|NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Ishana Nagara > Advaita Prakasha > Advaita Acharya Appearance|
The Holy Appearance of Lord Advaita Acharya
shriladvaita gurum vande harinadvaitam eva tam
prakashitam param brahma yo 'vatirnah kshitau harih
“I offer my respectful obeisances to my spiritual master, Shri Advaita Prabhu, who is nondifferent from Lord Hari. He induced the Supreme Lord Hari to manifest in this world.”
antah krishnam bahir goram krishna-chaitanya samjnakam
premabdhim sac-cid-anandam sarva-shaktashrayam bhaje
“I worship Lord Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who is outwardly of a fair complexion but is inwardly Krishna Himself. He is an ocean of love, eternally full of knowledge and bliss, and the origin of all energies.”
shri nityananda-ramam hi dayalum prema-dipakam
gadadharam ca shrivasam vande radhesha sevinam
“I offer my obeisances unto Shri Nityananda Rama, who is most merciful and who illuminates love of God. I offer my obeisances to Gadadhara and Shrivasa, who are engaged in the service of the Lord of Radharani.”
All glories to Shri Chaitanya! All glories to Sitanatha! All glories to Nityananda, along with all the devotees!
When the five-headed Lord Shiva saw Kali-yuga was filled with terrible sins, he thought, “How can I deliver the living entities?” After a long discussion with Yogamaya, he concluded that no one other than Lord Hari could deliver the fallen souls. Sadashiva, who is always joyful at heart, then went to the shore of the Causal Ocean. That great yogi then sat in yogic meditation for seven hundred years, until Maha-Vishnu, the Lord of the universe, was pleased by his severe austerities and appeared before him. When the five-headed Shiva saw Lord Narayana there, he offered many indescribable prayers. Maha-Vishnu then said, “You and I are nondifferent except for our separate bodies.”
Saying this, He embraced Lord Shiva and their two bodies became one. Who could understand His mind? It was most wonderful how they became one form with pure golden effulgent limbs, chanting, “Krishna! Krishna!” Suddenly there was a miraculous voice from the sky saying, “Listen, Maha-Vishnu! You first descend in this form in the womb of Labha, later I will descend in the district of Nadia in the house of Shaci and Jagannatha. Balarama and other devotees will also take birth in order to deliver the living entities.”
On hearing this, Maha-Vishnu, who is nondifferent from Lord Shiva, entered the womb of Labha in Shantipura. Labha was the austere, chaste, religious-minded wife of Kuvera Pandita. Previously, the well-to-do Kuvera Pandita had devotedly performed austerities and chanted mantras to get Lord Shiva as his son. Lord Shiva was pleased by his austerities and agreed by saying, “So be it. Your desire will be fulfilled.” That is why Kuvera took birth in this world. He was given the name Shriman Kuvera Acarya, and by dint of his knowledge and religiousness he was worshipable by all. I am unable to describe all his good qualities. People glorify him as the son of Nrisimha.
Nrisimha was a descendant of Aru Ojha and was also known as Nadiyala. He could remember anything he heard and was famous throughout the three worlds for being well-versed in the scriptures and expert in their explanations. By the strength of Nrisimha's counsel, Shri Ganesha captured the throne of Gauda-desha by killing the Badasaha. The class of Kapa brahmanas who resided in Lauda were formed by his daughter's marriage.
Kuvera Acarya was an inspiration to his family line by his role as the King's Pandita. After marriage he gradually had many sons, but when they all died he had some realization. He went to beautiful Shantipura on the bank of the Ganges and stayed there with Labha for some days. One day he noted symptoms of pregnancy in Labha's form. He therefore worshiped Lord Narayana with various articles and satisfied the brahmanas, the poor, and the blind by feeding them.
At that time Kuvera got a letter from the King, so he returned home with his wife. His residence was in Nava-grama, in the district of Lauda, where Divyasimha was reigning. When he returned to Nava-grama, the residents offered him a warm reception. Delighted on seeing the Acarya after many days, the King greeted him and inquired about his well-being. The King said, “Tell me some good news. Why have you been delayed? Your good association is a source of joy for me. I consider my kingdom void without you.”
The Acarya replied, “You are an ocean of mercy. You are always kind to the poor brahmanas. The bank of the Ganges is an enchanting holy place. Living there is equal to living in Svarga. I returned because of your order, otherwise I had no desire to leave that place. By the will of the Lord, my wife has again became pregnant, for whatever is destined becomes manifest.”
The King said, “As she became pregnant in a holy place, I'm sure the result will be auspicious. Forget your past lamentation. Pray to the Lord, and He will bless you with a wonderful son.”
In this way they had many discussions. At that time a brahmana astrologer came there. The astrologer said, “Listen, Pandita Mahashaya. There is no doubt that you will get a divine son. He will live a long life and be fully conversant with the religious codes of the scriptures. I can see that He will widely preach devotional service.”
Saying this, the astrologer disappeared. Later, the King searched for him, but he could not be found. Considering this very astounding, people considered that the astrologer must have been some demigod.
The Acarya was pleased by the astrologer's prediction. He returned home and explained everything to Labha, who replied, “The Lord's glories are unlimited. By His grace our miseries may disappear. Saintly persons say that whoever worships Lord Vishnu with devotion will meet good fortune everywhere.”
On hearing this, Acarya, who is situated in pure knowledge, said, “Yes, dear, this is the Vedic conclusion. By worshiping Vishnu, all demigods are worshiped, all perfection is attained, and one is freed from all illusion.”
Kuvera then devotedly worshiped Lord Narayana in great opulence with many articles. He offered vishnu-prasada to the brahmanas and gave clothes to the poor, the blind, and the distressed.
Now listen to a wonderful story. Once at the end of night Labha Thakurani had a dream in which she saw Lord Harihara appear in her lotus heart. The beauty of the Lord's limbs illumined all directions. He sweetly chanted the holy name of Hari and danced with raised arms. Tears of love flowed from His eyes, and He lost all external consciousness. He chanted Hare Krishna and roared loudly. Hearing His chanting, Yamaraja, the son of Surya, came there.
Yamaraja saw that the sweetness of Harihara's combined form resembled that of Hara-Gauri. The enchanting effulgence of His body defeated the shining of millions of suns. Who has the capacity to describe that beauty? As He chanted Hare Krishna, His hairs stood on end and tears incessantly flowed from His eyes like the Ganges. His body was inundated with ecstatic love, and the waves of that love expanded as He danced. Seeing His transcendental mood, the beloved son of Surya offered full obeisances and various prayers.
With folded hands, Yamaraja sweetly said, “O Lord, please listen. This Kali-yuga is covered with the darkness of ignorance. It is certainly wonderful that You incarnate in such an age. By seeing You, the sinful will be delivered and my authority will be finished. Therefore, dear Lord, kindly remain unmanifest and deliver this servant of Yours from danger.”
Hearing Yamaraja's appeal, the Lord slightly smiled and said, “O Dharmaraja, you are in illusion. Be peaceful. Don't you realize how much the sinful living entities are suffering? Learned persons and saints feel sorry for the sufferings of others. If someone is suffering the reactions of his karma, then who has the power to free him? Being covered by illusion, the living entity does not know his own self-interest. He foolishly considers insignificant sense enjoyment as his self-interest. One who is attached to material life is bound by his fruitive work just as a diseased person suffers when he takes the wrong food. Particularly in Kali-yuga the living entity becomes whimsical and suffers in the blazing fire of material life. Seeing their unbearable distress, My mind became impatient and I made a vow. The maha-mantra counteracts the bondage of karma and enables one to attain pure krishna-prema. By teaching sinful persons the transcendental holy name, I will empower and deliver them. That is why I will take birth now. Later, saints will sing the glories of Kali-yuga.
