities like trees and flowers to tremble with love of Krishna, and it also causes moving living entities to become stunned in ecstasy.

26- O people, if you say that in this world many men are splendidly decorated with the rare gems of numberless virtues, nectarean mellows of love, charming pastimes, and great riches, and therefore Lord Krishna is not very important among all these men, then I say to you that Lord Krishna, the prince of Vraja, is described by the most elevated sages as the greatest of all persons. He is full of all opulences, and no one can compare with Him.

27- Overwhelmed with love of Krishna, the gopis addressed Krishna's flute in the following words: O dear friend, O cruel flute, on the pretext of producing various musical sounds you are discharging what appears to be at one moment a flood of nectar, and at the next moment a flood of poison. This flood appears to be simultaneously giving us life and killing us. This flood produces within us a mysterious condition that we can neither understand nor bear.

28- The demons yearn after sense-pleasures, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all pleasures to His devotees. The demons greedily run after money, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who gives all wealth to His devotees. The demons aspire to attain a happy situation in life, yet they hate Lord Krishna, who is like the personification of all happiness. The demons desire sovereignty over the world, yet they hate Lord krishna, the master of all the universes. From this we may see that the demons are not very intelligent, for they have become bitter enemies of the only person able to fulfill their desires.

29- Her mind flooded by the swiftly flowing mountain stream of Lord Krishna's transcendental pastimes a certain lotus-eyed girl traveled a little distance from her home. Seeing an old woman, and feeling a hand touch her shoulder, she became frightened until she realized that Krishna had come to her in disguise. She said to Him: Ah, now the rendezvous with  my lover is successful.

30- The hearts of the pious young gopis are all drowned in thinking of Lord Krishna, the hero who lifted Govardhana Hill. Lord Krishna is filled to the depths with all transcendental virtues, and His exemplary good character pleases everyone. He is free from all suffering, and He frees His devotees from all suffering also. His handsome youthfulness has enchanted and stolen away the eyes and hearts of everyone.

31- Lord Hari forcibly took away the demons' lives, Indra's sacrificial offering, and Kaliya's home. Although superficially displeasing to them, these acts become the source of great auspiciousness for all of them.

32- Lord Hari leaves Shrimati Radharani's cottage. His forehead is not only decorated with many designs drawn in the colorful mineral pigments from Govardhana Hill, but it is also marked with the red cosmetics from Shrimati Radharani's feet and lips. As dark as a rain-cloud, Lord Hari's chest is also smeared with the musk from Shrimati Radharani's breasts. For this reason some foolish persons, proud of their expert knowledge of material morality, decline to worship Lord Hari.

33- The treasury of Lord Krishna's sweetness and the treasury of Shrimati Radharani's love for Him, both increase day and night. Radha and Krishna's pastimes in the groves of Vrndavana, and the bliss of their gopi-friends, similarly increase day and night.

34- Lord Krishna's feet are as beautiful as two lotus flowers, His face is as radiant as the moon, His delightful eyebrows are like a swarm of bumble-bees, His charming lips are like nectar, His beautiful restless eyes are like two moving lotus flowers, His splendid teeth are like jasmine buds. His sweet words are like nectar, and the effulgence of His smile is like moonlight.

35- Lord Krishna's hands are like two blossoming flowers, His fingernails are like a line of full moons, His cheeks like two mirrors, and His bodily luster like a dark monsoon-cloud. When the gopis see His lotus face they become like bumble-bees thirsty to drink its nectar. He is like the pleasing moon to the saintly devotees, Those who surrender to Him or offer obeisances to Him, He treats just like His own sons. He is like an ocean of nectar flooding the groves of Vrndavana. He is like a thunderbolt to the demons, and like cupid to the beautiful gopis. No one is as charitable as He. No hero is equal to Him. No one's activities are in any way like His transcendental pastimes. No one is equal to Him in any way. We pray that this Lord krishna, whose lotus face is kissed by the deer-eyed gopis, may protect us.

36- The gopis, who were as beautiful as new creepers, whose breasts were like the fruits of those creepers, whose smiles were like those creepers' flowers, and whose lips were like those creepers new blossoms, were a source of great delight to Lord Krishna.

37- Just as the yogic perfections fulfill the wishes of the great yogis, just as the devotional service of Lord Vishnu fulfills the wishes of the vaishnavas, just as the transcendental cit potency fulfills all the wishes of Lord Narayana, in the same way the vamsi flute fulfills all the wishes of Lord Krishna.

