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5. FINANCIAL POLICY
The ruler should collect riches through just means and encourage noble intellectuals.
Even inept ascetics store up riches, why should not rulers, whose people are dependent on the treasury?
Transient riches, the means to the fulfilment of desires, are obtained with great difficulty. If they are not put to use here and now, when will there be another opportunity?
It is true that pleasures delight the mind, riches are pleasing, but life is transient like the trembling glance of the drunken damsel.
After amassing riches (which are impermanent), tu-rn your mind to righteousness (which is permanent). Riches perish along with oneself in a moment.
Wealth is the friend of the ruler in the forging of treaties, in war, in making donations, winning fame, in creating happiness for oneself and attaining liberation.
He who has wealth has friends, relatives, he counts in the world as a person and is deemed a scholar.
He who has wealth is deemed noble, scholar, proficient in scriptures, discerner of qualities, eloquent speaker, and attractive to look at. All qualities are dependent on wealth.
Wealth is caste, wealth is beauty, wealth is learning, wealth is fame, what can those deprived of wealth (and hence of life and qualities) aspire for?
The wealthy one buys beauty with enticements, strength through servants, noble respect through guests, lineage through marriages with big families.
All virtues are ever dependent on wealth, wealth captures pleasures, everything is dependent on wealth. Wealth enriches and enhances life.
Wealth is unbewildered beauty, wealth is auspicious family, wealth is unfaded youth, wealth is lasting life.
Qualities are attained by wealth, not wealth by qualities, the wealthy one is served by one with good qualities, not vice versa.
The old, the famous, the learned, the skilled, the valorous, the one versed in scriptures, poets, noble men all look at the rich man's face and say: "May you be victorious! May you live long!"
The poor are loathed in their own homes, the rich have affectionate relatives even in the other world,
From where does it come? Where does it go? It is impossible to know the path of wealth.
The rich are ever happy, the poor are ever sad, happiness and sorrow are divided among the rich and the poor.
All actions of one devoid of wealth and of poor retentivity go awry, like the bad river in summer.
Friends, sons, wife, relatives all desert the one devoid of wealth, they all return when he becomes rich. Wealth is ihe real friend of a man in this world.
Swans stay at a place when there is water. They abandon it when it dries up and come back when there is again water. Man should not be like swans.
There is only one defect that destroys good fortune: poverty, like the stain in the moon bathed in its rays. (None other has been sighted by the poets.)
The pariah and the poor one are even in scales, except that one is touched at least by relatives, whereas the other is abandoned even by them.
As the gardener plucks each flower in the garden, without destroying the roots, so should the ruler collect revenue without destroying the sources.
By proper milking is milk obtained, not by selling the cow. Similarly by due milking practice should the country be enjoyed by the ruler
Milk is not obtained by drying up the cow. Similarly from the country fruits are obtained by proper tapping and not by harassment.
As the bee collects honey gradually from the flowers, so should the ruler fill up the treasury, collecting revenue gradually.
The state has been likened to honey, but the bees are not to be killed. The ruler should protect the land and extract revenue as well.
The rulei's riches grow little by little, like the anthill, honeycomb and the moon in the bright fortnight.
Rulers seek riches, as fleas seek festering wounds, low ones seek quarrels and good men seek peace.
The ruler is never satisfied with revenue collection, as the ocean with incoming waters, the scholar with good sayings and the eye with the sight of the beloved.
The ruler's forces: elephants, horses and chariots are reinforced by what belongs to the Brahmins. In wartime, rulers beeome weak, if what belongs to the Brahmins is taken away.