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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Chanakya Pandita > MAXIMS OF CHANAKYA > MAXIMS FROM CHANAKYA RAJANITI SHASTRA > ESSENTIAL FEATURES OF A GOOD COUNTRY

9. ESSENTIAL FEATURES OF A GOOD COUNTRY

 

If there is no wife, where is the home? If there is no wealth,  where  is happiness?    If there is no land, where is foliage?  If there is no  village,  where is the question of a boundary?

 

One should not stay even for a day at a place, where the five do not  exist: the rich man, the priest, the ruler, river and the doctor.

 

One should not stay where the five do not exist: means of livelihood,  security, sense of shame, courtesy and philanthropy.

 

One should avoid the country where there is no reward for work, no  activity, no relatives or no means for learning.

 

Countries which have no leaders perish, as do those with many  leaders, women leaders or child leaders.

 

One should not stay in a country, which is leaderless, has many  leaders, a woman leader or a child leader.

 

One should stay where there is abundance ot respect.   One should  avoid a place where there is no respect.  One should avoid even an  air chariot with angels if there is no respect.

 

The discerning one should give up a bad country, bad livelihood,  bad wife, bad river, bad wealth, bad food.

 

Learned ones should give up bad country, bad livelihood, bad wife,  bad river, bad friend and bad food.

 

One should avoid at a distance: bad wife, bad country, bad ruler,  bad friend, bad relative.

 

On getting a bad country, where is the question of amassing    riches? On getting a bad son,  how can one get water offering?   Where is happiness in the house, on getting a bad wife?  Where is  the scope for fame, on getting a bad student?