|NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Interfaith > Chand Kazi and Chaitanya > 07 Spirit Soul|
Then Chaitanya Mahaprabhu changed the subject and began to discuss philosophy:"Ruh (soul) which is described in the Holy Qur'an-remains in two stages. Ruh-Mujarradi and Ruh-Tarkavi. Tarkavi-ruh is in bondage, possesses desires and a mind whereas Mujarradi-Ruh is pure and distinct from the ephemeral.Mujarradi also means eternal, but Jisam means tem¬porary. Mujarradi transcends time and space whereas Jisam is within the limits of time and space."
It is stated in the sura "Al-Anbiya," or "The Prophets" of the HoIyQur'an (21.35):
"Every soul shall have a taste of death. And We test you by evil and by good by way of trial. To Us must you return."The eminent Muslim scholar and ustad (master) Abdullah Yusuf Ali comments:
"The soul does not die, but when it separates from the body at the death of the body, the soul gets a taste of death."9
Thus the death of the body will give a taste of death to the soul when the soul is separated from the body.Therefore the body is temporary but the soul is eternal. When the spirit soul came to this material world he received a material body and mind; thus further developing desires for material enjoyment. In this way he becomes entangled by the laws of material nature. But if the soul develops pure love of God, he can return to the eternal spiritual world which is beyond the limits of time and space.It is stated in the sura "An-Nisa," or "The Women" of the Holy Qur'an (4.157-158):
"That they said, 'We killed Jesus Christ, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah.'But they killed him not, nor crucified him. Only a like¬ness of that was shown to them. And those who dis¬agree concerning it are in doubt thereof. They have no knowledge thereof but only conjecture to follow. They kill him not for sure.But Allah took him up unto Himself. Allah is Mighty, Wise."The end of Jesus Christ's life on earth is as much involved in mystery as his birth, and indeed the greater part of his private life, except the three main years of his preaching. There were many doubts and presumptions among the early Christian sects and among Muslim theologians. The Orthodox Christian Churches make it a cardinal point of their doctrine that his life was taken on the Cross, he died and was buried. Then on the third day he rose in his body with his wounds intact. He walked about, conversed, ate with his disciples, and afterwards was taken up bodily to heaven. This is necessary for the theological doctrine of blood sacrifice and vicarious atonement for sins, which is rejected by Islam. But some of the early Christian sects did not believe that Christ was killed on the Cross. The Gospel of St. Peter states that Barabas was crucified instead of Jesus. The Basilidans believed that some one else was substituted for Christ. The Docetae held that Christ never had a real physical or natural body, but only an apparent or phantom body, and that his Crucifixion was only apparent, not real. The Marcionite Gospel (about 138 AD) denied that Jesus was born, and merely said that he appeared in human form. The Gospel of St. Barnabas supported the theory of substitution on the Cross. The Qur'anic teaching is:
1. Christ was not crucified nor killed by the Jews, al¬though certain apparent circumstances produced this illusion in the minds of some of his enemies;
2. Disputations, doubts, and conjectures on such mat¬ters are in vain;
3. Jesus was taken up to Allah.
So the Jews did not kill Jesus, but Allah rafa'u (took or raised) him up to Himself.Thus the above description gives us a clear understanding that the soul is eternal and different from the body. A soul within the material world possesses the material body, mind and desires. Such a soul is in bondage. He is encaged in the material body. He is distinct from the material body but he falsely thinks, "I am this body." But by practicing pure devotional service to God such a soul can achieve liberation from the bondage of the material body. A liberated soul is pure and free from the influence of the material world. The material world is temporary and within the limits of time and space while the spiritual world is eternal and beyond the limi tations of time and space. When Jesus Christ accomplished his mission on earth "Allah took him up unto Himself" into the spiritual realm, where life is eternal because birth, death, old age and disease do not exist there.