“I have one more staunch vow. I will without doubt make the Lord Himself descend. Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu will descend along with His followers, and the whole country will be overflooded with pure krishna-prema. Your authority will not be lost by this, however, for blasphemers and atheists will never be delivered.”
On hearing this, Yamaraja returned to his abode. Labhadevi then woke from her dream and described the wonderful vision to her husband, Kuvera Pandita, who was amazed to hear the story.
The chaste Labhadevi passed ten months in pregnancy, and then Advaita Prabhu took birth on the auspicious seventh day of the waxing moon in the month of Magha [January-February]. On that auspicious day all the ladies took bath, gave charity, chanted the holy names, and made auspicious sounds of hulu. Although the devotees did not understand the cause of their happiness, their bliss knew no bounds.
In due course of time Kuvera called an astrologer, who after calculation named the child Kamalaksha. At the age of five the child looked strikingly wonderful. He didn't eat anything other than krishna-prasada. Thereafter, on an auspicious day, Kuvera gave his son His first lesson, and within a month Advaita Prabhu mastered the entire alphabet.
Praying at the the lotus feet of Lord Chaitanya and Shri Advaita, always desiring Their mercy, I, Ishana Nagara, narrate Shri Advaita Prakasha.
Chaitanya-charitamrita Adi 1.13
Mayapur, April 6, 1975
“...because He propagates the cult of devotion, He is called Acarya. He is
the Lord and the incarnation of the Lord's devotee. Therefore I take shelter
bhaktavataram isam tam
So gradually the author is offering respect, shri-krishna-chaitanya
prabhu-nityananda shri-advaita. He has already offered respect to Lord
Chaitanya and Lord Nityananda. Now it is the turn for Shri Advaitacarya. So
advaitam, nondifferent, expansion of Mahavisnu. Therefore He is
Vishnu-tattva. He is not jiva-tattva. Therefore, He is Advaita.
Advaita acyuta anadi ananta-rupam. Krishna has got unlimited number of
expansions, expansion, expansion of the expansion, then expansion of the
expansion, in this way. So Advaitacarya is expansion of Krishna, it is already
explained. Therefore He is called advaitam, and acaryam bhakti-samsanat.
This is the business of acarya, to spread bhakti cult. Acaryam mam vijaniyat
navamanyeta karhicit. It is said by the Lord that “You should accept the
acarya...” Acarya means one who transmits bhakti cult. Bhakti-samsanat,
One who is not spreading -- he is cultivating Krishna consciousness for his
personal benefit in a secluded place, sitting and chanting -- that is also
nice, but he's not acarya. Acarya means he must spread, Gosthy-anandi.
Bhajananandi, gosthy-anandi. So generally, gosthy-anandi means one who wants
to increase the number of devotees. He's called gosthy-anandi. And one who
is self-satisfied, that “Let me do my own duty”, he is called bhajananandi.
So my Guru Maharaja, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, he was
gosthy-anandi; he wanted to increase the number of devotees. And the more
you increase the number of devotees, the more you become very much
recognized by Krishna. It is Krishna's business. Krishna personally comes as He
is, Krishna, to spread this bhakti cult. Man-mana bhava mad-bhakto mad-yaji
mam namaskuru. Sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja. He's
canvassing personally. Paritranaya sadhunam vinasaya ca duskrtam,
dharmasamstha-panarthaya sambhavami yuge yuge. So -- same thing entrusted to
another devotee, and who spreads, he's acarya. So Krishna says, the acarya...
Here it is said, that advaita harina advaitad. So, of course Advaita Acarya
is expansion of Vishnu-tattva, but any acarya, he is to be considered
identical with the Lord. The Lord says that, that acaryam mam vijaniyat.
“One should understand the acarya.” Acarya bhakti-samsanat. Acarya means who
is spreading pure bhakti cult. “That acarya”, Krishna says, “you should
consider such acarya as Myself”.
Acaryam mam vijaniyat navamanyeta karhicit, that... You cannot consider,
“Yes, he's acarya, but not as good as Krishna”. No. Na avamanyeta. Don't
deride in that way. Then there will be falldown. Acaryam mam vijaniyat
navamanyeta karhicit. And in the Vedas also it is said, yasya deve para
bhaktir yatha deve tatha gurau: “Anyone who has got unflinching faith in the
Supreme Personality and the similar faith in guru...” Yasya deve para
bhaktir yatha deve tatha gurau, tasyaite kathita hy arthah: “All the Vedic
literature”, prakasante, “becomes revealed simply by these two principle”.
Guru krishna krpapaya bhakti lata bija. We should not jump over Krishna without
the help of guru. That is not possible. You must go through. Because Krishna
says, acaryam mam vijani... Tasmad gurum prapadyeta jijnasuh sreya uttamam:
“Actually one who is serious to understand higher transcendental subject
matter, he must approach guru.” Tasmad gurum, prapadyeta. These are Vedic
injunctions. Caksudana dilo yei, janme janme pita sei. So anyone who
opens... Guru means who opens the eyes of the ignorant person.
Ajnana-timirandhasya jnananjana-salakaya. Opening the eyes by giving real
knowledge... Guru krishna krpapaya bhakti lata bija. So bhakti-lata, the
devotional service, the seed of devotional service, can be received by the
parampara system through bona fide spiritual master. And if we abide by the
orders of spiritual master faithfully, then Krishna becomes pleased. That is
stated by Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura, yasya prasadad bhagavat-prasadah.
Ara na koriya mane asa. Narottama dasa... All the acaryas they say like
Acaryam mam vijaniyat. Acaryavan puruso veda: “One who has accepted acarya,
he knows things are they are.” Others, they do not know. It is not possible.
So Advaita Acarya is the typical example, how to become acarya. All are our
acaryas, shri-krishna-chaitanya prabhu nityananda, shri-advaita gadadhara
shrivasadi-gaura-bhakta-vrnda. All of them are acaryas because they are
following the acarya, Supreme Acarya, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Therefore they
are acarya. evam parampara-praptam imam rajarsayo viduh. So we have to
follow the acarya. Then, when we are completely, cent per cent follower of
acarya, then you can also act as acarya. This is the process. Don't become
premature acarya. First of all follow the orders of acarya, and you become
mature. Then it is better to become acarya. Because we are interested in
preparing acarya, but the etiquette is, at least for the period the guru is
present, one should not become acarya.
Even if he is complete, he should not, because the etiquette is, if somebody
comes for becoming initiated, it is the duty of such person to bring that
prospective candidate to his acarya, not that “Now people are coming to me,
so I can become acarya”. That is avamanya. Navamanyeta karhicit. Don't
transgress this etiquette. Navamanyeta. That will be fall down. Just like
during the lifetime of our Guru Maharaja, all our godbrothers now who are
acting as acarya, they did not do so. That is not etiquette. Acaryam mam
vijaniyat na avaman... That is insult. So if you insult your acarya, then
you are finished. Yasya prasadad bhagavat-prasado yasya aprasadat na gatih
kuto 'pi -- finished. If you displease your acarya, then you are finished.
