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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Deity Worship > Sukta

Sukta

 

sahasra-sirsa purusah sahasraksah sahasra-pat

sa bhumim visvato vrtvaty atisthad dasangulam

The Supreme Lord's universal form has a thousand heads, a thousand eyes, and a thousand feet, for He contains all living entities. Having pervaded the universe completely to give it existence, and being independent, He extended Himself beyond the universe by ten fingers.

  Chant idam asanam and the Deity mula-mantra while showing the asana-mudra; then bring the Deity (on His simhasana) behind the snana-patra (away from you).

2. Svagata

  Chant:

purusa evedam sarvam yad bhutam yac ca bhavyam

utamrtatvasyesano yad annenatirohati

The universes-past, present, and future-are but manifestations of the Supreme Lord's purusa expansion. Though He is the Lord of immortality, he has manifest Himself as the purusa in the universe so that the jivas may enjoy material fruits.

  Chant svagatam su-svagatam and the Deity mula-mantra, and show the svasti-mudra, welcoming the Lord and making Him comfortable.

3. Padya

  Chant:

etavan asya mahima ato jyayams ca purusah

pado 'sya visva bhutani tri-padasyamrtam divi

The past, present, and future universes are manifestations of the Lord's powers, but the Lord Himself is much greater. All the living beings of the universe are but one quarter portion, and the eternal nature in the spiritual sky exists in three quarters portion.

  Chant etat padyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and show the padya-mudra; then offer padya water to wash the Lord's lotus feet, discarding it in the snana-patra.

  Chant idam anga-vastram and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer a towel to dry the Lord's feet.

  Chant esa gandhah and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer candana to the Lord's lotus feet with a flower petal.

  Chant esa puspanjalih and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer flower petals to the Lord's lotus feet.

4. Arghya

  Chant:

tri-pad urdhva udait purusah pado 'syehabhavat punah

tato visvan vyakramat sasananasane abhi

The three quarters portion of the Lord transcended the material portion. The Lord in the one quarter portion manifested the universe again, as He had done repeatedly before. The Lord of the one quarter portion began the work of creation, by going all around, taking the form of all animate and inanimate objects.

  Chant idam arghyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and show the arghya-mudra; then offer arghya to the Lord in His hands so He can sprinkle it over His head. Discard the arghya into the snana-patra or visarjaniya-patra.

5. Acamana

  Chant:

tasmad virad ajayata virajo adhi purusah

sa jato atyaricyata pascad bhumim atho purah

From the Lord, the universe was born, and in that universe was born the virat-purusa, the Supersoul of the universe. Then the virat-purusa grew and produced the earth and the bodies of the jivas.

  Chant idam acamaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and show the acamaniya-mudra; then offer acamana for the Lord to sip, discarding it in the visarjaniya-patra.

6. Madhuparka

  Chant:

yat purusena havisa deva yajnam atanvata

vasanto 'syasid ajyam grisma idhmah sarad dhavih

The devatas, the first beings manifested, performed a mental sacrifice to complete the creation. For this sacrifice they used the virat-purusa [the raw ingredients of the material world] as the offering. Spring was the ghee, summer the fuel-wood, and autumn the offering.

  Chant esa madhuparkah and the Deity mula-mantra, and show the madhuparka-mudra; then offer a cup of madhuparka to the Lord's right hand.

7. Punar-acamana

  Chant:

saptasyasan paridhayah trih sapta samidhah krtah

deva yad yajnam tanvana abadhnan purusam pasum

In this sacrifice the blades of kusa grass strewn around the fire [for protection from raksasas] were seven [the seven Vedic poetic meters], and the fuel sticks were twenty-one [twelve months, five seasons, three worlds, and the sun]. The devatas who performed the mental sacrifice tied the virat-purusa to offer Him as the sacrificial animal.

  Chant idam punar-acamaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer acamana for the Lord to sip, discarding it in the visarjaniya-patra.

8. Snana

Cleaning the Deity Before His Bath (murti-suddhi)

  If conchshell eyes, silver tilaka, sacred thread, crown, or other ornaments are affixed to the salagrama-sila, remove them now.

