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R

 

 

1.       RADHACARANA                                                        GVA

2.       RADHADAMODARA                                                    GVA

3.       RADHAGOVINDA                                                      GVA

4.       RADHAKANTA BAIDYA                                               GVA

5.       RADHAKRSNA ACARYA                                               GVA

6.       RADHAKRSNA ACARYA (THAKURA)                     GVA

7.       RADHAKRSNA ACARYA                                               GVA

8.       RADHAKRSNA ACARYA (GOSVAMI)                     GVA

9.       RADHAKRSNA ACARYA                                               GVA

10.     RADHAKRSNA BHATTACARYA                                     GVA

11.     RADHAKRSNA DASA                                         GVA

12.     RADHAKRSNA DASA                                         GVA

13.     RADHAKRSNA DASA                                         GVA

14.     RADHAKRSNA DASA                                         GVA

15.     RADHAKRSNA DASA GOSVAMI                                    GVA

16.     RADHAKRSNA DEVA                                         GVA

17.     RADHAMADHAVA                                                      GVA

18.     RADHAMADHAVA GHOSH                                           GVA

19.     RADHAMOHANA                                                       GVA

20.     RADHAMOHANA                                                       GVA

21.     RADHAMOHANA                                                       GVA

22.     RADHAMOHANA GOSVAMI                                GVA

23.     RADHAMOHANA MITRA                                             GVA

24.     RADHAMOHANA THAKURA                                GPC

25.     RADHAMOHANA VIDYAVACASPATI                     GVA

26.     RADHAMUKUNDA DASA                                             GVA

27.     RADHANANDA                                                          GVA

28.     RADHANANDA CAUDHURI                                 GVA

29.     RADHANANDA DEVA                                        GVA

30.     RADHRAMANACARANA DASA DEVA                     GVJ

31.     RADHARAMANA GHOSH BHAGAVATBHUSANA       GVJ

32.     RADHARAMANA GOSVAMI                                GVA

33.     RADHARANI DEVI                                                     GVA

34.     RADHAVALLABHA                                                     GVA

35.     RADHAVALLABHA CAKRAVARTI                                   GVA

36.     RADHAVALLABHA CATTARAJA                                     GVA

37.     RADHAVALLABHA CAUDHURI                                      GVA

38.     RADHAVALLABHA DASA                                             GVA

39.     RADHAVALLABHA DASA                                             GVA

40.     RADHAVALLABHA DASA                                             GVA

41.     RADHAVALLABHA DASA THAKURA                     GVA

42.     RADHAVALLABHA DATTA                                           GVA

43.     RADHAVALLABHA GOSVAMI                              GVJ

44.     RADHAVALLABHA MANDAL                               GVA

45.     RADHAVALLABHA SINHA                                            GVA

46.     RADHAVALLABHA THAKURA                              GVA

47.     RADHAVINODA                                                        GVA

48.     RADHAVINODA CAKRAVARTI                                      GVA

49.     RADHAVINODA CAKRAVARTI                                      GVA

50.     RADHAVINODA DASA                                                GVA

51.     RADHAVINODA GOSVAMI                                          GVA

52.     RADHIKANATH GOSVAMI                                 GVJ

53.     RAGHAVA GOSVAMI                                        GVA,CCU

54.     RAGHAVA PANDITA                                         GVA,CCU,GPC,CC

55.     RAGHAVA PURI                                                        GVA,CCU

56.     RAGHAVENDRA RAYA                                                GVA

57.     RAGHU                                                                   GVA

58.     RAGHUDASA                                                            GVA

59.     RAGHU MISRA                                                         GVA,CCU

60.     RAGHU NILAMVAR                                                    CCU

61.     RAGHUDASA THAKURA                                              GVA

62.     RAGHUDEVA BHATTACARYA                             GVA

63.     RAGHUNANDANA                                                      GVA

64.     RAGHUNANDANA                                                      GVA

65.     RAGHUNANDANA                                                      CCU

66.     RAGHUNANDANA                                                      CCU

67.     RAGHUNANDANA BHATTACARYA                       GVA

68.     RAGHUNANDANA CAKRAVARTI                                   GVA

69.     RAGHUNANDANA DASA GHATAK                       GVA

70.     RAGHUNANDANA GOSVAMI                              GVA

71.     RAGHUNANDANA THAKURA                              GPC

72.     RAGHUNATHA                                                          GVA

73.     RAGHUNATHA                                                          GVA

74.     RAGHUNATHA                                                          GVA

75.     RAGHUNATHA BHATTA GOSVAMI                      GVA,CCU,GPC,BMO

76.     RAGHUNATHA BIPRA                                       CCU,BMO

77.     RAGHUNATHA CAKRAVARTI                              GVA

78.     RAGHUNATHA DASA                                        GVA

79.     RAGHUNATHA DASA                                        CCU

80.     RAGHUNATHA DASA BHUINYA                                    GVA

81.     RAGHUNATHA DASA GOSVAMI                                   GVA,GPC,CC

82.     RAGHUNATHA KAR                                          GVA

83.     RAGHUNATHA MISRA                                                GVA

84.     RAGHUNATHA PURI/TIRTHA                                       GVA,CCU

85.     RAGHUNATHA RAYA                                        GVA

86.     RAGHUNATHA SIROMANI                                           GVA

87.     RAGHUNATHA VAIDYA                                              GVA,CCU,BMO

88.     RAGHUNATHA VAIDYA                                              GVA,CCU

89.     RAGHUNATHA VAIDYA UPADHYAY                     GVA,CCU

90.     RAGHUPATI UPADHYAYA                                           GVA,CCU

91.     RAJA MITRA                                                            GVA

92.     RAJA NRSIMHADEVA                                        GVA

93.     RAJANI PANDITA                                                      GVA

94.     RAJANI KAR PANDITA                                               GVA

95.     RAJAVALLABHA                                                        GVA

96.     RAJAVALLABHA CAKRAVARTI                                      GVA

97.     RAJENDRA BANDYOPADHYAY                                     GVA

98.     RAJENDRA GOSVAMI                                       GVA,CCU

99.     RAJIV PANDITA                                                        GVA,CCU

100.    RAKHALANANDA THAKURA                               GVA

101. RAMA                                                                        GVA

102.    RAMA                                                                     GVA

103.    RAMA ACARYA                                                         GVA

104.    RAMABHADRA                                                          GVA

105.    RAMABHADRA                                                          CCU

106.    RAMABHADRA                                                          GVA

107.    RAMABHADRA                                                          GVA

108.    RAMABHADRA                                                          GVA

109.    RAMABHADRA                                                          GVA

110.    RAMABHADRA                                                          GVA

111.    RAMABHADRA                                                          GVA

112     RAMABHADRA ACARYA                                              GVA,CCU,BMO

113.    RAMABHADRACARYA                                       GVA

114.    RAMABHADRA RAYA                                        GVA

115.    RAMACANDRA                                                          GVA

116.    RAMACANDRA                                                         GVA

117.    RAMACANDRA                                                          GVA

118.    RAMACANDRA                                                          GVA

119.    RAMACANDRA DASA                                        GVA

120.    RAMACANDRA DASA BABAJI                             GVJ

121.    RAMACANDRA DVIJA                                       CCU,BMO

122.    RAMACANDRA GOSVAMI                                            GVA,GPC

123.    RAMACANDRA GUHA                                       GVA

124.    RAMACANDRA KAVIRAJA                                            GPC,CCU,CC

125.    RAMACANDRA KAVIRAJA                                            CCU

126.    RAMACANDRA KHAN                                        GVA,CCU,CC

127.    RAMACANDRA DHAN (BENAPOL)                       GVA

128.    RAMACANDRA PURI                                         GVA,CCU

129.   RAMACARANA                                                GVA

130.    RAMACARANA CAKRAVARTI                              GVA

131.    RAMADASA                                                              GVA

132.    RAMADASA                                                              GVA,CCU

133.    RAMADASA                                                              GVA

134.    RAMADASA                                                              GVA

135.    RAMADASA                                                              GVA

136.    RAMADASA                                                              CCU

137.    RAMADASA                                                              GVA

138.    RAMADASA                                                              GVA

139.    RAMADASA                                                              GVA

140.    RAMADASA                                                              GVA

141.    RAMADASA    (SRI    RAMACANDRA)                            GVA

142.    RAMADASA    BABAJI          (VARSANA)                       GVJ

143.    RAMADASA    BABAJI          (NAVADVIPA)           GVJ

144.    RAMADASA    BALAKA                                               CCU

145.    RAMADASA    BIPRA                                                 CCU,CC

146.    RAMADASA    VISVAS                                                GVA,CCU

147.    RAMADASA    BRAHMAN                                            GVA

148.    RAMADASA    DVIJA                                                  GVA

149.    RAMADASA    GHOSAL                                              GVA

150.    RAMADASA    KAVIVALLABHA                                     GVA

151.    RAMADASA    PATHAN                                               GVA,CCU

152.    RAMADASA    RAYA                                                  GVA

153.    RAMADASA    THAKURA                                             GVA

154.    RAMADASA    VATUA                                       GVA

155.    RAMADEVA    DATTA                                       GVA

156.    RAMA  DEVI                                                             GVA

157.    RAMA  DEVI                                                             GVA

158.    RAMAGOPAL  DASA                                         GVA

159.    RAMAHARIJI                                                            GVA

160.    RAMAHARI     DASA  BABA                                         GVJ

161.    RAMAHARI     DASA  SARKARA                                    GVJ

162.    RAMAI                                                          GVA,CCU,BMO,CC

163.    RAMAI                                                          GVA

164.    RAMAJAYA     CAKRAVARTI                               GVA

165.    RAMAJAYA     MAITRA                                               GVA

166.    RAMAKANTA                                                  GVA

167.    RAMAKANTA                                                  GVA

168.    RAMAKANTA  DATTA                             GVA

169.    RAMAKRSNA                                                  GVA

170.    RAMAKRSNA                                                  GVA

171.    RAMAKRSNA                                                  GVA

172.    RAMAKRSNA  ACARYA                                     GVA

173.    RAMAKRSNA  CATTARAJ                                  GVA

174.    RAMAKRSNA  DASA                                         GVA

175.    RAMAKRSNA  DASA  BABAJI                             GVJ

176.    RAMANA        DASA                                                  GVA

177.    RAMANANDA                                                  CCU

178.    RAMANANDA  BASU                                         GVA,CCU,CC

179.    RAMANANDA  BASU                                         GVA

180.    RAMANANDA  DASA  BABAJI                             GVJ

181.    RAMANANDA  MANGARAJA                               GVA

182.    RAMANANDA  MISRA                              GVA

183.    RAMANANDA  RAYA                                         GVA,CC,GPC,BMO

184.    RAMANANDA  SVAMI                              GVA

185.    RAMANARAYAN        MISRA                              GVA

186.    RAMANARAYAN        VIDYARATNA                     GVA

187.    RAMANATHA                                                  GVA

188.    RAMANATHA                                                  CCU

189.    RAMANATHA  BHADUDI                                   GVA

190.    RAMANIYA                                                              GVA,ENCYCLOPEDIA

191.    RAMAPRASANNA       GHOSH                                      GVA

192.    RAMA  RAYA                                                            GVA

193.    RAMA  RAYA                                                            GVA

194.    RAMA  SARAN                                                 GVA

195.    RAMASARAN  CATTARAJA                                          GVA

196.    RAMA  SEN                                                              GVA,CCU

197.    RAMATANU    MUKHOPADHYAYA                                 GVJ

198.    RAMA  TIRTHA                                                        GVA

199.    RAMI/RAMAMANI                                                     GVA

200.    RANGAPURI                                                             GVA,GPC

201.    RANGAVASI VALLABHA                                              GVA

202.    RANA KUMBHA                                                         GVA

203.    RASAJANI VAISNAVA DASA                               GVA

204     RASAMANJARI                                                          GVA

205.    RASAMAYA    DASA                                                  GVA

206.    RASAMAYA    DASA                                                  GVA

207.    RASAMAYA    DASA                                                  GVA

208.    RASAMAYA    DASA                                                  GVA

209.    RASAMAYA    DASA                                                  GVA

210.    RASAMAYA    DASI                                                   GVA

211.    RASIKA         DASA                                                  GVA

212.    RASIKA         DASA                                                  GVA

213.    RASIKA         DASA                                                  GVA

214.    RASIKA         DASA                                                  GVA

215.    RASIKAMOHANA       VIDYABHUSANA                          GVA

216.    RASIKANANDA                                                         GVA

217.    RASIKANANDA         DASA                                         GVA

218.    RASIKANANDA         DEVA  GOSVAMI                         GVA,GPC

219.    RASIKARAYA  JIU                                                     GVA

220.    RASIKASEKHARA                                                      GVA

221.    RASIKOTTANSA                                                        GVA

222.    RATIKANTA   THAKURA                                             GVA

223.    RATNAGARBHA                                                        GVA

224.    RATNAGARBHA        ACARYA                                     GVA,CCU

225.    RATNAKAR     PANDITA                                             GVA,CCU

226.    RATNAMALA                                                  GVA

227.    RATNAVATI   DEVI                                                   GVA

228.    RATNAVATI   DEVI                                                   GVA,CCU

229.    RATNESVAR                                                             GVA

230.    RAUTRA                                                                  GVA

231.    RAVI   RAYA                                                            GVA

232.    RAVINDRA     NARAYANA                                           GVA

233.    RAYASEKHARA                                                         GVA

234.    REVATI                                                                   GVA

235.    RODANA                                                                 GVA

236.    RUDRA          PANDITA                                             GVA,CCU

237.    RUDRARI       KAVIRAJA                                            GVA

238.    RUPA  GHATAK                                                        GVA

239.    RUPA  GOSVAMI                                                      GVA,GPC,CCU,CC

240.    RUPA  KAVIRAJA                                                      GVA

241.    RUPA  RAYA                                                            GVA

242.    RUPACAND    ADHIKARI                                            GVA

243.    RUPACANDRA SARASVATI                                 GVA

244.    RUPAMALA                                                              GVA

245.    RUPANARAYAN                                                         GVA

246.    RUPESVAR                                                               GVA

 

 

 

1.       RADHACARANA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.152)

 

2.       RADHADAMODARA:

 

          He was born at Kanauj in a brahmana caste.  He was the guru of Baladeva Vidyabhusana and a disciple of Nayanananda, the grandson of Rasikananda prabhu.  Through his association Baladeva was inspired to write Vedanta-syamantaka, which is mentioned in the concluding Sanskrit verse of the book. Radhadamodara was the author of Chandahkaustubha.

 

3.       RADHAGOVINDA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.114)

 

4.       RADHAKANTA BAIDYA:

 

          He was the disciple of Hemalata devi, the daughter of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 2)

 

5.       RADHAKRSNA ACARYA:

 

          He was the second son and disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya. His wife was named Candramukhi devi.  (Karnananda 1)

 

6.       RADHAKRSNA ACARYA (THAKURA):

 

          He was a disciple of Gatigovinda, the son of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 2)

 

7.       RADHAKRSNA ACARYA:

 

          He was the son and disciple of Ramakrishna Acarya.  He belonged to the sakha of Narottama Thakura.  (Also see "Krishnacarana Cakravarti")

 

8.       RADHAKRSNA ACARYA (GOSVAMI):

 

          He was a brahmana by caste of the Barendra clan. A disciple of Ramakrishna Acarya, he belonged to the sakha of Narottama Thakura and was the nephew of Ganganarayan Cakravarti.  Descendants of Radhakrishna's family settled at the village of Betila in Dhaka (Bangladesh).  (Premavilasa 20, P. 207, Narottamavilasa 12)

 

9.       RADHAKRSNA ACARYA:

 

          He was the disciple of the famous Krishnadasa from Multan. (See "Krishnadasa Punjabi")

 

10.     RADHAKRSNA BHATTACARYA:

 

          He was from Navadvipa and was a brahmana disciple of Narottama Thakura.  (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 12)

 

11.     RADHAKRSNA DASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 1)

 

12.     RADHAKRSNA DASA:

         

          He was the son of Rasikananda prabhu. (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.28)

 

13.     RADHAKRSNA DASA:

 

          He was the disciple of Rasikananda prabhu. (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.162)

 

14.     RADHAKRSNA DASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura.  (Narottamavilasa 12, Premavilasa 20)

 

15.     RADHAKRSNA DASA GOSVAMI:

 

          He was the disciple of Haridasa Pandita, the pujari responsible for the service of Govindaji.  This Radhakrishna dasa elaborately described the details of spiritual practices in his books Sadhanadipika and Dasaslokibhasy.

 

16.     RADHAKRSNA DEVA:

 

          He was the youngest son of Rasikananda prabhu.

 

17.     RADHAMADHAVA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala 14.147)

 

18.     RADHAMADHAVA GHOSH:

 

          He was the son of Ramprasa, a resident of Dasghara village in the district of Hugli.  In 1848 A.D. he wrote a large book titled Vrhatsaravali.

 

19.     RADHAMOHANA:

 

          He was a disciple of Syamananda prabhu.  (Premavilasa 20)

 

20.     RADHAMOHANA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.114)

21.     RADHAMOHANA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.150)

 

22.     RADHAMOHANA GOSVAMI:

 

          He was a first generation descendent from Advaita Acarya. He was a great scholar and was also famous by the name of Gosvami Bhattacarya.  He wrote a commentary on the Shrimad Bhagavatam titled Bhagavata Tattvasara.  He also wrote KrishnaA tattvamrta, Krishna Bhaktirasodaya, Krishna Bhajana Krama sangraha, and Tattvasangraha.

 

23.     RADHAMOHANA MITRA:

 

          A resident of Sadipura who compiled the Shri Harivasaradipika in payara metre.

 

24.     RADHAMOHANA THAKURA:

 

          He was born in 1104 B.S. (1797 A.D.) in Malihati village in the district of Burdwan and was a descendant of Shrinivasa Acarya.  His father was Jagadananda Thakura.  Maharaja Nandakumar was one of Radhamohana's disciples.

 

          Rabindranarayana, the King of Putia, was a Sakta by faith.  However, when his court pandita was defeated by Radhamohana in a debate, the King became a Vaishnava.

 

          Two of the most well-known pupils of Radhamohana were Nayananda Tarkalankar-a resident of Baidyapura, and Krishnaprasad Thakura-a resident of Teya.

 

          Radhamohana Thakura compiled the Padamrtasamudra, as well a a commentary on it.  Of the 301 padas in the book, 182 of them have been included in Padakalpataru.

 

          Radhamohana was present during a debate held in 1125 B.S. (1718 A.D.) at the court of Nawab Murshid Ouli Khan regarding the theology of Svakiya and Parakiya.

 

          In 1185 B.S. (1778 A.D.), after taking bath and marking his body with tilak, Radhamohana died in a Tulasi grove while chanting the holy names.  It is said that at the time of his demise his two favorite disciples, Kalindi dasa and Parana dasa, were returning to Malihati, having completed the renovation of one of the kunja's in Vrndavana.  Along the way Radhamohana suddenly appeared before them and instructed them to hold a festival on the fourth day of the dark fortnight in the month of Vaisaka, and then disappeared.

 

          Radhamohana had no children and his wife died seven days after him.

25.     RADHAMOHANA VIDYAVACASPATI:

 

          He was in the seventh line descending from Advaita Prabhu and was the foremost amongst the erudite panditas of Santipura.  His commentaries and critical analysis on various branches of Smrti, Nyaya, etc., as well as the periodicals he published on Nayanyaya, drew him acclaim in Bengal and various other areas.  He was most likely born in the fourth decade of the 18th century, as it is known that the King of Navadvipa, Krishnacandra, gave Radhamohana a landgrant dated 1167 B.S. (1762 A.D.).  The following is a list of his writings:

 

1.       Bhagavatatattvasara: ms. total pages 17, It contains explanations of some controversial slokas from Shrimad Bhagavatam

2.       Tattvasamgraha: ms. total pages 54

3.       Bhaktirahasya: (included in the book Santipura Paricaya)

4.       krishnabhaktisudharnava: ms. total pages 186, Bangiya Sahitya Parisat, ms. no. 896, 205

5.       Shri Krishnarcanacandrika: Bangiya Sahitya Parisat, ms. no. 897

6.       Tattvadipika: Bangiya Sahitya Parisat, ms. nos. 177, 326 and 335.

7.       Krishnabhajanakramasamgraha     

8.       Tattvasandarbha-Tippani: published from Calcutta, Devakinandan Press, Chaitanyavda 433.

9.       Krishnatattvamrta

10.     Krishnabhaktirasodaya

 

          In all of they above books the author discusses the subtle theology of Vaishnava rituals and practices.

 

26.     RADHAMUKUNDA DASA:

 

          He belonged to the family line of Govinda Cakravarti, the favorite poet of Shrinivasa Acarya.  Radhamukunda compiled a book titled Mukundananda, which consists of sixteen chapter (in two parts) and 659 pada's.

 

27.     RADHANANDA:

 

          He was a disciple of Syamananda and belonged to Shripata Gopiballavpur.  (Premavilasa 20)

 

28.     RADHANANDA CAUDHURI:

 

          He was the son of Cakrapani Caudhuri.  (See "Cakrapani Caudhuri")

 

29.     RADHANANDA DEVA:

 

          He was the eldest son of Rasikananda prabhu (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.27, 31-33) and was born in Saka 1538 (1615 A.D.).  His childhood sports are described vividly in the book Syamananda-Rasarnava.  At the age of fourteen he was appointed the chief of Syamananda Gadi at Shripata Gopiballavpur.  He was an erudite scholar and an accomplished musician.  His work titled Shri Radhagovinda Kavya, composed along the same lines as Jayadeva's Gitagovinda, won him immortal fame.  He also composed some padavali's.  In Saka 1606 (1684 A.D.) he died, leaving behind two sons named Nayananda and Rasananda.

 

30.     RADHARAMANACARANA DASA DEVA:

 

          He was born in 1853 A.D. in Mahiskhola village of Nadaila sub-division under the district of Jessore, as the son of Shri Mohanacandra Ghosh and his second wife Shri Kanakasundari.  He completed his education at Nadail School and, although he was a bit restless by nature, he managed to secure the highest grades in every class.  From his early boyhood he was extremely fond of music and intently listened as the Vaishnava beggars as they sang, although he also passed some unsavory comments about them as well.  Throughout his life he never accepted a sectarian view towards any other religion or community, nor was he ever involved in scandals.  At the age of seventeen he married Shrimati Svarnamayi.  A son was born to them, but at the age of six years the child died.  Radharamana married thrice.  He married Tailakyatarini, the second daughter of Vadana Sircar of Ghodakhali and thereafter left his house in Mahisakhola and accepting the responsibility of overseeing the properties of Ghodakhali.  While there he accepted initiation from Shri Yogendranath Bhattacarya of Mulghar under the Khulna district.  During this time he also performed many pious activities such as establishing schools, digging wells and feeding brahmanas.

 

          The Zamindar of Mamudpura, acknowledging Radharamana's intelligence, impartial judgement and efficiency, appointed him the Superintendent of Satara pargana.  However, around this time his indifference towards worldly life increased, thus his work was hampered.  At the request of the landlord he fought against some revolting subjects and managed to seize a considerable quantity of paddy from the respective fields. However, when he considered the future sufferings of the subjects he suddenly burst into tears and on that very day he left his house and went to Bhawanipur Kali temple in Vaguda district.  During the solar eclipse he chanted all the mantras recommended, and the goddess Kali appeared to him and blessed him saying, "As per your wish, you will find your guru on the bank of the river Sarayu.  Go at once, he is waiting for you." As directed, Radharamana began walking day and night until he reached Sarayu river in Ayodhya.  There he met his guru, received his cherished mantra, as well as all good instruction regarding proper Vaishnava behavior. Thereafter, he traveled to many holy places, eventually arriving at Navadvipa.  He was accustomed to reading Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita, Manahsiksha, Prarthana and Premabhakticandrika daily.

 

          In Navadvipa he took shelter in the house of Shri Jagadananda dasa babaji.  Babaji Mahasaya mistakenly heard that his name was Rajen babu, so from that day onwards Radharamana was  known as Rajen babu.  Once, having heard about Rajen babu, a person named Shri Navadvipa dasa came to the Akhda of Shri Nrsimha deva.  He and Rajen babu embraced each other warmly and immediately became the closest of friends, rushing off to see Shri Mahaprabhu singing devotional songs.  In the afternoon they returned to the house and their bodies were covered with dust.  After bathing they cooked and took prasada.  Navadvipa dasa was extremely moved by Rajen Babu's love and affection and thus was reluctant to return to his home but at the request of many people he took leave for seven days, went to his native place and then returned to Navadvipa permanently.  At that time he had already retired from his service.  Soon thereafter, Krishnagovinda and Rasamohana joined them.

 

          Rajen babu was very friendly to all.  He addressed everyone as either elder brother or younger brother.  Those who tried to approach him in the mood of a disciple inevitably wound up developing a brotherly relationship with him.  Rajen babu was a master in spontaneously composing lyrics. Sometimes, when absorbed in transcendental consciousness, he would sing those verses beautifully.  Upon hearing his songs many people in Navadvipa took shelter at his feet.

 

          Guided by an unknown urge Rajen babu went to Shri Nilacala, accompanied by Krishnagovinda and Rasamohana. Throughout their journey they were happily absorbed in singing various devotional songs.  Upon reaching Sakshi Gopala, he had a nice dream one night.  In that dream two great men appeared, one of them was a fair complexioned man from Kashmir who spoke the twenty-two lettered Siddha Gaura-mantra in his ear and then disappeared. Rajen babu was overwhelmed and began weeping, calling out "Ha Nitai, Jaya Nitai."  When Rajen finally reached Nilacala he had darsana of Jagannatha and unexpectedly received some maha-prasada to eat.  With love and devotion he visited every festival of Nilacala. 

 

          In Shri Jagannatha Deva's temple behind the Garuda stambha, there was a foot print of Shri Gauranga Mahaprabhu. Rajen's heart was filled with pain when he noticed that people freely walked on this footprint.  He thus spoke to the King and arranged to have the footprint moved to a newly constructed small temple near the northern gate, and assigned one of his own followers, Shri Sital dasa, as the priest.  One day at the main gate where devotional songs were being sung, Shri Gauracarana Cakravarti of Koyakhali district came and took shelter at Rajen's feet.  After a few days Rajen babu sent him to Karta babaji of Narayana-chata and Gauracarana was converted.  After changing his dress, the name Govinda dasa was given to him.

 

          Babaji Mahasaya and his followers were mainly engaged in singing kirtana, visiting Jagannatha Deva, and preaching the mission of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.  After some time Krishnagovinda and Radharamana proceeded to Shri Vrndavana. After traveling a little way, Radharamana converted Rambehara, a poor milkman in Bhuvanesvar, along with his five companions. When he arrived at Khandagiri and saw the broken statues of various deities, he began to weep.  In Jaipur he saw Viraja devi, and had darsana of Shri Gopinatha in Remuna.  Along the way he delivered one drunken man.  Radharamana continued on from Mayurbhanja to Shripat Gopivallava pura where he elaborately described the story of Shri Syamananda's change of tilak.  He reached Calcutta via Midnapur and took a bath in the Ganges.  When his companions stepped into the water to take a bath, Radharamana suddenly disappeared in a car.  His anxious companions were told that he had gone to an unknown place and would return to Navadvipa in due course of time. Radharamana then went to visit his gurudeva on the bank of the Sarayu river and managed to solve so many problem of life. After visiting Shri Vrndavana he again returned to Navadvipa. This time he went to Shripat Gaurhari dasa Mahanta Maharaja and became his disciple, from then on he was known as Shri Radharamanacarana dasa.  After some time he met Chaitanyadasa and converted him, and shortly thereafter Radhavinode and Kisorigopala dasa surrendered to him as well.