Therefore it is said, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu says to all the acaryas...
Nityananda Prabhu, Advaita Prabhu and Shrivasadi-gaur-bhakta-vrnda, they are
all carriers of orders of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
So try to follow the path of acarya process. Then life will be successful.
And to become acarya is not very difficult. First of all, to become very
faithful servant of your acarya, follow strictly what he says, try to please
him and spread Krishna consciousness. That's all. It is not at all difficult.
Try to follow the instruction of your guru maharaja and spread Krishna
consciousness. That is the order of Lord Chaitanya. Amara ajnaya guru hana
tara ei desa, yare dekha tare kaha krishna-upadesa: “By following My order,
you become guru.” And if we strictly follow the acarya system and try our
best to spread the instruction of Krishna... Yare dekha tare kaha
krishna-upadesa. There are two kinds of krishna-upadesa. Upadesa means
instruction. Instruction given by Krishna, that is also krishna-upadesa, and
instruction received about Krishna, that is also krishna-upadesa. Krishnasya
upadesa iti krishna upadesa. Samasa, sasti-tat-purusa-samasa. And Krishna visaya
upadesa, that is also Krishna upadesa. Bahu-vrihi-samasa.
This is the way of analyzing Sanskrit grammar. So Krishna's upadesa is
Bhagavad-gita. He's directly giving instruction. So one who is spreading
Krishna-upadesa, simply repeat what is said by Krishna. Then you become acarya.
Not difficult at all. Everything is stated there. We have to simply repeat
like parrot. Not exactly parrot. Parrot does not understand the meaning; he
simply vibrates. But you should understand the meaning also. Otherwise how
you can explain. So, so we want to spread Krishna consciousness. Simply
prepare yourself how to repeat Krishna's instructions very nicely, without any
malinterpretation. Then, in future... Suppose you have got now ten thousand.
We shall expand to hundred thousand. That is required. Then hundred thousand
to million, and million to ten million.
Prabhupada: So there will be no scarcity of acarya, and people will
understand Krishna consciousness very easily. So make that organization. Don't
be falsely puffed up. Follow the acarya instruction and try to make yourself
perfect, mature. Then it will be very easy to fight out maya. Yes. Acaryas,
they declare war against maya's activities, that maya instructing that “here
is wine, here is cigarette, here is tha”t, in your country these
advertisements are very prominent, holding both ways, wine advertisement,
cigarette advertisement, naked woman advertisements, and sometimes gambling
also, advertisement. What is that? Congo?
Prabhupada: Bingo. (laughter) Yes. So this is maya. And our declaration of
war with maya -- no intoxication, no meat-eating, no bingo -- (laughter)
these are our declaration of war. So we have to fight in that way because
nobody can understand Krishna without being free from all sinful activities.
These are sinful activities.
Therefore it is acarya's business to stop these nonsense activities.
Otherwise they'll not be able to understand, especially the meat-eaters.
They cannot understand. Nivrtta-tarsair upagiyamanad bhavausadhi
chrotra-mano 'bhiramat, ka uttamasloka-gunanuvadat puman virajyeta vina
pasughnat. Unless one is very expert in killing animals, he's not bereft
from Krishna consciousness. That means one who is very expert in killing, he
cannot understand. Therefore Christ also said, “Thou shall not kill”, the
first business. Nobody will be able if one is a killer of animal, small or
big, ultimately killer of his own children, killer of his own self. The
killing process is so nice that it goes up to the point of killing one's
children. That is now happening. Killing business has so expanded that they
are killing their own children. Just see the influence of Kali-yuga. The
children, they take shelter of the father and mother, thinking very safe.
Now, in this Kali-yuga, even there is no safety under the care of father and
mother. Just see how this material civilization is progressing. Very, very
dangerous. Kalau nasta-drsam. Therefore that Bhagavata verse is there,
krsnesvadhamopagate dharma-jnanadibhih, kalau nasta-drsam puranarko
'dhunoditam. Very, very abominable condition in this age of Kali, very,
very. It is the beginning of Kali. Now we have to pass through 427,000's of
years. Kali-yuga will make progress in that way. And people are now
practicing eating their children, and at the end of Kali there will be no
They'll... They have to eat the children just like the snakes do. The snake
eat their own children. There are many animals; they eat their own children.
So don't try to repeat your birth again and again in this Kali-yuga. It will
be not very happy life. Better sacrifice everything in this life and be
fully Krishna conscious and go back to home, back to Godhead. Don't wait for
the next life. This is very seriously repeated, that “This life I shall
finish my Krishna consciousness business”, and, as it is stated in the
Bhagavad-gita, that Krishna consciousness business means to understand Krishna
rightly. And He's explaining Himself rightly. Where is the difficulty to
finish the Krishna consciousness business? If Krishna is explaining Himself,
what He is, then where is your difficulty? Krishna is explaining Himself in
the Bhagavad-gita, Krishna is sending His representative acarya to teach you
and Krishna is within yourself trying to teach you if you are actually
serious. Then where is the difficulty? Inside, outside, always, books,
knowledge -- He is prepared.
So where is the difficulty to make yourself perfect in Krishna consciousness?
There is no difficulty at all. Provided you are serious, you can become
fully Krishna conscious in this very life. You are all young men. You are not
old man like me. I have no opportunity.
The Appearance of Shri Advaita Acharya.
The Philosophical Truths About Shrila Advaita Acharya Prabhu
`advaita acarya' bali' katha kaha ya'ra
sei `nada' lagi mora ei avatara
The Supreme Lord Gauranga said: "This incarnation of Mine in Kali-yuga was
induced by Nada, whom you all call as Advaita Acharya."
Shrila Advaita Acharya is the original cause for the advent of the most
merciful incarnation of Lord Krishna as Lord Gauranga. Thus if we do not
worship and celebrate with great enthusiam the appearance day of Shrila
Advaita Acharya - Advaita Saptami - which falls on Saturday 8th February
2003, we will find if very difficult to achieve the mercy of Lords
Nityananda- Gauranga. By celebrating the festival of Advaita Saptami, we try
to express our gratitude to Shri Advaita Acharya for the greatest service
ever rendered to the conditioned souls of inducing the Lord to appear in His
most magnanimous incarnation along with His elder brother Lord Nityananda
Balarama (je anilo prema dhana karuna prachura). Recommended reading: Cc Adi
Chp 12 and other references given below from CBh and Cc.
Prayer of this day:
doya koro sitapati advaita gosai
tava kripa bale pai chaitanya-nitai
"O Lord Shri Advaita Acharya Prabhu, husband of Shrimati Sita Thakurani
(incarnation of Goddess Durga or Katyayani), please be causelessly merciful
on me, so that I can achieve the shelter of the lotus feet of Lords
Nityananda and Lord Gauranga by the strength of Your mercy, which is the
maha-visnur jagat-karta mayaya yah srjaty adah
tasyavatara evayam advaitacarya-isvarah
Lord Advaita Acarya is the incarnation of Maha-Vishnu, whose main function is
to create the cosmic world through the actions of maya. (Cc. Adi 6.4)
advaitam harinadvaitad acaryam bhakti-samsanat
bhaktavataram isam tam advaitacaryam asraye
Because He is nondifferent from Hari, He is called Advaita, and because He
propagates the cult of devotion, He is called Acarya. He is the Lord and the
incarnation of the Lord's devotee. Therefore I take shelter of Him. (Cc. Adi
Mahavisnu is the Efficient Cause
and Advaita is the Material Cause of Mundane Creation
apane purusa visvera 'nimitta'-karana
advaita-rupe 'upadana' hana narayana
'nimittamse' kare tenho mayate iksana
'upadana' advaita karena brahmanda-srjana
Lord Vishnu is the efficient cause (nimitta) of the material world, and
Narayana, in the form of Shri Advaita, is the material cause (upadana). Lord
Vishnu, in His efficient aspect glances over the material energy, and Shri
Advaita as the material cause, creates the material world. (Cc. Adi 6.16,17)
Advaita is Sadasiva
bhaktavatara acaryo 'dvaita yah shri sadasivah
He who was Shri Sadasiva is the bhakta-avatara, Shri Advaita Prabhu.
