Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Chanakya Pandita > MAXIMS OF CHANAKYA > MAXIMS FROM CHANAKYA RAJANITI SHASTRA > MISCELLANEOUS MAXIMS

12. MISCELLANEOUS MAXIMS

 

The ruler's strength is the army,  the  Brahmin's  strength is  learning, the courtesan's wealth and the servant's unstinted  devotion to duty.

 

The ruler's strength  is the  valour- of the  army,  Brahmin's  knowledge of God,   and women's supreme strength is the  sweetness of youth and beauty.

 

The army without a commander is lost, as also learning with­out  activity, actions of illiterates and women without husbands.

 

The army without a commander is lost, like a beautiful barren  woman, a sacrifice without donation and an offering to the dead  without a priest.

 

The army without a commander is lost, like the learning of a lazy  person, women who are entrusted  to others, a field with inadequate  seed.

 

The crossing of a great (turbulent) river, fight with great men, enmity  of a large number of people should all be avoided (by the ruler).

 

Fodder, fuel and food, and various weapons should always be kept  in a fortress, in anticipation of enemy's attack.

 

 

In epidemic, foreign invasion, famine and when evil men join  together, he who flees lives.

 

The warrior who returns from the battle is praised, like the grain  brought home, well-digested food and a wife whose youth is gone.

 

Warriors who are afraid of battle do not go to heaven, as also  Brahmins who are afraid of the cold and women who are afraid of  the fire.

 

One should not go between (interfere with) two Brahmins, between  the Brahmin and his fire, couples, master and servant, the bullock  and the plough.