 

          Once he fed a large number of dogs, considering them to be Vaishnavas.  However, no Vaishnavas attended that feast and highly  criticized Radharamana for it.  The dogs took the prasada in a systematic way and very quietly.  After finishing their food the dogs took their leave from Shri Radharamana. This incident came about due to the death of a female dog, whom babaji used to call Bhakti mata.  On this occasion all of Radharamana's disciples were overwhelmed and rolled on the ground ecstatically after accepting the remnants left by the dogs.

 

          Radharamana's friendly behavior and valuable advice won the hearts of many.  Once while absorbed in kirtana in the house of Yoges babu at Krishnanagar, everyone was astonished to see Radharamana's footprints become clearly visible on the concrete floor.  He also cured many people who were suffering from acute diseases by taking that disease upon himself.  He was present when the plague was raging in Calcutta and conducted a large scale sankirtana party which everyone, regardless of caste, creed or sex, took part in.

 

          Up to the year 1312 (1905 A.D.) he visited numerous places throughout India, coming across many atheists, immoral persons, drunkards, etc., but he managed to turn them into pious, noble, honest citizens by preaching the glories of Shri Nitai Gauranga and Shri Radha Krishna.  Descriptions of his glorious and majestic character was published in six volumes by the respected Shri Ramadasa babaji.

 

31.     RADHARAMANA GOSVAMI:

 

          He was the priest of Shri Radharamana Deva and the follower of Shri Gopala Bhatta.  He wrote a tika of Bhavartha Dipika named Dipikadipani.  In this commentary he identified himself as the son of Shri Govardhanalala Gosvami but did not give any dates.

32.     RADHARAMANA GHOSH BHAGAVATABHUSANA:

 

          He was the son of a great devotee named Krishnagovinda Ghosh of Kagojitola, who was a high ranking officer in the government, in charge of keeping records.  Shri Radharamana graduated and worked for a period of time as the manager of the Zamindari Estate of Maharsi Debendranatha Thakura.  Later he was appointed the private tutor of the King of Tripura, Sir Viracandra Manikya Bahadur.  Gradually, by his merit, he was promoted to the private secretary of the King.  Maharaja Viracandra was a great Vaishnava and lover of Lord Chaitanya, and despite his kingly responsibilities he regularly practiced his sadhana and bhajan.  Though Ghosh babu was not at that time a follower of Vaisnavism, for the sake of his job, because he was with the King throughout the entire day, he was obliged to observe some Vaishnava =rites.  The Maharaja admired him and loved him as none other in his court.  There was no one equal to Radharamana in honesty, truthfulness, austerity, etc. 

 

          Ghosh accompanied the King on his frequent visits to Vrndavana, where the King lived in his own kunja and cultivated the association of Vaishnavas.  Once something unusual happened which inspired Ghosh to accept Vaisnavism. At one time the Maharaja and his courtiers were sitting on the second floor of his house inside the kunja.  There were many things lying about on the veranda, including a very costly shawl.  Suddenly a monkey came and ran away with the shawl, climbed a tree and began playing with the shawl.  Radharamana babu and others anxiously tried various ways to get the shawl back, as the King stood unconcerned on the veranda, smilingly observing the monkeys pranks.  As the monkey tore the shawl into pieces, the Maharaja watched placidly, his peaceful face flooded with tears of love.  The Kings courtiers returned to his room, but no one dared to ask him about the reason for his reaction. 

 

          Ghosh, however, was a little anxious and thus in the evening he asked the King for permission to speak.  When permitted, he said, "Maharaja we were all upset by the activities of that monkey, but you remained undisturbed, on the contrary it appeared from the expression on your face that the incident invoked wonderful sentiments within you.  Could you please explain this?" 

The Maharaja replied, "Radharamana, today the monkey has taught me a great lesson and I am indebted to it for that. One should come to Vrndavana like a mendicant, renouncing all worldly possessions.  I am a worldly person, a man attached to material things, and I came to Vrndavana with mountains of material goods, the shawl being only one of those items.  By destroying that shawl this great person in the form of a monkey taught me that one should never go to Shri Vrndavana with worldly goods.  This lesson was a great source of joy for me and thus I shed tears of happiness."  Hearing this from the Maharaja, Ghosh remained silent, yet he was so moved that great waves of emotion filled his heart and his whole body was thrilled.  The Maharaja, being a very intelligent man, immediately understood Radharamana's mind and said, "Radharamana, it is the hardest task in the world to be a true Vaishnava. The instructions and initiation from a Vaishnava can only be acquired by the grace of the devotees of the Lord. The very spirit of Vaisnavism is the mood of humility, and Shri Gauranga was the embodiment of this humility.  His mercy was distributed to the most fallen and suffering living entities in this world.  I am a King, will He ever bestow His mercy upon me?"  Saying this the King shed tears of love. Ghosh saw and heard everything but never passed any remark, then the Maharaja entered his inner room.

 

          Sitting alone in a secluded room Ghosh considered everything the King had said and began to think in this way: "That religion which can elevate a person to the highest standard and can make a person's mind soft and humble--that religion is the best of all.  Thus Vaisnavism is the supreme religion and Shri Gauranga is the greatest of avatars, therefore I must become a Vaishnava and worship Shri Gauranga." In this way Radharamana accepting the path of Vaisnavism, and Maharaja Viracandra can thus be considered the guru who showed him the path.

 

          Henceforth a wonderful change took place in Ghosh babu's life.  During his stay in Shri Vrndavana he walked alone in solitude, or kept the company of Vaishnava sadhus whenever he had the opportunity.  One day while walking alone he came across a renounced Vaishnava sitting under a Tamal tree reading Shrimad Bhagavatam.  Although there were no listeners, the Siddha Vaishnava continued reading wonderfully, adding excellent comments and explanations which displayed his scholarship and devotion.  The Vaishnava addressed his reading to Lord Krishna in the form of the Tamal tree.  If any listener happened to appear, he did not take notice of him.  From that day Ghosh went to this spot daily and silently sitting behind the reader listened quietly and left just as silently. 

 

          Ghosh continued in this way, unseen by the reader, until one day he was caught red-handed.  Siddha Mahatma saw him and affectionately called him to listen until the end of the text. That Mahatma had taken a vow to read the entire text there in seclusion.  From that day Ghosh sat beside him listening with awe and reverence.  Ghosh himself was a great Sanskrit scholar and had listened to Bhagavata discourses in the royal court and many other places, but he had never heard such a beautiful reading before.  On the last day of the reading something miraculous happened.  The trunk of the tree under which the Siddha Vaishnava was sitting suddenly split in the middle revealing the beautiful form of Syamasundar Shri Krishna, holding a flute, surrounded by a wonderful bright blue light.  On seeing this Radharamana fainted and lost consciousness.  What happened to the Vaishnava he did not know, but when he came to his senses he found that he was lying under the Tamal tree with his head upon the lap of that Vaishnava.  He then got up shyly and offered his obeisances to the Vaishnava with profound devotion.

          The Vaishnava touched his head affectionately and said sweetly, "Radharamana, my Krishna has mercifully given you direct darsana.  Now it is my order that you continue reading the Bhagavata to Krishna, who is non-different from the Bhagavata.  Do so and you will gain the full fruits of reading the Bhagavata."  Thus Ghosh continued reading the Bhagavata in his home and in the association of other devotees until the end of his life.

 

          Those who had the good fortune of listening to him recite were amazed by the beauty of his discourses.  He was able to explain every sloka of the Bhagavata, keeping fully in the line of realization of Shri Gauranga.  His very intimate devotee, Dr. Satyanarayana dasa used to say that at the time of Bhagavata reading, Shri Radharamana was possessed by the spirit of Shri Jiva Gosvami and Shrila Visvanatha Cakravarti. He would read two or three stanzas of Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita and then closing his eyes would explain them in such a way that even the greatest agnostics doubts were dispelled and they became attracted to Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.  His listeners were generally few in number (5-6) and the place of reading was generally a dilapidated room or on the grass underneath some trees.  In the simplest language he was able to illuminate even the most intricate and complicated philosophical problems, to the surprise of his audience who experienced unearthly transcendental emotions listening to him.

 

          With his help, Shrila Ramanarayana Vidyaratna of Behrampore was able to publish a Bengali rendition of the Bhagavata with four commentaries.  Shri Radharamana Ghosh Mahasaya donated one lakh of rupees so that this book could be distributed freely.  Apart from this, many other Vaishnava texts were published under his editorship, which drew the attention and respect of the Gaudiya Vaishnava community.

 

          In his family life Ghosh was an affectionate father, ideal husband and the model of a house-holder, and above everything he was a true Bhagavata.  He mixed freely with everyone, whether they be small or great, low born or high born, rich or poor.  Although he was the embodiment of profound scholarship, he was extremely humble and devoted. When an epidemic of smallpox broke out, he contacted the disease while nursing a neighbor and entered into the abode of the Supreme Lord at a ripe old age.

         

 

 

33.     RADHARANI DEVI:

 

          She was the daughter of Shri Kamalkara Pipalai,  Both she and her husband, the famous Kamdeva Pandita of Khardaha, were devotees of Lord Gauranga.

 

34.     RADHAVALLABHA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.140)

 

35.     RADHAVALLABHA CAKRAVARTI:

 

          He was the disciple of Shrimati Satyabhama devi, daughterA in-law of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 2)

 

36.     RADHAVALLABHA CATTARAJA:

 

          He belonged to the family of Shrinivasa Acarya. (Anuragavalli 7)

 

37.     RADHAVALLABHA CAUDHURI:

 

          He was the disciple of Narottama Thakura.  (Premavilasa 12, Narottamavilasa 12)

 

38.     RADHAVALLABHA DASA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 1)

 

39.     RADHAVALLABHA DASA:

 

          He was the disciple of Rasikananda.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.146)

 

40.     RADHAVALLABHA DASA:

 

          There are three Vaishnava poets known by this name.  (See Introduction of Gaurapadatarangini for details)

 

41.     RADHAVALLABHA DASA THAKURA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 1)

 

42.     RADHAVALLABHA DATTA:

 

          He was the disciple of Narottama Thakura and the son of Ramakanta Datta, who was the brother of Narottama. (Premavilasa 20)

 

43.     RADHAVALLABHA GOSVAMI:

 

                   He was the descendent of Shri Madhu Pandita.  He lost his parents at any early age and thus was not able to complete his studies.  Once he was advised by his elders to visit one of the disciples of his family and ask for money.  On the day that he visited, however, the disciple was not at home. Nevertheless, he was invited in for lunch.  After eating, the wife of the disciple requested him to say speak about Krishna. Radhavallabha, however, was quite ignorant about topics related to Shri Krishna.  He knew only that it was his duty to visit the disciple's house and accept food and money.  He thought to himself that if he would have known that he was going to be requested to speak about Krishna then he would never have come to their house.  That day he left the house of his disciple and took a vow that until he understood topics related to Krishna he would never visit his disciples again.

 

          Radhavallabha was the only male descendent of the family, yet instead of getting married and continuing the family line, he left home, went to Vrndavana and took shelter in the temple of Gopinatha.  There it was arranged that he would get two full meals a day and a rupee a month from the temple.  For this he was expected to take care of the temple accounts.  In the morning, after completing his ablutions, he earnestly read Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita or other Vaishnava sastras in Bengali, and many people took great pleasure in listening to him read. He never bought clothes or other items for his own use, he used only whatever was given to him by devotees.  He never saved any of the money he earned from the temple or from reading, every paisa was immediately spent for Vaishnava sevaA especially for those who were extremely poor or ill.  He never allowed anyone to take the dust of his feet or to eat his remnants.

 

          The topic most frequently discussed by Radhavallabha Gosvami was regarding complete detachment from money and other worldly things, even food.  When he was about to depart from this world and he found that he had two rupees ten annas left, he immediately spent it on Vaishnava seva.

 

44.     RADHAVALLABHA MANDAL:

 

          He was the disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  His father was Sudhakar Mandal, mother-Syamapriya, and brothers-Kamadeva and Gopala.  (Karnananda 1)

 

          He translated Vilapakusumanjali by Raghunatha dasa Gosvami into Bengali verse.

 

45.     RADHAVALLABHA SINHA:

 

          He was a Vaishnava poet and an accomplished vocal and instrumental musician who hailed from the district of Mursidabad.  He wrote, by hand, a research treatise on music titled Sangitamala, which was preserved by his sons.  (See Mursidabad Katha 4.413)

 

 

 

46.     RADHAVALLABHA THAKURA:

 

          He was the youngest son of Shrinivasa prabhu. According to Karnananda 2, he was the disciple of Hemalata Devi, the elder sister of Shrinivasa.

 

47.     RADHAVINODA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.151)

 

48.     RADHAVINODA CAKRAVARTI:

 

          He was the disciple of Satyabhama Devi, the daughter-inA law of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 2)

 

49.     RADHAVINODA CAKRAVARTI:

 

          He was the disciple of Isvari Devi, the wife of Shrinivasa Acarya.  He was the second son of Govinda Cakravarti and belonged the Shripata at Borakuli village.  His brothers were Rajvallabha and Kisori.  (Karnananda 1)

 

50.     RADHAVINODA DASA:

 

          He was the disciple of Rasikananda prabhu. (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.107)

 

51.     RADHAVINODA GOSVAMI:

 

          He was a descendent of Advaita Prabhu.  He translated and made commentaries on Vaishnava scriptures such as ShrimadA Bhagavatam.  Part of his Bhagavatam translation was published.

 

52.     RADHIKANATHA GOSVAMI:

 

          Shri Ramacandra Gosvamipada, who was tenth in the line of Advaita Prabhu's descendent, was a famous scholar of Logic. Shri Radhikanatha was his son, born in Santipura.  At the age of 17 he lost his parents.  He studied Shrimad Bhagavatam under Madana Gopala Gosvamipada. 

 

          Once, a brahmana from Burma named Rajvallava Cakravarti took Radhikanatha to Burma for a few months.  At that time he was appointed the King's court-pandita.  Later, being pleased with him, the King presented him with a gold leaf on which was inscribed, "Shri Gosvami Pandita Raja guru."  After a few days the King offered him a gold crown and a gold sacred thread, weighing about 20 and 40 tola respectively.

 

          In 1877 A.D. when an epidemic broke out in Burma he came back to Bengal and got married.  He eventually went back to Burma but as his patron, the king, had died and there was considerable political turmoil there he decided to return to Bengal.  At the age of thirty-three he went to Vrndavana, came back to Bengal, and then again went to Vrndavana in 1891 A.D. along with his family and Rajarsi Bahadura.  He thus moved a few times between Vrndavana and Santipura, but finally settled in Vrndavana.  He carried out the seva in a house near Kesi Ghat donated by Shri Gaurahari dasa and Shri Gaurakisore dasa. There he spent his time in the company of Vaishnavas conversing about spiritual subject matter and interpreting sacred texts. During this period he returned to Santipura once when a plague broke out in Vrndavana.  After two and a half years he returned to Vrndavana.  At the age of fifty-six, being afflicted with heart trouble, he took sannyasa on the bank of the river Yamuna on Dol Purnima day (Holi).

 

          He wrote a book of commentaries on Rupa Gosvami's Nikunja Rahasya Stava called Rahasvartha Prakasika, and translated Visvanatha Cakravarti's Shri Krishna Bhavanamrta, Camatkara Candrika and Sankalpakalpadruma into Bengali.  He also wrote Stava and Gitavali.  It is said that once when he was coming back from taking his bath in the Yamuna, Shrila Visvanatha Cakravarti accompanied him to his house and showing his mercy, accepted Radhikanatha's hospitality.  Even today the asana of Shrila Cakravarti is still being worshiped at Kesi Ghat.

 

53.     RAGHAVA GOSVAMI:

 

          He was Campaklata in his past incarnation (GGD 162).  He accompanied Shrinivasa Acarya and Narottama Thakura on their pilgrimage to Vrndavana (BRK 5.20-28).  He was a brahmana by caste from Ramnagar in South India.  His samadhi is situated in Vrndavana.

 

54.     RAGHAVA PANDITA:

 

                   Once, Shri Raghava Pandita was engaged in worshiping his Deities, absorbed in thoughts of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Just at that moment he heard the Lord's voice outside of his house uttering the holy name.  With great excitement Raghava Pandita left his worship and rushed out of the house to greet Mahaprabhu, who had just arrived from the house of Shrivasa in Kumarhatta.  Seeing the Lord and His associates, Raghava Pandita was overwhelmed with joy and fell at Mahaprabhu's feet.  The Lord lifted him up and embraced him warmly, as tears rolled down both of their faces. (GGD. 166, CC. 1.10.24A 27, 3.10.13-39, 128-139, CBh. 3.5.83-100, 3.5.10-108, 3.5.266A 284)

 

          The Lord then said, "Now that I have reached Raghava Pandita's house all My fatigue has vanished.  Simply by entering this house I have received the same benefit as taking a bath in the Ganges."  He continued, "Today a festival should be held here." 

 

          Thus within a very short time Raghava Pandita cooked many preparations and offered them to Lord Krishna.  Then he made arrangements to feed Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu.  While the two brothers ate with great pleasure They praised Raghava Pandita's excellent cooking.  As the Lord sat comfortably after eating, Shri Gadadhara dasa arrived there and offered his obeisances to Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who reciprocated with His blessings.  Purandara Pandita, Paramesvari dasa Thakura and Raghunatha Vaidya also came there, and the Lord smilingly discussed many subjects with them.

 

          Gradually the devotees arrived in Panihati one by one and the grand festival at Raghava Pandita's house began.  Shri Damayanti devi, Raghava Pandita's sister, was also an ardent devotee of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.  One day Mahaprabhu told Raghava Pandita, "Raghava! Nityananda is My second body. Whatever pastimes I perform, I do with the help of Nityananda. These mysteries are not understood by even great saints. Whatever you have attained is simply due to the grace of Nityananda Prabhu."  Saying this the Lord then went to the house of Shri Bhagavata Acarya at Barahanagar.

 

          Just before leaving Panihati, Mahaprabhu ordered the devotee Makaradvaja to serve Raghava Pandita, saying that this would be most pleasing to Him.

 

          After some time, Nityananda Prabhu and His associates visited Raghava Pandita's house, and Raghava's joy knew no bounds.  During Nityananda's stay at Panihati, Shri Makaradvaja and his family engaged in His personal service.  By the desire of Nityananda Prabhu, all the devotees assembled in Panihati and performed sankirtana.  The great singer Shri Madhava Ghosh came along with his two brothers, Vasu Ghosh and Govinda Ghosh, who were also wonderful singers.

 

          As Shri Nityananda Prabhu's ecstatic sankirtana ensued and Shri Raghava Pandita's house overflowed with joy.  Sitting on a cot, Shri Nityananda Prabhu advised His devotees to coronate Him, and Raghava Pandita and the devotees immediately made arrangements to do so.  They brought sandalwood paste, flowers, lamps, and thousands of pitchers of water, and the coronation began.  The devotees emptied the pitchers by pouring the water on Nityananda Prabhu.  After the bathing ceremony, He was dressed in new clothes.  The devotees then garlanded Him and covered His body with sandalwood paste.  Shri Raghava Pandita hoisted the umbrella over the Lord's head and the devotees on two sides fanned with camaras.  The entire atmosphere was surcharged with ecstasy and Nityananda Prabhu's loving glances increased everyone's delight. 

 

          Nityananda Prabhu then said, "I love Kadamba flowers, I want to be garlanded them.  Go to the garden and you will find these flowers."  But Shri Raghava Pandita replied that it was not the season for Kadamba flowers.  Nevertheless, Shri Nityananda insisted, "Go to the garden and you will find the flowers."  When Raghava Pandita entered the garden he was astonished to find Kadamba flowers abundantly blossoming on another type of tree.      Chanting the name of Hari joyfully, Raghava Pandita immediately picked the flowers and made a garland which he offered around the neck of Nityananda Prabhu. The devotees were overwhelmed by the charming beauty of Shri Nityananda.

 

          On another occasion, while the devotees were sitting with Nityananda Prabhu chanting the holy name, they suddenly smelled the sweet fragrance of Damanak flowers, which was very unusual since these flowers did not grow in that part of the country.  Nityananda then explained the mystery behind it.  He said that although Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was in Nilacala, He had heard the beautiful kirtana of the devotees and appeared there unseen by them.  Nityananda described that the Lord had sat under a nearby tree, wearing a garland of Damanak flowers and thus the devotees had smelled the wonderful fragrance. 

 

          In this way Shri Nityananda Prabhu performed his pastimes in the house of Raghava Pandita.  Shri Raghava Pandita was Dhanishta in Krishna lila.

 

55.     RAGHAVA PURI:

 

          No information other than his name is available on him. He was Siddhi in his past incarnation (GGD 96-97).  His name is mentioned in Vaishnava Vandana of Jiva Gosvami (134) and Devakinandana (50)      

 

56.     RAGHAVENDRA RAYA:

 

          He was a brahmana by caste.  A disciple of Narottama Thakura, Raghavendra was the father of King Cand Ray and Santos Ray.  (Premavilasa 18, See also "Cand Ray")

 

57.     RAGHU:

 

          He belonged to the lineage of Lord Chaitanya.  (CC. 1.10.148)

 

58.     RAGHU DASA:

 

          He was the former Mahanta of Galta at Jaipur in Rajasthan.  As a result of his disobedience to his guru Suryananda's command, he suffered leprosy and was liberated only after drinking water which had washed the feet of his guru.  Suryananda was born as Nayananda in his next birth. (See "Nayananda")

 

59.     RAGHU MISRA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Gadadhara (CC. 1.12.85) and was Karpura-manjari in Vrajalila (GGD 195,201)

 

 

 

 

60.     RAGHU NILAMVAR:

 

          A resident of Orissa (Nilacala) who belonged to the lineage of Lord Chaitanya.

 

61.     RAGHUDASA THAKURA:

 

          He belonged to the family of Shrinivasa Acarya. (Anuragavalli 7)

 

62.     RAGHUDEVA BHATTACARYA:

 

          He was a disciple of Ganganarayana Cakravarti and belonged to the spiritual lineage of Narottama Thakura. (Narottamavilasa 11)

 

63.     RAGHUNANDANA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 1)

 

64.     RAGHUNANDANA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  It was he who was requested by the Vrndavana Gosvamis to bring the joyful message to the Gauda devotees that the Deity of Radhika, which was sent by Jahnava Mata from Khardaha, was going to be installed on the left of Gopinatha and a grand festival would be held on the occasion. 

 

65.     RAGHUNANDANA:

 

          Bimanbihari Majumdar (CCU P. 675) states that this Raghunandana was possibly a different person from the Smrti scholar.  (CC.  1.10.117)

 

66.     RAGHUNANDANA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Chaitanya (CC. 1.10.76). A Vaidya by caste, he hailed from Shrikhanda.  He was Pradyumna in his past incarnation.  He is mentioned in Vaishnava Vandana of Jiva Gosvami P. 181-182, 189-190, in Devakinandana's P. 76, and in Vrndavanadasa's P. 64.

 

67.     RAGHUNANDANA BHATTACARYA:

 

          He was the son of Harihar Bhattacarya.  Raghunandana is also known as "Smarta Bhattacarya" (Smrti scholar).  He wrote a large manual relating to Smrti on rituals to be performed on various occasions (such as sacred thread ceremony, marriage, etc.).  He was a contemporary of Lord Chaitanya.

 

68.     RAGHUNANDANA CAKRAVARTI:

 

          See "Raghunatha Cakravarti"

 

69.     RAGHUNANDANA DASA GHATAK:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya, who awarded him the title "Ghatak." (Karnananda 1)

 

70.     RAGHUNANDANA GOSVAMI:

 

          He was born in a family descending from Lord Nityananda in Maro village late in the seventeenth Saka century.  He made a notable contribution to the field of Gaudiya Vaishnava literature and attained great fame by composing the following works:  Gaurangacampu; Gaurangavirudavali; Ramarasayana: Radhadamodara Kavya; Gitamala; Desikanirnaya; Sansayasatani tika of Bhagavatam; Vyakhyanamanjari tika of Chandomanjari.

 

71.     RAGHUNANDANA THAKURA:

 

          In Shrikhanda lived three brothers, Shri Mukunda dasa, Shri Madhava dasa and Shri Narahari Sarkara Thakura.  The son of Shri Mukunda dasa Thakura was Shri Raghunandana Thakura.  Although Shri Mukunda was the royal physician, he was always absorbed in ecstatic love for Lord Krishna.

 

          One day in the midst of the royal court Mukunda dasa saw the King's peacock-feather fan and fainted due to remembrance of Shri Krishna.  When the Badshah questioned him about his behavior, Mukunda tried to conceal his actual condition by stating that he had fallen due to epilepsy.  The emperor, however, understood his exalted devotional state and respectfully had him escorted home.

 

          Every year these three brothers came to take darsana of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's lotus feet and to perform kirtana during the Ratha-yatra festival in Puri.  Once Mahaprabhu affectionately addressed Mukunda, "Mukunda, between you and Raghunandana who is the father and who is the son?"  Shri Mukunda replied, "Raghunandana is my father!  The actual father is he from whom we receive Krishna bhakti."  The Lord said, "You are right."  Then Chaitanya Mahaprabhu ordered Shri Raghunandana to worship the Deity daily.

 

          In his childhood Raghunandana once fed the Deity sweets. This pastime has been beautifully described by Uddhava dasa in his padas.  The theme of the song is that by Raghunandana's earnest prayer, Shri Krishna personally appeared and ate half of the sweet offered.  The other half of that sweet is still in Shrikhanda temple.

 

          The festival held by Narottama Thakura and Shrinivasa Acarya in Kheturi was attended by Shri Raghunandana, who performed kirtana there.  Once Shri Abhirama Gopala Thakura and Shri Raghunandana Thakura were performing kirtana and dancing at Badadangi.  While dancing, Shri Raghunandana Thakura's anklet came off and fell into a pond at Akai-Hati, which is located approximately 2/3 miles from Bada dangi.  Since then the pond has been known as "Nupura kunda".  At present the anklet is in the custody of the Mahantas of Badui village, south of Akai-hati.

 

          Shri Raghunandana was Kandarpa manjari in Krishna lila and in Dvaraka lila was Kandarpa, the son of Shri Krishna.

 

          The descendants of Shri Kanai Thakura, the son of Shri Raghunandana are still in Shrikhanda.  Shri Pancanan Kaviraja of Shrikhanda was born in this family.  Shri Raghunandana was born in the Saka era of 1432. (GGD. 70; CC. 1.10.78; BRK. 13.177A 179,184)

 

72.     RAGHUNATHA:

 

          He was a close associate of Lord Gauranga and was one of the eight Siddhi's.  (GGD. 96-97)

 

73.     RAGHUNATHA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Advaita Prabhu.  (CC. 1.12.63)

 

74.     RAGHUNATHA:

 

          A brahmana by caste who belonged to the spiritual lineage of Gadadhara.  He was Varangada in Vraja lila.  (GGD 194-200)

 

75.     RAGHUNATHA BHATTA GOSVAMI:

 

          Tapan Misra was the father of Raghunatha Bhatta.  When Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu went to the bank of the river Padma in East Bengal, He became acquainted with Tapan Misra, who was a native of East Bengal and well verses in sastra.  Although Tapan Misra had profusely discussed topics related to the Absolute Truth, he had not been able to arrive at any substantial conclusion.  He thus pondered over this matter very seriously, but could see no solution to his dilemma.  One night the Supreme Lord spoke to him in a dream and told him to go to Nimai Pandita, who was capable of answering all his questions.  The voice said, "He is not an ordinary human being, He is God Himself appearing in the form of a mortal being.  He has appeared in this world to perform His pastimes for the benefit of all mankind."  Saying this the Lord disappeared. (CBh. Adi)

 

          The following morning after finishing his routine duties, Tapan Misra started out in search of Nimai Pandita.  He finally found the Lord on an elevated seat surrounded by his disciples, looking like a moon amongst the stars.  His resplendent beauty was unsurpassable, with His blooming lotus petals eyes, curly black hair, brilliant yellow cloth, and a sacred thread draped across His chest.  Tapan MIsra offered his prostrate obeisances, and with folded hands humbly said, "Oh kindhearted Prabhu, I am a despicable person, please be merciful to me."  After introducing himself, Tapan Misra inquired from the Lord about sadhya and sadhana.

          Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu explained to him, "For the welfare of all living entities, the Lord descends to this earth in every age and teaches how to worship Him.  In SatyaA yuga-by meditation; in Treta-yuga-by yajna; in Dvapara-yuga-by service; and in kali-yuga the recommended method is namaA sankirtana, chanting the holy names of the Lord.  These are the four kinds of worship recommended for the benefit of all living entities in the four yugas.  The Supreme Lord instructs everyone on the basis of their strength, vitality and longevity.  Anything which is performed contrary to this will bear no fruit.  Thus in Kali-yuga the only way for realization is chanting the name of Krishna: Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare, Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare. By chanting this mantra all truths can be understood.  The holy name of the Lord is the sadhya and also the sadhana.  The name and the owner of the name are non-different."

 

          Hearing this, Tapan Misra fell at the feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu offering his heart-felt obeisances.  He then asked permission to accompany the Lord to Navadvipa, but Mahaprabhu instructed him to go to Kasi where they would soon meet again. 

 

          After a few years Nimai Pandita accepted sannyasa and, according to the advice of His mother, went to Jagannatha Puri where he stayed for a few months.  Then on His way to Vrndavana via Jharakhanda He came to Kasi dhama.  When the Lord came to Manikarnika bathing ghat on the bank of the Ganges in Kasi, He loudly shouted "Hari, Hari."  At that time Tapan Misra was taking his bath in the area and was astonished to hear the name of Hari in the midst of the mayavadi community.  Seeing the beautiful sannyasi, Tapan Misra wondered if it could possibly be Nimai Pandita as he had heard that He had taken sannyasa.  When the Lord came out of the water, Tapan Misra's suspicion was confirmed.  Crying in transcendental joy Tapan Misra immediately offered his obeisances.  Shri Chaitanya picked him up and warmly embraced him.  With great care Tapan Misra brought the Lord to his house and washed His feet, all the members of his family drank that water and were overwhelmed with happiness.  When Tapan Misra's child Raghunatha worshiped the feet of Mahaprabhu, the Lord took him in His arms.  Misra immediately arranged for Balabhadra Bhattacarya to cook for the Lord.  Meanwhile Mahaprabhu took His bath, performed his other duties, and then accepted his mid-day meal.  After the Lord had finished eating Misra accepted prasada while Raghunatha massaged the feet of the Lord as He took rest.

 

          Hearing of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's arrival, Candrasekhar, the Maharastrian brahmana and other devotees rushed to worship His lotus feet.  The Lord embraced them and spoke with them at length.  While in Kasi, Mahaprabhu visited Visesvara Siva, Bindumadhava and Dasasvamedha Ghat.  He stayed in the house of Candrasekhar and went to Tapan Misra's house to eat.  Shri Candrasekhar was born in a Vaidya family and was a copyist by profession.

 

          In Kasi three words were continuously heard--Brahma, Atma and Chaitanya.  The Maharastrian brahmana begged Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to liberate the people of Kasi.  He explained to the Lord that thrice he had uttered the name of Shri Krishna Chaitanya to Prakasananda Sarasvati, the preceptor of the sannyasis in Kasi, but Prakasananda could not utter the words Shri Krishna, he said Chaitanya only.  The Lord replied, "These mayavadis are deluded offenders at the lotus feet of Lord Krishna, thus the name of Krishna does not come out of their mouth."  The following day the Lord left for Vrndavana saying, "If Krishna is merciful all of them will be liberated."

 

          Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu stayed in Vrndavana for a few days joyfully visiting various places of pilgrimage, then returned to Kasi dhama.  One day He met with Prakasananda Sarasvati, whose heart was changed upon seeing the humility, generosity and radiant beauty of the Lord.  Thus the sannyasis worshiped the lotus feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and sang His glories.  In this way the sankirtana movement took roots in Kasi and spread like a tidal wave.  The doctrine of illusion was washed away.  The devotees were delighted to have the Lord's association for ten days and Tapan Misra, Candrasekhar, the Maharastrian brahmana and the other devotees served Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to their hearts content. Raghunatha, Misra's child, also had the good fortune of serving his spiritual master for ten days.

 

          Afterwards Chaitanya Mahaprabhu bade farewell to the devotees and started for Puri.  The devotees could not bear to see the Lord leave.  Raghunatha cried and fell at the feet of Mahaprabhu.  The Lord took him on his lap, dusted his body and said, "Remain here and serve your parents.  Occasionally you can come to visit Me in Puri."  The Lord embraced Tapan Misra, Candrasekhar and other devotees and left.

 

          Raghunatha very quickly became well-versed in grammar, poems and scriptures.  He also devoted himself to the service of his old parents.  As soon as Raghunatha was old enough his father instructed him to go to Puri for darsana of Gaurasundara.  Raghunatha's joy knew no bounds.  His mother prepared various kinds of food for the Lord and put them in a basket.  With the blessings and permission of his parents, Raghunatha, accompanied by a servant, started for Puri. 

 

          Along the way he met a devotee of Rama named Ramadasa, who was a kayastha by caste and employed by the government, he was also a lecturer on Kavya Prakasa.  Ramadasa bowed down to Shri Raghunatha Bhatta and offered his obeisances.  He took the basket from the servant and carried it on his head. Raghunatha protested, "What are you doing?  You are a learned man."  Ramadasa replied, "Respected Bhatta, I am a low-born sudra.  By serving a brahmana I can earn religious merit." Shri Raghunatha insisted, "Panditji, please, I request you to hand the basket over to the servant."  But still Shri Ramadasa carried the basket.  In the course of their journey they discussed various subject matters related to scriptures and at last arrived at Puri.

 

          Upon seeing the Lord, Raghunatha fell at His feet offering obeisances, and the Lord kindly embraced him. Immediately all Raghunatha's miseries and pain vanished. While on his way to Puri, Raghunatha had feared that the Lord would not recognize him, as they had not seen each other for such a long time.  His anxiety increased as he wondered whether he would be received cordially by the Lord, for he knew that Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was always surrounded by many devotees who were very dear to Him.  He wondered whether the Lord could possibly remember an ordinary devotee like himself. But when the Lord embraced him and addressed him by his name, tears of joy rolled down his cheeks.  He tearfully touched the Lord's feet saying, "Oh kind-hearted Lord, how is it that you still remember this despicable person?"  Mahaprabhu replied, "Raghunatha!  In this life, and life after life, I shall never forget the love and affection shown by your parents.  Everyday they fed me with great love and devotion."

 

          Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu then introduced Raghunatha to the other devotees, who were very happy to meet him.  Finally, Raghunatha took out the basket of food sent by his mother and placed it before the Lord.  Mahaprabhu was extremely pleased, He called Govinda and requested him to take care of the preparations.  The Lord then inquired about the well-being of his parents, and Raghunatha gave Him all information in detail.  Raghunatha then brought Ramadasa to meet the Lord. Ramadasa fell prostrate at Mahaprabhu's feet.  However, the omniscient Lord could understand that Ramadasa had a desire for deliverance, and thus He did not show much affection towards him.

 

          The Lord then instructed Raghunatha to go to the sea and take bath, then to visit the temple of Jagannatha for darsana. Accompanied by one devotee, Raghunatha did as the Lord said. When he returned, Govinda served him the remnants of the Lord's prasada.  Mahaprabhu then arranged for Raghunatha's accommodations and food.  Occasionally, Raghunatha cooked at his residence and invited the Lord for prasada, then with great care and devotion he feed Mahaprabhu. Shri Raghunatha spent eight months with Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu at Nilacala, witnessing the Lord's dancing and singing ecstatically in front of Jagannatha Deva. 

 

          After eight months had passed, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu requested Raghunatha to return to Kasi and join his parents. Raghunatha could not bear the thought of leaving, but the Lord consoled him and instructed him not to marry, to serve his old parents, and to read Bhagavata with the Vaishnavas.  Mahaprabhu also instructed him to return to Nilacala again for darsana of Jagannatha Deva.  The Lord then offered His own garland to Raghunatha, and gave him Jagannatha prasada to take to his parents and the other devotees in Kasi.  Raghunatha fell at the Lord's feet, who embraced him affectionately and bade him farewell.  Feeling intense pangs of separation, Raghunatha started for Kasi.

 

          In Kasi, Shri Raghunatha Bhatta served his parents and engaged himself in reading Bhagavata.  When his old parents left this world, he did not marry, but immediately went to see Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in Puri, who was delighted to see Raghunatha and highly praised his parents.  For eight months Raghunatha spent his days happily in the association of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.  However, one day the Lord called him and requested that he go to Vrndavana.  The Lord explained that by the order of his mother, Sacidevi, he was obliged to remain in Puri and could not attend to the work in Vraja.  Thus he wanted Raghunatha to tend to the work.  When Raghunatha expressed his unhappiness at leaving the Lord, Mahaprabhu instructed him to stay with Rupa and Sanatana in Vrndavana and always discuss Bhagavata.

 

          As ordered, Shri Raghunatha Bhatta prepared to go to Vrndavana.  After offering his respects to all the Vaishnavas he came before Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to bid farewell.  At that time the Lord gave him a garland of Jagannatha Deva which was seven yards long and betel maha-prasada, and then embraced Raghunatha. 

 

          Raghunatha followed the same route to Vrndavana as the Lord had previously taken.  When he arrived in Vrndavana, Shri Rupa and Shri Sanatana Gosvami greeted him with great affection, treating him as their own brother. Shri Raghunatha pleased them by his humility, politeness, and impeccable behavior.  In the presence of Rupa Gosvami he continually read the Bhagavata and was filled with ecstatic love.   Frequently his eyes filled with tears and thus he was unable to read further.

 

          Shri Raghunatha Bhatta's voice was as sweet as that of a cuckoo.  He used to read every stanza with a different musical tune.  Shri Raghunatha devoted himself to the service of Govinda Deva. With the help of a rich devotee, he built a temple for Shri Govinda Deva.  He also had earrings, flute and other ornaments made for the Deity.  During his meditation he always kept the garland given to him by the Lord nearby.  He never spoke or listened to any criticism of anyone.  He spent twenty-four hours worshiping the Lord and discussing the pastimes of Krishna.

 

          According to GGD., Shri Raghunatha Bhatta was Ragamanjari in Krishna lila.  He was born in Saka 1427 (1505 A.D.), in the month of Asvin (Sept.-Oct.), on the 12th day of the bright fortnight.  He left this world in Saka 1501 (1579 A.D.), in the month of Jaistha (May-June), on the 10th day of the bright fortnight.  He lived for 74 years.

 

76.     RAGHUNATHA BIPRA:

 

          He was a brahmana resident of Nilacala.  He is mentioned in Krishnadasa Kaviraja's Shri Chaitanyaganoddesadipika, an unpublished manuscript preserved in Orissa State Museum.  His name is also mentioned, along with other Oriya followers of Lord Chaitanya, in Vaishnava Vandana of Jiva Gosvami 223, of Devakinandana 106 and of Vrndavanadasa 98.  He was Varangana in his past incarnation.

 

77.     RAGHUNATHA CAKRAVARTI:

 

          He was the disciple as well as the father-in-law of Shrinivasa Acarya.  He is also known as "Raghav." He was the father of Gaurangapriya devi and belonged to Shripata Gopalpura.  Madhavi Devi was his wife.  (Premavilasa 17, Karnananda 1, BRK. 3.204-205)

 

77B.    RAGHUNATHA CAKRAVARTI:

 

          He was the elder brother of Visvanatha Cakravarti.

 

78.     RAGHUNATHA DASA:

 

          He belonged to the spiritual lineage of Shrinivasa Acarya. (Premavilasa 20, Karnananda 1)

 

79.     RAGHUNATHA DASA:

 

          His name is mentioned in Vaishnava Vandana of Jiva Gosvami p. 191, Devakinandana p. 77, and Vrndavana dasa p. 65)

 

80.     RAGHUNATHA BHUINYA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.133)

 

 

81.     RAGHUNATHA DASA GOSVAMI:

 

          Shri Raghunatha dasa took his birth in the village of Shri Krishnapura in the district of Hooghly.  His father's name was Shri Govardhana, whose elder brother was Shri Hiranya dasa. Both of them were respectable wealthy land-holders belonging to the Kayastha caste.  Their title, which was given by the King, was "Majumdar" and their yearly income was two million.

 

          In his childhood Shri Raghunatha dasa studied at the house of the priest, Acarya Shri Balarama dasa.  Haridasa Thakura was very merciful to Balarama dasa and occasionally visited his house.  At these times Raghunatha dasa had the good fortune of relishing Thakura Haridasa's association and listened to philosophical discourses from him.

 

          Shri Raghunatha dasa was the only son in the family of Hiranya and Govardhana and there was no limit to the care and affection which was showered upon him.  Though he was brought up just like the son of a king, by the powerful influence of saintly devotees, he realized at a very young age that material existence is temporary and a mood of detachment towards wealth, parents and relatives began to grow within him.

 

          Upon hearing the glories of Shri Gauranga and Nityananda, he became extremely eager to have darsana of Their lotus feet. When he heard that Shri Gaurasundara had taken sannyasa and was leaving Nadia forever, he rushed madly to the home of Advaita Acarya in Santipura to meet the Lord.  Seeing Raghunatha fall at His feet, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu could understand that this was His dear most eternal associate, and He embraced Raghunatha firmly.  Crying, Shri Raghunatha appealed to the Lord, "I will also go with you."  But the Lord replied that He would not take him along at that time, yet upon His return from Vrndavana, Raghunatha should, under any pretext, come to Nilacala to see Him. 

 

          In CC. Anyta lila, Sixth Chapter, there is a narration of how Shri Raghunatha dasa was arrested by the Nawab's men and his subsequent release from the bondage of family life.  In that chapter there is also a description of the Panihati festival, as well as Raghunatha's pastimes in Jagannatha Puri with Shri Gaurasundara.

 

          Shri Raghunatha dasa Gosvami passed his days in the highest happiness, continually bathing in the shower of Mahaprabhu's mercy.  But upon the disappearance of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Raghunatha's world grew dark.  In separation from their Lord, the devotees hearts burned with anguish.  Raghunatha dasa also burned in that fire of separation, but taking the order of Mahaprabhu on his head, he went to Shri Vrndavana.  Previously Shri Sanatana, Shri Rupa, Shri Gopala Bhatta, Shri Raghunatha Bhatta, Shri Lokanatha, Shri Kasisvara, and Shri Bhugarbha Gosvami had already gone to Vrndavana and were living there by the order of the Lord. Though they all burned in the fire of separation, they pacified themselves by gathering together and discussing and writing the conclusions of the teaching of Mahaprabhu.  It was the dawn of a golden age in Vraja.  Shri Vallava Acarya also visited Vrndavana at that time.

 

          Shri Raghunatha used to reside at Shri Radhakunda.  At that time Radhakunda had not yet been excavated, though Raghunatha often meditated upon how to beautify the kunda.  Once a wealthy merchant walked the long, difficult road to Shri Badarikasrama.  With great devotion he worshiped Shri Badarinarayana and offered a large portion of his wealth in charity.  That night Shri Badarinarayana appeared to him in a dream and said, "You should go to the village near Vraja named Arit-grama where you will find my devotee, Shri Raghunatha dasa Gosvami.  To him you should deliver all your wealth.  If he refuses to accept it, tell him I sent you and remind him about restoring Radhakunda."  The merchant happily returned to his home and then went on to Vraja where he met Shri Raghunatha and explained everything to him.  Astonished, Raghunatha gave him permission to restore both Radhakunda and Syamakunda

 

          On the banks of the kunda grew five trees, which were actually the five Pandavas.  Once there was some talk of cutting the trees down, but that night the Pandavas appeared to Raghunatha and forbade the trees to be cut.  To this day the trees still grow there.  The devotees were overwhelmed with happiness to see the restoration of Shri Radhakunda and Shri Syamakunda.  On the outskirts of these two ponds, groves of the Asta-sakhis were planted. 

 

          Raghunatha did not have a fixed residence, but stayed either on the banks of Shri Radhakunda or on the banks of the Manasa Ganga.  At that time both places were surrounded by a fearful jungle inhabited by ferocious tigers and other wild beasts.  One day Shri Sanatana Gosvami arrived at the bhajan kutir of Shri Gopala Bhatta Gosvami on the banks of the Manasa Ganga where he would take his midday meal.  When going for a bath at Pavan Ghat he saw a tiger very nearby who had just drunk water in the ghat. Just a little further on, Raghunatha dasa sat at the base of a tree deeply absorbed in his bhajan. Sanatana Gosvami was alarmed and requested Raghunatha to practice bhajan in a cottage or hut.  From that day on Raghunatha performed his bhajan in his hut.

 

          In Vraja, Shri Radha and Candravali serve Shri Govinda in the mood of parakiya love.  They each have unlimited sakhis who assist them in their pastimes.  Shri Raghunatha considered himself to be a maidservant in Radha's group, and therefore he never went to Candravali's grove or chatted with any of her friends.  In this way he spent his days worshiping Krishna within his mind.

 

          A devotee named Shridasa Vrajavasi used to bring a leaf cup of buttermilk to Raghunatha dasa everyday.  Raghunatha would drink his buttermilk and spend the day doing bhajan. One day Shridasa Vrajavasi took some cows to pasture in the garden groves of Shrimati Candravali.  From that garden he picked some large palasa leaves which he took back to his house.  He made leaf cups from the palasa leaves and in one cup he took Raghunatha dasa some buttermilk.  Upon receiving the milk Raghunatha enquired about the big leaves.  When Shridasa replied that he had got them in the grove of Shrimati Candravali, Raghunatha dasa was filled with rage.  He threw the cup of buttermilk on the ground, saying that the followers of Shri Radha never accepted anything from that place.  Shridasa was amazed to see Raghunatha dasa Gosvami's firm devotion for Shri Radha.

 

          Raghunatha dasa Gosvami was always engaged in worshiping Shri Radha-Govinda within his mind.  One day, in his meditation he prepared and offered sweet-rice to Shri Radha and Krishna.  In great happiness They and the gopis ate the sweet rice, and he accepted Their remnants.  While he was honoring their Lordship's prasada, he was filled with intense love and ate slightly more than what he was accustomed to.  The next day, from morning until late afternoon his door remained closed, causing the devotees some concern.  After they knocked repeatedly on his door, it finally opened and they saw him lying down.  "My health is not good," he explained to Shridasa. The devotees were unhappy and immediately sent word to Sanatana Gosvami in Mathura.  At that time Shri Sanatana was staying at the house of Vallava Acarya. Upon hearing the news, Vallavacarya's son, Shri Viththal, sent two doctors to see Raghunatha dasa at Radha-kunda.

 

          Seeing his condition the physicians insisted that Raghunatha's illness was the result of eating too much sweet rice.  The devotee were dumfounded by such a suggestion, but eventually understood the mystery.  The worship of Raghunatha dasa Gosvami was very wonderful.

 

          Kavi Karnapura has written in GGD (186) that Shri Raghunatha was Rasamanjari in Krishna lila.  According to some other persons he was Ratimanjari or Bhanumati.

 

          Raghunatha dasa wrote many books such as:  Stavavali, Danacarita, Muktacarita, etc.  He also composed many padas. He was born in the Saka era of 1428 and left the world in the Saka era of 1504, on the twelfth day of the bright fortnight in the month of Asvina.  (CC. 1.10.91-102, 3.6.35-154, GGD. 186, Premavilasa 16.127)

 

          His name has been mentioned in the following texts: Vaishnava Vandana of Jiva Gosvami (149-150), of Devakinandana (55), and of Vrndavanadasa (49); Krishnachaitanyacaritam of Murari Gupta 4.17.21; Karnapura's Chaitanyacandrodayanatakam 10.3.;  CC. (R.G. Nath ed.) 2.1.269.

 

82.     RAGHUNATHA KAR:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya and belonged to Shripata Kancangadia.  (Karnananda 1)

83.     RAGHUNATHA MISRA:

 

          He was a devotee of Lord Gauranga.  (Namamrtasamudra 112)

 

84.     RAGHUNATHA PURI/TIRTHA:

 

          This is another name of Acarya Vaishnavananda, who belonged to the sakha of Lord Nityananda (CC. 1.11.42, GGD. 96-97).  See also "Vaishnavananda Acarya."  He is mentioned in the following texts:  Vaishnava Vandana of Jiva Gosvami (270), but in Devakinandana's and Vrndavana dasa's his name is given as Raghunatha Puri.  (Chaitanyamangala of Jayananda (145), CC. 1.11.39)

 

85.     RAGHUNATHA RAYA:

 

          He was a brahmana resident of Navadvipa.  His father was Subhananda Raya and his brother was Janardana.  His son was the well-known Jagai (or Jagannatha).  (Premavilasa 21)

 

86.     RAGHUNATHA SIROMANI:

 

          He was born at Pancakhanda and was a student of Vasudeva Sarvabhauma.  His family-line is as follows:  Isan--A Vidyunmali--Govinda.  Govinda had two sons named Raghupati and Raghunatha.

 

          Raghunatha studied at Navadvipa and was later invited to Mithila.  Afterwards Raghunatha set up the first school for teaching Nyaya in the cattle-shed of the affluent Hari Ghosh of Navadvipa.

 

          When Raghunatha Siromani attained great distinction in Navadvipa, King Prataparudra of Orissa took Vasudeva Sarvabhauma to Orissa.  Raghunatha was also known as "Kana Siromani," or "Kanabhatta."

 

          According to Advaita Prakasa (p.54), the commentary prepared by Lord Chaitanya on the treatise of Nyaya was thrown into the Ganges to enable Raghunatha to have a wide circulation of his own commentary on the same subject.  His writings are as follows:  Cintamani-didhiti, PadarthaA Khandana, Atmatattva Viveka, Tika of Gunakiranavali and Nyayalilavati, Nanarthavad, Pramanyavad, ksanabhangurvad, Malimluca-viveka, etc.  (See Navadvipa Mahima (P. 130-147)

 

87.     RAGHUNATHA VAIDYA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Chaitanya and was a close associate of the Lord at Puri (CC. 1.10.124-126).  He is mentioned in Murari Gupta's Krishnachaitanyacaritam 4.17.21.

 

88.     RAGHUNATHA VAIDYA:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura.  (Premavilasa 20)

89.     RAGHUNATHA VAIDYA UPADHYAYA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Nityananda (CC. 1.11.26, CBh. 3.5.726).  He was present during the famous festival at Kheturi.  Commanded by Lord Chaitanya this Raghunatha accompanied Lord Nityananda to Bengal and on the way Raghunatha experienced Revatibhava  (CBh. 3.5.231-239)

 

90.     RAGHUPATI UPADHYAYA:

 

          He was a brahmana from Mithila belonging to Shripata Trihut (CC. 2.19.92).

 

          When Lord Chaitanya stayed at the house of Vallabhacarya at Prayag, Raghupati went there and sought refuge at the feet of the Lord.  Lord Chaitanya derived great satisfaction from conversing with Raghupati about Lord Krishna (CC. 2.19.93-107)

 

          Slokas composed by Raghupati have been included in Padyavali (no.s 82,87,97,78,126,301)

 

91.     RAJA MITRA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.111)

 

92.     RAJA NRSIMHADEVA:

 

          A King of Manbhum district, he was a close friend and God-brother of King Vira Hamvira.  He contributed to Padavali literature.  (See Gaudiya Vaishnava Literature 2.31)

 

93.     RAJANI PANDITA:

 

          He was also known as "Avadhuta."  He lived at Bhangamora village located about four miles west of Tarakeswar in the district of Hugli.  Abhirama Gosvami was commanded to go to this place to install Deities of Madanamohana.  The name of the village was thus changed to "Madanamohanapura."  The map of the Hugli district continues to show Madanamohanapura in place of Bhangamora.

 

          Rajani Pandita entrusted Mukunda Pandita, the disciple of Abhirama Gosvami, with the responsibility of serving Madanamohana.  Rajani then went to Bakharpura village where he installed Deities of Syamaraya and served Them.

 

          Abhirama-lilamrta states as follows:  Commanded by his guru, Abhirama Thakura, Mukunda Pandita went to Sonatala village where he installed the Deity of Syamaraya and served Them.  Once when Mukunda visited Bhangamora village, Rajani warmly welcome him and ordered his attendant to fetch water to wash Mukunda's feet.  As the attendant took a long time to bring the water, someone else delivered it.  Rajani then went inside the temple and found mud and shrubs from the pond stuck to the feet of Madanamohana.  Rajani realized that Madanamohana Himself had gone to fetch water in a vessel for His devotee.  Rajani then humbly told Mukunda , "You are the real devotee of the Lord, thus you should serve Him here. Today I am entrusting you with the service of Madanamohana and I will go elsewhere."  Thus Mukunda took charge of serving Rajani's Deities and Rajani went to serve Mukunda's Syamaraya Deity.

 

94.     RAJANI KAR PANDITA:

 

          According to Pata-paryatana he was a disciple of Abhirama Gosvami and belonged to Shripata Salika.

 

95.     RAJAVALLABHA:

 

          He was the grandson of Vamsivadana Thakura and the son of Shachinandana€````@P@``€``PP@P€°`° `@```š`@°°`°°  @@P` ` P@ °P`0@````@`` P`€@ `P€PP```@`PP`°°°Ppppppp p````@@@@€p€€€€€€€pppp````````` P````    ```````€````````_›8œȰ_Ȱ_粜娈粜が粞〼粞.  (Vamsisiksa P. 232)

 

96.     RAJAVALLABHA CAKRAVARTI:

 

          He was a disciple of Isvari Mata, the wife of Shrinivasa Acarya.  He belonged to the Shripata at Borakuli village.  His father was Govinda (Bhavak Cakravarti) and his brothers were Radhavinod and Kisori dasa.  (Karnananda 1)

 

97.     RAJENDRA BANDYOPADHYAY:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya and belonged to Shripata Kancangadia.  He married Malati and Fullari, the two daughters of Kumud Cattaraja (Kalanidhi Cattaraja), who was the father-in-law of Shrinivasa Acarya's daughter.  (Karnananda 1)

 

98.     RAJENDRA GOSVAMI:

 

          He was the nephew of Sanatana Gosvami and belonged to the sakha of Lord Chaitanya (CC. 1.11.85, BRK. 6.278-279).

 

          According to the book Vrajdarpanda (P. 27), when Rajendra listened to Mathurlila on the bank of Radhakunda, he suddenly became like a madman and began rushing towards Mathura to fetch Lord Krishna, but he died a short distance away south of Radhakunda, where his mortal remains are preserved.

 

99.     RAJIV PANDITA:

 

          He was a brahmana by caste and a devotee of Lord Gauranga at Navadvipa.  (Namamrtasamudra (224), Vaishnava Vandana of Jiva Gosvami (272) and Vrndavanadasa (131).

 

100.    RAKHALANANDA THAKURA:

 

          He was a descendant in the family-line of Narahari Sarkara of Shrikhanda.  He wrote a commentary on Bhakticandrika, published Shri Krishnabhajanamrta, and edited the Vaishnava periodical Gauranga-madhuri.  A noted devotee of Lord Gauranga, he illuminated the name of Madhumati Samiti.