The Meaning of the Name Advaita
maha-visnura amsa advaita guna-dhama
isvare abheda, teni 'advaita' purna nama
Shri Advaita, who is the reservoir of virtues, is the main limb of Mahavisnu.
His full name is Advaita, for He is identical in all respects with the Lord.
(Cc. Adi 6.26)
Advaita Acarya is a Preacher of Krishna-bhakti
jiva nistarila krishna-bhakti kari' dana
gita-bhagavate kaila bhaktira vyakhyana
He delivered all living beings by offering the gift of krishna-bhakti. He
explained Bhagavad-gita and Shrimad-bhagavatam in the light of devotional
service. (Cc. Adi 6.28)
He is the Avatara of Mahavisnu and a Devotee of Lord Chaitanya
advaita-acarya-gosani saksat isvara
prabhu guru kari' mane, tinho ta' kinkara
Lord Advaita Acarya is directly the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Although
Lord Gauranga accepts Him as His preceptor, Advaita Acarya is a servant of
the Lord. (Cc. Adi. 5.147)
Advaita and Nityananda are Servants of Lord Gauranga
eka mahaprabhu, ara prabhu duijana
dui prabhu sebe mahaprabhura carana
There is one "Mahaprabhu" and two Prabhus. The two Prabhus serve the lotus
feet of Mahaprabhu. (Cc. Adi 7.14)
Two Branches Among the Followers of Advaita
advaitanghry-abja-bhrogams tan sarasara-bhrto 'khilan
hitva 'saran sara-bhrto naumi chaitanya jivanan
The followers of Shri Advaita were of two kinds. Some were real followers
(saragrahi) and the others were false (asaragrahi). Rejecting the false
followers, I offer my respectful obeisances to the real followers of Shri
Advaita Acarya, whose life and soul was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. (Cc. Adi 12.1)
The Saragrahi Followers of Advaita are Devotees of Gauranga
prathame ta' eka-mata acaryera gana
pache dui-mata haila daivera karana
keha ta' acarya ajnaya, keha ta' svatantra
sva-mata kalpana kare daiva-paratantra
acaryera mata yei, sei mata sara
tanra ajna langhi' cale, sei ta' asara
At first all the followers of Advaita Acarya shared a single opinion, but
later they followed two opinions as ordained by providence. Some of the
disciples strictly accepted the orders of the acarya, and others deviated,
independently concocting their own opinions under the spell of daivi-maya.
The opinion of the acarya is essential. Anyone who disregards his order is
useless (asara-grahi). (Cc. Adi. 12.8-10).
The Useless Followers of Advaita Acarya were cut off
From Gauranga's Mercy
ihara madhye mali pache kona sakha-gana
na mane chaitanya-mali durdaiva karana
srjaila, jiyaila, tanre na manila
krtaghna ha-ila, tanre skandha kruddha ha-ila
kruddha hana skandha tare jala na sancare
jalabhave krsa sakha sukaiya mare
After the disappearance of Lord Gauranga, the gardener of the tree of love
of Godhead, some of the sub-branches of the Advaita branch, for unfortunate
reasons, deviated from His path. Some branches did not accept the trunk that
vitalized and maintained the entire tree When they thus became ungrateful,
the trunk was angry at them. Thus Lord Chaitanya did not sprinkle upon them
the water of His mercy, and they gradually withered and died. (Cc. Adi
Thus ends the Sixth Jewel of Gaudiya Kanthahara, entitled Advaita-tattva.
compiled by Om Vishnupada Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura Prabhupada
CBh Madhya Chp 5:
saghane dhulaya sira, `nada', `nada' bale
nadara sandarbha keha na bujhe sakale
The Lord vigorously shook His head while calling, "Nada, Nada," but no one
understood the actual meaning of the word Nada.
The word sandarbha means "purport," "confidential meaning," or "mystery." It
is stated: "Those statements that reveal a most confidential meaning, that
are the essence of a subject, and that give various meanings to understand a
subject matter are known by learned scholars as sandarbha."
sabe balilena,-"prabhu, `nada' bala kare?"
prabhu bale,-"ailun muni yahara hunkare
Everyone inquired, "O Lord, who is this Nada You are calling?" The Lord
replied, "He by whose loud cries I came.
`advaita acarya' bali' katha kaha ya'ra
sei `nada' lagi mora ei avatara
"This incarnation of Mine was induced by Nada, whom you all call Advaita
mohare anila nada vaikuntha thakiya
niscinte rahila giya haridasa laina
"Nada has brought Me from Vaikuntha, but now He is living free from all
cares with Haridasa.
Lord Gauranga Himself holds the feet of Shrila Acharya
Lord Chaitanya always thought Advaita Acarya His spiritual master. At this
Advaita would feel very unhappy.
Advaita was not able to serve Lord Chaitanya directly. While Lord Chaitanya
slept, Advaita would grasp the Lord's feet.
In His heart He meditated on Lord Chaitanya's feet. Advaita always desired
to serve Lord Chaitanya directly. That was His constant desire.
Although He did not have the power to serve Him directly, Advaita yearned
to serve Lord Chaitanya. Therefore Advaita resorted to stealing the dust from
Lord Chaitanya's feet.
When Lord Chaitanya fainted in ecstati love, Advaita approached the Lord's
Offering dandavat obeisances, Advaita fell before the soles of the Lord's
feet. With the tears from His eyes, Advaita washed Lord Chaitanya's feet.
When Lord Chaitanya fainted in ecstasy, on His own head Advaita wiped the
Lord's feet. Offering dandavat obeisances, He worshiped the Lord.
Only because he had attained Lord Chaitanya's great, great mercy could
Advaita act in these ways.
Therefore Advaita was the first of the Vaishnavas. All the Vaishnavas
affirmed, "Advaita is very fortunate."
Wicked persons do not understand the secret of Lord Advaita's
One day Lord Chaitanya danced, and Advaita happily followed Him.
Then Lord Chaitanya fell unconscious. Seeing this, Advaita anointed His
limbs with the dust of the Lord's feet. Then He hid.
Lord Chaitanya was perfectly aware of all these wonderful activities. Then
Lord Chaitanya began dancing again. Dancing and dancing, He did not feel
Lord Chaitanya said, "Why is it not revealed to My heart? Whom have I
offended, that now I do not feel joyful?
"What was stolen from Me. Who stole it? Because of this offense, I have no
power to dance in ecstasy.
"Did someone touch the dust of My feet? Tell the truth. Don't worry. This I
tell to you."
Hearing the words of He who is the Supersoul present in everyone's heart,
the devotees became afraid. Silent, no one spoke.
