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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Chanakya Pandita > MAXIMS OF CHANAKYA > MAXIMS FROM CHANAKYA RAJANITI SHASTRA > MISCELLANEOUS DICTA FOR RULERS

7. MISCELLANEOUS DICTA FOR RULERS

 

The ruler should painstakingly protect: political science, archery, art  of love, dance, accountancy, music, mathematics and the fine arts.

 

The ruler should not be disheartened when misfortune comes, he  should also not feel elated in prosperity. He should be neither happy  nor sad.

 

Brave men do not become sad when they beget trouble. Does not  the moon which enters the dragonhead's mouth again come out?

 

The ruler should be wise, friendly, flawless in his dealings, keep  distance, be sacrificing and equally disposed towards pain and  pleasure.

 

One should ever guard against fickleness and falsehood in men,  priests and servant class.

 

Righteousness is protected by wealth, learning by practice, the ruler  by gentleness, the home by a good woman.

 

Wandering at night is poison,   pleasure of the ruler is poison,  women whose hearts are lost to others are poison, disease  undetected is poison.

 

(The ruler) should sit  with good people, keep company with them,  discuss with them and be friendly with them, not with had n^nnlp

 

On should stay with scholars, humble ones, those who know the  righteous path, and those who speak the truth even in prison, but  not with evil ones in a state.

 

One eye is discerning judgement, the other is the company of good  people.   He who does not have these two eyes falls fast into the  well of delusion.

 

That dull-headed person who cannot discern a foe, friend, a lazy  one, a mediator, an old man, a teacher perishes everywhere.

 

The ruler who moves about is venerated, as also the Brahmin and  the yogi who travel, but a woman who wanders gets destroyed.

 

The ruler who does not donate, impertinent servants, obstinate  friends and an impudent wife—these four pierce the head like  spears,

 

The ruler should give up pleasures and enjoyments.  Those  addicted to pleasures are likely to fall into the hands of enemies.

 

The ruler addicted to dice, hunting, women, drinking, aimless  wandering and sleep perishes fast.

 

He who violates established righteous practices by logic or  argument perishes fast in this world and the hereafter.

 

The ruler who indulges in pleasure-making and is proud of retinue  and wealth is easily captured by enemies.

 

Rulers who are satisfied are lost, dissatisfied Brahmins are lost,  modest courtesans are lost as also immodest family women.