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Seventeenth Purana


Playing the Flute and Calling the Gopis


1. Then, as before, at the glorious evening assembly, eager Madhukantha said: After Krishna had killed Dhenukasura, Krishna’s activities attracted the gopis, As a lotus bud grows day after day and begins to blossom, so the gopis longing to attain Krishna grew day after day. Because Radha is most exalted of all the gopis, Her name is linked with Lord Krishna’s name, and They are called together by the words Radha-Madhava.

2. Radha and Krishna yearned to meet, gaze at each other, and embrace. Some people opposed these desires and struggled to thwart them. Still, Radha and Krishna were overcome with passionaate love for each other. Although They lived far away from each other, They had fallen deeply in love.

3. Fallen in love, Radha and Krishna were like two glistening mirrors. They were reflected in each other’s thoughts..

4. Again and again They secretly gazed at each other. When Krishna saw Radha He was filled with bliss. When Radha saw Krishna She was filled with bliss.

5. The teenage gopis yearned to attain Krishna, but He was difficult to attain. Then autumn passed. The month of Margashirsha (November-December came, and the young gopis went to their husbands’ houses.

6. Agitated at heart, Parnamasi said that the mothers and fathers of the teenage gopis were not at all happy to give their daughters to husbands other than Krishna. Indeed, that action filled them with sorrow. Fearing the censure of others for departing from religious customs, and concealing the true wishes of their hearts, with eyes withered with sorrow, they gave their daughters to husbands other than Krishna.

7. To the gopis’mothers and fathers Paurnamasi said, “You are allaloof and indifferent, but but we must follow our religious duties and return these girls to the homes of their husbands.”

8. Honoring the gopis parents, who had become angry, thinking themselves dishonored, Paurnamasi, who was glorious like a goddess, accepted the parents’ wishes.

9. The glorious teenage gopis were thus sent to the homes of the men who thought themselves their husbands. Their faces covered by the edge of their garments, the girls were honored with great respect.

10. Believing Paurnamasi’spromise to them, the teenage gopis were confident they would attain what they desired and would be protected from what they did not desire. Steady in their determination, the gopis traveled on the pathways. With her own potency Paurnamasi covered them, protected them, concealed their true exalted identities, and brought success to their endeavors. Afterwards she situated them in their homes. In this way the gopis were situated in their so-called husbands’ homes.

11. Because they could not associate with Krishna, the teenage gopis considered their own bodies to be like prison cells. How could these gopis attain happiness in their parents homes? These gopis cursed the homes of their mothers-in-laws. Those homes they considered to be like blazing fires.

12. Because Krishna was far away, these gopis felt all pleasant things to be horrible. Anything unpleasant was to them like being thrown into a pit of snakes.

13. When the gopis were settled in their new homes, Paurnamasi visited them. To dispel their doubts and made them steady, she taught them, “When you think it is right to break the rules of ordinary propriety, you should without doubt flee from your homes. You should be rapt in a trance meditation, and, at the appropriate times you should be willing to flee from your homes.”

14. Having gone from their parents’ homes to live in the homes of their mothers-in-law, the gopis felt they had left the palaces of kings to reside in the homes of their enemies.

15. When they were thwarted, their desire increased. The gopis who had fallen in love with Krishna sighed with sighs that seemed to have become a single gentle breeze.

16. Like flames from the best of kindling, the desire to embrace Krishna burned in their hearts. Carefully they concealed those flames.

17. That Shri Radha is the best of the gopis is described in these words: How can I, who live only for His sake, ever abandon Krishna, whose splendor eclipses the nectarlight moon, whose glories make the devotees always stunned with ecstatic love, whose heart always melts with compassion, who has become the moonlike goal of a host of cakorilike girls with graceful eyebrows? After blocking My honor, the code of religion itself now walks on the pathway of sin.

18. Shri Krishna’s thoughts are given in these words: Alas, Radha, who is the only object of My thoughts and who is My very life, is under the control of another. When it thinks of this, My heart faints unconscious.

19. On how many days did Krishna, rapt in thinking of Radha, wipe the tears from His reddish eyes?

20. Krishna’s yearning to meet with Radha is described in these words: Thinking, “How is it thoughts that jump over the code of religion have now become My dearest friend?”, Krishna sent His splendid glance with a message for Radha.