If they spoke, they were afraid of Advaita's response. If they did not
speak they would die. Understanding their dilemma, Advaita folded His hands
"If a thief cannot take directly, he will take when no one is looking.
"I am the thief. Please forgive My transgression. If it displeases You, I
will not do it."
Advaita's words made Lord Chaitanya angry. On the preText of angry words
Lord Chaitanya described the glories of Advaita.
He said, "You destroy everything, and even then You feel no remorse in Your
"Then, when everything is destroyed, You won't be happy unless You destroy
"You kill the ascetics, sannyasis, yogis, and philosophers. Whom do You not
kill with Your trident?
"When people grasp Your feet to attain the goal of life, You respond by
"A certain sincere Vaishnava who lives in Mathura has come to see the glory
of Your feet.
"After seeing You, how can anyone attain devotion to Lord Vishnu? Whatever
devotion he attains, Your eternal potency will take away.
"When You touch the dust of a person's feet, You destroy him. Without mercy
You destroy him.
"Lord Krishna has given to You all the devotion that exists in the countless
"Still You roâ from a small person who has little. There is no mercy in
Your heart. You roâ from the poor.
"You are a hoodlum. You are the greatest of robbers. You have robbed My
happiness of love for Lord Krishna."
In this way, on the preText of criticizing Him, Lord Chaitanya praised
Advaita Acarya. Hearing the Lord's words, all the devotees floated in bliss.
Then Lord Chaitanya said, "You have robbed Me. Can I not roâ You? Look!
Look! I will roâ from the robber."
After speaking these words, Lord Chaitanya grasped Advaita's feet and,
laughing and laughing, took the dust that was there.
Advaita had no power to defeat the fair lion of Lord Chaitanya. On His own
head Lord Chaitanya rubbed Advaita's feet.
Holding to His own chest Advaita's feet, Lord Chaitanya said, "Look! Look! I
have tied up the thief. I have imprisoned Him in My heart.
"A hundred times You robbed Me. I am the master of the house. Now, in one
time, I reclaim all that was robbed from My house."
Then Advaita said, "What You say is true. You are the master of the house.
I did not understand anything.
"My life, intelligence, mind, and body are all Your property. Lord, if You
kill someone, who can protect him?
"You give happiness, and You also give suffering. If You punish someone,
who can protect him?
"Narada and the sages went to Dvaraka City to see the life's treasure that
is Your feet.
"Then You would take the dust from their feet. What could they do then?
That I ask You.
"When You take the dust of his feet, what can Your servant do?
"How can Your servant give the dust of his feet to You? Who can disobey
"It is not right for the Supreme Lord to act in this way. You will destroy
me, and You think it is funny.
"You may either protect Me or destroy Me. Lord, You will do whatever You
Then Lord Chaitanya said, "You are the keeper of the storehouse of
devotional service. That is why I serve Your feet.
"Anyone who anoints his body with the dust of Your feet will float in the
nectar of pure love for Lord Krishna.
"If You do not give it, no one can attain devotional service. Please know
perfectly well that, "I am Your property."
"You can sell Me as You like. Lord, I tell You the truth."
In their hearts all the devotees meditated on Lord Chaitanya's great mercy
They said, "The Lord has truly served Him. Therefore Advaita is a very
exalted person. Ten million liberations are not equal to a small fragment of
the mercy Advaita has attained.
"Even the demigod Shiva never attained mercy like the mercy Advaita attained
from Lord Chaitanya."
"We are fortunate to associate with such an exalted devotee. The dust of
this devotee's feet we place on all our limbs."
The devotees were very happy to praise Advaita. Because of their past
misdeeds, the sinners feel unhappy to hear Advaita's glories.
Everything I have now said is true. They who have no faith in the
Vaishnavas' words will perish.
Lord Chaitanya stood up and said, "Haribol!" Then the devotees around Him in
the four directions began to sing.
Overcome with bliss, forgetting all else, and now become like a wild man,
Advaita Acarya danced.
Placing His hand on His beard and knitting His eyebrows, Advaita Acarya,
the master of Shantipura, loudly roared. Then He began to dance.
ADVAITA (ACARYA PRABHU):
He is a disciple of Madhavendra Puri, and constitutes one of the
figures amongst the Pancatattva. He is the combined incarnation of Lord
Mahavishnu and Lord Sadashiva. He was born in a varendra brahmana family on
the seventh day of the bright fortnight in the month of Magha, 1355 Saka
(1433 AD.), in the village named Lauda in Shrihatta.
According to Bangabhasa O Sahitya, Advaita Prabhu was born in 1434
AD. and met Vidyapati in 1458 AD. Advaita's former name was Kamalaksha
(Kamalakanta) Vedapancanana. His two wives were Sita Devi and Shri Devi.
Acyutananda was born of Sita Devi (1425 Saka 1503 AD.), followed by
Krishnadasa, Gopala, Balarama, Svarupa, and Jagadisa Misra. While Shri Devi
gave birth to one son named Syamadasa (Premavilasa 24).
From Lauda, Advaita Prabhu migrated to the village of Navahatta and
later to Santipura. He also had a house at Navadvipa. In 1480 Saka (1558
AD.), at the age of 125 years (i.e. 25 years after the disappearance of Lord
Gauranga) Advaita Prabhu returned to the spiritual world.
However, according to Premavilasa 24, Advaita Prabhu was born in
Santipura. He studied the Vedas and other scriptures under a scholar named
Santacarya in Phullavati village near Santipura, where he was awarded the
title Acarya. The genealogy of Advaita Prabhu can be found in Premavilasa
To verify the meeting of Advaita with Vidyapati, it is known that in
1330 Saka (1408 AD.) Vidyapati received the endowment of Bisaphi village
from Sivasimha. Vidyapati was born around 1307 Saka (1385 AD.), and was a
contemporary of Candidasa . Vidyapati mentions their meeting one another in
songs he composed in 1325 Saka (1403 AD.).
One manuscript of the Bhagavata which was copied by Vidyapati is
still available and carries the date of copying as 1379 Saka (1457 AD.)
Evidence shows that Vidyapati was alive until 1401 Saka (1479 AD.). In 1485
AD. Advaita Prabhu, at the age of fifty two, arrived at the room where Lord
Gauranga was born. Much earlier he undertook a pilgrimage. Hence his
meeting with Vidyapati should be taken as a fact.
Shri Advaita Acarya, Ideal Householder Devotee
A lecture by Giriraj Swami
(Durban, February 1989)
Today is the auspicious appearance day of Shri Advaita Acarya Prabhu, who is one of the associates of Lord Chaitanya in the Panca-tattva and the incarnation of Maha-Vishnu. So we shall read some of the pastimes of Advaita Acarya with Lord Chaitanya from Shri Chaitanya-charitamrita, Madhya-lila, Chapter Three, "Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's Stay at the House of Advaita
"In his Amrta-pravaha-bhasya, Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura gives the following summary study of the Third Chapter. After accepting the sannyasa order at Katwa, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu traveled continuously for three days in Radha-desa and, by the trick of Nityananda Prabhu, eventually came to the western side of Santipura. Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was induced to believe that the river Ganges was the Yamuna. When He was worshiping the sacred river, Advaita Prabhu arrived in a boat. Advaita Prabhu asked Him to take His bath in the Ganges and took Him to His (Advaita's) house."
