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In all cases an offence concerning women or relatives, professional  rivalry, hatred of opposition, market association, or trade guilds, any  of the legal disputes, the origin is anger.Anger results in murder.


A case in dispute is four-legged.    It depends on: (l) what is right  according to ethical principles, (2) evidence, (3) custom and (4) the  ruler's order.   The last one overrules all the earlier ones.


What is right is based on truth, evidence on witnesses, custom on  available tradition of the people and the law is the ruler's command.


When there is conflict between established tradition and ethical   principles   or between   evidence  and   what is right (according to  ethical principles) the case shall be decided on the basis of ethical  principles.


Where scriptural laws conflict with what is righteous and just, there  justice shall be the valid criterion, the written text loses its  relevance.


Only that should be taught which conduces to righteousness and  material prosperity and not what leads to  unright­eousness and  material disaster.


He who punishes severely is hated by the people, he who punishes   mildly is despised, one who rrietes out deserving punishment is  respected..


Punishment meted out after due consideration keeps the people  attached to righteousness and to  tasks conducive to material  wealth and enjoyment


Wrong punishment  meted out in anger, lust or ignorance angers  even sages of the forest.  What to speak of householders?


If no punishment is given the law of the fishes (strong swallowing  the weak) is created.


In the absence of punishment, the strong swallows the weak.


The people of the four genres and the four stages of life function in  their respective spheres, when ruled by the ruler with appropriate  punishment.


Punishment, the root of discipline, is the source of prosperity for the  people.


New men deeming the dispenser of punishment as Yama incarnate  do not commit crimes.


Rulers armed with the staff of punishment remove people's  miseries and bring about their security and welfare.


When guilt is removed there are no guilty men.


When guilty men are removed,, the guilt will again contaminate  others.


(Judges) should be impartial to all beings, trustworthy, and liked by  the people.


Punishment,  meted out by the ruler according to offence equally,  (without discrimination) to sons and  enemies alike, protects alone  this world and the other.


Whatever be the crime the learned one should not be tortured.

Against an accused there can be no other suit.


It is the prosecutor who decides what is to be done, not the  accused,

Truth has to be spoken by witnesses.


The guarantee of a minor has no value.


Sons having fathers (alive) have no right to property.


Marriage precedes disputes.


Righteous marriages are indissoluble.


Denial of sexual pleasure to a wife, after her monthly ablution is a  transgression of (the husband's) duty.


is to meet unforeseen difficulties that a woman is given property  (dowry) (at the time of marriage).