 

101.    RAMA:

 

          An impoverished brahmana from South India.  In order to receive the grace of Lord Jagannatha, Rama starved himself for seven days shortly before the death of Lord Chaitanya.  Having failed to achieve his desired goal, Rama decided to give up his life by plunging himself into the sea.  However, he happened to meet Bibhisan, who gave him sound spiritual advice.  Rama followed along behind Bibhisan and eventually found himself in the presence of Lord Chaitanya.  Bibhisan gave a large amount of wealth to Rama.  (Chaitanyamangala Sesa 4.4.91)

 

102.    RAMA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Chaitanya. (CC. 1.10.110)

 

103.    RAMA ACARYA:

 

          He was a devotee of Advaita Prabhu. (Premavilasa 19)

 

104.    RAMABHADRA:

 

          He was the son of Lord Nityananda who died at a young age.  (Narottamavilasa 13)

 

105.    RAMABHADRA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Nityananda.  (CC. 1.11.53)

 

106.    RAMABHADRA:

 

          He was a disciple of Syamananda prabhu and belonged to Shripata Balarampura.  (Premavilasa 20)

 

107.    RAMABHADRA:

 

          He was the elder brother of Visvanatha Cakravarti and a disciple of Gopikanta, the son of Hariramacarya. (Narottamavilasa 12)

 

108.    RAMABHADRA: 

 

          He was the son of Nityananda who died at a young age. (Narottamavilasa 13)

 

109.    RAMABHADRA:

 

          He belonged to the branch of Nityananda Prabhu.  (CC. 1.11.53)

 

110.    RAMABHADRA:

 

          He lived in Balarampura and was a disciple of Syamananda prabhu.  (Premavilasa 20)

 

111.    RAMABHADRA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shri Gopikanta, the son of Shri Hariramacarya, who was the elder brother of Shri Visvanatha Cakravarti.  (Narottamavilasa 12)

 

112.    RAMABHADRA ACARYA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Chaitanya (CC. 1.10.148). After Lord Chaitanya returned to Puri from His pilgrimage in the south, this Ramabhadra and Bhagavan Acarya attended the Lord with great dedication.  According to Bimanbihari Majumdar (CCU P. 680) this Ramabhadra is called Rama Bhattacarya, a brahmana from Nilacala.  (CC. 2.10.177, BMO. P. 90)

 

113.    RAMABHADRACARYA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. (CC.1.10.148)

         

114.    RAMABHADRA RAYA:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura.  (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 12)

 

115.    RAMACANDRA:

 

          He was the youngest son of Viracandra Prabhu. (Premavilasa 24)

 

116.    RAMACANDRA:

 

          He was a resident of Shrikhanda and belonged to the sakha of Raghunandana Thakura.

 

117.    RAMACANDRA:

 

          He was a Vaishnava poet.

 

118.    RAMACANDRA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu. (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.136)

 

119.    RAMACANDRA DASA:

 

          He was a devotee of Lord Gauranga.  (Vaishnava Vandana)

 

 

120.    RAMACANDRA DASA BABAJI:

 

          He lived in a concrete hut located across Raghunathganj in Jangipur in the district of Mursidabad.  From observing the contemporary devotees of Lord Gauranga, he realized that the community lacked patrons who could enrich it.  He therefore inspired Manindracandra Nandi, the Maharaja of Cossimbazar to render service to the Vaishnavas on a large scale.

 

          In 1907 A.D. Kaminikumar Ghosh had a meeting with Ramacandra in his garden at Jangipur for two hours.  Though more than 110 years of age at that time, Ramacandra appeared to be 70-72 years old.  Upon inquiring about Kamini's guru, Ramacandra found that he and Kamini were related through spiritual lineage.  Soon after this meeting Ramacandra passed away.

 

121.    RAMACANDRA DVIJA:

 

          Biographers of Lord Chaitanya and the compilers of Vaishnava Vandana (of Jiva 243, Devakinandana 137, and Vrndavanadasa 110), mention him along with the Oriya followers of Lord Chaitanya as a resident of Nilacala.

 

          Jai Krishna Dasa specifically refers to Ramacandra Dvija along with the Oriya devotees, Balarama dasa, Natha dasa, Susu Krishna dasa and Madhava Pattanayaka, which indicates that he was a contemporary of the Pancasakha devotees.  (See Shri Chaitanya Parisad Janmasthan Nirnaya, Sahitya Parisat Patrika 1337 (1930 A.D., no. 4)

 

          In Gurubhaktigita (Utkal University ed. Vol. 3, Chapter XLIX P. 176) Acyutananda dasa refers to Ramacandra as Bisakhajutha. Unpublished manuscripts such as Anuragakalpalata, Brajabihar and Vaishnava-abhidhan give some information on this Ramacandra.

 

          In Krishnadasa Kaviraja's Shri Chaitanyaganoddesaddipika (ms. preserved in Orissa State Museum, catalogue no. L. 470 {B}), he is described as a Pandita and a follower of Lord Chaitanya.

 

122.    RAMACANDRA GOSVAMI (RAMAI):

 

          Shri Vansivadana Thakura had two sons-Shri Chaitanya dasa and Shri Nityananda dasa.  Shri Ramacandra Gosvami was the son of Shri Chaitanya dasa.  He was a very influential Acarya and was called the second Vansivadana Thakura.

 

          He was brought up as a disciple by Shri Jahnava Mata. Later he went to Mathura via Puri, Kasi and Prayaga, where he visited the birth place of Shri Krishna-Adi Kesava, as well as the twelve forests of Gokula.  After a few years he returned to Gauda bringing two Deities of Rama and Krishna.  He soon became well-known for his devotion, honesty, strict adherence to religious principles and knowledge of Bhakti-sastras.  His fame spread rapidly and many learned and wealthy persons became his disciples.

 

          At that time Amvika nagara was in the midst of a jungle full of tigers.  Ramacandra tamed the tigers and made the place inhabitable.  He and his disciples lived there and named the place Bhaghnapada.  In his writings, Shri Bhaktivinoda has mentioned the reason behind the name Bhaghnapada.  (See Bhaktivinoda Thakurera Svalikhita Jivani)

 

          At Baghnapada Shri Ramacandra Gosvami installed the Deities of Rama and Krishna which he had got when he took bath on the bank of Praskanda Tirtha.  Shri Ramacandra Gosvami was a famous pada composer.  He wrote Karaca Manjari, Samputika and Pasanda Dalana.  He was born in Saka 1459 (according to GVJ. he was born in 1456) and died in 1505 in the month of Magha (Jan-Feb) on the third day of the black fortnight.  Sometimes he stayed in Budhuri village and other times he stayed at Radhanagar near Baghnapada.  He was  a life-long brahmacari. He initiated his younger brother Shachinandana€````@P@``€``PP@P€°`° `@```š`@°°`°°  @@P` ` P@ °P`0@````@`` P`€@ `P€PP```@`PP`°°°Ppppppp p````@@@@€p€€€€€€€pppp````````` P````    ```````€````````_›8œȰ_Ȱ_粜娈粜が粞〼粞 and appointed him the priest of Baghnapada. Thus Shachinandana€````@P@``€``PP@P€°`° `@```š`@°°`°°  @@P` ` P@ °P`0@````@`` P`€@ `P€PP```@`PP`°°°Ppppppp p````@@@@€p€€€€€€€pppp````````` P````    ```````€````````_›8œȰ_Ȱ_粜娈粜が粞〼粞 and his family lived in Baghnapada.  In due course, Shri Bipin Bihari Gosvami and others were born in this family. (See also Vamsisiksa)

 

123.    RAMACANDRA GUHA:

 

          From the stone inscriptions of the temple of Shri Madanamohana built by Shri Gunananda Guha, it is understood that Ramacandra was the father of Gunananda.  He came from East Bengal and settled first at Saptagrama and later became an official under the King of Gauda. He had three sons: Bhavananda, Gunananda and Sivananda, all of whom occupied important positions in the royal service.

 

124.    RAMACANDRA KAVIRAJA:

 

          He was an intimate friend of Shri Narottama Thakura, they were practically inseparable.  Shri Ramacandra also received a lot of mercy from Shrinivasa Acarya.  His parents were Shri Ciranjiva and Shri Sunanda devi.  Shri Ciranjiva lived in Kumara nagara until he married the daughter of Damodara poet and came to live in Shrikhanda.  Shri Ciranjiva was a great devotee and Shri Narahari loved him more than his own life.  Shri Mukunda dasa, Shri Narahari, Shri Raghunandana and Shri Ciranjiva lived in Shrikhanda and were extremely close friends.  Every year they visited Puri together for the Ratha-yatra, where they danced and sang in front of the Ratha after having the darsana of the lotus feet of Lord Chaitanya.

 

          Shri Ciranjiva was born in a Vaidya community and had two sons--Shri Ramacandra and Shri Govinda, who were both very meritorious.  After receiving the mercy of Shrinivasa, the brothers came to live in Teliabudhuri village in the Mursidabad district.

 

          Shri Ramacandra Kaviraja was extremely intelligent, enterprising and handsome.  His maternal grandfather was the great poet Shri Damodara Kaviraja, who was a Sakti worshiper. Because Ramacandra and Shri Govinda stayed at their grandfather's house after their father's death, they were both influenced by the Sakta religion.  Shri Ramacandra Sen was a physician and a great poet.

 

          After Ramacandra's marriage ceremony he passed through the streets of Yajigrama on his way home.  There he saw Shrinivasa Acarya sitting on the veranda of his house discussing topics of Krishna.  Simply by seeing Shrinivasa, Ramacandra suddenly experienced ecstatic emotions.  Shrinivasa was also moved by the presence of Ramacandra and inquired about him from his disciples.  Hearing about him, Shrinivasa smiled slightly.

 

          When Ramacandra arrived at his house he felt extremely restless and as soon as the night arrived, he left for Yajigrama.  After spending the night in a brahmana's house, Ramacandra arrived the next morning at the Acarya's house and fell prostrate in front of him.  Shrinivasa, who had also been eager to meet Ramacandra, embraced him with great joy saying, "Birth after birth you are my dear friend.  In a similar way, in Vrndavana the Supreme Lord arranged that I meet Shri Narottama."  (BRK. 8.530-532,574)

 

          Shri Ramacandra happily began studying the Gosvamis books under the guidance of Shrinivasa, who was extremely pleased by Ramacandra's persistence and piety.  After some time, at an auspicious time, Shrinivasa Acarya initiated Ramacandra in Radha-Krishna mantra.

 

          After spending some time in Yajigrama, Ramacandra returned to his home.  Seeing that Ramacandra had accepted the Vaishnava religion, the Saktas became furious.  Oblivious to there complaints, Kaviraja continued to decorate his body with tilaka and chant the holy name of Shri Hari in front of everyone.  One When Shri Ramacandra was returning to his house after taking his bath, the Saktas confronted him and asked why he had rejected his grandfathers religion and accepted Vaisnavism.  Shri Ramacandra replied, "Siva and Brahma are "Gunatmaka Avatars" of Shri Krishna.  Shri Krishna is the root of all avatars, so by worshiping Lord Krishna, the purpose of worshiping all others is fully served.  Prahlad, Dhruva, Bibhisana and others were devotees of Shri Krishna, therefore Siva and Brahma were very pleased with them.  But Ravana, Kumbhakarna, Bana and others were worshipers of Lord Siva, yet they were against the supremacy of Shri Hari, thus Lord Siva Himself destroyed them.  It is written in the sastras that by virtue of worshiping Shri Vishnu, Brahma was able to create the world; and by virtue of keeping Ganges on His head, Siva was able to benefit the world--as the Ganges in the water which has washed the feet of Vishnu."  Hearing this the astonished Smarta panditas were unable to say anything further.

 

          Shri Ramacandra Kaviraja was extremely eager to visit Vrndavana and meet the Gosvamis there.  After receiving permission from Shri Raghunandana Thakura and other Vaishnavas, Shri Ramacandra started his journey to Vrndavana on an auspicious day.  Along the way he visited Gaya, Kasi, Prayaga and other holy places.  When he finally arrived in Mathura he went to Visram Ghat and took bath in the Yamuna, then visited the birth place of Shri Krishna--Adi Kesava.  At that time Shrinivasa Acarya was living in Vrndavana, thus when Ramacandra arrived there he first worshiped the feet of Shri Acarya and Shri Jiva Gosvami, and conveyed the news of the devotees in Bengal.  As desired by Shri Jiva Gosvami, he visited Shri Govinda, Shri Gopinatha, Shri Madanamohana and the samadhi of Shri Sanatana.  He also visited Shri Gopala Bhatta, Shri Lokanatha, Shri Bhugarbha and other Gosvamis.  Observing Ramacandra's excellent poetical talent, the devotees honored him with the title "Kaviraja."  (Bhaktiratnakara 9.214)

 

          After spending some time in Vrndavana, Ramacandra took permission from the Gosvamis and returned to Bengal.  He visited Shrikhanda, Yajigrama, Khardaha, Amvika-Kalna and finally arrived in Navadvipa Mayapura.  At that time the very old Isana Thakura was staying in the house of Jagannatha Misra in Mayapura.  Shri Ramacandra introduced himself and worshiped his lotus feet, Isana, in turn, kindly bestowed his mercy upon him.  Shri Ramacandra was extremely dear to both Shrinivasa Acarya and Shrila Narottama dasa Thakura.

 

          Once some Smarta brahmanas-followers of Sakti-came to Kheturi with the idea of defaming the Vaishnavas by defeating Shri Narottama Thakura.  Raja Narasimha and Shri Rupa-Narayana were amongst those panditas.  Upon hearing of their intentions, Shri Ramacandra and Shri Ganganarayana Cakravarti became determined to defeat those scholars.  They devised a unique scheme which easily defeated the so-called panditas.

 

          Shri Ramacandra Kaviraja purified many fallen conditioned souls.  He also took the leading role in the festival at Kheturi.  After being advised by Narottama and Shrinivasa, Ramacandra again went to Vrndavana.  However, during his absence from Vrndavana, the Gosvamis had all passed away. Thus Ramacandra was overwhelmed with grief.  After some time in Vrndavana he to passed away on the third day of the dark fortnight in the month of Pausa (Dec-Jan), while remembering the lotus feet of Shri Krishna and Shri Radhika.

 

          Shri Harirama Acarya was one of his disciples.  (Also see Bhaktamala 19.1)

 

125.    RAMACANDRA KAVIRAJA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Nityananda (CC. 1.11.51).  According to Bimanbihari Majumdar (CCU. P.679) the Gaudiya Math edition of CC. describes this Ramacandra as the son of Ciranjiva Sen, but this statement was rejected by Mrnalkanti Ghosh in his introduction to Gaurapadatarngini P. 104.

 

          Ramgopal dasa in his Sakha-varnan refers to one Ramacandra as a disciple of Raghunandana.

 

126.    RAMACANDRA KHAN:

 

          This Ramacandra Khan of Catrabhoga was born in 1480 A.D. in the family of Makaranda Ghosh (14th generation).  His original title was Ghosh, but Hussain Shah Vadshah gave him the titles of "Khan", "Roy", and "Mahasaya".  He lived at Bhadrakali village, north of Valigrama in the district of Howrah, and married the daughter of Purandara Khan Gopinatha Basu, the minister of Hussain Shah.  Ramacandra Khan was also one of the Vadshah's high ranking officials and was given an enormous amount of power.  For some time he was the Adhikari of Catrabhoga. After the death of Hussain Shah and after the defeat of the Mughal emperor Humaun at the hands of Sher Shah in 1540 A.D., Sher Shah became the emperor of Delhi.  Sher Shah divided Bengal into a number of Subas and appointed one Subahdar for each Suba.  At that time Ramacandra received a Suba which extended from Hijli Kanthi in Midnapore to the extreme southern part of Orissa.  Thus, for the benefit of his Suba, Ramacandra had to live at Jalesvara.  Around this time misfortune came to Ramacandra.  He was imprisoned for not giving the annual cess to the Vadshah.  With the little money that his relatives had they tried to free Ramacandra from prison, but Ramacandra, realizing that such a small amount of money would not release him, decided to use the money to help set the other Zamindars free.  This broad-minded attitude pleased the Nawab, who respectfully set Ramacandra free and gave him the title "Mahasaya".

 

          When Lord Chaitanya passed by Chatrabhog on His way to Puri after accepting sannyasa, Ramacandra had the good fortune of meeting the Lord (CBh. 3.2.82).  Chatrabhog is located under Mathurapur police station under 24 Parganas.  In 1509 A.D. the course of the Ganges flowed that way and hence the route to Puri by boat passed via Chatrabhog.

 

          This was also the period when a fight arose between the Subadar of Bengal and Prataparudra Maharaja over the land boundaries.  Madla Panji (the chronicle of the temple of Jagannatha Puri) records that in 1510 A.D. Ismail, the Commander of Hussain Shah's army, invaded Orissa.  Thus at the time when Lord Chaitanya was on His way to Puri, the road was quite dangerous.  Soldiers of the two Kings set up camps on their boundaries on the land between the river Bhagirathi and the river Subarnarekha (CBh. 3.2.97-99).

 

          When Ramacandra saw the Lord's ecstatic state of divine love, he was overwhelmed and stood humbly with folded hands. Lord Chaitanya then requested Ramacandra to assure that He reached Puri safely.  Ramacandra staked his own life to personally escort Lord Chaitanya to the boarder of Orissa.

          Every year in the month of Caitra a bathing festival called Nandasnana is celebrated at Chatrabhog.  Vaishnava historians argue that this festival celebrates the arrival of Lord Chaitanya at Chatrabhog.

 

127.    RAMACANDRA KHAN (BENAPOL):

 

          He was born in a Srotriya Radhiya brahmana family and his original name was Santidhara--Khan was his title.  He lived at Kagaja-Pukhuriya village near the Benapol station of the East Bengal Railway in the district of Jessore.  Ramacandra was a Zamindar and a childhood friend of Hussain Shah.  He tried to degrade Shrila Haridasa Thakura by sending a prostitute to him. Once Shri Nityananda Prabhu went to his house with the view of preaching Vaisnavism and sat on the pavilion of goddess Candi. However, Ramacandra did not meet or talk to the Lord and after His departure, he ordered his servants to clean the pavilion by removing the outer layer of clay and washing it with water and cow-dung, as he considered that the place had become contaminated by the touch of a Vaishnava (CC. 3.3.101-102). After this incident Ramacandra faced great misfortune.  When he failed to give cess to the King, the Ujir of the King attacked his house, looted his property, imprisoned him and even polluted the pavilion of Candi (CC. 3.156-160)

 

128.    RAMACANDRA PURI:

 

          In the eighth chapter of Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura's Amrta-pravaha-bhasya he describes the history of the Lord's dealings with Ramacandra Puri.  Although Ramacandra Puri was one of the disciples of Madhavendra Puri, he was influenced by dry Mayavadis, and therefore he criticized Madhavendra Puri. Therefore Madhavendra Puri accused him of being an offender and rejected him.  Because Ramacandra Puri had been rejected by his spiritual master, he became concerned only with finding faults in others and advising them according to dry Mayavada philosophy.  For this reason he was not very respectful to the Vaishnavas, and later he became so fallen that he began criticizing Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu for His eating.  Hearing his criticisms, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu reduced His eating, but after Ramacandra Puri left Jagannatha Puri, the Lord resumed His usual behavior.

 

          Because Ramacandra Puri was a disciple of Madhavendra Puri, both Paramananda Puri and Lord Chaitanya offered him respectful obeisances.  Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura comments that although Ramacandra Puri was naturally very envious and behaved against the principles of Vaisnavism, common people addressed him as Gosvami or Gosain because he was superficially in the renounced order and dressed like a sannyasi.  In the modern age the title "Gosvami" is used by a caste of grhasthas, but formerly it was not.  Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami, for example, were called Gosvami because they were in the renounced order.  Similarly, because Paramananda Puri was a sannyasi, he was called Puri Gosvami. By careful scrutiny, therefore, one will find that Gosvami is not the title for a certain caste, rather, it is the proper title for a person in the renounced order.

 

          Lord Chaitanya offered obeisances to Ramacandra Puri in consideration of his being a disciple of Madhavendra Puri, the spiritual master of Isvara Puri.  Ramacandra Puri could not understand that when his spiritual master, Madhavendra Puri, was chanting the holy name and crying, "O my Lord, I did not get shelter at Mathura." he was feeling transcendental separation.  This was not ordinary material lamentation. Ramacandra Puri was not spiritually advanced enough to understand the exalted feelings of Madhavendra Puri, although he thought himself very advanced.  Therefore when Ramacandra Puri advised Madhavendra Puri to remember Brahman, Madhavendra Puri understood that Ramacandra Puri was a great fool and thoroughly rebuked him.  On the contrary, Isvara Puri was always chanting the holy name and pastimes of Lord Krishna for Madhavendra Puri to hear.  In this way he helped Madhavendra Puri remember the Lord at the time of death.  Pleased with Isvara Puri, Madhavendra Puri embraced him and gave him the benediction that he would be a great devotee and lover of Krishna.  Thus Isvara Puri became like an ocean of ecstatic love for Krishna, whereas Ramacandra Puri became a dry speculator and a critic of everyone.

 

          The devotees considered Ramacandra Puri to be like a great burden on their heads.  Thus when he left Jagannatha Puri every was extremely happy, as if a great stone burden had suddenly fallen from their heads to the ground. (Vaishnava Vandana of Jiva Gosvami 125, of Devakinandana 45, of Vrndavanadasa 43)

 

129.    RAMACARANA:

 

          He was a disciple of Hemalata Thakurani, the daughter of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 2)

 

130.    RAMACARANA CAKRAVARTI:

 

          He was also known as Ramacarana and Ramadasa.  He was a disciple and a brother-in-law of Shrinivasa Acarya. Ramacarana's father was Gopala Cakravarti and his elder brother was Syamadasa.  He belonged to Shripata Faridpur in the district of Nadia (although some say that it was at Baigon village in Katoa).  (BRK. 10.141, 8.499, Karnananda 1)

 

131.    RAMADASA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Chaitanya.  (CC. 1.10.116, See "Abhirama Gosvami")

 

132.    RAMADASA:

 

          He was the second son of Sivananda Sen.  In his past incarnation he was Bicaksan Suka.  (GGD. 145)

 

133.    RAMADASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Bhugarbha Gosvami.  (Premavilasa 17)

 

134.    RAMADASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 1)

 

135.    RAMADASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya and the son of Ballabhi Kavipati.  He was a resident of Vanavisnupur.

 

136.    RAMADASA:

 

          He was Kurangaksi in Vraja lila.  (GGD. 197,207; CCU)

 

137.    RAMADASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  A resident of Janhagram, his wife was Draupadi and his son was Dinasyama dasa.

 

138.    RAMADASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.142)

 

139.    RAMADASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.159)

 

140.    RAMADASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala 14.160)

 

141.    RAMADASA (SRI RAMACANDRA):

 

          When Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was touring South India, He went to West Mathura (Madura) from Kamakosthi.  At that time, this brahmana devotee, Ramadasa, invited the Lord to his home. Though when the Lord came, Ramadasa was so absorbed in chanting the name of Rama that he totally forgot to cook for Mahaprabhu.  Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu finished His noon duties and upon finding that nothing had been cooked, inquired from the brahmana.  In an ecstatic mood Ramadasa replied, "My Prabhu is living in the forest, where will he get items for cooking?  If Laksmana brings fruits and vegetables collected from the forest, then Sita can cook something for Prabhu (CC. 2.9.183-196)."  Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was very happy to observe the ecstacy of the brahmana, but when Ramadasa regained his external senses, he was very ashamed that he had not cooked for the Lord.  He hastily prepared some food and fed the Lord, but he himself took nothing.  When Mahaprabhu told him to eat something, the brahmana replied, "There is no reason for me to maintain my life.  I shall give up my life by entering into fire.  Sita is Mahalaksmi and the mother of the universe, yet the demons touched her and I cannot bear to hear this."  Understanding the brahmana's sorrow Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu explained, "Do not think like this, you are supposed to be a learned man.  Don't you know that Sita is the eternal consort of the Supreme Lord Shri Ramacandra?  There is no power in this world which is able to touch her.  It was only the maya (false) feature of Sita which the demons touched."  Ramadasa was greatly relieved to hear this and at last took his meal.

 

 

142.    RAMADASA BABAJI (VARSANA):

 

          Before accepting sannyasa he was known as Shri Rames Candra Dey.  He was initiated in the family of Shrila Abhirama Gopala and performed his worship in sakhya rasa.  After coming to Vraja, he was attracted to raganuga bhajan by the mercy and association of Siddha Shri Jagannatha dasa babaji Maharaja. His fame quickly spread far and wide and many persons came to serve him.  Seeing that he was performing his bhajan out in the open, the Queen of Tadasa erected a kutir for him near Bhanu kunda where he came to live. Because large numbers of people visited him the local Pandas criticized him as one who had collected a great fortune.

 

          These disturbing factors hampered his bhajan and thus he left his hut and moved to a new one in Lotana kunja, built by Dr. Bipin Bihari dasa.  There he carried out his bhajan until his final days.  He was a genuine sadhaka and was a man of firm determination.  He regularly made vows which he wrote down in his diary and strictly adhered to them.  Once, the author of GVJ., Shri Haridasa Dasa, saw a chopper underneath his pillow.  When he asked about it, Shri Ramadasa babaji said that the day in which he deviated from the method of bhajan as shown by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, he would behead himself with that chopper.

 

143.    RAMADASA BABAJI (NAVADVIPA):

 

          Shri Durgacarana Gupta, son of Shri Ramakanai Gupta, lived in the village of Konarpur under the Palang police station in the district of Faridpur.  In his family big festivals were held regularly were such important days as Holi and Durga Puja were celebrated with great pomp and pleasure.  They also worshiped the Shri Ananta Deva Salagrama Sila daily. Durgacarana was an Excise Inspector in Faridpur and for this reason he maintained a rented house in Faridpur. 

 

          In 1896 A.D., on the twenty-second of Caitra (MarchA April), Shri Radhikacarana Gupta was born as the eight son of Durgacarana and his wife, Satyabhama devi.  His nurse and her daughter, Syama, were brought up in this family for many years and thus they were given the charge of taking care of Radhikacarana and his other brothers and sisters.  The children respected the nurse as their own mother and when she died they maintained the standard rituals for one full month and performed the Sraddha ceremony on a large scale.

 

          From his childhood Radhika was very fond of music. Whenever he heard music playing he rushed there and sitting on the lap of Syama, listened attentively.  This tendency did not change as he grew older.  After the initial stage of learning he was admitted into a Bengali school and every year he stood first in his class.  He was able to remember everything upon hearing it only once.  Whenever he came across and creatures who were suffering his heart was filled with immense pain. For this reason he had to go away whenever a goat or buffalo were offered before the goddess.  Once after this ritual had taken place, he happened to see the sacrificial area which was covered with blood.  Immediately he began weeping and fainted. After this incident the offerings before the goddess came to an end and from the year 1891 A.D. the worship of goddess Durga was abolished.

 

          When his third brother, Jatindra Mohan, along with his companions, established a group to sing devotional songs, he also joined in along with them.  Apart from this, he regularly attended any performance of music, dance or drama in the surrounding areas.  Once, in a severe storm in the month of Asadha, in 1889 A.D., his uncle was stranded under their demolished house.  Radhika displayed tremendous courage, pulling his uncle out to safety.