We shall begin reading from this point:
Advaita Acarya said, "You have been fasting continuously for three
days in Your ecstasy of love for Krishna. I therefore invite You to My home,
where You may kindly take Your alms. Come with Me to My residence."
Advaita Prabhu continued, "At My home I have just cooked one
palmful of rice. The vegetables are always very simple. There is no luxurious
cooking--simply a little liquid vegetable and spinach."
Saying this, Shri Advaita Acarya took the Lord into the boat and
brought the Lord to His residence. There Advaita Acarya washed the feet of the
Lord and was consequently very happy within.
All the eatables were first cooked by the wife of Advaita Acarya.
Then Shrila Advaita Acarya personally offered everything to Lord Vishnu.
by Shrila Prabhupada
This is the ideal householder's life. The husband and wife live
together, and the husband works very hard to secure paraphernalia for worshiping
Lord Vishnu. The wife at home cooks a variety of foods for Lord Vishnu, and
the husband offers it to the Deity. After that, arati is performed, and
the prasadam is distributed amongst family members and guests. According
to the Vedic principles, there must always be a guest in a householder's
house. In my childhood I have actually seen my father receive not less than four
guests every day, and in those days my father's income was not very
great. Nonetheless, there was no difficulty in offering prasadam to at least
four guests every day. According to Vedic principles, a householder, before
taking lunch, should go outside and shout very loudly to see if there
is anyone without food. In this way he invites people to take prasadam.
If someone comes, the householder offers him prasadam, and if there is
not much left, he should offer his own portion to the guest. If no one responds
to his call, the householder can accept his own lunch. Thus the
householder's life is also a kind of austerity. Because of this, the householder's
life is called the grhastha-asrama. Although a person may live with his wife
and children happily in Krishna consciousness, he also observes the
regulative principles followed in any temple. If there is no Krishna consciousness,
the householder's abode is called a grha-medhi's house. Householders in
Krishna consciousness are actually grhasthas--that is, those living in the
asrama with their families and children. Shri Advaita Prabhu was an ideal
grhastha, and His house was the ideal grhastha-asrama.
by Giriraj Swami
We can learn many things about how to live in the grhastha-asrama from
Advaita Acarya. Acarya means one who teaches by example. So Advaita
Acarya taught by example the life of the ideal householder devotee.
The first point is that the grhastha should worship the Deity at home.
Deity worship means that the Deity is installed and the householder worships
the Deity according to the rules and regulations of the scriptures, under
the guidance of the spiritual master. Then the worship is accepted as bona
fide. The husband should work very hard to collect the paraphernalia for
worship. Householders may be materially opulent, so their opulence must be
engaged in the service of the Deity. Otherwise the householders will become
contaminated by their material activities and fall down. Deity worship
is most essential for householders. The wife cooks nice foods to offer to
the Lord, and then the husband offers the foods to the Deity. Then arati
is performed according to the rules and regulations and the prasadam is
distributed. In other words, one should invite people to one's home to
attend arati, hear Bhagavad-gita, and take prasadam. In this way one's
home becomes an asrama.
Or one can visit the temple and attend the arati in the temple, one
can sacrifice one's possessions for the service of the Deity in the
temple, and one can invite guests to come to the temple. Thus one can fulfill the
basic principles of grhastha-asrama.
All the prepared food was divided into three equal parts. One part
was arranged on a metal plate for offering to Lord Krishna.
The word badaila, meaning "increased," is very significant in this
verse. It is a sophisticated word used by the grhasthas in Bengal. Whenever
food is prepared and we take away a portion, the food is actually decreased.
But here it is the system to say badaila, or "increased." If food is
prepared for Krishna and offered to Him and the Vaishnavas, the stock is
increased, never decreased.
Of the three divisions, one was arranged on a metal plate, and the
other two were arranged on plantain leaves. These leaves were not
bifurcated, and they were taken from a banana tree that held at least thirty-two
bunches of bananas. The two plates were filled very nicely with the kinds of food
The cooked rice was a stack of very fine grains nicely cooked, and
in the middle was yellow clarified butter from the milk of cows. Surrounding
the stack of rice were pots made of the skins of banana trees, and in
these pots were varieties of vegetables and mung dal.
Among the cooked vegetables were patolas, squash, manakacu, and a
salad made with pieces of ginger and various types of spinach.
There was sukhta, bitter melon mixed with all kinds of vegetables,
defying the taste of nectar. There were five types of bitter and
Amongst the various vegetables were newly grown leaves of nimba
trees fried with eggplant. The fruit known as patola was fried with
phulabadi, a kind of dal preparation first mashed and then dried in the sun. There
was also a preparation known as kusmanda-manacaki.
We request our editors of cookbooks to add all these nice
preparations described by the experienced author Shrila Krishnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami.
The preparation made with coconut pulp mixed with curd and rock
candy was very sweet. There was a curry made of banana flowers and squash boiled
in milk, all in great quantity.
There were small cakes in sweet and sour sauce and five or six
kinds of sour preparations. All the vegetables were so made that everyone
present could take prasada.
There were soft cakes made with mung dal, soft cakes made with ripe
bananas, and soft cakes made with urad dal. There were various kinds
of sweetmeats, and condensed milk mixed with rice cakes, a coconut
preparation and every kind of cake desirable.
All the vegetables were served in pots made of banana leaves taken
from trees producing at least thirty-two bunches of bananas. These pots
were very strong and big and did not tilt or totter.
All around the three eating places were a hundred pots filled with
various kinds of vegetables.
Along with the various vegetables was sweet rice mixed with ghee.
This was kept in new earthen pots. Earthen pots filled with highly
condensed milk were placed in three places.
Besides the other preparations, there were chipped rice, made with
milk and mixed with bananas, and also white squash boiled in milk. Indeed,
it is not possible to describe all the preparations that were made.
In two places there were earthen pots filled with another
preparation made with yogurt, sandesa (a sweetmeat made with curd) and banana. I
am unable to describe it all.
Upon the stack of boiled rice and all the vegetables were flowers
of the tulasi trees. There were also pots filled with scented rosewater.
There were three sitting places where soft cloths were placed. Thus
Lord Krishna was offered all the food, and the Lord took it very pleasantly.
It is the system, after offering food, to perform bhoga-arati.
Advaita Prabhu asked the two brothers, Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Nityananda
Prabhu, to come see the arati. The two Lords and all others present
went to see the arati ceremony.
After arati was performed for the Deities in the temple, Lord Krishna was made to lie down to rest. Advaita Acarya then came out to submit something to Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
Shri Advaita Prabhu said, "My dear Lords, kindly enter this room." The two brothers, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu, then came forward to take the prasadam.
When Lord Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu went to accept the prasadam, They both called Mukunda and Haridasa to come with Them. However, Mukunda and Haridasa, both with folded hands, spoke as follows.
When Mukunda was called for, he submitted, "My dear sir, I have something to do that is not yet finished. Later I shall accept the prasadam, so You two Prabhus should now please enter the room."
Haridasa Thakura said, "I am the most sinful and lowest among men. Later
I shall eat one palmful of prasadam while waiting outside."
Although the Hindus and Muslims lived together in a very friendly manner,
still there were distinctions between them. The Mohammedans were considered
yavanas, or lowborn, and whenever a Muslim was invited, he would be fed
outside of the house. Although personally called by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
and Nityananda Prabhu to take prasadam with Them, still, out of great
humility, Haridasa Thakura submitted, "I shall take the prasadam
outside of the house." Although Haridasa Thakura was an exalted Vaishnava accepted
by Advaita Acarya, Nityananda Prabhu and Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu,
nonetheless, in order not to disturb social tranquility, he humbly kept himself in
the position of a Muslim, outside the jurisdiction of the Hindu community.
