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1.THE SANKIRTANA MOVEMENT
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu appeared in the late fifteenth century, 1486. He took birth in Bengal, India, which at the time was being governed by the Pathana Muslims.At the age of seventeen Chaitanya Mahaprabhu started his sankirtana (chanting God's names) movement. He preached to all the citizens of Mavadvipa to chant the Hare Krishna mantra (hymn), and in each and every home they began performing sankirtana regularly. When thesan/cirtana movement thus started, no one in Mavadvipa could hear any other sound except the words "Hari! Hari!" and the beating of the mridangas (drums) and clashing of hand cymbals. Hearing the continuŽous chanting of the Hare Krishna mantra, the local Muslims became very disturbed so submitted a formal complaint to Chand Kazi.