 

          At this time Jagadbandhu was staying in Faridpur.  When Jagadbandhu heard Radhikacarana sing, he was completely charmed and frantically tried to meet him (?)(Radhika met Jagadbandhu and surrendered to him)

 

          In the year 1891 A.D. in the month of Pausa, Radhikacarana passed the first division in Primary examinations.  As per the advice of his guardian, he was admitted into a Sanskrit Primary school near Loan office, where he was meant to study grammar.  But instead of going to school he participated in singing devotional songs with Prabhu Jagadbandhu and would return home in the afternoon.  From that time Ramadasa (Radhika) began meditating after taking his bath.  He would not take any food which was not first offered to the Supreme Lord.  In this way his devotional life increased.  At that time Jagadbandhu prabhu addressed Ramadasa as Sarika, and when in Vrndavana he called him Rama or Rami. This is due to the fact that Jagadbandhu never uttered the name Radhika.

 

          From that time Radhikacarana began assisting Prabhu Jagadbandhu in preaching the holy name.  In 1891 A.D. a grand festival of kirtana was held a Faridpur which was attended by the students, office workers, shopkeepers, etc.  At that time Radhika was Jagadbandhu's main assistant.  Though Radhika's family members did not like him to associate so much with Jagadbandhu, there was nothing they could do to stop him. Eventually the two of them went to Pabna to preach.

 

          In 1893 A.D. Radhikacarana and Jagadbandhu went to Navadvipa on the occasion of a Lunar eclipse.  At that time Navadvipa was overflowing with bliss due to the association of many great devotees such as:  Shri Bijoy Krishna Gosvami prabhu, Shri Premanadna Bharati, Shri Vrajavala, Shri Krishnananda Svami, Shri Harivolananda Svami and others.

 

          In 1894 A.D., after receiving a message from Jagadbandhu, Radhikacarana left his house and went to Vrndavana, where he lived near the old temple of Govinda Deva.  After a few days Shri Jagadbandhu arrived there and they both moved to the palace of the King of Chatrisgadh near Radhabagh.

 

          When Radhikacarana was staying in Cuttack, Shri Radharamana initiated him in the Gaura mantra and encouraged him to engage in nama-sankirtana.  After Shri Radharamana died in 1805 A.D., the responsibilities for the entire community fell upon Radhikacarana.  Nevertheless, he was able to preach the glories of the holy name in many places.  In 1807 A.D. he rescued the temple of Shri Haridasa Thakura in Shridham Puri from being auctioned, by subscribing Rs. 3,000 and then reinstated its normal functioning.  In Navadvipa in 1811 A.D. he established a nursing home and made arrangements for old people, orphans and distressed persons to be properly treated there.  From the year 1814 A.D. the arrival ceremony of Shri Mahaprabhu was held every year at Panihati.  In 1821 a rented house was fixed in Darmahata and independently some concrete arrangement was taken out for preaching the holy name in Calcutta.

 

          When Barahanagara Patabadi took the responsibilities of services in 1833 A.D., a library was established where rare collections of manuscripts, ancient pictures, sculptures and water from holy places were preserved. 

 

          Dependence on the Supreme Lord and His name was the fundamental principle behind Radhikacarana's preaching.  He was extremely humble and always ready to help any distressed person, to revive an old temple, or to reestablish the worship of an old Deity.  He was blessed by many great Vaishnavas, and many people were also blessed by his association.  He published the biography of Shri Radharamana in six volumes under the name Caritsudha.  He supervised many organizations to help mankind.

         

144.    RAMADASA BALAKA:

 

          He is mentioned in Vaishnava Vandana of Jiva Gosvami 252, and Devakinanadana 122.

 

145.    RAMADASA BIPRA:

 

          He was a brahmana devotee of Lord Rama.  During his pilgrimage to South India Lord Chaitanya met this devotee when He arrived at Madurai (CC. 2.1.109, 2.9.195).  Lord Chaitanya pacified this devotee by quoting a sloka from the Kurmapurana.

 

146.    RAMADASA BISVAS:

 

          He was a Kayastha by caste.  When Tapan Misra's son, Raghunatha Bhatta, and his attendant, were on the way to meet Lord Chaitanya, they met Ramadasa Bisvas along the way. Ramadasa was a devotee of Rama and a great scholar, who was deeply attracted to Vaisnavism.  After meeting Raghunatha Bhatta, Ramadasa began to serve him with devotion, which embarrassed Raghunatha.

          When they finally arrived at Nilacala, Raghunatha spoke to Lord Chaitanya about Ramadasa.  But the omniscient Lord did not shower His grace upon Ramadasa immediately as He knew that within his heart Ramadasa still possessed some vanity due to his learning.  Ramadasa then settled at Puri and taught the sons of Pattanayaka "Kavyaprakas."

 

147.    RAMADASA BRAHMANA:

 

          One day during His tour in South India, Lord Chaitanya went to have darsana of Shri Ranganath in Siddhavata.  There he met a brahmana who invited Him to his house.  The brahmana was a devotee of Shri Rama and continually chanted the name of Rama.  From his house, Lord Chaitanya went for darsana of Shri Skanda deva in Skanda ksetra and Shri Trivikrama deva, then again returned to the house of the brahmana in Siddha vata. This time he found that the brahmana was chanting the name of Krishna.  When Mahaprabhu asked the reason for this, the brahmana replied, "The holy name of Krishna has come to my lips after seeing you.  Now I know that you are Krishna Himself." Saying this he began to cry, holding the feet of the Lord, who showered His blessings upon him.  (CC. 2.9.18-19-36)

 

148.    RAMADASA DVIJA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shri Haridasa Thakura and lived at Phulia village.  (Premavilasa 24)

 

149.    RAMADASA GHOSAL:

 

          He belonged to the branch of Shri Narahari Sarkara Thakura of Shrikhanda.  Later he installed Deity-service at Ekabbarpur village.

 

150.    RAMADASA KAVIVALLABHA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Premavilasa 20)

 

151.    RAMADASA PATHAN:

 

          He was the servant of Pathan Bijali Khan.  Mahaprabhu converted him to Vaisnavism and gave him the name Ramadasa. (CC. 2.18.161-212)

 

152.    RAMADASA RAYA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shri Narottama Thakura. (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 12)

 

153.    RAMADASA THAKURA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 1)

 

 

154.    RAMAMDASA VATUA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shri Narottama Thakura. (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 20)

155.    RAMA DEVA DATTA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shri Narottama Thakura. (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 12)

 

156.    RAMA DEVI:

 

          She was the daughter of Nidhipati, the younger brother of Kamalakara Pipalai.  The authorities at Shripata Mahes declare that she was married to Yogesvara Pandita, a well-known Vaishnava from Khardaha.  Both she and her husband were devotees of Lord Gauranga.

 

157.    RAMA DEVI:

         

          She was the paternal grandmother of Rupa and Sanatana Gosvami and was the daughter of Yadujivan Tarkalankar. Yadujivan was the court-scholar of King Mahendrasingh of Burdwan.

 

158.    RAMAGOPAL DASA:

 

          Ramagopal Rayacaudhuri was a disciple of Ratikanta Thakura, a descendant of the family of Raghunandana of Shrikhanda.  In Saka 1595 (1673 A.D.) he completed a compilation of poems under the title of Rasakalpavalli which consists of twelve sections.

 

          While Lord Chaitanya was staying at Nilacala, two brothers named Cakrapani and Mahananda, residents of Shrikhanda, surrendered at the feet of the Lord introducing themselves as attendants of Raghunandana.  Lord Chaitanya gave them advice and sent them off to Narahari Sarkara.  Inspired by Narahari, these brothers installed service to the Deity of Vrndavanancandra.  Cakrapani Caudhuri's son was Nityananda. Nityananda had a son named Gangaram, and Gangaram's son was Syamaraya.  Syamaraya's elder son, Madan, wrote a translation in verse of Govinda-lilamrta, and his younger son, Ramagopal, compiled Rasakalpavalli.  Ramagopal also wrote the following two books:  Shri Narahari Sakhanirnaya, and Shri Raghunandanasakhanirnaya.  He was also renowned as a Vaishnava poet.  (See Gaurangamadhuri Vol. 2, P.261)

 

159.    RAMAHARIJI:

 

          He was a follower of Gopala Bhatta Gosvami, and was a contemporary of Rasajani Vaishnavadasa, the paternal grandson of Priyadasaji. the commentator  of Bhaktamala.  By the mercy of Rasajani, Ramahari was able to write eight books in Vrajbhasa in various rhythms: Budhivilas, Sathamsi, Bodhvaoni, Raspacosi, Laghunamavali, Laghusavdavali, Premapatri and Barahkhadikkan.

 

160.    RAMAHARI DASA BABA:

 

          He was born in 1847 A.D. in Shripata Santipura.  From his childhood he had a deep attachment for spiritual life and was always delighted to perform kirtana.  When this tendency continued to increase as he grew older, his parents became worried and immediately arranged for his marriage.  Still he remained engrossed in chanting the holy name.  To escape from worldly troubles, he left home and went to Navadvipa, hoping to attain the mercy of the Vaishnavas.  There he met Siddha Jagannatha at Bhajan kutir and submitted himself at his lotus feet.  Seeing his eagerness, Shri Jagannatha dasa babaji arranged for him to take initiation from Shri Radhikavilasa Thakura of Shrikhanda, who was living at Bhajan kutir at that time.  Then he himself gave him Vekasraya and named him Ramahari dasa.  Since his ancestral home was nearby and his relatives were giving him trouble, Ramahari went to Vrndavana and began practicing bhajan.  He spent twelve years at Kosi ghat, Radhakunda, then moved to the Thoura of Kesi Ghat--Lala babu's kunja at Vansivata.

 

          He had equal love and affection for all.  He was specifically fond of doing Shri Chaitanya mangala kirtana, and ordered his disciples to read Shri Locana dasa's Dhamali daily. As he was a scion of Narahari, he had a natural attraction for Narahari, but he was so fond of Gauranga nama too that anybody saying Gaura nama was embraced by him warmly.  His favorite persons were the disciples of Siddha Jagannatha dasa baba.  He and Shri Ramadasa babaji regularly performed kirtana together. Anyone who came to see him from Navadvipa was immediately welcomed by him with a garland and sandalwood paste.  After taking that person upon his lap, Ramahari dasa baba first asked philosophical questions regarding Shri Gauranga in Navadvipa.  When he failed to get a satisfactory answer he advised the newcomer to return to Navadvipa without delay to have a darsana of Shri Nitai-Gaura and Sitanatha and to cultivate the association of the Gaura devotees.

 

          While Rajarsi Bahadura was living in Shri Kunda, he too stayed at Lala Babu's kutir.  One day, after taking the prasada of Shri Radhavinode, he became overwhelmed with ecstacy and began dancing saying, "Gaura, Gaura".  Gradually the aged Shri Mathuradasa babaji, Shri Bijoy Krishna Gosvamipada's disciple--Shri Vrajavala Mahasaya, Shri Giridhari dasa babaji, Shri Madhava dasa babaji and many others came to join in the kirtana, dancing ecstatically.

 

          In 1807 A.D. on the fourth day of the bright fortnight in the month of Bhadra (Aug-Sept) at noon. he said to his disciples, "Shri Gauranga and His associates are performing kirtana and are dancing in ecstasy in the courtyard of Shrivasa.  I have to go there immediately.  Please give me a bath and decorate me with tilak."  When the disciples carried out his order, he sat with his eyes closed in meditation and departed from this mortal world.

 

161.    RAMAHARI DASA SARKARA:

 

          He was a Kayastha by caste and a resident of Denud village.  At this time Lord Chaitanya was staying at Nilacala, and Lord Nityananda, accompanied by his devotees, proceeded to Nilacala to meet the Lord.  One afternoon in the course of their journey they took shelter in a mango grove near a pond in Denud village.  Vrndavana dasa Thakura also belonged to this group of pilgrims.

 

          After lunch Lord Nityananda asked Vrndavana dasa if he had some mouth freshener.  Vrndavana dasa produced a myrobalam (a dry fruit) which he had saved from the day before.  Lord Nityananda severely reprimanded Vrndavana dasa for committing the offence of storing food.  The Lord then sowed the fruit in the earth and told Vrndavana dasa, "You stay here until your mind has become cleansed. In this place you shall attain fulfillment of your cherished goal."

 

          Early the next morning Nityananda continued His journey, leaving behind Vrndavana dasa, who rolled on the ground wailing.  This drew the attention of Ramahari who took Vrndavana dasa to his house and attended his needs. Eventually he accepted initiation from him.  It was there at Denud that Vrndavana dasa composed the world-liberating Chaitanya Bhagavata.  Vrndavana dasa installed Deities of Gaura Nitai and set up his Shripata there.  The family descendants of Ramahari continue to serve there.  As instructed by Ramahari, his body was buried at the place where the bathing water of Gaura Nitai was drained.

 

162.    RAMAI:

 

          He was an attendant of Lord Chaitanya.  CC. 1.10.143-144 states that Ramai and Nandai, the twentieth and twenty-first amongst the devotees in Jagannatha Puri, always assisted Govinda in rendering service to the Lord day and night. Everyday Ramai filled twenty-two big water pots.  He was Payoda in his past incarnation (GGD. 139).  In Krishnadasa Kaviraja's Shri Chaitanyaganoddesadipika (ms. preserved in Orissa State Museum Catalogue no. L 470 {B}) Ramai's name is mentioned along with other followers like Singha Bhatta, Kamal Bhatta, Nandai.

 

163.    RAMAI:        

 

          He was the younger brother of Shrivasa Pandita (CC. 1.10.8-11).  In his past incarnation he was Parvat Muni, a favorite friend of Narada Muni (GGD. 90).

 

          Ramai (alias Shri Rama Pandita) accompanied Lord Gauranga while singing kirtana (CBh. 2.18.11-53).  When Lord Chaitanya revealed Himself to the devotees, Ramai was sent to carry the message to Advaita Acarya in Santipura (CBh. 2.6.9-71).  He participated in a drama, along with Shrivasa, in the house of Candrasekhar (CBh. 2.18.52).

 

164.    RAMAJAYA CAKRAVARTI:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura.  (Premavilasa 19)

 

165.    RAMAJAYA MAITRA:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura.  (Premavilasa 20)

 

166.    RAMAKANTA:

 

          He was a Vaishnava poet, his biography is not available. See pada no. 1572 of Padakalpataru.

 

167.    RAMAKANTA:

 

          He was the brother of Rudra Pandita of Shripata Balabhapur.  He was the nephew (sister's son) of Kasisvara Pandita of Shripata Catra.  (See "Kasinatha Pandita" and "Kasisvara Pandita")

 

168.    RAMAKANTA DATTA:

 

          He was the elder brother and a disciple of Narottama Thakura.  (Premavilasa 20)

 

169.    RAMAKRSNA:

 

          He was the second son of Viracandra prabhu.  (Premavilasa 24)

         

170.    RAMAKRSNA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 7.13)

 

171.    RAMAKRSNA:

 

          He wrote a commentary on Shrimad Bhagavatam titled Bhagavatakaumudi.  In Saka 1743 (1821 A.D.) he completed a commentary on Rasapancadhyayi.

 

172.    RAMAKRSNA ACARYA:

 

          A brahmana by caste, he was a disciple of Narottama Thakura.  His Shripata was located at Goyas village at the confluence of the rivers Ganges and Padma.  Ramakrishna inspired Ganganarayana Cakravarti to seek refuge at the feet of Narottama.  He was also a friend of Harirama, another disciple of Narottama's.

 

          Visvanatha Cakravarti, the famous commentator of Bhagavata, was a student (siksa-sisya) of Krishnacarana, the son of this Ramakrishna.  Family descendants of Ramakrishna settled at Saidapur in Mursidabad and the King of Manipur is their disciple.  (Premavilasa 20, BRK. 15.121-122)

 

          Ramakrishna's father was Sivaji, his brother was Harirama, and his two sons were Radhakrishna and Krishnacarana.  His wife was named Kanakalatika Devi.  Ramakrishna's elder son, Radhakrishna, died prematurely.  The younger son, Krishnacarana, was adopted as a son by Harirama Acarya. 

 

          Ramakrishna's father was a staunch Sakta.  Every year he sacrificed a large number of animals on the occasion of Durga puja.  On one occasion both Harirama and Ramakrishna went to buy animals for the sacrifice.  By a strange co-incidence Narottama Thakura spotted them and told Ramacandra Kaviraja that these two were eligible for worshiping Krishna.  Harirama and Ramakrishna were moved to meet and listen to Narottama, who explained to them what a great offence was committed by sacrificing animals.  Thereafter they took spiritual initiation.  (Narottamavilasa 10)

 

173.    RAMAKRSNA CATTARAJ:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  His son, Gopijanavallabha, was married to Hemalata Devi, the daughter of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 1)

 

174.    RAMAKRSNA DASA:

 

          According to the book Pataparyatana, Ramakrishna was a disciple of Abhirama Gosvami.  He served the Deity named Shri Shri Syamasarvesvara at Bajitpur located near Jangipur in Mursidabad. Earlier Lord Nityananda, Virabhadra Gosvami and their followers used to dress themselves with peacock feathers.  Later, Gopijanavallabha, Ramakrishna, Ramacandra, etc. forbade their disciples to dress like that.  However, Ramakrishna Cudadhari did not obey this command.  Thus he came to be called Cudadhari and became an outcast from the Vaishnava community.

 

          The Gurupranali of Ramakrishna is as follows"  Jahnava Mata--Virabhadra Gosvami--Ramakrishna Cudadhari--Madhava dasa Cudadhari--Krishnadasa Cudadhari--Balakananda Cudadhari-A Ramajivan Cudadhari--Krishnataran Cudadhari--Navinkrishna dasa Cudadhari--Tinkadi Sarma Cudadhari.

 

175.    RAMAKRSNA DASA BABAJI MAHARAJA:

 

          He was born in a brahmana family of Gauda in Samvat 1914 at Bhuratipa Pancagali in Jaipur.  His past family name was Rampratap Misra (Panda).  Rampratap lost his father in Samvat 1922.  His father was a Ramanandi Vaishnava and his mother hailed from a family initiated into the Vallabhacarya line. His grandfather belonged to the Ramanuja sect of Vaishnavas. The members of the family were teachers by profession and were patronized by the King of Jaipur.

 

          As a child of only five or six years Rampratap displayed a fascination for devotion.  When he was seven or eight years old he went to fetch water daily from a distant spring at Madhavpur for offering worship to Lord Krishna.

 

          One day while on his way to the spring, he spotted a tiger eating human flesh.  Strangely, he felt no fear and continued on to Madhavpur with the conviction that since the animal had some food then it had no reason to harm him.

 

          At the age of nine Rampratap completed his study of Sanskrit grammar at Panini.  It is said that at this time Rampratap came in contact with Nrsimhananda Bhatta at Jaipur, a brahmana from Karnataka who later became a disciple of Siddha Nityananda dasa Baba.  Nrsimhadasa was an erudite scholar of the six branches of Indian philosophy and an accomplished musician.  He became deeply absorbed upon seeing a performance on the Gita-govinda and Krishnakarnamrta.

 

          After coming in contact with Nrsimha, Rampratap was so overwhelmed by his qualities that he began to wonder how magnanimous Nrsimha's guru must be.  Rampratap held all Vaishnava saints in great reverence.  At a later date he went to Vrndavana and took shelter at the feet of Nrsimha.  At that time he also came in contact with Radhacarana Gosvami Kakaji of Govinda Temple and started learning Bengali from Professor Kanticandra Sen.  At the age of ten years Rampratap acquired command of the Urdu language.  At the age of eleven he underwent the sacred thread ceremony.  The priest who initiated him into Savitri mantra instructed Rampratap to repeat the mantra.

 

          Thereafter Rampratap received a divine command from Savitri and attempted to run away to Vrndavana on three occasions, but each time he was caught and held by his mother and the royal government.  Shortly afterwards, while Rampratap was studying the Vedas at the age of thirteen, he finally reached Vrndavana.  There he stayed with the Gosvamis of Govindaji Temple and studied Nyaya under Sudarsan Sastri of Rangaji temple, six sandarbha under Nilamani Gosvami, Shrimad Bhagavatam under Nrsimha dasa, and Haribhaktivilasa under Gopilal Gosvami.

 

          At the age of twenty Rampratap completed his studies. Meanwhile, at the command of his mother, he visited his birth place a few times but inevitably ended up in Vrndavana again. After qualifying in his studies, Rampratap took spiritual initiation and Vesa from Nityananda dasa Babaji.  After receiving intensive instructions on bhajan Rampratap memorized the entire Govindalilamrta.    

 

          Having acquiring a sound command of smarana-manana (contemplation) Rampratap was directed by Siddha Baba to approach Krishnadasa Babaji for further instructions. Afterwards, Nityananda Baba, instructed Rampratap to go to Varsana to practice bhajan.  At Varsana he heard kirtana performed by Gauracarana dasa Babaji and began taking music lessons from him.  During that time he neglected his bhajan and spent most of his time learning music.  Eventually Siddha Baba called Rampratap back to Vrndavana and advised him to devote more time to the practice of bhajan.

 

          Rampratap never spoke with his guru directly, but carried on conversations through his elder God-brother, Siromani.  As directed by Siddha Baba, Rampratap went to Varsana but, finding it difficult to concentrate his mind, he repeated the eighteen-lettered Gopala mantra for seventeen days and was finally blessed with the vision of Lord Krishna with Radha beneath a Kadamba tree at Uddhava guarry.  When he was asked to seek a boon, Rampratap said, "I do not know what I want; I pray for the grace of Yugalakisora."  He was commanded to practice bhajan in the cave of Raghava.  Rampratap immediately went to the cave, which was infested with wild animals, and for six years practiced intense bhajan without paying any attention to his physical needs. 

 

          Rampratap's mother came to Vrndavana in search of her son.  After finding out where her son was from some Vaishnava's, she waited at the door of Raghava's cave for three days.  Rampratap used to come out of the cave once in two or three days.  One day he came out dressed in tattered clothes and carrying a vessel which was full of holes.  He walked straight past his mother, who was standing at the entrance of the cave.  His mother followed behind him calling out to him but he did not respond, thus she left for Jaipur in tears.

 

          However, soon after his mother left, Rampratap's flow of bhajan was interrupted.  Thus be began to think that perhaps he had unknowingly committed some offense. Some local Vaishnavas informed him that his mother had come in search of him but finding no response from him, she left in great disappointment.  Fearing that displeasing his mother would seriously hamper his bhajan, Rampratap wrote to his mother and brought her to Vrndavana.  There he arranged for her to stay at Puchari and served her with devotion.  Soon he was torn between devotion to his mother and devotion to bhajan.

         

          Around that time one Oriya brahmana boy named Krishnachaitanya dasa came from Orissa and took shelter of Pandita Babaji.  The boy was given spiritual initiation and bheka by Prabhu dasaji, as well as training in bhajan. Rampratap engaged this boy in serving his mother.  Within three years, Krishnachaitanya attained bhava siddhi by practicing bhajan.  Madhava dasa of Puchari was a disciple of Krishnachaitanya.  After seven/eight years passed, Rampratap's mother passed away, thus he was able to devote himself entirely to bhajan.

 

          Some years later a strong controversy arose within the Gaudiya Vaishnava Sampradaya involving the mantra of Gauranga. Defenders of this mantra were Kakaguru Gutikavala Krishnadasa Baba, and Gopilal Gosvami-the sevait of the Deity Radharamana. The opponents were Jethaguru Siddha Balarama dasa Babaji, Vidyaguru Nilamani Gosvami--the Nyaya scholar, Jagadananda dasa--the Mahanta of Radhakunda.  Since Rampratap had gurus on both sides, he faced a great dilemma.  He left his cave and went to Varsana to live in Mayurkuti.  He spent eight years living quietly there in association with the Radhavallabha devotee Priyadasaji and Svamicarana Baba.

 

          As soon as the controversy ended, Rampratap came back to Raghava's cave and practiced bhajan with deep concentration for ten years.  At this time three strange incidents occurred:

 

1.       One night Rampratap went inside his cave carrying a coal fire and closed the door, not knowing that the poisonous gas emanating from a coal fire could take one's life.  He lost consciousness due to the gas, but someone (God?) invisibly took Rampratap out and placed him on the bank of the Govardhana.  Early in the morning Rampratap woke up and found that he had been shifted from the cave.  For two days he lay there immovable.

 

2.       Once, on the occasion of a festival in the temple of Gangaji at Puchari some pua (sweets?) were distributed. Two bhangi-caste thieves who were anxious to get some pua but were unable to enter the temple, thought that perhaps Pandita Baba Rampratap would have some of the pua.  They went to his cave door and asked him to give them some pua.  When they were told that no pua was available there, one of the thieves hit Rampratap on the forehead with a stick, making him bleed.  The other thief went inside the cave, but when he found nothing there he felt extremely repentant and collected some stray pieces of cloth to bandage Rampratap's wound.

 

3.       One morning a venomous snake coiled around the throat and chest of Rampratap, after sometime the snake uncoiled itself and slithered away.  That night Rampratap heard a voice which said, "You must leave this cave and go elsewhere."  He then moved to Syamakuti at Kusum-Sarovara

 

          During Rampratap's stay in the cave, Balwant Rao, the elder bother of Madhava Rao, the King of Gwalior, once came and expressed his loyalty to him.  It was arranged that Balwant would take spiritual initiation from Krishnachaitanya dasa.  But when Krishnachaitanya suddenly died, Balwant was initiated by Kesavdeva of Gopinathabag.  During Rampratap's stay at Syamakuti this Balwant secretly brought jewelry worth six lakh of rupees from his mother's treasure with the aim of donating the sum to the Vaishnavas.  He told Rampratap, "The King will confiscate the money if he finds me spending it openly."  Rampratap refused to accept the wealth and after severely chastising him, told him to contact Haricarana dasaji, the mantra-sisya of Gaura Siromani.  Gaura Siromani made all arrangements to utilize Balwant's money for constructing a temple, maintenance of the Deity service and financial assistance to renounced Vaishnavas.  One lakh out of the total amount lies in the government treasury accruing a monthly income of six hundred rupees, which is awarded to Vaishnavas belonging to the four sampradayas for their maintenance.

          During Rampratap's stay at Syamakuti, Gauranga dasa and Priyasaran dasa practiced bhajan under his guidance.  From time to time King Banamali Raya Bahadur and King Manindra Candra Nandi came to meet Rampratap.  Krpasindhu dasa also came and surrendered at the feet of Rampratap.

 

          In 1918 A.D. Rampratap fell seriously ill with influenza. Kamini Kumar Ghosh and Dinescaran dasa came from Vrndavana and shifted Rampratap to the garden of Madanamohana.  At that time floods and a severe epidemic of plague raged at Govardhana, thus Rampratap stayed in Vrndavana for two years and listened to Harikatha from Purusottama Bhatta of Mathura.  For the next three years Rampratap stayed at places like Keari vana, Dharamsala in Delhi and the garden of Madanamohana.  At this time Ramapratap instructed Gauranga dasa in Vaishnava sastras and also taught Krpasindhu about bhajan and vairagya.

 

          Three years later, during Rampratap's stay at Barahaghat Barduari, one dacoit arrived there introducing himself as the Prince of Nepal.  Rampratap arranged for this dacoit to take spiritual initiation from Radhacarana Gosvami and taught him bhajan for two months.  The dacoit, however, finding his desires unfulfilled fled after cheating some persons.

 

          During the flood in Vrndavana, Rampratap took shelter in Dharamsala at Mirjapur and after six months fell seriously ill with malaria and was almost at the point of death. Krpasindhu, who was in great distress, received a divine command from Lord Chaitanya in a dream and thus in Oct-Nov of 1332 (1925 A.D.) he brought Rampratap to the garden of Dauji, were he recovered.  He and Krpasindhu then concentrated on bhajan together.  After some time Krpasindhu became inattentive to Rampratap's care which caused him to become critically ill again.  Once more, Lord Chaitanya appeared in a dream and severely chastised Krpasindhu for neglecting Rampratap.  Krpasindhu then became attentive to Rampratap's needs.  At that time Rampratap was practically completely withdrawn from the external world, devoting himself entirely to bhajan.  One day he blessed Bindobihari Vedantaratna Gosvami, a descendant of Bhugarbha Gosvami's family, by giving him vesasraya.

