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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Jiva Goswami > Gopala Champu > Second Champu > Thirty-fourth Purana

Thirty-fourth Purana (incomplete)

The Decoration of Shri Shri Radha-Krishna


          1. As before, the two narrations given in two different assemblies, I have here compressed into a single narration.

          2. Madhukantha said: The associates of the bride and groom joyfully passed the entire night in singing, dancing, and other like activities.  Then, as if a single moment had passed, dawn arrived. Even though that night seemed to the bride and groom to be only as long as an eyeblink, in reality that night was as long as a thousand yugas.

          3. The associates of the bride and groom were rapt in meditation (samadhi). It was as if in meditation they saw the auspicious wedding with their own eyes. Thinking and thinking, they were now agitated at heart. They thought, "Dawn has come. On this day the wedding will be."

          4. The wedding party stayed awake the entire night. When dawn's red light filled Vraja, there was a great tumult of many musical instruments. The contemporary friends of Shri Radha approached Her. The contemporary friends of Shri Krishna approached Him. Then there were ritual baths and other glorious and auspicious activities.

          5. Now I will describe the activities that followed the ritual bathing of all-blissful Shri Radha.

          6. Her glorious complexion fair, Her garments red, and Her new youthfulness effulgent, Shri Radha, delighting Her friends, and graceful like a crescent moon in its second night, shone with great splendor.

          7. Shri Radha's limbs glistened like lightning. Shri Radha's hair was like a dark monsoon cloud with lightning. Shri Radha's neck and other limbs are like the winding tendrils of a golden sura-lata vine. Shri Radha's face graced with many black and curly locks of hair is like a lotus encircled by black bees.  Shri Radha's forehead is like a half-moon. Shri Radha's eyes are like two stars. Shri Radha's eyebrows are like two archer's bows. Shri Radha's nose is like a graceful arrow. Shri Radha's ears are like the tips of the tendrils of two golden vines. Shri Radha's cheeks are like two round fruits borne by that vine. Shri Radha's mouth is like a golden cup with rubies around its circle top. Shri Radha's teeth are like pearls fallen from a cloud. Shri Radha's gentle smile is like the sweet fragrance of vine that bears flowers of poetic words. Shri Radha's lips are like flower petals. Shri Radha's breasts are like an abode of inconceivable glorious beauty. Shri Radha's breasts are like two inconceivable waterpots made of priceless jewels. Shri Radha's abdomen is like an ashvattha leaf. The line of hairs on Shri Radha's body is like a graceful line drawn upon it. Shri Radha's waist is like an altar built by Vishvakarma, the demigods' architect. Shri Radha's navel is like a deep and holy pilgrimage lake. Shri Radha's two legs, anointed with various colors, and graceful like the most graceful elephant's trunk, are clothed in wonderful and colorful garments that reach to Her glorious feet. Shri Radha's feet glorious with the effulgence of Her toenails are like two glorious blossoming flowers anointed with cooling drops of mist. Shri Radha's arms are like two soft golden-lotus stems. Shri Radha's hands are like two lotus flowers. In this way Shri Radha's form is splendid and beautiful.

          8. Shri Radha's hair is curly and graceful. Shri Radha's hair is gracefully dishevelled. Shri Radha's tilaka is perfect, unbroken, graceful, and glorious with various colors. Shri Radha's earrings are reflected in the two blue lotus flowers Her eyes. Shri Radha's smile is reflected in the pearl-ring on Her nose. A necklace enjoys pastimes on Shri Radha's  breasts. A whispering belt of jangling bells glistens over Shri Radha's garments. Shri Radha's neck, arms, and other limbs are decorated with tilaka and with many glorious ornaments. What more can I say? Shri Radha's graceful head is the ultimate ornament, the ornament that decorates all the other parts of Her body.

          9. The gopi-maidservants decorating Shri Radha were stunned with wonder. Quickly and expertly they decorated Her.

          10. Seeing Shri Radha sublime splendor, the moon burned with envy. Those flames of envy in the moon's heart must have left marks now visible on the moon's surface. This I think.