  Clean the Lord with a soft cloth or sponge dampened with warm water, in this way removing candana, tulasi leaves, and flower petals. Be careful not to touch the Lord's body directly with your left hand; if you must touch the Lord with that hand, make sure it is covered with a handkerchief or towel.

  Place a tulasi leaf and flower petals dipped in candana on a stand in the snana-patra, where the Deity will sit for bathing.*

  Chant ime paduke and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer shoes to the Lord; then with a gesture of the hand escort Him to the stand in the snana-patra.

  Chant idam anga-vastram and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer a flower petal and candana as a gamcha. Discard the flower petal into the visarjaniya-patra.

Cleaning the Lord's Teeth (danta-dhavana)

Offer the following items if not already offered before mangala-arati. (If they are not available, you may offer them by substituting visesa-arghya water from the panca-patra.)

  Chant esa danta-kasthah and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer a twig for brushing the Lord's teeth.

  Chant etaj jihvollekhani and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer a tongue scraper.

  Chant idam gandusam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for rinsing the mouth.

  Chant idam hasta-mukha-praksalanam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for washing the Lord's hands and face.

  Chant etat padyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for washing the Lord's lotus feet.

  Chant idam anga-vastram and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer a cloth for drying the Lord's face, hands, and feet.

  Chant idam acamaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for sipping.

  Chant esa darpah and the Deity mula-mantra, and show the Lord a mirror.

  Chant idam tambulam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer betel to the Lord.

  Chant idam sugandha-tailam and the Deity mula-mantra, and massage the Lord with fragrant oil while holding Him in a cloth in your left hand.

Bathing and Drying the Lord

  Chant:

tam yajnam barhisi prauksan purusam jatam agratah

tena deva ayajanta sadhya rsayas ca ye

The devatas, sadhyas, and rsis placed the virat-purusa, the first being of the universe, on kusa grass and sprinkled Him with water for purification. In this way they conducted the mental sacrifice using the virat-purusa.

  Chant idam snaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and show the snana-mudra; then bathe the Lord by pouring water from the conch while chanting the Brahma-samhita's Govindam prayers and other appropriate prayers. Fill the conch at least three times.

  You may then bathe the Lord with pancamrta. As you pour (one after another, in this order;) the milk, yogurt, ghee, honey, and sugar water chant the following mantras:

idam ksira-snaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra;

idam dadhi-snaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra;

idam ghrta-snaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra;

idam madhu-snaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra;

idam sita-snaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra.

  After bathing the Lord in pancamrta, bathe Him again in warm water, thus removing remnants of the pancamrta from the salagrama-sila.

  Chant idam anga-vastram and the Deity mula-mantra, and dry the Lord with a soft cloth (taking care not to touch Him directly with the left hand).

  Smear the Lord with fragrant oil or ghee to give His body a shine.

  You may now affix conchshell eyes or metal eyes to the Lord's body (preferably using beeswax).

  Chant idam tilakam and the Deity mula-mantra, and decorate the Lord with tilaka. (Optional: paint tilaka after offering vastra. You may also paint eyes with gopi-candana or candana if there are no conchshell eyes or metal eyes).

  Place the Lord on His throne.

  Chant idam acamaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for sipping.

9. Vastra

  Chant:

tasmad yajnat sarva-hutah sambhrtam prsad-ajyam

pasun tams cakre vayavyan aranyan gramyas ca ye

From that sacrifice where everything in the universe was sacrificed, yogurt and ghee-and indeed, all nourishing foods-were produced. It created the animals of the air, forest, and village.

  Chant idam vastram, idam uttariyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and show the vastra-mudra; then offer fresh clothing to the Lord. (You may place a lower cloth under salagrama-sila and a chadar around behind Him.)

  Chant idam acamaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for sipping.

  Chant idam upavitam and the Deity mula-mantra while showing the upavita-mudra; then offer a sacred thread to the Lord.

  Chant idam acamaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for sipping.

10. Abharana

  Chant:

tasmad yajnat sarva-huta rcah samani jajnire

chandamsi jajnire tasmad yajus tasmad ajayata

From that ultimate sacrifice, or sarva-huta, were born the rk [hymns], sama [music], and yajus [prose] portions of the Vedas, along with the seven Vedic meters.

  Chant imani abharanani and the Deity mula-mantra while showing the abharana-mudra; then offer the Lord a crown and other ornaments.