 

          Rampratap was deeply admired by his disciples as throughout his life he was the highest ideal of Istanistha, Vairagyanistha, nistha in Akincana-Bhakti, nistha in guru, Vratanistha and Sampradayanistha.  As a result of his bhajan, he was revered as guru by all Gosvamis, Vrajvasis and Virakta Vaishnavas.  He possessed such supernatural power that even the members of the other Vaishnava Sampradayas namely, Shri, Nimbarka, Madhva, Radhavallabhi, Tattivali and Vallabhakuli, all adored him as a foremost leader of their sampradaya and a dedicated devotee.  Some found that the answers to their questions were understood simply by sitting before him.  Shri Sudarsana Acarya-from the Ramanuja Sampradaya and an erudite scholar of the six branches of theology, said:  "Whenever I found it difficult to solve some particular philosophical problem, I would sit before Pandita Baba (Rampratap) and the answers would come to me.  Prabhupada Pranagopala Gosvami also had the same experience in the association of Rampratap.  Many believe that this supernatural power which Pandita Baba possessed was the grace of Nityananda dasa Babaji.

 

          Rampratap died in Samvat 1997.

 

176.    RAMANA DASA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Karnananda 1)

 

177.    RAMANANDA:

 

          Jayananda mentions his name in his CM. P. 73, as the maternal uncle of Gadadhara Pandita.

 

178.    RAMANANDA BASU:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Chaitanya.  In his past incarnation he was Kalakanthi of Vraja (GGD. 173).  He was a resident of Kulina-grama and a Vaishnava poet (CC. 1.10.80,82,86, 2.15.98,106, 2.16.72-74, 1.11.48).  He has been referred to in the following works:  Murari Gupta's Krsnchaitanyacaritam 4.17.13, Kavi Karnapura's Chaitanya Candrodaya-natakam 9.2, Vaishnava Vandana of Jiva Gosvami 239, Devakinandana 115 and Vrndavanadasa 108.

 

179.    RAMANANDA BASU:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Nityananda.  (CC. 1.11.48)

 

180.    RAMANANDA DASA BABAJI:

 

          He was born in Shrihatta and was a vairagi from the time of his youth.  After traveling to the four dhama's by foot, he finally reached Vrndavana.  There he came in contact with Vamakaupina, a sub-sect of Shrila Narottama Thakura's branch. Thereafter he began wearing his kaupina with the knot tied on the right side, rather than the left-as done previously.  With the help of Rajarsi Bahadura, he went to Shri Syamakunda, but later returned to Vinode bagh in Vrndavana and lived with Rajarsi Bahadura.  His heart was full of love and he was completely free from jealousy and dishonesty.  He was extremely fond of kirtana.  After the death of Shri Rajarsi Bahadura and his wife, Ramananda dasa took charge of Shri Shri Vinode's service.

 

          Once, during the month of Bhadra (Aug-Sept) he was feeling ill and thus sent a message to Shri Madhava dasa and Shri Kamini Kumar Ghosh to inform them.  Upon receiving the message they immediately went to Vinode bagh.  On that day, as usual, Shri Ramananda dasa listened to Bhagavata and kirtana by Shri Ramdasa babaji and at night bade farewell to the singers giving them money and food.  Afterwards, Shri Madhava dasa, Shri Kamini Kumar and Shri Bipin Bihari started kirtana.  At midA night Ramananda dasa asked their permission to retire to his room as he was feeling cold.  He then smiled at Kamini babu and entered his room.  At 2:00 A.M., they went into his room to check on him and found that Shri Ramananda dasa babaji had departed from this world.

 

181.    RAMANANDA MANGARAJA:

 

          He was a devotee of Lord Gauranga.  (Namamrtasamudra 168)

 

182.    RAMANANDA MISRA:

 

          He was the younger brother of Jayananda, the author of Chaitanyamangala.  (See "Jayananda dasa")

 

183.    RAMANANDA RAYA:

 

          Five hundred years ago in the district of Puri, in the village of Bentapur adjacent to Brahmagiri Alalnath, there lived a great devotee named Bhavananda Raya.  Bhavananda had five sons, the eldest of which was Ramananda.  Descendants of this family-line are known as Choudhury Pattanayaka.  It is said that Lord Chaitanya visited the birth-place of Ramananda in Alalnath every year.

 

          Ramananda was the Governor of East and West Godavari and a minister of King Prataparudra.  A great statesman of that period, Ramananda was also a poet and a scholar.  When Bhavananda met Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the Lord embraced him and said, "Formerly you appeared as Pandu, and your five sons appeared as the five Pandavas."  The five sons of Bhavananda Raya were Ramananda Raya, Pattanayaka Gopinatha, Kalanidhi, Sudhanidhi and Nayaka Vaninatha.

 

          The Gauraganoddesadipika (120-124) states that Ramananda Raya was Arjuna in his past incarnation.  He is also considered to have been an incarnation of the gopi Lalita, although in the opinion of others he was an incarnation of Visakha devi.  He was a most confidential devotee of Lord Chaitanya.  Lord Chaitanya said, "Although I am a sannyasi, My mind is sometimes perturbed when I see a woman.  But Ramananda Raya is greater than Me, for he is always undisturbed, even when he touches a woman."  Only Ramananda Raya was able to act in this way, no one should imitate him.  Unfortunately there are rascals who imitate the activities of Ramananda Raya.

 

          In Lord Chaitanya's final pastimes, both Ramananda Raya and Svarupa Damodara were always engaged in reciting suitable verses from Shrimad Bhagavatam to pacify the Lord in His ecstatic feelings of separation from Krishna.  When Lord Chaitanya was about to leave for South India, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya advised him to meet Ramananda Raya for he declared that there was no devotee as advanced in understanding the conjugal love of Krishna and the gopis.

 

          While touring South India Lord Chaitanya met Ramananda on the bank of the Godavari.  There they had a long discourse in which the Lord took the role of a student and Ramananda Raya instructed the Lord.  Lord Chaitanya concluded these discourses by saying, "My dear Ramananda Raya, both you and I are madmen, and therefore we met intimately, on an equal level."

 

          Lord Chaitanya advised Ramananda Raya to resign from his government post and come back to Jagannatha Puri to live with Him.  It was Ramananda Raya who tactfully arranged a meeting between Lord Chaitanya and King Prataparudra of Orissa. Ramananda Raya was present when the Lord performed waterA sports after the Ratha-yatra festival.

 

          Lord Chaitanya considered Ramananda Raya and Sanatana Gosvami to be equal in their renunciation, for although Ramananda Raya was a grhasta engaged in government service and Sanatana Gosvami was in the renounced order of complete detachment from material activities, they were both servants of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and kept Krishna in the center of all their activities.  Ramananda Raya was one of the three and a half personalities with whom Lord Chaitanya discussed most confidential topics of Krishna consciousness. Lord Chaitanya advised Pradyumna Misra to learn the science of Krishna from Ramananda Raya.  As Subala always assisted Krishna in His dealing with Radharani in Krishna-lila, so Ramananda Raya assisted Lord Chaitanya in His feelings of separation from Krishna.  Ramananda Raya was the author of Jagannatha-vallabhaA nataka.

 

          In Iswar dasa's Chaitanya Bhagavata (ed. A.B. Mohanty, Utkal University) a comprehensive description is given of Lord Chaitanya's relationship with Ramananda Raya  After hearing Ramananda Raya speak about the essence of premabhakti, Lord Chaitanya, with tears in His eyes and overwhelmed with emotion, warmly embraced Ramananda. 

 

          In the Gurbhaktigita of Acyutananda dasa (Utkal University Vol. 3, Chapter XLIX P. 176) the author describes Ramananda as Visakha, which is supported by Svarupavarnana (ms. of Rupa Gosvami preserved in Utkal University Library, Catalogue no. O.L. 382) and Chaitanyaganoddesa (ms. of Sadasiva Kaviraja, preserved in Orissa State Museum).

 

          Lord Chaitanya's discourses with Raya Ramananda are fully described in CC.  First of all, Shrila Ramananda Raya enunciated the system of the varnasrama institution.  He recited various verses about karmarpana, stating that everything should be dedicated to the Lord.  He then spoke of detached action, knowledge mixed with devotional service, and finally the spontaneous loving service of the Lord.  After hearing Shrila Ramananda Raya recite some verses, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu accepted the principle of pure devotional service devoid of all the kinds of speculation.   After this, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu asked Ramananda Raya to explain the higher platform of devotional service.  Then Shrila Ramananda Raya explained unalloyed devotional service, love of Godhead, serving the Lord with pure servitude as well as in fraternity and parental love.  Finally he spoke of serving the Lord in conjugal love.  He then spoke of how conjugal love can be developed in various ways.  This conjugal love attains its highest perfection in Shrimati Radharani's love for Krishna.  He next described the position of Shrimati Radharani and the transcendental mellows of love of God.  Shrila Ramananda Raya then recited one verse of his own concerning the platform of ecstatic vision, technically called prem-vilasa-vivarta. Shrila Ramananda Raya also explained that all stages of conjugal love can be attained through the mercy of the residents of Vrndavana, especially by the mercy of the gopis. All these subject matters were thus vividly described.  (BMO. P. 91-92)

 

          The meeting of Lord Chaitanya and Shri Ramananda Raya is further described in GPC.  After bathing in the River Godavari, the Lord walked a little distance from the bathing place and engaged in chanting the holy name of Krishna.  At that time, accompanied by the sounds of music, Ramananda Raya came there mounted on a palanquin to take his bath.  Many brahmanas, following the Vedic principles, accompanied Ramananda Raya.  According to the Vedic rituals, Ramananda Raya took his bath and offered oblations to his forefathers.

 

          Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu could understand that the person who had come to bathe in the river was Ramananda Raya.  The Lord wanted so much to meet him that His mind immediately began running after him. Although the Lord was running after him mentally, He patiently remained sitting.  Ramananda Raya, seeing the wonderful sannyasi, then came to see Him.  Shrila Ramananda Raya then saw Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu as brilliant as a hundred suns.  The Lord was covered by a saffron garment. He was large in body and very strongly built, and His eyes were like lotus petals.  When Ramananda Raya saw the wonderful sannyasi, he was struck with wonder.  He went to Him and immediately offered his respectful obeisances, falling down like a rod.  The Lord stood up and asked Ramananda Raya to arise and chant the holy name of Krishna.  Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu then inquired whether he was Ramananda Raya, and he replied, "Yes I am Your very low servant, and I belong to the sudra community."  The Lord then embraced him very firmly. Indeed, both the master and the servant almost lost consciousness due to ecstatic love.

 

          After composing themselves, they sat down and Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said, "Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya has spoken of your good qualities, and he has made a great endeavor to convince Me to meet you.  Indeed I have come here just to meet you. It is very good that even without making an effort I have gotten your interview here."  Ramananda Raya replied, "Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya thinks of me as his servant.  Even in my absence he is very careful to do me good.  By his mercy I have received Your interview here.  Consequently I consider that today I have become a successful human being.  I can see that You have bestowed special mercy upon Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya.  Therefore You have touched me, although I am untouchable.  This is due only to his love for You.  You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Narayana Himself, and I am only a government servant interested in materialistic activities.  Indeed, I am the lowest amongst men of the fourth caste.  You do not fear the Vedic injunctions stating that You should not associate with a sudra.  You were not contemptuous of my touch, although in the Vedas You are forbidden to associate with sudras.  At this time a brahmana Vaishnava came and invited the Lord for lunch, and after arranging to meet Ramananda Raya again later the Lord departed.

 

          After finishing His evening bath, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu sat down and waited for Ramananda Raya to come.  Then Ramananda Raya, accompanied by one servant, came to meet Him. He offered his respectful obeisances, and the Lord embraced him.  Then they both began to discuss Krishna in a secluded place for the entire night.

 

          Again the next evening Shri Ramananda Raya visited Mahaprabhu and paid obeisances.  Mahaprabhu fondly embraced him and began questioning him as follows"

 

Q:      What is the best education among all kinds of learning?

A:       Devotion for Krishna is by far the best learning.

Q:      What is the achievement of a living being?

A:       The best glory is to take the post of servant of Shri Radha and Krishna.

Q:      What is the best religion for a living being?

A:       Love for Shri Radha-Govinda is the best religion.

Q:      Which creature suffers the most?

A:       A devotee who is suffering due to separation from the Lord.

Q:      Who is the most liberated person?

A:       One who loves Krishna is the most renounced person.

Q:      Which is the best song?

A:       Songs about the pastimes of Radha and Krishna

Q:      What is the greatest well-being for a living entity?

A:       The association of Krishna's devotees.

Q:      What is the only thing to remember?

A:       Krishna's name, beauty and qualities        

Q:      What is the only object of meditation?

A:       The lotus feet of Radha Govinda

Q:      Which is the best place for a living entity to reside?

A:       The place where Krishna's pastimes are performed.

Q:      What is the best thing to hear?

A:       The loving pastimes of Radha-Govinda

Q:      What is the only subject matter for a living entity to sing?

A:       The name of Radha Govinda

Q:      What is the fate of a person who has worldly desires and of a man who desires liberation?

A:       Animate body, and celestial body

Q:      What are the characteristics of a devotee and of a knowledgeable person?

A:       A so-called intelligent person, who is like a crow, eats the fruits of wisdom from the bitter Nim tree, whereas the devotee is a cuckoo who drinks the nectar of love.

 

          Gradually Ramananda Raya could understand the position of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and when the Lord exhibited His real form, Ramananda Raya fell unconscious.  The Lord then requested Ramananda Raya, "Now there is no confidential activity unknown to you.  Keep all these talks a secret. Please do not expose them anywhere and everywhere.  Since My activities appear to be like those of a madman, people may take them lightly and laugh.  Indeed, I am a madman, and you are also a madman.  Therefore both of us are on the same platform.

 

          The next day, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu begged Ramananda Raya to give Him permission to leave, and at the time of farewell the Lord gave him the following orders:  "Give up all material engagements and come to Jagannatha Puri.  I will return there very soon after finishing My tour and pilgrimage. The two of us shall remain together at Jagannatha Puri and happily pass our time discussing Krishna."  Later, with the permission of King Prataparudra, Ramananda Raya went to Puri.

 

          Shri Svarupa Damodara was the dear-most friend of Shri Ramananda Raya.  Having written dramas on the pastimes of Krishna, Ramananda had them performed before Shri Jagannatha deva by the Devadasis of the temple. Shri Ramananda Raya died after the disappearance of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

 

184.    RAMANANDA SVAMI:

 

          He was born in Saka 1222 (1300 A.D.) in the holy city of Prayaga in the family of a Kanauj brahmana named Puyasadau and his wife Sushila Devi.  Ramananda's family name was Ramadatta. He went to Benares to study but coming in contact with Swami Raghavananda he gave up his interest in higher studies and took spiritual initiation from Raghavananda in the sixA lettered Rama mantra, after which he was christened "Ramananda."  He then took up the vow of a wandering mendicant and dedicated himself to preaching the message of Vaisnavism and devotion to Rama.  Svami Raghavananda was a disciple of Swami Hariyananda, who belonged to the 21st generation descending from Ramanuja Acarya.  Later generations of devotees descending from this Ramananda worshiped Lord Rama as the Avatara and considered this community as a separate body. However another group of devotees considered Ramananda as the Ansavatara of Lord Rama and show the line of Acaryas as descending from Ramanuja to Ramananda. Nabhaji, the author of the Hindi Bhaktamala, belonged to the second group. The story of the circumstances leading to the birth of Ramananda is given in Bhavisyapurana 4.7.

 

185.    RAMANARAYANA MISRA (CANDRABHAGA):

 

          He was a disciple of Harinatha, who was the son of Damodara dasa.  Damodara was the younger brother of Gopinatha Pujari, who was a priest of the Deity Radharamana and a follower of Gopala Bhatta Gosvami.

 

          Ramanarayana left the mark of his profound erudition by writing an elaborate commentary titled Bhavabhava-vibhavika on the Rasapancadyayi section of Shrimad Bhagavatam.

 

          He wrote another detailed and scholarly commentary titled Prabhu on the Shri Gaurangacandrodaya included in the Vayupurana.  In addition he wrote a "Suksatama vrtti" on Brahmasutra which in places seems to be unharmonious with the tradition of Lord Chaitanya.

 

186.    RAMANARYANA VIDYARATNA:

 

          Originally a resident of Jaipur, he later settled at Baharampur in Bengal.  He edited and published a large number of Vaishnava texts from the Radha Raman Press, Baharampur with the aid of the King of Agartala.

 

187.    RAMANATHA:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura.  His father was named Bipradasa and mother Bhagavati.  His brother was Jadunatha.  It was from the granary of Bipradasa that the Deity of Lord Gauranga was found and installed by Narottama Thakura.  (Premavilasa 20, See also "Bipradasa")

 

188.    RAMANATHA:

 

          According to B.B. Majumdar in CCU. P. 681, he was one of the Catuhsana.

 

189.    RAMANATHA BHADUDI:

 

          A generous brahmana, who constructed a temple at Bhandirvana in the district of Birbhum to install the Deity of Gopala abandoned by Dhruva Gosvami and entrusted the Ghosal family with the responsibility for the Deity's service.

 

190.    RAMANUJA:

 

          The originator of the Visistadvaita school of Indian philosophy, Ramanuja was born in 1017 A.D. in Shriperumbudur in Tamilnadu.  Originally called Laksmana, he studied under Yadavaprakasa at Kanchi, but was estranged from his preceptor because of a dispute regarding the interpretation of a few Upanisadic texts.  The grandson of Yamunacarya, Ramanuja was summoned to Shrirangam to take the place of the former, who occupied the seat of the Acarya there.  It is said that Ramanuja reached Shrirangam when Yamunacarya was about to be consumed by flames.  At this point of time Ramanuja was initiated into Vedas by Perianambi at Madhurantakam.  He took sannyasa after this.

 

          As a theologian he expounded his philosophy through his commentaries on the Brahmasutra and the Bhagavad-gita.  The former is titled Shribhasya.  The Vedanthat Samgraha is Ramanuja's philosophical work in lieu of the commentary on the Upanisads.

 

          In 1099 A.D. Ramanuja is said to have installed the Deity at the temple of Melukote.  In addition to his theological treatises Ramanuja wrote the Gadyatraya consisting of the "Vaikuntha Gadya,"  "Raghuvira Gadya", and the "Saranagati Gadya."  These compositions are acclaimed both for their literary merit and for their deep devotional quality.

 

191.    RAMAPRASANNA GHOSH:

 

          He wrote the following two works and published them in serial in the Gaudabhumi, a Bengali periodical, between 1312A 1315 (1905-1908 A.D.):

1.       Lalita-Gopala-Lilamrta, a summary of Lalitamadhava of Rupa Gosvami.

2.       Vidagdha-Gopala-Lilamrta, a summary of Vidagdhamadhava of Rupa Gosvami.

 

192.    RAMA RAYA:

 

          He was a Vaishnava poet.  Pada no. 1844 of Padakalpataru is his composition. 

 

193.    RAMA RAYA:

 

          A descendant of the family of a disciple of Lord Nityananda, this Rama Raya Gosvami is credited with the following works:  Gaura-vinodini vrtti, a commentary on Lord Chaitanya's Siksastaka, Gauragita and  4,000 pada's composed in Vrajbasa .  He also translated in Vrajbasa verse the Gitagovinda.  Nabhaji refers to him in Bhaktamala.  He belonged to the family-line of the famous poet Jayadeva and his descendants continue to live at Biharipada in Vrndavana.

 

194.    RAMASARAN:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Premavilasa 20, Karnananda 1)

         

195.    RAMASARAN CATTARAJA:

 

          He was the younger brother of Syamadasa Cakravarti, a disciple of Ramacarana Cakravarti, who was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  Manohara dasa, the author of Anuragavalli was Ramasaran's disciple.  He lived at Bagankola near Katoa. (Anuragavalli

 

196.   RAMA SEN:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Nityananda.  (CC. 1.11.51)

         

197.    RAMA RAMATANU MUKHOPADHYAYA:

 

          He was born in Nadia and was the second of four brothers. When his elder brother, Vedantavagisa, was unable to find peace of mind even after deeply studying numerous subjects and sastras, he left home and traveled to many places of pilgrimage.  Finally he was blessed by the association of a Siddha Vaishnava Mahanta and took initiation in Shri Chaitanya Vaisnavism.  After returning home he advised his younger brother, Ramatanu, to practice the Vaishnava religion. Ramatanu became proficient in Shrimad Bhagavatam and the Gosvami sastras and received the title Bhagavatabhusana.  He thus engaged himself in the bhajan of Gauranga with great delight.  While staying at his father-in-laws house in the village of Ula near Ranaghat, a predominantly Sakta village, he was persecuted when he tried to preach Gaura Vaisnavism and then went to Jirat Balagad to live with his sister.  There he had the opportunity to preach Vaisnavism amongst the devotees.

 

          Bhagavatabhusana met Siddha Chaitanya dasa baba for the first time on the bank of the Ganges in Navadvipa.  From that point onward they spent remained together discussing spiritual subjects and taking darsana of Shri Gauranga.  On his request, Shri Chaitanya dasa  met Jioda Nrsimha Varat in Jirat Balagad. By the preaching of these three persons the whole of Bengal was flooded with love of God.

 

          Unlike Jioda Nrsimha Varat, Shri Bhagavatabhusana was very enthusiastic to preach the Gaura mantra and establish Gaura communities.  Although Bhagavatabhusana and Nrsimha were extremely close, Nrsimha also enjoyed performing bhajan alone.

 

          At that time Bhagavatabhusana was unparalleled in reading Bhagavata.  Whenever Saktas argued with him, Bhagavatabhusana would easily defeat them with strong words and sharp philosophical arguments. Gradually many people from various places became his disciples. Katdaha's Zamindar, Shri Gurdayala Sinha, was one of them.  After that he went to preach in Dacca.  Knowing the Maharaja of Dinajpur was a great devotee, Bhagavatabhusana went to meet him and the Maharaja was overwhelmed by listening to his Bhagavata reading.

 

          After having the association of many devotees, Ramatanu began living with his favorite disciple, Nityananda dasa. After some time Ramatanu came down with dysentery.  Although Nityananda dasa nursed him carefully, the disease gradually became worse.  Sensing that his end was near, Bhagavatabhusana insisted that he listen publicly to Gaura kirtana written by Narahari Sarkara, Vasu Ghosh, Madhava Ghosh and Locana dasa, containing Nagari-bhava.  While listening to the kirtana Ramatanu Bhagavatabhusana departed from this world in the year 1843/44 A.D.  Nityananda dasa wanted to immolate himself with his guru but with great effort the other disciples stopped him.  After his guru's death Nityananda became like a mad man.

 

198.    RAMA TIRTHA:

 

          He was one of the close associates of Lord Gauranga and one of the nine Yogindras.  (GGD.101, Namamrtasamudra 210)

 

199.    RAMI/RAMAMANI:

 

          This washer-woman was famous as the first woman poet in India.  She had some pure devotional lovingly relations with poet Candidasa.

 

200.    RANGAPURI:

 

          After completing His tour of South India, Mahaprabhu arrived at Udupi in Mysore.  From there he went to Pandharapura, on the bank of the River Bhima in Maharastra. There he had darsana of Vitthal Deva and sang and danced in ecstacy.  Thereafter he took shelter at noon-time in the house of a local brahmana priest and heard from him that Shri Rangapuri, the disciple of Madhavendra Puri, was presently in that village at the home of a brahmana.  Hearing this news, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu immediately went to see Shri Rangapuri. Upon entering, the Lord saw him sitting there and immediately offered His obeisances, falling on the ground.  The symptoms of transcendental ecstacy were visible in His body--namely, tears, jubilation, trembling and perspiration. 

 

          Upon seeing Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in such an ecstatic mood, Shri Rangapuri said, "Your Holiness, please get up.  You are certainly related to Shri Madhavendra Puri, without whom there is no flavor of ecstatic love."  After saying this he lifted the Lord, embraced Him and they both cried with joy. After some moments, they regained their composure and became calm.  Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu then informed Shri Rangapuri about His relationship with Isvara Puri. 

 

          They finally sat down and respectfully began to converse. In this way they discussed topics about Lord Krishna continuously for five to seven days.  Out of curiosity, Shri Rangapuri asked Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu about His birthplace, and the Lord informed him that it was Navadvipa-dhama.  Shri Ranga Puri had formerly gone to Navadvipa with Shri Madhavendra Puri, and he therefore remembered the incidents that took place there.

 

          As soon as Shri Rangapuri remembered Navadvipa, he also recalled accompanying Shri Madhavendra Puri to the house of Jagannatha Misra, where he took lunch.  He even remembered the taste of an unprecedented curry made of banana flowers. Shri Rangapuri also remembered the wife of Jagannatha Misra as being very devoted and chaste.  As for her affection, she was exactly like the mother of the universe.  He also recalled that Sacimata was an excellent cook, and that she was very affectionate toward the sannyasis and fed them exactly like her own sons.  Shri Rangapuri also understood that one of her sons accepted the renounced order at a very young age. Rangapuri then said, Oh my son, I would like to tell you one thing, but to speak it out I feel great pain in my heart. Mahaprabhu insisted, "Please tell me."  Rangapuri replied, "You elder brother Visvarupa, who accepted sannyasa and took the name Sankararanya, used to live in this Pandharapura." Saying this Rangapuri fainted.  When Mahaprabhu helped him to regain consciousness the Lord said, "What wonderful news.  I have been wandering everywhere looking for him.  I gave my word to my mother that by any means I would bring her news of my brother."  Then Rangapuri said, crying his heart out, "My son, I cannot utter the news to you, my heart is breaking.  A few months earlier......", Rangapuri could not finish the sentence.  Mahaprabhu asked why he was crying and begged that he tell Him more about his brother.  Then Rangapuri said, "I do not know why I am alive, and Visvarupa has entered into the eternal abode."  Hearing news of his brother's disappearance, Mahaprabhu fainted.  Throughout the remainder of the day both of them wept continuously and sometimes Mahaprabhu fainted.

 

          For three/four days Mahaprabhu stayed with Rangapuri and passed his time discussing various subjects, then again set out for His pilgrimage and Shri Rangapuri left for Dvaraka. 

 

          When Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu returned to Nilacala, Shri Rangapuri also went there and stayed in Puri until the end of his life.  Lord Chaitanya respected him like his own guru and Rangapuri also loved the Lord more than his own life.

 

201.    RANGAVASI VALLABHA:

 

          He was Kali in his past incarnation (GGD. 196,206). Haridasa dasa thinks that due to an error on the part of the copyist the name "Bangabati Chaitanyadasa" has become "Rangavasi Vallabha."

 

202.    RANA KUMBHA:

 

          He was the King of Mewar who wrote a commentary on the Gita-govinda.

 

203.    RASAJANI VAISNAVA DASA:

 

          He was the paternal grandson of Priyadasa and a disciple of Harijivan.  He wrote a complete translation of Shrimad Bhagavatam in Hindi, and a translation of Gita-govinda in Vrajabhasa.  His style is lucid and closely follows the original text.

 

204.    RASAMANJARI:

 

          She was the daughter of Jagadisa Pandita and the wife of Gopalavallabha.  (Jagadisa Caritra 12.16)

 

 

 

          205.    RASAMAYA DASA:

 

          No information is available on the identity of this person.  His translation of the Gita-govinda in Bengali metrical verse is lucid.

 

206.    RASAMAYA DASA:

 

          He was the author of Shri Krishnabhaktivalli (Visva Bharati manuscript no. 59 dated BS 1172 (1765 A.D.)