Therefore he proposed to take prasadam outside the house. Although he
was in an exalted position and equal to other great Vaishnavas, he considered
himself a papistha, a most sinful man, and adhama, the lowest among
men. Although a Vaishnava may be very much advanced spiritually, he keeps
himself externally humble and submissive.
Advaita Acarya took Lord Nityananda Prabhu and Lord Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu within the room, and the two Lords saw the arrangement of the
prasadam. Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu especially was very pleased.
Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was pleased because He saw how nicely so
many varieties of food were prepared for Krishna. Actually all kinds of
prasadam are prepared for Krishna, not for the people, but the devotees partake
of prasadam with great pleasure.
Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu approved of all the methods employed in
cooking and offering food to Krishna. Indeed, He was so pleased that He said,
"Frankly, I will personally take the lotus feet of anyone who can
offer Krishna such nice food and place those lotus feet on My head birth after
When Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu entered the room, He saw three
divisions of food, and He knew that all of these were meant for Krishna. However, He
did not understand the intentions of Advaita Acarya.
Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura states that one of these
servings was offered in a metal dish and was meant for Krishna, whereas the other
two were placed on big banana leaves. The offering on the metal plate was
personally offered by Advaita Acarya to Krishna. The other two servings,
on banana leaves, were to be accepted by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Lord
Nityananda. This was Advaita Acarya's intention, but He did not
disclose this to Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Thus when Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu saw
the food offered in three places, He thought that all of it was meant for
Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Let Us sit down in these three
We shall take prasadam." However, Advaita Acarya said, "I shall
Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu thought that all three servings were meant
for distribution; therefore He asked for another two banana leaves,
saying, "Let Us have a very little quantity of vegetable and rice."
Advaita Acarya said, "Just sit down here on these seats." Catching
Their hands, He sat Them both down.
Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said, "It is not proper for a sannyasi to
eat such a variety of foods. If he does, how can he control his senses?"
The word upakarana indicates a variety of foods, such as dal,
vegetables and other varieties of possible dishes that one can eat very nicely
with rice. It is not proper, however, for a sannyasi to eat such palatable
dishes. If he did so, he would not be able to control his senses. Shri
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu did not encourage sannyasis to eat very palatable
dishes, for the whole Vaishnava cult is vairagya-vidya, as renounced as
possible. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu also advised Raghunatha dasa Gosvami not
to eat very palatable dishes, wear very nice garments or talk on mundane
subjects. These things are all prohibited for those in the renounced
order. A devotee does not accept anything to eat that is not first offered to
Krishna. All the rich foods offered to Krishna are given to the grhasthas,
the householders. There are many nice things offered to Krishna--garlands,
bedsteads, nice ornaments, nice food and even nicely prepared pan,
betel nuts--but a humble Vaishnava, thinking his body material and nasty,
does not accept such preparations for himself. He thinks that by accepting such
things he will offend the lotus feet of the Lord. Those who are
sahajiyas cannot understand what Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu meant when He asked
Advaita Acarya to bring two separate leaves and give a small quantity of the
prasadam to Him.
When Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu did not accept the food that had
already been served, Advaita Acarya said, "Please give up Your concealment. I
know what You are, and I know the confidential meaning of Your accepting
the sannyasa order."
Advaita Acarya thus requested Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to eat and
give up juggling words. The Lord replied, "I certainly cannot eat so much
Advaita Acarya then requested the Lord to simply accept the
without pretense. If He could not eat it all, the balance could be
Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said, "I will not be able to eat so much
food, and it is not the duty of a sannyasi to leave remnants."
According to Shrimad-Bhagavatam (11.18.19):
bahir jalasayam gatva
vibhajya pavitam sesam
"Whatever edibles a sannyasi gets from a householder's house he should
take outside near some lake or river, and after offering it to Vishnu,
Brahma and the sun (three divisions), he should eat the entire offering and not
leave anything for others to eat."
In this connection Advaita Acarya referred to Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's
eating at Jagannatha Puri. Lord Jagannatha and Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
are identical. Advaita Acarya pointed out that at Jagannatha Puri Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu ate fifty-four times a day, and each time He ate many
hundreds of pots of food.
Shri Advaita Acarya said, "The amount of food that three people can
eat does not constitute even a morsel for You. In proportion to that,
these edibles are not even five morsels of food for You."
Advaita Acarya continued, "By My great fortune You have just come
to My home. Please do not juggle words. Just begin eating and do not talk."
Upon saying this, Advaita Acarya supplied water to the two Lords so
that They could wash Their hands. The two Lords then sat down and, smiling,
began to eat the prasadam.
Nityananda Prabhu said, "I have undergone fasting for three days
continuously. Today I had hoped to break My fast."
Although Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was thinking that the quantity of
food was enormous, Nityananda Prabhu, on the contrary, thought it not even
a morsel. He had been fasting for three days and had greatly hoped to
break fast on that day. Indeed, He said, "Although I am invited to eat by
Advaita Acarya, today is also a fast. So small a quantity of food will not
even fill half My belly."
Advaita Acarya replied, "Sir, You are a mendicant traveling on
pilgrimage. Sometimes You eat fruits and roots, and sometimes You
simply go on fasting.
"I am a poor brahmana, and You have come to My home. Please be
satisfied with whatever little food You have received and give up Your greedy
Lord Nityananda Prabhu replied, "Whatever I may be, You have
invited Me. Therefore You must supply as much as I want to eat."
His Divine Grace Advaita Acarya, after hearing the statement of
Nityananda Prabhu, took the opportunity presented by the joking words and spoke
to Him as follows.
Advaita Acarya said, "You are a reject paramahamsa, and You have
accepted the renounced order of life just to fill up Your belly. I can
understand that Your business is to give trouble to brahmanas."
There is always a difference of opinion between a smarta-brahmana
and a Vaishnava gosvami. There are even smarta opinions and Vaishnava gosvami
opinions available in astrological and astronomical calculations. By
calling Nityananda Prabhu a bhrasta avadhuta (a rejected paramahamsa), Advaita
Acarya Prabhu in a sense accepted Shri Nityananda Prabhu as a
In other words, Nityananda Prabhu had nothing to do with the rules
governing smarta-brahmanas. Thus, under pretense of condemning Him, Advaita
Acarya was actually praising Him. In the avadhuta stage, the paramahamsa stage,
which is the supermost stage, one may appear to be visayi, on the platform
of sense gratification, but in actuality he has nothing to do with sense
gratification. At that stage, a person sometimes accepts the symptoms
and dress of a sannyasi and sometimes does not. Sometimes he dresses like
a householder. We should know, however, that these are all joking words
between Advaita Acarya and Nityananda Prabhu. They are not to be taken
Advaita Acarya accused Nityananda Prabhu, saying, "You can eat ten
to twenty manas of rice. I am a poor brahmana. How shall I get so much
A mana is a measurement containing about four kilograms.
"Whatever You have, though it be a palmful of rice, please eat it
and get up. Don't show Your madness and strew the remnants of food here and
In this way, Nityananda Prabhu and Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu ate and
talked with Advaita Acarya jokingly. After eating half of each
vegetable preparation given to Him, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu abandoned it and
went on to the next.
