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11. DUTIES OF OFFICIALS
A worldly wise person should seek, through the agency of a dear friend, the service of a ruler endowed with personal qualities, wealth and loyal subjects.
One may seek to serve a ruler devoid of wealth or loyal subjects, but never a ruler without character, for a characterless ruler disregards the tenets of political science, associates himself with evil company and comes to ruin even after inheriting a large and prosperous kingdom.
Fire may burn a part or whole of the body. But a ruler can destroy one along with his wife and children. He can also cause their advancement.
Absence of a contradicting tendency makes one's position secure.
(A courtier) should speak out the ruler's interest without loss of time, his own interest with his dear friends, others' interests at the appropriate time and place, keeping in view the requirements of righteousness and material well-being.
(A courtier) when questioned by a ruler on important matters requiring intellectual analysis, should, like an expert and unafraid of the assembly, mention his views on what is practicable, consistent with righteousness and material benefit.
Those who goad one into rash acts, unrighteousness and extravagance are really enemies under the mask of friends.
One should avoid hearing evil aspersions spoken about others nor speak such things oneself.
One should forgive evil words spoken to oneself and have forbearance like that of the earth.
Even competent persons bpeaking unpleasant things have been banished by rulers.
Undesirable persons become favourites by acting according to the reading of the ruler's mind.
One may laugh at jokes, but never iaugh ioudiy.
The wise ones should always first look to their own self protection. Those who serve rulers are said to function in fire.
When asked, one should speak out what is pleasing and beneficial. One should not speak pleasing things which are not beneficial.
What is good, though unpleasant, shall be spoken in private, if (the listener) is willing to listen.
One may even be silent in reply but never mention anything displeasing.
The occasions when one should leave one's post are: (a) when one's work gets destroyed without fruition, (b) one's power gets reduced, (c) when one's learning is treated like a tradeable commodity, (d) one"s hopes are frustrated, (e)one is eager to be in new countries, (f) when one loses the confidence of the master, (g) when one comes into conflict with powerful people.