 

207.    RASAMAYA DASA:

 

          This is the Vaishnava name of Vishnudasa, the disciple of Syamananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala Daksina 2.67)

 

208.    RASAMAYA DASA:

 

          He was the domestic attendant of Rasikananda prabhu. He was the father of Gopijanavallabha, the author of Rasikamangala (Rasikamangala 4.34).  Rasamaya was the son of the daughter of Bhima, the Zamindar of Dharenda.

209.    RASAMAYA DASA:

 

          He was a Vaishnava poet.  Three poems composed by him are included in Padakalpataru.

 

210.    RASAMAYA DASI:

 

          She was a Vaishnava poet.  Her name is mentioned in Padakalpataru section three, subsection eight no. 141.

 

211.    RASIKA DASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Premavilasa 20)

 

212.    RASIKA DASA:

 

          He wrote a commentary titled Pallava on the Kavya of Jiva Gosvami named Shri Shri Gopalvirudavali.

 

213.    RASIKA DASA:

 

          This Vaishnava saint belonging to the Radhavallabhi sampradaya translated Ujjvalanilamani-Kiran into Vrajabhasa under the title Srngar-Cudamani and of Bhagavatamrta-kana under the title Rasasiddhanta-cintamani.  Both of these were Visvanatha Cakravarti's works.  These translation bear evidence to the fact that the influence of the literary works of Rupa, Sanatana and Visvanatha existed in full glory in Vrajmandala until the seventeenth Saka century (1678 A.D.), even members of other sampradayas acknowledged loyalty to them.

 

214.    RASIKA DASA: (missing)

215.    RASIKAMOHANA VIDYABHUSANA:

 

          He belonged to the family-line descending from the second daughter of Shrinivasa Acarya.  He lived more than one hundred years and wrote several Vaishnava books.  One of the foremost devotees of Lord Gauranga, he was a profound erudite in both Oriental and Occidental Studies. The following is a list of some of his works:

 

(1) Raya Ramananda, (2) Svarupa Damodara, (3) Carantulasi, (4) Vidyapati, (5) Candidasa, (6) Sadhana-sanketa, (7) Shri RupaA Sanatana, (8) Shri Vaishnava, (9) Shri Nityananda, (10) Gambhiraya Shri Gauranga, (11) Nilacale Vrajamadhuri, (12) Lilamadhuri, (13) Gitagovinda, (14) Sanuvada Sarvasamvadini.

 

          Rasikamohana edited a number of Vaishnava periodicals and was an eloquent interpreter of the Vaishnava sastras.

 

216.    RASIKANANDA:

 

          He was a Vaishnava poet.  Pada no. 2227 in Padakalpataru composed by him deals with Lord Gauranga's embracing sannyasa.

 

217.    RASIKANANDA DASA:

 

          He translated Lilamrtarasapura

 

218.    RASIKANANDA DEVA GOSVAMI:

 

          For many years Acyuta deva, the Zamindar of Rohini, was childless.  Finally, by the grace of God, in 1590 A.D. on the festive night of Diwali (Oct-Nov), a son was born to him who was named Rasikananda.

 

          Another name for Rasikananda was Murari, thus many people used to call him Rasikamurari.  Rasikananda was very handsome and extremely knowledgeable in all subjects.  At a very early age he married Syamadasi.

 

          Rasikananda was extremely anxious to find a bonafide spiritual master.  Once day he heard an oracle which told him not to worry, his guru, Shri Syamananda, would soon come to him and Rasikananda could then accept initiation.

 

          Soon afterwards, Shri Syamananda and his devotees arrived there from Dharenda Bahadurpura.  Seeing Shri Syamananda with his japa mala in hand, overflowing with ecstatic emotions, Shri Rasika deva immediately recognized his guru and fell prostrate before him.  He brought Syamananda to his house and worshiped him with flowers.  He and his family, along with his entire kingdom, took shelter of Shri Syamananda prabhu.  On an auspicious day Shri Rasikananda and his wife received initiation from Shri Syamananda.  After this Rasikananda regularly traveled with Syamananda prabhu and became his most intimate disciple.  The entire charge of worshiping Shri Radha Govinda at Gopivallavapura was given to him by Shri Syamananda prabhu.  The devotees were delighted to see his service and devotion to Shri Radha Govinda.  Rasikananda then began preaching the message of Shri Gaura-Nityananda in Gopivallavapura and other places.  By his association my persons gave of their sinful habits.

 

          Vaidyanatha Bhanja-the King of Mayurbhanja, King Gajapati of Pataspura, King Candrabhanu of Mayana and other respected persons became his disciples.  As directed by his spiritual master, he successfully preached the message of Shri Gaurasundara for nearly forty-six years and then took his eternal rest at the holy feet of Shri Gopinatha deva at the village of Remuna.

 

          In Saka 1574 (1652 A.D.) on the first day of the bright fortnight in the month of Falguna (Feb-March), Shri Rasikananda deva came to Remuna village on foot from Sarata village unnoticed by anyone.  He discussed the glories of Lord Krishna for a little while with the devotees and advised them to worship Lord Krishna.  He then entered into the temple of Shri Gopinatha, touched the feet of Shri Gopinatha and breathed his last. 

 

          Shri Rasikananda had three sons namely, Shri Radhananda, Shri Krishnagovinda and Shri Radhakrishna.  The present members of the Mahanta family of Gopivallavapura are descendants of these three sons.

 

          Shri Rasikananda deva wrote Shri Syamananda Sataka, Shrimad Bhagavatastaka and many stava and songs.  (Premavilasa 20, BRK. 15.81-85)

 

 

 

GENEALOGICAL TABLE OF RASIKANANDA PRABHU

 

 

                   _________________________________________________

                   |                                     |                                     |

                   |                                     |                                     |

            Radhananda                                  Krishnagati                              Radhakrishna

                   |

          ______|______

          |                  |

          |                  |

    Nayananda             Rasananda

|

      ___|______________________________________________________

      |                                                                             |                  |

      |                                                                             |                  |

Vrajajanananda                                               Vrndavanananda  Utsavananda

      |                                                                             |

___|_____________________                                ____|__________________

|                  |                  |                                |                                |

|                  |                  |                                |                                |

Vicitrananda Bhajanananda Govindananda            Vaishnavananda       Suvalananda

 

*(not clear if the rest of the tree belongs to Govindananda or Vaishnavananda)

                                                          |

____________|____________

|                                     |

|                                     |

   Gokulananda                    Netrananda

|

|

Trivikramananda

|

__________________|__________________

|                                                        |

|                                                        |

Madhusudananda                                  Ramakrishnananda

|

__________________________________________|________________________

|                                     |                                     |                            |

|                                     |                                     |                            |

Anandananda             Saccidananda                  Visvambharananda       Sandrananda

|

|

 Sarvesvarananda

|

__________________|__________________

|                                                        |

|                                                        |

Nandanandanananda                              Shachinandana€````@P@``€``PP@P€°`° `@```š`@°°`°°  @@P` ` P@ °P`0@````@`` P`€@ `P€PP```@`PP`°°°Ppppppp p````@@@@€p€€€€€€€pppp````````` P````    ```````€````````_›8œȰ_Ȱ_粜娈粜が粞〼粞nanda

|                                                        |

|                                                        |

Govindagopalananda                              Gopalagovindananda

 

 

 

219.    RASIKARAYA JIU:

 

          Shri Candra Sarma was a pious brahmana who lived at Jaipur in Rajasthan.  He worshiped the Deity of Lord Krishna which is known as Shri Rasika.  Because he was poor, he could barely make arrangements to make offerings to the Deity.  One night, in a dream, Shri Jagannatha Deva advised Shri Candra Sarma to take his Deity to Ganga Mata, who was residing near SvetaA Ganga in Puri, and arrange for her to worship Him.  The brahmana followed the advice and without delay reached Ganga Mata.  Upon seeing the Deity of Lord Krishna, she became very happy.  The brahmana then told her the reason for his visit. But Ganga Mata explained that she could not worship the Deity as she spent most of her day begging alms from various places, thus she advised him to take the Deity home with him.  The brahmana, not finding any other alternative, placed the Deity of Shri Rasika Raya in Ganga Mata's tulasi garden and left quietly.

 

          That night Shri Rasika Raya appeared to Shri Ganga mata in a dream and told her that the brahmana had left Him in the garden and since then He had eaten nothing.  She immediately woke up and with tearful eyes, went to the garden where she found the Deity.  She took the Deity inside and gave Him a bath and fed Him.  Upon seeing that the hungry Shri Rasika Raya was gulping down the food, Ganga mata could not check her joyful tears.  She then dressed Him in new clothes and lay Him down to rest.

 

          The following morning the devotees were astonished to see the beautiful Shri Rasika Raya in the house of Ganga mata. Hearing the wonderful story they all shouted, "Hari, Hari." Everyday Ganga mata feed Shri Rasika Raya many varieties of food. For sometime she maintained the Deity by begging, but when she became too old she was unable to offer proper service to the Deity.  Shri Rasika Raya, however, tactfully arranged to accept service from the rich businessmen.  Not being able to properly serve the Lord was painful for Ganga mata and she begged that He allow her to die.  But in a dream Rasika Raya told her to go on serving Him without being depressed as He was very happy with the service rendered by her.  Thus she continued serving Him for sometime, when again she requested that she be allowed to leave this world while chanting His holy name.  Shri Rasika Raya said that she would certain reach the spiritual abode, but first she should hand over the charge of His worship to a genuine devotee.  She then requested Vanamali dasa, a very calm and quiet devotee, to take care of Shri Rasika Raya.  In 1721 A.D., on the eleventh day of the bright fortnight of Asvin (Sept-Oct) Shri Ganga Mata left this world at the age of 120 years.  She was born in the year 1601 A.D.

         

220.    RASIKASEKHARA:

 

          He was the disciple of Thakura Narahari.  He wrote the Sanskrit book Shrimannaraharira Sakhanirnaya.

 

 

221.    RASIKOTTANSA:

 

          He was the son of Shri Gadadhara Bhatta, the disciple of Shri Raghunatha Bhatta.  He was born in the calender year of 1605 and wrote Prema Pattana.  In this book Rasikottansa describes the details of Vrndavana.  His brother, Vallabha Rasika, compiled a book of padas titled Vani.

 

222.    RATIKANTA THAKURA:

 

          He was a great scholar and the grandson of Madana Thakura of Shrikhanda.  He compiled the book Shri Gaura Sataka.  His disciple, Gopala dasa, wrote Rasakalpavalli.

 

223.    RATNAGARBHA:

 

          He was the youngest son of Shri Nilambara Cakravarti of Belpukhuria.  He was the elder brother of Shri Saci devi. (Premavilasa 7)

 

224.    RATNAGARBHA ACARYA:

 

          He was a teacher of Shrimad Bhagavatam.  Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's father, Jagannatha Misra, was his friend and heard the Bhagavatam for the first time from him.  His Shripata was in Burunga village of Shrihatta, and his sons were Yadunatha Kavicandra, Jiva Pandita and Krishnananda. (CBh. 2.1.297)

 

225.    RATNAKAR PANDITA:

 

          He was a sannyasi companion of Lord Gauranga (Namamrtasamudra 206).  In his past incarnation he was Kharvanidhi (GGD. 103)

 

226.    RATNAMALA:

 

          She was the wife of Ramacandra Kaviraja and a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya.  (Premavilasa 20)

 

227.    RATNAVATI DEVI:

 

          She was the daughter of Pundarika Vidyanidhi.  She belonged to Shripata Cakrasala at Chittagong. (Premavilasa 22)

 

228.    RATNAVATI DEVI:

 

          She was the mother of Gadadhara Pandita and was also known as Navakumari Devi.  Her husband was Madhava Misra and she belonged to Shripata Beleti.  (Premavilasa 22-24)

 

229.    RATNESVARA:

 

          He was most likely a Gaudiya Vaishnava.  In Pata Paryatana, by Abhirama dasa, and Shri Abhirama Gosvamira Sakha Nirnaya the name of Ratnesvara is mentioned at the end of the book.

 

230.    RAUTRA:

 

          A resident of Rajagad and a disciple of Rasikananda prabhu.  (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.96-97)

 

231.    RAVI RAYA:

 

          He was a Vedic brahmana by caste, a disciple of Narottama Thakura and a priest at Shripata Budhuri.  (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 12)

 

232.    RAVINDRANARAYANA:

 

          He was the King of Putia (now in Bangladesh).  Two Vaishnavas deputed by the sons of Shrinivasa Acarya were instrumental in converting this King, who accepting Vaisnavism under the Acaryas of Malihati.  (Bhaktamala 18)

 

233.    RAYASEKHARA:

 

          He was a disciple of Raghunandana Gosvami and belonged to the family line of Lord Nityananda.  He was born in the village of Paran in Burdwan and was an accomplished poet in Vrajbhuli.  It was he who wrote the book Dandatmika.

 

234.    REVATI:

 

          She was the wife of Kumaradeva and the mother of Rupa and Sanatana Gosvami.

 

235.    RODANA:

 

          She was the mother of Jayananda Misra and the daughter of Subuddhi Misra.

 

236.    RUDRA PANDITA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Lord Chaitanya.  In his past incarnation he was Varathupa Upagopala.  (GGD. 135, CC. 1.10.106)

 

          His Shripata was at Vallabhapur village in Hugli on the bank of the Ganges.  He was born in Saka 1460 (1538 A.D.). During his childhood he was brought up at Shripata Catra in the house of his maternal uncle, Kasisvara (Kasinatha Pandita). From the biographical information available on the descendants of Kasisvara Pandita, it is understood that this Rudra Pandita, whom some call Virabhadra prabhu, arranged to collect stone from a Muslim ruler and have the following Deities carved:  Shri Syamasundara of Khardaha, Shri Nandadulal of Saibona and Shri Radhavallabha of Vallabhapura.

 

 

          Ramakanta and Laksmana were the two brothers of Rudra Pandita.  The present priest-family of Caudhuri at Vallabhapur are Rudra Pandita's descendants.  Descendants of Laksmana live in Saibona in district 24 Parganas and serve the Deity of Nandadulal.  The dilapidated temple of Radhavallabha is situated on the bank of the Ganges.  A stone plaque placed by the British Government carries the following message: "Acquired by Henry Martin, a missionary, in 1806 A.D."

 

237.    RUDRARI KAVIRAJA:

 

          He was a devotee of Lord Gauranga. (Vaishnava Vandana)

 

238.    RUPA GHATAK:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya and belonged to Shripata Yajigram (Karnananda 1, BRK. 10.142).  He donated half of his entire property to Shrinivasa Acarya.

 

239.    RUPA GOSVAMI:

 

          In the conclusion of his Laghutosani Jiva Gosvami has given some biographical information in which he explains that Sarvajna is seventh in the ascending genealogical line from Rupa Gosvami.  He was highly respected amongst the brahmanas of Karnataka, thus he was also referred to as "Jagadguru." Being a brahmana from the Yajurveda clan, who are descendants of Bharadvaja, Sarvajna was a erudite scholar of all sastras and theological treatises.  Attracted by Sarvajna's scholastic ability and admirable qualities, students flocked from different parts of the country to study under him.  Sarvajna was also a king.

 

          Sarvajna's son, Aniruddha, was a great Yajurveda scholar and was admired by all.  Aniruddha had two wives and two sons. His sons were Rupesvara and Harihara.  Rupesvara became theologically astute, whereas Harihara became skilled in the use of weapons.  When Aniruddha died the kingdom was divided between the two sons, but Harihara occupied the land of Rupesvara by force.  In a helpless condition Rupesvara and his family migrated to Paurastyadesa, where he became friends with the local King, Sikharesvara.

 

          Rupesvara's son Padmanabha acquired great fame due to his handsome features, admirable qualities, erudition and wealth. Padmanabha moved his home to the village of Nabahatta (modern Naihati) on the bank of the Bhagirathi.  Padmanabha had eighteen daughters and five sons.  The youngest son was named Mukunda.

 

          Mukunda's son, Kumara deva, was an extremely religious man.  When religious upheaval occurred in Naihati, Kumara deva moved to Bakla Candradvipa (in Jessore).  He is said to have settled for some time at Fateyavad--located between Naihati and Bakla.  The three most renowned sons of Kumaradeva were Sanatana, Rupa and Anupama.  When their father died, these three sons went to their maternal uncle's home in Sakurma near the capital of Gauda where they continued their studies.

 

          Gaudiya Vaishnava Abhidhana P. 1350-1351:  Rupa Gosvami was one of the six Gosvamis associated with Shri Gauranga-lila. According to GGD 180 he was Shri Rupa manjari in Krishna lila. He occupied a responsible post in the service of the Badshah Hussain Shah of Gauda.  He later renounced everything and surrendered himself at the feet of Lord Gauranga.  His fascinating biography is described in the CC., Bhaktamala, etc.  Narottama Thakura has rightly praised him as "Shri Chaitanyamanohabhista-stapaka" (the implementor of Lord Chaitanya's desires).

 

          Rupa Gosvami was specifically commanded by Lord Chaitanya to carry out two tasks: (1) to re-locate and preserve the lost pilgrimage places of Vrndavana, and (2) to write and preach Vaishnava theology.

 

          From Prayaga Rupa Gosvami went to Vrndavana. He then visited his native home where he settled his property concerns.  Thereafter he traveled on to Nilacala to meet Lord Chaitanya.  While staying at Gauda, Rupa Gosvami developed the desire to write the Vidagdhamadhava and Lalitamadhava nataka. Initially he planned to present the Vraja-lila and the PuraA lila together in one drama with the view of calming the intensity of the Vrajaviraha by including the Dwaraka-lila. However, while in Satyabhamapura he was commanded by Satyabhamadevi to write two separate dramas.  In Nilacala Lord Chaitanya also gave him the same instruction.  Only those who appreciate the true Vaishnava spirit will understand the immense pleasure which Lord Chaitanya and His associates derived from listening to this drama.  After surcharging and empowering Rupa Gosvami with divine energy, Lord Chaitanya sent him back to Vrndavana.

 

          The following is a list of the most well-known books of Rupa Gosvami:  Bhaktirasamrtasindhu; Ujvalanilamani; Laghubhagavatamrta; Vidagdhamadhava; Lalitamadhava; Nikunjarahasyastava; Stavamala; Shri Radhakrishna ganoddesadipika; Mathura-mahatmya; Uddhava Sandesa; Hamsadutam; Danakelikaumudi; Shri Krishnajanmatithividhi; Prayuktakhyatamanjari, Natakacandrika

 

          The following are references from CC. which deal with Rupa Gosvami:

 

2.1.165         Working as Dabir Khas in the employment of the King of Gauda.

 

2.1.196-197   He wrote a letter to Lord Chaitanya prior to meeting Him and also received a reply.

 

2.1.165-170   He had a discussion relating to Lord Chaitanya with Hussain Shah when the Lord visited Ramakeli

 

2.1.171-173   On returning from Hussain Shah's place Rupa had a talk with Sanatana and both went to meet Lord Chaitanya.

 

2.19.30-35     On receiving information from the two messengers that Lord Chaitanya had already left for Vrndavana, Rupa took his younger brother, Anupama, along with him to meet the Lord.  Rupa sent a letter to Sanatana conveying this information, and encouraged him to escape from prison with the help of the money he had left in the custody of a grocer.

 

2.19.36-56     Rupa meets Lord Chaitanya at Prayaga, expresses his humility and aspirations, informs the Lord about Sanatana and fixes up his residence close to the Lord's place.

 

2.19.61-67     Rupa meets Vallabha Bhatta at Prayaga; Bhatta expresses awe at the humility and devotion of Rupa.

 

2.19.81-82     Rupa accompanies Lord Chaitanya to the house of Bhatta at Adaila village.

 

2.19.104-107  Lord Chaitanya instructed Rupa for ten days at Prayaga on the theology of Krishna, Bhakti, rasa, etc. The Lord empowered Rupa with His own divine energy.

 

2.1.173-202   Rupa and Sanatana first meet Lord Nityananda and Haridasa Thakura, and later meet Lord Chaitanya. They expressed their humility and spiritual aspirations and obtained the mercy of Lord Chaitanya.

 

2.1.203-206   Lord Chaitanya introducing the two brothers to the devotees and requests them to show their mercy to them.

 

2.1.207-212   The two brothers requested the Lord to leave that place and not to go to Vrndavana with a large crowd of people.  They then returned home.

 

2.19.2-4        Upon arriving at home the two brothers began to devise plans by which they could abandon their wealth.

 

2.19.5-8        By boat they visited their ancestral home and distributed their wealth.

 

2.19.10-11     Shri Rupa Gosvami heard that Lord Chaitanya had returned to Jagannatha Puri and was preparing to go to Vrndavana through the forest, thus he sent two people to Puri to find out when Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu would depart for Vrndavana.

 

2.19.240        Rupa Gosvami is instructed by Lord Chaitanya to go to Vrndavana.

 

 

2.19.241        The Lord tells Rupa that later he can go to Jagannatha Puri through Bengal and there he will meet the Lord again. 

 

2.25.186        Rupa reaches Mathura and meets Subuddhi Raya at Dhruva-ghat.

 

2.25.207        Rupa wins the friendship of Subuddhi Raya and together they visit the twelve forests of Vrndavana.

 

2.25.209-210  After one month in Vrndavana Rupa leaves for Prayaga, following the route along the bank of the Ganges.

 

2.25.216-219  From Prayaga Rupa and his brother go to Kasi and meet the devotees.

 

2.25.221        Rupa leaves for Gauda after staying in Kasi for ten days.

 

3.1.34-36       While in Vrndavana Rupa Gosvami desired to write dramas concerning the pastimes of Lord Krishna, thus he composed the introductory verses of a drama.  On his way to Gauda-desa he had been thinking of how to write the action of the drama.  Thus he had made some notes and begun to write.

 

3.1.37-38       On reaching Gauda, Anupama breathed his last.  Rupa leaves for Nilacala.

 

3.1.40-44       Rupa halted for a night during his journey at Satyabhamapur in Orissa, at night he had a vision of the deity Satyabhama who commanded Rupa to write a separate drama.  Rupa first planned to write a single drama comprising both Vrajalila and Puralila. Now on receiving the divine command, Rupa decides to write two separate ones.

 

3.1.45-58       Rupa arrives at Nilacala and stays at the residence of Haridasa Thakura, where he meets Lord Chaitanya. He also met all the other devotees and Lord Chaitanya urged them to shower their grace upon Rupa.  Rupa was loved by them all.

 

3.1.59-64       Rupa joins Lord Chaitanya daily in Istagosthi and participates in the cleaning of Gundica.

 

3.1.65-68       Lord Chaitanya gives instructions that Krishna never leaves Vrndavana.

 

3.1.71.                   At the command of Satyabhama and Lord Chaitanya, Rupa arranges to write two separate dramas.

 

3.1.72-88       Rupa writes a verse interpreting the sloka "yah kaumaraharah" chanted by Lord Chaitanya during RathaA yatra.  He wrote this on a palm leaf and placed it in his thatched roof and went to take bath.  Lord Chaitanya found that verse and was overwhelmed with ecstasy.  Thus He showered His mercy upon Rupa. Lord Chaitanya showed that verse to Svarupa Damodara.

 

3.1.89           Lord Chaitanya instructs Svarupa to teach Rupa Vaishnava theology.

 

3.1.97-99       Lord Chaitanya feels ecstacy upon reading the Sanskrit verse composed by Rupa beginning with "tunde tandavini."

 

3.1.100-105   Lord Chaitanya goes to meet Rupa at the house of Haridasa Thakura, along with Sarvabhauma, Ramananda, Svarupa, etc.  There the Lord glorifies Rupa's qualities.

 

3.1.109-121   Rupa meets the devotees and they all share the beauty of the verses "priyah sohayan krishnah" and "tunde tandavini."

 

3.1.199         Lord Chaitanya personally guides Rupa to invoke the grace of all the devotees.

 

3.1.202         Considering Rupa to be competent to understand the science of rasa, Lord Chaitanya transmitted His divine energy to Rupa and commanded him to write books about Bhakti.

 

3.1.206         Lord Chaitanya expresses His desire to the devotees to endow Rupa with the ability to describe Vrajalila-premarasa.

 

3.1.210         Haridasa Thakura praises the fortune of Rupa.

 

3.1.215-216   Rupa participates with Lord Chaitanya in the Holi festival.

 

3.1.217-220   Lord Chaitanya bids farewell to Rupa after empowering him to go to Vrndavana and write transcendental literature, to excavate the lost holy places and to establish the service of Lord Krishna and preach the mellows of Lord Krishna's devotional service.

 

3.1.221         Taking leave of the devotees Rupa goes to Vrndavana via Gauda.

 

2.1.31-36       Name of some of the books compiled by Rupa Gosvami.

 

1.10.84-90     Rupa and Sanatana Gosvami both preached extensively and built temples and installed Deities in Vrndavana.

 

 

1.10.93-104   When Raghunatha Gosvami visited Vrndavana, Rupa and Sanatana treated him just like a brother.

 

2.19.124-133  His extraordinary renunciation and devotion

 

2.18.47-54     Rupa has darsana of the Gopala Deity.

 

2.19.124-133  Rupa and Sanatana's conduct in Vrndavana.

 

2.1.208         Lord Chaitanya reveals the names of Rupa and Sanatana.

 

2.1.215         Lord Chaitanya describes the glories of Rupa and Sanatana to His associates.

 

          (From GPC): In his Laghu Vaishnava Tosani, Shri Jiva Gosvami describes the descendants of Rupa and Sanatana: "Their forefather was Shri Sarvajna Jagadguru who was a Yajurvedi brahmana of the Varadvaja caste and the King of Karnataka.  His son was Aniruddha Deva, who had two queens and two sons, Shri Rupesvara and Shri Harihara deva.  Shri Rupesvara deva was an expert in sastras, and Shri Harihara deva was expert in the use of weapons. By force, Shri Harihara snatched the power and estate of Shri Rupesvara deva.  Thus Shri Rupesvara deva, along with his wife and eight horses, went to Paulasthadesa.  There he became a friend of the King, Shri Sekharesvara.  Shri Rupesvara deva had a son named Shri Padmanava deva, who was a genius in Vedic scriptures. Shri Padmanavadeva lived at Naihati on the bank of the Ganges.  He had eight daughters and five sons.  All of his sons, namely Purusottama, Jagannatha, Narayana, Murari and Mukunda deva, were brilliant scholars of the Vedic scriptures.  Shri Mukunda deva built his house and settled at Bakla Candradvipa. He also built a house in Jessore and Fateyavad because he frequently visited the houses of his yajamanas.  Shri Kumara Deva was the son of Shri Mukunda deva.  He had many sons amongst whom Shri Sanatana, Shri Rupa and Shri Anupama (Vallabha) were great Bhagavatas."

 

          Shri Sanatana Gosvami was born in 1488 A.D. (1410 Saka). Shri Rupa Gosvami was born in 1493 A.D. (1415 Saka).  In order to complete their education they lived at their uncle's house in a small village named Sakurma near the capital of Gauda.

 

          Having heard the glories of Shri Rupa and Sanatana from many intelligent persons, Badshah Hussain Shah of Gauda appointed the two brothers as ministers in the court.  Though reluctant to accept the Bhadshah's offer, out of fear of the Yavana King, they agreed to take the post.  Hussain Shah happily offered them enormous amounts of wealth and riches. Shri Rupa and Sanatana thus lived in the village of Ramakeli, the capital of Gauda.  Many great brahmana scholars from different parts of the country visited their house regularly, and the two brothers took great pleasure in serving and arranging accommodations for them. 