21. The teenage gopis will later say (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 10.31.2): “My dear Krishna, You are the life and soul even of the lotus flower that grows on the water of lakes made transparent by the clear rains of autumn. Although the lotus flowers are so beautiful, without Your glance they fade away. Similarly, without You, we are also dying.”*

22. The great devotees think Krishna’s sidelong glance on them is the final result of following the scriptures. Aha! The teenage gopis thought Krishna’s sidelong glance on them was like the attack of a weapon.

23. Day and night flames of love for Krishna burned in the teenage gopis’ hearts. The sight of Krishna at morning and sunset brought happiness that was like ghee being poured on that fire, ghee that doubled the flames.

24. When He departed Vraja for the forest and when He returned from the forest to Vraja, Krishna, glorious like the moon, exchanged glances with Vraja’s people. At those times Radha became glorious like the star Anuradha shining on a full-moon night among Krishna’s assembled gopi-beloveds.

25. Krishna’s departure for the forest in the morning is described in these words: Holding their hands, Krishna pretends to joke with His gopa friends while He casts half-half crooked amorous glances at the teenage gopis. He playfully hugs His gopa friends. Aha! With the music of His flute He sends secret messages to the gopis.

26. The teenage gopis will later say (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 10.31.10): ”Your smiles, Your sweet loving glances, the intimate pastimes and confidential talks we enjoyed with You—all these are auspicious to meditate upon, and they touch our hearts. But at the same time, O deceiver, they very much agitate our minds.”***

27. Krishna’s return from the forest at sunset is described in these words: When Krishna returns to Vraja, the gopis lovingly gaze at the lotus flower of His face, which is encricled by the black bees of His curly hair and covered by dust raised by the cows’ hooves. When the black bees of the gopis eyes send glances to meet the lotus flower of Krishna’s face, the gopis at once find themselves caught in the trap Kamadeva has set for them.

28. The gopis will later say (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 10.31.12): “O Krishna, when You return from the pasturing ground with the animals, we see Your face covered by Your curly hair and dusted by the hoof-dust of the cows. We see Your mildly smiling face, and our desire to enjoy You increases.”*

29. Day after day Krishna and the gopis competed in this game of mutual glances. Day after day the gopis’ longing to associate with Krishna increased more and more. When springtime arrived the gopis very passionately yearned to associate with Krishna.

30. The following words describe the gopis’condition on the sunset of the day the demon Pralamba was killeed (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 10.19.16): ”The young gopis took the greatest pleasure in seeing Govinda come home, since for them even a moment  without His association seemed like a hundred ages.”***.

31. The meaning of these words is explained in the following verse: How can anyone have the power to describe the bliss the gopis felt when they saw Krishna? It is possible only to understand a slight part of that bliss. In Krishna’s absence the gopis felt every moment to be like a hundred yugas. In the same way, in Krishna’s presence a hundred yugas becomes for them like a single glistening moment.

32. If, separated from Krishna, the gopis felt every moment like a hundred yugas, then we fear to try to know how they measured their days and nights.

33. When the summer, with its dawns that looked like red roses finally somehow came to an end, multitudes of thundering monsoon clouds delighted the peacocks.

34. Filled with passionate longings, the gopis were always rapt in talking of Krishna. Then splendid monsoon clouds and lightning brought a great darkness.

35. From summer was born hot weather that was uncomfortable for the teenage gopis who had fallen in lovge with Krishna. “With the coming of the monsoon season this hot weather will end,” the gopis decided. They decided that the weather would certainly change.

36. Meanwhile the gopis made a second monsoon with the tears from their eyes. The dark monsoon cloud of Krishna appeared in their hearts, and the flooding rains of their tears mocked the ordinary monsoon outside.

37. To the gopis who passionately longed for Krishna’s association, the peacocks’ extended tails glistened like Kamadeva’s half-moon arrows.

38. Because they bring coolness and many other benefits, the monsoon rains pacified the the gopis’ hearts. Still, the gopis were contrary. They hated and feared the monsoon rains. Ah! The friend was considered an enemy! Ah! Ah! Why does destiny move in that way?

39. The gopis locked up in their homes when they tried to go to Krishna thought in their hearts, “Krishna, who, as it rains and rains during the monsoon season plays with His gopa friends amongs the tree-roots, dates, and fruits, who, sitting on a rock at the water’s edge, enjoys pastimes of eating yogurt and other foods for lunch, and who calls the cows from far away, has broken our hearts.”

40. During the terrible monsoon season, when their ability to see Krishna became stopped, Krishna’s gopi beloveds, who delighted everyone, whose eyes were graceful and playful like khanjana birds, and who in their hearts had attained a great glory of pure love for Krishna, were now plunged in the great darkness of despair.

