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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Biographical Works > Lord Chaitanya Eternal Associates > Sri Locan Das Thakur;

Shri Locan Das Thakur;


Shri Locan das Thakur took birth in a family of Rarhiya physicians who resided in the village of Kogram, within the Mahakumar (Katwa) district of Barddhaman, in the year 1523 (Chris.). His guru was Shri Narahari Sarkar Thakur.

"I am the servant of Thakur Shri Narahari, who is the master of my life. The desire of all my desires, I place at his lotus feet. Namely that this vile creature (myself) might describe something about the wonderful qualities of Shri Gaursundor. In this expectation, he is my only refuge."

[Chaitanya Mangala / Sutrakhanda]

Locan das Thakur's father's name was Shri Kamalakar das and his mother's name was Shri Sadanandi. He was the only son of his parents. His education was completed in the home of his maternal grandfather where he was raised as a child. He was married at a very young age. From his youth he was very attached to Shri Gaursundor and consequently very disinterested in material life, though he was surrounded by family, friends and society. He composed Shri Chaitanya Mongal when he was seventeen years old. In his youth he spent the major part of his time at his guru's Shripat, in Shrikhanda, where he learned how to do kirtan.


Chaitanya Mangal was composed from the diary (in Sanskrit) of Shri Murari Gupta.

"Murari Gupta, who resides at Nadia, composed many beautiful verses about the life of Shri Gauranga. These include the youthful pastimes of Nimai, which Murari Gupta personally took part in, and His later pastimes in Nilacal, after He accepted sannyasa, which were narrated by Shri Damodara Pandit. Having heard these verses of Murari Gupta, composed in Sanskrit, I have become very attracted and so I have composed them in the village folk poetry of Bengali."


In East Bengal there are many village poets who sing in various meters known as Lakkir Pancali, Sanir Pancali and Manasa Bhasan. Locan das Thakur has composed Shri Chaitanyamangala in the meter of these folk poems. Pancali contains five various kinds of meters.

Shri Brindaban das Thakur's composition on the pastimes of Shri Gaursundor was originally entitled Chaitanyamangala, but later on the name was changed to Chaitanya Bhagavat. Those pastimes which were not described in full by Shri Brindaban das Thakur, Locan das has described in his Chaitanya Mangal. In the invocation of this work he has first offered his obeisances to Brindaban das Thakur, "whose  Chaitanya Bhagavat has enamoured the entire world."

According to the opinion of some scholars and devotees, Locan das Thakur specifically wanted to compose his Chaitanya Mongal, to glorify his spiritual master's relationship with Lord Chaitanya, since Brindaban das Thakur had declined to so much as mention Narahari Sorkar Thakur's name in his Chaitanya Bhagabat. Apparantly Brindaban das Thakur didn't approve of the relationship (Gaurnagar bhab) which Narahari Sorkar Thakur had with Mahaprabhu. In actuality however, we can understand that Brindaban das Thakur's main point is that the very elevated mood of Narahari Sorkar Thakur was not something which could be imitated by the common man.

ataeb yoto mahamahim sakale | gauranga nagor heno stab nahi bole ||

jaddapi sakal stab sambhabe tahane| tathapiho svabhab se gay budhajane ||

[C.B.Adi 15.30-31]

"Therefore those who are truly dignified, will never glorify Shri Gauranga as a nagor (gallant, paramour, philanderer). Though all eulogization has its possible existence in Him, those who are truly wise will sing His glories according to His svabhab (natural character)."

Here Brindaban das Thakur is however admitting, by saying, jaddapi sakal stab sambhabe tahane, that "everything is possible in Him."

Brindaban das Thakur is emphasizing that the devotee should try to complement the svabhab or mood of Shri Gaursundor. Though of course Lord Chaitanya did spend the majority of His time relishing the mood and sentiments of Shrimati Radharani, we know from some of the padas (songs) of the Mahajons, that He also, on some rare occasions, did relish the position of Krishna Himself. At these times he took Gadadhar Pandit with Him and sat at the base of a tree and while Narahari fanned Them with a camara, Gadadhar offered the Lord tambul (pan), totally absorbed in his eternal identity as Shrimati Radharani. Otherwise, during the times when Lord Chaitanya was relishing the position of Shri Radhika Himself, Gadadhar assisted Him as Anuradha (a name for Lalita which means literally, the follower of Radha). Bhaktivinode Thakur was also a follower of Narahari Sorkar Thakur in that he worshipped the Divine Couple as Shri Shri GadaiGauranga.


It is rumoured that there is a copy of Chaitanya Mongal written in Locan das Thakur's own hand, kept within the house of Shri Prankrishna Cakravarti, in the village of Kandra, near the Guskara rail station. During the disappearance festival of Shri Narahari Sorkar Thakur in Shri Khanda, Locan das received all of the devotees by placing flower garlands on their necks and sandalwood paste on their foreheads.                           [Bhakti Ratna 9.591]


Locan das Thakur composed the following literatures: Shri Chaitanya Mongal, Prarthana, Durlabhsar, Padavali, poetical translations of Jagannath Ballabha Natak and the fifth chapter of the Tenth Canto of Shrimad Bhagavatam (Raslila)


In Brajalila his name was Gopalika.

Shri Locan das Thakur's disappearance was in the year 1589 (Chris.).