          56. Her heart filled with thirst to meet Shri Krishna, Shri Radha gracefully joked with her gopi-friends. "The sun has not risen yet!", She exclaimed. Actually the dawn had become as long as a kalpa.

          57. Now I will describe the groom's (Shri Krishna's) journey to visit the bride's house. So the readers may come to yearn to meet Krishna, I will now describe Shri Krishna's handsomeness and the glory of His garments, ornaments, and other like paraphernalia

          58. Shri Krishna is the handsome king of bridegrooms. He is the king of all who are dark and handsome like glittering sapphires. The limbs of His body bathed to prepare for His wedding, He was glorious with effulgent handsomeness.

          59. I have no power to describe how Shri Krishna has all splendor, all handsomeness, all sweet fragrance, and all soft and delicate grace. Is He decorated by ornaments, or is He Himself the ornament that makes the ornaments look beautiful? Are similes and metaphors to spoken comparing Him to other beautiful things, or should beautiful things be described by comparing them to Him? Is He perceived by the eyes and other senses, or is He the creator the eyes and other senses? He does not walk on the path of being understood by the speculative activities of the material mind. Of Shri Krishna it may be said, "Shri Krishna's face is like Shri Krishna's face. Nothing can compare to it." In this way the ananvaya-upama metaphor may happily be used to describe Shri Krishna. As it was said of Shri Krishna's face, so it may also be said, "Shri Krishna's eyes are like Shri Krishna's eyes. Nothing can compare to them." It may also be said, "Shri Krishna's face defeats the lotus flower." It may also be said, "the effulgence of Shri Krishna's teeth is like Shri Krishna's gentle smile." Or it may also be said, "Shri Krishna's gentle smile is like the effulgence of Shri Krishna's teeth." These statements mean, "Shri Krishna's splendor eclipses all other splendors. This kind of metaphor is called "upameyopamana". With this figure of speech it is asserted that Shri Krishna is more glorious than all else and thus cannot be rightly compared to anything but Himself. It may also be said, "Shri Krishna's face reminds us of Shri Radha's face. It is like a duplicate of Shri Radha's face." Or it may also be said, "Shri Krishna's eyes remind us of Shri Radha's eyes." In this way Shri Krishna's glorious handsomeness is described by the verbal ornament called "smarana-alankara". Still, Shri Krishna is so glorious He makes us forget all verbal ornaments. He is a kingdom of glorious handsomeness. He shines with great splendor. 

          60-108. Now Shri Krishna's ritual bath (abhisheka), which attracts everyone, and which is like a monsoon of nectar showered on the eyes of the world, will be described.  Shri Krishna's forehead is the tilaka marking on the half-moon. Shri Krishna's round face is an umbrella to push away the dark monsoon cloud's pride. Shri Krishna's The splendors of the smiles on Shri Krishna's two eyes filled with restless sidelong glances are two camaras. Shri Krishna's all-attractive face, which brings all under His spell, defeats the great multitude of the kings of kings. The heroic power of Shri Krishna's new youthfulness makes every heart tremble. Shri Krishna's thrice-bending eyebrows are two archer's bows. Shri Krishna's nose is like the nose of Garuda, the king of birds. Shri Krishna's nose is a glorious arrow. Shri Krishna's gracefully curving ears are two nooses of curling ropes. Shri Krishna long and broad arms are two iron maces. Shri Krishna's fingernails are sharp ankusha weapons. Shri Krishna's neck, which is marked with three lines, and which makes all the worlds yearn for His association, is the king of conchshells. The multitude of auspicious signs, beginning with the sign of the cakra, that mark the palms of Shri Krishna's hands and the soles of His feet are Shri Krishna's cakra-weapon. Shri Krishna's glistening broad thighs are two victory pillars. Shri Krishna's broad hips are the circle of a great country. Shri Krishna's glistening deep navel is a lake of lotus flowers. Shri Krishna's very handsome abdomen is a palace where three graceful folds of skin (tri-bali) reside. Shri Krishna wonderful and glorious lotus eyes are two cintamani jewels. Shri Krishna's chest, where Goddess Lakshmi makes her home, is the inner room of a glorious palace. Shri Krishna's graceful and glorious feet are an abode of blisses for every living being.