41. The gopis spoke these fearful words: “The clouds proudly thunder. With lightning-bolt teeth they chew up the ground.”

42. Ah! How surprising are the many ways of love! This seemingly unfavorable situation of separation from Krishna became favorable, for it nourished the love the gopis, who all praise Shri Radha, felt for Krishna.

43. Watching the monsoon rains, Radha thought: ”O lightning flash, how many austerities did you perform in the past? Please tell that to Me. O friend, you must have performed many austerities, for you always enjoy pastimes with the monsoon cloud, who so closely resembles Krishna’s glorious chest.”

44. Talking to a gopi-friend, Radha accidentally revealed Her heart and then tried to pretend She meant something different than what She actually said. That is seen in the following conversation:

Radha: Aha! Look! Embracing the dark monsoon cloud, the restless lightning flash enjoys many pastimes.

Gopi-friend: Do You remember Your amorous pastimes with Krishna?

Radha: No! No! I am describing the monsoon season.

45. Here is another like conversation:

Radha: When the monsoon clouds come, then a great opulence of green (hari) grassy meadows fills the eyes.

Gopi-friend: O Radha, do You long after Hari?

Radha: No! No! Krishna hates the glory of the green grasses.

46. The sweetnessof the peacocks’ graceful dancing always delights peacock-fether-crowned Krishna. The peacock does not ask why Krishna has now forgotten to wear His peacock-fether-crown.

Translator’s note: Overcome with feelings of separation from Radha, Krishna now neglects His appearance, paying no attention to graceful garments and ornaments.

47. When the unfavorable monsoon season departed, the Autumn came. This is described in the following words: The gopis thought, ”Autumn will come now. Now the skies will be clear.” Still, the gopis hearts did not become clear. Their hearts became twice as dark with passionate love for Krishna.

48. Nolonger seeing the rainclouds and lightning that She saw before, Radha was tormented by flames of sorrow.

Translator’s note: The dark rainclouds and yellow lightning reminded Radha of Krishna’s dark form and yellow garments and thus brought Her some solace. No longer seeing the things that reminded Her of Krishna, Radha became sorrowful.

49. With their fingernails Radha and Krishna each wrote a stanza on a new leaf. The breeze carried Radha’s stanza to Krishna and Krishna’s stanza to Radha.

50. Radha’s stanza was: ”The lightning flashes, who consider the monsoon clouds their very life, must have performed many pious deeds i  their past lives, for they are always seen with their beloved clouds and their are never seen without them.”

51. Krishna’s stanza was: ”In Vrindavana the glistening moon has now come out from behind the clouds, and a swan now plays with a blue lotus. Alas! Destiny is cruel, for I do not see My beloved anywhere.”

52. By destiny, Radha and Krishna obtained each other’s stanzas. Again and again They embraced the stanzas. They wept. The each made the stanza a jewel ornament pressed against Their desolate golden hearts.

53. In autumn the waters, lilies, lotuses, and moonlight all quickly blossom with glory. But the gopis’ hearts, eyes, faces, and glistening teeth all become darkened with passionate love for Krishna. How can the gopis tolerate this terrible situation?

54. (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 10.20.45): ”When there are ample blooming flowers in the gardens of the forest, the fresh aropmatic breeze gives a great relief to the person who has suffered during the summer and rainy seasons. Unfortunately, such breezes could not give any relief to the gopis because opf their herarts’ dedication to Krishna. People in general might have taken pleasure in that nice autumn breeze, but the gopis, not being embraced by Krishna, were not very satisfied.”*

55. Krishna’s handsomeness, dark splendor, sweetness, and flood of nectar pastimes all seemed like deadly poison to Krishna’s gopi-beloveds now unable to touch His body.

56. Everyone knows the breeze that carries the fragrance of Krishna’s body is the very life of all the worlds. However, the emaciated gopis suffering in separation from Krishna considered that breeze to be like a shower of swiftly flying arrows.

57. Although their longings to associate with Krishna had attained the highest summit of intensity, the gopis did not reveal them to anyone. The gopis all affirmed, ”I would never do anything to break the rules of religion.” Krishna also affirmed the same thing. Torn by attraction to Krishna and by hesitation also, the gopis were tormented.

58. Seeing no other way to conquer the gopis, who were all afraid of the arrows of His flirting glances, Krishna began to play His flute.