11. Gandha

  Chant:

tasmad asva ajayanta ye ke cobhayadatah

gavo ha jajnire tasmat tasmaj jata ajavayah

Horses were born from the sacrifice, along with animals with two sets of teeth, such as donkeys and mules. Cows were also born from the sacrifice, along with goats and sheep.

  Chant esa gandhah and the Deity mula-mantra while showing the gandha-mudra; then offer candana and scents according to season.

12. Puspa

  Chant:

yat purusam vyadadhuh katidha vyakalpayan

mukham kim asya kau bahu kav uru pada ucyete

In the mental sacrifice, when they divided up the virat-purusa, how many parts did they divide? What is stated about His face, arms, thighs, and feet?

  Chant etani puspani and the Deity mula-mantra while showing the puspa-mudra; then offer fragrant flowers to the Lord's lotus feet.

  Chant etani tulasi-patrani and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer tulasi leaves and manjaris to the Lord's lotus feet. (Affix them near the base or toward the back, not on the cheeks or head, if the sila has a face.  If no face is there, affix them anywhere on the sila.)

  Chant ime malye and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer flower garlands and a tulasi garland to the Lord. (Chant idam malyam for one garland.) Alternatively, you may offer garlands just after offering ornaments or just before pranama, the sixteenth upacara.

13. Dhupa

  Chant:

brahmano 'sya mukham asid bahu rajanyah krtah

uru tad asya yad vaisyah padbhyam sudro ajayata

The brahmanas arose from the face [of the virat-purusa], the ksatriyas from His two arms, the vaisyas from His thighs, and the sudras from His feet.

  Chant esa dhupah and the Deity mula-mantra while showing the dhupa-mudra; then offer incense to the Lord.

14. Dipa

  Chant:

candrama manaso jatas caksoh suryo ajayata

mukhad indras cagnis ca pranad vayur ajayata

His mind gave rise to the moon; His two eyes, the sun; His breath, Vayu; and His mouth, Indra and Agni.

  Chant esa dipah and the Deity mula-mantra while showing the dipa-mudra; then offer the Lord a ghee lamp.

  You may now perform drsty-apasarana (the dispelling of inauspicious influences) by waving a small plate with mustard seeds or nim leaves before the Lord. (Later burn them outdoors.)

15. Naivedya

  Chant idam asanam and the guru-mula-mantra, and offer an asana to your spiritual master.

Purifying the bhoga (some fruit and/or sweets and water)

  Chant om astraya phat and sprinkle the bhoga with visesa-arghya water. Show the cakra-mudra. Over drinking water show the galini-mudra.

  Take some water in your right hand and chant yam (the vayu-bija) into it eight times.

  Sprinkle the water over the bhoga while meditating on drying up any faults the food may have.

  Showing the bijaksara-mudra (with palm up), meditate on ram (the agni-bija) in your right palm and then "pour" it over the bhoga to burn up the faults.

  Showing the bijaksara-mudra (with palm up), meditate on tham (the amrta-bija) in your left palm and then "pour" it over the bhoga.

  Showing the dhenu-mudra, meditate on the food as amrta.

  Chant the Deity mula-mantra eight times into some water in your right palm, and then sprinkle the water on the bhoga.

  Again chant the mula-mantra over the bhoga while showing the bijaksara-mudra; then protect the bhoga with the matsya-mudra.

  Place tulasi leaves on the bhoga.

  Chant idam asanam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer an asana to the Lord.

  Chant etat padyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for washing the Lord's lotus feet.

  Chant idam acamaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for sipping.

Parisesana-offering to the pranas

  Chant om amrtopastaranam asi svaha and offer water for the Lord to sip as a seat of nectar for the food.

  Show the prana-mudras over the bhoga with the right hand and chant:

om pranaya svaha (with your ring finger and small finger touching your thumb);

om apanaya svaha (with your middle finger and forefinger touching your thumb);

om vyanaya svaha (with your ring finger and middle finger touching your thumb);

om udanaya svaha (with your ring finger, middle finger, and forefinger touching your thumb);

om samanaya svaha (with four fingers touching your thumb).