 

 

          The brother of Sarvabhauma, the famous Vidyavacaspati, was the philosophy teacher of Shri Rupa and Sanatana.  As mentioned in the Dasama Tippani of the Bhagavata, their other teachers were Shri Paramananda Bhattacarya and Shri Ramapada Vadrapada.  From their early childhood Rupa, Sanatana and Anupama, were very devotionally inclined.  Thinking of the wonderful land of Vrndavana, they use to plant trees like Tamala, Kadamba, Yuthika and Tulasi groves in the nearby garden of their house.  They also dug two lakes in their garden, naming them Radhakunda and Syamakunda.  Everyday they were absorbed in the service of Madana Mohana.  When they heard the glories of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, they became extremely anxious to meet Him.  A transcendental voice spoke to them saying, "Be patient, the deliverer of mankind will soon come to visit your village."

 

          When they heard that Shri Gaurahari had taken sannyasa and gone to Puri, Sanatana and Rupa fainted on the ground in grief.  Thinking that they would never have the opportunity to see the Lord they began to lament profusely.  Suddenly a voice spoke to them saying, "Do not lament, the ocean of mercy--Shri Gaurahari will soon come here."  Thus they heaved a sigh of relief.

 

          After living happily in Puri for five years, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu went to Gauda to see his mother and the River Ganges.  The devotees were mad with joy and mother Saci, overwhelmed with ecstacy, happily cooked various preparation for her dear son.  Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu stayed in the house of Shri Advaita Acarya in Santipura for some days and then traveled on to Ramakeli.

 

          In this way Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu arrived at the beautiful village of Ramakeli.  There He danced in ecstacy and millions swarmed around Him to take the dust of His lotus feet.  When news of Mahaprabhu's powerful presence reached Badshah Hussain Shah he said, "Without giving in charity this fellow has soo many people following behind Him. He must be a great prophet."  Thus he told the Kaji and the Yavanas not to obstruct Him in any way and to allow Him do anything and go anywhere.  Due to the presence of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu the entire village of Ramakeli overflowed with joy.  People from all corners came to see the Lord.  When the Badshah asked his special representative, Kesava Chatri, about Mahaprabhu's presence, Kesava Chatri said, "Yes, I have heard that a beggar sannyasi has come here along with a few followers."  The Badshah said, "What are you talking about?  Millions of people are walking with Him."  Hearing this Kesava Chatri smiled slightly.  The Bhadshah then privately spoke to Dabira Khasa (Rupa Gosvami) who replied, replied, "Why are you asking me? Ask your own mind.  It is this Gosvami who has given you this kingdom.  It is your good fortune that He has taken birth in your country.  Go and see Him yourself.  Can any human being possess such magnetic power of attraction?"  The Badshah was pleased by Sanatana's sweet words and ordered that Mahaprabhu be allowed to do whatever He likes.

 

          After returning to his residence, Dabira Khasa and his brother decided after much consideration to go see the Lord incognito.  Thus in the dead of night the two brothers, Dabira Khasa and Sakara Mallika, went to see Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu incognito.  First they met Nityananda Prabhu and Haridasa Thakura, who told Lord Chaitanya about two personalities--Rupa and Sanatana--had come to see Him.  In great humility, both brothers took bunches of straw between their teeth, and each binding a cloth around his neck, they fell down like rods before the Lord.  Upon seeing Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the two brothers were overwhelmed with joy, and out of humility they began to cry.  The Lord asked them to get up and assured them of all good fortune.  The two brothers got up and humbly offered prayers with folded hands. 

 

          After hearing the prayers of Dabira Khasa and Sakara Mallika, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said:  "My dear Dabira Khasa, you two brothers are My old servants.  From this day your names will be changed to Shrila Rupa and Shrila Sanatana.  Now please abandon your humility, for My heart is breaking to see you so humble.  You have written several letters showing your humility.  and from these I have understood your heart.  I really had no business in coming to Bengal, but I have come just to see you two. 

 

          In accordance with the instructions of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the two brothers immediately touched the lotus feet of all the Vaishnava associates of the Lord present, including Nityananda, Haridasa Thakura, Shrivasa Thakura, Gadadhara Pandita, Mukunda, Jagadananda, Murari and Vakresvara, who all became very happy and congratulated the brothers for having received the mercy of the Lord.  On the eve of the Lord's departure from Ramakeli, He blessed Shri Sanatana and Rupa by saying, "Very soon Krishna will free you from the entanglement of material life."

 

          Later, the younger brother of Shri Sanatana and Rupa, Shri Anupama, along with his son and other family members, worshiped the lotus feet of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and sang His glories.  Mahaprabhu placed his hand on the head of Shri Jiva, the only son of Anupama.

 

          After the Lord departed from Ramakeli Rupa and Sanatana began to devise means to get out of their government service. Both brothers appointed some brahmanas to perform purascarana ceremonies and chant the holy name of Krishna.  Shrila Rupa Gosvami deposited ten thousand gold coins with a grocer, and the balance he brought in two boats to a place called Bakla Candradvipa.  There he divided this money among the brahmanas, Vaishnavas and his relatives, and a portion he kept for emergency measures and personal needs.

 

          When Rupa Gosvami was informed that Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was going to Vrndavana from Jagannatha Puri through the forest of Madhya Pradesh, he sent two people to Jagannatha Puri to find out when the Lord would leave for Vrndavana. When Mahaprabhu started for Vrndavana, Rupa left home and sent news to Sanatana that he was leaving with his younger brother (Anupama Mallika) to meet Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

 

          Meanwhile, Sanatana Gosvami told the Nawab that he was sick and could not attend to his work.  Giving this excuse, he sat home and studied Shrimad Bhagavatam with learned brahmana scholars.  The Nawab Hussain Shah first sent his personal physician to see what the real facts were; then he personally came to see why Sanatana was not attending to official business.  Knowing that he wanted to resign his post, the Nawab had him arrested and imprisoned.  The Nawab then went off to attack Orissa.

 

  Rupa Gosvami finally reached Prayaga.  While Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was sitting in a solitary place in the home of a Deccan brahmana, Rupa Gosvami and Shri Vallabha (Anupama) came to meet Him.  Both brothers were overwhelmed with ecstatic emotion  and immediately fell down on the ground like rods. Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was very pleased to see Shrila Rupa Gosvami and told him, "Stand up! Stand up!  My dear Rupa, come here.  It is not possible to describe Krishna's mercy for He has delivered you both from the well of material enjoyment." After this the Lord sat them down by His side and asked, "What news do you have of Sanatana?"  Rupa replied, "Sanatana has now been arrested by the government of Hussain Shah.  If You kindly save him, he can be liberated from that entanglement." Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu immediately replied, "Sanatana has already been released from his confinement, and he will very soon meet with Me."

         

          At the time of Mahaprabhu's visit to Prayaga, Shri Vallabacarya was living in the village of Araila on the other bank of the Triveni.  One day he invited the Lord to his house for lunch and Shri Rupa and Anupama accompanied Him.  The Lord introduced the brothers Rupa and Vallabha to him.  From a distance, the brothers fell on the ground and offered obeisances to Vallabha Bhatta with great humility.  When Vallabha Bhattacarya walked toward them, they ran away to a more distant place.  Rupa Gosvami said, "I am untouchable and most sinful.  Please do not touch me."  Vallabha Bhattacarya was very surprised at this.  Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, however, was very pleased, and He therefore spoke to him this description of Rupa Gosvami:  "Don't touch him, for he belongs to a very low caste. You are a follower of Vedic principles and are a well experienced performer of many sacrifices.  You also belong to the aristocracy." 

          Hearing the holy name constantly vibrated by the two brothers, Vallabha Bhattacarya could understand the hints of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, thus he said:  "Since these two are constantly chanting the holy name of Krishna, how can they be untouchable?  On the contrary, they are most exalted."  The two brothers lay prostrate on the ground at the feet of Vallavacarya and praised him eloquently.

 

          Due to the great crowds in Prayaga, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu went to a place called Dasasvamedha-ghata.  It was there that the Lord instructed Shri Rupa Gosvami for ten successive days and empowered him to understand the philosophy of devotional service.

 

          Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu said, "My dear Rupa, please listen to Me.  It is not possible to describe devotional service completely; therefore I am just trying to give you a synopsis of the symptoms of devotional service.  The ocean of the transcendental mellow of devotional service is so big that no one can estimate its length and breadth. However, just to help you taste it, I am describing but one drop.  Now listen to Me.  Out of many millions o wise men, one may actually become liberated, and out of many millions of such liberated persons, a pure devotee of Lord Krishna is very difficult to find.  Because a devotee of Lord Krishna is desireless, he is peaceful.  Fruitive workers desire material enjoyment, jnanis desire liberation, and yogis desire material opulence; therefore they are all lusty and cannot be peaceful.  Out of many millions of wandering living entities, one who is very fortunate gets an opportunity to associate with a bona fide spiritual master by the grace of Krishna.  By the mercy of both Krishna and the spiritual master, such a person receives the seed of the creeper of devotional service.  That seed must be watered by hearing and chanting.  In this way the creeper sprouts and gradually, through continued watering, grows more and more and attains the shelter of the desire tree of the lotus feet of Krishna, who is eternally situated in the planet known as Goloka Vrndavana in the topmost region of the spiritual sky.  There the devotee serves the lotus feet of the Lord, which are compared to a wish-fulfilling tree.  With great bliss he tastes the juice of the fruit of love and becomes eternally happy."

 

          "Now I shall describe the symptoms of pure devotional service.  Pure devotion to the Supreme Personality of Godhead is causeless and it cannot be obstructed in any way.  Such a devotee does not accept saloka, sarsti, sarupya, samipya or onesness with Krishna, even if offered these liberations.  A pure devotee simply wants to serve Krishna.  By regularly rendering devotional service, one gradually becomes attached to the Lord.  When that attachment is intensified, it becomes love of Godhead.  The basic aspects of prema, when gradually increasing to different states, are affection, abhorrence, love, attachment, further attachment, ecstasy and great ecstasy.  All these stages combined are called sthayibhava, or continuous love of Godhead in devotional service.  In addition to these stages, there are vibhava and anubhava.  When the higher standard of ecstatic love is mixed with the symptoms of sattvika and vyahicari, the devotee relishes the transcendental bliss of loving Krishna in a variety of nectarean tastes.

 

          According to the devotee, attachment falls within the five categories of santa-rati, dasya-rati, sakhya-rati, vatsalya-rati and madhurya-rati.  These five categories arise from the devotees' different attachments to the Supreme Personality of Godhead.      Examples of santa-bhaktas are the nine Yogendras and the four Kumaras.  Examples of devotees in dasya-bhakti are innumerable, for such devotees exist everywhere (such as Raktaka, Citraka, Daruka, Hanuman, etc.). In Vrndavana, examples of devotees in fraternity are Shridama and Sudama; in Dvaraka the Lord's friends are Bhima and Arjuna;  in Vrndavana the devotees in parental love are mother Yasoda and father Nanda Maharaja, and in Dvaraka the Lord's parents are Vasudeva and Devaki.  The chief devotees in conjugal love are the gopis in Vrndavana, the queens in Dvaraka and the goddesses of fortune in Vaikuntha. 

 

          In this way Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu taught Shrila Rupa Gosvami the ultimate limit of the truth about Lord Krishna, the truth about devotional service and the truth about transcendental mellows, consummating in conjugal love between Radha and Krishna.  Finally He told Rupa Gosvami about the ultimate conclusions of Shrimad Bhagavatam.  By entering the heart of Rupa Gosvami, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu empowered him to ascertain properly the conclusions of all truths.  He made him an experienced devotee whose decisions correctly agreed with the verdicts of the disciplic succession.  Thus Shri Rupa Gosvami was personally empowered by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

 

          After giving so much instruction, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu advised Shri Rupa to go to Vrndavana.  The Lord then departed for Varanasi.  With a grievous heart due to separation from the Lord, Shri Rupa and Anupama started for Vrndavana.   

 

Shri Rupa in Nilacala:

 

          In Vrndavana, Rupa Gosvami began to write a drama.  In particular, he composed the introductory verses to invoke good fortune. On his way to Gauda-desa, Rupa Gosvami had been thinking of how to write the action of the drama.  Thus he had made some notes and begun to write.  In this way the two brothers Rupa and Anupama reached Bengal, but when they arrived there Anupama died.  After performing the funeral rites, Rupa Gosvami traveled on.  In the province of Orissa, Shrila Rupa Gosvami rested for a night at Satyabhama-pura. That night he dreamed that a celestially beautiful woman had come before him and very mercifully gave him the following order.  "Write a separate drama about me.  By my mercy it will be extraordinarily beautiful."  After having this dream, Shrila Rupa Gosvami considered, "It is the order of Satyabhama that I write a separate drama for her."

 

          Thus absorbed in thought, he quickly reached Jagannatha Puri.  When he arrived, he approached the hut of Haridasa Thakura.  Out of affectionate love and mercy, Haridasa Thakura told Shrila Rupa Gosvami, "Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu has already informed me that you would come here."  Shortly thereafter the Lord arrived and warmly embraced Rupa.  They sat down together and inquired from one another about auspicious news. The Lord asked Rupa about Sanatana. Rupa explained that he had not met Sanatana and informed the Lord of Anupama's death.

 

 

          On the next day, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu again met Rupa Gosvami, and with great mercy the Lord introduced him to all the devotees.  Every day the Lord would go to see Rupa Gosvami, and whatever prasada He received from the temple He would deliver to Rupa Gosvami and Haridasa Thakura.

 

          One day Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu went to see Shrila Rupa Gosvami, the omniscient Lord spoke as follows:  "Do not try to take Krishna out of Vrndavana, for He does not go anywhere else at any time.  After saying this, the Lord went to perform His noontime duties, leaving Rupa Gosvami somewhat surprised. "Satyabhama ordered me to write two different dramas," he thought, "now I understand that this order has been confirmed by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

 

          During the Ratha-yatra ceremony Rupa Gosvami heard a verse uttered by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu during the ceremony, and he immediately composed another verse dealing with the same subject.  Only Svarupa Damodara Gosvami knew the purpose for which the Lord recited that verse.  According to the Lord's attitude, he used to quote other verses to enable the Lord to relish mellows.  Rupa Gosvami, however, could understand the intention of the Lord, and thus he composed another verse.  After writing this verse on a palm leaf, he put it somewhere in his thatched roof and went to bathe in the sea.  At that time, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu went there to meet him, and when He saw the leaf pushed into the roof and saw the verse, He read it and was overwhelmed by ecstatic love.  At that time Rupa Gosvami returned and offered his obeisances. The Lord slapped him mildly in love and said, "My heart is very confidential.  How did you know My mind in this way?" Svarupa Damodara said, "I can understand that You have already bestowed Your causeless mercy upon him.  No one could otherwise understand this meaning."

 

          One day while Rupa Gosvami was writing his book, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu came to the cottage of Haridasa Thakura. The Lord inquired, "What kind of book are you writing?"  He held up a palm leaf that was a page of the manuscript, and when He saw the fine handwriting, His mind was very pleased. "The handwriting of Rupa Gosvami is just like rows of pearls," He said.  When Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu ordered Rupa Gosvami to read from his book, Rupa Gosvami, because of great shyness, did not read it but instead remained silent.  When the Lord persisted, Shri Rupa read, much to everyone's pleasure.  After hearing from him, both Ramananda Raya and Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya said to the Lord, "Without Your special mercy, how could this Rupa Gosvami have understood Your mind.  Ramananda remarked to Shri Rupa, "This drama of yours is a mine of conclusive statements."

 

          After four months had passed and the Dola-yatra festival ended, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu bade farewell to Rupa Gosvami. The Lord empowered him and bestowed upon him all kinds of mercy.  "Now go to Vrndavana and stay there," the Lord said. "You may send here your elder brother, Sanatana.  When you go to Vrndavana, stay there, preach transcendental literature and excavate the lost holy places.  Establish the service of Lord Krishna and preach the mellows of Lord Krishna's devotional service.  I shall also go to Vrndavana once more."  Having thus spoken, Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu embraced Rupa Gosvami, who then placed the lotus feet of the Lord upon his head.

 

The appearance of Shri Shri Govinda deva:

 

          One day while Shri Rupa Gosvami was sitting on the bank of the Yamuna he began thinking, "I have failed to carry out the order of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu."  As he was thinking in this way an attractive Vrajavasi appeared there and asked Rupa, "Why do you look so depressed?"  Shri Rupa explained, "My life is futile because I have failed to execute the will of the Lord."  "What is the order of Mahaprabhu," the Vrajavasi asked?  Shri Rupa replied, "Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu requested me to establish the service of Lord Krishna and excavate the lost holy places."  The Vrajavasi replied, "My lord, please come with me."  Shri Rupa Gosvami followed the Vrajavasi who took him to a hillock and said, This spot is known as Gauratila and Shri Govinda deva is lying under this hillock. Every afternoon a cow comes here and bathes this hill with her milk."  Saying this the Vrajavasi suddenly disappeared.

 

          Shri Rupa puzzled over who the Vrajavasi was and if what he said might be true.  The next afternoon he went to the hill and saw a cow standing there, pouring her milk onto the hill. Shri Rupa Gosvami was overwhelmed with joy and anticipation. He rushed to the village and told the gopas about the incident, and they danced jubilantly.  Under the order of Shri Rupa, they all took axes and spades and began to dig at Gauratila.  After sometime they uncovered the Deity of Shri Govinda deva, who was more beautiful than millions of Cupids. Everyone cheered, ecstatically calling out the name of Hari. With tears in his eyes, Shri Rupa Gosvami fell prostrate on the ground before the Deity.  News of the Deities appearance spread rapidly throughout the village and everyone rushed to see the Lord. 

 

          The gopas of Vraja brought numerous baskets of curd, milk, rice and vegetables as offerings, and the brahmanas immediately began to cook many varieties of preparations. After the wonderful abhiseka of Shri Govinda deva, the brahmanas offered the bhoga to the Lord.  Shri Rupa Gosvami's joy was boundless.  All the Gosvamis came for darsana of Shri Govinda and everyone began to float in the ocean of transcendental bliss.  Shri Rupa Gosvami immediately sent word of Shri Govinda's appearance to Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in Nilacala.  Hearing this news, the Lord and His associates were filled with joy.  At once, Mahaprabhu sent Shri Kasisvara Pandita to assist Rupa Gosvami in Vrndavana.

 

The manifestation of Shri Vrnda devi:

 

          After the installation of Shri Govinda and Shri Madana Gopala, Shri Rupa Gosvami began to meditate upon Shri Vrnda devi.  One night Vrnda devi appeared to Shri Rupa and said, "I am living in the bank of Brahma kunda, you can find me there." In the morning Shri Rupa bathed in the Yamuna and finished his worship.  He then went to the bank of Brahma kunda and began searching.  Suddenly he came across a celestially beautiful woman of golden complexion.  The glowing effulgence of her body lit the entire area and the air was filled with sweet perfume.  Understanding the she was none other than Shri Vrnda devi, Rupa Gosvami immediately began offering prayers:  "Oh Vrnda devi, you are the exalted nurse of Lord Govinda and the fulfiller of Govinda's desires, I glorify you again and again."  In this way, Shri Vrnda devi appeared in this world.

 

The Danakeli Kaumudi:

 

          Shri Rupa Gosvami wrote a drama named Lalita-Madhava dealing with the Lord's pastimes in Dvaraka and gave it to Shri Raghunatha dasa Gosvami to read.  However, after reading it, Raghunatha dasa became so morose and filled with sorrow that he decided to give up his life.  Understanding Shri Raghunatha's state of mind, Shri Rupa Gosvami wrote another book named Danakeli Kaumudi, describing the Lord's eternal pastimes in Vraja and gave the book to Shri Raghunatha to read. This time, upon reading, Raghunatha dasa became overwhelmed with happiness. (BRK)

 

The Affection of Shri Radhika:

 

          One day Shri Rupa Gosvami desired to prepare payasam for Shri Sanatana but there were no ingredients for cooking in his cottage.  Understanding the mind of Her devotee, Shri Radha Thakurani-the fulfiller of her devotees' desires, came to the hut of Shri Rupa in the guise of a milkmaid and brought milk, rice and sugar for him.  "Oh my lord," She said, "please accept this gift."  Hearing the girls voice, Shri Rupa Gosvami came out and saw a beautiful young girl standing before him and asked her,

"My dear girl, why have you come here?"  She replied, "I have brought this gift for serving you."  Shri Rupa said, "My dear girl, why have you gone through so much difficulty for my sake?"  Shri Radha answered, "Oh my father, it has not been any trouble at all,  I have brought this gift for serving you, who are such a saintly person."  Shri Rupa requested her to sit down, but she declined, "No I cannot stay any longer.  I have many things to do at home."  Saying this the girl suddenly disappeared.  Shri Rupa was astonished by the girls sudden departure.  He then prepared the payasam, offered it to Shri Govinda deva and gave the prasada to Sanatana.  Upon eating the prasada, Shri Sanatana was filled with ecstacy and asked Shri Rupa, "Where did you get the rice and milk to cook this prasada?"  Shri Rupa said, "One young milkmaid brought it to me."  Sanatana questioned, "Did she suddenly appear before you?"  "Yes," Rupa replied, "this morning when I was thinking that I would like to prepare some payasam for you, a girl suddenly arrived with a gift of rice and milk."  Hearing this, Shri Sanatana began to cry and told Shri Rupa, "Who could have supplied something which such a wonderful taste other than Shrimati Radharani Herself?  (BRK)

 

The Affection of the Inhabitants of Vraja:

 

          When Shri Sanatana Gosvami and Shri Rupa Gosvami lived in Vraja, they won the heartfelt affection of all the residents there, who regularly brought the two brothers gifts of curd and milk.  The Gosvamis also regarded the inhabitants of Vraja as the dear associates of Lord Krishna.  They respected them in that way

and were always concerned about their well being.  In Bhakti Ratnakara Shri Narahari Cakravarti explains:  "Rupa and Sanatana Gosvami used to know everything about the villagers of Vraja, such as how many sons and daughters they had and how old they where, who had given their son or daughter in marriage, how many cows and bullocks they possessed, how the crops were developing and what was the condition of their health."          In this way the Gosvamis carefully looked after the people of Vraja.  From time to time they gave advice relating to health, etc.  They were very unhappy to hear of any misery or sorrow suffered by a Vrajavasi, and were happy to hear any joyful news or jokes shared with them.  When they visited different areas of Vraja, the inhabitants there did not want them to leave their village.  If many days passed without a visit from the Gosvamis, the Vrajavasis would anxiously seek them out.  Thus the Vrajavasis were the life of Shri Rupa and Sanatana, and Shri Rupa and Sanatana were the life of the Vrajavasis.

 

The Books of Shri Rupa Gosvami:

 

1.       Hamsaduta

2.       Uddhava Sandesa

3.       Shri Krishna Janmatithi Vidhi

4.       Shri Radha Krishna Ganadesa Dipika (Vrhad and Laghu)

5.       Shri Stavamala

6.       Shri Vidaghdha Madhava (drama)

7.       Shri Lalita Madhava (drama)

8.       Danakeli Daumudi

9.       Shribhaktirasamrtasindhu

10.     Ujjala Nilamoni

11.     Prajuktakhyatacandrika

12.     Shri Mathura-Mahatma

13.     Padyavali

14.     Natakacandrika

15.     Samkhepa Bhagavatamrta

16.     Samanya Virudavali Lakshmana

17.     Upadesamrta

 

 

 

 

Shri Rupa Gosvami's date of birth:

 

Birth--1411 Saka era, 1546 calender year, 1489 A.D.  He lived twenty-two years at home, and fifty-one years in Vraja. According to Shri Radha Ramana Bera, he was born in 1415 Saka era, 1568 A.D.  His duration of life was seventy-five years; Death--1486 Saka era, 1621 calender year, 1564 A.D., on the day of Sukla Dvadasi in the month of Sravana (July-August). According to another view, he died in 1490 Saka era, 1625 calender year, 1568 A.D.   

 

240.    RUPA KAVIRAJA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya and belonged to Shripata Birbhum.  Both Rupa Kaviraja and Bhagavan Kaviraja were brothers of Nimai Kaviraja.  According to Anuragavalli 7.45 Nimai was the son of Bhagavan Kaviraja.  (BRK. 10.138)

 

241.    RUPA RAYA:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura and was responsible for converting large numbers of Muslims into Vaishnavas.  (Narottamavilasa 12, Premavilasa 20)

 

242.    RUPACAND ADHIKARI:

 

          He was born toward the early part of the eighteenth century (A.D.) and introduced the school of kirtana known as Dhap-kirtana.  Born as Pranakrishna Cattopadhyaya in the village of Talibpur in Murshidabad, he inherited the property of his maternal grandfather at Beldanga.  He received his Sanskrit education in a local school and became an eloquent reciter of Shrimad Bhagavatam.  He had a beautiful voice and took lessons in music from a sannyasi residing at the village of Simulia near Salar in Murshidabad.  The teacher presented Rupacand with a powerful musical instrument called "Dubki", and he later acquired great fame by singing his self-composed DhapA kirtana.

 

          It is said that Rupacand was once attacked by a gang of dacoits on his way back from a performance.  He persuaded the dacoits to listen to his singing and charmed them instantly. Descendants of Jagat Seth, being attracted by his singing, offered him a large tract of rent free land and constructed a house for him.  Rupacand died around 1802/1803 A.D.

 

243.    RUPACANDRA SARASVATI:

 

          He was a famous scholar and a disciple of Narottama Thakura.

In Prema Vilasa it is said that he was born around 1423-1427 Saka in the family of Lakshminatha and Kamala Lahidi of Vitadiya village near the business center of Egarasindura in Kamrupa (Assam).  In his childhood he was a restless boy and was most inattentive to his studies.  When his father gave him ashes one day to eat instead of rice, Rupacandra left home. He went to Panditavadi and continued his studies in the home of a certain professor.  Within a short time he became a scholar and his professor gave him the title "Cakravarti."  He then went to Navadvipa and continued his education.  There he received the title of "Acarya."  In this way he studied in the main centers of learning in India and earned the titled of "Sarasvati" and "Maha Srutidhara" (one who can remember everything).  He then went out to conquer the different states of India with his knowledge.

 

          He met Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in Puri, but at that time he was mad with his own academic pride and could not recognize the Lord's position.  He also went to Vrndavana with the desire to defeat Shri Rupa and Sanatana.  But the two brothers, showing the best example of Vaishnava politeness, accepted their own defeat without debate.  Shri Jiva Gosvami, however, became angry when he heard that his uncles had been defeated and challenged Rupacandra.  After seven days of debate, Shri Jiva defeated Rupacandra.  Upon hearing this Shri Rupa Gosvami severely chastised Shri Jiva Gosvami.  Later Rupacandra realized the nobility of the Gosvamis and submitted to them.

 

          Rupacandra was the court Pandita of King Narasimha of Pakkapalli.  When the King heard that Narottama Thakura, who was a sudra, was giving initiation to brahmanas, he became very angry and ordered Rupacandra and other Panditas to go to Kheturi and defeat Narottama in debate.  Rupacandra had already heard of the glories of Narottama but did not disclose it to the King.  On the contrary he pretended to be angry too and excited the Panditas to go to Kheturi.  But they were defeated by the disciples of Narottama even before meeting Narottama.  Rupacandra then advised the Panditas to accept initiation from Narottama.  Rupacandra himself also accepted initiation, as did the King and Queen.  Rupacandra was then named Rupanarayana.  It is said that Rupanarayana brought the Deities of Shri Vrajamohana and Shri Radha from Vrajadhama and installed them in Egarasindhura.

 

244.    RUPAMALA:

 

          She was the queen of King Narasimha and a disciple of Narottama Thakura.

 

245.    RUPANARAYANA:

 

          A resident of Kheturi and a brahmana of the Savarna clan, he was a disciple of Narottama Thakura.  (Premavilasa 20)

 

246.    RUPESVAR:

 

          He was the great grandfather of Rupa and Sanatana Gosvami.  (See "Padmanabha")