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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Biographical Works > Lord Chaitanya Eternal Associates > Sri Biracandra Prabhu;

Shri Biracandra Prabhu;


Shri Bircandra (Viracandra) or Birbhadra (Virabhadra) Prabhu appeared on the ninth day of the dark fortnight of the month of Kartik.


Shri Birbhadra Gosvami is the son of Shri Nityananda Prabhu and the disciple of Shri Jahnava Mata. His mother is Shrimati Vasudha Debi. In the Gauraganoddesadipika it is described that Shri Bircandra Prabhu is an incarnation of Ksirodakasayi Bisnu, one of the expansions of Shri Sankarsana. He is thus not different from Lord Chaitanya Himself.


Once upon a time, Isvari (Shri Jahnava Debi) went to the house of one Jadunandana Acarja of Jhamatpur near Rajbol Hat. By her mercy he became a devotee. Jadunandan's wife was extremely devoted to her husband and his two daughters, Shrimati and Narayani, possessed bodily forms which excelled the limits of mortal beauty. By the desire of Isvari that fortunate brahmana gave these two daughters in marriage to Prabhu Bircandra. Shri Yadunandana Acarja became the disciple of Bircandra Prabhu and Shrimati and Shri Narayani were given initiation in mantra by Shri Jahnava Mata. Bircandra prabhu had a sister, Shrimati Gangadebi, who was none other than Mother Ganga herself. Her husband Madhavacarja was an incarnation of Raja Santanu.


Taking permission from his mother, Bircandra Prabhu set out on a pilgrimage to Brindaban. First he came to Saptagram and proceeded to the house of Shri Uddharan Datta Thakur where He was met by Uddharan Datta's son, Shrinivas Datta. Shrinivas greeted Him with respect and showed Him all hospitality for the two days that he stayed there. From there He went to Santipur where He was led to Adwaita Bhavan in a kirtan procession by Adwaita Acarja's son, Shri Krishna Misra. Next he crossed the Ganges River and came to Gauri das Pandit's house in Ambika Kalna. Shri Hrdoy Chaitanya Prabhu respectfully greeted Him and honoured Him as His guest. From here He came to Navadvip, to the house of Jagannath Misra. When the family members and associates of Mahaprabhu learned that He was the son of Shri Nityananda Prabhu, they were highly pleased and showed Him all courtesies.

After spending two days there He came to Shri Khanda where He was greeted very respectfully and affectionately by Shri Raghunandan and to Shri Kanai Thakur. He spent a few days there, and then went to Shrinivas Acarja Prabhu's house in Jajigram, where Acarja Prabhu received his exalted guest by offering Him the appropriate worship. A few days passed in the ecstasy of sankirtan and then Bircandra Prabhu came to Kantak Nagar (Katwa). He remained there for one day and then proceeded to Bhudarigram where He was received by Shri Govinda Kaviraj, who worshipped His lotus feet and offered Him all hospitality. Shri Bircandra Prabhu was very pleased at his devotion and remained there for a couple of days. Thereafter He made His auspicious arrival in Kheturi.

As soon as he received news of His arrival, Shri Narottam Thakur came out in great ecstasy to meet Shri Bircandra Prabhu. He led Him into the courtyard of the temple of Shri Gauranga where sankirtan, accompanied with ecstatic dancing, commenced. A steady crowd of people thronged to get a glimpse of Prabhu Bircandra.

After spending a few days in Kheturi absorbed in the mellows of ecstatic sankirtana, Bircandra Prabhu set off for Shri Vrindavan Dham. Along the way many sinful and atheistic people were delivered by His influence. As news of His arrival reached Vrindavan, the Gosvamis, namely Shrila Jiva Gosvami, Shrila Krishna das Kaviraj Gosvami, Shri Ananta Acarja, Shri Hari das Pandit, Shri Krishna das Brahmacari (Shri Madan Gopala's pujari, a disciple of Shri Gadadhar Pandit), Shri Madhu Pandit (pujari of Shri Gopinatha), Shri Bhavananda, Shri Kasisvara, as well as his disciple Shri Govinda Gosvami and Shri Yadavacarja were all informed.

The Gosvamis, accompanied by many residents of Shri Vrindavan, all came out to meet Prabhu Bircandra. Everyone was overwhelmed by His appearance in ecstatic love and they were all humming like bumble bees in discussing His good qualities. In the company of these exalted souls, he took darshan of Shri Madana Mohana, Shri Govindaji and Shri Gopinatha, the principal Deities of Brindaban.

After receiving the consent of Shri Jiva Gosvami and Shri Bhugarbha Gosvami, Prabhu Bircandra set out to wander in the twelve forests of Vrajamandala, where he became completely overwhelmed at the sight of the various places of Krishna's pastimes, like Shri Radha Kunda, Shri Shyama Kunda and Giri Govardhana. His display of ecstatic symptoms captivated the Brijbasis. After taking darshan of Shri Vrajadhama, Bircandra Prabhu returned to Gauradesh.

The youngest son of Shrinivas Acarja, Gati Govinda, was the disciple of Birbhadra Prabhu. Birbhadra was also the siksa guru of Nityananda das, the author of Premvilas.

All of the divine qualities of His father, Shri Nityananda Prabhu, were fully present in Him. Those who were fortunate enough to witness His ecstatic love praised His glories far and wide. Gopijana Vallabha, Rama Krishna and Ramacandra, who are thought by some to be the sons of Virabhadra Gosai, were actually His disciples. The youngest, Ramcandra, who resided at Khardaha, belonged to the Sandilya Gotra and was a member of the Batabyal brahmana community, known for their accomplishment in studying the Vedas. The oldest, Gopijana Vallabha, lived at Latagram near Mankar, in the district of Barddhaman and belonged to the community of brahmanas called Vandyaghati. The middle one, Ramacandra, also a member of the Vandyaghati community of brahmanas, lived at Ganeshpur near Maldah. Because their gotras and surnames (titles) were different, and because they lived at different places, it is concluded that they were not actually Bircandra Prabhu's sons.

Bircandra Prabhu's birthplace is at Khardaha, where there is now a rail station on the Sealdah-Krishnanagar line. The temple of Shri Shri RadhaShyamsundor is very famous here. This Deity is most probably installed by Birbhadra Prabhu. It is said that Acyutananda, Adwaita's son, acted as priest during the installation ceremony.

The village where Nityananda Prabhu made His advent in this world, Ekacakra, is also named Bircandrapur. Here the Deity of Shri Bankim Ray was worshipped by Bircandra Prabhu.