Offering the Bhoga

  Chant:

nabhya asid antariksam sirsno dyauh samavartata

padbhyam bhumir disah srotrat tatha lokan akalpayan

From His navel arose the space between earth and heaven; from His head, the heavens; from His feet, the earth; and from His ears, the directions. In this way the worlds were created.

  Chant idam naivedyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer bhoga to the Lord.

  Chant idam paniyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer a glass of drinking water and/or other suitable drinks to the Lord.

  Chant nivedayami bhavate jusanedam havir hare, praying for the Lord to accept the offering, and lift the plate briefly with both hands (as a gesture of offering). Then show the grasa-mudra.

  While ringing the bell, chant the pranama-mantras three times each for your spiritual master, Lord Chaitanya, and Krishna (see Volume I, page 185).

  Chant the gopala-mantra and kama-gayatri mantra with eyes closed, meditating on the Lord taking His meal with His associates. Wait a short time for the Lord to enjoy His meal, then open your eyes.

After the Meal

  Clap your hands three times and offer the following items while ringing the bell:

  Chant om amrtapidanam asi svaha and offer water for the Lord to sip as a covering of nectar for the food.

  Chant idam gandusam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for rinsing the mouth.

  Chant idam hasta-mukha-praksalanam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for washing the Lord's hands and face.

  Chant etat padyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for washing the Lord's lotus feet.

  Chant idam anga-vastram and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer a cloth for drying the Lord's face, hands, and feet.

  Chant idam acamaniyam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer water for sipping.

  Chant esa gandhah and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer candana for the Lord to freshen His hands and face.

  Chant ime malye and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer additional flower garlands to the Lord. (Chant idam malyam for one garland.)

  Chant idam mukha-vasam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer sweet spices to scent the Lord's mouth.

  Chant idam tambulam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer betel to the Lord.

  Chant idam sarvam and the Deity mula-mantra, and offer flowers to the Lord's lotus feet. These flowers represent whatever else might be pleasing to Him.

16. Pranama-Concluding Activities

  Chant:

vedaham etam purusam mahantam

aditya varnam tamasas tu pare

sarvani rupani vicintya dhiro

namani krtvabhivadan yad aste

I know that great virat-purusa, as effulgent as the sun, who stands beyond the darkness of the material creation. Having given all the living entities their forms and names, He directs their affairs.

 

Tulasi bathing

 

 

 

(From Brihad-Naradiya Purana) story of Tulasi

 

The Lord then began to praise His glorious devotee. "The Tulasi trees collect in many groups, thus the pandits call it Vrinda. I praise that dear Tulasi. Long ago she appeared in the Vrindavana forest and is thus known as Vrindavani. I adore that auspicious and glorious one. She is always worshipped in countless universes and so is known as Visvapujita--one who is worshipped throughout the world. I worship that Visvapujita.

"Countless universes are made pure and holy by her contact. She is therefore called Visvapavani--one who purifies the whole universe. Remembering her, I am suffering from separation from her. Though other flowers be heaped upon the Lord, He is not satisfied unless Tulasi is offered. Thus she is considered the essence of all flowers and is called Puspasara. Now I am anguished and troubled and very eager to see her--she who is purity incarnate. I crave the favor of that goddess. Because attainment of her brings faith and joy, she is called Nandini. O may she be pleased with Me. In the whole world she is incomparable, thus she is called Tulasi. I take refuge of that dear Tulasi. Very chaste and dear, she is the life of Krishna and so is known as Krishnajivani. O may that goddess save my life."

After Lord Hari finished the ceremony and prayers, Tulasi was pleased and came out of the tree. She immediately took refuge at Lord Hari's lotus feet. He blessed her by saying, "O Tulasi, you will be worshiped by all throughout the world. Dearest, I will hold you on my head and in my heart; and all the demigods will hold you on their heads."

When Lord Hari saw that the dignified Tulasi was weeping because her feelings had been hurt by Saraswati, He clasped her to His breast, took her to Saraswati and reconciled their differences. Then He blessed Tulasi, saying, "You will be worshiped by all, honored by all and respected by all. And all will carry you on their heads. I also will worship, honor and respect you and carry you on My head."

Tulasi was now very happy. Saraswati then embraced her and seated her by her side. Laksmi and Ganga, smiling, also hugged her, and then took her home.