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4. PROTECTION OF THE PEOPLE
The earth is clothed by the ocean, the house by the courtyard, the state by the ruler and women by character
Devotion to husband is women's duty, loyalty ministers', protection of people is the ruler's duty, good behaviour of great souls.
Without reason and without fault, the ruler should not frown on or wound servants, he should protect them justly.
Water which has gone into the earth is pure, pure too are: a chaste woman, a ruler who creates welfare and a Brahmin who is satisfied.
The'ruler is the refuge for all: the orphaned, the poor, the infant, the old, the recluse, the wronged and the humiliated.
The ruler is the refuge for all: the weak, the orphaned, the young, the old, the ascetics and those who have been wronged or humiliated.
The ruler is the strength of the weak, as crying is that of children, silence of fools, and falsehood of thieves.
Five are deemed as mother: the ruler's wife, teacher's wife, friend's wife, wife's mother and one's own mother.
The courtesan deserts the impoverished man, people desert a weakened ruler, birds a fruitless tree, the guest deserts a house after enjoying food.