As soon as half of the vegetable in the pot was finished, Advaita
Acarya filled it up again. In this way, as the Lord finished half of a
preparation, Advaita Acarya again and again filled it up.
After filling a pot with vegetables, Advaita Acarya requested Them
to eat more, and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said, "How much more can I go on
Advaita Acarya said, "Please do not give up whatever I have already
given You. Now, whatever I am giving, You may eat half and leave half."
In this way, by submitting various humble requests, Advaita Acarya
made Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Lord Nityananda eat. Thus Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu fulfilled all the desires of Advaita Acarya.
Again Nityananda Prabhu jokingly said, "My belly is not yet filled
up. Please take away Your food. I have not taken the least of it."
After saying this, Nityananda Prabhu took a handful of rice and
threw it on the floor in front of Him, as if He were angry.
When two or four grains of the thrown rice touched His body,
Advaita Acarya began to dance in various ways with the rice still stuck to His
When the rice thrown by Nityananda Prabhu touched His body, Advaita
Acarya thought Himself purified by the touch of remnants thrown by
Paramahamsa Nityananda. Therefore He began dancing.
The word avadhuta refers to one above all rules and regulations.
Sometimes, not observing all the rules and regulations of a sannyasi,
Nityananda Prabhu exhibited the behavior of a mad avadhuta. He threw
the remnants of food on the ground, and some of these remnants touched the
body of Advaita Acarya. Advaita Acarya accepted this happily because He
presented Himself as a member of the community of smarta-brahmanas. By touching
the remnants of food thrown by Nityananda Prabhu, Advaita Acarya
immediately felt Himself purified of all smarta contamination. The remnants of
food left by a pure Vaishnava are called maha-maha-prasadam. This is completely
spiritual and is identified with Lord Vishnu. Such remnants are not
ordinary. The spiritual master is to be considered on the stage of paramahamsa
and beyond the jurisdiction of the varnasrama institution. The remnants of
food left by the spiritual master and similar paramahamsas or pure
Vaishnavas are purifying. When an ordinary person touches such prasadam, his mind is
purified, and his mind is raised to the status of a pure brahmana. The
behavior and statements of Advaita Acarya are meant for the
understanding of ordinary people who are unaware of the strength of spiritual values,
not knowing the potency of food left by the bona fide spiritual master and
Advaita Acarya jokingly said, "My dear Nityananda, I have invited
You, and indeed I have received the results. You have no fixed caste or
dynasty. By nature You are a madman.
The words sahaje pagala ("by nature a madman") indicate that
Nityananda Prabhu was transcendentally situated on the paramahamsa stage. Because
He always remembered Radha-Krishna and Their service, this was
transcendental madness. Shri Advaita Acarya was pointing out this fact.
"To make Me a madman like Yourself, You have thrown the remnants of
Your food at Me. You did not even fear the fact that I am a brahmana."
The words apanara sama indicate that Advaita Acarya considered
Himself to belong to the smarta-brahmanas, and He considered Nityananda Prabhu to
be on the transcendental stage with pure Vaishnavas. Lord Nityananda gave
Advaita Acarya His remnants to situate Him on the same platform and make Him a
pure unalloyed Vaishnava or paramahamsa. Advaita Acarya's statement
indicates that a paramahamsa Vaishnava is transcendentally situated. A pure Vaishnava
is not subject to the rules and regulations of the smarta-brahmanas. That was
the reason for Advaita Acarya's stating, apanara sama more karibara tare:
"to raise Me to Your own standard." A pure Vaishnava, or a person on the
paramahamsa stage, accepts the remnants of food (maha-prasadam) as
spiritual. He does not consider it to be material or sense
gratificatory. He accepts maha-prasadam not as ordinary dal and rice but as spiritual
substance. To say nothing of the remnants of food left by a pure
Vaishnava, prasadam is never polluted, even if it is touched by the mouth of a
candala. Indeed, it retains its spiritual value. Therefore by eating or
touching such maha-prasadam, a brahmana is not degraded. There is no question of
being polluted by touching the remnants of such food. Actually, by eating
such maha-prasadam, one is freed from all the contaminations of the
material condition. That is the verdict of the sastra.
There is a story that a plate of maha-prasadam that had been offered
to the Deity in one of the temples of Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura
had somehow been approached by a dog who started to sniff and touch the
maha-prasadam. None of the devotees knew what to do with the
maha-prasadam after the dog had touched it, but Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati
Thakura, as the acarya, took the plate of maha-prasadam and honored it--ate it.
Nityananda Prabhu replied, "These are the remnants of food left by
Lord Krishna. If You take them to be ordinary remnants, You have committed an
In the Brhad-visnu Purana it is stated that one who considers
maha-prasadam to be equal to ordinary rice and dal certainly commits a
great offense. Ordinary edibles are touchable and untouchable, but there are
nosuch dualistic considerations where prasadam is concerned. Prasadam is
transcendental, and there are no transformations or contaminations,
just as there are no contaminations or transformations in the body of Lord
Vishnu Himself. Thus even if one is a brahmana, he is certain to be attacked
by leprosy and bereft of all family members if he makes such dualistic
considerations. Such an offender goes to hell, never to return. This
is the injunction of the Brhad-visnu Purana.
Shrila Nityananda Prabhu continued, "If You invite at least one
hundred sannyasis to Your home and feed them sumptuously, Your offense will be
Advaita Acarya replied, "I shall never again invite another
sannyasi, for it is a sannyasi who has spoiled all My brahminical smrti
After this, Advaita Acarya made the Lords wash Their hands and
mouths. He then took Them to a nice bed and made Them lie down to take rest.
Shri Advaita Acarya fed the two Lords cloves and cardamom mixed with
tulasi flowers. Thus there was a good flavor within Their mouths.
Shri Advaita Acarya then smeared the bodies of the Lords with
pulp and then placed very fragrant flower garlands on Their chests.
When the Lord lay down on the bed, Advaita Acarya wanted to massage
His legs, but the Lord was very hesitant and spoke as follows to Advaita
Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Advaita Acarya, You have made Me
dance in various ways. Now give up this practice. Go with Mukunda and Haridasa
and accept Your lunch."
Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is here telling Advaita Acarya that it is
not befitting for a sannyasi to accept nice beds to lie on or to chew
cloves and cardamom and have his body smeared with sandalwood pulp. Nor is it
befitting for him to accept fragrant garlands and have his legs massaged by a
pure Vaishnava. "You have already made Me dance according to Your vow,"
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Now please stop it. You can go and take Your lunch
with Mukunda and Haridasa."
Thereupon Advaita Acarya took prasadam with Mukunda and Haridasa,
and they all wholeheartedly ate as much as they desired.
When the people of Santipura heard that Lord Shri Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu was staying there, they all immediately came to see His lotus feet.
Being very pleased, all the people loudly began to shout the holy
name of the Lord, "Hari! Hari!" Indeed, they became struck with wonder upon
seeing the beauty of the Lord.
They saw Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's very fair-complexioned body and
its bright luster, which conquered the brilliance of the sun. Over and
above this was the beauty of the saffron garments that glittered upon His
People came and went with great pleasure. There was no calculating
how many people assembled there before the day was over.
* * *
So we can end the reading now, and you can hand me the papers with the
questions to answer.
Shri Advaita Acarya Prabhu ki jaya!
Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu ki jaya!