59. Hearing Krishna play the flute, the gopis said (Shrimad-Bhagavatam 10.35.14): ”Krishna knows how to play the flute. He composes His own songs, and to sing them He puts His flute to His mouth. When He plays, either in the morning or in the evening, all the demigods like Lord Shiva, Brahma, Indra, and Candra bow their heads and listen with great attention. Although they are very learned and expert, they cannot understand the musical arrangements of Krishna’s flute. They simply listen attentively and try to understand, but become bewildered and nothing more.”*

60. At first Krishna and His elder brother, Balarama, again and again played graceful duets on Their flutes.

61. As He took care of the cows in the splendid forest, with His many glorious qualities Krishna filled His gopa friends with wonder. Accompanied by His elder brother, day after day He practiced playing the flute, displaying His supreme skill. At this time the full glory of His form became manifested before the teenage gopis.

62. In this way Krishna manifested the glory of His form to the far-away gopis. The natural glory of the gopis’ love for Krishna then became manifested.

63. From hearing the sound of Krishna’s flute, the gopis could infer the existence of all His other virtues. In this way it is seen that Krishna’s gopi-beloveds were actually great philosophers learned in logic and inference.

64. Separated from Krishna, and their hearts anointed with the oil of love for Him, the suffering gopis became dry and withered. But nowe that autumn had come, the gopis were not as sorrowful as they had been before.

65. Radha’s friends included Lalita, Vishakha, and others. Candravali’s friends included Shaibya, Padma, and others. They declared their the friendhsip in their hearts. Also, although only in a concealed way, and carefully mentioning Balarama also, they began to talk about Krishna.

66. The gopis sang the following song.

A Song


ramo ramanuja iti yugalam

krita-nata-veshataya patu rajati gayati sakhi-gana-yugalam


As Their friends sing, Balarama and His younger brother Krishna expertly dance.



nava-yauvana-vana-bijankuram iva dharayad atanu-cikirsham


Their splendid heads are crowned with beautiful mango flowers. Their amorous desires are like a new sprout rising from a seed in the forest of Their fresh youthfulness.



dadhad iva hari-dhanur-anugata-taravali-valitambuda-lesham


Decorated with many beautiful jewels and peacock feathers, Their hair is like small dark clouds with stars and rainbows.


valayita-nava dalad-utpala-karnika-karna-yugadbhuta-shobham

latika kasav iti vismaya-kriti-madhukriti-vinihita-lobham


Their wonderfully beautiful curling ears are like the whorls of newly blossomed lotus flowers. When the bumblebees see these flower-ears, They become filled with desire to drink their honey. They become struck with wonder and say: ”What vine has borne these flowers?”


hasta-kamalam abhi kamala-vighurnana-ramana-kala-ramaniyam

madhupa-ganam prati madhu-kana-varshanam akrita yatah kamaniyam


Their reddish hands are handsome, gracefully moving lotus flowers that shower drops of nectar on the bumblebees.





Attracted by the sweet fragrance of Their flower garlands, the buzzing bees offer a great tumult of jubilant prayers.


sitam asitam vapur asitam pitam vasanam yasya ca gitam

tad idam yadi gokulam anu gokulam ayati tadagham atitam


Their glorious forms are light and dark and Their splendid garments are also light and dark. If They follow the surabhi cows into Gokula Village, then all our sufferings will end.

67. For the purpose of causing the people there to fall in love with Him, Krishna stayed in the area around Gokula.

68. Surrounded by Their friends and cows, the two brothers, Krishna and Balarama, are now seen in the land of Vraja. They are the best object of vision for all beings that have eyes. Their faces are like gracweful lotus flowers. Their flute-music is splendid. Their eyes are filled with restless glances.

69. This is seen in the following words of A gopi:  O gopi-friend, when playful Krishna returns to Vraja with His friends and cows, He casts glances at us from the corners of His eyes. Those arrow-glances have now wounded our hearts.”

70. In the eyes, the most glorious eyes, of a girl, a supremely saintly and respectable girl, stands the flute-player Kamadeva-Krishna, who is indeed Kamadeva Himself.

71. Krishna made the gopis gradually aspire more and more to attain His association. Gradually He dispelledf their shyness. Although He was already the master of all arts, He had His brother Balarama teach Him how to play the flute. The moment He was taught, Krishna produced the most enchanting melodies on His flute.

