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2. COUNSELLORS, AIDES, ALLIES
Governance is possible only with assistance. A single wheel rWc not move Hence ministers should be appointed and their counsel listened to.
(The ruler) devoid of the power of counsel, should gather around him a collection of wise men or consult learned elders. Thus would he attain immediate prosperity.
Indra's council of ministers consists of one thousand sages. That is his eye. Hence it is that they call him "the thousand-eyed one", though he has only two eyes.
(With whom shall an alliance be made?): one to whom he is dear or one who is dear to him? He shall go to him, to whom he is dear. This is the best way of forming an alliance.
An allv with increased power is untrustworthy for prosperity changes the mind.
Difficulties stabilise friendships.
Rendering help is the sign of a friend.
Those with established relationship do not desert, even if offended.
Such loyalty is seen even among animals. For example, cows pass by unaccustomed herds and stay always in the company of known herds.
Those whose relationship with the ruler is established over a long period are however likely to completely take over everything from the ruler and pose as rulers themselves.
Classmates, though they are trustworthy, will not respect the ruler, having been playmates. (Hence they should not be appointed as ministers.)
Those who have a similar nature in secret matters and who have common vices and habits (in common with the ruler) do not offend him out of fear that he knows their secrets.
Just as those not well-versed in the scriptures are unfit to eat the feast offerings to the dead given by good people, so too rulers not well-versed in the various sciences of state are not
fit to hear ministerial counsel.
(A weak ally) even if he gets only a small share or the spoils of victory from the superior ally should appear contented.
in the absent of support,the supported do not exist.