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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Biographical Works > Five Poets > Contents

Five Poets



yei yei sloka jayadeva, bhagavate

rayera natake, yei ara karnamrte

sei sei bhave sloka kariya pathane

sei sei bhavanese karena asvadane


"When Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu read the verses of Jayadeva's Gita-govinda, of Shrimad-Bhagavatam, of Ramananda Raya's drama Jagannatha-vallabha-nataka, and of Bilvamangala Thakura's Krishna-karnamrta, He was overwhelmed by the various ecstatic emotions of those verses.  Thus He tasted their purports."  (CC Antya 20.67-68)


karnamrta, vidyapati, shri-gita-govinda

ihara sloka-gite prabhura karaya ananda


"The Lord especially liked to hear Bilvamangala Thakura's Krishna-karnamrta, the poetry of Vidyapati and Shri Gita-govinda by Jayadeva Gosvami.  Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu felt great pleasure in His hear when His associates chanted verses from those books."  (CC Antya 15.27).


vidyapati, jayadeva, candidasera gita

asvadena ramananda-svarupa-sahita


"The Lord used to read the books of Vidyapati, Jayadeva and Candidasa, relishing their songs with His confidential associates like Shri Ramananda Raya and Svarupa Damodara Goswami." (CC Adi 13.42)




Without being too long-winded, I would just like to try and describe something about the special position of these five personalities we are going to be discussing. The term appended to most poets of Lord Chaitanya's time was Kaviraja. The word kavim is defined in Bhagavad-gita as "one who knows everything." Kavim puranam anusasitaram. "One should meditate on the Supreme Personality of Godhead as the one who knows everything."

Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu used to especially relish hearing the Gita-Govinda as well as the works of Candidas, Vidyapati, Ramananda Raya and the Krishna-karnamrta by Bilvamangala Thakura. Bhaktivinoda Thakura has commented that even though Shri Gauranga Deva hadn't revealed his internal pastimes at that time, within the heart of Shri Jayadeva, Shri Bilvamangala, Shri Candidas, and Shri Vidyapati, the transcendental mood of Mahaprabhu was awakened even before He Himself actually made His appearance. In his purport to Chaitanya-charitamrita Adi-lila 13.42, Shrila Prabhupada writes,


          "The feelings of ecstasy described by Candidasa and Vidyapati were actually exhibitied by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. He relished all those feelings in the role of Shrimati Radharani, and His appropriate associates for this purpose were Shri Ramananda Raya and Shri Svarupa Damodara Goswami. These intimate associates of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu helped the Lord very much in the pastimes in which He felt like Radharani.

          Shri Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura comments in this connection that such feelings of separation as Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu enjoyed from the books of Vidyapati, Candidasa and Jayadeva are especially reserved for persons like Shri Ramananda Raya and Svarupa Damodara, who were paramahamsas, men of the topmost perfection, because of their advanced spiritual consciousness.

          Such topics are not to be discussed by ordinary persons imitating the activities of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. For critical students of mundane poetry and literary men without God consciousness who are after bodily sense gratification, there is no need to read such a high standard of transcendental literature.

          Persons who are after sense gratification should not try to imitate raganuga devotional service. In their songs, Candidasa, Vidyapati and Jayadeva have described the transcendental activities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Mundane reviewers of the songs of Vidyapati, Jayadeva and Candidasa simply help people in general to become debauchees, and this leads only to social scandals and atheism in the world.

          One should not misunderstand the pastimes of Radha and Krishna to be the activities of a mundane young boy and girl. The mundane sexual activities of young boys and girls are most abominable. Therefore, those who are in bodily consciousness and who desire sense gratification are forbidden to indulge in discussion of the transcendental pastimes of Shri Radha and Krishna."