72. Fearful that they may accidentally reveal their love for Krishna, the goddesslike vraja-gopis said of Krishna and Balarama: ”Carrying ropes and sticks, playing in the forest, protecting the cows, and enjoying other like pastimes, Krishna and Balarama play Their flutes. Their flute melodies make moving beings stunned and motionless and and unmoving beings filled with restless activitiy. The two brothers have reversed the natures of the living beings.”

73. The gopis also said:”Krishna and Balarama change the nature of every living being. Krishna especially has uprooted the nature of us gopis.”

74. As Krishna and Balarama played enchanting melodies on Their flutes, Krishna thought, ”Aha! I have enchanted and attracted the gopis. Especially I have attracted the gopi named Radha. The living entities take birth in various species of life. Gradually I teach them the spiritual truth. Eventually, when they yearn to hear them, I will play my flute melodies so their hearts can hear.”

75. Krishna thought in this way. Then He wished to test the responses of the different living entities. First He brought the lower living beings under His spell. Then, one by one, He brought the higher beings under His spell. Finally He made the gopis’ hearts wild with bliss.

76. The cows’ response when for the first time they hear Krishna’s flute melodies is described in these words: Pretending to be the music of a flute placed to Krishna’s mouth, a shower of nectar falls.With the toongues of their ears, the cows drink that shower of nectar. Their actuual tongues are stunned. They have stopped eating grass. Their opnly thought is, ”What is that? What is that? What is that? What  is that?”

77. The gopis said: ”By hearing the melodies of Krishna’s flute, we gopis attain a condition like that of the cows when they hear Krishna’s flute. Still, there is a difference between us and the cows. The cows respond by gazing in Krishna’s moonlike face at every moment. We gopis cannot gaze at Krishna’s face in that way. In what yuga will we be able to always gaze at His face?”

78. By playing melodies on His flute, Krishna enchants and attracts the various forest creatures. It si said: When Krishna plays His flute the birds and beasts of the forest are all enchanted.

79. The gopis said: ”The fame of Vrndavana forst is spread over the entire earth. Placing on it ther glory of the touch of His lotus feet, Krishna enjoys pastimes in Vrndavana. Hearing the music of Krishna’s flute, the peacocks and other forest creatures assemble together and dance. Indeed, they have transformed Vrndavana forest into a great dancing arena.”

80. The gopis also said:”We gppis have no power to describe the sacred glory of Vrndavana forest. The peacocks and other creatures who reside in Vrndavana forest, creatures who perform great pious deeds at every moment, are worthy of being worshiped by us gopis. We gopis are only householders living in our houses. We do not live in Vrndavana forest. We are very wretched. Of what good are we? The forest creatures can gaze at Krishna as much as they like, but us gopis cannot even gaze on His shadow.”

81. On another day the does leave their mates and run to Krishna. As was the previous verse, this verse is spoken by a gopi: ”O gopi-friend, how wonderful this is! Hearing the sweet music of Krishna’s flute, the does have become enchanted. Abandoning their stag mates, they run to Krishna. With sidelong glances they lovingly worship Krishna.”

82. The gopis also said: ”By birth we are women. Many virtuous people honor us will all respect. Our husbands are famous in Vraja for their sincere affection for Krishna. These does are not like us at all. Accompanied by their husbands, they freely approach Krishna. Fie on us impious gopis! In no way are we as fortunate as these does.”

83. Seeing some birds attracted by Krishna’s flute-music, the gopis said: ”We think the birds in this forest must be great sages and Krishna must be their guru. If this were not so, then why would this birds silently listen as Krishna plays on His flute?”

84. In the following wrods the gopis describe these birds as sannyasis: ”Krishna is a great sage in the center, and the birds around Him on all sides are also great sages. These bird-sages have no material desires.”

85. On another day some demigoddesses become attracted by the music of Krishna’s flute. The gopis describe them in these words: ”As they flew nearby in their airplanes, the goddesses wwere attracted by the music of Krishna’s flute.Gazing at the splendid charming handsomeness of Krishna’s form, they were all encghanted. Never had they seen or heard of anyone handsome like Him. As they gazed at Him, their braids and all else became dishevelled and undone. Were any of them not attracted?”

86. Of these demigoddesses the gopis also said:  These demigoddesses were completely enchanted by Krishna’s flute-music. Who are we poor souls, that we are so fortunate as to have taken birth as girls in Krishna’s land of Vraja?”

87. Krishna’s flute music makes the unconsious beings and the beings whose consciousness is worthless attain full spiritual consciousness. These powerless beings then jump over their previous unsconscious state and being to move and walk.

