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The Navadvipa city magistrate holds the title of Kazi. The city magistrate at that time was known as Chand i W Kazi. The landholders levied taxes on the land, but keeping law and order and punishing criminals was the duty entrusted to the Kazi. Both the Kazi and the landholders were under the control of the governor of Bengal, who at that time was known as Suba-bangala. The districts of Madia, Islampura and Bagoyana were all under the landholder named Hari Hoda or his descendant known as Krishnadas Hoda. It is said that Chand Kazi was the spiritual master of Nawab Hussein Shah. According to one opinion Chand Kazi's name was Maulana Sirajuddin, and according to another, his name was Habibar Rahman. Descendants of Chand Kazi are still living in the vicinity of Mayapur. People still go to see the tomb of Chand Kazi, which is underneath a champaka and neem tree and is known as Chand Kazi's samadhi.Chand Kazi angrily came to Shrivas Pandit's house one evening, and witnessed a joyful kirtana (singing) going on, he broke the mridanga (drum) and spoke as follows: "For so long you all did not follow the regula¬tive principles of the Hindu religion, but now you are following them with great enthusiasm. May I know by whose strength you are doing so?"
It appears that from the time of Baktiyar Khiliji in Bengal until the time of Chand Kazi, Hindus, or the fol¬lowers of the Vedic principles, were greatly suppressed. Practically no one could execute their Hindu religious principles freely. Chand Kazi was referring to this state of Hindu society. Formerly the Hindus were not publicly executing their Hindu principles, but now they were freely chanting the Hare Krishna maha-mantra. Therefore it must have been by the strength of someone else that they were so daring.Actually, that was the fact. Although the members of the so-called Hindu society had followed the social cus¬toms and rituals, they had practically forgotten to ex¬ecute their religious principles strictly. But with the pres¬ence of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu they actually began following the regulative principles according to his order.Chand Kazi continued: "No one should perform sankirtana on the streets of the city. Today I am excusing the offense and returning home. The next time I see someone peiforming such sankirtana, certainly I shall chastise him by not only confiscating all his property but also converting him into a Muslim."
After saying this, the Kazi returned home.
To convert a Hindu into a Muslim was an easy affair in those days. If a Muslim simply sprinkled water on the body of a Hindu, it was supposed that the Hindu had become a Muslim. Hindu society was so strict at the time of Chaitanya that if a Hindu was converted into a Muslim, there was no chance of him being readmitted into the Hindu religion. In this way the Mus¬lim population in India increased. None of the Muslims came from outside; social customs somehow or other forced Hin¬dus to become Muslims, with no chance of returning to Hindu society. Emperor Auranzeb also inaugurated a tax, which only Hindus had to pay. Thus all the poor Hindus of the lower class voluntarily became Muslims to avoid the fax. In this way the Muslim population in India increased. Chand Kazi threatened to convert the people into Muslims by the simple process of sprinkling water on their bodies.