|NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Chanakya Pandita > MAXIMS OF CHANAKYA > MAXIMS FROM ARTHASASTRA > MILITARY POLICY|
4. MILITARY POLICY
Armed forces under several commands do not, due to mutual fear, go over to the enemy.
(Groups of people) if stationed at one place are capable of acquiring arms.
Victor/ of rulers in battle depends mainly on elephants.
A fight between equals, like the collision of one unbaked pot with another, destroys both.
In a fight with an inferior, one attains absolute victory, like the stone hitting an earthen pot.
Power is the cause for the forging of treaties. Unheated metal does not join with metal.
The force of (an army) which returns to fight, without any desire to live, is irresistible. Hence a broken army should, not be harassed.
In daytime the crow kills the owl. At night the owl kills the crow. (The time of fight is important.)
In the fight between the dog and the pig the ultimate victorv is that of the pariah (who gets the meat to eat).
A dog on land drags a crocodile. A crocodile in water drags a dog. (The place of fight is important.)
One should sign a treaty of peace with one's equal and superior and fight with the inferior.
Fighting a superior is like an infantry soldier fighting an elephant.
(A weak ruler) surrendering to everyone lives without hope in life like the crab on the river bank (always in the danger of being captured). One who fights with a small army perishes like the one who tries to cross the sea without a boat. Hence he should seek refuge with a powerful ruler or remain in an impregnable fort.
An army not under control can be brought under control by conciliation and other means.