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12. MISCELLANEOUS MAXIMS
The ruler's strength is the army, the Brahmin's strength is learning, the courtesan's wealth and the servant's unstinted devotion to duty.
The ruler's strength is the valour- of the army, Brahmin's knowledge of God, and women's supreme strength is the sweetness of youth and beauty.
The army without a commander is lost, as also learning without activity, actions of illiterates and women without husbands.
The army without a commander is lost, like a beautiful barren woman, a sacrifice without donation and an offering to the dead without a priest.
The army without a commander is lost, like the learning of a lazy person, women who are entrusted to others, a field with inadequate seed.
The crossing of a great (turbulent) river, fight with great men, enmity of a large number of people should all be avoided (by the ruler).
Fodder, fuel and food, and various weapons should always be kept in a fortress, in anticipation of enemy's attack.
In epidemic, foreign invasion, famine and when evil men join together, he who flees lives.
The warrior who returns from the battle is praised, like the grain brought home, well-digested food and a wife whose youth is gone.
Warriors who are afraid of battle do not go to heaven, as also Brahmins who are afraid of the cold and women who are afraid of the fire.
One should not go between (interfere with) two Brahmins, between the Brahmin and his fire, couples, master and servant, the bullock and the plough.