88. In this verse the gopis describe the activities of the rivers when they hear Krishna’s flute-music: ”Hearing Krishna’s flute-music, the rivers become stunned. With blossoming currents and the jangling warbling of swans and other birds, the wild with bliss waves approach Krishna. With the arms and hands of their waves they place a circle of lotus flowers at Krishna’s feet.”

89. Of the rivers the gopis also said:”Ah! Ah! If, abandoning their courses, the rivers, who are all the ocean’s wives, swiftly flow and meet Krishna, then what are we poor gopis in comparison to them? They must have performed many pious deeds. We are not their equal in the slightest way. That is why it is right that we give up our bodies and and thus renounce the happinesses and distresses of this world.”

90. On another day the gopis describe the clouds with these words: ”The raincloud is Krishna’s friend. This si so not only because they have the same dark splendor, but also because they are alike in many other ways and also because they always help each other. Thus when Krishna plays mallara-raga melodies on His flute, the clouds come and shade Him from the burning sunlight.”

91. The gopis also say:”Aha! Look! Even though it is very cool, and even though stays above all else, wuth great love in its heart the raincloud carefully serves Krishna with its shade and its nectar rains. Fie on us wretched gopis very proud of taking shelterof Krishna alone and keeping Him alone in our life’s breath! We are wretched because, even without serving Krishna we somehow remain alive in this world.”

92. Aha! Even though it is made of rocks, and even though it has taken birth as a hill, Govardhana is filled with bliss.This the gopis affirm in the following words: ”Glorious Govardhana Hill is the best of Krishna’s servants. Krishna and Balarama climb it to play theior frlutes on its summit. With the touch of Krishna and Balarama’s lotus feet, Govardhana feels bliss and manifests many symptoms of ecstasy beginning weith the standing erect of the blades of grass that are the hairs on its body. Its entire body it offers in the service of Krishna’s friends and cows.”

93. ”I have heard that the grass on its slopes are Govardhana Hill’s bodily hairs standing erect in ecstasy. If you do not believe that, then look for yourself. Hearing the music of Krishna’s flute, Govardhana Hill glistens with ecstatic love. Krishna’s footprints decorate Govardhana Hill. Certainly they bear witness to Govardhana Hill’s glory.”

94. The gopis also said:”If one boldly yearns to follow the path of the great souls, one should look and see that path is splendidly manifest on the slopes of Govardhana Hill.”

95. Thinking of the gopis, Madhukantha was overcome. His heart was agitated. He spoke broken words in a c choked voice. He covered his face with his garment. Filled with sorrow, he wept. Then he repeated the following mysterious words spoken by Radha:

96. ”This flute must have performed many pious deeds in its past lives, for even though he is male, he shamelessly drinks the nectar of Krishna’s lips, nectar that is the gopis’ property, and as it drinks, the flute loudly sings. When it is satisfied that it has drunk enough, the flute vomits out a host of noisily flowing rivers of nectar, rivers of nectar that make the trees bloom with many flowers and weep with blissful tears of dripping honey.”

97. Radha also said: ”I pray that I may attain the body of a flute. I do not pray to attain the body of a saintly teenage girl. As a flute I will thirstily enjoy many blissful rare pastimes of drinking the nectar of Krishna’s lips. If, as a flute, I become an inanimate object, a being without life or consciousness, then at least I will be free of the sorrowes I feel separated from Krishna.”

98. Radha also said: ”O shark of Krishna’s earrings, you always kiss Krishna’s cheeks. O flute, you always lick Krishna’slips. O flower-garland, you always embrace Krishna’s body. You are all fortunate. Destiny is kind to you. Alas! I am not fortunate. Destiny is not kind to Me. That is why I yearn to attain good fortune like yours.”

99. Radha also said:”The necklaces of pearls, diamonds, asnd jasmine flowers never leave Krishna’s chest. What are we in comparison to these fortunate beings. Alas, we are only girls overcome with Kamadeva’s desires.”

100. Radha again said: ”If dark Krishna does not give His association to others, then I will not burn in flames of sorrow. Alas! How can I bear to watch while Krishna fearlessly hugs His gopa friends?”

101. In this way Krishna’s flute-music conquered all the people of Vraja and made them all fall in love with Krishna. In this way I have described the pastimes of early morning. Folding his palms, Madhukantha again said: O Radha, no one can understand the desires in Your beloved Krishna’s heart.

102. The evening’s narration was thus concluded. Everyone returned to their homes.