Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Chanakya Pandita > MAXIMS OF CHANAKYA > MAXIMS FROM CHANAKYA RAJANITI SHASTRA > FRIENDS AND ENEMIES

10.  FRIENDS AND ENEMIES

 

 He is the friend who stands by in illness, adversity, famine, attack  by enemy, at the ruler's door and the cremation ground.

 

One should avoid a friend who speaks sweetly in one's presence  and acts against one behind one's back. Such a friend is like a  pitcher full of poison, with milk at the surface.

 

Alliance with good people is conducive to prosperity  (not with bad  ones). The grain separated from the husk does not get beaten.

 

The good qualities of even an enemy should be spoken, as also the  bad qualities of even a teacher.  Logically spoken words should be  grasped, not everything out of respect for the teacher.

 

He who wishes to trust the enemy is deemed as the one who slept  on the tips of tree branches and fell.

 

An enemy who was defeated earlier and who has since become a  friend should not be trusted, as a burnt cave filled with smoke is not  trusted by the crow, even after the fire is extinguished.

 

One should not  rust a bad friend or even a good friend. Sometimes  an angered friend discloses all secrets.

 

One who does not trust us should not be trusted, even the  trustworthy should not be trusted too much.  Insecurity born out of  trust can destroy even the roots.

 

The remnants of an enemy can become  active like those of a  disease,  fire and debt.  Hence these should  be exterminated  completely.

 

Even a weak  enemy should  not be ignored by wise men, even a  weak fire can burn up a forest.

 

One should never ignore an enemy, knowing him to be weak. He  becomes dangerous in due course, like the spark of fire in a  havstack.

 

Even the children of enemies v»'ho have surrendered should not be  ignored by wise men. They will prove dangerous in due course.  Wild fires break out even from dry leaves of forest trees.

 

What is not possible by deployment of force is possible by the use  of stratagem.   The black cobra was defeated by the stra­tagem of  the crow and the golden chain.

 

One should not be too straightforward.  Go and sec the forest. The  straight trees are cut down, the crooked  ones  are  left  standing.