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Shri Basudeb Ghosh, Shri Madhab Ghosh And Shri Gobinda Ghosh
The three brothers, Shri Basudeb Ghosh, Shri Madhab Ghosh and Shri Govinda Ghosh were very expert singers. Shri Nityananda Prabhu Himself would dance as they sang. [C.B.Antya 5.259]
According to some, their maternal uncle's house was in the village of Buron (or Burangi) in Sylhet (Shrihatta). Their father later took up residence at Kumarhatta. After residing there for some time, the three brothers came to live at Nabadwip.
They were born in a family of Uttarrarhiya Kayasthas and were very intimate associates of Shri Shri NitaiGauranga. Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakur states that they are immediate expansions of Shrimati Radhika's body. All three of them composed very sweet songs describing the lilas of Shri Gaursundor and Shri Krishna. They have particularly described the childhood pastimes of Gaura Hari, His sankirtan pastimes and acceptance of sannyasa, as well as descriptions of the beauty of Shri Nityananda prabhu. Basudeb Ghosh was known as the singer of Brindaban.
According to Gaurganoddeshdipika, Shri Govinda, Shri Madhab and Shri Basudeb were known in Brajalila as Kalavati, Rasollasa and Guntunga (Guntungi) Sakhis. Basudeb and Madhab were sent with Nityananda to preach in Bengal while Govinda was very satisfied to remain with Mahaprabhu at Nilacal.
Every year Basudeb and Madhab would come to Puri to see Mahaprabhu and perform kirtan during Rathayatra.
Later in life they took up residence at different places. Shri Govinda lived in Agradwip, Shri Madhab in Dainhat and Shri Basudeb in Tamluk.
There is a very well known legend about Govinda Ghosh Thakur and his Deity, Gopinath, which has been recorded by Shri Acyuta Caran Chaudhari Mahasoy as follows:
When Mahaprabhu set out for Shri Brindaban from Nilacal with His devotees, Govinda Ghosh was also present. One day, Mahaprabhu, after accepting his noon meal, extended his hand thus requesting some haritaki (dried fruit which aids in digestion). Govinda immediately ran out to bring some from the householders in the village near where they were staying. The next day when Mahaprabhu similarly extended His hand after lunch, Govinda again placed in it some haritaki.
Mahaprabhu looked at him and inquired, as to how he was able to provide it so quickly, whereas yesterday it had required him some time to bring the haritaki. Govinda then replied that he had kept some for Mahaprabhu from yesterday.
Mahaprabhu said that since he was saving things he should remain in that village and manifest the worship of Shri Gopinathji there. As per the order of Mahaprabhu, Govinda began to worship Gopinathji, and after marrying he had a son who also assisted him in the worship of the Deity.
However his wife, and then later on, his son also, passed on to the next world. Govinda became very sad. In a fit of anger he lay down on his bed. He didn't cook anything that day. Neither he ate anything nor did he offer anything to Gopinathji. In the night Gopinath came and began to massage Govinda's legs. Then He asked him, "I don't understand your intelligence. One of your sons dies so you decide, "What's the point in feeding the other one; let him die also."
Govinda replied, "I don't know what you're talking about. You know I had only one son."
"Am I not also your son? You are feeding Me and taking care of Me as your son. Now when I am dependent on you, you decide to neglect Me all together."
"Oh! So you are my son are you?! Then are you going to perform my sraddha and the offering of pinda to my forefathers. Will You do that?!"
"Yes, I can do it. Why not? So now will you give Me something to eat?"
Having heard Gopinath's reply, Govinda was very happy and got up to prepare an offering.
To this day the Deity dresses in a plain white cloth with a white thread around His neck and with a kusa grass ring on His finger, He offers pinda on the disappearance day of Govinda Ghosh Thakur.
Gopinathji's temple is a rickshaw ride away from Agradwip railway station on the Nabadwip-Katwa line.
In Tamluk, at the Shripat of Basudeb Ghosh Thakur, is a very beautiful Deity of Mahaprabhu, standing with His hands in an interesting mudra (pose), quite unlike any other Deity of Mahaprabhu anywhere else. In this connection, there is a local legend which is as follows.
When Basudeb Ghosh received the news of Mahaprabhu's departure from this world, he promptly proceeded to dig a hole in the ground and then he sat down inside it, to wait for his final breath. In other words this was to be his samadhi.
Mahaprabhu however, appeared on the scene to express His disapproval of this plan. With one hand He offered His benediction and with the other indicated that Basudeb should get up out of the hole.
Tamluk can be reached by bus from the Mecheda railway station, which is on the Calcutta-Kharagpur line. One should request to get down at Jail khana mor (the intersection by the jail).