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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Chanakya Pandita > MAXIMS OF CHANAKYA > MAXIMS FROM ARTHASASTRA > CAUSES OF PEOPLE'S DISCONTENT

9. CAUSES OF PEOPLE'S DISCONTENT

 

By not giving donations which ought to be given and accepting  donations which should not be taken.

 

By not punishing the guilty and severely punishing the innocent.

 

By arresting those who should not be arrested and not arresting  those deserving to be arrested.

 

By the stoppage of righteous and appropriate customs.

 

By the encouragement of unrighteousness and the  discourage­ment of righteousness.

 

By doing what ought not to be done and preventing what ought to be  done.

 

By harming important leaders of the people  and dishonouring  respectable ones.

 

By estrangement of elders, by nepotism and  falsehood.

 

By not repaying  for what was done  (in help) and not doing what  was agreed to be done.

 

By undertaking schemes which result in loss and stopping those  which would result in gain.

 

By not  protecting  the people  from thieves  and  robbers and  enriching himself at their cost.

 

By preventing manly endeavour and criticising good work.

 

By the disrespect shown to the good ones and the encourage­ment  of the unrighteous.

 

By acts of unprecedented and unrighteous violence.

 

By the  stoppage  of righteous   and   appropriate  customs, by the  encouragement of unrighteousness and disregard of  right­eousness decadence,  avarice, and disaffection are generated  in

the people.

 

By the destruction of the  security and welfare of the people due to  the negligence and laziness of the ruler.

 

Impoverishment, avarice and discontent are produced in the people.

 

Impoverished people become avaricious and avaricious people  become discontented.

 

Discontented people go over to the enemy or destroy the ruler  themselves.