38- Lord Krishnacandra's fame is as sweet as a flood of nectar, as cooling as moonshine, and as purifying as the Ganges river.

39- Lord Krishna's bodily beauty is so great that nothing can be compared to it. Lord Krishna's charming sweetness is so great that even His incomparable beauty cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's host of transcendental qualities are so great that even His charming sweetness cannot be compared to it. Lord Krishna's exemplary good character is so great that even his host of transcendental qualities cannot be compared to it.

40- Drowning in pure love for Lord Hari, the gopis are situated in the topmost transcendental splendor. More splendid than they, however, is Lord Hari's omniscient expertise, and more splendid than the Lord's expertise is His knowledge of transcendental mellows. Nothing exists which is more splendid than the Lord's knowledge of transcendental mellows.

41- Seeing the wonderful friendship Subala and the other cowherd boys bore for Lord Krishna, and also understanding the secret desire hidden in Lord Krishna's heart, the gopis carefully constructed a nice couch in the grove of Vrndavana forest, brought Lord krishna there, and delighted Him in many ways.

42- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely  opulent and fortunate, for every grove of Vrndavana-forest, in every place along the shore of the Yamuna river, and in every cave of Govardhana Hill, Lord Krishna eternally performs pastimes with the beautiful gopis.

43- The kunkuma powder which anointed the gopis' bodies became rubbed off on Lord krishna's lotus feet, and some of that kunkuma fell from the Lord's soles onto the grasses of Vrndavana. Some aborigine girls took that kunkuma and smeared it on their breasts. In this way they became free from the distressing lust they felt by hearing the sound of Lord Krishna's flute and seeing the beauty of His face.

44- The forest of Vrndavana is supremely fortunate and opulent, for it is the place where the gopis, who are as beautiful as creepers charming vines, whose breasts are like the fruits of those vines, whose smiles are like those vines' flowers, and whose lips are like those vines' new blossoms, brought great transcendental bliss to Lord krishna.

45- The caves of Govardhana Hill are very glorious, for in them even the most degraded persons glorify Lord Hari. In them the beautiful and passionate widows of the demons slain by the Lord celebrate great feasts and orgies with a band of aborigines, and after concluding these horrible activities nevertheless offer prayers praising the spotless transcendental qualities of lord Hari.

46- The asuras said to Kamsa: My dear king, when you are surrounded by us, who are so powerful that we have defeated even the leaders of the demigods, what do you have to fear from this krishna, who is simply a helpless child? When Kamsa heard these words his heart became filled with pride and confidence, but now that Kamsa has met Krishna, I do not know where that pride and confidence have fled?

47- Lord Krishna's transcendental qualities are limitless, His pastimes are limitless, and His glories are limitless. In order to purify myself I have touched a small fragment of the Lord's glories with my words. How can I hope to completely enumerate all the glories of the Lord?

48- By thus diving and surfacing in the transcendental ocean of the description of Lord Hari's qualities, the minds of the male and female parrots blossomed with happiness. They approached their master and mistress, Shri Shri Radha-Krishna, and glorified Their transcendental qualities, begging for the fulfillment of their own spiritual desires in the following words:

49- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. His great beauty criticizes the splendor of the dark cloud, the black anjana ointment and sapphires. Anointed with kunkuma powder, His garments appear like a great sky illuminated by the rising sun and shining bolts of lightning. His beautiful limbs are anointed with sandalwood paste as yellow as the moonlight.

50- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant me the service of His lotus feet, His shark-shaped earrings expertly dance upon His cheeks and the beauty of His face destroys the pride of a multitude of moons and lotus flowers. He is bound by the great and hidden love of the gopis.

51- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. In His eternal youthful form, He is engaged in loving pastimes ( with His devotees). The cowherd boys surround Him and He delights them with His clever joking words. With it's splendor, the forest of Vrndavana, where He performs pastimes, defeats the heavenly Nandana gardens of Lord Indra.

52- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He is delighted by His friends and relatives, who are as if decorated with golden ornaments of pure love for Him. The great demigods who protect different planets in the universe offer obeisances to Him, touching their foreheads to the ground. The brahmanas and spiritual masters continually worship Him.

53- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He easily removed the pride of Indra and the violent anger of Kaliya, and He killed the demons Kamsa and Vatsasura. With the rainfall of His variegated pastimes, He nourishes the cataka birds which are His devotees. With His heroic pastimes, He delights the inhabitants of Vrndavana.

54- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He pleases Shrimati Radharani and the gopis with the nectar of the pastime of the rasa-dance performed in the groves of Vrndavana. With many different playful jokes he delights the gopis. The glory of His loving pastimes engladdens the minds of all the people in the universe.

55- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. By revealing His pastimes of the rasa-dance He also reveals the eternal path of pure devotional service. His great beauty distinguishes Him as the cupid among a multitude of cupids. He emits the sweet fragrance which is a multitude of affectionate sidelong glances aimed at the gopis.

56- May Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant to me the service of His lotus feet. He became delighted by touching Shrimati Radharani on the pretext of placing a garland of flowers upon Her. He became jubilant when He saw Radharani's face which appeared very charming, decorated with the crookedness of pure love. It is as if He were the sandalwood paste which decorates Shrimati Radharani's breasts.

57- Shri Krishna is very dear to Shrimati Radharani, and He become delighted by Her touch, although it is difficult for Laksmi-devi and the other goddesses of fortune to even attain a glimpse of Him. If, by reciting these eight verses, one prays to that Lord Krishna, then Lord will become pleased with that person and engage him in the service of His lotus feet.

58- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. Anointed with kunkuma powder, Her splendid golden complexion removes the pride of the golden lotus flower. Anointed with saffron, Her sweet fragrance chastises the fame of he aroma of the lotus flowers. She is fully qualifies to fulfill all the desire of Shri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men.

59- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her exquisite and amazing colorful garments chastise the splendor of rubies. She is a garden of blossoming flowers where the maddened bumble-bee krishna performs pastimes. She worships the sun-god to attain the eternal association of Krishna.

60- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Her charming delicateness suppresses the fame of the blossoming flowers. Her cooling form is worthy of being served by the moon, sandalwood paste, lotus flowers and camphor, and when She touches Shri Krishna, the master of the gopis, She dispels the burning heat of His desires.

61- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. Although the youthful gopis are worshiped by the entire universe, they worship the goddess of fortune named Radharani. She has no peer in the matter of beauty, youthfulness or other opulences, and in loving pastimes, no one is equal to Her.

62- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of her lotus feet. She is a learned scholar in the transcendental arts headed by joking, singing in the rasa-dance. She is decorated with transcendental love of God,great beauty, wonderful garments and ornaments, and innumerable transcendental qualities. Even among the gopis, who are praised by the entire universe, She is the best.

63- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. She possesses the eternal opulences of youthful beauty, eternal pastimes, and eternal love of krishna. She causes the gopis, who are all in love with Krishna, to tremble, and She is always attached to meditating on the ornaments, garments, pastimes, and beautiful form of Shri Krishna.

64- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her louts feet. She is decorated with different ecstatic symptoms ( sattvika-bhava ), such as trembling, perspiring, standing up of hairs on the body, tears, and choking up of the voice. She is adorned with different ornaments which are ecstatic emotional transformations, such as impatience, joy and crookedness. She is decorated with beautiful jewels which delight the eyes of krishna.

65- May Shrimati Radharani grant to me the service of Her lotus feet. If She is separated from Krishna for half a moment, She becomes struck with suffering, unsteadiness and a multitude of other ecstatic symptoms of separation. If, with great effort She regains the association of Krishna, all Her anxieties vanish.

66- Shrimati Radharani is very dear to Krishna, and She is delighted His association. She is accompanied by many jubilant gopi-friends, and is very difficult for Parvati and other exalted ladies to attain even a glimpse of Her. Shrimati Radharani will grant the nectar of Her personal service to that person who glorifies Her by reading these eight verses.

67- The description of Lord Krishna's qualities was like a river of nectar flowing from the mouth of the two parrots. By drinking that nectar the assembled gopis all became immersed in the shoreless ocean of transcendental bliss.

68- Thus ends the seventeenth chapter of Govinda-lilamrta in the matter of the Lord's midday pastimes. Shrila Raghunatha dasa Goswami has ordered me to write this book, which I have been able to do v=by the blessings of Shrila Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami and the saintly association of Shrila Jiva Goswami. I consider this book the ripened fruit of the service I have rendered to Shrila Rupa Goswami, who is like a bumble-bee relishing the honey at the lotus feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.